Chapter

Philosophy and Practice of Applied Social Research

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Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to encourage students to undertake their own research project, by outlining the steps to be taken which are detailed in later chapters. In doing so, we set out a philosophy for research based on participation with local groups and organisations and present an ethical basis for research practice which emphasises respect for informants’ autonomy. Finally we discuss the personal transferable skills which can be developed through social research, including the advantages (and the drawbacks) of teamwork.

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Article
The propagation of the radial and azimuthal components of a paraxial beam along the optical axis of a uniaxially anisotropic crystal is investigated, deriving the paraxial wave equations and solving the associated boundary value problem. As a particular case, we obtain the propagation equations of optical vortices and give an integral representation of their solution; we show that each vortex of topological charge m propagates independently from the others, both in isotropic and anisotropic media.
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