Climate change is one of the most important environmental issues and concerns facing the modern society. In order to address the causes of climate change, governments around the world have agreed on targets for the reduction of harmful greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A number of greenhouse gases impact the environment negatively, and the most significant of these is the carbon dioxide. Therefore the GHG emission reduction commitments are expressed in the form of carbon reduction where the term carbon means carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) – a measurement that expresses the environmental effect of GHGs in terms of the equivalent amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) that would cause the same effect. The effect of a certain business, process, product or service can be evaluated in terms of the GHG emissions it generates and is commonly referred to as a ‘carbon footprint’.
Furniture industry, like many other manufacturing industries, generates carbon emissions. Therefore there is a great scope for the industry to assess and reduce its carbon impact. One of the major stimuli for carrying out this research is the lack of information about carbon footprint of furniture industry as well as the lack of understanding and fragmented approach to carbon footprinting.
The key finding from this study is that the embedded carbon contained within the materials and technological processes used for the manufacture of the furniture products are the highest contributors to the carbon footprint. Thus reducing the materials used in a product, or selecting lower impact (environmental-friendly) materials can considerably reduce the carbon footprint of furniture products.
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Article Full-text available December 2017 · Energy Procedia
The Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) accounting of the organizations is on the public focus in recent years since it reflects the contribution of the organization to the climate change. In this study, the emissions due to the energy related activities of a University in Thailand is assessed and reported as the performance measurement of the organization in term of the GHG emissions. The study
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Carbon Trust, a UK-based government-funded organization, has initiated a carbon labeling scheme with total greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions given as carbon dioxide equivalent on consumer products and services. The trust awards Carbon Reduction Label to companies that have either reduced or are committed to reducing their carbon footprint, and also exerts the right to revoke the use of the label
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This paper explores the issues in estimating the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the tourism industry and related activity in Australia. The scope of tourism consists of the economic activities defined as “tourism characteristic” and “tourism connected” as defined in the Australian Tourism Satellite Account (TSA). Two approaches are employed and contrasted – a “production approach” and an
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The reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) is an important strategy in encouraging organisations to reduce their emissions and to publicly demonstrate to stakeholders their progress in reducing them.
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Emissions of Greenhouse gases (GHGs) are directly caused and indirectly induced by household consumption of energy and non-energy goods and services. Percentage of household consumption to Japanese national total CO2 emissions varies from 5 to 50%, depending on the scope of "emissions by households". Recent activities by Japanese national government on visualization of GHG emissions for consumers
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Scholars and practitioners acknowledge the benefits of organizations understanding their contribution to global warming and implementing carbon management strategies to address climate change concerns. A key element of a carbon management strategy is to reduce emissions, which requires an assessment of a firm's greenhouse gas emissions. For most organizations the indirect (scope 3) emissions
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To minimize administration efforts and to base all energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions recording on the same consistent operational database, an integrated approach to manage energy and capture carbon footprint in one management system is recommended. Measuring and reporting terminal GHG-emissions currently is not mandatory but recommended in the view of already existing and upcoming
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This article explains the methodology of calculation of the carbon footprint of container terminals as a link in the logistics chain. Read more November 2010 · Ecological Economics
Local climate action has been identified as a vital contributor to global mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This paper focuses on the GHG emissions resulting from the provision of local public services, illustrated through the Carbon Footprint (CF) indicator. The CF of all 429 Norwegian municipalities is calculated and compared to variables of interest. Results show that the CF
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Europe's 2020 greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target consists of two sub-targets: one for the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) sectors and one for the non-ETS sectors. The non-ETS target covers CO2 emissions in buildings, transport and non-ETS industry and non-CO2 GHG emissions. The non-ETS target is known as Europe's Effort Sharing Decision. This article discusses the GDP per capita method the
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