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Abstract

Although interest in the selfie phenomenon has recently increased, no studies have yet examined the meaning behind posting romantic selfies. In a study involving a total of 584 men and women, we examined whether the amount of romantic selfies on Facebook profiles may reliably reflect love level in a heterosexual relationship, as evaluated using Sternberg's Triangular Love Scale. We found that men's overall Love Scale scores positively predicted quantity of posted romantic selfies. Additionally, in men, the scores of two out of three subscales—Passion and Commitment—each independently predicted the numbers of romantic selfies. In contrast, women's romantic selfie-posting behavior correlated with only one subscale. Our findings provide the first evidence that the link between love level and romantic selfie-posting behavior is stronger among men than that among women. Therefore, our results may highlight key romantic behavioral differences in online social networking in both sexes.

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... Selfies refer to selfportraits that a person takes using a smartphone or webcam [67], and groupfies refer to group selfies [68]. Across disciplines, recent studies examined the psychological effects of posting SNS selfies/groupfies [68], the effects of selfies on self-esteem and social sensitivity [69], romantic selfie-posting behavior and love levels [70], selfie-editing frequency and social comparison [67], marketing implications of consumers' selfie-taking [71], association between narcissism and selfies [72,73], relationship between social exhibitionism and frequency of selfie-posting [74], and more. Veldhuis et al. [49] suggest that body image not only serves as an outcome of selfie-behaviors but also as a motive preceding selfiebehaviors. ...
... Selfies refer to self-portraits that a person takes using a smartphone or webcam [67], and groupfies refer to group selfies [68]. Across disciplines, recent studies examined the psychological effects of posting SNS selfies/groupfies [68], the effects of selfies on self-esteem and social sensitivity [69], romantic selfie-posting behavior and love levels [70], selfie-editing frequency and social comparison [67], marketing implications of consumers' selfie-taking [71], association between narcissism and selfies [72,73], relationship between social exhibitionism and frequency of selfie-posting [74], and more. Veldhuis et al. [49] suggest that body image not only serves as an outcome of selfie-behaviors but also as a motive preceding selfie-behaviors. ...
Article
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Instagram not only offers an arena for the fulfillment of basic human desires but also cultivates new types of multifaceted desires and consumptions in Web 2.0 environments. This study aims to examine a wide variety of dispositional, psychological, and attitudinal predictors of Instagram consumption and selfie-and-groupfie cultures. Three cross-sectional surveys (Study 1 (N = 108); Study 2 (N = 140); Study 3 (N = 557)) were conducted, and empirical data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) with Mplus 8.0. Study 1 shows associations among appearance-related self-confidence, appearance-related actual–ideal self-discrepancy, materialism, and Instagram consumption. Study 2 confirms relationships among weight status perception, self-esteem, eating disorder, malicious envy, and Instagram consumption intensity. Study 3 further demonstrates dynamic associations among eating disorders, perceived mate value, narcissistic grandiosity, envy, social comparison, intrasexual competition for mates, and frequency of posting selfies/groupfies on Instagram. Theoretical contributions to the psychosocial and human aspects of the Web 2.0 digital culture, managerial implications for online dating cultures, and practical implications for consumption markets including social media-based health communication, cultural communication, and marketing communication are discussed.
... The images that users post on social media help to tell their story, construct their identity, and may even reveal deeper insights into the user's life and character. For example, romantic-selfie posting frequency appears to correspond with aspects of love toward romantic partners ( Sabiniewicz et al., 2017). For males, the number of romantic selfies per month was positively related to measurement of their overall love, passion, and commitment. ...
... For males, the number of romantic selfies per month was positively related to measurement of their overall love, passion, and commitment. For females, posting more romantic selfies was linked to feelings of commitment ( Sabiniewicz et al., 2017). ...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the thoughts that social media users have prior to posting or ‘liking’ images on social media; particularly exploring the presence of egoistic, self-presentation considerations. Responses to two open-ended questions regarding considerations prior to posting (n = 203) and ‘liking’ (n = 195) images on social media were analysed using thematic analysis. Egoistic motivations influenced both posting and ‘liking’ an image on social media; suggesting an awareness that self-presentation can be affected (and therefore manipulated) through image posting and ‘liking’. Users also considered who would see their content or behaviour, and the effect this might have on others. Finally, ‘liking’ actually represents liking, with enjoyment and image value considered prior to providing public, online appreciation.
... The central research question (RQ1) of this study is to explore how adolescent sexting relates to perceptions of intimacy, passion, and commitment as defined by the triangular theory of love (Sternberg, 1997;Sumter et al., 2013). The theory has proven to be applicable in studying online behaviors, such as the associations between relationship quality and romantic selfie-posting behaviors by couples (Sabiniewicz, Borkowska, Serafińska, & Sorokowski, 2017). It is found that there is a positive relationship between the amount of romantic selfie posting per month and the commitment dimension for both genders, and the passion dimension for men only (Sabiniewicz et al., 2017). ...
... The theory has proven to be applicable in studying online behaviors, such as the associations between relationship quality and romantic selfie-posting behaviors by couples (Sabiniewicz, Borkowska, Serafińska, & Sorokowski, 2017). It is found that there is a positive relationship between the amount of romantic selfie posting per month and the commitment dimension for both genders, and the passion dimension for men only (Sabiniewicz et al., 2017). ...
Article
Although adolescent sexting often takes place within the context of adolescents' romantic relationships, little is known about how the behavior is associated with their relationship perceptions. This study addresses this gap in the research by focusing on the associations between adolescents' engagement in sexting and their perceptions of intimacy, passion, commitment, and verbal conflict within their current romantic relationships. We report on a survey that was conducted in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium among 657 adolescents (n girls = 415; 63.3%) between 14 and 18 years old (M age = 16.41; SD age = 0.94) who indicated that they were in a romantic relationship at the time that the survey was administered. We captured the dimensions of intimacy, passion, and commitment as defined by Sternberg's triangular theory of love. The logistic regression analysis revealed that engagement in sexting within a romantic relationship was significantly linked to higher perceptions of passion within the relationship. There was also a positive association between perceptions of verbal conflict and adolescents' engagement in sexting. No differences were found with regards to commitment and intimacy when comparing those who engaged in sexting and those who did not. The results suggest that associations between sexting and relationship satisfaction are limited, and that sending sexts could function as a way to express feelings among adolescents who have a need for sexual and physical proximity within their romantic relationships.
... O gênero, por exemplo, pode ser tanto um preditor da quantidade de selfies postadas (com mulheres postando mais que homens e também se utilizando desse tipo de mídia como forma de autoapresentação), quanto uma influência da relação desse comportamento com outros aspectos pessoais (Dihr et al., 2016;Guo et al., 2018;Sorokowska et al., 2016;Weiser, 2015). Outros fatores já foram observados como relacionados a quantidade e tipo de selfies postadas, como a forma e qualidade de envolvimento em um relacionamento (Sabiniewicz et al., 2017), o exibicionismo (Guo et al., 2018), a autoestima e a sensibilidade social (Shin et al., 2017). ...
Article
Full-text available
As selfies são fotos tiradas sozinho ou com outros e compartilhadas nas redes sociais, e atualmente superaram a função de apenas ser um registro de momentos e passaram a ser uma forma de comunicação. Considerando essa importância na cultura atual, o objetivo deste estudo foi compreender as relações entre selfies e personalidade, através de uma revisão de literatura. Foram considerados estudos em inglês e português publicados nos últimos 10 anos nas bases de dados ScienceDirect, Scielo, Pepsic, Lilacs e BVS, sendo localizados a partir dos critérios estabelecidos um total de 7 artigos (todos em inglês). Os resultados indicaram uma constante associação positiva entre o narcisismo e diversos comportamentos individuais de postagem de selfies, enquanto os cinco grandes fatores de personalidade pareceram estar mais relacionados a comportamentos sociais nessa atividade. A partir do que é observado, demonstra-se a importância de desenvolver pesquisas acerca do tema no contexto brasileiro. Palavras-chave: Fotografia; personalidade; revisão.
... The theme of the selfies may reflect the relative importance of the action to the person; love and intimacy related selfies are relatively common (Sabiniewicz, Borkowska, Serafińska, & Sorokowski, 2017), and so are selfies taken during travel (Lyu, 2016). On the social media there are many selfies taken in sports and/or physical activity contexts. ...
Article
Selfie posting on the social media is a modern day phenomenon. While there are over 1,000 articles with the word selfie(s) in their title on Google Scholar, there are no reports on sport-selfies, which may form a distinct category among the many human endeavors. The objective of the present research was to determine the characteristics of sport-selfies and to scrutinize whether they match a general trend, or are distinct exhibitions. After the content analysis of 930 sport-selfies it emerged that although sports are dominated by men, women post more sport-selfies than men. The sport-selfies are posted by adults, over 90% of who are showing themselves in an individual and recreational context. Outdoor and land-based sport activities are the most frequent. In contrast to general selfie posts, it was noted that White people post more sport-selfies than those from other ethnic groups. The sport-selfies primarily originate from three nations: Germany, Brazil and Russia. Four types of activities dominate the posts: body conditioning, running, green (outdoor) exercise, and cycling. It is concluded that sport-selfies might represent a unique category of public exposure/self-presentation that should be examined apart from those falling under a generalized umbrella of selfies.
... The theme of the selfies may reflect the relative importance of the action to the person; love and intimacy-related selfies are relatively common (Sabiniewicz, Borkowska, Serafińska, & Sorokowski, 2017), and so are selfies taken during travel (Lyu, 2016). On the social media there are many selfies taken in sports or physical activity contexts. ...
Article
Full-text available
Selfie posting on social media is a modern-day phenomenon. There are over a thousand academic articles on selfies, but sport-selfies have not been examined to date, even though they might have a ‘positive message’ in popularizing sports and exercise. This exploratory work assessed the nature and origin of sport-selfies. After a content analysis of 930 random sport-selfies, it emerged that while sports are dominated by men, women post more sport-selfies than men. Over 90% of the posts portray adults who present themselves in individual and recreational sports. Outdoor and land-based sport activities are the most frequent. In contrast to research on selfies in general, sport-selfies are primarily posted by White individuals. Most sport-selfies originate from three nations: Germany, Brazil, and Russia. Images linked to body conditioning are the most popular. It appears that sport-selfies are culture, gender, and sport specific. The present results may stimulate interest in determining the reasons behind them.
... In particolare, Muise, Christofides e Desmarais (2009) hanno mostrato che facebook può facilitare gelosie e sospetti tra i partner insieme ad un forte stress emotivo, soprattutto nei casi di rottura della relazione (Lukacs e Quan-Haase, 2015). Il modo in cui i partner utilizzano le piattaforme social permette comunque di rilevare i livelli di soddisfazione relazionale (Papp, Danielewicz e Cayemberg, 2012;Sabiniewicz et al., 2017): l'online può potenziare la relazione, aumentandone la longevità (Toma e Choi, 2015), oppure inaridirla a causa di comportamenti di manipolazione e di controllo, che fanno capo a sentimenti negativi e instabilità emotiva (Ridgway e Clayton, 2016;Sánchez, Muñoz-Fernández e Ortega-Ruiz, 2017). ...
Article
The aim of this research is to analyse the web and its offer also in feeling terms, and how it contributes to the teens’ wellbeing. Ninety-one undergraduate students participated to the study that has placed side by side some projective items and interviews and survey typically used in this field. The teenagers don’t seem to be trapped in the net, instead they use it as an opportunity in order to discover ways of communication, to experience relationship’s forms and to understand their own feelings. Specifically, the peer group, the home life and the childhood memories, marked by the use of technology, are characterized by positive feelings, instead the romantic relationship is affected by ambivalent feelings. Adolescents combine family life and digital practices, wishing the participation of all significant relationships, starting with those experienced at home. Boys are not immune from temptation of online addiction, but especially girls suffer negative effects; although they show more diffidence, they entrust to the web their intense anxiety of control. Key words: Adolescents; Social Media; Digital-mediated Relationship; Emotional wellbeing; Use and/or abuse of social network sites. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Il lavoro si propone di analizzare, anche in termini affettivi, in che modo il web e la sua offerta contribuiscono alla crescita degli adolescenti. 91 ragazzi della scuola superiore hanno partecipato alla ricerca che ha affiancato a intervista e questionario, tipicamente utilizzati in questo campo, alcuni stimoli di carattere proiettivo. I giovani non sembrano affatto intrappolati nella rete, piuttosto la sfruttano come opportunità per scoprire i modi della comunicazione, sperimentare le forme della relazione e conoscere la propria vita affettiva. In particolare, il gruppo dei pari, la realtà familiare e i ricordi infantili, vissuti in termini social, sono connotati da affetti positivi, mentre la vita di coppia in versione social viene investita da sentimenti ambivalenti. Gli adolescenti compongono vita familiare e pratiche digitali, auspicando una compartecipazione di tutte le relazioni significative, a cominciare da quelle vissute in casa. Essi non sono del tutto immuni dalla tentazione della dipendenza social, ma sembra che siano soprattutto le ragazze a subire le tentazioni dell’online: pur mostrandosi più timide tendono ad affidare alla rete forti ansie di controllo. Parole chiave: Adolescenti; Social Media; Relazioni digitali; Benessere affettivo; Uso e/o abuso dei social network.
... O gênero, por exemplo, pode ser tanto um preditor da quantidade de selfies postadas (com mulheres postando mais que homens e também se utilizando desse tipo de mídia como forma de autoapresentação), quanto uma influência da relação desse comportamento com outros aspectos pessoais (Dihr et al., 2016;Guo et al., 2018;Sorokowska et al., 2016;Weiser, 2015). Outros fatores já foram observados como relacionados a quantidade e tipo de selfies postadas, como a forma e qualidade de envolvimento em um relacionamento (Sabiniewicz et al., 2017), o exibicionismo (Guo et al., 2018), a autoestima e a sensibilidade social (Shin et al., 2017). ...
Article
Full-text available
As selfies são fotos tiradas sozinho ou com outros e compartilhadas nas redes sociais, e atualmente superaram a função de apenas ser um registro de momentos e passaram a ser uma forma de comunicação. Considerando essa importância na cultura atual, o objetivo deste estudo foi compreender as relações entre selfies e personalidade, através de uma revisão de literatura. Foram considerados estudos em inglês e português publicados nos últimos 10 anos nas bases de dados ScienceDirect, Scielo, Pepsic, Lilacs e BVS, sendo localizados a partir dos critérios estabelecidos um total de 7 artigos (todos em inglês). Os resultados indicaram uma constante associação positiva entre o narcisismo e diversos comportamentos individuais de postagem de selfies, enquanto os cinco grandes fatores de personalidade pareceram estar mais relacionados a comportamentos sociais nessa atividade. A partir do que é observado, demonstra-se a importância de desenvolver pesquisas acerca do tema no contexto brasileiro.
... In regard to gender, few studies incorporate gender as moderator of the relationship between couple visibility and quality of oRRs. Sabiniewicz, Borkowska, Serafin´ska and Sorokowski (2017) found that the level of love was related with romantic selfie-posting behaviour, and the relationship was stronger for men than for women. Furthermore, to be FBO for women (more than for men), indicated exclusivity and seriousness and it was noteworthy in both online and offline contexts . ...
Article
Social Network Sites (SNS) have changed the landscape for inter-personal communication and relationship maintenance (Hertlein & Stevenson, 2010). SNS is in fact a type of social media outlet, a web-based-service that allows maintenance of social relationships within one's publicly visible social network (Ellison, 2007). Connecting two billion users every day (Facebook, 2017), Facebook is one of today's most popular SNSs; its expansion has increased the scientific community's interest, giving social scientists the opportunity to observe behaviour, to test hypotheses , and to recruit participants in a naturalistic and new setting. In the first wide literature review of Facebook, Wilson, Gosling and Graham (2012) established five areas of research: characteristics of users, motivations, identity presentation strategies, privacy and information disclosure, and the role of Facebook on social interaction. However, the authors did not systematically distinguish the role of Facebook on friendship and on romantic social interactions. A recent attempt to analyse the role of SNSs on romantic relationships was pursued systematically by Rus and Tiemensma's (2017). With the aim of identifying theory-based approaches and methodological constructs (i.e., attachment style or romantic jealousy) used for studying the association between SNS use and romantic relationships , authors considered twenty-six peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 Empirical studies reveal Social Network Sites (SNS) have multiple applications related to intimate relationships. Through SNS, people can meet partners, maintain relationships, and portray commitment. Existing evidence includes both positive and negative outcomes for offline Romantic Relationships (oRRs). Nevertheless, unification and coherent frameworks on the relationship between SNSs' use and quality of oRR and factors influencing these relationships have not been provided. This was the aim of this systematic literature review that analysed a corpus of 65 peer-reviewed articles. Results from the study uncovered positive and negative outcomes of SNS on the quality of oRR in relation to online behaviour that is at least partially guided-i.e., moderated-by individual differences of the people involved, especially by the individual's attachment style. Imperato, C., & Mancini, T. (2019). «Couples in trouble» because of Social Networks? A systematic review. Psicologia sociale, 14(2), 165-204. https://doi.org/10.1482/94265
... The Triangular Theory of Love is a prominent theoretical love concept used in empirical research (e.g., Billedo et al., 2015;Sabiniewicz et al., 2017;Weisman et al., 2015). Unfortunately, similar to other studies from the area of social sciences (see Henrich et al., 2010), previous research comprised almost exclusively Western samples. ...
Article
Full-text available
The Triangular Theory of Love (measured with Sternberg’s Triangular Love Scale – STLS) is a prominent theoretical concept in empirical research on love. To expand the culturally homogeneous body of previous psychometric research regarding the STLS, we conducted a large-scale cross-cultural study with the use of this scale. In total, we examined more than 11,000 respondents, but as a result of applied exclusion criteria, the final analyses were based on a sample of 7332 participants from 25 countries (from all inhabited continents). We tested configural invariance, metric invariance, and scalar invariance, all of which confirmed the cultural universality of the theoretical construct of love analyzed in our study. We also observed that levels of love components differ depending on relationship duration, following the dynamics suggested in the Triangular Theory of Love. Supplementary files with all our data, including results on love intensity across different countries along with STLS versions adapted in a few dozen languages, will further enable more extensive research on the Triangular Theory of Love.
... Las relaciones consumidor-objeto se basan en los mismos aspectos psicológicos individuales de las relaciones interpersonales, a través de las cuales pueden surgir diferentes sentimientos relacionados con el amor (Steinberg, 1986). Asimismo, esta teoría ha sido empleada para analizar las diferentes relaciones de amor que el individuo establece con otras personas, lugares, objetos o (Carroll and Ahuvia, 2006;Batra, Ahuvia and Bagozzi, 2012;Sabiniewicz et al., 2017;Aro, Suomi and Saraniemi, 2018). En este aspecto, el presente trabajo extiende la TTA y propone que en interacciones individuo-AV se desarrollan experiencias que estimulan todos no niveles del individuo, pudiendo desencadenarse sentimientos como la pasión, el compromiso y la intimidad. ...
Conference Paper
Resumen: Tras los cambios acontecidos en nuestra sociedad durante los últimos años, promovidos por la revolución tecnológica, el reciente desarrollo de la Inteligencia Artificial (IA) aplicada a tecnologías controladas por la voz está irrumpiendo con gran fuerza. Así, estas tecnologías hacen que las relaciones que los consumidores establecen con empresas y con otros individuos sean más interactivas y personales que nunca. No obstante, debe tenerse en cuenta que la comunicación "sin pantalla", proporcionada por asistentes de voz como Alexa, Google Assistant, Siri o Cortana, presenta desafíos importantes. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo analizar cómo el individuo desarrolla ciertos sentimientos relativos al amor hacia la tecnología inteligente controlada por la voz. Para ello, se centra en las diferentes dimensiones inherentes a la experiencia que el individuo vive con este tipo de tecnología. Con las respuestas de 717 usuarios encuestados en el mercado estadounidenses, los resultados obtenidos demuestran que las dimensiones de la experiencia ejercen un efecto positivo en la pasión, la cual ejerce un papel mediador entre dicha experiencia y la intimidad y el compromiso experimentado por el individuo. Palabras claves: Experiencia del cliente, Asistentes de voz, Teoría triangular del amor 1. Introducción La revolución tecnológica acontecida en los últimos años está influyendo de manera significativa y transversal sobre los modelos sociales y económicos, tal y como los conocemos en la actualidad. Dentro de esta revolución, las tecnologías inteligentes, basadas en inteligencia artificial, han surgido con gran fuerza, conllevando nuevos desarrollos innovadores y alterando la forma en la que los consumidores se relacionan con las marcas. En este contexto, las empresas deben no sólo enfrentarse a un contexto especialmente dinámico, sino también adaptarse a contactos de naturaleza "no humana", cada vez más virtuales e interactivos con los consumidores. Así, humanizar máquinas a niveles de cognición y transmitir información en interacciones semejantes a las relaciones interpersonales exige algo más que una gran capacidad de almacenaje. La máquina debe estar dotada de voz con capacidad de habla y entendimiento, reflejando un alto nivel de aproximación a las características humanas (Hoffman and Novak, 2018). En este contexto, los asistentes personales inteligentes controlados por la voz emergen como una novedosa forma de contacto y relación del individuo con la máquina, los cuales se apoyan en la virtualidad y la ubicuidad, tal y como ocurre con otras tecnologías generalmente aceptadas, pero "evitan que los consumidores tengan que presionar teclas manualmente o deslizar los dedos en pantallas táctiles" (Son and Oh, 2018, p. 02). Los asistentes personales controlados por voz (en adelante AVs) son definidos como dispositivos inalámbricos dotados de inteligencia artificial, capaces de asimilar y reproducir la voz humana a través de interacciones conversacionales con respuestas sintetizadas y personalizadas, las cuales proporcionan asistencia personal, profesional, administrativa, técnica o social (Riccardi, 2014; Ford and Palmer, 2018; Hoy, 2018). A nivel mundial, los AVs más reconocidos son: Alexa de Amazon, Google Assistant, Siri de Apple y Cortana de Microsoft. Informes recientes han demostrado que
... Las relaciones consumidor-objeto se basan en los mismos aspectos psicológicos individuales de las relaciones interpersonales, a través de las cuales pueden surgir diferentes sentimientos relacionados con el amor (Steinberg, 1986). Asimismo, esta teoría ha sido empleada para analizar las diferentes relaciones de amor que el individuo establece con otras personas, lugares, objetos o (Carroll and Ahuvia, 2006;Batra, Ahuvia and Bagozzi, 2012;Sabiniewicz et al., 2017;Aro, Suomi and Saraniemi, 2018). En este aspecto, el presente trabajo extiende la TTA y propone que en interacciones individuo-AV se desarrollan experiencias que estimulan todos no niveles del individuo, pudiendo desencadenarse sentimientos como la pasión, el compromiso y la intimidad. ...
... A TTA tem sido aplicada para analisar as diferentes relações de amor que o indivíduo estabelece no decorrer da sua vida a partir de experiências com outras pessoas, lugares, objetos ou coisas (Carroll y Ahuvia, 2006;Batra, Ahuvia y Bagozzi, 2012;Sabiniewicz et al., 2017;Aro, Suomi y Saraniemi, 2018). No entanto, não há registros prévios na literatura sobre a aplicabilidade da teoria em interações do indivíduo com tecnologias inteligentes. ...
... Online couple visibility was found to positively correlate with relational satisfaction (Emery et al., 2015;Papp et al., 2012) and with the overall relationship quality (Steers et al., 2016). Becoming FBO led to high levels of closeness (Castañeda et al., 2015;Saslow et al., 2013), love (Sabiniewicz et al., 2017), intimacy and support (Sherrell & Lambie, 2016), high commitment (Castañeda et al., 2015), relationship longevity (Toma & Choi, 2015), and high level of communication . Moreover, online couple visibility increased relationship satisfaction, commitment, and investment (Lane et al., 2016). ...
Article
Facebook has been identified as one of the most influential social network site (SNS) in the formation, maintenance and interruption of romantic relationships. Over the last decade, several studies have been carried out on Facebook and romantic relationships; however, there is still lack of evidence on how the reciprocal perceptions of partners’ behaviours on Facebook relate with couple relationship quality. This study aimed to fill this gap examing whether and to what extent participants’ surveillance and visibility behaviour related with the perception of their partner’s surveillance and visibility behaviour, and to what extent this perception related with both romantic jealousy and relationship quality. A sample of 635 heterosexual women having a romantic relationship participated in a study, which consisted of answering an online questionnaire with items on both the participants’ and their partner’s online behaviour. Path analyses were used for testing the hypotheses. Results showed that Facebook supported behaviours that can affect the quality of romantic relationship. Contrary to what expected, both online surveillance and couple visibility positively related with romantic jealousy, which in turn mediated the relation between surveillance and relationship quality, thereby worsening the participants’ perception of couple relationship quality.
... Due to the high level of subjectivity of the phenomenon, studying about love is not easy. Among many psychological theories of love (see Hatfield et al., 2012), the Triangular Theory of Love by Sternberg (1986) is one of the most popular ones; it is also broadly used in empirical research (e.g., Aron and Henkemeyer, 1995;Sumter et al., 2013;Sabiniewicz et al., 2017). According to Sternberg, love is formed as a triangle with the following key constructs as vertices: intimacy, passion, and commitment (Sternberg, 1986) Passion pertains to romance, physical attraction, and sexual intercourse. ...
Article
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As love seems to be universal, researchers have attempted to find its biological basis. However, no studies till date have shown its direct association with reproductive success, which is broadly known to be a good measure of fitness. Here, we show links between love, as defined by the Sternberg Triangular Theory of Love, and reproductive success among the Hadza—traditional hunter-gatherer population. We found that commitment and reproductive success were positively and consistently related in both sexes, with number of children showing negative and positive associations with intimacy and passion, respectively, only among women. Our study may shed new light on the meaning of love in humans' evolutionary past, especially in traditional hunter-gatherer societies in which individuals, not their parents, were responsible for partner choice. We suggest that passion and commitment may be the key factors that increase fitness, and therefore, that selection promoted love in human evolution. However, further studies in this area are recommended.
Article
Given the increasing dependency on social networking sites in modern society, gaining a clearer and more nuanced understanding of whether and how use of this medium is related to relationship quality is of unprecedented importance. The current study reports the first meta-analytic investigation of this research literature, integrating results from 53 independent datasets and 13,873 participants. The data provide evidence for both beneficial and damaging associations, with ones' own or perceived partners’ relational commitment, trust, and uncertainty most consistently explaining these relationships. With respect to positive associations, greater security was related to greater engagement of online positive relationship focused behaviors, such as uploading dyadic photos and having a visible and accurate relationship status. With respect to negative associations, lower security was associated with a greater propensity to pursue alternatives online, and for greater social networking site intrusion. Specific individual and relationship characteristics also influenced the magnitude of certain associations. Taken together, these data indicate that although the landscape of modern relationships has been substantially altered by the introduction of social networking sites, traditional relationship theories of investment and relational maintenance remain highly relevant to understanding which interpersonal behaviors are associated with specific relationship outcomes. This identification of a modern online translation of traditional relationship theories not only has important theoretical implications, but at a practical level can be used to inform the guidance provided to couples seeking to preserve or strengthen their relationships.
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Extending previous research on positive and negative correlates of Facebook use for individuals' outcomes, this study examined male and female dating partners' (n=58 couples) Facebook use and portrayals of their intimate relationship on the Facebook profile. Confirming hypotheses from compatibility theories of mate selection, partners demonstrated similar Facebook intensity (e.g., usage, connection to Facebook), and were highly likely to portray their relationship on their Facebook profiles in similar ways (i.e., display partnered status and show their partner in profile picture). These Facebook profile choices played a role in the overall functioning of the relationship, with males' indications of a partnered status linked with higher levels of their own and their partners' (marginal) relationship satisfaction, and females' displays of their partner in their profile picture linked with higher levels of their own and their partners' relationship satisfaction. Finally, male and female reports of having had disagreements over the Facebook relationship status was associated with lower level of females' but not males' relationship satisfaction, after accounting for global verbal conflict. Thus, the findings point to the unique contribution of Facebook disagreements to intimate relationship functioning. Results from this study encourage continued examination of technology use and behaviors in contexts of intimate relationships.
Psychologia miłości. Intymność, namiętność, zaangażowanie. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne
  • B Wojciszke
Wojciszke, B. (2000). Psychologia miłości. Intymność, namiętność, zaangażowanie. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.
Online authenticity, popularity, and the "Real Me" in a microblogging environment
  • J S Lim
  • J Nicholson
  • S U Yang
  • H K Kim
Lim, J. S., Nicholson, J., Yang, S. U., & Kim, H. K. (2015). Online authenticity, popularity, and the "Real Me" in a microblogging environment. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 132-143.