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Clinical Nursing 2016
November 21-22, 2016
Volume 5 Issue 9(Suppl)J Nurs Care
ISSN: 2167-1168 JNC, an open access journal
November 21-22, 2016 Melbourne, Australia
16th Clinical Nursing & Nurse Education Conference
J Nurs Care 2016, 5:9(Suppl)
Nurses’ knowledge of diabetes in developed and developing countries
University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Background: With a rising prevalence of diabetes world-wide, nurses have an important role in care of people with diabetes.
To be able to eectively support patients’ self-management, nurses require a comprehensive understanding of all aspects of
diabetes care and treatment.
Objective: is study aimed to critically appraise and synthesis the best available evidence of nurses’ knowledge related to
diabetes care, and to identify barriers to knowledge acquisition.
Design: Integrative review
Methods: We conducted a systematic search for English-language, peer reviewed quantitative, qualitative and mixed method
publications via CINAHL, Medline, EMBASE, and Education Research Complete databases between 2004 and 2014. A total of
374 articles were retrieved. Aer removal of duplicates and quality assessment, 25 studies were included in the review.
Results: e reviewed studies originated from ve continents, mainly from developed countries, and used a variety of study
designs and tools to assess nurses’ knowledge of diabetes. Aspects of diabetes care assessed included nurses’ knowledge
of: diabetes medications (12 studies), nutrition (7), blood glucose monitoring (8), diabetes complications (6), pathology,
symptoms and diabetes management (9); factors/barriers aecting nurses’ diabetes knowledge were described (11). Synthesis
of the articles based on study designs, objectives, and country of origin and assessment tools indicated that overall, substantial
proportions of nurse in many countries and healthcare settings have suboptimal knowledge about diabetes and diabetes care.
Conclusion: is review indicates that the nursing workforce internationally may experience signicant knowledge decits in
various aspects of diabetes care, a particular problem given the rising prevalence of this disease world-wide. Nursing programs
should review their opportunities for knowledge and skills acquisition related to diabetes care in academic and workplace
settings both for introductory and continuing education and invest in educational innovation to maintain currency and up skill
the workforce for this essential topic.