INDICATORS OF THE REGIONAL DIFFERENCES
IN THE AGEING POPULATION OF MONTENEGRO
M. Brajuskovica, D. Brajuskovicb, D. Mijanovica and V. Spalevica *
a Faculty of Philosophy, Geography, University of Montenegro, Niksic, Montenegro
b National Parks of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
* Corresponding author email address: email@example.com
Abstract. Montenegro is situated in southeastern Europe, in the Balkan Region. From a
geographical point of view it is divided in three regions which share climatic, lithologic,
hydrographic and vegetation characteristics: Northern - Northeastern, Central and Southern
Coastal part. The demographic aging, as a global process, does not miss Montenegro as well.
However, the indicators of the demographic aging express the definite regional differences.
In the observed period (1971-2011) the number of inhabitants of Central and Southern
Coastal region has been increased, while the number of inhabitants in the Northern region has
been reduced. The rate of natural growth in the Northern region has changed from the high to
the negative, and in the Central and Southern region has changed from the middle to the low.
The fall of the natural growth has been under the direct influence of the decrease of the
fertility, and so the fall of the fertility and the inherited age structure has appeared as the main
modifiers of the age pyramids of Montenegro in the observed period. The transformations in
the age structure of all regions have developed in the direction of the population getting old,
and in such a way the participation of the young in every census was less than in the previous
one, while the participation of the middle-age and old persons in the total population of the
regions has been much bigger. The above mentioned changes in the old-age structure have
had the influence on the increase of the average and medial age, and so they have caused the
moving of the critical points of the coefficient and the age index. On the basis of the
established stages of the demographic aging, it is recognized that in the observed period the
process of the demographic aging in Montenegro has been intensified, and so in all regions
has been developed slowly, but steady as well.
Key words: natural movement, fertility, age structure, demographic aging.