OBJECTIVE, BACKGROUND: Cerebral angiography, performed within 24 hr of aneurysmal rupture, carries an increased risk of rebleeding. We have investigated the rerupture rate during angiography procedures under deep general anesthesia and the factors that contribute to rebleeding.
We divided 69 patients who had experienced aneurysmal rerupture into 2 groups. Group I (n = 13) suffered rebleeding ... [Show full abstract] during cerebral angiography and group II (n = 56) who rebled at a different time. We assessed the effects on rebleeding of the (1) time between the first insult and angiography, (2) WFNS clinical grade on admission, (3) blood pressure during angiography, (4) age and sex, (5) Fisher classification on admission, (6) aneurysmal site, and (7) Glasgow outcome score (GOS).
Factors that had a statistically relevant effect on rebleeding during cerebral angiography (Group I) were the performance of angiography within 3 hr of the initial insult, the admission grade, and the aneurysmal site. Especially, the rerupture events during cerebral angiography were concentrated within 3 hr of the initial insult; the rate was 23.9% when angiograms were obtained within 3 hr of onset. Group I patients manifested a worse clinical grade and middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms were prevalent in this group. However, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups with respect to blood pressure, age, sex, Fisher classification, and GOS.
Cerebral angiography at ultra-early timing (within 3 hr of the insult) carries a high risk of aneurysmal rerupture, even if the procedure is performed under deep anesthesia and normotensive blood pressure. Cerebral angiography during that period should be avoided.