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The “corporealization” of the nation: notions of the unclean and viscosity in the nationalist discourse of Spanish fascism

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The present article focuses on the particular case of the nationalist discourse of Spanish fascism during the Spanish Civil War and the immediate postwar period (1936–1941), in order to explore one specific aspect of it: the characterization of the enemy Republican nation that was to be fought against as unclean and viscous or sticky. The aim here is to analyse what meanings these references possessed and what they can tell us about the general processes of construction of discourses of identity. For this purpose, use is made of certain propositions developed by sociology and anthropology, as a basis upon which to develop the hypothesis that the use of the aforementioned references has to be understood as part of a broader mechanism of corporealization of the enemy nation, which served to emphasize the absoluteness with which the latter was to be condemned.
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