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Beet root juice on haemoglobin among adolescent girls

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... Among vegetables, beetroot is an extraordinary source of nutrients, including potassium, beta-alanine, sodium, iron, folic acid, magnesium, and nitrate. The benefits of using beetroot juice in human cases (non-athletes) are treating anemia by increasing red blood cell count, improving blood circulation, enhancing oxygen carrying capacity of erythrocytes (RBCs) and improving menstrual problems [6]. Until now, the effects of acute beetroot juice intake on blood indices in athletes has not been investigated. ...
... However, there was a significant difference involving LDL between groups. In similar studies that have been conducted involving human subjects (non-athletes), data recorded significant improvements in blood indices after long-term consumption of beetroot juice [6,[19][20][21]. In this regard, many further studies should be conducted involving athletes. ...
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Background: Background: One of the sport drinks that are increasingly popular among athletes is beetroot juice. This survey was undertaken to determine the effects of acute beetroot juice consumption on some hematological parameters, lipid profiles, and total antioxidant capacity in female soccer players. Materials and methods: In this applied, semi-experimental study, thirty female soccer players (age=23.16±0.79 years) were selected randomly and assigned into three groups: experimental (beetroot juice, n =10), (control (placebo), n =10) and (mouth rinsing, n =10). Subjects undertook soccer training for a session (90 min) with consumption of 200 ml juice 2 h before they started. Blood samples were collected and investigated before and after training. Paired sample t-tests were used for comparison within groups, and one-way ANOVA was used for comparison between groups. All statistical analyses were performed at P ≤ 0.05. Results: After a session of using beetroot juice, there were no significant differences in blood indices (levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cells, iron, and mean corpuscular volume), lipid profiles (triglycerides, total cholesterol, and high density lipoprotein), and total antioxidant capacity between groups (experimental, control, and mouth rinsing) (P > 0.05), but low density lipoprotein concentrations changed significantly (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Drinking a dose of beetroot juice did not improve hematological parameters, lipid profiles, and total antioxidant capacity. However, more research is needed to clearly identify the benefits of acute beetroot juice consumptions.
... Based on a study conducted by Suryandari and Happinasari (2015) on a number of pregnant mothers using iron therapy and beetroots for seven days, it was found that there was a significant increase of hemoglobin levels (p = 0.009) after the intervention given. Priya, Malarvizhi, and Jothi (2013) found that there was a significant increase in hemoglobin levels among female adolescents after they had been given beetroot juice for a period of 20 days. Hobbs et al. (2013) conducted an experimental study on 23 male participants who received 200 gr of bread containing 100 gr beetroot, and a similar number control group who got bread without beetroot content for 7 days. ...
... It was found that there was a hemoglobin level increase of around 2.4%-11.4%. Priya et al. (2013) also found that there was a significant increase in hemoglobin levels among female adolescents after the consumption of beetroot juice over a 20 day period. Indumathi and Kannikaparameswari. ...
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hemoglobin levels in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. This study aimed to examine the effect of beetroot biscuits consumption on the increase of hemoglobin levels in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis at the Integrated Service Unit of the Pulmonary Central Hospital of North Sumatera. The research design was quasi experimental and used pre-tests and post-tests without a control approach. This study was conducted with a sample of 100 patients selected using the purposive sampling technique. Firstly, the hemoglobin level of the patients was measured. Then, beetroot biscuits were given to the patients for thirty days as the intervention. A Wilcoxon test was performed to pinpoint the differences between the pre-test and post-test results. It was found that there was a 2.01 gr/dl increase in hemoglobin after beetroot biscuits were given to patients with pulmonary tuberculosis at the Integrated Service Unit of the Pulmonary Central Hospital of North Sumatera. It was also found that the differences were significant when comparing the average level of hemoglobin before and after the intervention with a p value of 0.000. This study suggests that doctors and nurses play important roles in constructing patients’ knowledge and understanding on the importance of anemia prevention in order to improve community knowledge to use local resources to improve health outcomes. Keywords: anemia, biscuit, beetroot, tuberculosis
... Nirman Walker (2010) claimed that beetroot builds red corpuscles with betalain and adds tone to blood by increasing hemoglobin levels. The cost is low as compared to other iron-rich vegetables and it is easy to store (12). Thus, the aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of 6 weeks beetroot juice (Beta vulgaris L.) consumption on hematological parameters in female soccer players. ...
... In our study, hemoglobin levels significantly increased in the experimental group (P < 0.05), indicating the positive effects of beetroot juice on Hb levels. This finding is consistent with the studies conducted by Priya et al. (12), Nora (15) and Patel et al. (16), whereas the control group showed no significant change in Hb levels (P > 0.05). In this study, the experimental group had a significant increase in Hct levels as compared with the pretreatment control group. ...
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Abstract Background: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of consuming 6 weeks of beetroot juice (Beta vulgaris L.) on hematological parameters in female soccer players. Methods: Twenty female soccer players were selected randomly and assigned into two groups: Experimental (beetroot juice, n = 10) and control (placebo, n = 10). Subjects trained for six weeks (three 90-min sessions per week) by consuming 200 mL of juice 2 hours prior to training. Blood samples were collected and investigated (Hb, Hct, RBC, Iron, MCV, Ferritin and TIBC) in pre- and posttest. Paired Sample t-test and Independent Sample t-test were used for comparision within and between groups, respectively. Statistical significance was P�0.05. Results: Results showed that the experimental group had significant increases in the Hb, Hct, RBC, iron, and ferritin levels (P < 0.05). No significant difference was detected in MCV levels (t = -1.10, P = 0.29) and there was a significant decrease in the TIBC (t = 4.99, P = 0.001). In the control group, there were significant differences in (Hct, iron, ferritin and TIBC) (P < 0.05). In addition, there were significant differences in (Hb, Hct, RBC, iron, ferritin and TIBC) levels between experimental and control subjects (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in MCV (t = 1.11, P = 0.28). Conclusions: Since beetroot juice consumption has significant effects on the levels of some hematological parameters in female soccer players, it can be used to prevent and improve anemia among these athletes.
... Nirman Walker (2010) claimed that beetroot builds red corpuscles with betalain and adds tone to blood by increasing hemoglobin levels. The cost is low as compared to other iron-rich vegetables and it is easy to store (12). Thus, the aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of 6 weeks beetroot juice (Beta vulgaris L.) consumption on hematological parameters in female soccer players. ...
... In our study, hemoglobin levels significantly increased in the experimental group (P < 0.05), indicating the positive effects of beetroot juice on Hb levels. This finding is consistent with the studies conducted by Priya et al. (12), Nora (15) and Patel et al. (16), whereas the control group showed no significant change in Hb levels (P > 0.05). In this study, the experimental group had a significant increase in Hct levels as compared with the pretreatment control group. ...
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Full-text available
Background The present study aimed to investigate the effects of consuming 6 weeks of beetroot juice (Beta vulgaris L.) on hematological parameters in female soccer players. Methods Twenty female soccer players were selected randomly and assigned into two groups: Experimental (beetroot juice, n = 10) and control (placebo, n = 10). Subjects trained for six weeks (three 90-min sessions per week) by consuming 200 mL of juice 2 hours prior to training. Blood samples were collected and investigated (Hb, Hct, RBC, Iron, MCV, Ferritin and TIBC) in pre- and posttest. Paired Sample t-test and Independent Sample t-test were used for comparision within and between groups, respectively. Statistical significance was P ≤ 0.05. Results Results showed that the experimental group had significant increases in the Hb, Hct, RBC, iron, and ferritin levels (P < 0.05). No significant difference was detected in MCV levels (t = -1.10, P = 0.29) and there was a significant decrease in the TIBC (t = 4.99, P = 0.001). In the control group, there were significant differences in (Hct, iron, ferritin and TIBC) (P < 0.05). In addition, there were significant differences in (Hb, Hct, RBC, iron, ferritin and TIBC) levels between experimental and control subjects (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in MCV (t = 1.11, P = 0.28). Conclusions Since beetroot juice consumption has significant effects on the levels of some hematological parameters in female soccer players, it can be used to prevent and improve anemia among these athletes.
... Iron (Fe) in beetroots is a micro mineral which is mostly found in human body (Clifford et al., 2015;Neha et al., 2018). Based on a study on female adolescents in a state high school in Tamilnadu (Priya, 2013) found that providing beetroots for 20 days every morning significantly increased their hemoglobin level. ...
... It was the combination of these altered factors that contributed to resisting ionizing radiation. Along with the differentiation of HSCs, the level of hemoglobin was also found to increase which had a link to the improvement of anemia in adolescent girls (Priya et al., 2013). Additionally, beetroot was found to act as a UV protectant (Born et al., 2015). ...
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Previously, beetroot is mainly consumed as a food additive. In recent years, the beetroot, especially the betalains (betanin) and nitrates it contains, now has received increasing attention for their effective biological activity. Betalains have been proven to eliminate oxidative and nitrative stress by scavenging DPPH, preventing DNA damage, and reducing LDL. It also has been found to exert antitumor activity by inhibiting cell proliferation, angiogenesis, inducing cell apoptosis, and autophagy. In some chronic diseases, nitrate is the main component for lowing blood lipids, glucose, and pressure, while its role in treating hypertension and hyperglycemia has not been clearly stated. Moreover, the intake of nitrate-rich beetroot could enhance athletic performance and attenuate muscle soreness in certain types of exercise. The objective of this review is to provide sufficient evidence for the clarification of health benefits of beetroot, especially in the aspect of biooxidation, neoplastic diseases, some chronic diseases, and energy supplementation.
... Among the benefits of beetroot juice are the treatment of anemia by improving the ability of erythrocytes to carry oxygen, lowering blood pressure by dilating blood vessels and relaxing smooth muscles, preventing birth defects by increasing folate levels, etc. [55]. Compared to other vegetables with a high iron content, beets have a low price and are easy to store [56]. Consumption of 8 g of beets for 20 days induced an increase in Hb, ferritin, and serum iron levels, as well as a decrease in transferrin and total iron-binding capacity levels in seven women aged 22-24 years [57]. ...
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Anemia, characterized by a decrease of the hemoglobin level in the blood and a reduction in carrying capacity of oxygen, is a major public health problem which affects people of all ages. The methods used to treat anemia are blood transfusion and oral administration of iron-based supplements, but these treatments are associated with a number of side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, and stomach pain, which limit its long-term use. In addition, oral iron supplements are poorly absorbed in the intestinal tract, due to overexpression of hepcidin, a peptide hormone that plays a central role in iron homeostasis. In this review, we conducted an analysis of the literature on biologically active compounds and plant extracts used in the treatment of various types of anemia. The purpose of this review is to provide up-to-date information on the use of these compounds and plant extracts, in order to explore their therapeutic potential. The advantage of using them is that they are available from natural resources and can be used as main, alternative, or adjuvant therapies in many diseases, such as various types of anemia.
... Pemberian Jus Bit merah yang diberikan pada remaja putri dengan anemia di SMA negeri Chenai Tamilnadu, dilakukan pretest dan posttest pemeriksaan kadar hemoglobin. Jus Bit merah selama 20 hari pada pagi hari menunjukkan peningkatan kadar hemoglobin meningkat dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol (Priya, 2013). ...
... (lee et al., 2005). nirman walker claimed that Beetroots build red corpuscles with betalain and add tone to blood by increasing Hemoglobin levels (Priya et al., 2013). The Beetroot being a basic food with pH from 7.5 to 8 has been acclaimed for its medical advantages, specifically for its infection battling cancer prevention agent potential, huge measure of nutrient C and nutrients B1, B2, niacin, B6, B12 while the leaves are an astounding wellspring of nutrient A (Zielinnska-Przyjemska et al., 2009).Betanin acquired from the roots is utilized mechanically as red food shading to improve the shading and kind of tomato glue, sauces, sweets, sticks and jams, frozen yogurt, candy and breakfast grains among different applications (lock, grubben and denton, 2004 This result supports previous studies reporting that beetroot is an excellent source of iron (Biondo et al., 2014). ...
... Some of the benefits of beetroots are relaxing smooth muscles, and lowering blood pressure by dilating the blood vessel rising the oxygen level, improving the stamina by decreasing the oxygen during exercise, treating anemia by increasing the blood count and improving blood circulation and oxygen carrying capacity of erythrocytes (red blood cells), preventing birth defects by folate and folic acid, Vitamin B12 together with folic acid, is necessary to form red blood cells. Beetroot juice is particularly beneficial as an anemia remedy for children and teenagers, beetroot juice or beet as cooked vegetable in salad is highly beneficial in treating anemia (Gayathri Priya et al., 2013). Many explores demonstrated that beetroot could be added to improve the hemoglobin level in the blood. ...
... The red beet root (Beta vulgaris L.) is also an old folk medicine for anemia. Effect of beet juice on haemoglobin among adolescent girls were evaluated and found improvement in haemoglobin level (g%) from 10 to 12.67 [3] . Ethanolic extract of beet root effectively raised the level of haemoglobin and erythrocyte count at dose 200 mg/kg in phenyl hydrazine induced anemia in rat [4] .With respect to antioxidant activity or beet root, it ranked among the ten most potent antioxidant vegetables. ...
... Moreover, the presence of minerals in BVr, such as Mg, P and Fe (https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/ show/2863?manu=&fgcd=&ds=), is useful for bone health (Pietrzkowski et al., 2010) and counteracts anemia (Priya et al., 2013). ...
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To estimate the prevalence of anemia among adolescent females and to study the socio-demographic factors associated with anemia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in an urban area under Urban Health Training Center, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur. A total of 296 adolescent females (10-19 years old) were included in this study. The study took place from October 2002 to March 2003 (6 months). Statistical analyses were done using percentage, standard error of proportion, Chi-square test, and Student's 't' test. The prevalence of anemia was found to be 35.1%. A significant association of anemia was found with socio-economic status and literacy status of parents. Mean height and weight of subjects with anemia was significantly less than subjects without anemia. A high prevalence of anemia among adolescent females was found, which was higher in the lower socio-economic strata and among those whose parents were less educated. It was seen that anemia affects the overall nutritional status of adolescent females.
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Nutritional anemia is one of India's major public health problems. The prevalence of anemia ranges from 33% to 89% among pregnant women and is more than 60% among adolescent girls. Under the anemia prevention and control program of the Government of India, iron and folic acid tablets are distributed to pregnant women, but no such program exists for adolescent girls. To assess the status of anemia among pregnant women and adolescent girls from 16 districts of 11 states of India. A two-stage random sampling method was used to select 30 clusters on the basis of probability proportional to size. Anemia was diagnosed by estimating the hemoglobin concentration in the blood with the use of the indirect cyanmethemoglobin method. The survey data showed that 84.9% of pregnant women (n = 6,923) were anemic (hemoglobin < 110 g/L); 13.1% had severe anemia (hemoglobin < 70 g/L), and 60.1% had moderate anemia (hemoglobin > or = 70 to 100 g/L). Among adolescent girls (n = 4,337)from 16 districts, the overall prevalence of anemia (defined as hemoglobin < 120 g/L) was 90.1%, with 7.1% having severe anemia (hemoglobin < 70 g/L). Any intervention strategy for this population must address not only the problem of iron deficiency, but also deficiencies of other micronutrients, such as B12 and folic acid and other possible causal factors.
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Anemia is a major public health problem in young children and pregnant women in SouthEast Asia, but a paucity of data on anemia in adolescent girls in India. Studies are lacking on the entire non-school going adolescent population. To determine the prevalence of anemia in non-school going adolescent girls and the association between hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and socioeconomic and nutritional factors. A cross-sectional community study conducted on a sample of 1937 healthy adolescent girls aged 11-19 years from three districts of Orissa, India. Sample size was determined using a probability proportionate to size cluster sampling. The adolescent girls were interviewed and anthropometric measurements were collected. The Hb estimation was carried out in capillary blood samples using the cyanmethemoglobin method. Anemia and nutritional status were evaluated according to standard procedures. The mean Hb concentration was 9.7 +/- 1.4 g/dL (range, 4.5-13.4 g/dL). Of the total adolescent girls, 1869 (96.5%) were anemic (Hb < 12.0 g/dL), of which, 45.2%, 46.9% and 4.4% had mild, moderate, and severe anemia, respectively. A significant curvilinear relation was found between Hb concentration and age, with the nadir of the curve occurring in the 12-14 years age group. Girls from Bargarh district had significantly lower mean Hb levels than those from the Jajpur and Khurda districts. Significant positive associations were found between Hb concentration and pre-menarche, community, education levels of girls and their parents' family income, body mass index, and mid-upper arm circumference. This study revealed that prevalence of anemia was extremely high in non-school going adolescent girls (most were moderately anemic) and stressed the need for more research and public health interventions.
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The circulatory levels of hemoglobin and the frequency of anemia were determined in a representative sample of children with a mean age of 6.7 years. A random sample of 500 children of the city of Durango was studied. Durango has an altitude of 1893 m above sea level. The mean value of hemoglobin was 12.57 g/100 ml, with a range of 9.4 to 15.0 and a SE of 0.05. There was no difference statistically significant between the sexes. Considering 12.0 as the lower normal limit for hemoglobin values, it was found that 16% of the children were anemic, 49% of the anemic children were iron deficient, with iron serum levels of less than 60 ug/100 ml. The relationship between anemia and number of living children, birth order and weight was established. The frequency of anemia was higher among children coming from families with 4 or more living children.
Experimental study on effectiveness of beetroot juice on level of anemia among adolescent girls. Unpublished dissertation
  • Ammu
Ammu(2010) Experimental study on effectiveness of beetroot juice on level of anemia among adolescent girls. Unpublished dissertation.Dr.M.G.R University, Tamilnadu
Effectiveness of beetroot extract upon anemia among adolescent girls
  • Sherin Nithya
Sherin Nithya(2009) Effectiveness of beetroot extract upon anemia among adolescent girls. Unpublished Dissertation.Dr.M.G.R University, Tamil Nadu.
Iron deficiency anemia,Assessment prevention and control.A guide for programme managers NHD/ 01
World Health Organization(2001).Iron deficiency anemia,Assessment prevention and control.A guide for programme managers NHD/ 01.http://www.who.com.