Herbert Freudenberger.

To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the author.


Presents a citation for Herbert Freudenberger, whose professional career has been devoted to innovation in the development of psychological interventions to alleviate human suffering. Throughout his career he has instilled the principles of trust, respect, and human dignity into the psychotherapeutic process. His seminal work in identifying and exploring the emotional burnout experienced by caregivers in human service professions has brought profound changes in the way a new generation of students is being trained. A biography is provided for Freudenberger, along with a selected bibliography of his works.

No full-text available

Request Full-text Paper PDF

To read the full-text of this research,
you can request a copy directly from the author.

The concept of burnout has become ubiquitous in contemporary discussions of work stress in the post-industrial, service economy. However, it originated outside of the market, in the counter-cultural human service institutions of the San Francisco Bay Area and New York City. This article explores the first decade of the development of the burnout concept, demonstrating how it represented a reaction against the counter-culture and the alternative institutions that emerged alongside it. Focused in particular on the work of psychoanalyst Herbert Freudenberger and social psychologist Christina Maslach, this article demonstrates how the burnout phenomenon inspired professional helpers to engage in self-care and reduce their commitment to clients. As burnout migrated from the human services into the broader business environment in the early 1980s, the dedication to social change through helping others would largely vanish, to be replaced by the idea that the best way to ‘serve’ customers and co-workers was by practising self-awareness and self-management.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.