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Preparing for the Future: Understanding the Seven Capabilities of Cloud Computing

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... CC is increasingly used throughout SCs. In complex SC environments, CC is expected to improve agility and collaboration abilities within the SC by providing real-time and up-to-date information related to inventory level, production requirement, product availability, and shipment status (Iyer and Henderson, 2010). CC implementation improves the transparency of the SC information and the data integration through the SC, and it spreads reliable and real-time inventory data (Souri et al., 2017). ...
... This supports inventory management and eases the interconnection of production, raw materials and processes orders in real-time (Liu et al., 2016). Some studies found a positive and significant effect of CC and SCA (Camara et al., 2015;Oyelude, 2015;Iyer and Henderson, 2010). Based on the findings of these studies the following hypothesis is proposed: ...
... The findings also indicated that Jordanian manufacturing companies rely heavily on CC to enhance the agility of their SCs. This finding is in line with those of previous studies that have described the important role of CC in improving SCA (Camara et al., 2015;Oyelude, 2015;Iyer and Henderson, 2010). For instance, Camara et al. (2015) stated that CC supports a company's SCA by bringing configurability, flexibility, low implementation cost and cost effectiveness to the SC and IT implementation. ...
... The term cloud estimate happens first plan in 1997 but allure publicity and legal taking of another's child has happen slow as far as 2007 [13]. Some person who is very involved in education and learning consider the beginning of cloud calculate to have exist obvious apiece introduction of Amanzon Elastic Compute Cloud as a charge for service or privilege located monetary product [14]. ...
... The role of taxonomies is to provide a structure and an organization to the knowledge of a field thus enabling researchers to study the relationships among concepts and, therefore, to hypothesize about these relationships [13]. Taxonomic information is also essential for cloud service providers, enterprise firms, and border authorities to detect, manage, and control invasive alien components [10]. ...
... Security and privacy: [13], said security and privacy affect the entire cloud computing stack, since there is a massive use of third-party services and infrastructures that are used to host important data or to perform critical operations. ...
Article
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In this 21st Century technology extent of time and worldwide integration, various narrow and medium enterprises exist adopting cloud calculate for their trade operations. Cloud calculate exist an increasing information in visible form Centre technology in accordance with the becoming more intense traffic connected to the internet fashionable the period of the Internet of Things (IoT). These electronics outwit the defect of conventional servers for speed, scalability and effectiveness. However, skilled exist still narrow enterprises that exist undecided of the appropriate of cloud computing time in military operation fashionable trade movement. Thus, this paper is inscribed to survey the views of person who is very involved in education and learning about the benefits of cloud computing rite of a fashionable trade movement that motivate bureaucracy to legally care for business enterprise. The aims of the study include to ascertain the benefits of cloud to small-scale enterprises in India, to determine the challenges facing cloud users and to unravel the strategies that can improve the strategic growth of cloud users in India enterprises. The researcher used a case study design and a qualitative research approach. The place of the study is Chandigarh University of India and Busy Network company in India.
... CC is increasingly used throughout SCs. In complex SC environments, CC is expected to improve agility and collaboration abilities within the SC by providing real-time and up-to-date information related to inventory level, production requirement, product availability, and shipment status (Iyer and Henderson, 2010). CC implementation improves the transparency of the SC information and the data integration through the SC, and it spreads reliable and real-time inventory data (Souri et al., 2017). ...
... This supports inventory management and eases the interconnection of production, raw materials and processes orders in real-time (Liu et al., 2016). Some studies found a positive and significant effect of CC and SCA (Camara et al., 2015;Oyelude, 2015;Iyer and Henderson, 2010). Based on the findings of these studies the following hypothesis is proposed: ...
... The findings also indicated that Jordanian manufacturing companies rely heavily on CC to enhance the agility of their SCs. This finding is in line with those of previous studies that have described the important role of CC in improving SCA (Camara et al., 2015;Oyelude, 2015;Iyer and Henderson, 2010). For instance, Camara et al. (2015) stated that CC supports a company's SCA by bringing configurability, flexibility, low implementation cost and cost effectiveness to the SC and IT implementation. ...
... Although the two share some similarities, cloud computing has idiosyncrasies that clearly distinguish it from IT outsourcing or-in the case of consumers-e-commerce services (Schneider and Sunyaev, 2016). Most importantly, cloud computing minimizes on-site installations and enables IT resources and data to be moved to remote services that are managed by a third-party provider and that have an unknown physical location (location independence; Iyer and Henderson, 2010). The underlying IT infrastructures and IT architectures are highly distributed across geographies and are shared between customers (multitenancy), in contrast to single-tenant architectures in IT outsourcing. ...
... To achieve these benefits, cloud services are highly standardized, with a fixed set of features and a common code base for all customers . Many cloud services offer interfaces that allow customization on top of common features and enable integration with other applications or services (Iyer and Henderson, 2010). These interfaces are maintained by providers, however, and customers have little influence on further development and are forced to adopt future releases . ...
Article
Cloud service certifications (CSCs) are assessed by practitioners to support strategic cloud adoption decisions with the aim to reduce information asymmetries. Both businesses and consumers scrutinize CSCs’ assurances as ex ante signals indicating a cloud provider’s future service quality. While some research has examined the aggregate effects of certifications on decision variables, recipients’ evaluations of certifications and their assurances before making IT-related decisions have received little attention. Furthermore, prior research has predominantly focused on privacy and security assurances in e-commerce certifications. Drawing on signaling theory, we propose that certifications are signals that recipients decompose into a set of fine-grained assurance signals that they weigh to evaluate certifications. We evaluate the responses of 113 company representatives and 317 consumers to a best-worst scaling survey to examine the relative importance these two groups attach to ten assurances from CSCs. Our results show that similar to other online contexts, security and privacy are important assurances, but additional assurances related to availability, the customer friendliness of contracts, and legal compliance are also demanded, particularly by companies. Privacy, security, and availability are most crucial to both companies and consumers, but their relative importance varies substantially between the two groups. Post-hoc subgroup analyses reveal significant differences in assurances’ relative importance for provider and user companies, adopter and non-adopter consumers as well as companies using different types of services and from different industries. Our findings indicate that recipients evaluate certifications as a bundle of signals with varying importance due to recipients’ characteristics and context. With this conceptualization, we contribute to an advanced understanding of the sense-making of certifications and lay out how it influences cloud service adoption theories. Our study has practical implications for certification authorities that design CSCs as well as for providing insights to cloud service providers on customers who draw on CSC assurances when making cloud service adoption decisions.
... External platforms utilization, as well as cloud services adoption or systems maintenance outsourcing, can be seen as a means to manage the complexity [34]. Schneider and Sunyaev [35] define a cloud-sourcing decision as "the decision of the organization to adopt and integrate cloud services from external providers into their IT landscape, that is, the customer organization's assessment of cloud computing offerings from one or more providers in any form of service model (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS) or deployment model (public, private, community, hybrid)". ...
... In fact, the impact of CC is not limited to benefits from IT cost savings [4], it is considered by [5] as one of the most significant shifts in modern IT and as a service for enterprise applications. Indeed, applications and software for major business applications such as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERPs), customer support, sales and marketing, have generally been run on premise on corporate servers, but now, vendors and cloud infrastructure providers provide it as an on-demand service. ...
Chapter
The ascent of Cloud Computing (CC) technology shall impact traditional IT and IT service Providers on many levels; for IDG Cloud Computing Survey [32], 60% of all IT infrastructure spending are Cloud-base, with both public and private cloud adoption growing. In fact, the world economy is moving from being products based to depending on services (Barqawi et al. in J Bus Ind Market 31(7):928–940 [10]) and CC confirms this trend by installing a service logic (Grönroos in Eur Bus Rev 20(4):298–314 [21]), in which the definition of “service” has evolved from a value offered to a value co-created. Therefore, the service dominant logic of Vargo and Lusch (J Mark 68:1–17 [12]) provides an excellent theoretical framework for studying the new role of IT service providers in the cloud era. Using qualitative interpretive multiple case study approach, this article discusses CC value co-creation opportunity for IT service providers in Lebanon by identifying their new role in fixing the CC roadmap from a service dominant logic.
... In most of the research papers, life cycle of subsystems are ignored while investigating the life cycle of technology (İntepe & Koç, 2015). Cloud computing development is contributed by different technologies (Iyer & Henderson, 2010;Zhang et al., 2010). This paper aims to investigate the maturity of cloud computing technologies using patents and papers as indicators. ...
... There are some technological "desires" that are crucial in a cloud-based service and these are addressed by the "technological dimension". These include: the desire for equality, which signifies the need for the adopted cloud-based service be equal with respect to latency, security and availability of the current service (Brynjolfsson et al., 2010); the desire for diversity, which signifies the need for adopted technology which has the ability to be used in a variety of ways (Espejo, 2000); the desire for abstraction, which signifies the need to adopt technology that does not involve unnecessary complications in the service it offers (Weinhardt et al., 2009;Iyer and Henderson, 2010) and the desire for scalability, which signifies the importance given to an adopted technology that is scalable so as to fulfil the necessary requirements (Owens, 2009). On the other hand, the "service dimension" also addresses certain desires which include: the desire for efficiency, which signifies the desire for the adopted specific service to be capable of improving economic efficiency (Hodges, 2011), the desire to facilitate creativity and ingenuity (Kautz et al., 2007) and the desire for simplicity, which reflects the need for the adopted specific service to be simple (Chesbrough and Spohrer, 2006;Lacity et al., 2011). ...
Article
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Purpose The significance of cloud services in information technology (IT) is increasing as a means of achieving enhanced productivity, efficiency and cost reduction. Through cloud-based service, the reliability and scalability of an organization’s systems can be enhanced since organizations such as local governments are able to concentrate on their main business strategies. This research seeks to identify critical factors that may have an impact on the acceptance of cloud-based services, where the organizational context is based on local governments in Australia. Design/methodology/approach To formulate a more comprehensive IT innovation adoption model for cloud technology, factors from the technology-organizational-environment framework, desires framework and diffusion of innovation model were integrated. Data was obtained from 480 IT staff working in 47 local government organizations. Findings The research results show that the factors which had a statistically significant and positive impact on the adoption of cloud-based services in local governments were compatibility, complexity, cost, security concerns, expected benefits and organization size. It is likely that the outcomes from this research will provide insights to any organization seeking to make investment decisions on the adoption of cloud-based services. Research limitations/implications Limitations include generalizability of the findings since the data is restricted to local government areas in Queensland, Australia. Further, the sample mostly included individuals with managerial positions and may not completely capture the cloud adoption factors relevant for front line IT employees. Another limitation is the possible omission of factors that may be relevant but not considered due to the selected theories. Lastly, this research did not differentiate between different types of cloud adoption such as private, public, community and hybrid models that are possible in this context. Originality/value The paper provides a combination framework of cloud-based service adoption based on a literature review on cloud adoption from an IS perspective. It adapts integrated model to establish a more comprehensive innovation adoption framework for cloud technology.
... This technical focus is astonishing, because cloud services per se have a comparatively low degree of novelty in technological terms (Zhang et al., 2010), but have radically changed the way IT resources and applications are implemented, deployed, provided, managed and utilised (Marston et al., 2011). Several researchers (e.g., Floerecke and Lehner, 2018b;Iyer and Henderson, 2010;Leimeister et al., 2010) therefore consider cloud computing as a co-evolution of computing technology and business models. The characteristic of being an enabler for new, innovative business models both on the provider's and the customer's side was the main trigger for the rapidly growing distribution and success of the cloud computing phenomenon (Böhm et al., 2011;Iyer and Henderson, 2012). ...
Article
The rapidly growing worldwide market for infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is increasingly dominated by four hyperscalers. On the flip side, the market share and number of regional IaaS providers have been declining steadily over the past years. Astonishingly, this fight for market shares has been largely neglected by the research community. The goal of this study is to identify the major drivers for this market development. To this end, 18 exploratory expert interviews were conducted with high-ranking employees of various successful regional IaaS providers in Germany. The results indicate that the central driver is the significant lower price of the hyperscalers’ offerings. Beyond that, eight additional important drivers have been identified. This study sheds light on the IaaS market and opens up future in-depth investigations. Regional IaaS providers can use these insights to develop strategies and business models for counteracting or at least decelerating the hyperscalers’ growing dominance.
... Several studies (e.g., Gutierrez et al. 2015) emphasize the importance of senior management having a clear vision and strategy to embrace CC as a driver of digital transformation, particularly for gaining competitive advantage. Many firms have developed cloud capabilities but fail to utilize these capabilities to their full potential (Iyer and Henderson 2010). Further, as a barrier to technological readiness, legacy systems (or "digital debt"; Rolland et al. 2018) are also an important consideration for firm's CC adoption. ...
Article
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Cloud computing (CC) has become a powerful driver of technological and economic transformation across nations. Yet levels of cloud service adoption vary, with limited adoption in many countries. For broader transformation, it is important to understand the predictors of CC adoption in order to design effective promotion policies. This study contributes by employing an institutional perspective to model technological and environmental predictors of country-level CC adoption, measured through a nation’s per capita CC expenditure. The model was validated through an econometric analysis using panel data for 45 countries globally over a 5-year period. Legal system quality and broadband penetration, among other determinants, are found to be robust predictors of CC adoption. At the same time, we uncover evidence for the “digital legacy” problem, in which trade-dependent countries struggle to enhance CC adoption because their export-oriented firms have invested in more traditional digital assets. Finally, we find that countries with large service sectors have relatively high current levels of CC adoption, and low growth of adoption. The study makes significant contributions by identifying these key predictors and providing policy implications for the promotion of CC adoption.
... Despite its low degree of novelty in technological terms, cloud computing has radically transformed the way IT resources and applications are implemented, deployed, provided, managed and used (Armbrust et al. 2010;Marston et al. 2011). Several scholars (e.g., Böhm et al. (2011);Iyer and Henderson (2010); Leimeister et al. (2010)) therefore consider cloud computing as a co-evolution of computing technology and business models. In the meantime, cloud computing is regarded as a foundational enabler for digital transformation initiatives currently taking place in many firms across all industries (Benlian et al. 2018). ...
Article
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Several significantly different attempts have been undertaken to visualize the complex and opaque cloud computing ecosystem by a descriptive model. Recently, scholars have developed a new role-based cloud ecosystem model (Passau Cloud Computing Ecosystem Model (PaCE model)) based on a systematic analysis and synthesis of the previous models. However, its scientific evaluation is still outstanding. The main goal is therefore to conduct an evaluation regarding its structural equivalence and completeness compared to the real cloud business according to the design science research paradigm. The second goal is to demonstrate the model’s usefulness by using it as an instrument for the identification of role clusters, which are frequently covered by organizations. To this end, a cross-sectional analysis is conducted, in which 758 organizations are manually analysed and matched with the model’s current roles. As a result, roles have been newly added, removed, broken down into sub-roles, abstracted to a meta-role and renamed. The cluster analysis unveiled five role clusters. Whereas some roles were predominantly found as single role, further roles were exclusively or very frequently found in combination with others. Overall, the revised model creates, compared to the common rather technically orientated market overviews by market research institutes, a detailed categorization schema helping to understand and investigate the organizations belonging to the cloud ecosystem.
... The revision 2.5 of CCMM enables to fill the designer's expectation, by providing new trend and reference for organization to take advantage of it. The recent CCMM version provides systematic thinking that allows the cloud designer to analyze the organization's needs and deliver the maximum benefits, reduce unnecessary costs and maximize the use of resources (20). ...
Article
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Cloud computing has evolved become important computing paradigm for all organizations around the world. Cloud computing emerges to address the limitations of organizational resources in deploying IT services. Due to its advantages, there are still many debates about how to apply cloud computing effectively. Many organisations have reported that embracing the cloud computing is not an easy task and surrounded with many complexities. The use of cloud computing depends heavily on the ability of the organization to adapt with cloud computing paradigm. In order to maximize the benefits of cloud application, each organisation needs to develop a systematic, broad, holistic, and pragmatic approach. Cloud computing maturity model (CCMM) is initated to provide easy tool for assessing current conditions and improve service capabilities related to cloud computing. Measurements the implementation of cloud computing however, is challenging task since it needs to address certain factors in both business and technical perspectives. The article applies the popular framework initiated by the Open Data Center Alliances (ODCA) cloud computing maturity model (CCMM) as essential reference to guide applying cloud environment.
... The recent emergence of cloud-based AIS as a business process platform also provides new opportunities for how accounting outsourcing can be organized and can, therefore, influence how companies make outsourcing decisions. Research has shown that cloud-based AIS can provide companies multiple benefits over the more traditional information systems, including easy access to affordable information systems that feature enhanced data processing capabilities, improved accessibility, and real-time collaboration functionalities (Armbrust et al., 2010;Iyer and Henderson, 2010;Mell and Grance, 2011;Oliveira et al., 2014). Deployment of cloud-based AIS also influences accounting configurations by providing a platform where the client company and the accounting firm can simultaneously work on the data and the process, thus allowing new ways of organizing the work in an outsourcing relationship. ...
Prior literature informs us that a company's decision to outsource a business process depends on process characteristics such as how frequently the process is performed or how specific the assets required by the process are. In this article, we compare the effects of accounting process characteristics on outsourcing decisions across users of traditional and cloud-based accounting information systems (AIS). By focusing on outsourcing of accounting processes among small and medium sized enterprises, we investigate the effect of five business process characteristics (frequency, human asset specificity, uncertainty, information intensity, and need for customer contact) on the outsourcing decision. Our results reveal that process frequency has a weaker negative effect on the outsourcing decision among users of cloud-based AIS. This appears to contribute to users of cloud-based AIS outsourcing a larger variety of accounting processes. Compared to traditional AIS, the inherent properties of cloud-based AIS such as ubiquitous access, scalability, and integration seem to encourage users of cloud-based AIS to also outsource processes that are frequently performed.
... Modular architecture, enabled by APIs, allows designers to independently create, subdivide, modify, and remove components without affecting other parts of a larger system. In effect, one can "virtualize" business processes in the manner of virtualizing computer resources (Iyer and Henderson, 2010). This also facilitates partitioning of decision rights (Tiwana et al., 2010). ...
... Security and privacy concerns Security and privacy concerns present the greatest barrier to cloud adoption (Armbrust et al., 2010;Iyer. & Henderson, 2010 ;Luoma & Nyberg, 2011 ;Su, 2011), due to the need for organizations to entrust external CSPs with their business-critical data. Such concerns include physical and personnel security in accessing machines and customer data, identity management in accessing information and computing resources, application security pertaining to applications ...
... The literature and surveys on cloud computing (see for example Gupta et al. 2013;Iyer & Henderson, 2010;Lin & Chen, 2012) describe potential benefits of this new technology for customers, i.e. private customers as well as corporate companies, institutions, service providers, administrations and so on, independent of their sector or size, even if cloud solution may be of particular interest for smaller organizations and institutions: "Nowadays as the price of storage and bandwidth continues to drop fast, Cloud-Based services are becoming more and more attractive and are affordable to small and medium-sized businesses which are seeking to reduce licensing costs, avoid recruiting IT staff and focus fully on their core responsibilitygrowing the business" (Cuni, 2015). ...
Preprint
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The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of the cloud technology on current research information systems (CRIS). Based on an overview of published literature and on empirical evidence from surveys, the paper presents main characteristics, delivery models, service levels and general benefits of cloud computing. The second part assesses how the cloud computing challenges the research information management, from three angles: networking, specific benefits, and the ingestion of data in the cloud. The third part describes three aspects of the implementation of current research systems in the clouds, i.e. service models, requirements and potential risks and barriers. The paper concludes with some perspectives for future work. The paper is written for CRIS administrators and users, in order to improve research information management and to contribute to future development and implementation of these systems, but also for scholars and students who want to have detailed knowledge on this topic.
... The literature and surveys on cloud computing (see for example Gupta et al. 2013;Iyer & Henderson, 2010;Lin & Chen, 2012) describe potential benefits of this new technology for customers, i.e. private customers as well as corporate companies, institutions, service providers, administrations and so on, independent of their sector or size, even if cloud solution may be of particular interest for smaller organizations and institutions: "Nowadays as the price of storage and bandwidth continues to drop fast, Cloud-Based services are becoming more and more attractive and are affordable to small and medium-sized businesses which are seeking to reduce licensing costs, avoid recruiting IT staff and focus fully on their core responsibilitygrowing the business" (Cuni, 2015). ...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of the cloud technology on current research information systems (CRIS). Based on an overview of published literature and on empirical evidence from surveys, the paper presents main characteristics, delivery models, service levels and general benefits of cloud computing. The second part assesses how the cloud computing challenges the research information management, from three angles: networking, specific benefits, and the ingestion of data in the cloud. The third part describes three aspects of the implementation of current research systems in the clouds, i.e. service models, requirements and potential risks and barriers. The paper concludes with some perspectives for future work. The paper is written for CRIS administrators and users, in order to improve research information management and to contribute to future development and implementation of these systems, but also for scholars and students who want to have detailed knowledge on this topic.
... Similar to these examples, many prospective cloud application users felt the anxiety of dealing with unknowns. They had significant concerns about the risks and challenges of cloud applications such as security, confidentiality, compliance, and service reliability (Brender & Markov, 2013;Iyer & Henderson, 2010). However, the recent growth in adoption of cloud applications suggests that users have become more familiar with their functionality and usability over time as these applications incrementally improve themselves and their use becomes more common. ...
... An example of how masked complexity works in practice is the adoption of cloud computing in printing because the complexity of big data management in storing documents, converting to print-ready format, and distributing it to the printer is hidden by allowing the end user to print directly from smartphones, laptops, tables, and other devices (Rudra, 2016 Sixth, ecosystem connectivity enabled by the cloud can bring together customers and partners in order to facilitate external collaboration that can lead to improve productivity and increase innovation (Berman, Townes, Marshall & Srivathsa, 2012). This networkbased system will provide companies with the opportunity to develop inter-organizational relationships with partners by sharing resources and providing access to information and processes (Iyer & Henderson, 2010). An example of ecosystem connectivity is the B2B integration platform developed by a UK third party logistics company called "Gist" in order to onboard faster trading partners and to offer flexibility in handling new partner message requirements (Liu, Yang, Qu & Liu, 2016). ...
Thesis
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The rise of new digital technologies is making firms conduct a variety of initiatives to explore their benefits. The improvements can provide businesses with competitive advantages that can lead to many potential benefits. However, in practice, the process of digital transformation is accompanied by many obstacles like regulation in the initiation phase and insufficient digital skills, culture and mindset issues to change, and lack of vision in the execution phase. Therefore, success with digital transformation requires companies to work in a variety of components continually. Successful implementation of digital transformation goes beyond technology and requires creating a transformative vision, plugging the skills gap, engaging the organization, creating a nimble and agile organization structure, and developing a digital strategy.
... However, this flexibility comes at the price of increased infrastructural complexity induced by the integration of numerous systems. The substantial academic contributions in this regard (Berman et al. 2012;Iyer and Henderson 2010) might help practitioners to overcome given issues. ...
Research
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Throughout the last decade, digitalization has fundamentally transformed the business world and put into question traditional strategy wisdom. As (digital) information technologies (IT) are the drivers of this transformation, we can expect it to have an even more profound influence on IT/IS strategy thinking. While several scholars have acknowledged the fundamental changes induced by digitalization on the conceptual level, research on emerging IT/IS strategy contents is still missing. This paper intends to fill this gap by revealing both practically relevant and theoretically valid concerns worth considering when developing IT/IS strategies for/in the digital age. Based on a working definition of digitalization, we present a set of hypotheses on how IT/IS strategies might respond to trends in digitalization. We also put these hypotheses to discussion in ten interviews with IT/IS managers in practice. Our research adds to a better understanding of the complex phenomenon of digitalization and its implications for IT/IS strategy development. Our research responds to calls for a stronger focus on strategy contents and more practice-oriented IT/IS strategy research.
... Cloud management system, which is considered as an evolutionary development, has made the provision of cloud services possible [2]. This is premised on knowledge advancement in technological innovation regarding virtualization, automation of datacenters and network connectivity [6]. ...
Chapter
Internet technologies have upsurge the shift from earlier organizational computing processes which were characterized by main frames, client-server models and personal computers (PCs) and have restructured the concept of computing into a phenomenon that uses infrastructure across the globe. This has given rise to IT’s reliance on heterogeneous network services and corresponding protocols. Internet technologies and virtualization are key features of cloud management systems. Cloud management system, considered as an evolutionary development, has made the provision of cloud services possible. This is premised on knowledge advancement in technological innovation regarding virtualization, automation of data-centers and network connectivity. A cloud-based VDI solution is a computing model where an end user’s system can access all the essential files and data virtually in spite of being alienated from the physical IT infrastructure. However, issues of load balancing and VDI implementation undermine the Quality of Experience (QoE) users obtain from cloud management systems. This study adopts qualitative metrical analysis and comparative metrics on load balancing algorithms to determine algorithms that ensure workload balance. This paper focuses on load balancing algorithms in cloud management systems and virtual desktop infrastructure. The paper further presents rules for implementing a load balancer in cloud management systems, techniques for VDI implementation and a corresponding matrix table.
... Launching IT service lines may create a particularly needed synergy that is otherwise difficult to realize. For example, a cloud service will not only benefit a firm's customers, but also connect different functional departments toward a joint force for best served market needs [56]. This functionality of ITS diversification serves as another push for firm value. ...
Article
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Firms that are traditionally not in the scope of IT increasingly develop IT services as new business lines to create better customer offering portfolios. The current research takes the first step to theoretically explore and empirically examine how these firms’ diversification to IT services may affect their performance as reflected in firm value. Furthermore, these relationships are modeled into three key interactions with firm size, firm age, and firm service intensity, to decode the differential roles of this diversification strategy on firm shareholder welfare in the varying scenarios along with the moderators. This research generates implications for theories such as IT and knowledge management, resource-based theories, and it provides practical implications for business managers.
... Auch die Frage, ob das Thema Cloud empirisch so rund läuft, wie oben dargestellt, ist ebenso wenig Gegenstand dieses Beitrags, wie die Frage nach der Sicherstellung der Passung zwischen Anbietern und Abnehmern. Das sind zweifelsfrei alles spannende und zum Teil durchaus beforschte Themen (Iyer & Henderson, 2010;Marston et al., 2011;Münzl et al., 2015;Venters & Whitley, 2012). ...
Chapter
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Viel wird geschrieben über Jugendliche, die den ganzen Tag in Bildschirme starren. Die Sorge wegen der negativen Veränderungen in ihren Interaktionen, die damit verbunden seien, ist groß. Studien zeigen allerdings: Die Interaktionen von Jugendlichen haben sich durch die Digitalisierung zwar verändert, aber nicht per se verschlechtert. Der Beitrag gibt Einblick in die kommunikative Lebenswelt Jugendlicher. Digitalisierte Interaktionen von Jugendlichen werden beschrieben, und es wird gezeigt, nach welchen Kommunikationsregeln sich diese organisieren. Am Ende stellt der Beitrag einen Bezug zum Kompetenzbegriff her und fragt, welche Kompetenzen Jugendliche in dieser Erfahrungswelt entwickeln.
... However, existing partners of enterprise software vendors face challenges when a cloud-based software platform is introduced and the ecosystem shifts to the cloud. Partners have to migrate their own products and services to the cloud, change the provisioning of their services, and convince their customers to adopt these cloud offerings (Iyer/Henderson 2010). Coping with these changes is crucial for partners to survive the paradigm shift towards cloud technology. ...
... The adoption of IT technology has been a major field of research in IS, especially around the TAM model and its variations. For CC, in particular, several researchers have considered the issue of adoption from various angles, including the determinants of CC adoption in industries and services (Oliveira et al., 2014), the issue of risk (August, Niculescu, & Shin, 2014), the evaluation of specific components of CC (Lee, Park, et al., 2013), organizational design (Choudhary & Vithayathil, 2013) and dynamic capabilities (Iyer & Henderson, 2010;Battleson, West, Kim, Ramesh, & Robinson, 2016). Our research contributes to the emerging field of research into CC adoption by examining the determining factors in four dimensions (human, technological, organizational and environmental) and analyzing their respective and relative importance for transformation. ...
Article
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Purpose The paper aims to address the organizational transformation of firms for value creation resulting from cloud computing (CC). Design/methodology/approach With reference to the theory of organizational fit, we modeled organizational transformation as a function of five aspects of CC practice: functionality, data management, roles and competences of information technology services, control and organizational culture. The output variable was tested against a set of input variables defined with reference to the technology–organization–environment (TOE) and technology acceptance model (TAM). Based on a sample of 487 companies in seven countries in Europe, Asia, and the United States, the authors distinguished two groups of firms: transformational and hyper transformational. Findings The results highlight the key factors that determine whether a firm falls into one of these two groups, and include perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use, complexity and compatibility of CC technology, and adequacy of resources. Top management support and government policy are found to only play a role for the transformational group while, surprisingly, vendor support had no impact for either group. Originality/value This research contributes to the literature on the role of digital transformation in value creation and on digitization of firms and organizational design, notably by considering the contribution of CC to the organizational dimension. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to make the link between TOE and TAM models and organizational fit theory, thereby going beyond the general approach to adoption found in information system research.
... The adoption of IT technology has been a major field of research in IS, especially around the TAM model and its variations. For CC in particular, several researchers have considered the issue of adoption from various angles, including: the determinants of CC adoption in industries and services [53], the issue of risk [4], the evaluation of specific components of CC [35], organizational design [13] and dynamic capabilities [42,6]. Our research contributes to the emerging field of research into CC adoption by examining the determining factors in four dimensions (human, technological, organizational and environmental), and analyzing their respective and relative importance for transformation. ...
Preprint
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The paper addresses the organizational transformation of firms for value creation resulting from cloud computing (CC). With reference to the theory of organizational fit, we modelled organizational transformation as an output variable, as a function of five aspects of CC practice: functionality, data management, roles and competences of information technology services, control, and organizational culture. The output variable was tested against a set of input variables defined with reference to the Technology-Organization-Environment (TOE) and Technology Acceptation Model (TAM). Based on a sample of 487 companies in seven countries in Europe, Asia, and the United States we distinguished two groups of firms: Transformational and Hyper Tranformational. The results highlight the key factors that determine whether a firm falls into one of these two groups, and include: perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use, complexity and compatibility of CC technology, and adequacy of resources. Top management support and government policy are found to only play a role for the Transformational group while, surprisingly, vendor support had no impact for either group.
... Users can profit from on-demand provisioning of computational resources according to a pay-per-use model [1, p. 1] and it is becoming more and more important nowadays and the services that come along are becoming vital for the businesses and companies all over the world that use them. A simple definition of cloud computing confirmed by many authors is: In Cloud Computing, the ownership, management upgrade and maintenance of resources are duties of third parties and end user's involvement is not needed [2]. Another approach of this definition brings Buyya in [3] and is as follows: "Cloud is a parallel and distributed computing system comprising a set of inter-connected and virtualized computers that are dynamically provisioned and presented as one or more unified computing resources based upon service-level agreements (SLA) developed via negotiation between the service provider and consumers". ...
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... Corporations must focus on cloud plans rather than technology, which will help them understand cloud services and make investment decisions better. CC has capabilities such as controlled interface, location independence, sourcing independence, universal and virtual access, traceability, and rapid elasticity [20]. CC is a combination of an on-demand shared pool and configurable computing resources. ...
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... Cloud computing can also be considered a pool of scalable resources from which an infrastructure can host end-customer applications that are billed according to usage (Sharma et al., 2020). Iyer and Henderson (2010) argue that cloud computing should be defined in terms of the services offered (infrastructure level, platform as a service level, application level, collaboration level, and service level) and in terms of the main types of cloud computing models (public, private, community, and hybrid clouds). ...
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... Regarding the most referred Benefits and Advantages of Cloud Computing and SaaS adoption, which are mentioned in this Literature Review, these are summarized in Table 3, where we can see that Financial and Functional benefits are the most referred in the Literature. [24] Sourcing Independence [22] The strong focus in Cost reduction or optimization, can be exploited in function of the impact in the bottom line in the Profit and Loss (P&L) account and consequently in the Firm Performance. However, there is the need to study further if this has to be balanced with the time period usage in order to understand if this becomes a sustained competitive advantage. ...
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As a new IT paradigm for users, cloud computing has the potential to transform the way that IT resources are utilized and consumed. Many multinational enterprises (MNEs) are interested in cloud computing but do not know how to adopt and implement cloud computing in their enterprise settings. In an effort to help MNEs understand cloud computing and develop successful enterprise adoption strategies for cloud computing, the authors propose a hybrid cloud model for MNEs and illustrate the utility of this model by using two case studies. Insights for adopting and implementing this model in international settings are provided as well.
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A new class of information system architecture, decision-oriented service systems, is spreading more and more. Decision-oriented service systems provide services that support decisions in business processes and products based on the capabilities of cloud-computing environments. To pave the way for the creation of design methods of business processes and products based on decision-oriented service systems, this article introduces a capability-oriented approach. Starting from technological capabilities, more abstract operational and dynamic capabilities are created. The framework created is based on an integrated conceptualization of decision-oriented service systems that allows capturing synergetic effects. By creating the framework, the gap between the technological capabilities of technologies and the strategic goals of enterprises shall be narrowed.
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Information systems capabilities play a critical role in employing cloud computing that is swiftly changing the nature of the business and transforming the manner organizations purchase and manage computing resources. In this view, the purpose of current study examines the effect of Successful deployment of cloud computing services as a mediate variable between information system capabilities and competitive advantage that Small Enterprises (SEs) in Thi-Qar province are derived from employing cloud computing. Data from a sample of 202 managers of SEs is collected to empirically test our model. The results indicated that a technical IT capability is the most influential factor to facilitate cloud success compared to relational and managerial IT capabilities. As well as our study showed that Successful deployment of cloud computing services is a mediate variable between information system capabilities and competitive advantage derived from cloud computing. We discuss how IS-based capabilities may be used to leverage cloud delivery models to positively influence in the successful implementation of cloud computing, and ultimately, SE competitive advantages basis cloud.
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