ChapterPDF Available

Redescubriendo la ocupación solutrense del valle del Manzanares (Madrid). Las Delicias y otros sitios de talla y consumo

Authors:

Abstract and Figures

The Solutrean settlement of the Manzanares River valley (Madrid basin) has been a controversial topic over the history of the discipline. Despite the large number of bifacial assemblages, often considered Solutrean, known in the valley since the beginnings of the 20th century, their lack of stratigraphic references, chronometric dates and environmental data has prevented researchers from considering these industries as proofs of the human settlement of the Manzanares during Late Pleniglacial (MIS 2) times. The recent geoarcheological excavation conducted at the classic site of Las Delicias has provided geomorphological, stratigraphic, chronometric, technological and environmental data, which enable us to define this site as a Solutrean catchment and lithic workshop. Therefore, Las Delicias is the first Solutrean site in the Manzanares valley excavated with modern methods, in secure stratigraphic position, and yielding chronometric and environmental data. These data are a long-awaited boost for the study of the Manzanares' Solutrean, since they allow to rekindle the importance of the human occupation of the valley, up to now just inferred through uncertain data. The Solutrean record of the Manzanares valley presents relevant implications for the study of population dynamics in the Iberian interior during MIS 2. Therefore, it is important to keep doing research on Las Delicias, where a large amount of Pleistocene deposits still remain intact.
Content may be subject to copyright.
REUNIÓN DE ARQUEOLOGÍA MADRILEÑA
ACTAS
COLEGIO DE
ARQUEÓLOGOS
CDL MADRID
REUNIÓN DE ARQUEOLOGÍA MADRILEÑA 2014
ORGANIZACIÓN
Colegio de Arqueólogos de Madrid
Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural. Ocina
de Cultura y Turismo de la Comunidad de Madrid
Museo Arqueológico Regional
COMITÉ CIENTÍFICO
Jaime Almansa Sánchez
José Enrique Benito
Pablo Guerra
César Heras
Inmaculada Rus
Carmen Morales Sanabria
COMITÉ ORGANIZATIVO
María Domingo Fominaya
Miguel Ángel García Valero
Markel Gorbea Pérez
Jorge Jiménez Rubio
José Marnez Peñarroya
ACTAS RAM 2014
EDICIÓN
Colegio de Arqueólogos de Madrid
Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural. Ocina
de Cultura y Turismo de la Comunidad de Madrid
CORRECCIÓN DE TEXTOS
Jaime Almansa Sánchez
Ernesto Agus García
María Domingo Fominaya
Ana Fernández-Crehuet
Carmen García Fresneda
Pablo Guerra García
César Heras Marnez
José Marnez Peñarroya
Carmen Morales Sanabria
Javier Pastor Muñoz
Crisna Pérez-Marín Salvador
David Rejano Peña
AGRADECIMIENTOS
Enrique Baquedano, Luis Palop, Emilia Nogueras,
Pilar Mena y Leonor Berzosa
© De los textos: Los autores
© De la edición: CArMa y DGPC
ISBN: 978-84-617-6363-4
Depósito Legal: M-41028-2016
Producción del soporte digital:
Everyone+ - www.everyoneplus.es
COMUNIDAD DE MADRID
PRESIDENTA
Crisna Cifuentes Cuencas
CONSEJERO DE PRESIDENCIA, JUSTICIA Y PORTAVOZ
DEL GOBIERNO
Ángel Garrido García
DIRECTORA DE LA OFICINA DE CULTURA Y TURISMO
Anunciada Fernández de Córdova y Alonso-Viguera
SECRETARIO GENERAL TÉCNICO
Pedro Guitart Gonzalez-Valerio
DIRECTORA GENERAL DE PATRIMONIO CULTURAL
Paloma Sobrini Sagaseta de Ilurdoz
SUBDIRECTORA GENERAL DE DIFUSIÓN Y GESTIÓN
Alicia Durántez de Irezábal
SUBDIRECTOR GENERAL DE PROTECCIÓN Y
CONSERVACIÓN
Luis Lafuente Batanero
Este documento responde a las actas de la Reunión
de Arqueología Madrileña 2014, celebrada en
Alcalá de Henares los días 20 y 21 de noviembre de
2014. Los organizadores; Colegio de Arqueólogos
de Madrid y Dirección General de Patrimonio
Cultural de la Comunidad de Madrid, se reservan
los derechos de distribución de la edición que, en
todo caso, se realiza de forma gratuita y en formato
electrónico.
Índice
Prólogo.
Paloma Sobrini Sagaseta de Ilurdoz
Introducción.
Junta Direcca CArMa
PROYECTOS DE CONSERVACIÓN Y DIFUSIÓN DEL PATRIMONIO ARQUEOLÓGICO
Complutum y la conguración de un parque arqueológico clásico en la
Comunidad de Madrid.
Sebasán Rascón Marqués y Ana Lucía Sánchez Montes
1
El proyecto de invesgación arqueológica y conservación del Monasterio
de Santa María la Real de Valdeiglesias (Pelayos de la Presa).
Luis Fernando Abril Urmente e Ignacio Barceló de Torres
11
La recuperación del blockhaus nº 13 (Colmenar de Arroyo).
Francisco Javier Sanz García et al. 21
La Dehesa de la Oliva: boceto de una propuesta de futuro.
Rosa María Domínguez Alonso 29
PROYECTOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN DEL PATRIMONIO ARQUEOLÓGICO
Datos complementarios a la fauna con “Hispanotherium” documentados en el
subsuelo del nuevo estadio de Madrid-La Peineta.
Fernando Tapias et al.
39
Patrimonio geopaleontológico de los depósitos aluviales situados sobre la
terraza +28 m del Jarama. Nuevos datos micropaleontológicos y cronológicos
(Solar de la Real Fábrica de Paños de San Fernando de Henares).
Fernando Tapias et al.
49
Los yacimientos paleontológicos del Mioceno Superior del cerro de Batallones
(Torrejón de Velasco). 25 Años de invesgación.
Jorge Morales
59
Redescubriendo la ocupación Solutrense del valle del Manzanares (Madrid).
Las Delicias y otros sios de talla y consumo.
Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño et al.
71
Avance de los resultados de excavación del yacimiento de La Serna
(Arganda del Rey).
Lorenzo Galindo San José y Vicente Marcos Sánchez
83
Al abrigo de la Sierra. Nuevos enclaves con pinturas rupestres esquemácas en
La Pedriza Anterior (Cuenca Alta del Manzanares).
Alfonso Pozuelo Ruano et al.
95
Un asentamiento del horizonte Cogotas I en el casco urbano de
Villarejo de Salvanés.
Luis Andrés Domingo Puertas
111
Técnicas arqueométricas aplicadas al conocimiento de las sociedades
calcolícas madrileñas.
Concepción Blasco Bosqued et al.
123
Reconstruyendo Titulcia: de oppidum a municipium.
Mª del Carmen Valenciano Prietoy José Polo López 139
Las Zorreras, un yacimiento de la Edad del Hierro en El Escorial.
Mª Lourdes López Marnez y Jesús Marn Alonso 155
El Cerro de La Gavia. Un enclave de la II Edad del Hierro en la Carpetania.
Jorge Morín de Pablos et al. 169
Intervención arqueológica en el yacimiento Parque Warner:
problemáca y resultados.
Víctor Cantalapiedra Jiménez et al.
179
¿Resultó afectado el territorio complutense por la acción de un terremoto en el
siglo IV AD?
M.A. Rodríguez-Pascua et al.
191
Villamanta y el yacimiento de El Tejar. Primeras aportaciones.
Isabel Marqués Marn et al. 203
Actuaciones arqueológicas en el yacimiento Camino de Santa Juana
(Cubas de la Sagra).
Juan Sanguino Vázquez y Pilar Oñate Baztán
213
El yacimiento arqueológico de Los Palacios (Villanueva del Pardillo).
Mónica Major González y Eduardo Penedo Cobo 223
Actuaciones arqueológicas en la ermita de San Babilés (Boadilla del Monte).
Juan Sanguino Vázquez y Pilar Oñate Baztán 237
Dos enclaves minero-metalúrgicos durante la Angüedad Tardía en el centro de
la Península: Navalvillar y Navalahija (Colmenar Viejo).
Enrique Aracil Ávila et al.
247
Las fases preislámicas del yacimiento de Alcalá la Vieja.
Manuel María Presas Vías et al. 257
Tres perspecvas de un torreón del segundo recinto de Madrid:
la plaza de Puerta Cerrada.
Carlos Caballero Casado et al.
267
Poblamiento durante la Angüedad Tardía y la Edad Media en la presierra
madrileña: Cuenca Alta del Manzanares.
Fernando Colmenarejo García et al.
277
Aportaciones al conocimiento de la Casa de la Tercia de Villarejo de Salvanés a
través de su rehabilitación.
Amparo Aldecoa Quintana et al.
287
El Real Canal del Manzanares a través de la arqueología. Excavaciones
arqueológicas de la Cuarta a la Quinta esclusa.
Jorge Morin de Pablos et al.
301
Arqueología prevenva en el proyecto de remodelación de la Plaza de España
(San Fernando de Henares).
Consuelo Vara Izquierdo y José Marnez Peñarroya
309
Proyecto de invesgación y puesta en valor del casllo de Navas del Rey.
Elena Serrano et al. 319
Arqueología industrial del siglo XIX: la fábrica de cerámica de La China
(Galapagar).
Raúl Flores-Fernández et al.
331
71RAM, 2014: 71-82 ISBN: 978-84-617-6363-4
Redescubriendo la ocupación solutrense del valle
del Manzanares (Madrid).

Manuel (1), Mario (2), Fernando (3), Javier (2),
Felipe (2), Adara (4), Jorge (3), Alfredo (5)
y Manuel (5)






  



  -



    
-


-




The Solutrean selement of the Manzanares River valley (Madrid basin) has been a controversial topic over the
history of the discipline. Despite the large number of bifacial assemblages, oen considered Solutrean, known in
the valley since the beginnings of the 20th century, their lack of stragraphic references, chronometric dates and
environmental data has prevented researchers from considering these industries as proofs of the human selement
of the Manzanares during Late Pleniglacial (MIS 2) mes. The recent geoarcheological excavaon conducted at the
classic site of Las Delicias has provided geomorphological, stragraphic, chronometric, technological and environ-
mental data, which enable us to dene this site as a Solutrean catchment and lithic workshop. Therefore, Las Delicias
is the rst Solutrean site in the Manzanares valley excavated with modern methods, in secure stragraphic posion,
and yielding chronometric and environmental data. These data are a long-awaited boost for the study of the Man-
Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño et. al.
RAM, 2014: 71-82 72
zanares’ Solutrean, since they allow to rekindle the importance of the human occupaon of the valley, up to now
just inferred through uncertain data. The Solutrean record of the Manzanares valley presents relevant implicaons
for the study of populaon dynamics in the Iberian interior during MIS 2. Therefore, it is important to keep doing
research on Las Delicias, where a large amount of Pleistocene deposits sll remain intact.
Solutrean, Manzanares Valley, Spanish Plateau, MIS 2.

-



  

para el Paleolet al.
           
et al.

-






-

    
      et al. 2011 para el
       


et al. 2010: 117).
  

-
   -
 
  et al.    -
       

et al.
et al.et al. 2014).

Redescubriendo la ocupación Solutrense del valle del Manzanares (Madrid)
RAM, 2014: 71-8273
et al.
et al.-

  -
     
           
   
et al.
 
           




-
  et al. et al.   
 
-


-
et
al.

 


et al. 2012; en prensa).

et al. 2012: 435;et al.
2014-

           


et al.-

-
-




Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño et. al.
RAM, 2014: 71-82 74
             
 et al. en pre-

-
et
al.
-






Redescubriendo la ocupación Solutrense del valle del Manzanares (Madrid)
RAM, 2014: 71-8275
-
et al.
    
-

        -
-

et al.





Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño et. al.
RAM, 2014: 71-82 
  


3. La ocupación Solutrense del valle del Manzanares

       

          -

            

-


-

-


et al.-


2
-


-


-





-
et al. 2011; Panera et al. 2014).
              


           
et al.    -

Redescubriendo la ocupación Solutrense del valle del Manzanares (Madrid)
RAM, 2014: 71-8277




Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño et. al.
RAM, 2014: 71-82 78



Redescubriendo la ocupación Solutrense del valle del Manzanares (Madrid)
RAM, 2014: 71-82
 -

   

-



-
-





-

et al.
et al.
Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño et. al.
RAM, 2014: 71-82 80
  
et
al.-

 aún
   



-


-


 M. (2014): La transición del Paleolíco Medio al Superior en el contexto de la
historia disciplinar del Paleolíco (1852-1980). Un análisis historiográco integral

-

           
-



-


. (en prensa): 

Quaternary Internaonal.



, De punta a punta. El Solutrense en los albores del siglo XXI. Congreso Internacional
“El Solutrense-Centenario de las excavaciones en La Cueva de Ambrosio”

Arte
sin arstas, una mirada al Paleolíco-

Redescubriendo la ocupación Solutrense del valle del Manzanares (Madrid)
RAM, 2014: 71-8281
La Colección Bento del
Museu d’Arqueologia de Catalunya. Una nueva mirada a la prehistoria de Madrid


, M. (2014): 
-


-
El Paleolíco superior peninsular. Novedades del siglo XXI. Ho-
menaje al profesor Javier Fortea.

 (en pre-
             

-




  
Virtual Archaeology Review 5(10): 32-44.
-
Bolen del Museo Arqueológico Nacional
El Hombre Fósil-

Memorias de la Real
Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
           
-
ans and Neanderthals. Quaternary Internaonal
Invesgación
y Progreso 
         
(en prensa):       

Quaternary Internaonal (2015).



-
SPAL


Actas de las quintas jornadas de Pat-
rimonio Arqueológico en la Comunidad de Madrid
Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño et. al.
RAM, 2014: 71-82 82

     Bifaces y elefantes. La inves-
gación del Paleolíco Inferior en Madrid   


. (2012):  
Quaternary Internaonal
-
-


 (2000). 
Anquity


      


-
ano, Una visión global del Cuaternario. El hombre como condicionante de procesos geológicos.
XIV Reunión Nacional de Cuaternario, Granada (España)



Cuaternario y Geomorfología
132.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Article
Full-text available
During the execution of the two preliminary surveys required in the permit action undertaken in the plot of the Antonio Lopez street, number 241, several pieces of flint were found. These findings were primarily documented in the lower levels of polling 1. After presenting the respective communication of our findings to the competent authority, and given that the surroundings of this area host one of the richest concentrations of prehistoric sites in Madrid, we decided to conduct a series of systematic geoarchaeological and paleontological works, aimed at getting an in-depth understanding of the site. Obtained results demonstrate that analyzed levels have been reworked, and thus it is complicate to define specific archaeological assemblages corresponding to the geomorphological position of the deposit.
Article
Full-text available
The article presents an updated state-of-the-art on the problem of the pre-Magdalenian Upper Paleolithic settlement of the central area of the Iberian Peninsula. A review of the last published data suggests that classic models depicting an unpopulated Spanish plateau during the Late Pleniglacial must be reassessed. We also offer the first impressions derived from ongoing fieldworks conducted at the Upper Paleolithic site of Peña Capón (Sorbe River valley, Guadalajara, Spain). The archeological sequence recorded in this rock shelter, which confirms previous data and interpretations, will enable us, for the first time in research history of this region, to propose interpretations on human-environment interactions during the Late Pleniglacial based on solid archeological, geological and ecological data. Thus, we will be able to contrast previous proposals based on the Paleolithic graphic expressions of interior Iberia, which first demanded the necessity of considering a richer human settlement of the Spanish plateau than traditionally thought.
Article
Full-text available
The highest concentration of Palaeolithic sites known in the Iberian Peninsula is located in the lower stretches of the Manzanares and Jarama rivers. This area, together with a number of zones in the Tagus valley, constitutes one of the most important archives for the knowledge of the European Pleistocene. The purpose of this paper is to establish the chronological frame and the technological strategies implemented in manufacturing lithic tools during the Acheulean techno-complex in the middle stretch of the Tagus basin. Use of large flakes for making bifaces is common in the Acheulean assemblages from this area, as well as in the rest of the Iberian Peninsula and the south of France.The earliest Acheulean evidence has been dated to between MIS 15 and MIS 13. From MIS 11/MIS 9 on, this techno-complex is widespread in the region, until MIS 6, when the last evidence has been recorded. Handaxes, cleavers on flake and trihedral picks dominate in the châines opératoires of façonnage, which are present in significant percentages. Short châines opératoires of débitage prevail in quartzite, and discoid and polyhedric in flint. Most retouched tools are seldom elaborate. Lithic assemblages with châines opératoires of façonnage exclusively represented by handaxes start to be recorded towards the end of the Middle Pleistocene. These handaxes are more elaborate than previous and the retouched tools are more complex.Among the activities identified in the sites excavated in overbank facies, exploitation of large mammals, particularly proboscideans, is outstanding, as well as the manufacture of lithic tools and the exploitation of primary flint outcrops. The recording of long recurrent settlements on the same location is remarkable.
Article
Full-text available
The currently most widely accepted model of population dynamics in Southwest Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum depicts the Iberian Peninsula as a human refugium. However, this refugium was generally thought to be limited to the coastal areas of Iberia, while the interior lands of the Spanish plateau were explicitly excluded as areas of significant human settlement. According to what we have termed the “crossing-area model,” these inner territories supposedly had no Solutrean settlements, only ephemeral visits corresponding to the passage of hunter-gatherers en route between the more favored coastal areas. In this paper we test the validity of this model in light of new data from several sites in Central Iberia, namely from the Madrid Basin and the southeastern foothills of the Central System mountain range. We conclude that the crossing-area model does not explain the current data and therefore should be reassessed. Consequently, we propose to open up new avenues of research aimed at approaching the central region of Iberia in its own cultural and ecological terms.
Article
Full-text available
El yacimiento de Las Delicias (Madrid), conocido desde la excavaci?n practicada en el sitio por H. Obermaier y P. Wernert a finales de 1917, ha sido desde entonces uno de los referentes cl?sicos del Paleol?tico del valle del Manzanares, a pesar de las variadas interpretaciones que ha originado su problem?tica colecci?n industrial. Tras un an?lisis historiogr?fico de sus interpretaciones, presentamos aqu? un primer avance de los resultados obtenidos en un proyecto de investigaci?n sobre este yacimiento, iniciado en el invierno de 2008. Este proyecto, planteado a partir de la excavaci?n de parte de los dep?sitos cuaternarios a?n conservados en Las Delicias, se ha centrado en mejorar nuestro conocimiento geoarqueol?gico del yacimiento con el objetivo de resolver los interrogantes tradicionales que ?ste ha propuesto a la disciplina. El an?lisis tecnol?gico de la industria l?tica recuperada, junto con el estudio litol?gico y geomorfol?gico del dep?sito, permite situar en el Solutrense el yacimiento de Las Delicias. ?ste se convierte as? en el ?nico emplazamiento conocido en el entorno del Manzanares ?hallazgos aislados aparte? con industrias solutrenses en posici?n estratigr?fica bien definida y excavado con metodolog?a actual. Se apunta una primera discusi?n sobre las implicaciones de los resultados obtenidos en el debate sobre la ocupaci?n humana de la Meseta durante el tramo central del Paleol?tico Superior.The archaeological site of Las Delicias (Madrid, Spain) is known since the excavation conducted at the location by H. Obermaier and P. Wernert in the late 1917. It has been one of the classical references for the Palaeolithic of the Madrid region, despite the varied interpretations that have been posited to explain its problematic lithic assemblage. Following a historiographical analysis of the site?s interpretations, we present the results of a research project initiated in the winter of 2008. This project was centered in the excavation of part of the quaternary deposits still present in the area, and its main objective was to gain a better geoarchaeological understanding of the site?in order to solve the questions that it has traditionally posed to the discipline. The technological analysis of the lithics, together with the lithological and geomorphological analysis of the deposit, allows us to place Las Delicias in the Solutrean period. Thus, besides some isolated finds, this site becomes the only one in the Manzanares area containing Solutrean industries in a well-defined stratigraphic position and excavated with modern methods. We make some reflections on the implications of our findings for the discussion on the human settlement of Central Iberia during the middle part of the Upper Palaeolithic.
Article
Full-text available
The open-air Palaeolithic site of Las Delicias, located in the Manzanares river valley (Madrid, Spain), has been the object of recent archaeological excavations during 2008 and 2009. Field data gathered at the site has been processed through Geographic Information Systems software, and results have been represented in 3D. We have achieved a topographic and archaeological database which has been associated with 3D planimetries through GIS. At the micro-spatial level, this database will allow future studies on different topics, such as the genesis of the deposits and their conservation, displacement patterns of the archaeological objects, refitting of lithic pieces and planning of future excavation seasons at the site.
Article
Full-text available
The recent excavations (2008–2009) conducted at the open-air site of Las Delicias, located in the Manzanares River valley (Madrid), have revealed new important data for the understanding of the human settlement of Central Iberia during Solutrean times. In this paper, we present a geomorphological and taphonomic study of the Pleistocene deposits of Las Delicias, a technological analysis focused on the bifacial lithic reduction processes documented at the site, new Optically Stimulated Luminescence dates, and new palynological data. Together with the existence of numerous Solutrean lithic assemblages from the early 20th century excavations of the Manzanares terraces, these new data highlight the importance of the Manzanares valley as a focus of Solutrean settlement, not only related to flint procurement but also to foraging activities. Moreover, they require reconsideration of Central Iberia as a virtually unpopulated region during the Late Pleniglacial (MIS 2), and of the associated idea of its cultural dependence on the coastal areas of the Iberian Peninsula. We propose new avenues of research aimed at approaching the central region of Iberia in its own cultural and ecological terms.