Myanmar, without a doubt, is one of the most ethnically diverse and complex countries in the world—with its draconian administration, it has encountered complex and often violent and brutal conflicts between the central government and ethnic minority groups for several decades. However, recently, under the Thien Sein administration, it has announced that decentralization will be a priority—power to the local administrations. Kokang Special Region (KSR) is no exception. The Chinese community in this region already enjoys a high degree of autonomy, with a strong and vibrant economy—a state within a state. Such autonomy has been sought by other ethnic minorities, but they have yet to achieve it.