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A test of Myers - Briggs type indicator in health professions: A literature review

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Abstract

Myers - Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) has been widely used in medical education in specialty choice, academic achievement, academic performance appraisals and management research. The objective of this review is to study the literature on the application of MBTI in health professions. In this review, it has been found that MBTI mostly used in specialty choice but with the assurance, it cannot be said that in medical education which personality type performs better, and in a specific specialty and subspecialty which personality type predicts student's interest. In general, the MBTI does not seem to be a valuable tool in predicting specialty choice, academic performance and academic achievement in medical school and in predicting physician and other health professions job satisfaction.

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... 7 Each of these types has a letter, which are all combined into a four-letter personality type. 8 The Extraversion-Introversion dichotomy characterizes how people become energized: those who get energy from the outer world of activity, people, and interactions (Extraversion) or those who get energy from the inner world of thoughts, emotions, and reflection (Introversion). 7 The Sensing-Intuition dichotomy describes what people pay attention to and how people gather information-namely, information based on facts and reality (Sensing) or information based on the big picture, patterns, and connections (Intuition). ...
... While no one temperament is considered better than another, it is anticipated that certain types are better fits for certain contexts. 8 The combination of Intuition (N) and Thinking (T) or NT was found to be the highest predictor for strong assertive communication types. Such a combination appeared to be associated with argumentative personality types. ...
... 9 In the medical field, the MBTI has been used to assess specialty choice and academic achievement. 8 Even though the MBTI has been widely used to assess student achievement in the medical field, not a lot of research has been conducted about the field of pathology and laboratory medicine. 8 One study from 1976 found that pathologists tended to prefer the Introversion, Intuition, and Thinking dimensions. ...
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... 23 However, more recent studies have since found that the family medicine specialty is chosen more frequently by those who score highly in the feeling trait compared to the thinking trait. 22,24 Certain limitations were present within the current study. Only junior doctors who applied to different OMSB residency programmes were targeted; as such, the study did not include the perspectives of medical students which would be an important addition to strengthen interest in the family medicine programme and encourage admissions. ...
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... However, the MBTI as a measure of gauging appropriateness of the prospective profession with the personality type of the dental students is not without limitations. Although the literature shows that MBTI has been comprehensively used in the health and paramedical sciences, an extensive variation of personality types has been observed [43]. As the Philippines is rich and diverse with culture owing to its archipelagic structure, the appropriateness of the MBTI in various Filipino cultures or regions should be further studied [44]. ...
Article
Full-text available
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