Twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the question remains ‘Do good fences still make good neighbours’? Since the Great Wall of China, the Antonine Wall, built in Scotland to support Hadrian's Wall, the Roman ‘Limes’ or the Danevirk fence, the ‘wall’ has been a constant in the protection of defined entities claiming sovereignty, East and West. But is the wall more than an historical relict for the management of borders? In recent years, the wall has been given renewed vigour in North America, particularly along the U.S.-Mexico border, and in Israel-Palestine. But the success of these new walls in the development of friendly and orderly relations between nations (or indeed, within nations) remains unclear. What role does the wall play in the development of security and insecurity? Do walls contribute to a sense of insecurity as much as they assuage fears and create a sense of security for those 'behind the line'? Exactly what kind of security is associated with border walls?
This book explores the issue of how the return of the border fences and walls as a political tool may be symptomatic of a new era in border studies and international relations. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this volume examines problems that include security issues ; the recurrence and/or decline of the wall; wall discourses ; legal approaches to the wall; the ‘wall industry’ and border technology as well as their symbolism, role, objectives and efficiency.
Contents: Introduction, Elisabeth Vallet. Part I Insecurity and Borders in Europe and North America: The Mediterranean Sea as a European border: trans-Mediterranean migration, forced return and violation of fundamental rights, Maria Chiara Locchi; The Canary Islands' ‘maritime wall’: migration pressure, security measures and economic crisis in the mid-Atlantic, Josefina Domínguez-Mujica, Ramón Díaz-Hernández and Juan Parreno-Castellano; A community of borders, borders of the community: the EU’s Integrated Border Management Strategy, Denis Duez; Border games: from duel to Russian Roulette at the border, Markus Heiskanen; Borders, bordered lands and borderlands: geographical states of insecurity between Canada and the United States and the impacts of security primacy, Victor Konrad. Part II Towards a Theory of Border Walls?: Walls and borders in a globalized world: the paradoxical revenge of territorialization, Jean-Jacques Roche; Border fences in the globalizing world: beyond traditional geopolitics and post-positivist approaches, Serghei Golunov; Is the wall soluble into international law?, Jean-Marc Sorel; Walls of money: securitization of border discourse and militarization of markets, Elisabeth Vallet and Charles-Philippe David. Part III Fenced Borders in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries: Walls and access to natural resources, Sabine Lavorel; Border fences as an anti-immigration device: a comparative view of American and Spanish policies, Said Saddiki; Walls, sensors and drones: technology and surveillance on the US-Mexico border, Rodrigo Nieto-Gomez; Technologies, practices and the reproduction of conflict: the impact of the West Bank barrier on peace building, Christine Leunberger; Towards a high-tech ‘limes’ on the edges of Europe? Managing the external borders of the European Union, Vincent Boulanin and Renaud Bellais; Towards the wall between Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora, Irasema Coronado; Border wall as architecture, Ronald Rael. Index.