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Peucetia casseli Simon, 1900 has priority over P. longipes Pocock, 1900 (Araneae, Oxyopidae)

Authors:
  • private researcher/freelancer
  • World Spider Catalog Association WSCA

Abstract

The World Spider Catalog (WSC 2016) currently lists Peucetia longipes Pocock, 1899 as a senior synonym of P. casseli Simon, 1899; according to Niekerk & Dippenaar-Schoeman (1994: 16). The synonymy decision per se is not to be doubted but, regarding the senior name choice, it was stated that “As both P. [Peucetia] longipes and P. casseli were described in 1899, we decided to give P. longipes priority over P. casseli as the former species was more often referred to in the literature.” So Niekerk & Dippenaar-Schoeman (1994) did not check the month or even the day of the two relevant publications.
574
Accepted by A. Santos: 22 Dec. 2016; published: 1 Mar. 2017
ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)
ISSN
1175-5334
(online edition)
Copyright © 2017 Magnolia Press
Zootaxa 4237 (3): 574
574
http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/
Correspondence
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4237.3.7
http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6B75B7CA-2CBD-40B6-B744-0FB59E4DB8F9
Peucetia casseli Simon, 1900 has priority over P. longipes Pocock, 1900
(Araneae, Oxyopidae)
THEO BLICK
1,3
& DANIEL GLOOR
2
1
Callistus – Gemeinschaft für Zoologische & Ökologische Untersuchungen [association for zoological and ecological research],
Heidloh 8, 95503 Hummeltal, Germany. E-Mail: callistus@theoblick.de
2
University of Bern, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Baltzerstrasse 6, 3012 Bern, Switzerland. E-Mail: daniel.gloor@nmbe.ch
3
Corresponding author
The World Spider Catalog (WSC 2016) currently lists Peucetia longipes Pocock, 1899 as a senior synonym of P. casseli
Simon, 1899; according to Niekerk & Dippenaar-Schoeman (1994: 16). The synonymy decision per se is not to be
doubted but, regarding the senior name choice, it was stated that “As both P. [Peucetia] longipes and P. casseli were
described in 1899, we decided to give P. longipes priority over P. casseli as the former species was more often referred to
in the literature.” So Niekerk & Dippenaar-Schoeman (1994) did not check the month or even the day of the two relevant
publications.
We became aware of this case while incorporating step by step corrections relating to the actual dates of publication
of the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, according to Duncan (1937, see also Dickinson 2005) into the
World Spider Catalog. After Duncan (1937) the paper by Pocock was published in April 1900. So we checked the
publication by Simon (1900) and found out that it too was not published in 1899, but on January 30, 1900 (Milne
Edwards 1900).
The ICZN (2012) articles 23.9.1.1 and 23.9.1.2 (reversal of precedence) are not relevant in this case as the senior
name has been used after 1899 and no prevailing usage of the younger name can be stated. ICZN article 23.10 (erroneous
reversal of precedence) is not relevant either, as the synonymy was stated without checking the detailed dates of
publication.
Thus, based on ICZN article 24.2.5 (Unnecessary action by a First Reviser), and on the fact that Peucetia casseli
Simon, 1900 has priority over Peucetia longipes Pocock, 1900, the former must be considered the senior synonym of the
latter.
Thanks to Jason Dunlop (Berlin, Germany) for the linguistic checking as well as to Alessandro Minelli (Padova,
Italy) and to Mark Harvey (Perth, Australia) for commenting the case.
References
Dickinson, E.C. (2005) The Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1859–1900: an exploration of breaks between calendar
years of publication. Journal of Zoology, 266 (4), 427–430.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952836905007077
Duncan, M. (1937) On the dates of publication of the society's Proceedings, 1859–1926. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of
London, A107 (1), 71–84.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1937.tb08500.x
ICZN [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (2012) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4
th
Edition.
Incorporating Declaration 44, amendments of Article 74.7.3, with effect from 31 December 1999 and the amendment on e-
publication, amendments to Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78, with effect from 1 January 2012. Available from: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/
hosted-sites/iczn/code/index.jsp (accessed 3 November 2016)
Milne Edwards, A. (1900) 41e réunion des naturalistes du muséum. 30 Janvier 1900. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, 6 (1), 1.
Niekerk, P. van & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. (1994) A revision of the Afrotropical species of Peucetia (Araneae: Oxyopidae).
Entomology Memoir, Department of Agriculture Republic of South Africa, 89, 1–50.
Pocock, R.I. (1900) On the scorpions, pedipalps and spiders from tropical West-Africa, represented in the collection of the British
Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 67 (4), 833–885, pls. LV–LVIII. [for 1899]
Simon, E. (1900) Arachnides recueillis par M. Charles van Cassel, sous-officier d'infanterie attaché à la Mission du Cavally (Soudan
françois), au poste du Zò, en septembre 1899. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, 5 (8), 416–419. [for 1899]
WSC (2016) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Version 17.5. Available from: http://wsc.nmbe.ch (accessed 3
November 2016)
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Adelonychia and Adelonychia nigrostriata are the valid names for the mygalmorph spider genus and species Diplothele and Diplothele walshi (Araneae, Barychelidae)
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Duncan (1937) provided detailed information that has been widely used to date names of new taxa described in early volumes of the Proceedings. The examinations reported here suggest that at least at the point where the year of publication is important Duncan was usually correct, and although exceptions are reported they are not of great consequence (although 14 of 42 volumes are anomalous). These exceptions relate to cases where the published pages differed from a multiple of the signature size by a couple of pages or so. Over the 41 volumes examined, two or more techniques were used to provide, economically, text needed to complete an article that would have over-run the number of signatures planned for the issue. The importance of retaining wrappers and binding them in is demonstrated by what can be learned from them.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1937.tb08500.x ICZN [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (2012) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature3, with effect from 31 December 1999 and the amendment on epublication Available from
  • M Duncan
Duncan, M. (1937) On the dates of publication of the society's Proceedings, 1859–1926. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, A107 (1), 71–84. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1937.tb08500.x ICZN [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (2012) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4 th Edition. Incorporating Declaration 44, amendments of Article 74.7.3, with effect from 31 December 1999 and the amendment on epublication, amendments to Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78, with effect from 1 January 2012. Available from: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/ hosted-sites/iczn/code/index.jsp (accessed 3 November 2016)
  • Milne Edwards
Milne Edwards, A. (1900) 41e réunion des naturalistes du muséum. 30 Janvier 1900. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, 6 (1), 1.
On the scorpions, pedipalps and spiders from tropical West-Africa, represented in the collection of the British Museum
  • R I Pocock
Pocock, R.I. (1900) On the scorpions, pedipalps and spiders from tropical West-Africa, represented in the collection of the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 67 (4), 833-885, pls. LV-LVIII. [for 1899]
World Spider Catalog Natural History Museum Bern. Version 17.5. Available from
WSC (2016) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Version 17.5. Available from: http://wsc.nmbe.ch (accessed 3 November 2016)
Arachnides recueillis par M. Charles van Cassel, sous-officier d'infanterie attaché à la Mission du Cavally (Soudan françois), au poste du Zò, en septembre 1899
  • E Simon
Simon, E. (1900) Arachnides recueillis par M. Charles van Cassel, sous-officier d'infanterie attaché à la Mission du Cavally (Soudan françois), au poste du Zò, en septembre 1899. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, 5 (8), 416-419. [for 1899]
A revision of the Afrotropical species of Peucetia (Araneae: Oxyopidae). Entomology Memoir
  • A Milne Edwards
Milne Edwards, A. (1900) 41e réunion des naturalistes du muséum. 30 Janvier 1900. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, 6 (1), 1. Niekerk, P. van & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. (1994) A revision of the Afrotropical species of Peucetia (Araneae: Oxyopidae). Entomology Memoir, Department of Agriculture Republic of South Africa, 89, 1-50.
World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Version 17
WSC (2016) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Version 17.5. Available from: http://wsc.nmbe.ch (accessed 3 November 2016)