Social and Economic Dynamics of Development: Case Studies

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Edition: 978-0-9932118-4-3
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SOCIAL & ECONOMIC DYNAMICS OF DEVELOPMENT
CASE STUDIES
Editors
Savaş Çevik, Hamza Şimşek & Harini Mittal
SOCIAL & ECONOMIC DYNAMICS
OF DEVELOPMENT
CASE STUDIES
Edited By
Savaş Çevik
Selçuk University, Konya/Turkey
Hamza Şimşek
Batman University, Batman/Turkey
Harini Mittal
City University of New York, Newyork/USA
Dr. Savaş Çevik is an Associate Professor in Department of Economics at the Selcuk University in
Turkey. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in public finance from Marmara University. He has
been a visiting scholar at the University of Texas at Dallas. He teaches public finance, public
economics and tax law and policy, while his research interests are in public economics, politics and
economics of taxation and behavioral economics. He has recently published papers and books on tax
morale, tax compliance, international taxation, and tax structure and economic
performance. scevik@selcuk.edu.tr
Dr. Hamza Şimşek is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics in Batman University.
He received his M.S and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Muğla University. His research activities
are focused on macroeconomics, microeconomics, poverty, game theory. He teaches microeconomics,
macroeconomics, and monetary policies. He has recently published papers and books on poverty in
Batman, money supply theories and game theory. hamza.simsek@batman.edu.tr
Dr. Harini Mittal is an assistant professor at Bronx Community College, City University of New
York (CUNY). Dr. Mittal has been actively involved in various activities, initiatives, teaching and
research in the field of innovation and entrepreneurship in Indian and American contexts. She also has
a proven track record in strategic planning, execution, formation of alliances and partnerships. She has
published a number of peer-reviewed papers in journals, made conference presentations at
international conferences, written case studies and technical notes, and supervised Ph. D. and MBA
theses at CEPT University,
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CONTENTS
List of Contributers ....................................................................................................................... 5-7
Introduction: Social & Economic Dynamics of Development: Case Studies ............................... 9-11
Savaş Çevik, Hamza Şimşek, Harini Mittal
1. Well-Being and Quality of Life: Ranking of Provinces in Turkey
Using MOORA Method .................................................................................................... 13-25
Feyyaz Cengiz Dikmen, Gülten Dursun
2. Finansal Dışlama ve Sosyal Dışlama Olgusu:
Çoklu Uyum Analizi (MCA) Modeli İle Analiz .................................................................. 27-44
Hilal Yıldız, Tuğçe Çağlayan
3. The Inequality-Increasing Effects of the Metropolitan Municipality
Administration in Turkey .................................................................................................. 45-59
Fatma Eda Çelik, Aslı Yılmaz Uçar
4. A Study of Gender Roles and Experiences in Turkey through Newspapers
and Magazines during World War II ................................................................................. 61-68
Sevgi Uçan Çubukçu
5. Yükselen Ekonomilerde Cinsiyete Dayalı İşsizlik ve Büyüme:
EMG-20 Ülkeleri, 1991- 2014 ........................................................................................... 69-78
Aslı Yenipazarlı, Necmiye Cömertler Şimşir, Funda Çondur
6. Unemployment Hysteresis in Fourteen European Countries: Panel KPSS Approach ......... 79-90
Gülten Dursun, Ervisa Sulmina
7. An Empirical Analysis of the Wagner’s Law in the European Periphery ........................... 91-105
Çiğdem Börke Tunalı
8. Tax Structure and Economic Growth: A GMM Analysis ............................................... 107-114
Halit Yanıkkaya, Taner Turan
9. Ar-Ge Teşvikleri ve Patentleme İlişkisi: Türkiye Örneği ................................................ 115-127
Osman Geyik, Aykut Aydın
10. The Propensity to Patent in Turkey: A Regional Comparison ....................................... 129-136
Ünal Töngör
11. Türkiye Hazır Giyim Sektöründe Sendikal Örgütlenmenin Gelişimi:
Güneşli Nakış İşçileri Örneği ......................................................................................... 137-160
İlyas Coşkun, Şule Daldal
12. Çalışma İlişkileri Araşrmalarında Kuramsal ve Kavramsal Sorunlar:
Literatürden ve Alandan Gözlemler ................................................................................ 161-166
Taner Akpınar
13. An Assessment of the Impact of Tourist Information and Infrastructure Outreach
upon the Intent of Inbound Tourism ............................................................................. 167-182
Muhammad Ubair Riaz
14. The Effects of Culture, Lifestyle and Psychographic Features
on the Expected Benefit from the Brand ........................................................................ 183-204
Eyyup Yaraş
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LIST OF CONTRIBUTERS
This is a list of those who contributed to this volume.
Dr. Taner Akpınar has a Ph.D. in labour economics and industrial relations. He is currently teaching
at Akdeniz University, Turkey. He is interested in social class, social policy, child labour and inter-
national labour migration. tanerakpinar@akdeniz.edu.tr
Aykut Aydın is a research assistant at the Department of Economics in Faculty of Economics,
Marmara University, Turkey. He has been working on his PhD Thesis. His research activities are
focused on local government, transportation economy, economic crises, tax policy, income
distribution and poverty. aykutaydinn@hotmail.com
İlyas Coşkun received his bachelor's degree in Labour Economics and Industrial Relations at Dokuz
Eylul University. He is currently a master student in Department of Labour Economics at the Institute
of Social Science of Marmara University. His master thesis focuses on working conditions and
unionization attempts of Gunesli embroidery sector workers. csknilyas@hotmail.com
Tuğçe Çağlayan was graduated from the Department of Economics at Kocaeli University in 2015.
She is MA student in economic policy at Social Science Institute of Kocaeli University and in
econometrics at Social Science Institute of Marmara University. Her research interests include
Macroeconomics, Monetary and Fiscal Policies, Economic Crises and Applied Econometrics.
caglayantugce@gmail.com
Fatma Eda Çelik is a PhD candidate at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration
(Administrative Sciences Program) in Ankara University. She received her bachelor’s degree in
Political Science and Public Administration in METU. She is currently working on her PhD Thesis
about the “head of state” problem during the transitional period from empire to republic. Her research
interests focus on administrative sciences, administrative history and political economy of
administration. She has publications on administration of public finance, public private partnerships
and water. fatmaedacelik@gmail.com
Dr. Savaş Çevik is an Associate Professor in Department of Economics at the Selcuk University in
Turkey. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in public finance from Marmara University. He has
been a visiting scholar at the University of Texas at Dallas. He teaches public finance, public
economics and tax law and policy, while his research interests are in public economics, politics and
economics of taxation and behavioral economics. He has recently published papers and books on tax
morale, tax compliance, international taxation, and tax structure and economic
performance. scevik@selcuk.edu.tr
Dr. Funda Çondur was born in Izmir in 1969. She completed her primary education in Aydin, and
secondary education in Izmir. She completed her undergraduate education in 1992 at Anadolu
University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Department of Economics, and her
graduate studies in Economic Development and International Economics Department of the Institute
of Social Sciences of Anadolu University in 1994. She completed her doctorate in the Department of
Economics of Adnan Menderes University Institute of Social Sciences in 2000. She worked as research
assistant at the Institute of Social Sciences, Adnan Menderes University between 1995-1999, worked
as a lecturer in the Department of Economics of Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative
Sciences in Adnan Menderes University between 1999 and 2002. She was appointed as an assistant
professor in the same department in 2002 and continues her position. fcondur@adu.edu.tr
5
Dr. Sevgi Uçan Çubukçu is Assoc. Prof. Dr. at Istanbul University, Faculty of Political Sciences,
Department of International Relations and Women’s Studies. She received her MSc in Political
Sciences and International Relations on the subject of “Turkish Feminist Movement” from the
Boğaziçi University in 1995. She completed her PhD in International Relations in 2002 with her
dissertation on “The Social Democracy in Post-Industrial Society: New Labour Party and The Third
Way” in Istanbul University. Sevgi Uçan-Çubukçu teaches “Feminist Theories”, “The History of
Political Thought”, “Globalization and Politics”, “Political Theory and Gender”, “The Women’s
Movement and Democracy in Turkey”, “The Theory of Democracy”, and “Modern Political
Theories”. Her main research areas are feminist theories, women’s movement, gender issues, the
theory of democracy, and political theory and globalization.
Dr. Şule Daldal currently works as Associate Professor at Marmara University, Faculty of Economics
and is Head of Department of Labour Economics. Besides her doctoral dissertation work titled “New
Production Organizations and the Changing Position of Labour”, there are several contributions in
the books ‘Yeni Toplum Yeni Siyaset’ (‘New Society, New Politics’, ‘Alternatif Sanayileşme Önerileri’
(‘Alternative Industrialization Propositions’), ‘Turkish German Affairs from an Interdisciplinary
Perspective’. Several articles of her have been published in the working reports, diverse magazines and
newspapers.She was also editor of the Keynes Issue of the Magazine called “Toplum ve Demokrasi
Dergisi” (‘Magazine of Society and Democracy”) and the book titled “Materyalist Devlet Teorisi”
(‘The Theory of the Materialist State”). Her book ‘Kuralsız Kapitalizm Batağında Emek’ (‘Labour in
the Lawless Trap of Capitalism’) was published by Alan Yayınları in 2010.In 2014, she has conducted
studies on the employment of woman labour in Berlin, where she went to under scholarship of
TÜBİTAK. sulenecef@yahoo.com
Dr. Feyyaz Cengiz Dikmen is an Asst. Professor at the Faculty of Economics and Administrative
Sciences, Department of Administrative Sciences in Kocaeli University. His doctorate thesis was
focused on the performance of state universities evaluating with DEA. .His research activities are
focused on MCDM, MADM methods and on applied statistics. fcdikmen@kocaeli.edu.tr
Dr. Gülten Dursun is an Associate Proffessor at the Department of Economics in Kocaeli University.
Her research activities are focused on Foreign Direct Investment, Poverty, Gender and Economic
Growth. Specific interests include natural disasters and poverty, inter-disciplinarily and methodology;
panel econometrics, development and philosophical issues in economics and development. She holds a
PhD in International Economics from the University of Marmara, Turkey. dgulten@kocaeli.edu.tr
Osman Geyik is a research assistant at the Department of Public Finance in Marmara University. He
has been working on his PhD Thesis. His subject field is public finance. His research activities are
focused on innovation and public policy, R&D incentives and R&D expenditures, regional differences
and taxation, tax compliance costs. osmangeyik@gmail.com
Dr. Harini Mittal is an assistant professor at Bronx Community College, City University of New
York (CUNY). Dr. Mittal has been actively involved in various activities, initiatives, teaching and
research in the field of innovation and entrepreneurship in Indian and American contexts. She also has
a proven track record in strategic planning, execution, formation of alliances and partnerships. She has
published a number of peer-reviewed papers in journals, made conference presentations at
international conferences, written case studies and technical notes, and supervised Ph. D. and MBA
theses at CEPT University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, where she was an Associate Professor, and
Head of the Department, Faculty of Technology Management for five years. She was also a visiting
professor at The University of Texas at Dallas (2012-2014) and a visiting faculty member at Stuttgart
University of Applied Sciences, Germany, in 2011. She received her Ph.D. in Management, from the
Institute of Management, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, for which she worked on the Impact of
Mergers and Acquisitions on the Performance of a Firm. She received an MBA in Finance from the
B.K. School of Business Management, Gujarat University and a BA in Corporate Secretaryship from
6
the University of Madras, India. She is also the author of two books which have been received well by
the academic community, students and industry specialists. Her first book Impact of Mergers on
Performance of a Firm - An Indian Perspective (LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co.
KG, Germany, 2011) is based on her PhD thesis while her second book which she coauthored titled
Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and the Economy in the US, China, and India: Historical Perspectives and
Future Trends (Academic Publishing, Elsevier Inc., 2014) addresses many puzzling business questions
across three different countries.
Muhammad Ubair Riaz is currently a Graduate Research Assistant at the Department of Marketing at
the University of Texas at Arlington. He is also pursuing his master’s degree in Marketing Research
there. He received his bachelor’s degree in Economics at Lahore School of Economics. His research
areas are Tourism Development, Buyer Behavior and Customer
Insights. muhammadubai.riaz@mavs.uta.edu
Ervisa Sulmina is currently a MSc degree student in Economic Policy at the Kocaeli University. She
completed her Bachelor Education in Economics at the Kocaeli University. Her research interests are
in the areas of design and economic growth, unemployment and applied econometrics.
er.sulmina@hotmail.com
Dr. Hamza Şimşek is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics in Batman University.
He received his M.S and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Muğla University. His research activities
are focused on macroeconomics, microeconomics, poverty, game theory. He teaches microeconomics,
macroeconomics, and monetary policies. He has recently published papers and books on poverty in
Batman, money supply theories and game theory. hamza.simsek@batman.edu.tr
Dr. Necmiye Cömertler Şimşir was born in Aydın in 1972. She completed her primary and secondary
education in Aydın. She completed her undergraduate education at the Department of Economics of
Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences of Dokuz Eylul University in 1993. She graduated
from Dokuz Eylül University Institute of Social Sciences, Economics / Money and Banking Program
in 1996. She had her doctorate degree in economics in 2002 in Adnan Menderes University. She
began her academic career in 1995, as a research assistant in the Economics Department at the Faculty
of Economics and Administrative Sciences of Adnan Menderes University in Nazilli. She is continuing
her career as an Asociated Professor since 2015. ncomertler@adu.edu.tr
Dr. Ünal Töngür is a research assistant at the Department of Economics at Akdeniz University. He
received his PhD degree in Economics at Middle East Technical University. His PhD dissertation
focuses on patterns of firm growth in the Turkish manufacturing industry. His main areas of interest
include applied econometrics, industrial economics, evolutionary economics, firm dynamics,
technology and innovation, defence and peace economics, and growth. unaltongur@gmail.com
Dr. Çigdem Börke Tunalı is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Economics, Istanbul University.
She obtained her PhD in economics at the Istanbul University and she is now working on her second
PhD at Université de Strasbourg. Tunalı was a visiting researcher at the Economics and Finance
Department of College of Business, Arts and Social Sciences, Brunel University between 01 October
2013 and 31 July 2014 and worked on the state aid policy of the European Union. She was also a
visiting fellow at the London School of Economics and Political Sciences between 02 February and 30
April 2015 and worked on the sustainability of external balances in the European Periphery. Her main
research interests are macroeconomics, development economics, political economy and immigration.
Dr. Taner Turan is an Associate Professor at the Department of Economics, Gebze Technical
University. His research interests focus on macroeconomics, fiscal policy and monetary policy. Specific
interests include the fiscal issues, capital flows, growth, and stabilization policies. tturan@gtu.edu.tr
7
Dr. Aslı Yılmaz Uçar is currently working as a faculty member at the Department of Political Science
and Public Administration in İstanbul Kemerburgaz University. Her main research activities are on
the political economy of administration and she has engaged to the local governments and especially
the history of local governments in Turkey in the Early Republican Era during post-doc studies.
asliyilm@gmail.com
Dr. Eyyup Yaraş is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences in
Akdeniz University. He worked as a visiting professor at the University of Texas at Dallas (2012-
2013). His main areas of interest include Marketing Research, Consumer Behaviors and Brand
management. eyaras@gmail.com
Dr. Halit Yanıkkaya is a full professor in Economics at the Gebze Technical University. His primary
research interest is growth and development economics. His research activities include the growth and
development effects of trade openness and financial openness, industrial policies, and institutional
economics. halityanikkaya@gtu.edu.tr
Dr. Aslı Yenipazarlı was born in 1976 in Aydin- Turkiye. She completed her secondary education in
İzmir Bornova Anadolu Highschool (German). She completed her undergraduate education in
Hacettepe University at Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences at Economics Department
(English) in 1999. She graduated from Adnan Menderes University, Institute of Social Sciences,
Science of Economy in 2003. She had her doctorate degree from the same University on the Science
of Economy in 2009. She started her academic career in 2000 as a research assistant at Adnan
Menderes University Department of Economics. Since 2011 she is continuing as an assistant
professor at Adnan Menderes University Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences,
Department of Economics. Her foreign languages are English and German. ayenipazarli@adu.edu.tr
Dr. Hilal Yıldız is an Associate Professor at the Department of Economics in Kocaeli University. In
addition to teaching at Kocaeli University, she worked as a visiting professor at the University of
Westminster. Her research activities are focused on applied econometrics, time series analysis,
statistical analysis, economic crises and economic growth. yildiz.hilal@kocaeli.edu.tr
Social & Economic Dynamics of Development: Case Studies, (Ed. by: Savaş Çevik, Hamza Şimşek, Harini Mittal)
9
Introduction
Social & Economic Dynamics of
Development: Case Studies
Savaş Çevik
Hamza Şimşek
Harini Mittal
t is reasonable to accept that there is no simple answer to achieving development. It is a complex,
changing, flexible and dynamic phenomenon which is influenced and determined by various
factors (Pitt, 1976). Indeed, the development itself is multidimensional in terms of both
indicators and determinants. While economic relations among actors produce social outcomes, social
interactions are expected to create important economic outcomes on societies’ prosperity. Today,
almost all approaches to development recognize that fighting poverty and unemployment, increasing
social and human capital, establishing institutional state capacity and social-political stability and even
creating a developmental culture (Erdoğdu, 2015) are important factors to enhance economic
performance of the nations.
Thus, economic development must also be examined as a product of social and economic interactions
between the society’s members. This book presents some case studies on macroeconomic issues such as
unemployment, tax structure and R&D activities/supports, on socio-economic dimensions such as
gender problems in economic activities, and industrial relations and on consuming behaviors. The
book is based on the selected papers presented in 7th International Conference of Political Economy
whose main theme was ‘State, Economic Policy, Taxation and Economic Development’, held in
Istanbul on June 28-30, 2016.
One important concern in economics is measuring welfare of nations and explaining differences
between countries in formulating appropriate economic policies. Standard economic approach mostly
assumes that the economic welfare of nations is reflected in per capita national income. However, this
measure is criticized to be insufficient to indicate the welfare level of a country and its citizens. Besides,
the economic development is a multidimensional phenomenon beyond monetary measurement. A
recent trend in economics is to study the subjective well-being and the quality of life (QOL) to
capture exact level of welfare. In this context, the first study of the book by Feyyaz Cengiz Dikmen
and Gülten Dursun analyzes the QOL indicators to rank Turkish provinces and to determine
differences between provinces with the help of Multi-Objective Optimization by Ratio Analysis
(MOORA) methodology. MOORA is mostly used in engineering decision problems.
I
Introduction*
Next two chapters focus on social exclusion and inequality issues. In Chapter 2, Hilal Yıldız and
Tuğçe Çağlayan analyze the interrelation between social exclusion and financial exclusion by using
survey data collected in Marmara Region of Turkey. As they provide empirical contribution to the
subject rarely examined for Turkey, the results indicate that financial exclusion is associated with social
exclusion. The paper by Fatma Eda Çelik and Aslı Yılmaz Uçar in Chapter 3 examines the
redistributive impact of the Law 6360 which is an amendment that imposes significant change in
Turkey’s administrative structure. Although the amendment in question was discussed with respect to
political, administrative and legal dimensions, Çelik and Uçar focus on the relatively neglected side of
the subject, the possible redistributive outcomes of this change in legal-administrative framework,
through specific cases from rural and urban settlements.
Chapter 4 and 5 consider the gender dimension of development and unemployment. In her
examination of gender roles in Chapter 4, Sevgi Uçan Çubukçu discusses how women’s role in public
sphere was affected by the Second World War and the economic policies of the wartime with the help
of archival documents and daily newspapers and periodicals of that period. She concludes that gender
roles in Turkey were very similar to those in battling countries with respect to a dominant image of
educated, economizing and reproducing woman, even though Turkey did not get involved in the war.
Aslı Yenipazarlı, Necmiye Cömertler Şimşir and Funda Çondur in Chapter 5 examine the relationship
between unemployment and economic growth with aspect of gender. As mostly macroeconomic
studies tend to deal with aggregate unemployment in association with economic performance, authors
analyze the male and female unemployment separately in a panel data from EMG20. They conclude
that economic growth has impact on decreasing in male employment rather than female
unemployment, although this gender-specific effect is weak in some fragile countries such as Turkey
and Mexico.
In Chapter 6, Gülten Dursun and Ervisa Sulmina investigate the unemployment problem, one of the
most serious phenomena in contemporary economies. Unemployment can be seen as a result of labor
market characteristics, in the form of the natural rate of employment. On the other hand, according to
hysteresis hypothesis, the natural rate of unemployment could be “pulled” by actual unemployment
rate in the same direction. Analyzing panel data from fourteen European countries, Dursun and
Sulmina present evidence in favor of the hysteresis hypothesis in all the European countries except
Belgium and the Netherlands. However, when they introduce structural breaks the results are in the
favor of natural rate of unemployment.
Chapter 7 and Chapter 8 investigate the nexus between governmental activities and economics
performance. In Chapter 7, Çiğdem Börke Tunalı empirically analyzes the Wagner’s law on the
expansion of the governmental activities by depending on the level of economics development, a
famuos discussion in economic literature. She empirically tests if per capita GDP leads an increase in
government expenditures in the nine European Union countries through time series techniques.
Halit Yanıkkaya and Taner Turan analyze the effect of tax structure on economic growth using the
data of a panel of countries in Chapter 8. Their finding reveals how taxation impacts economic growth
different countries in different ways. According to results of the study, the robust and significant effect
of general level of taxation was found only for lower income countries. Besides, while the shifting from
income tax to consumption and property taxes leads to significant and positive effect on growth for
the whole sample, for the low income countries, a shifting from consumption and property taxes to
income taxes produces the positive effect on the growth.
Chapter 8 and 9 examine the R&D, patenting and innovation which are important to create
technology and to stimulate economic performance. Osman Geyik and Aykut Aydın provide the
outcomes of a survey on the relationship between R&D incentives and patenting in the case of Turkey
in Chapter 8. Along with a comparison of R&D incentives, R&D expenditures and patenting data to
reflect Turkey’s position in international level, they also discuss the reasons for low level of patenting
and innovations of Turkey. In Chapter 9, Ünal Töngür empirically examines the determinants of
Social & Economic Dynamics of Development: Case Studies, (Ed. by: Savaş Çevik, Hamza Şimşek, Harini Mittal)
patent activities by analyzing provincial level data in Turkey. He concludes that human capital and
technological infrastructure are important for obtaining R&D support. He also finds that R&D
support increases patent activities.
Next two chapters deal with labor relations in the context of case studies and methodological issues. In
Chapter 10, İlyas Coşkun and Şule Daldal provide a comprehensive account of the unionization
problem in textile sector which is one of the most labor-intensive sectors in Turkey and elsewhere in
the world. While Turkey has a low rate of unionization compared to OECD countries, textile and
readymade garment sector is an important employment area for fragile labor such as women or
unskilled workers. Thus, the paper discusses the worker’s problems and reveals findings to understand
structural problems that arose from inter-parties relationships in a specific case of the embroidery
sector. In Chapter 11, Taner Akpınar considers methodological problems to study labor relationship
in Chapter 12. He argues that the mainstream perspectives and current structure of research on labor
relations mostly ignore many important sectors such as agriculture and small and medium-sized
enterprises, while the dominant theoretical paradigm which was developed from Western societies’
experiences in the area does not provide a satisfactory explanation for issues with respect to labor
relations in developing countries.
The last two chapters of the book are on consumer perspective and behaviors. Chapter 12 by
Muhammad Ubair Riaz provides an empirical analysis based on survey data on determinants of
inbound tourism in the case of Pakistan. Tourism can be seen as important alternative resource of
revenue for Pakistan given its natural touristic places and economic problems as unemployment. The
study’s finding indicates that factors such as availability of facilities, tourist information system, cost
living, distance and the level of corruption were important determinants of the intent of inbound
tourism. In the last paper, Eyyup Yaraş examines the effect of culture, lifestyle and psychographic
features of consumers on their expectancy of the benefit of a brand. Using the findings of the
structural equation modeling of survey data from US residents, Yaraş argues that cultural orientation,
social and emotional value perception have indispensable effects on consumers’ brand and quality
perceptions. These findings may be important to figure out the consumption behavior of
contemporary people.
November 2016
Dr. Savaş Çevik
Dr. Hamza Şimşek
Dr. Harini Mittal
References
Erdoğdu, M. (2015), “Culture of Development and Developmental Capacity of States: The Korean
Case”, in Nationalism, Cultural Indoctrination, and Economic Prosperity in the Digital
Age, B. Christiansen and J. Koeman (eds.), Hershey: IGI Global
Pitt, D. (1976), The Social Dynamic of Development, Oxford: Pergamon Press
This research hasn't been cited in any other publications.
  • Culture of Development and Developmental Capacity of States: The Korean Case " , in Nationalism, Cultural Indoctrination, and Economic Prosperity in the Digital Age
    • M Erdoğdu
    Erdoğdu, M. (2015), " Culture of Development and Developmental Capacity of States: The Korean Case ", in Nationalism, Cultural Indoctrination, and Economic Prosperity in the Digital Age, B. Christiansen and J. Koeman (eds.), Hershey: IGI Global Pitt, D. (1976), The Social Dynamic of Development, Oxford: Pergamon Press
  • Chapter
    Full-text available
    • M. Mustafa Erdogdu
      M. Mustafa Erdogdu
    The main premise of this chapter is that state actions are crucial for economic development and those actions are partly shaped by the culture. Because some cultures are more conducive to development, it is engaged with the question: “Would it be possible to direct cultural change to serve economic development? ”Since culture is a subject-object relationship, it might be possible to direct cultural change and consequently build up a developmental state. This chapter particularly focuses on the defining characteristics of a developmental state. In addition to the three characteristics recognized in the literature (relative autonomy, capacity, and embeddedness), four others are identified which are essential for a state to become developmental and remain so. These are: legitimacy of the state, integration of the society, socio-political stability, and motivation for economic development. The Korean developmental state is taken as a case study and investigated under this new light.