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Self-Presentation 2.0: Narcissism and Self-Esteem on Facebook

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... Rezultati belgijske studije koja je nastojala objasniti mehanizme u podlozi veze društvenih mreža i negativnih ishoda na psihičko zdravlje 1 235 adolescenata, pokazali su kako su depresivni simptomi bili čimbenik ranjivosti za vršnjačku viktimizaciju na Facebook-u, ali obrnuta veza nije bila značajna (9). Socijalna usporedba se pokazala kao važan konstrukt, točnije uzlazna socijalna usporedba je potencirala štetnost uporabe Facebook-a na subjektivnu dobrobit pojedinca (10)(11)(12)(13)(14). ...
... The results of a Belgian study that tried to explain the mechanisms underlying the connection between social networks and negative outcomes on mental health in 1 235 adolescents showed that depressive symptoms were a factor of peer victimization on Facebook, but the inverse relationship was not significant (9). Social comparison was shown to be an important construct, namely that upward social comparison was an exacerbating factor for the harmfulness of Facebook use on the subjective wellbeing of individuals (10)(11)(12)(13)(14). ...
... (21) su u svom istraživanju dobili rezultate koji ukazuju da kognitivni stilovi i različita ponašanja adolescenata i mladih na društvenim mrežama imaju štetnije posljedice na psihičko zdravlje od same frekvencije i količine vremena provedenog na društvenim mrežama (Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, Twitter, Tumblr), čemu idu u prilog i nalazi drugih istraživanja (22)(23)(24). Medijatori i moderatori veze između učestalosti uporabe društvenih mreža i ishoda na psihičku dobrobit pojedinca koji se smatraju značajnim rizičnim faktorima su socijalna usporedba, kvaliteta prijateljstava, ruminacija, samopoštovanje, motivacija, samoregulacija i očekivanja (10)(11)(12)(13)(14)(15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20)(21)(22)(23)(24)(25)(26)(27)(28). ...
Article
Social networks are virtual spaces currently connecting over 3.8 billion users worldwide. The number of users and the number of different social networks is constantly growing, which indicates that technology-mediated daily life has become an integral part of life in the 21st century. It is indubitable that there are many advantages to technological progress, but the question remains whether the use of social networks necessarily contributes to the wellbeing and quality of life of every individual. Over the last decade, a growing number of studies have attempted to clarify the connection between the use of social networks and mental health. In the context of social networks, the most-studied factor is the subjective assessment of time spent on social networks and the type of social network use in those periods (active/passive use). In the context of mental health, the anxiety and depression have been most extensively studied, while self-esteem, fear of missing out, social comparison, and loneliness have shown themselves to be mediators/moderators in the association between social networks and mental health. However, it is extremely important to place existing research in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. This review article presents the main findings in this field with the clear conclusion that further longitudinal and experimental studies are required to clarify the causal direction of this relationship and the potential protective and risk factors, especially in the context of the alterations in the importance of social networks in maintaining social contacts during the pandemic.
... Research concluded that there was a positive relationship between narcissism and usage of a SNS (Mehdizadeh, 2010;Ryan and Xenos, 2011), but there were different findings that found narcissism unrelated to the amount of time spent on SNSs (Ryan and Xenos, 2011;Bergman et al., 2011;Gentile et al.;2012). McKinney et al., (2012) and Ljepava, N. et al., (2013) found that narcissism was positively related to the number of, and desire to have, many SNS friends as having many friends is an easy way to show their popularity and importance (Bergman et al., 2011). ...
... There are mixed findings regarding the association between selfesteem and the use of social networking sites. In a study conducted by Mehdizadeh (2010), university students with low self-esteem were found to spend more time on Facebook, especially those with higher narcissism scores as they engaged in more selfpromotional activities on Facebook. This came in line with Ellison et al. (2007) as they found low self-esteem students using Facebook to build social capital to compensate for their low self-esteem. ...
... Another Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to assess the impact of the personal traits, attitudes towards Facebook, motivations of Facebook use and Education variables on Active Facebook Use. Buffardi and Campbell, 2008;Mehdizadeh, 2010;Ryan and Xenos, 2011;Bergman et al., 2011;Carpenter, C. J., 2012 andLee et al., 2014. The current study showed also a correlation between narcissism and writing posts (r=.18, ...
... Kişilik özellikleri ile sosyal medya bağımlılığının araştırıldığı birtakım araştırmalarda narsisizm ile pozitif yönde ilişkinin olduğu vurgulanmakta olup bu kişilerin sosyal medyada daha fazla içerik paylaşarak kendini gösterme eğiliminde oldukları belirtilmektedir (Buffardi & Campbell, 2008;Mehdizadeh, 2010;Tarhan, 2020c). Bu araştırmalarda özellikle ileri derecedeki narsist kişilerin sosyal ağlarda daha aktif olma durumu sosyal ağların kişiyi kendi özbenliği ile özdeşleştiği şekilde sunabilme fırsatı vermesiyle açıklanmaktadır. ...
... Narsisizmin artışı, bağımlılığı pozitif yönde etkilemektedir. Diğer araştırmalarda belirtildiği gibi narsistik kişilerin sayfalarında daha çok fotoğraf paylaşması ve kendini ifşa etme eğiliminin yüksek olması ile kendini iyi hissetme arasındaki pozitif ilişki, kişilerin sosyal medya kullanımı azaldığında mutsuzluğa sürükleneceklerini göstermektedir (Amichai-Hamburger & Vinitzky, 2010;Bozkurt, 2018;Çakır, 2018;Mehdizadeh, 2010;Tarhan, 2020c, Tutgun-Ünal, 2020a. Bu bağlamda araştırmada yer alan "sosyal medya kullanımı benim mutsuzluğumu arttırıyor" ifadesine de katılım orta seviyenin üzerinde bulunmuştur. ...
... incelendiğinde sosyal medya bağımlılığı araştırmalarının tanı koyma ve bağımlılığı psikometrik olarak ölçebilecek çok boyutlu ölçek geliştirme(Andreasses, 2012(Andreasses, , 2015 Karaiskos vd., 2010; Tutgun-Ünal, 2015 Tutgun-Ünal, , 2020a Van Den Einjden vd., 2016), sosyal medya bağımlılığı ile diğer bağımlılık türleri arasındaki ilişkileri inceleme(Müller vd., 2010), sosyal medya bağımlılığı ile kişilikleri inceleme(Amichai-Hamburger & Vinitzky, 2010;Bozkurt, 2018;Lee, Lee & Kwon, 2011;Mehdizadeh, 2010; Wilson, Fornasier & White, 2010), sosyal medya kullanıcılarını, kullanım alışkanlıklarını ve tercihlerini inceleme(Akyazı & Tutgun-Ünal, 2013;Asbury & Hall, 2013;Karal & Kokoç, 2010;Tutgun-Ünal, 2019b; Tutgun-Ünal & Deniz, 2020a, 2020bTutgun-Ünal & Köroğlu, 2013), sosyal medya kullanımının olumsuz sonuçlarını inceleme(Andreassen, 2012;Deniz & Gürültü, 2018;Tutgun-Ünal & Deniz, 2016, 2020a, 2020b Tutgun-Ünal, 2015Tutgun-Ünal, , 2019a Tutgun-Ünal, , 2020a Usluel & Mazman, 2009) ile sosyal medya bağımlılığının belirleyicileri ve ek tanıları(Bozkurt, 2018;Griffiths, 2005;Kuss & Griffiths, 2011; Ross vd., 2011; Tarhan & Nurmedov, 2019; Tutgun, Deniz & Moon, 2011; Yılmazsoy & Kahraman, 2017) konularında yürütüldüğü görülmektedir. ...
Chapter
“Bilişim Teknolojileri ve İletişim: Birey ve Toplum Güvenliği” adlı çalışma; TÜBA-Bilişim Teknolojileri ve İletişim Çalışma Grubu öncülüğünde Boğaziçi Üniversitesi’nde gerçekleştirilen “Bilişim Teknolojisi ve İletişim: İnternet ve Toplumsal Etkileri” başlıklı çalıştayın ardından hazırlanan çok sayıda bilim insanı ve alanında uzman isimlerin kaleme aldığı tespit, öngörü ve analizlerinden oluşuyor. TÜBA’nın “bilimsel konular ve bilimsel önceliklerin saptanması amacıyla incelemelerde bulunmak ve danışmanlık yapma” görevi kapsamında yayımlanan eser, bilişim teknolojilerindeki değişim ve dönüşümün bilim insanları tarafından kapsamlı ve multidisipliner bakış açısıyla ele alıyor.
... Furthermore, research also showed that youthfulness and physical attractiveness may be more important characteristics of women's than of men's considerations because these serve as indicators of underlying qualities of fertility and genetic fitness. Lastly, gender difference seems to appears in a study by Mehdizadeh (2010) that claimed a focus of women on self-promotion through their photos while men displayed more selfpromotional information in the -about me‖ and -notes‖ section of their profile. ...
... Furthermore, deceptive self-promotions that are gender-based are projected not only to be competitive (Mehdizadeh, 2010;Ali Alassiri, Muda and Ghazali, 2014) but also to increase the likelihood of extending the hook up to an offline activity. This is because, in this study, Tinder users agreed that personal meet-ups are arranged as one of the many goals of the Tinder encounters. ...
... Findings also run parallel with the claims of Ellison (2007, 2008) Results of this study, however, countered the hypothesis that women are more likely to lie about their physical attractiveness (Toma, Hancock, Ellison, 2007;Hancock and Toma, 2009;Mehdizadeh, 2010). Perhaps the reason why more male Tinder users have lied about their physical attributes than females is because this dating app is not only about presenting and deceiving but also about using attractiveness to win the game of getting more swipes from potential partners. ...
Article
Full-text available
Self-presentation and deceptive presentation contribute to how one communicates in Tinder. In this study, the researchers explored how 200 Tinder users present themselves in the online platform. Using Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Regression Analysis, this study revealed significant relationships between self-presentation and deception motives to online dating communication behaviors. Moreover, findings have shown that there is a significant difference between male and female self-presentations, deception presentation, and behaviors. The study concludes that positive self-presentation and negative deception presentations are used by Tinder users in order for them to be positively swiped and liked in Tinder.
... Ideea potrivit căreia relațiile interpesonale ale narcisicilor au ca scop reglarea stimei de sine ocupă un loc central în majoritatea modelelor teoretice (Mehdizadeh, 2010 (Mehdizadeh, 2010). În al doilea rând, rețelele de socializare sunt medii înalt controlate ce permit utilizatorului putere deplină asurpra auto-prezentării (Buffardi & Campbell, 2008), inclusiv posibilitatea creării unei identități false. ...
... Ideea potrivit căreia relațiile interpesonale ale narcisicilor au ca scop reglarea stimei de sine ocupă un loc central în majoritatea modelelor teoretice (Mehdizadeh, 2010 (Mehdizadeh, 2010). În al doilea rând, rețelele de socializare sunt medii înalt controlate ce permit utilizatorului putere deplină asurpra auto-prezentării (Buffardi & Campbell, 2008), inclusiv posibilitatea creării unei identități false. ...
... (Malik și Khan, 2015). O altă concluzie importantă a studiului (Malik și Khan (2015) este faptul că stima de sine se asociază negativ cu adicția față de rețelele de socializare (a se vedea și Mehdizadeh, 2010). Un rezultat similar a fost obținut și de Mehdizadeh (2010), studiul ei concluzionând că narcisiștii au tendința de a fi mai activi pe rețelele de socializare comparativ cu persoanele care nu prezintă un nivel ridicat al naricisismului. ...
Thesis
Full-text available
Asistăm, fără îndoială, la o schimbare de paradigmă în ceea ce privește modul în care relaționăm în viața de zi cu zi. Aceste schimbări se datorează, în mare măsură, accesului universal la internet și creșterii exponențiale a utilizatorilor platformelor social-media din ultimele două decenii. Dacă în 2008, la 2 ani după ce platforma și-a deschis porțile pentru public, Facebook înregistra aproximativ 100 de milioane de accesări lunare (Ortiz-Ospina, 2019), astăzi, acest număr se ridică la 2.7 miliarde (statista.com, 2021; omnicoreagency.com, 2021). Fără îndoială, popularitatea platformelor social-media a schimbat lumea, utilizarea lor producând efecte vizibile pe toate planurile existențiale, de la simpla modalitatea de a păstra legătura cu familia sau prietenii, până la schimbarea regimurilor politice. Magnitutidinea gradului de utilizare a platformelor social-media a atras după sine creșterea interesului comunității științifice, fiind evidențiată, printre altele, necesitatea identificării proceselor psihologice care stau la baza comportamentelor excesive sau disfuncționale, în vederea definirii acestora (Kardefelt-Winther et al., 2017, apud Boursier et al., 2020). Unul dintre cele mai răspândite comportamente observate în cadrul social-media este postarea selfie-urilor, sau a autoportretelor digitale realizate, în general, cu ajutorul aparatului foto integrat al dispozitivului smart-phone (OED, 2013, apud Frosh, 2015). Cercetările recente în domeniu au descris acest comportament ca fiind o metodă facilă pentru indivizi de a-și atinge scopurile narcisice de auto-pomovare și captare a atenției (Boursier et al., 2020). Având ca puncte de plecare observațiile menționate mai sus, studiul de față a explorat în ce măsură nevoia de validare în social-media se asociază cu nivelul narcisismului (H1), dacă frecvența postării selfie-urilor se asociază cu nevoia de validare (H2) și în ce măsură satisfacerea sau nesatisfacerea acestei nevoi impactează stima de sine a narcisicilor. Pentru a evalua nevoia de validare în spațiul social-media, a fost creat un instrument nou, Scala nevoii de validare în social-media [SNVS], acesta demonstrând calități psihometrice bune, determinându-se o consistență internă bună (alfa Cronbach = .80). Rezultatele sprijină în proporție satisfăcătoate ipotezele formulate, dezvăluind asocieri semnificative statistic între variabilele studiate. Nu au fost găsite, în schimb, asocieri semnificative în ceea ce privește satisfacerea nevoii de validare și stima de sine a indivizilor, motivul posibil fiind explicat în Secțiunea a II-a a lucrării de față. Au fost verificate, de asemenea, diferențele de gen sau de alt tip (e.g. platforma social-media utilizată), fiind prezentate concluziile relevante pentru acest studiu. Actualul studiu este structurat în trei părți. În prima parte sunt trecute în revistă în mod exhaustiv principalele teorii care descriu și definesc variabilele studiate, fiind menționate totodată direcțiile cercetărilor actuale referitoare la acestea. Partea a II-a reprezintă descrierea activității de cercetatre și a rezultatelor obținute, alături de interpretarea cantitativă și calitativă a acestora, fiind de asemenea menționate limitele identificate. În ultima parte a lucrării este propus un plan de intervenție psihoterapeutic, conceput în acord cu implicațiile teoretice și practice referitoare la tema studiată.
... The current study also sheds some light on the conflicting results of previous studies. For example, some studies show that Facebook uses associated with low self-esteem (e.g., Denti et al., 2012;Mehdizadeh, 2010), other studies found just the opposite (e.g., Toma, 2013;Toma and Hancock, 2013;Yu et al., 2010). In light of these conflicting results, Ashwini and Hofmann (2012) conclude that the association between Facebook usage and self-esteem is complicated and possibly moderated by various factors. ...
... 'Self-esteem' refers to a person's overall self-evaluation of his/her worth (Weiten, 2007;Nie and Sundar, 2013). Researchers found an inverse association between Facebook usage and self-esteem (Denti et al., 2012;Mehdizadeh, 2010); implying that the higher the Facebook usage, the lower the self-esteem. Lower self-esteem is related to self-monitoring in public presentations (i.e., Facebook posts), these people are concerned about what other's posts say about them on Facebook (Nie and Sundar, 2013), and usually, they tend to take other's negative comments to heart (Fenigstein et al., 1975). ...
... Envy was measured with a five-point modified Likert scale (1 'never' to 5 'always') taken from Taylor et al. (2016). We measured self-esteem with a 10-item scale adopted from Rosenberg (1965) and Mehdizadeh (2010). Items were coded on a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). ...
... To the best of our knowledge, research is still needed to examine the association between self-esteem and selfie editing. However, a study focused on the posting of self-promoting content online shows that women aged 18 to 25 who are low in self-esteem post more selfpromoting photos than those high with self-esteem (Mehdizadeh, 2010). As people self-present online by posting selfies (Fox & Rooney, 2015) and selfie editing increases the self-promotional value of a selfie, we expect self-esteem to be negatively associated with selfie editing. ...
... In showing that low self-esteem increases selfie editing in teenage girls, our findings extend knowledge on the drivers of selfierelated behaviors in young females. Previous research has shown no association between self-esteem and selfie posting (Sorokowska et al., 2016) but instead a negative association between self-esteem and the posting of self-promoting content online in young women (Mehdizadeh, 2010). Coupled with our findings in support of the latter study, the evidence suggests that while young females may post selfies to maintain their self-esteem, the editing of selfies may rather be a consequence of a need to self-present online to enhance their self-esteem (Leary & Kowalski, 1990). ...
Article
We build on the limited research on selfie editing by studying novel drivers and consequences of it. We study the psychological self-conscious drivers self-esteem, body comparison with peers and models/celebrities, and cybervictimization. We also study social media addiction and life satisfaction as consequences of selfie-editing. We test our hypotheses using survey data gathered from a nationally representative sample of female teenagers in Uruguay (n = 233), a country with levels of internet penetration comparable to those of Germany and Singapore. Our findings suggest that low self-esteem and cybervictimization are positively associated with selfie editing. However, only body comparison tendencies with peers – rather than models or celebrities – lead to more selfie editing. Finally, we show that selfie editing is positively associated with social media addiction and negatively associated with life satisfaction, yet only for teens with higher body-image discrepancy.
... In the same way, if Facebook is used to boost self-esteem, those with low selfesteem might find using Facebook more rewarding than those with high selfesteem, since Facebook brings a larger margin of gratification to the former. As previous research has found, those low in self-esteem spend a greater amount of time on Facebook (Kalpidou, Costin, & Morris 2011;Mehdizadeh, 2010), have a higher frequency of logins or updates on their Facebook page (Mehdizadeh, 2010), accumulate a larger number of Facebook friends (Lee, et al. 2012), and include more strangers on their Facebook page than those with high self-esteem (Acar, 2008). Therefore, they are more likely to feel anxious if their access to Facebook is denied. ...
... In the same way, if Facebook is used to boost self-esteem, those with low selfesteem might find using Facebook more rewarding than those with high selfesteem, since Facebook brings a larger margin of gratification to the former. As previous research has found, those low in self-esteem spend a greater amount of time on Facebook (Kalpidou, Costin, & Morris 2011;Mehdizadeh, 2010), have a higher frequency of logins or updates on their Facebook page (Mehdizadeh, 2010), accumulate a larger number of Facebook friends (Lee, et al. 2012), and include more strangers on their Facebook page than those with high self-esteem (Acar, 2008). Therefore, they are more likely to feel anxious if their access to Facebook is denied. ...
... Słowa kluczowe: portale społecznościowe (SNS), młodzież, cechy osobowości who had high extroversion and self-esteem scores showed a higher level of gregariousness and were members of a larger number of Facebook interest groups, compared to introverts [11,12]. People who have few offline friends usually compensate for their introversion, limited number of social interactions, low self-esteem and low life satisfaction by using Facebook [13][14][15][16]. Orr et al. [17] believe that Facebook and MySpace give shy people the opportunity to engage in social interactions that they might otherwise avoid. ...
... Użytkownicy Facebooka z wysokim poziomem ekstrawersji, którzy wyrażają wysoki poziom poczucia własnej wartości wykazywali wyższy stopień towarzyskości oraz byli członkami większej liczby grup zainteresowań na Facebooku, w porównaniu z introwertykami [11,12]. Osoby z bardzo małą liczbą kontaktów offline zazwyczaj kompensują swoją introwersję, ograniczoną liczbę relacji społecznych, niską samoocenę i niską satysfakcję z życia, korzystając z Facebooka [13,14,15,16]. Orr i wsp. ...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In recent years, social networking sites (SNS), such as Facebook, Twitter or Instagram have gained immense popularity and have become an essential part of many people’s everyday lives. In Poland, 19 million people, i.e. about a half of the whole population, are active SNS users. Aim: The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship of family and personality factors with daily SNS usage time in adolescents aged 14 to 19 years. Participants: The study included 291 junior-high and high school students aged 14–19 years. In this sample, 246 individuals had an SNS profile. Methods: The following instruments were used: an Inquiry Form designed by the present authors, Gough and Heilbrun’s Adjective Check List, the Coping with Stress Questionnaire by Janke, Erdmann and Boucsein and the Buss and Durkee Hostility-Guilt Inventory. Results: Based on correlation coefficients, significant associations were found between increased daily SNS usage and negative relationships with parents, maladaptive coping, and increased aggression. Conclusions: 1. Participants who spent more time using SNS were more likely to feel lonely in their families and have a sense of not being accepted and understood by their parents. 2. Young people who spent more time using SNS were more likely to respond to a stressful situation with a sense of helplessness and resignation and to cope by downplaying their problems and seeking substitute gratification or support. 3. Young people who spent more time using SNS were more likely to respond with indirect aggression, negativism, suspicion, hostility and verbal aggression.
... SNS offers individuals a platform to communicate, which may modify or maintain their SE as regulated by both reflected appraisal, how individuals perceive others think about them, and social comparison, either upward or downward. Past studies suggested that more usage on Facebook or SNS was associated with lower SE [11]; more depression and anxiety [12]. In addition, frequent Facebook users also reported poorer trait SE, and this was mediated by exposure to upward social comparisons on SNS [13]. ...
... Three studies involving three independent Chinese populations from Hong Kong, China, were conducted. A three-study design was used here, because when we started conceptualizing studying the mechanism between time spent on SNS and depression, we first would like to test if SE would be a mediator, as past research suggested that SNS usage was associated with lower SE [11] and more depression and anxiety [12] in Study 1. Extending on this thought of looking for a mediator between SNS usage and depression, we further tested if FoMO would be another mediator in Study 2, as past studies also suggested FoMO was positively correlated with SNS usage and more depression [15][16][17]. Finally, we tested if both SE and FoMO mediated SNS usage and depression in Study 3. ...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the study was to understand the mechanisms of how social networking sites (SNS) usage is related to depression symptoms, as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CESD). Three studies were conducted to examine the mediation roles of self-esteem and Fear of Missing Out (FoMO). In Study 1, among 347 Chinese college students, time spent on SNS was negatively associated with self-esteem; while self-esteem then negatively associated with depression symptoms. In Study 2, among 180 Chinese college students, time spent on SNS was positively related to FoMO; while FoMO then positively related to depression symptoms. In Study 3, among 233 Chinese university students, both self-esteem and FoMO were simultaneously included in the mediation model to test their respective roles in explaining depression symptoms. Results showed that more time spent on SNS was related to lower self-esteem, and higher FoMO, respectively; while self-esteem then negatively, and FoMO then positively, explained depression symptoms, respectively. In addition, when participants spent 3.5 h (Study 1), 2.5 h (Study 2), and 2.54 h (Study 3) on SNS, they reached the cutoff for subthreshold depression, as measured by CESD. Combining results from three studies, both self-esteem and FoMO mediated the relation between SNS usage and depression symptoms. This study provides implications to understand the mechanism of SNS-related depression.
... Prior application to both media use (Rosengren, 1974) and social behavior (Aspendorpf & Wilpers, 1998), the groundwork was laid for use of the Big Five model to examine how people use social networking sites (e.g., Amichai-Hamburger, 2002;Amichai-Hamburger & Vinitzky, 2010;Buffardi & Campbell, 2008;Correa, Hinsley & de Zúñiga, 2010;Mehdizadeh, 2010;Orr et al., 2009;Ross et al., 2009;Ryan & Xenos, 2011;Sheldon, 2008;Skues et al., 2012), and is one of the most frequently-used models for media use and personality studies (e.g., Ehrenberg, Juckes, White & Walsh, 2008;Landers & Lounsbury, 2006;Swickert, Hittner, Harris & Herring, 2002;Tuten & Bosnjak, 2001). The relationship between the Big Five personality traits and Facebook, in particular, has been examined thoroughly, and two of the most-cited studies of this type are those by Ross et al. (2009) andAmichai-Hamburger andVinitzky (2010). ...
... Second, the reliabilities on several of the core measures were less than the requisite .7 needed for the proper alpha coefficient. While several previous authors have effectively incorporated these measures (Mark & Ganzach, 2014;Mehdizadeh, 2010;Seidman, 2013), the effectiveness of the paired item scales for each of the Big Five personality traits is, indeed, problematic. Reducing to single-item scales was ineffective for the present study; thus, future research should endeavor to explore whether the paired-item personality scales are effectively capturing personality-oriented feelings and traits. ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study examined motivations individuals have for using Social TV and looked at the relationship between personality traits and Social TV use. Extending upon previous work on the Big Five, Facebook, and Social TV by examining the relationship between belonging and self-presentation that was proposed by Nadkarni and Hofmann (2012) and extended by Seidman (2013). A survey was used to examine the motivations respondents (N = 311) have for using Social TV via Facebook and Twitter, how they presented themselves through social media when talking about a television program, the Big Five Personality traits (Gosling, Rentfrow & Swann, 2003), how using Social TV might tie into individual’s psychological need for belongingness (Baumeister & Leary, 1995; Nadkarni & Hoffman, 2012), and how using Social TV might be motivated by the need for self-expression and self-disclosure (Nadkarni & Hoffman, 2012; Seidman, 2013; 2014; Sun & Wu, 2012). The primary results of a multivariate multiple regression analysis indicate that Social TV use was positively predicted by neuroticism (p = .046) and negatively predicted by conscientiousness (p = .001).
... Os sujeitos da pesquisa mostraram maior tendência a usar recursos implícitos. Além disso, a identidade que tentam construir é aquela "almejada possível", socialmente desejável, não a totalmente idealizada, conclusão corroborada por Mehdizadeh (2010). Verificaram, porém, que a maior parte dos sujeitos não tinha, nas relações presenciais, todas as características que parecia ter na rede. ...
... Um dos resultados a que se chegou é que sujeitos constroem imagens de si nas redes sociais que não têm, aparentemente, relação manifesta com o que estão sentindo sobre estarem desempregados, e que eles selecionam e retocam a forma como se apresentam nessas redes. Tal processo de construção de imagens de si, distintas ou retocadas, da vida presencial confirma os resultados de outras pesquisas, ainda que não se refiram a desempregados (Bazarova et al., 2013;Chua & Chang, 2016;Fox & Vendemia, 2016;Guo, 2015;Marder et al., 2016;Mehdizadeh, 2010;Olivier, 2011;Rosa, 2012;Uski & Lampinen, 2016;Zhao et al., 2008). ...
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Na dinâmica pós-moderna, segundo uma leitura lacaniana, o desejo de reconhecimento, por parte dos sujeitos, é elemento fundamental na relação com o outro. São estimulados a gozar narcisicamente e impelidos a vender-se constantemente para conquistar seu lugar nesta sociedade do espetáculo. As redes sociais virtuais são um dos palcos pós-modernos em que isso se dá. O presente estudo visava responder à questão de como tal dinâmica seria, no Facebook e no LinkedIn, para indivíduos em situação de desemprego. Dado que essa condição é socialmente desvalorizada, representando uma ferida narcísica para muitos sujeitos, o objetivo foi apreender que discursos manifestos e inconscientes eles produzem nessas redes sociais virtuais. A abordagem adotada foi qualitativa e o método utilizado foi a netnografia. A principal conclusão é a de que alguns sujeitos desempregados usam o Facebook e o LinkedIn de forma a tentar tamponar a ferida narcísica, na sua imagem para o outro, que o desemprego representa. Fazem isso pela construção de imagens de si, selecionando o que publicam e elidindo, no geral, seu sofrimento.
... Indeed, it has been observed that individuals exhibiting narcissistic behaviors control their Facebook accounts frequently and spend more time compared to non-narcissistic ones. [38] Those with narcissistic attitudes and behaviors in real life are reflected in their behaviors on social media, tend to use Facebook more frequently, frequently update their status to show themselves more, and their narcissistic levels increase even more with their posts being appreciated. [38,39] In a study with a total of 945 participants as 790 Facebook users and 155 non-Facebook users, various personality traits and differences in mental health among these groups were examined. ...
... [38] Those with narcissistic attitudes and behaviors in real life are reflected in their behaviors on social media, tend to use Facebook more frequently, frequently update their status to show themselves more, and their narcissistic levels increase even more with their posts being appreciated. [38,39] In a study with a total of 945 participants as 790 Facebook users and 155 non-Facebook users, various personality traits and differences in mental health among these groups were examined. The results showed that Facebook users score higher on narcissism, self-confidence, and extroversion than non-Facebook users. ...
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The relationship between social media use and narcissism has been a subject of research, since the first social media sites emerged. Research has shown that social media use can cause narcissism on the one hand, and narcissism on the other hand, and it can increase social media use with a potentially mutual effect between the two of them. Currently, the narcissistic culture is reproduced and narcissism is encouraged in social media. It has been observed that social media sites are an ideal environment to meet narcissistic needs, and narcissistic behaviors are rewarded. In addition, the narcissistic attitudes and behaviors in real life are also reflected in the behaviors on social media and their narcissistic levels increase further.
... Narcissism, which is an important variable in the current research on Facebook Addiction (FA) [6,29], was considered as a form of behaviour rather than a disorder [30,31]. However, since narcissism is significantly related to SNS addiction [6,28,29], similar relationships could be expected in our study. ...
... Menurut Michikyan, Dennis, & Subrahmanyam (2014), persepsi dari orang lain tersebut dapat ditampilkan melalui suatu umpan balik. Dalam Instagram, remaja bisa mendapatkan umpan balik setelah mengekspresikan dirinya lewat foto dan video (Mehdizadeh, 2010;Michikyan dkk., 2014;Valkenburg, Peter, & Schouten, 2006). Adapun bentuk umpan balik dalam Instagram berupa komentar dan like (Pempek, Yermolayeva, & Calvert, 2009). ...
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Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui efek efikasi diri dalam menengahi hubungan antara umpan balik positif teman sebaya dan presentasi diri pada remaja akhir pengguna Instagram. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif-korelasional dengan responden sebanyak 400 orang berusia 19–22 tahun yang menggunakan Instagram di kota Bandung melalui teknik purposive sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Receiving Positive Public Facebook Feedback untuk mengukur umpan balik positif dari teman sebaya, Self-presentation Tactics in Social Media untuk mengukur presentasi diri, dan General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES-12) untuk mengukur efikasi diri. Data dianalisis menggunakan teknik regresi linear dan Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa 1) Umpan balik positif dari teman sebaya berpengaruh terhadap presentasi diri; 2) Efikasi diri sebagai homologizer moderator berpotensi dalam melemahkan hubungan umpan balik positif dari teman sebaya dengan presentasi diri. Umpan balik positif dari teman sebaya dapat menurunkan presentasi diri ketika efikasi dirinya tinggi.
... ents aged 14 to 17 years old" çalışmalarında benzer bir şekilde benlik 108 saygısı ve obsesif düşünceler arasında negatif yönlü bir anlamlı bir sonuç bulunmuştur.Bu sonuçlarda araştırmada bulunulan sonuçla örtüşmektedir.Benlik saygısı ve beğenilme isteği arasında da diğer alt boyutlar gibi negatif yönlü düşük düzeyde anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmuştur.Mehdizadeh (2010) 'in yaşları 18-25 arasında değişen facebook kullanıcıları ile yaptığı "Self-Presentation 2.0: Narcissism and Self-Esteem on Facebook" adlı araştırmada narsisizm ve benlik saygısı arasında pozitif yönlü anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmuştur. Narsisizm bilindiği üzere beğenilme isteğini içinde barındıran bir kavramdır. Bu noktada bireylerin beğe ...
Thesis
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Bu araştırmanın amacı ergenlerin sosyal medyada beğenilmeme korkusunu ölçmeye yönelik bir ölçme aracı eksikliğini gidermek ve bununla birlikte benlik tasarımı ve benlik saygısının sosyal medya beğenilmeme korkusu üzerindeki etkisini incelemektir. Ölçeğin madde havuzu oluşturulmuş ve uzman görüşüne sunulmuştur. Uzman görüşleri alındıktan sonra ölçek deneme ve asıl uygulama dâhil 842 kişiye uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen veriler ışığında geçerlilik ve güvenirlik çalışmaları yapılmıştır. Araştırma ilişkisel tarama modeline göre yürütülmüş olup araştırmada geliştirilen sosyal medya beğenilmeme korkusu ölçeği ile benlik tasarımı ölçeği, benlik saygısı ölçeği ve araştırmacı tarafından hazırlanan kişisel bilgi formu katılımcılara verilmiştir. Araştırmada sosyal medya beğenilmeme korkusu, benlik tasarımı ve benlik saygısı ile cinsiyet, sosyal medyada paylaşılan içeriklerin beğenilme sayısı ve sosyal medyadaki arkadaş sayısı değişkenleri arasında ilişki bulunmuştur. Bu araştırmada geliştirilen ölçme aracının alan yazındaki ölçme aracı eksikliğini gidereceği, elde edilen araştırma sonuçlarının "sosyal medya" konusundaki alan yazına katkı sağlayacağı ve araştırmacılara yol göstereceği umulmuştur.
... Some researchers have used Uses and Gratification Theory to better understand the needs of the user [17]. The gratification is related to the user's identity, and the identity is the most important part of self-concept [18]. This means, to simply put, one is aware about what one thinks about one's self? ...
Article
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Social networking sites (SNSs) are one of the most widely used means of communication. For a productive and effective design of social media websites, two factors are critical; to know the psyche of the user, and to be able to foresee the latent needs while developing a design or feature of social media. As the use of social media such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Myspace are increasing with the rapid growth especially in mobile users, there are many theories describing the interplay of virtual needs and user expectations in web designing. Social media is not used for the purpose of communication only but also for the sake of playing a part in society, satisfying the need for social acceptance, the realization of one's self, and form associations with a certain group of people. This study provides a detailed overview of different theories and models that discuss the inherent properties of social media platforms and provides an explanation for the different observations that result from the interplay of these factors.
... A commonly held assumption regarding social media profiles is that they are used to create and communicate highly idealized perceptions (Green, 2013). While research indicates that the development of social media profiles often involves some level of self-promotion and narcissistic selfpresentation (Mehdizadeh, 2010;Nistor & Stanciu, 2017), recruiters consider the information contained in the social network profiles as more honest than the information presented in resumes (Guillory & Hancock, 2012). Further, even the earliest social media work has suggested that digital identity claims made on online convey valid information about the owner (Gosling et al., 2007;Vazire & Gosling, 2004). ...
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As social media use has grown over the past decade, both academics and practitioners have increasingly debated the appropriateness of using data from social networking sites in hiring contexts. Although the use of social media in recruitment and staffing processes has become commonplace, a corresponding increase in empirical investigations of this practice has not been achieved. Now more than ever, industrial-organizational (I-O) psychologists and data scientists are well positioned to offer evidence-based insights regarding this common practice. Despite being the most widely used professional social networking site, validity evidence of the relationship between LinkedIn profile elements and organizationally relevant criteria remains equivocal, and researchers have specifically called for more work on LinkedIn as the basis for social media assessments. Using a field sample of financial services professionals, the present study seeks to examine the criterion-related validity of LinkedIn incumbents' professional profiles (n = 486) using objective sales performance metrics. In addition to potential privacy and ethical concerns, and with few exceptions, the results largely suggest that LinkedIn profile characteristics are not strongly correlated with organizational metrics. Potential uses, recommendations, and limitations based on the criterion-related evidence are discussed herein.
... Perilaku ini sering menyebabkan orang-orang merasa tidak mampu, evaluasi diri rendah, dan mengalami afeksi negatif (Marsh & Parker, 1984;Morse & Gergen, 1970;Pzszczynski, Greenberg, & LaPrelle, 1985). Hal ini juga didukung dengan adanya beberapa penelitian yang menunjukkan keterkaitan antara frekuensi tinggi penggunaan Facebook dengan perilaku depresi yang meningkat dan well-being yang berkurang (Feinstein, dkk., 2013;Kalpidou, Costin, & Morris, 2011;Kross, dkk., 2013;Mehdizadeh, 2010;Rutledge, Gillmor, & Gillen, 2013). ...
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Saat ini pengguna media sosial tidak terbatas pada dewasa dan remaja, tetapi sudah banyak digunakan oleh anak-anak. Melalui media sosial mereka cenderung melakukan perbandingan sosial. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menguji hubungan antara penggunaan media sosial dan perilaku perbandingan sosial pada fase anak-anak akhir. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian korelasional dengan teknik pengambilan sampel non random sampling. Responden yang diteliti sebanyak 101 subyek dengan karakteristik siswa kelas VI SD, bisa berbahasa Indonesia, dan memiliki akun media sosial. Peneliti mengambil sampel satu Sekolah Dasar di Surabaya. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah skala perbandingan sosial yang disusun Gibbons & Buunk (1999) berdasarkan teori perbandingan sosial menurut Festinger (1945) dan diadaptasi oleh (Putra, 2017) serta daftar aktivitas penggunaan media sosial oleh Rosen (2013). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, diketahui bahwa koefisien korelasi yang didapat antara skor total penggunaan media sosial dengan skor total perbandingan sosial adalah sebesar 0.313 dan signifikan pada Los 0,01 (nilai p = 0,001< 0.01), yang berarti terdapat korelasi positif yang signifikan antara penggunaan media sosial dengan tingkat perbandingan sosial. Semakin tinggi skor total penggunaan media sosial maka skor tingkat perbandingan sosial akan semakin tinggi, begitu juga sebaliknya. Peran orang tua sangat dibutuhkan dalam proses pendampingan anak usia akhir agar tidak terbawa dampak negatif dalam perbandingan diri melalui media sosial.
... (Uluç ve Yarcı, 2017). Sosyal medya iletişim araçlarının kişiyi kendi özbenliği ile sunma imkânı vermesi, kişilerin sosyal medyada daha fazla vakit harcama eğiliminde olmasına neden olmuştur (Mehdizadeh, 2010). ...
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: Bu çalışmanın amacı üniversitede eğitim gören kız öğrencilerde sosyal medya bağımlılığı ve beden algısı ile beslenme bilgi düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesidir. Yöntem: Yaşları 19-25 arasında değişen 573 kız öğrenci üzerinde yüz yüze görüşme yöntemi ile anket formu uygulanmış ve öğrencilerin sosyal medya bağımlılıkları, beden algıları ve beslenme bilgi düzeyleri incelenmiştir. Sosyal medya bağımlılığı için ‘Sosyal Medya Bağımlılığı Ölçeği –Yetişkin Formu (SMBÖ-YF)’ ölçeği, beden algıları için ‘Beden Algısı Ölçeği’ ve beslenme bilgi düzeyleri için “Yetişkinlerde Beslenme Bilgi Düzeyi Ölçeği (YETBİD)” kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Çalışmaya katılan öğrencilerin yaşlarının medyan değeri 21,0 yıl, vücut ağırlığı medyan değeri 57,0 kg, boy uzunluğu medyan değeri 164,0 cm ve BKİ medyan değeri 20,9 kg/m2’’dir. Öğrencilerin YETBİD ölçeğinden aldıkları puanın medyan değeri 35, Q1- Q3 değerleri sırasıyla 29-40’tır. Çalışmaya katılan öğrencilerin beslenme bilgi düzeylerinin kötü sınıflamasına yer aldığı belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca öğrencilerin sosyal medya bağımlılığı ölçeği medyan değeri ve Q1-Q3 değerleri sırasıyla 51 ve 42-59’dir. Beden algısı ölçeğinden katılımcıların aldığı puanın medyan değeri ve Q1-Q3 değeri ise sırasıyla 98 ve 84-113 olarak saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Öğrencilerin beslenme bilgi düzeylerinin kötü olduğu, BKİ değerleri ortalamaları normal düzeyde olmasına rağmen beden algılarının yüksek olmadığı ve orta düzeyde sosyal medya bağımlılıkları olduğu ortaya konmuştur.
... Many factors influence the extent to which people self-disclose on the social web, including age (Nosko, Wood, & Molema, 2010) and personality (Grieve, March, & Watkinson, 2020). Lower self-esteem associates with higher self-promotion content on Facebook (Mehdizadeh, 2010). Oppressed groups, including perhaps nonbinary and transgender users, may self-censor more because of a greater need for impression management to counteract negativity towards them or negative stereotypes (Pitcan, Marwick, & Boyd, 2018). ...
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Purpose Although gender identities influence how people present themselves on social media, previous studies have tested pre-specified dimensions of difference, potentially overlooking other differences and ignoring nonbinary users. Design/methodology/approach Word association thematic analysis was used to systematically check for fine-grained statistically significant gender differences in Twitter profile descriptions between 409,487 UK-based female, male, and nonbinary users in 2020. A series of statistical tests systematically identified 1,474 differences at the individual word level, and a follow up thematic analysis grouped these words into themes. Findings The results reflect offline variations in interests and in jobs. They also show differences in personal disclosures, as reflected by words, with females mentioning qualifications, relationships, pets, and illnesses much more, nonbinaries discussing sexuality more, and males declaring political and sports affiliations more. Other themes were internally imbalanced, including personal appearance (e.g. male: beardy; female: redhead), self-evaluations (e.g. male: legend; nonbinary: witch; female: feisty), and gender identity (e.g. male: dude; nonbinary: enby; female: queen). Research limitations The methods are affected by linguistic styles and probably under-report nonbinary differences. Practical implications The gender differences found may inform gender theory, and aid social web communicators and marketers. Originality/value The results show a much wider range of gender expression differences than previously acknowledged for any social media site.
... This does not mean that this new stage in the internet is the cause of the new stage in society; this is a dialectic dependency. Web 2.0 tools (blogs, vlogs, social media, etc.) are often directed towards individual expression, towards an original and "authentic" individual identity (see, for example, Kramer, Winter 2008;Mehdizadeh 2010;Nadkami, Hofmann 2012). On the one hand, these forms could only gain popularity under the conditions of the second phase of individualization, while on the other they underpin and support further progress. ...
Article
Contemporary society is currently undergoing milestone transformations. Many are the signs that modernity is moving into the background, no longer the dominant form of social order. This phase of decline is connected to numerous problems: a sense of uncertainty, a normative crisis, or, in other words, a state of anomie. The question therefore arises as to what comes next. If anomie is perceived as an illness, then three further scenarios are possible: the end of the world, crisis as a permanent state of affairs, or a healthy “recovery” which would entail the emergence and stabilization of a new type of society. This article presents all three of these variants: a society scattered across a network form of social order, a social order based upon a new type of community, and an order which, on a broad scale, incorporates nonhuman objects within human societies.
... Additionally, trait narcissists have more online friends and Facebook interactions (Brailovskaia & Bierhoff, 2016). Research on narcissism and social media has focused on self-presentation rather than social comparison (Mehdizadeh, 2010), but narcissism leads to more social comparison, especially downward comparison, in the offline context (Krizan & Bushman, 2011). And, in perhaps the only SNS study to date to distinguish between social comparison orientation (the personality trait) and social comparative thoughts, the orientation was found to produce more comparative thoughts (Lee, 2014). ...
Article
Computer-mediated social comparisons have been identified as a threat to psychological well-being. Because online friends selectively self-present, social comparisons may be biased upward, producing feelings of inadequacy. However, earlier evidence consistently confounded social comparative thoughts with causes or outcomes. A cross-sectional survey (N = 163) tested how traits, motivations, selectivity, and mood management influence computer-mediated downward and upward social comparison, and how comparison influences affect, self-esteem, and peer misperceptions. Results indicated age, social comparison orientation, mood modification, selectivity, and Facebook intensity produced social comparisons. Younger, frequent users made more upward comparisons, while mood modifiers made more downward comparisons. Comparing upward boosted negative affect, harmed self-esteem, and produced pluralistic ignorance. Downward comparisons enhanced self-esteem and reduced pluralistic ignorance about offline friends.
... One study, using the original NPI-40, found that larger exhibitionism correlated with self-promotion, entitlement correlated with anti-social behaviors, and that self-esteem negatively related to both self-promotion and anti-social behaviors on Facebook (Carpenter, 2012). Another study produced a correlation showing that individuals that score higher on a narcissism scale yet lower on a self-esteem scale were prone to greater online activity (Mehdizadeh, 2010). ...
Article
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With connections being made every day between people all over the world, Facebook provides an unparalleled opportunity for study into the behavior of individuals and their personalities, presentations, and pathologies. Are there certain types of behaviors that relate more to narcissistic traits and, if so, what does a general sociodemographic profile look like for an individual who most often exhibits those behaviors? Nearly sixty participants were included in the study. Despite the limitations, this study concluded like several before it, no significant correlations were found in the data to support a hypothesis that narcissistic individuals are more likely to utilize Facebook in any more grandiose manner than the rest of us.
... Previous studies have shown that users are more likely to engage in activities containing positive emotions and are more willing to communicate with positive people and share positive information (Mehdizadeh, 2010). Considering that almost all affective guidance in online community activities is positive, participating in the activities not only makes users happy, but it also helps them create a positive social image; this self-image shaping will motivate them to participate more actively in activities. ...
Article
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In recent years, many online communities have launched opinion-gathering activities to promote user participation in innovation and improve the quality of new products. The current methods for online innovation activities can be divided into two categories: cognitive guidance and affective guidance. However, the studies on online communities have mainly focused on user engagement motivations, and little attention has been paid to investigating the impact and underlying mechanism of innovation guidance on user participation at the linguistic level. This study first collected secondary data from NetEase.com and conducted an econometric model to explore the impact of cognitive guidance and affective guidance on users’ participation in online innovation activities. Subsequently, we investigated the impact mechanism of different innovation guidance methods on user participation through two experiments, here by drawing on mental simulation theory. The experimental results showed that outcome simulation and process simulation imposed a dual mediating effect of innovation guidance on user participation. In addition, we also found that product types moderate the dual mediating effect of outcome simulation and process simulation. The findings can deepen and expand the research on user participation while providing practical implications for companies and platforms as they attempt to promote user participation in innovation activities.
... Early adolescence is a particularly vulnerable age due to heightened awareness of peer status, approval, and rejection. Due to their susceptibility to peer pressure, negative effects of social experiences on social media [1,39] can intensify feelings of isolation and fear of missing out ('FoMO') [7]. In fact, passive surveillance of others' online posts can lead to social anxiety, envy, and lower self-esteem [37,53]. ...
Conference Paper
Many 10-14 year olds are at the early stages of using social media, habits they develop on popular platforms can have lasting effects on their socio-emotional wellbeing. We led a remote innovation workshop with 23 middle schoolers on digital wellbeing, identity exploration, and computational concepts related to social computing. This workshop was a unique opportunity to reflect on emergent habits, discuss them with peers, and imagine oneself as an ICT innovator. Resulting themes related to participants' social wellbeing online included a) sense of belonging to communities of interest, friends, and family, b) self-care and social support strategies involving managing risks, control, and empathy, and c) experimentation while building self-confidence and bravely exploring audience reactions. Participants iteratively designed and tested a sandbox social network website, resulting in Social Sketch. Reflecting on our study, we describe the process for conceptualizing Social Sketch, and challenges in social media innovation with teenagers.
... This result is inversely proportional to Mehdizadeh's study in 2010, which found that selfpresentation and self-esteem are interrelated in opposite directions. Low self-esteem will increase self-presentation and vice versa [19]. Through this study, the researcher wanted to examine and make a deeper exploration of self-presentation and self-esteem. ...
... The features such as status updates, posting selfies appeal to the core characteristics of narcissistic individuals which they might over engage and get addicted to it (Garcia and Sikstr€ om, 2014;Fox and Rooney, 2015;McCain et al., 2016;Pabian et al., 2015;March and McBean, 2018;Ryan and Xenos, 2011). Portraying ideal self-image and self-presentation seems to be prominent motives to engage in Facebook as high narcissistic individuals perceive Facebook to be suitable platform to present themselves (Nadkarni and Hofmann, 2012) (Mehdizadeh, 2010;Buffardi and Campbell, 2008). ...
Article
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Personality traits are important factors in determining online behaviors. Especially personality traits are linked with users’ behavior on Facebook. Despite the substantial quantity of studies conducted on the relationship between personality factors and Facebook addiction, researchers have yet to reach an agreement. This study sought to examine the relationship between personality traits and Facebook addiction. In this meta-analysis study, agreeableness, openness to experience and conscientiousness were negatively related to Facebook addiction. Loneliness, narcissism, impulsivity and shyness were significantly correlated with Facebook addiction. Meta analysis also found that geographical location, personality scales, Facebook addiction scales, publication status moderated the link between personality variables and Facebook addiction. The limitations and future directions are discussed.
... Należy się przyjrzeć mechanizmowi leżącemu u podłoża związku pomiędzy samooceną a używaniem Facebooka. Obniżona samoocena wraz z niską ekstrawersją mogą prowadzić do częstego używania Facebooka, gdyż jest on jedynym źródłem podwyższenia samooceny (Mehdizadeh, 2010). Z jednej strony spędzanie czasu na oglądaniu profili innych i czytaniu wiadomości może prowadzić wtórnie do obniżenia samooceny (np. ...
... Extraversion is a trait characterized by sociability, excitability, talkativeness, assertiveness, and high emotional expression 32 . Extraversion is associated with increased use of Facebook 29,31 . Facebook satisfies the need for stimulation and social in-teraction among extraverts 5 . ...
Article
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to generally assess the degree of women's dependence on social networking sites on the example of Facebook, taking into account personality traits according to the five-factor model of personality, the so-called Big Five. Patients and methods: The study included 556 women. This survey-based study was carried out using the questionnaire technique. The following research tools were used to analyze behavioral addictions in adult women: the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS), the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO FFI) and the author's questionnaire. Results: Among the surveyed women, 69.6% were average Facebook users, of whom 16.4% had scores indicating possible Facebook addiction, and 14.0% had scores indicating addiction. The higher the neuroticism, the more serious the Facebook addiction. A weak negative correlation was obtained for the agreeableness subscale. A weak negative correlation was also obtained for the subscale of conscientiousness. There was no statistically significant correlation between the log10 score obtained on the BFAS and the score on the NEO-FFI subscales of extraversion and openness to experience. Conclusions: The personality types of the studied women indicated relationships in terms of behavioral addictions. Women characterized by neuroticism showed stronger addiction to Facebook. Women characterized by high conscientiousness were at lower risk of behavioral addictions, while agreeableness as a personality trait significantly protected the surveyed women against Facebook addiction.
... It is believed that social media users perceive others on the websites to be happier than them, thus accounting for the positive correlation with depression levels and negatively associated with mental well-being. (Feinstein et al, 2013, Kalpidou, Costin, & Morris, 2011Kross et al., 2013;Mehdizadeh, 2010;Rutledge, Gillmor, & Gillen, 2013. However, some believe that social media is more useful for people with low self-esteem in comparison to those with high self-esteem (Ellison et al, 2007), and to them, it is useful in increasing their social capital (Tazghini & Siedlecki, 2013), especially for the previously marginalized groups who are exposed to models from their own community, associating it with better self-esteem. ...
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The present study was conducted to explore the association between Instagram usage and College belongingness, and if the relationship was mediated by Self-esteem. A sample (N=105) of students belonging to a Mumbai college was administered the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (adapted for Instagram), the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, and the Psychological Sense of School Membership (adapted for college students). Correlations were drawn between all the three variables in pairs, and were subjected to regression. The results indicate that correlations between Instagram Usage and Self-Esteem (r=-0.31, p ≤ 0.001) and Instagram Usage and College Belongingness (r=-0.28, p ≤ 0.003) were statistically significant, meanwhile that of Self-Esteem and College Belongingness was not (r=0.62, n.s). Mediation analysis revealed the association between Instagram Usage and College Belongingness was significantly mediated by Self-Esteem. The study further discusses the results and provides suggestions so as to improve the College Belongingness among students.
... Based on Buffardi and Campbell (2008) and Belanche et al. (2020), a frequent Instagram user with a lot of friends has a positive and significant correlation with narcissistic traits. Likewise, the more active participation in self-promotion in social networks is led by more narcissism and lower self-esteem (Mehdizadeh, 2010;Liu et al., 2019). Furthermore, in pursuance of Valenzuela et al. (2009) and Skues et al. (2012), Instagram's intensity is associated with social trust. ...
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Online Social Network Sites (SNSs) provide a lot of information to understanding young investor behavior. As the interest of financial practitioners, the young investor has their risk tolerance. So, this study aims to predict the investment risk appetite through social networking sites (SNSs) as a vast information exchange platform using young investors' Instagram usage behavior. This research uses investment risk appetite and extroversion personality as the dependent variables. Moreover, the number of Instagram followers, spending time on Instagram, the frequency of Instagram users to log on, Instagram usage for personal expression, and Instagram usage for social relationships as the independent variables. The researchers use 300 young stock investors through the online questionnaire. The results study show that the number of followers on Instagram and the Instagram usage for social relation significantly affect extroversion personality. The extroversion personality significantly affects the investment risk appetite. Otherwise, spending time on Instagram, frequency of log on to Instagram, the use of Instagram for self-expression do not considerably affect the extroverted personality. This result obtains the probability of understanding the young investor's risk appetite through their Instagram usage behavior. Thus the financial consultant can gather the information to understand their current social network activities.
... Posting of selfie on a specific social media platform affects narcissism in varied ways. Studies report higher narcissism with posting of selfie on Facebook (Buffardi and Campbell, 2018;Mehdizadeh, 2010); on Instagram have high narcissism. (Hernowo FA &Mashoedi SF, 2018 andMoon, J. H. et al., 2016) and posting on both Facebook and Instagram. ...
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Selfie, a commonly observed behaviour, is symbol of virtual identity. Similarly, narcissism as described by grandiose view of oneself, seeking approval and admiration on social media is also frequent. The purpose of this study is exploring selfie taking behaviour and narcissism among young adults. A total 132 subjects were considered for study through an online questionnaire which included demographic variables, selfie taking behaviour and NPI-16 (Narcissistic Personality Inventory -16). The results showed majority of the subjects N = 76 (57.5%) had high narcissism (NPI ≥ 7). Age group 15 to 25 years (p= 0.0200), males, subjects who stayed in city, post graduates or graduate qualification, and married subjects had high narcissism. Using smart phone use more than 5 years (p=0.00942), taking 5 to 10 selfies per day with (p=0.00331), posting selfie for personal memory (p=0.03268), selfie on WhatsApp messenger (p=0.03268) and taking selfie with person alone and selfie taken on specific occasions (p=0.01122), had high narcissism. The conclusion of this study is selfie and narcissism are closely linked among young adults and a matter of psychological wellbeing during personality development.
... We also considered Bandura's (1977) self-efficacy theory and how the individual uses this to organise and implement actions. From the vantage point of the individual, self-efficacy can be treated as a resource that an individual uses to interact with others and that leads to the ability to succeed (Mehdizadeh, 2010). In an academic context, such confidence translates into improved learning and better academic performance (Jongsung, 2013). ...
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There is a call for studies that explore the concept of career development self-efficacy among people in rural contexts. In this study, we explored the determinants of student career development self-efficacy in a rural context. We were guided by the literature and explored the role of self-directed learning consisting of three sub-scales, namely a) self-management, b) desire for learning, and c) self-control. We sought to ascertain how the three elements of self-directed learning influence student career development self-efficacy. We adopted a quantitative research approach and designed our study as survey research. We used a convenience sample of 150 students enrolled at a rural campus in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Data was analysed in our seeking to generate descriptive and inferential statistics. For the latter, we used simple linear regression tests. The findings show that self-management, desire for learning, and self-control influence career development self-efficacy. We therefore recommend, based on the findings of this research, the implementation of interventions that assist the students and those working in institutions of higher learning to develop competencies and environments in which career development self-efficacy thrives.
... These tactics were involved in direct and delicate self-presentation, which meant at conveying a desire impressions to others. According to Mehdizadeh (2010), found that in order to get positive feedback from the public on Facebook users only select and post those photos which they thought were attractive to upload and write narratives in a way that improved and encourage themselves. In addition to this the researcher also found that people frequently use different options such as upload photos, and update status to present themselves on Facebook. ...
Article
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Self presentation is behavior that attempts to convey some information about oneself or some image of oneself to other people. Purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between online self presentation and judgment anxiety among students of Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan. Survey method was used for collecting the data from sample of the study that comprises on 100 students of equal representation of male and female with the help of purposive sampling technique. Findings of the study revealed that there is a significant correlation between self-presentation and judgment anxiety. Excessiveonline self presentation enhance the judgment anxiety among students. They feel sad and depressed when they get negative comments on their pictures. Majority of the students did online self presentation for attention seeking. They want to attain the attain the attention of others through self presentation. Furthermore, Female students are more involved in online self-presentation as compared to the male students.
... Their results indicated the social- exhibitionism, and specifically, extraversion could significantly predict the number of selfie-postings in both male and female. Mehdizadeh (2010) suggests that narcissists tend to share more selfpromoting information, and thereby, seek to attract admiration of others (Davenport, Bergman, Bergman, & Fearrington, 2014). Recent studies suggested a strong relationship among narcissism and selfie-posting (e.g., Davenport, Bergman, Bergman, & Fearrington, 2014;Halpern, Valenzuela, & Katz, 2016;. ...
Article
This study contributes to the cyberpsychology literature by investigating the moderating effect of gender in the relationship between narcissism and selfie posting behavior. A demographic questionnaire, 13-item selfie-posting scale developed and validated in the present study, and Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-16) were used to collect data. An EFA was conducted to test the factor structure of scales based on data collected from 179 young adults (age 18-27 years). A CFA was then conducted using data from 269 university students (age 18-32 years) to test construct validity of the scales. A correlation analysis was employed to test the correlations between narcissism and selfie posting behavior. The results indicated that the correlations between attitudes, intentions, behaviors, and narcissism are significant for men, but not for women. The results also indicated gender differences in online behavior with women spending more time on social media and selfie-posting.
... According to Tutgun-Ünal (2020a), extroverts use social media more to achieve social gain and introverted people use it for more to achieve social balance. Besides, people with narcissistic personalities tend to be more active on social media, and the virtual environment enables them to configure the ideal personality they want to be (Buffardi & Campbell, 2008;Mehdizadeh, 2010). ...
Article
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Social networks, where access is provided through mobile phones via the internet, have transformed our communication habits, while also paving the way for social media addiction. As social media addiction harms all areas of a person's life, this research has focused on identifying the addictions of young people who have not started their professional life yet. Considering that technology is involved in people's lives to different extents in different countries, country comparisons are considered important in digital addiction research. This study aims to compare social media addiction among university students from South Korea and Turkey. The "Social Media Addiction Scale" developed by Tutgun-Ünal and Deniz (2015) was used in this study conducted with 270 university students. Some of the findings obtained in studies using a comparative survey model are as follows: (a) social media addiction is low in both countries, (b) South Korean students' addiction was found at a higher level than those from Turkey, (c) students in South Korea are getting more emotional support from social media, (d) the addiction of South Korean students on conflict dimension was found higher, (e) students in Turkey communicate with their families via social media more than those in South Korea.
... Ancak, özellikle de dijital dünyada gerçek kimlik ve temsili/sunulan kimlik birbirinden farklı olabilir Thagard ve Wood (2015) öz-temsil ve diğer fenomenler arasındaki ilişkileri şöyle açıklamıştır: "Öz-temsil fenomeni, öz-sunumun bir yolu olarak kendini tasvir etmeyi ve başkalarına iletmeyi kapsar. Sosyal medyada öz-sunumlar narsistik veya öz-saygıyı artırıcı nedenlerle de yapılıyor olabilir (Mehdizadeh 2010, Ong ve ark. 2011. ...
... The literature clearly indicated that SNSs offered multimodal tools for individuals to present themselves through verbal and non-verbal communication in online settings (e.g., Solmaz, 2015;Young, 2013). By going beyond the empirical findings of SNSs as a potential means for self-presentation, Krämer and Haferkamp (2011) noted that people were highly motivated to use SNSs to present themselves, while a number of scholars including Mehdizadeh (2010) listed impression management among the main functions of SNSs. Users can indeed manage the impressions they create by highlighting or minimizing certain aspects of their identities. ...
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This study aimed to lay out an up-to-date literature review on self-presentation and impression management (Goffman, 1959) in social networking sites (SNSs). Following an introduction to the concepts, and the significance of self-presentation research, the current state of the discourse has been discussed under four themes: the debate of actual versus idealized selves in SNSs, resources for self-presentation in SNSs, online self-presentation typology and strategies, and determinants of online self-presentation. The review indicated that impression management typology was found to be a useful analytical framework for future research. However, it was reported that users employed various self-presentation tactics to create a favorable impression on others as well. It was also revealed that personality traits, technical features of SNSs, audience size and diversity, culture, and other-provided information were among the determinants of self-presentation. Finally, it was shown that self-presentation in SNSs merits focused attention as more research is needed to gain a solid understanding of to what extent actual selves are presented online. The study concluded with a call for further research in the investigation of the presentation of self in educational settings including second language teaching and learning contexts.
Conference Paper
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Günümüzde sosyal paylaşım ağları insanların yaşamlarının vazgeçilmez bir parçası haline gelmiştir. Kullanıcılar benliklerini sosyal paylaşım ağlarında diğerlerine sunmaktadır. Benliklerinin gözetleneceğinin farkında olarak paylaşım yapmaktadır ve benliklerini teşhir etmektedir. Bu yeni tür iletişim şekli göstermeye ve gözetlemeye dayanmaktadır. Bunun bir sonucu olarak, sosyal ağlarda sunulan benliğin izinin sürülmesi, gizlice takip edilmesi şeklinde açıklanabilecek olan stalk kavramı gündeme gelmiştir. Sosyal paylaşım ağlarıyla birlikte kişi (Benliğini sunan), stalkerın (Sunulan benliği gizlice takip eden kişinin) bir nesnesine dönüştüğü düşünülmektedir. Bu araştırmada Goffman’ın “Benliğin sunumu” yaklaşımından ve Niedzviecki’nin bahsettiği “Dikizleme Kültürü”nden yararlanılarak Marmara Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi’nde okuyan Instagram’ı aktif olarak kullanan 12 öğrenciye yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme uygulanarak Instagram’da benliklerini nasıl sundukları ve sunulan benliklerin gizlice takibi konusu ortaya koyarak tartışmaya açmak hedeflenmiştir.
Article
The present study was designed to examine a possible two mediator model with both body surveillance and body shame mediating the association of selfie behavior with cosmetic surgery consideration in young adult women. A sample of 588 young adult women participated in this study and completed questionnaires regarding selfie behavior, body surveillance, body shame, and cosmetic surgery consideration. Results indicated that selfie behavior was positively related to cosmetic surgery consideration. In addition, the mediation analysis by PROCESS revealed that body surveillance and body shame mediated the relation between selfie behavior and cosmetic surgery consideration. These findings add to the extant literature by suggesting that selfie behavior may be a new experience of self-objectification, which provide new insights into the relation between selfie activities and cosmetic surgery consideration in young women.
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Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between the individual components of self-esteem and the variables related to the active use of social networking sites. Method: 110 people participated in the online questionnaire surveys. Two research tools were used: the own questionnaire on the use of social media and the MSEI Multidimensional Self-Assessment Questionnaire. Results: Participants who use more social networking sites have higher scores in the dimension of leadership skills. Assuming the existence of statistically significant relationships between the preferred place of using social networking sites and the level of self-esteem, for its individual components, it was shown that those who performed this activity in specific places obtained higher scores in terms of competences than those who did it's everywhere. The results also indicate that more frequent use of social networking sites during the day is associated with lower scores in terms of self-control and identity integration. The analysis of gender differences in the level of self-esteem and the frequency of using social networking sites showed that in men there are more negative correlations between more frequent use of social networking sites during the day and low results, and these relate to self-control and identity integration. In women, a negative correlation was found between defensive reinforcement of self-esteem and more frequent updating of one's own profile. Conclusions: Despite the presented ambiguities, it was possible to confirm the theory that more frequent use of social media is associated with low self-assessment scores.
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Introduction: According to the extensive use of virtual networks among students, coping styles and personality factors can affect in how to use such tools. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between narcissism with Empathy and Coping styles in Facebook members and non-members. Materials and Methods:The research design is correlational type, the statistical population included all students of Guilan university of whom 300 students were selected by randomized multistage cluster sampling method and they responded Narcissism (Raskin& Terry, 1988), Empathy (Spreng et al, 2009) and Coping styles (Endler and Parker, 1990) scales. Results: The findings of independent T showed no significant difference between the average of the two groups of girls and boys in scale of empathy (p=0.584) and emotion-focused coping styles (p=0.513). But there was a significant difference in the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (p=0.004) and problem-focused coping styles (p=0.002) between boys and girls (P<0/01). Correlation Analysis showed that the highest correlation among variables, include problem-oriented and empathy variables (r=0.31), followed by Narcissism and join Facebook (r=0.29), Narcissism and gender (r=0.17), Problem-focused coping and gender (r=0.17), and empathy and Narcissism (r= -0.14). Regression analysis also showed that with 5 Predictive (P<0/01) can predict 15% of changes. Conclusion: The results showed that there were no significant differences in measures of empathy and coping styles between the two groups. But a significant difference was observed in the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, so that people join Facebook reported to be more narcissistic than non-members.
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