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An Ontology-Based Augmented Reality Application Exploring Contextual Data of Cultural Heritage Sites

Authors:
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2016 12th International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based Systems
978-1-5090-5698-9/16 $31.00 © 2016 IEEE
DOI 10.1109/SITIS.2016.79
468
2016 12th International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based Systems
978-1-5090-5698-9/16 $31.00 © 2016 IEEE
DOI 10.1109/SITIS.2016.79
468
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... The exploitation of such data has many applications, from preservation and facilitating access, to exploration and creation of links for the discovery of other information. It is important to point out that the interpretation of CH sites should explore the significance of each site in its multi-faceted historical, political, spiritual, and artistic contexts [2]. ...
... One such project was implemented in the Republic of Korea [2], in Injeongjeon, the main hall of the Changdeokgung Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The project developed an outdoor AR information browser, that could offer contextual information related to the CH sites. ...
... Marker based techniques have been used in outdoor applications [12,10]. For example, Kim et al [10] use the Vuforia AR plugin 9 for Unity 10 to provide information about three Korean cultural heritage sites. ...
... Marker based techniques have been used in outdoor applications [12,10]. For example, Kim et al [10] use the Vuforia AR plugin 9 for Unity 10 to provide information about three Korean cultural heritage sites. All of the sites have good features for marker based detection, although they are focusing on information display rather than augmenting the sites themselves. ...
... Based on a previous study [23] that proposed an application of AR to explore contextual information about cultural heritage sites, we developed an information modeling framework for mobile AR systems and we conducted a user study to identify the specific consumption patterns related to the information and contents in the system. To assess the proposed approach, we considered a cultural heritage site called Injeongjeon Hall and its vicinity in Changdeokgung Palace, Seoul (South Korea). ...
... Cultural heritage items related directly to the POI are located at the first level of information depth. Cultural heritage items related to the cultural heritage items that are also related directly to the POI correspond to the second level of information depth [23]. At both levels of information depth, there are two information viewing steps: the preview and detailed content view. ...
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Augmented reality (AR) has received much attention in the cultural heritage domain as an interactive medium for requesting and accessing information regarding heritage sites. In this study, we developed a mobile AR system based on Semantic Web technology to provide contextual information about cultural heritage sites. Most location-based AR systems are designed to present simple information about a point of interest (POI), but the proposed system offers information related to various aspects of cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, linked to the POI. This is achieved via an information modeling framework where a cultural heritage ontology is used to aggregate heterogeneous data and semantically connect them with each other. We extracted cultural heritage data from five web databases and modeled contextual information for a target heritage site (Injeongjeon Hall and its vicinity in Changdeokgung Palace in South Korea) using the selected ontology. We then implemented a mobile AR application and conducted a user study to assess the learning and engagement impacts of the proposed system. We found that the application provides an agreeable user experience in terms of its affective, cognitive, and operative features. The results of our analysis showed that specific usage patterns were significant with regard to learning outcomes. Finally, we explored how the study’s key findings can provide practical design guidance for system designers to enhance mobile AR information systems for heritage sites, and to show system designers how to support particular usage patterns in order to accommodate specific user experiences better.
... For systems to teach Tsamiko and salsa dances, Chantas et al. (2018, 3) cited the efficacy of ontologies for ICH safe-guarding as "platforms that … manage to aggregate content of various CH domains in a large-scale database and provide convenient access to that data." Ontologies have also supported interactive educational systems like i-Treasures (Dimitropoulοs et al. 2018) for European intangible culture, an augmented mobile application about Korean cultural heritage sites (Kim et al. 2016), a web application for the Manchu costume culture of China (Huang 2018), and a knowledge base repository for Indian classical dance (Mallik et al. 2011). Another important example, CultureSampo, used semantic technologies to aggregate cultural heritage contents from heterogeneous data sources into a semantic por-tal. ...
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This case study aims to preserve and disseminate cultural heritage information about the North American community folk dance tradition of contra dance through development of a thesaurus of choreographic terms and a domain ontology. A survey of dance resources was conducted, reviewing historic and modern examples of contra dance choreography notation and instructions, records of dance events, and recordings of dance performances. Domain and content analysis were performed on the resources to collect and organize concepts and themes regarding choreographic components and their relationships, the structure and function of cultural works, their creative expressions, and the evidence of those expressions in documents and recordings. Vocabulary used in the description of contra dance choreography was identified, classified, and notated to build a thesaurus, which was used as the basis of a domain ontology. Ontology building methodology and existing conceptual models for cultural heritage domains guided the ontology development and revision phases. The study also seeks to safeguard an intangible cultural heritage by applying knowledge organization and semantic approaches to folk dance in order to model such challenges as multiple, simultaneous modes of communication and forms of representation, modular conceptual components, descriptive sequences, differing levels of structured information, and complex cultural networks found at various levels of domain discourse.
... Yiwen et al. discuss how to use AR technology to display the features of intangible cultural heritage to solve problems such as site constraints, single display forms and overly rigid display modes in current museum displays [7]. Kim et al. present an augmented reality application for providing contextual information on cultural heritage sites; this application shows the detailed content of Injeongeon [8]. Many related papers also mention the effectiveness of AR technology in nontraditional education. ...
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This paper proposes a new Chinese traditional handicraft learning mode through embodied interaction using WebAR technology. It details how emergent technologies for cognitive learning can enhance learning in the teaching of a traditional handicraft. A study is presented where students learn about traditional handicrafts with a whole-body interactive simulation utilizing WebAR devices, and this is compared to traditional methods using a desktop version for the simulation. Results show that the Chinese traditional handicraft learning mode based on WebAR affords embodied interaction and improves learning between real context and virtual devices; thus WebAR devices enhance embodied interaction of traditional handicraft simulations. This contribution is highly relevant for users who aim to learn and be creative in different contexts that deliver new forms of Chinese traditional handicraft learning.
... Menurut Azuma yang dikutip dalam jurnal All in One Mobile Outdoor Augmented Reality Framework for Cutural Heritage Site, yang paling penting karakteristik AR adalah bersifat interaktif dalam waktu nyata dan menampilkan konten dalam ruang 3D [5], [6]. Selain itu, teknologi AR telah diadaptasi ke dalam wilayah warisan budaya [7]. Diantaranya aplikasi, akuisisi 3D yang merekonstruksi situs warisan budaya sebagai model 3D virtual di Korea Selatan. ...
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Museum Batara Guru is one of tourist attractions in the city of Palopo. the palace environment is rarely open to the public , lack of information, not optimal communication, and lack of promotion about the history of Palopo city led to the lack of tourist visits to this place. In this research, Augmented Reality (AR) as a computer-based tour guide is developed.AR development is done by modeling the object with 3D model with Unity device and marker recognition using Vuforia device. These AR applications also tested include marker and distance testing. Based on this test results obtained where the image object (heirloom) as a marker can work well. Testing based on shooting marker at a distance of 0.5 to 2 meters. Likewise with the angle of the slope, the marker can be recognized quickly if there is no change in angle when shooting, the greater the angle of the slope the more difficult to recognize the marker.
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