Article

Globalization and Social Work: International and Local Implications

Authors:
To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the author.

Abstract

Globalization can seem a remote process, related only to the economic and commercial world. However, it impacts (differentially) on the work opportunities and living conditions of populations around the world and has also influenced thinking about welfare policies, including through state provision. It thus has implications for the practice and education of social and community workers in both affluent and poverty stricken states. In addition to social professionals who seek opportunities to work internationally, globalization is also affecting the practices of those who would previously have seen their work as essentially rooted in local conditions and community needs. This paper therefore gives some examples of the ways in which local practice may have cross-border and international dimensions, drawing on experiences in the child-care field, particularly in the UK and European context. The author indicates how international social work courses are aiming to equip specialist international social workers, while also arguing for the development of educational programmes which prepare ‘local’ social workers for practice in an interdependent world.

No full-text available

Request Full-text Paper PDF

To read the full-text of this research,
you can request a copy directly from the author.

... Ayrıca düşük ücretler, ağır çalışma koşulları ve bir ülkede reşit olmayan iş gücünün kullanılması, diğer ülkelerdeki ulusal istihdam politikalarını ve işgücü piyasalarını etkilemektedir (Ahmadi, 2003). Lyons (2006)'a göre bu noktadan hareketle her nerede olurlarsa olsunlar dünya halklarının birbirlerine bağlı olduklarını düşünmek mümkündür. Bir ülke veya bölgedeki olayların ve alınan kararların görünüşte birbirlerinden oldukça uzak olan nüfus grupları ve resmi olarak ilişkili olmayan devletler üzerinde geniş çaplı etki bırakması söz konusudur. ...
... Göçmenlerle ulus ötesi sosyal hizmet uygulaması açısından ulus ötesinde oluşan bağların ve göçmenler arasındaki ağların önemine vurgu yapılmakta ve bunlar birer kaynak olarak değerlendirilmektedir. Lyons (2006)'a göre, sosyal hizmet uzmanları yerel düzeyde uygulamalar yaparken, çoğunlukla farklı etnik kimliğe sahip toplulukların kaynak ülkeleri ile arasında var olan kültürel etkileşim ve finansal kaynakların transferi dâhil olmak üzere ortaya çeşitli şekillerde çıkan ağların farkındadırlar. Sosyal hizmet uygulamasının yoğunlukla kişilerarası ilişkilere dayanması ve bu kişilerarası ilişkilerin kültür ve diğer sosyal kimlik biçimlerinin etkisinde gerçekleşmesi, profesyonel etkileşimin uygulamada merkezi bir rol oynamasını sağlayarak sosyal hizmet uygulamasını eşsiz ve diğer mesleklerden farklı kılmaktadır (Bartley & Beddoe, 2018). ...
... (2010), ulusötesi sosyal hizmeti, ulusötesi nüfuslara hizmet etmek üzere, fiziksel olarak veya yeni teknolojiler yoluyla ulus-devlet sınırları ötesinde faaliyet gösteren, karmaşık ulusötesi problem ve ikilemlere vurgu yapan ve bunlar hakkında bilgili, gelişmekte olan bir uygulama alanı olarak tanımlamışlardır. Onlara göre "küresel düşün, yerel davran" önermesini (Lyons, 2006), "küresel ve yerel düşün, küresel ve yerel davran" şeklinde genişletmek gerekmektedir. Bununla birlikte Lyons ve May-Chahal (2017), küresel meselelerin yerelle ilişkisi ve ulus ötesi konular, uygulama teknolojileri ve yerel uygulamalar arasındaki sürekli etkileşimin en uygun ifadesinin "küyerelleşme-glocalization" olduğunu ifade etmektedir. ...
Article
Full-text available
ÖZ: Bu çalışmanın amacı küreselleşme sürecinin etkisiyle artan hareketliliğin sosyal hizmet meslek ve disiplinine etkisini ve bu etkinin düzensiz göçmenler özelinde ifade ettiği anlamı tartışmaktır. Bu doğrultuda öncelikle küreselleşme kavramına, boyutlarına ve sosyal hizmet meslek ve disiplini açısından çıkarımlarına yer verilmektedir. Küreselleşme olgusu hareketlilik açısından düşünüldüğünde sosyal hizmet mesleğinin yerleşiklik zeminine kurulu ontolojik zemininin sarsılmasına yol açmıştır. Bu durum, hem sosyal hizmet teorisi hem de uygulaması açısından dikkate değer bir konudur. Bu konu yabancı literatürdeki çalışmalardan yola çıkılarak Türkiye’deki uygulamalara dair çıkarımlar yapılarak tartışılmaktadır. Bununla birlikte küreselleşmenin yarattığı yeni güç eşitsizlikleri ve bu güç eşitsizlikleri ile mücadelede uluslararası sosyal hizmet ve ulus ötesi sosyal hizmet yaklaşımlarının sağladıkları perspektifler ifade edilecektir. Artan hareketliliğin sosyal refah hizmetlerine ulaşımı nasıl etkilediği, ulus devlet üyeliği olarak vatandaşlığın ve yasal statünün göçmenlerle sosyal hizmet uygulamalarını nasıl şekillendirdiği ve sürecin düzensiz göçmenlerle sosyal hizmet uygulamasına nasıl yansıdığı değerlendirilecektir. ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to discuss the impact of increased mobility on the profession and discipline of social work due to the globalization process and the meaning expressed by this effect in the special case of irregular immigrants. In this direction, the concept of globalization, its dimensions and its conclusions in terms of the profession and discipline of social work are included first. Considering the phenomenon of globalization in terms of mobility, it has led to the shaking of the ontological ground of the social work profession established on the basis of settlement. This is a remarkable issue both in terms of Social Work theory and practice. This topic is discussed based on studies in foreign literature, making inferences about practices in Turkey. However, the new power inequalities created by globalization and the perspectives provided by international social work and transnational social work approaches in combating these power inequalities will be expressed. How increased mobility affects access to social welfare services, how citizenship and legal status as nation-state membership shape social work practices with immigrants, and how the process is reflected in social work practices with irregular immigrants will be evaluated.
... Hence, the scientific discourse is divided into two streams of thoughts. On the one hand, it is necessary to involve social workers in the global level, lobbying international NGOs (INGOs) to tackle social problems and challenge social structures, influencing the political agenda, thus increasing the contribution of the profession to social development (Estes, 1998;Lyons, 2006). On the other hand, through the development of cross-cultural knowledge and global awareness, street-level social workers would be able to influence local practices, developing interventions situated in the interstice where the global meet the local, such as conflict in communities, migration, exploitation of children, division of people based on gender, race, ethnicity, class and religion (Dominelli, 2010a;Healy, 2008b;Hokenstad, Khinduka, & Midgley, 1992;Midgley, 2001). ...
... The first is the impact of globalization, Europeanization and regionalization that affect domestic social work (Lorenz, 2017;Trygged & Eriksson, 2012). Indeed, the possibility of traveling and moving in western countries is increasing the number of social workers moving around the world ( Barretta-Herman et al., 2016;Kahn & Sussman, 2015;Lyons, 2006). The second aspect is the impact exercised by this symbolic capital of 'mobility' (Bourdieu & Accardo, 1999) in shaping students' vision and expectations. ...
... In particular, they consider the legal conditions of non-EU citizens as a potential barrier. This underpins the impact of migration policies as well as employers' demands that are specific to the nature of the local social work occupation (Hussein, 2014;Lyons, 2006). What is certain is that the differences in training discouraged migration process and real possibilities to work abroad (Hussein, 2014). ...
Article
Nowadays, an increased number of international social work (ISW) educational programs have been developed with the goal to equip practitioners to face the social problems in the new modern era. Within our globalized world, social work is in the quest for professionals with a global mind-set and nontraditional abilities and skills. This article presents the findings of an explorative research carried out during the ISW master program called Advances. The qualitative research aimed to explore the perceptions, believes and opinions of those students and alumni who have been enrolled in the Advances program who were subsequently asked to think critically and reflect about their international experience. The Advances program is a practical example that might be helpful to reflect on both how to develop a collaborative process between international social workers during the early years of education and how to build commonalities and fight for a common cause, improving the global/local social workers’ mind-set, sharing cross-national concerns more than look for an international ideological definition of what should be (International) Social Work.
... Globalization, migration, and diversity need to become mainstream concepts in contemporary social work (Cheetham, 1972;Ewalt et al., 1996;Lyons, 2006), with a strong investment in defining the shared standards necessary for the development of professional mobility, via the funding of international research and training programmes aimed at strengthening "common values, knowledge and skills" (Harris, 1997, p. 429). ...
... National focus on vulnerabilities and responding to immediate needs has very often neglected to consider the global contexts of issues impacting on the migrant such as colonialism, slavery, wars and exploitations (Jönnson, 2014); in Italy, these issues are still quite unexplored, even if the debate has been open for years on questions surrounding the methodological framework of practices and the universality of social work val-ues and practice of international social work (Williams, Mekada, 2014). In fact, it is observed that the "international" in the social work profession has developed slowly in Italian reality (Di , by contrast with happened all around the world (Lyons, 2006;Dominelli, 2010), leaving many open questions about how forging robust and flexible responses to issues of migration. ...
Book
Full-text available
This publication is a resource book for Social Workers engaging in the field of migration. It aims to, on the one hand, display facts about the living realities on the ground migrants and Social Workers active in the field are facing, cir- cumstances presented by experienced practitioners and researchers of this field. On the other hand, it presents methods and approaches, extracting them from these experiences and reflections insights, relevant for Social Work and consequently, also significant for Social Work educational practice. The new challenges of the 21st century ask Social Work education for a change, adapting curricula towards more experienced based teaching practices, in- tercultural, participatory learning sites and exchange, and future oriented per- sonal empowerment and resilience training. International Social Work could take on a transformational leading role, as our global security and well-being of tomorrow depends on the educational foundations laid down today.
... Globalization and internationalization have impacted social work education, including field education and international social work (Lyons, 2006). Globalization is characterized by the: (1) expansion of local borders to involve social, political, and economic relationships, (2) increase in travel, migration, and immigration, (3) cultural infusion, (4) industrialization and urbanization, and (5) global liberalization and amalgamation of economic systems (Dominelli, 2010;Lyons, 2006). ...
... Globalization and internationalization have impacted social work education, including field education and international social work (Lyons, 2006). Globalization is characterized by the: (1) expansion of local borders to involve social, political, and economic relationships, (2) increase in travel, migration, and immigration, (3) cultural infusion, (4) industrialization and urbanization, and (5) global liberalization and amalgamation of economic systems (Dominelli, 2010;Lyons, 2006). Internationalization refers to "cross-border flows -of students, staff, and knowledge -and international cooperation" (Tight, 2021, p. 54). ...
Article
Full-text available
International practicum, or international field placements, create opportunities for social work students to address global social challenges in an international setting and prepare for social work practice. The landscape of international practica in social work has evolved and shifted over the last two decades. This article reports on the findings of a literature review that was conducted to understand how international practicum has changed over time. The study established search criteria that led to the inclusion of 70 publications, 16 in the first decade (2000 to 2010) and 54 in the second decade (2011 to 2020) utilizing the web of Science and Social Work Abstracts, as well as specific searches conducted on the University of Calgary Library Database, EBSCO host, ProQuest, and Google Scholar. The results of the literature review show that there were fewer publications in the first decade and the emphasis was on understanding international practicum and field models. During the second decade, the published literature on international practicum tripled, focusing predominantly on developing new field education models, engaging in critical reflection and theory, and how to create successful field placements for students through preparation, teaching, and discussion. International practicum opportunities are critical to fostering transformative learning in social work students, and post-secondary institutions will need to re-establish international field education programs after the COVID-19 pandemic.
... Although the empirical material is drawn from a local Swedish context, we argue that our findings and theoretical and practical contributions have broader relevance. Paying attention to Lyons's (2006) insightful recommendation 'that all social workers require at least a minimum exposure to ideas about the local-global dialectic, comparative welfare policies and inter-cultural relations', we hope that our fine-tuned qualitative study on social workers' experiences in a certain area of their work -HBVpartly fulfils Lyons's advice. Social workers today work under conditions that are influenced by globalisation. ...
... Social workers today work under conditions that are influenced by globalisation. Through migration, local and national populations have become increasingly multicultural, thus creating kinship relations transcending national borders (Lyons, 2006). Hence, the interventions and work of the local social worker do not stop at local or national borders. ...
Article
Full-text available
Societal norms and values along with laws and regulations strongly influence social work, as do megatrends as globalization and migration. International agreements on human rights with special focus on violence against women have drawn attention to domestic violence, including honor-based violence (HBV). The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that affect social workers’ ability to work within the area of HBV and their experiences of their current work situation. Based on a qualitative approach using in-depth interviews with Swedish social workers, the study shows that HBV is not a new phenomenon in social work, but that unfamiliarity and a lack of legitimacy have made it difficult for social workers to deal with the issue. Inspired by recognition theory, a picture emerges of a profession with low mandates and low recognition that lacks resources regarding education, guidelines and a common view on how HBV should be identified and handled, both within the social workers’ own organisation and in other authorities. The dynamics of HBV and approaches to the issue require a present state and legislative support. Social workers also need support from researchers in the field to develop effective interventions in their practical social work with HBV. Keywords: honor-based violence; professional misrecognition; qualitative research; social work
... Although the empirical material is drawn from a local Swedish context, we argue that our findings and theoretical and practical contributions have broader relevance. Paying attention to Lyons's (2006) insightful recommendation 'that all social workers require at least a minimum exposure to ideas about the local-global dialectic, comparative welfare policies and inter-cultural relations', we hope that our fine-tuned qualitative study on social workers' experiences in a certain area of their work -HBVpartly fulfils Lyons's advice. Social workers today work under conditions that are influenced by globalisation. ...
... Social workers today work under conditions that are influenced by globalisation. Through migration, local and national populations have become increasingly multicultural, thus creating kinship relations transcending national borders (Lyons, 2006). Hence, the interventions and work of the local social worker do not stop at local or national borders. ...
Article
Full-text available
Societal norms and values along with laws and regulations strongly influence social work, as do megatrends as globalisation and migration. International agreements on human rights with special focus on violence against women have drawn attention to domestic violence, including honor-based violence (HBV). The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that affect social workers’ ability to work within the area of HBV and their experiences of their current work situation. Based on a qualitative approach using in-depth interviews with Swedish social workers, the study shows that HBV is not a new phenomenon in social work, but that unfamiliarity and a lack of legitimacy have made it difficult for social workers to deal with the issue. Inspired by recognition theory, a picture emerges of a profession with low mandates and low recognition that lacks resources regarding education, guidelines and a common view on how HBV should be identified and handled, both within the social workers’ own organisation and in other authorities. The dynamics of HBV and approaches to the issue require a present state and legislative support. Social workers also need support from researchers in the field to develop effective interventions in their practical social work with HBV.
... The current study acknowledges that there is increased social work mobility. This movement of social workers across international borders has become an "increasingly popular" phenomenon driven by various motivations and flourishing because of globalisation (Brown et al., 2015, 59;Lyons, 2006). Subsequently, this consolidates the views that social work is a global profession. ...
... Finally, ISWs are required to register with the Health Care Professionals Council (HCPC) to be able to work in the country (Lyons andHanna, 2011, Chogugudza, 2017). The HCPC regulates social work practice in the UK to maintain professional standards. ...
Article
Full-text available
This small-scale qualitative research project focuses on the experiences of immigrant social workers as they transition between different international contexts. Their experience of practice, ability to transfer skills in new contexts and the factors affecting their transitions are examined in light of the growing trend towards the international migration of social work professionals (Lyons and Hanna, 2011). Developing an understanding of the challenges and opportunities experienced by migrant social workers is fundamental to enabling transitions to new contexts. In this way, the dissertation sheds light on the experiences of Zimbabwean social workers recently settled in the UK. The results of the study indicated that social workers received limited support when they transitioned to practice in the UK. The research implications point to the need for: robust support systems; a supportive immigration environment; and a globally comparable International social work curriculum which develops cultural competence. This is necessary for practitioners to practice outside their national borders.
... The tension between global and local forces in social work has been noticed decades ago (Lyons, 2006), but this is still globalization which is a regulatory factor in social work organization and changing scope (Payne and Askeland, 2016). Globalization leads to both internet spread and internet inequalities, including the unequal distribution of sensitivity towards the digital language skills. ...
Article
Full-text available
Our aim is to show how digital skills training for school social workers in Poland became possible with the involvement of human rights activists, media, intellectuals and human rights trainers. School social work in Poland has become the focus of activity for trainers focused on human rights. The huge training process began in response to the need for hate speech prevention which was first expressed in Polish intellectual circles and mainstream media. It led to the school social work development programme, based on the metaphor of garden and gardening within the hate speech prevention discourse. We describe action research focused on our way of teaching school social workers to be the gardeners of the internet space.
... Dominelli (2005) proposes a straightforward solution to the debate by defining international social work as actions that localize the global and globalize the local. Lyons (2006) uses the popular top-down catchphrase 'think globally, act locally' to emphasize indigenization when addressing global issues like HIV/AIDS outbreaks and the recent COVID-19 pandemic. The phrase 'act locally, proceed globally' can be used to describe authentization (coined by Walton and el Nasr, 1988), a bottom-up approach to social work in which local devices, such as microfinance in Bangladesh, traverse state boundaries to address global issues like poverty and gender disparities. ...
Article
This article examines the position of Bangladesh in the field of international social work with women. It explores the country’s women’s development initiatives in the context of the global debate over indigenization, universalization and imperialism. To identify the strategic position, the article examines the literature on social work, the evolution of social work and the web contents of some development agencies in Bangladesh. The findings reveal that Bangladesh follows a process of reconciliation in the indigenization–internationalization dispute by employing both top-down (think globally, act locally) and bottom-up (act locally, proceed globally) approaches to international social work and women’s development.
... The theoretical debate about and around international social work across the world is gaining theoretical visibility with time. Hugman, Moosa-Mitha and Moyo (2010) points to the writings of Midgley (1981Midgley ( , 2001, Lyons (1999Lyons ( , 2006, , Hokenstad and Midgley (2004), Cox and Pawar (2005), and Dominelli (2007) where different approaches to conceiving international social work have been formulated and articulated. They also point to Walton and Abo El Nasr (1988) who argued for 'indigenized' and 'authentized' social work derived from experience of social work in the global South, to Yunong and Xiong (2008) who propose a're-conceptualization' and 'conscientization' of social work from the global South and to May (1999) who have argued for anti-imperial, anti-racist and anti-oppressive approaches to international social work. ...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of an optional course on International Social work to senior social work students pursuing the Masters program in the Tata Institute of Social Sciences in 2009, furthered theoretical engagement with realities beyond one’s socio political context and boundary. At the same time it also provided the opportunity to formulate critical content and insert anti oppressive perspectives emerging from within marginalised groups in India. This article captures the curriculum development and teaching experiences of the authors on International social work. It begins by tracing the processes that led to the formulation of a course on International Social Work offered to Post Graduate students of the said institute and discusses threadbare the experiences over four years that finally led to a reformulated course titled ‘International Social Work and Indigenous Peoples’.
... In addition, it drives the operation and preparation of social workers in the school in all countries, including the least industrialised, the Third World. Globalization has also guided the attitude to work for those practitioners who considered their work strictly rooted in the local community and conditions (Lyons 2006). ZESZYTY PRACY SOCJALNEJ 2022, 27, z. 2: 57- ...
... У зв'язку з появою нових соціальних проблем тематика досліджень управління соціальним Механізми публічного управління забезпеченням з кожним днем розширюється: від теоретико-методологічних аспектів до практичних порад покращення результативності соціальної роботи. Це розмаїття наукових концептів спостерігається у працях С. Хакет [2], Н. Горішної [3], Т. Семигіної [4], Л. Домінеллі [5], К. Ліонз [6], М. Пейн [7], С. Триггед [8]. У рамках децентралізації послуг деякі автори наголошують на соціальному муніципалізмі (social municipalism), який є новим аспектом локалізації соціальних послуг. ...
... These global standards are recognized as providing a common basis of expectation in relation to social work practice worldwide. Its existence acknowledges both the transnational mobility of social workers and the impact of global issues and dynamics on local practice (Lyons, 2006). ...
Chapter
Full-text available
The context of immigration to Canada Canada prides itself on a reputation for being a welcoming and inclusive country, promoting collective pride in a multicultural mosaic wherein a diversity of ethnicities, cultures and religions coexist. It is a country that often enjoys positive international assessment, with its reported comfortable standard of living, solid social programmes, mix of urban and rural lifestyles, vast and spectacular natural beauty, and people often considered polite and consensus-driven. It is also a country with a growing density divide between urban growth and rural out-migration, an ageing demographic, and regional variability in population growth (Statistics Canada, 2012). This scenic land of opportunity has evident appeal to immigrants leaving their countries of origin for a variety of social, economic and political reasons. The Canadian government, reciprocally, views the newcomer to Canada as providing an answer to sustaining the country's demographic and economic growth. Under both Liberal and Conservative Party leadership, the Canadian government has sought to liberalise its labour and trade markets through policies including the North America Free Trade Agreement and programmes such as those designated for temporary foreign workers, skilled trade workers and professional immigrants (Citizenship and Immigration Canada, 2014). These efforts are considered to have been successful. For example, the Migrant Integration Policy Index determined that Canadian immigrant workers and their families benefit from the third-best integration policies in the 31 countries considered, citing specific government efforts towards improving equal access in education and labour (Migrant Integration Policy Index III, 2011). The International Migration Outlook, published in 2013 by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), cites immigration as accounting for two thirds of Canada's population growth of 1.2%, primarily in the age bracket of 20–44 years, which is otherwise in decline. It is this cohort that contributes significantly to the labour force, grows families, buys homes and forms the basis of taxation revenue (OECD, 2013). Canada reached a record high of 281,000 new permanent residents to Canada in 2010, followed by 249,000 new permanent residents to Canada in 2011 (OECD, 2013). Further, employment for foreign-born Canadians in 2012 earned Canada the ranking of third-highest in the OECD (OECD, 2013). This government priority continues.
... The adage to think globally and act locally (Lyons, 2006) is important to develop citizens of multicultural democratic societies. While the local is indicative of social integration, the global entails the intercultural interactions of various social segments that are different in terms of time and space. ...
... Die Autoren fordern ein stärkeres Wachstum der globalen Zivilgesellschaft, das von der Bildung eines globalen sozialpolitischen Systems begleitet wird. "Thinking globally and acting locally" ist nicht nur in diesem Beitrag zum Slogan geworden(Lyons 2006). Eine genauere Erforschung über die Bedeutung der Glokalisierung für die Zivilgesellschaft ist erforderlich, um die aktuellen Entwicklungen, die weltweit und vor allem in Entwicklungsländern stattfinden, besser zu verstehen. ...
Thesis
Full-text available
Betrachtet man den NGO-Sektor in Phnom Penh (Kambodscha), fällt einerseits die Ähnlich- keit der NGOs untereinander und andererseits die Ähnlichkeit der Organisationsstrukturen zu westlichen Nonprofit-Organisationen auf. Mit Bezug auf den Neoinstitutionalismus un- tersucht diese Arbeit daher die Umsetzung westlicher Legitimitätsstandards in der Khmer Zivilgesellschaft sowie die bei der Umsetzung entstehenden Anpassungsprozesse und Be- grenzungen. Der theoretische Rahmen der Arbeit wird um den Ressourcenabhängigkeitsan- satz sowie der Glokalisierungstheorie ergänzt. Die Arbeit baut auf einer Feldstudie im Zeit- raum Februar bis Juni 2018 auf, bei der neun NGO-Manager/innen interviewt wurden. Als Ergänzung dienten ethnographische Beobachtungen sowie die Teilnahme an einem weiteren Forschungsprojekt vor Ort. Aus den Ergebnissen leiten sich drei mögliche Szenarien für die Entwicklung des Sektors ab: (1) Es wäre möglich, dass NGOs eine vollständige Homogeni- sierung untereinander und mit dem internationalen NGO-Sektor eingehen. (2) Es besteht die Möglichkeit, dass die Homogenisierung mit Entkoppelungsstrategien verbunden wird, da die vollständige Anpassung an den internationalen Sektor nicht möglich ist. (3) Es wäre möglich, dass die NGOs ihre Organisationsstrukturen an die lokalen kulturellen Eigenheiten anpassen und mit Hilfe von Glokalisierungspraktiken eine neue Form des Sektors schaffen. Das Ergebnis der Auswertung zeigt, dass die befragten NGOs eindeutige Anpassung und Homogenisierung mit dem globalen organisationalen Feld aufweisen, die damit geforderten Organisationsstrukturen zur Erreichung der Legitimität jedoch nur Zuhilfenahme der Stra- tegie der losen Koppelung erreicht werden können. Diese orientieren sich an westlichen Ra- tionalitätsmythen, die infolge der Weltkultur ihren Weg in den nunmehr globalen Sektor gefunden hat.
... It's revived old debates about international social work and spawned new demands for the twenty-first century. Many scholars agree that social work practises are entrapped in the context of globalisation, which presents both new opportunities and challenges to their profession and the educational system (Lyons, 2006;Payne & Askeland, 2008;Healy, 2008;Dominelli, 2010). Globalisation has traditionally played a significant impact in the emergence and subsequent development of Malaysia. ...
... The idea of 'push and pull' factors asserts that the unequal structure of world markets explains the immigration of people from less powerful and poorer countries to more powerful and wealthier countries (Lee, 1966;Segal and Heck, 2012). Active recruitment from overseas and international exchange rates (Lyons, 2006 Lyons andLawrence, 2009;Welbourne, Harrison and Ford, 2007; increased the UK's 'pull' factors, and these were enhanced by the surplus of professionals in some developing countries acting as 'push' factors (Yeates, 2009;Hussein et al., 2011). ...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports findings from a large mixed-method study exploring the migration to the United Kingdom (UK) of social workers trained in Australia, Canada, India, Romania, South Africa, the US, and Zimbabwe, and the migration of British trained social workers to Australia. The project aimed at exploring the motivations for migration, the experiences of integration, and the impact of culture on these. This article focuses on the quantitative findings and will use some of the qualitative data to further explain and interrogate the differences between these groups based on their country of origin. The findings show the greater challenges migrants from developing countries have experienced, including lack of recognition of their qualifications and experience, and discrimination. The findings also show that contrary to common assumptions, the migration experiences of social workers coming from Australia, Canada and the US are not as easy as expected. American social workers who migrated to the UK turned out to be the group least professionally satisfied. The British in Australia on the other hand, were the most satisfied. Implications for practice and future research are explored.
... In a global level, the major bodies representing schools of social work (International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW) and National Professional Associations (International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW)) have updated previous attempts to describe social work and to provide an ethical frame work for its practice, wherever this may take place (Lyons, 2006). From the various reviews,the above author pointed out that, school of social work and teachings, field work practice and definitions of social work also modified according to meeting the global challenges and meet globalization influence in all the sectors. ...
Article
Full-text available
Globalization is widely spread phenomenon which has brought many changes and development in all fields of social work practice. Industrial social work is a practice field concerned with the welfare of industrial workers. It has vast scope for social work practice and great opportunities but because of insufficient competence and effects of globalization social workers faced problem in getting in to the field. Hence the objective of the study is to analyze the influence of globalization on social work practice in Industries. The paper is based on secondary data. The finding of the paper is shows that there is a positive influence on social work practice in industries. As globalization influence on productivity, global marketing and other international phenomenon,that creates demand for social work practice in industries. Globalization help social worker in understanding, critical analysis, wisdom in knowledge side but in operational and implementation of knowledge should be based on local perspective for successful Social work HR practitioner in industries.
... (IFSW, 1959, p. 3) Ongoing development of international definitions of social work (with regional and national amplifications) and global standards for social work education are the focus of attention of IFSW and the International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW) (Hare, 2004;IASSW, 2004IASSW, , 2014Sewpaul & Jones, 2005). This reflects that social work is practised in many countries, people are moving between countries at an increasing rate with greater interdependence, and that there is an impact of international affairs in local situations (Dominelli, 1997(Dominelli, , 2010Dominelli & Hackett, 2012;Fraser & Simpson, 2014;Hare, 2004;Healy & Meagher, 2004;Ife, 2001;Lyons, 2006). The international definitions of social work utilised in Aotearoa New Zealand are themselves reflections of time, place, culture, economics, and political structures (Staniforth, 2010;Staniforth, Fouche & O'Brien, 2011). ...
Thesis
Full-text available
In the social work profession, we dream of contributing towards a better, fairer, civil society. In this research I explore the professionalisation and regulation of social work in Aotearoa New Zealand specifically considering the question “In what ways have political, sociocultural and economic dimensions impacted on the development and initial implementation of the Social Workers Registration Act (SWRA) 2003?” A sociological lens was utilised to frame the forces that contributed to the problematising of social work professionalisation and the determining of the need for registration. I employed a qualitative realist research methodology, conducting qualitative interviews with 22 participants. Archival data from Aotearoa New Zealand Association of Social Workers (ANZASW) and the Social Workers Registration Board (SWRB) as well as policy documents were collected and analysed as the second data set. The archival research demonstrates that the professionalisation project commenced around the same time as the development of the first tertiary social work qualification. Alongside this, the instigation of the New Zealand Association of Social Workers in 1964 connected social workers and formalised international links. Social work as an occupation strengthened with employers increasingly establishing social work roles. An indigenous cultural awakening in Aotearoa New Zealand, in the 1960s and 1970s, strengthened indigenous critical voices to spearhead challenges regarding institutional and personal racism in the social services sector. By the 1980s and 1990s, social workers were challenged to respond to issues of elitism, sexism, and racism within their professional association and work places, as well as personally. Relationships between Māori and Tauiwi (non- Māori living in Aotearoa New Zealand) moved to a more equitable footing within the professional body and, with this, a returning focus on registration was agreed upon in the social work sector. From the 1990s, a perfect storm of coalescing forces led to the development and passing of the SWRA 2003, providing an option for social workers to register. Consideration is given to the part played by a range of key actors in the neoliberal, market-driven environment that the project was anchored within. To implement the enabling legislation, the inaugural Board established by section 97 of the SWRA 2003, was required to consult with the complex sector and develop the policies and practices for registration within a very limited timeframe. Inevitable conflicts between stakeholders and the Board surfaced and decision making and compromise to ensure responsiveness to stakeholders and meet the purposes of the legislation was required. The Aotearoa New Zealand registration history provides a unique response to risk-averse environments, reflecting tensions between prescriptive state regulation and professional autonomy. Risks to the profession of Aotearoa New Zealand’s version of social worker registration are considered. The thesis concludes that while social worker registration has played a role in strengthening the professionalism of social work and enhanced social work’s claim to the professional domain, caution and care are required to ensure the vision of social work’s role in promoting civil society is not undermined by increasingly prescriptive state regulation that blames organisational and systemic failings on individual practitioners. Through the provision of this historical research, lessons may be considered for future social work regulation developments. Recommendations include that future research projects consider the impact of both voluntary and mandatory state regulation with regard to protection of the public, as well as on the profession, educators, and practitioners with specific consideration of the intersection of their gender, ethnicity, age, and region. It is also recommended that the Board, in collaboration with the sector, develop frameworks that assert the rights of indigenous service users and practitioners that are fundamental to addressing systemic as well as individual responsibility to tangata whenua. Further, it is recommended that systemic and organisational responsibilities be accounted for in regulatory framework developments, so that accountability for practice decisions can be considered in a holistic manner. The social work profession is encouraged to strengthen its place and space in the Bourdieusian field of social work. Aligning with this, it is recommended that the responsibility for appointment of Board members be shared by the state with the social work sector to reduce the risk of state capture of the profession. Finally, it is recommended that current levels of investment in social work education be challenged to ensure that educators have capacity required to promote and instill critical consciousness in graduating social workers.
... The future for the social work profession in Malaysia would be bleak if indigenous definitions and theories are not developed and fitted appropriately to inform social work practice (Fulcher, 2003). Social work's literature on multicultural social work practices has emphasized that the effectiveness of interventions relies on the social worker's acquisition of a particular body of local cultural knowledge, values, and skills (Lyons, 2006). It has been argued that the development of indigenous social work in Malaysia should be based on local cultural and social institutions (Crabtree, 2005;Fulcher, 2003). ...
Article
Full-text available
Since the beginning of twentieth country, social work has become an integral part of higher education systems throughout the world and becoming increasingly important due to globalization and internationalization. Therefore, development of social work program particularly at the undergraduate level in Malaysia’s public universities should be given special attention in order to meet the standards. This paper is a review and analysis of the existing literature regarding the development of social work undergraduate program in Malaysia. The rigorous search from Scopus and Web of Science databases identified 15 related studies that examined broader development of social work education including the issues, and challenges as well as opportunities faced by the Malaysia’s public universities in their quest to deliver a cohesive social work undergraduate program. Among the issues identified to be significant in the development of social work program in Malaysia include unqualified educator, non- existence of a professional body and act in social work, influence of western ideology, and governance issue. The issues and challenges addressed in this paper create opportunities to provide solutions including to implement further training on community development programs for social work educators, social work administration and practitioners, establishment of social work act to regulate and maintain the discipline as well as to strengthen social relationship with stakeholders in order to encourage them in facilitating the learning of alternative skills for social work program to meet the standards that can be recognized internationally.
... 'Global context' and its relevance is much discussed nowadays, as we could see the communities becoming multicultural with temporary and permanent migration to other places (Moriarty et al., 2012). The need for more curriculum content on international social work is quite well established in the literature (Pawar et al., 2004;Dominelli, 2010;Lyons, 2006;Panos et al., 2004;Payne & Askeland, 2008;Wehbi, 2009). This calls for the need of integrating international social work elements in social work education which will be more inclusive and contextual. ...
Article
Internationalization of social work education in terms of student mobility, staff mobility, curriculum transaction and research collaboration are getting on priority agendas of universities across the globe. This could be attributed to the demands of the profession to be cultural sensitive and being adaptive to the educational standards which could empower the practice. Indian social work education and its internationalization is discussed in this paper in the context of ‘International student exchanges’ from author’s experience. This paper is descriptive and based on a single case study of one school of social work in South India. Social work interns who participated in international exchanges appreciate the need for knowledge of global priorities and strategies to advance social work education, research and skill development for practice. Though the literature focus more on different models of international student mobility programs, there need to have deliberations, rules of partnership and clear exchange goals specifically on ‘international student exchanges’, which will contribute towards the internationalization of Indian social work education. This paper identify the importance of International student exchanges in internationalizing Indian social work education as well as opening new avenues of collaboration.
... Focusing solely on domestic, communitylevel factors may be inadequate to fully understand the complex interplay of issues that contribute to systemic problems such as human rights abuses, structural oppression, and forced migration (Jönsson and Flem, 2018;Mapp, 2014). Furthermore, globalization, technology and vast population movements have increased exposure and access to information and awareness of human experience and human suffering (Lyons, 2006). Perhaps as a result of growing interstate and intrastate awareness, students across diverse professional disciplines are increasingly inclined to engage in practice and advocacy beyond national borders, which are also common attributes of university graduates. ...
Article
Full-text available
This explanatory sequential mixed-methods study combined data from an online survey with international social workers ( N = 44), and key informant qualitative interviews ( N = 6), to identify gaps and synergies between what is taught in graduate social work programmes and expected by employers. Findings suggested that although social work values align well with international social work, gaps exist between the macro knowledge and skills required for international work and that which graduate training offers. Findings further suggested that if unaddressed, these incompatibilities may contribute to the invisibility of social work as a viable training ground for practice in international aid agencies.
... Importantly for this case study, the intersections of HRW with social work education can be located within the context of global social work (Lyons 2006;Gatenio Gabel and Healy 2012;Ornellas et al. 2018). In the exploration of a new global definition of social work by Ornellas et al. (2018), the profession's commitment to human rights is central and a starting point for discussions. ...
Article
Full-text available
In this reflective analysis, we use a rights-based framework from international development studies to examine a global independent study (GIS) course as social work field education. Our GIS course entailed fieldwork with a Tunisia-based migrant-led organization that advocates for missing migrants who have gone missing en route from Tunisia to Italy via the Mediterranean Sea. We use our case study to illustrate the five elements to a human rights framework. Rights and obligations, as two elements, set the terms of the engagement for fieldwork. Capacity building moves beyond service delivery and teaches empowerment. Inequality and poverty focus on structural aspects: policies, institutions, and sociopolitical contexts related to fieldwork. Activism and advocacy facilitate the student’s participation in affecting change. The prioritizing of action in development work is thus applicable for teaching human rights in social work education “in the field,” which requires going from theory to practice.
... Contemporary social workers are expected to be educated in international social work and to gain a perspective on social problems that goes beyond the local contexts of everyday practice (Lyons 2006;Nagy and Falk 2000). The activities of organizations, such as the International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW) and International Federation of Social Workers (IFWS) serve as examples of agents that strongly promote the idea of global social work and international social work education. ...
Article
Full-text available
Internationalization of higher education and international social work are commonly accepted as positive developments. However, the quest for creating international knowledge and programmes is not free from difficulties. In this article, we problematize the process of internationalizing social work programs through the perspective of social work students. With two study sites, one in Sweden and one in South Africa, we discuss the meaning and challenges associated with internationalization by drawing on the emerging disparity between personal and professional points of view. We conclude by reflecting upon the role of social work educators in translating the ideas of internationalization to the future social workers.
... Payne and Askeland (2016) argue that it is no more than Western social work influencing the rest of the world through postcolonial cultural hegemony. Scholars of international social work have tended to universalise from their epistemological and experiential bases to 'teach' those in the South how to understand and do social work (Lyons, 2006). Social work values, norms and practices are thus affected by specific understandings of 'the good' (Hugman, 2012), which are not necessarily shared within non-Western communities and localities. ...
Article
Interest in transnationality and borders has expanded considerably within several academic disciplines over the last decades. This paper explores the way this transnational perspective has been developed within social work. It then identifies a number of gaps in current transnational social work research and proposes four avenues for additional inquiry that allow for an unbounding of how social work is theorised and the development of a perspective that recognises social work’s role beyond a bounded national state. Findings Borders and cross-border processes and structures pose essential challenges to social work research and practice. State borders may be opening to certain cyber, social and economic functions, but are at the same time (re-)closing to other security and political functions. Moreover, more metaphorical and symbolic boundaries are also strengthening. A transnational turn in the educational, theoretical and practical field of social work requires a move away from the conventional local and sedentary conceptualisation of society and social life that is still omnipresent today, in order to develop a social work that recognises and explores, as well as challenges and crosses borders and boundaries. Applications Despite the increase of transnational lifestyles, social problems and social work practices, the body of knowledge in this domain is as yet rather limited and fragmented. The applications of this article concern a theoretical contribution to this body of knowledge, which can also be used in curricula for social work education. Moreover, it contributes to a move away from the ‘methodological nationalism’ at work in social work.
... The emphasis here is on forms of global interconnectivity, interdependence and space-time compression, the powers, structures, and technologies involved, and how all of this changes the nature of social work in the twenty-first century. This third body of work is relatively new but is extensive and growing (Healy, 2008;Ferguson & Lavalette, 2006;Dominelli, 2010;Dominelli & Hoogvelt, 1996;Livolts & Bryant, 2017;Lyons, 2006;Pugh & Gould, 2000;Welbourne, Harrison, & Ford, 2007). ...
Article
This paper explores possibilities for extending the geographical imagination in academic studies of social work. It notes how current “geographical” research is extensive and diverse—including interests in social and natural environments, practice settings, and global issues—but argues for a change whereby it is more explicitly informed by, and cast as, human geography. Part of this change would involve a transition in basic enterprise, whereby researching social work geographically shifts from being a one‐way effort on the part of academic social workers, to being a two‐way project also involving geographers. Another part would be an important theoretical transition whereby a broadly posthumanist geographical imagination is developed. Moving beyond humanistic privileging of a sovereign subject, this might emphasise distributed agency and a range of more‐than‐human actors, processes, and forces. Specifically, with this theoretical transition in mind, adopting a recently developed posthumanist theoretical typology, attention is paid to how research might be framed around three spatial processes always at play in the emergence and expression of social work. For each of these processes, resonance is acknowledged in existing social work literature, and final consideration is given to quite specific questions that could be asked and expertise that could be tapped.
... The future for the social work profession in Malaysia would be bleak if indigenous definitions and theories are not developed and fitted appropriately to inform social work practice (Fulcher, 2003). Social work's literature on multicultural social work practices has emphasized that the effectiveness of interventions relies on the social worker's acquisition of a particular body of local cultural knowledge, values, and skills (Lyons, 2006). It has been argued that the development of indigenous social work in Malaysia should be based on local cultural and social institutions (Crabtree, 2005;Fulcher, 2003). ...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary issues in social work should be concentrating as a check and balance process from the establishment of social work education programs in Malaysia. Therefore, this article discussing several contemporary issues in social work education as well as suggestions on empowering social work education in Malaysia. A total of 5 informants from the Management and Professional Group (Grades 41 - 48) from Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat and Institut Sosial Malaysia were involved in this study. This study used a qualitative approach through a phenomenological approach. Among the major issues that the author has touched upon are the issues of social work education standards, the issue of social works act, an issue in social work job position, and the issue of social work education in public universities. Hence, some resolutions were added by the informant to overcome the contemporary issues such as the enforcement of social work education standards, overcoming the conflict of power as the enforcement of social work laws, setting clearer criteria for Civil Service Commission, re-organize social work education curriculum, and responsive administration at university and ministry levels. Various parties such as educators, administrators, policymakers, and social workers need to create strong collaborations and play an essential role in empowering social work education in Malaysia.
... The social work profession is committed to a person-in-environment perspective; the discipline is essentially rooted in local conditions and community needs and is heavily dependent on jurisdiction-specific legislative competencies (Lyons, 2006;Akesson et al., 2017;Hussein, 2018;). International movement of social workers involves a loss of placespecific professional knowledge and entry to a practice environment in a different geographical location. ...
Article
This article explores the experience and influence of place amongst transnational social workers. The concept of ‘place’ may be perceived as quietly existing in the background of everyday social work practice. Yet, transnational social workers in this study tell a different story about what happens to the role of place when social workers become globally mobile.
... Yet, there are conceptual and practical challenges when teaching international social work and groups of social work students from different countries. Dynamics to globalize the profession through shared standards, aims, definitions, and organizations raise questions about the extent of universality, 'sameness', and commonality in social work across the globe and whether a focus on local distinctiveness is more appropriate (for example, Lyons, 2006;Young Hong & Song, 2010). Related to this, fears of 'professional imperialism' from well-resourced 'Western' countries correctly lead to reflection about the cultural specificity of models, theories, and training programs with an origin in the Global North that may ignore indigenous knowledge, perspectives, and practice and not be locally relevant (Gray & Coates, 2010;Midgley, 1981Midgley, , 2008. ...
Article
This article reflects on how to design social work education for internationally diverse cohorts of students. It draws on insights from a Master program for social work practitioners from around the world that has been delivered by a partnership of five European universities since 2013. Three particular issues are explored: developing curricula that achieve a local–global balance and emphasize the significance of context sensitivity in social work; the need for teaching approaches that promote dialogue, critical analysis, and student well-being; the importance of providing students with a strong identity, value base, and connection to the global social work profession. The article is targeted at social work educators involved in international and cross-country teaching as well as scholars interested in debates about the balance of local–global dimensions in social work.
... Otra modalidad es la oferta específica educativa que puede dar lugar tanto a la obtención de un título propio completo como a módulos formativos, la lengua es el inglés. Está avanzando la propuesta de una convergencia internacional en la formación en trabajo social incluida en el curriculum de la educación inicial y en la formación de postgrado, por ejemplo, con referencias a la globalización y el trabajo social; pensar en términos de transnacionalidad y transculturalidad; saber comprender y analizar los efectos de procesos globales y regionales en la etiología de los problemas sociales y desarrollar respuestas (junto con otros grupos profesionales) para solucionar estos problemas a nivel internacional y regional; conocimiento de las instituciones in-ternacionales y qué impacto tienen en las políticas nacionales (LYONS: 2006(LYONS: ,2006b (2005)(2006)(2007)(2008), con 95 socios que provienen no solo de instituciones educativas sino, también, representantes de asociaciones profesionales y empleadores. Comparativamente, en España, nuestros docentes y estudiantes tienen menos habilidades de comunicación en lenguas extranjeras que otros países europeos, lo que resulta un obstáculo en el acceso a programas educativos interuniversitarios y transnacionales. ...
Article
Full-text available
En el modelo de EEES en el grado de Trabajo Social, es fundamental dotar al alumno/a de las competencias que la sociedad requiere para el desempeño de cada labor profesional, pero, también, se insiste en la preparación requerida en la investigación social. Por ello, las materias referidas a la investigación siguen tres criterios: (1) conseguir plantear las prácticas como investigaciones científicas propias del ámbito de las Ciencias Sociales, (2) implementar en las prácticas el aprendizaje cooperativo, y, finalmente, (3) evaluar la adquisición por parte del alumnado de las competencias seleccionadas para la asignatura. Para ello, se planteó una metodología docente que evaluamos en relación a las debilidades y los beneficios de su aplicación.
Book
This book shapes a situated body politics to re-think, re-write, and de-colonise social work as a post-anthropocentric discipline headed towards glocalisation, where human and non-human embodiments and agencies are entangled in glocal environmental worlds. It critically and creatively examines how social work can be theorised, practised, and written in renewed ways through dialogical and transdisciplinary practices. This book is composed of eight essayistic spaces, envisioning social work through embodied, glocal, and earthly entanglements. By drawing on research-based knowledge, autobiographical notes, stories, poetry, photographs, and an art exhibition in social work education, these essays provide readers with analysis and strategies that are useful for research, education, and practice as well as life-long learning. The book constitutes key literature for researchers, educators, practitioners, and activists in social work, sociology, architecture, art and creative writing, feminist and postcolonial studies, human geography, and post-anthropocentric philosophy. It offers the readers sustainable ways to re-think and re-write social work towards a glocal- and post-anthropocentric more-than-human worldview.
Book
Full-text available
As the world reels from the combined health, economic, political and moral crisis we are in, there is more need than ever to reimagine and remake our futures. With our thinking and our very bodies under threat from all forms of oppression and disinformation, we need to find ways to sustain and empower the more vulnerable amongst us. This volume brings together a unique set of thinkers/teachers/activists from across Europe, Africa and Latin America. We are committed to inter‐disciplin‐ ary research and the breaking down of boundaries between research and so‐ cial transformation. It is the first product of an emerging research and practice network, the Migra‐ tion and Social Transformation Network (MSTN), that is committed to pursu‐ ing a new agenda, which seeks to turn migration/refugee research into an ac‐ tive partnership with society, to address the pressing social needs of migrants who suffer from a range of exclusionary processes, not least those based on racial, gender and class differences.
Article
This article aims to contribute to understanding the main social impacts of the pandemic caused by COVID-19 by highlighting the present and future challenges of social intervention and proposing a research agenda for social workers. Based on main indicators collected from international reports, we categorise the terms associated and analyse 284 Scopus articles that address social work issues in face of the COVID-19 through a text mining literature analysis. By applying topic modelling, we are able to identify relations within the body of knowledge between the main indicators. The results enable to highlight the current trends of research, contributing to leverage knowledge in social work in face of a complex and uncertain society. We find that most articles are focused on professional practice, as well as areas such as health, education and employment. In contrast, we argue that issues related to women or migrants have been less explored. These aspects could bring new perspectives in future research within the pandemic context.
Thesis
Full-text available
Social workers have a history of engagement with refugees since the inception of the profession. However, many social workers engage with clients without knowing about their refugee status, and globalization and forced displacement is causing this to be a more frequent issue at this time. The Syrian war has created the largest refugee crisis the world has ever known, and yet the United States has had a lackluster response to welcoming Syrian refugees despite a strong record of previously welcoming refugees. With the recent change in presidential administration, it is expected that Syrian refugees will soon be welcomed in this nation. As such, social workers need to be prepared to support them effectively. Within the population of Syrians with refugee status, women (particularly mothers) are most at risk; therefore, this dissertation seeks to understand more about the relationship between Syrian mothers with refugee status and the social workers who support them. To accomplish this, a qualitative phenomenological study was conducted to gain insight into the dynamics between two resettled Syrian mothers, the refugee resettlement workers, and the state refugee office workers in Chapter Two. The following chapter, Chapter Three, looks at a quantitative survey of social workers in North Carolina to understand more about their perceptions towards Syrian women with refugee status in order to help the field become more prepared for future arrivals. From there, Chapter Four presents a conceptual article which creates a model for social workers who identify as Christian to welcome Syrian women with refugee status by creating a deeper and more empathetic understanding of each other through the use of crossover texts from the Holy Bible and Holy Qur’an. Altogether, this dissertation offers recommendations for social workers to improve their work with Syrian women with refugee status from a transnational feminist perspective which stands in solidarity with Syrian women on their journey and urges social workers to critically reflect upon their own perceptions in the process.
Article
The article studies the main lines of criticism of the theory of reflexive modernism. It is proved that in modern political science it unfolds around certain provisions of the theory of reflexive modernism. It is substantiated that Eurocentrism of the definition and interpretation of reflexive Art Nouveau, characteristic of the studies of U. Beck, A. Giddens, and J. Habermas, is criticized. A critical attitude towards eurocentrism of reflexive modernism provoked the formation of the idea of the probability and reality of the multiplicity of modernities (for example, Asian concepts of compressed modernity and enhanced modernization). It is proved that the most important vectors of criticism of the theory of reflexive modernism are: (1) the role and functions of political time and chronopolitics in different cultures and political systems; (2) the functional characteristics of political actors, primarily the state and citizen; (3) the scientific position according to which political and politics in the framework of the realities of reflexive modernism cannot remain in a stable form, therefore it is inevitable to identify new institutional characteristics of modernity that significantly expand the concept of radical modernism; (4) the need to clarify such a characteristic feature of reflective modernity as changing the system of control over the means of violence; (5) the search for the limits of application of the theory of reflexive modernism in the study of political processes in the modern world.
Book
Full-text available
У виданні розкрито новітні тенденції розвитку міжнародної соціальної роботи. Представлено історію міжнародної соціальної роботи та її інституціоналізацію, обговорено документи, ухвалені міжнародними асоціаціями соціальних працівників, наведено переклади глобального визначення соціальної роботи, глобальних етичних принципів соціальної роботи, глобальних стандартів підготовки соціальних працівників тощо.
Article
This descriptive-analytical study aims to identify the requirements of professional practice of social work with groups to achieve the 2030 vision. The researcher utilized the scientific method in a comprehensive social survey of members at the Faculty of Social Work, Princess Nourah Bint Abdul Rahman University, and with a random sample of social workers, and the sample consisted of teaching staff members ( n = 26) and social workers ( n = 35). The study found a set of cognitive, skill, value, and institutional requirements that are needed in the method used for working with groups in order to keep pace with new social developments.
Chapter
Ethical awareness is fundamental to the professional practice of social workers. Their ability and commitment to act ethically is an essential aspect of the quality of the service offered to those who engage with social workers. Respect for human rights and a commitment to promoting social justice are at the core of social work practice throughout the world. Social work grew out of humanitarian and democratic ideals, and its values are based on respect for the equality, worth, and dignity of all people. Since its beginnings over a century ago, social work practice has focused on meeting human needs and developing human potential. Human rights and social justice serve as the motivation and justification for social work action. Therefore, this chapter included the ethical grounds in social work practices in a deep manner.
Article
Розглянуто досвід та інноваційні методи управління і стандартні процедури вдержавному управлінні країн Європейського Союзу та їх вплив на ефективність надання соціальних послуг. Зроблено аналіз розповсюдження неоліберальних політичних переконань та принципів нового державного управління (далі – NPM) у європейських країнах із початку 80-х рр. ХХ ст. і до сьогодні, що суттєво вплинуло на існуючу систему соціальної роботи. Виокремлено дієві інструменти: інформатизація, дебюрократизація, децентралізація, деінституціалізація, деконцентрація (аутсорсинг), приватизація та запровадження економічних механізмів регулювання управлінських процесів і сервісне адміністрування, які можна впровадити у реформування державного управління системою соціальної роботи в українському суспільстві.
Article
Full-text available
Defamilisation research is increasingly seen as an important component of studies of welfare and social work. It is concerned with people’s vulnerability to defamilisation risks, which are caused by insufficient opportunities for people to choose whether and how they participate in the family. Despite an increasing emphasis on defamilisation research, there has been insufficient attention given to how studies of transnational contacts contribute to defamilisation research. This article argues for the need to expand the scope of defamilisation research to incorporate the concept of ‘transnational contact led strategies’ using evidence from focus groups with Chinese older people in the UK.
Book
Full-text available
У виданні розкрито новітні тенденції розвитку соціальної роботи як професійної діяльності та як системи знань. Представлено останні визначення соціальної роботи, наведено огляд поточних практик і технологій соціальної роботи, етичних принципів цієї діяльності. Видання має дві частини: у першій містяться схеми, таблиці до основних тем курсу, які унаочнюють сприйняття матеріалу студентами. Друга частина має хрестоматійний характер, вона являє собою читанку з перекладів міжнародних матеріалів, а також статей і матеріалів з питань соціальної роботи, опублікованих авторкою в останні роки. Видання може бути використано як посібник до курсів «Вступ до соціальної роботи», «Теорії соціальної роботи» «Методи соціальної роботи», «Соціальна робота з різними групами клієнтів» та інших дисциплін освітніх програм підготовки бакалаврів та магістрів із соціальної роботи.
Cover Page
Full-text available
The countries of East and Southeast Asia, taken as a whole, display a laboratory of social and political conditions, with individual countries presenting a variety of political, cultural and social characteristics. Some with one-party state systems, others with stable liberal democracies and yet others with more fragile democratic systems. As such the region presents a unique opportunity to examine the relationship between diverse national environments and social work education regimes. In this book, social work educators and theorists from around East and Southeast Asia provide accounts of the social work programs within the higher education systems of their respective countries and compare them to those of their neighbours. This is the first book to offer a structured account of how social work and social work education have emerged and finds their present place in the historical, economic, political, urban/rural and higher education contexts of Southeast Asia and East Asia. Experts from the region assess the extent to which these countries’ systems possess a collective coherence, while examining the diversity among them.
Article
Full-text available
Resumen En este trabajo se analizan las tendencias recientes de la globalización y el neoliberalismo, insistiendo en sus nuevas manifestaciones y efectos. Se destaca la diversidad de orientaciones y las secuelas múltiples de su aplicación. Asimismo, se enfatiza que a pesar de ser un proceso histórico con gran poderío, hay una resistencia que se organiza para reducir su impacto; es en este contexto que, como disciplina, el trabajo social juega un papel importante para contribuir a la creación de una solidaridad basada en el lazo social. Abstract Recent trends of globalization and neoliberalism insisting its new manifestations and effects are analyzed. In this process the diversity of approaches and multiple consequences of their application stand out. Also, it is emphasized that despite being a historical process with great power is a resistance that is organized to reduce their impact; It is in this context that social work as a discipline plays an important role in contributing to the creation of a solidarity-based social bond. Palabras clave/Key Words: neoliberalismo, trabajo social, trabajo social internacional, solidaridad social/neoliberalism, social work, international social work, social solidarity. A fines de los años setenta del siglo pasado, la corriente posmodernista propuso que la época de los "metadiscursos"-las macroteorías-estaba superada (Lyotard, J., 1979). De ahí en adelante, sería casi imposible proponer una teoría que pudiera dar un sentido a la historia, no solo porque esas grandes teorías habían fracasado * Profesor asociado Université du Québec en Outaouais. Correo electrónico: jean-pierre.deslauriers@videotron.ca ** Profesor Universidad Autónoma del Nuevo León (UANL). Correo
Article
Illustrating the adaptation of new and creative methods in international social work education, this article will present a working model for the use of photovoice methodology as part of a daily training seminar during an international field placement for Israeli students. The article will present a protocol for the use of a photovoice-based work model, with 3 applied examples from seminars held during 3 weeks of field placement in India and Ethiopia. We will discuss the educational and pedagogic contribution of photovoice as critical reflective tool within the context of international social work education.
Article
Full-text available
We live, supposedly, in a run away global world that is permeated with risk, disaster and uncertainty. Social work, at least at the level of policy and research, has been seen to be responding to the globalization discourse. Its tendency is to try and deepen its own institutional reflexivity with a growing awareness of its own place within the new information age and neo-liberal moral order. In this paper it is suggested that social work has at best a minimal role to play with any new global order, should such an order exist. There are developments within social work that could have global significance, for instance, the spread of actuarial technologies and risk management. However, information networks and the universalization of expert systems hardly support claims for a ‘global social work’. This paper attempts to clear the logjam of the increasingly unproductive debates about globalization and social work. These debates both set an allegedly beneficial ethical welfarism against the impersonal forces of globalization and thereby wish to enlarge the ethical purchase of social work; or present globalization as an inevitable phenomenon that has deleterious effects on social work and therefore ought to be resisted. Social work is thereby reformulated and extended as a potential solution to some of the ills of an alienating and immoral global force. Against a prospect of social work movements being individually and structurally transformative on a global level, it is argued that local cultural orders of reflexivity are the ground from which to properly understand the purpose and remit of its practices. It is claimed that any notion of a global or transnational social work is little more than a vanity. Local culture orders of reflexivity—concentrating as they do on the raw stuff of interactions, plans, interventions and ethics—recognize the need for a shared culture of depth understanding that comes with being native to that culture as a language user and agent of the kinesics and proxemics of ‘being-here’. Neither the nation-state nor irredentism provide a basis for a perfect match between culture and successful practice, but without either of these within whose borders each of us lives, the idea of social work as culturally sensitive to the lives of others with whom we are working becomes increasingly distant and difficult. This position relies on a strong conception of the ‘encumbered self’ used in communitarian political theory. This paper argues that by ignoring the communitarian encumbered self the literature on globalization and social work is insufficiently sensitive to the importance of language and culture and ignores the role social work plays in maintaining local cultural diversity. Some kinds of social or political practice do not need a high degree of cultural literacy as does social work and therefore can engage in promoting a neo-liberal fantasy of a ‘global this or that’. The realities of front-line practice let alone the actual economic constraints on social welfare spending rather insist that we set our sights at the level of the nation-state as the basic unit of administrative responsibility for social care. It also insists that the thick stuff of social interactions is only understandable in terms of a situated self. This paper is thus an argument for the situated and embodied knowledge of social work and against various forms of unlocatable global knowledge claims. Within certain literature on globalization and social work there is a premium on establishing the capacity to see the wider picture from the peripheries and the depths, with the occidental social worker looking in from the outside. But here lies a serious danger of romanticizing and/or appropriating the vision of say the less powerful while claiming to see things from their position.
Book
Full-text available
In this book, the authors set forth a new model of globalization that lays claims to supersede existing models, and then use this model to assess the way the processes of globalization have operated in different historic periods in respect to political organization, military globalization, trade, finance, corporate productivity, migration, culture, and the environment. Each of these topics is covered in a chapter which contrasts the contemporary nature of globalization with that of earlier epochs. In mapping the shape and political consequences of globalization, the authors concentrate on six states in advanced capitalist societies (SIACS): the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, France, Germany, and Japan. For comparative purposes, other states—particularly those with developing economics—are referred to and discussed where relevant. The book concludes by systematically describing and assessing contemporary globalization, and appraising the implications of globalization for the sovereignty and autonomy of SIACS. It also confronts directly the political fatalism that surrounds much discussion of globalization with a normative agenda that elaborates the possibilities for democratizing and civilizing the unfolding global transformation.
Article
Since the late 1980s social work in the UK has undergone a period of unremitting change affecting its organizational structure, value-base, and service users. There has been a regrettable narrowness of scope in the social work literature on such changes, as analysis has been limited to policy and service delivery issues, which treat such changes as if they were simply new technical responses to the problems of reorganizing social services. We argue that such analyses do not engage sufficiently with the complex dynamics driving these changes and that there is a need to contextualize change in social work against the wider political and economic context. The transformative nature of the contemporary period is posited with reference to the impact of global macro-level forces and the ways that these interact with national and political variables on micro-level forms of social work practice. This paper reviews selective literature on globalization and draws linkages with changes in social services at the agency and practitioner level in the UK.
Article
The initial fascination in the west with the economic achievements of the East Asian 'tiger economies' led to an increasing interest in their social welfare regimes. Theorizing on wide-scale socio-economic change might suggest that in occidental and oriental welfare regimes a process of convergence is underway, as a result of competitive pressures generated by the global economy and as part of the diffusion of social welfare discourses worldwide. A particular case of possible convergence, namely community care policies in Taiwan and Britain in the 1990s, is identified. However, despite superficial similarities in policy and practice developments a more careful examination suggests that, whilst they may be infused with similar rhetoric, the context and content of policy and practice in each country is radically different. This suggests the possibility that whilst the global economy will continue to act as a major constraint on social welfare development, with welfare discourses becoming increasingly globalized, the policy and practice which emerges will continue to be inflected by national contexts and mediated by existing country-specific institutional arrangements; a process of glocalization rather than globalization. Die anfängliche Faszination der ökonomischen Erfolge der ostasiatischen 'Tigerstaaten' auf den Westen hat zu einem verstärkten Interesse an ihrem sozialen und wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Regime geführt. Eine Theoretisierung der großformatigen sozio-ökonomischen Veränderungen könnte zu der Annahme führen, daß als Resultat des durch die globalisierte Ökonomie hervorgerufenen Wettbewerbsdrucks und z.T. durch die Ausbreitung wohlfahrtsstaatlicher Diskurse sowohl in den östlichen als auch in den westlichen Wohlfahrtsstaatsregimes sich ein Prozeß der Konvergenz durchstetzt. Dabei geht es hier um den spezifischen Fall einer möglichen Konvergenz der Sozialarbeit (Community care) in Taiwan und Großbritannien. Trotz der bei oberflächlicher Betrachtung scheinbaren Ähnlichkeiten auf der Ebene politischer und praktischer Entwicklungen zeigt eine gründlichere Untersuchung, daß die sich durchsetzenden Politiken und Praxen auch weiterhin durch den nationalstaatlichen Kontext gebrochen und durch bestehende länderspezifische institutionelle Arrangements mediatisiert werden - obwohl die globalisierte Ökonomie nach wie vor einen wesentlichen Zwang auf die Entwicklung des Wohlfahrtsstaates ausübt und die Diskurse über Wohlfahrt zunehmend globalisiert werden. Es handelt sich also eher um einen Prozeß der Glokalisierung denn um Globalisierung. La fasinación inicial del oeste por los logros económicos de los praises del este asiático (los 'tigres económicos') ha llevado a un interés creciente por sus regímenes de bienestar social. La teoría sobre el cambio socioeconómico a gran escala sugiere que los regímenes de bienestar occidentales y orientales, están en un proceso de convergencia debido a las presiones competitivas generadas por la economia global y como parte de la difusión mundial de los discursos de bienestar social. Se identifica un caso particular de posible convergencia en las política y desarrollos práticos, un examen cuidadoso sugiere que, aunque estén infundidas por una retórica similar, los contextos y contenidos politicos y prácticos en ambos paises son radicalmente diferentes. Esto sugiere la posibilidad de que, mientras que la economía global va a continuar actuando como una gran restricción para el desarrollo del bienestar social, con los discursos siendo cada vez más globales, la política y la prática emergentes seguirán siendo moduladas por los contextos nacionales y mediadas por los acuerdos institucionales especificos de cada país; un proceso de glocalización en lugar de globalización. La fascination initiale des Occidnetaux pour les accomplissements économiques des 'Tigres' de l'Extrême Orient les a conduit à s'intresser de plus près à leurs régimes de sécurité sociale. Si l'on théorise les changements socio-économiques à grande échelle, on peut supposer que les systèmes sociaux occidentaux et asiatiques convergent en raison des pressions exercées par la compétition économique mondiale et de la diffusion à travers le monde des discours sur la sécurité sociale. Les auteurs identifient un cas de possible convergence : les politiques d'aide communautaire à Taiwan et en Grande-Bretagne dans les années 90. Cependant un examen plus attentif des politiques et des pratiques laisse supposer que, même inspirées par une rhétorique similaire, le contexte dans lequel elles apparaissent et leur contenu dans chaque pays est radicalement différent, malgré des similitudes superficielles dans leur évolution. Il parait donc probable que les contextes nationaux et les instituions spécifiques à chaque pays continuent à infléchir politiques et pratiques, et ceci parallèlement aux contraintes majeures imposées à l'évolution des systèmrd sociaux par l'éonomie mondialisée, les discours sur le social devenant de plus en plus généraux.
Article
One of the most significant aspects of changing social conditions is the increase in the number of people seeking to migrate relative to greater national and international restrictions on such movement. Within the framework of the European Union only some types of mobility are encouraged, and apart from EU policies, member states have different legislation and practices aimed, generally, at discouraging immigration, including of refugees. Their position, as marginalized or, literally, excluded people presents serious challenges to workers in the social professions. Recent military action in the Balkans threw into sharp relief the varied perceptions of the conflict, a range of attitudes to migrants and refugees and different social welfare responses within and between countries. This article therefore reviews some of the contextual factors surrounding asylum seekers, reports on welfare responses in Britain and Greece, and considers what the implications might be for qualifying and advanced training of European social professionals. Einer der bedeutsamsten Aspekte der sich gegenwärtig verändernden gesellschaftlichen Bedingungen besteht im Verhältnis von einer wachsenden Anzahl von migrationswilligen Menschen und den immer restriktiver werdenen nationalen und internationalen Regulierungen dieser Bewegungen. Im Rahmen der Europäischen Union werden nur einige wenige Formen von Mobilität gefördert, und jenseits der Politik der EU finden sich in den einzelnen Mitgliedsstaaten ganz unterschiedliche Gesetze und Verfahren, die allgemein gesprochen allesamt darauf ausgerichtet sind, Immigration - einschließlich die von Flüchtlingen - zu verhindern. Deren gesellschatliche Position als marginalisierte, oder im Wortsinne exkludierte Menschen stellt für die Angehörigen sozialer Professionen eine ernsthafte Herausfoderung dar. Vor dem Hintergrund der militäischen Auseinandersetzungen auf dem Balkan sind die unterschiedlichen Wahrnehmungen bezüglich des Konfliktes, die Unterschiedlichkeit der Einstellungen gegenüber Migranten und Flüchtlingen sowie die verschiedenen sozialpolitischen Reaktionen in und zwischen den Staaten deutlich hervorgetreten. Aus diesem Grund befaßt sich dieser Artikel mit einigen Kontextfaktoren, die Asylsuchende betreffen, berichtet über die sozialpolitischen Reaktionen in Großbritannien und Griechenland und fragt nach den möglichen Implikationen für die Aus- und Fortbildung in den sozialen Professionen in Europa. Uno de los aspectos más importantes del actual cambio en las condiciones sociales es al aumento en el número de personas que buscan migtar y las mayores restricciones a ese movimiento tanto a nivel nacional como internacional. Por ejemplo, en el marco de la Unión Europea sólo se fomentan ciertos tipos de movilidad mientras que, fuera de las politicas de la UE, los estados miembros tienen diferentes leyes dirigidas, generalmente, a desincentivar la inmigración, incluyendo a los refugiados. La situación de estas personas, como marginados o, literalmente, excluidos presenta un serio desafio a los trabajadores de profesiones sociales. La reciente acción militar en los Balcanes puso bruscamente de relieve las variadas percepciones del conflicto, un amplio rango de actitudes hacia inmigrantes y refugiados y diferentes respuestas de los servicios sociales dentro y entre los estados. Este articulo revisa algunos de los factores del contexto que rodea a los demandantes de asilo, hace referencia a las prespuestas ofreciadas por los servicios de bienestar en Gran Bretaña y Grecia y considera, por último, las implicaciones para una mejor cualificación de los profesionales sociales en Europa a tal efecto. Actuellement, un des apsects les plus significatifs des changements sociaux en cours est l'augmentation du nombre de personnes cherchant à immigrer, alors que les mouvements migratoires sont soumis à des restrictions nationales et internationales de plus en plus sévères. Dans le cadre de l'Union européenne, seuls certains types de mobilité sont encouragés, et à côté des politiques européennes, les états membres ont différentes législations et pratiques généralement destinées à décourager l'immigration, y compris celle des réfugiés. La position de ces derniers, en tant que personnes marginalisées ou carrément exclues, représente un défi sérieux pour les travilleurs sociaux. Les mouvements militaires qui ont eu lieu récemment dans les Balkans ont fortement mis en relief les perceptions variées qui existent du conflit, et tout un éventail d'attitudes envers les migrants et les réfugiés, ainsi que les réponses différentes proposées dans chaque pays et entre eux. Cet article passe donc en revue certains des facteurs contextuels entourant les demandeurs d'asile, décrit les solutions proposées en Grèce et en Grande Bretagne, et considère quelles pourraient en être les conséquences pour un enseignement qualifié des professionnels du domaine social en Europe.
Article
This article presents a comprehensive overview of kinship care, or as it is also known, family and friends care, paying particular attention to the UK child welfare, legal, policy/practice contexts. The aim of the article is to raise awareness, and provide information, about a hitherto largely invisible, yet expanding placement option being widely used in child welfare systems in the UK, in Europe and elsewhere. The article places kinship care within a UK and European child welfare legal context, including the European Convention on Human Rights 1998 [Articles 8 and 14] and European kinship care developments are also highlighted. It contains the main findings of a kinship care research study conducted by the author, based on interviews with children and young people living with kinship carers, as well as with the kinship carers. Following an examination of theoretical and policy issues, the article examines ways forward for developing and supporting kinship care. In the final section, and based on the research findings and literature review, a new paradigm for child welfare is introduced. It is argued that this new paradigm is necessary in order for kinship care practice and policy to develop within a supported and sustainable family support framework.
Developing international perspectives in UK curricula: Opportunities and challenges
  • J Williams
Williams, J. (2004) 'Developing international perspectives in UK curricula: Opportunities and challenges', in K. Lyons (ed.), Internationalising Social Work Education: Considerations and Developments, Birmingham, BASW Monograph Series/Venture Press.
An Examination of Restorative Justice in Canada and Family Group Conferencing Approaches in the UK
  • D Fox
Fox, D. (2005) An Examination of Restorative Justice in Canada and Family Group Conferencing Approaches in the UK, Birmingham, BASW Monograph Series/Venture Press.
The Victoria Climbié Enquiry: Report of an Enquiry by Lord Laming
  • H Laming
Laming, H. (2003) The Victoria Climbié Enquiry: Report of an Enquiry by Lord Laming, London, HMSO.
Full survey of international field practicum placements of accredited schools of social work
  • P Panos
  • G Pettys
  • S Cox
  • E Jones
Panos, P., Pettys, G., Cox, S. and Jones, E. (2004) 'Full survey of international field practicum placements of accredited schools of social work', Journal of Social Work Education, 38(3), pp. 467–78.
European and international perspectives in British social work education
  • K Lyons
Lyons, K. (2002) 'European and international perspectives in British social work education', Social Work in Europe, 9(2), pp. 1–9.
(forthcoming) International Social Work: Global Conditions and Local Practice
  • K Lyons
  • H K Manion
  • M Carlsen
Lyons, K., Manion, H. K. and Carlsen, M. (forthcoming) International Social Work: Global Conditions and Local Practice, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.
International Social Work: Professional Action in an Interdependent World
  • L Healy
Healy, L. (2001) International Social Work: Professional Action in an Interdependent World, New York and Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Principles of World Politics Code of Practice for International Recruitment of Health Care Professionals, available online at www
  • G Modelski
Modelski, G. (1972) Principles of World Politics, 1750–1970, New York, Free Press. NHS Employers (2004) Code of Practice for International Recruitment of Health Care Professionals, available online at www.nhsemployers.org/workforce/ international_recruitment (accessed 10 August 2005).
Global Qualifying Standards for Social Work Education and Training, available online at www
IASSW (2005) Global Qualifying Standards for Social Work Education and Training, available online at www.iassw.iaets.org.
Global theatre', Times Higher Education Supplement
  • H Richards
Richards, H. (1997) 'Global theatre', Times Higher Education Supplement, 7 February, p. 9.
Social Policy and Administration and Social Work (subject benchmarking statements)
Quality Assurance Agency (2000) Social Policy and Administration and Social Work (subject benchmarking statements), Gloucester, QAA.
Postgraduate provision in Europe
  • S Lawrence
Lawrence, S. (forthcoming) 'Postgraduate provision in Europe', in Lyons, K. and Lawrence, S. (eds), Social Work in Europe: Educating for Change, Birmingham, IASSW/Venture Press.
International perspectives in social work education in the USA: History, the new framework and a case study
  • M Carlsen
Carlsen, M. (2004) 'International perspectives in social work education in the USA: History, the new framework and a case study', in K. Lyons (ed.), Internationalising Social Work Education: Considerations and Developments, Birmingham, BASW Monograph Series/Venture Press.
The globalisation of European social work', Social Work in Europe
  • S Trevillion
Trevillion, S. (1997) 'The globalisation of European social work', Social Work in Europe, 4(1), pp. 1–9.
Globalization: Implications for learning and teaching
  • Z Irving
  • M Payne
Irving, Z. and Payne, M. (2005) 'Globalization: Implications for learning and teaching', in Burgess, H. and Taylor, I. (eds), Effective Learning and Teaching in Social Policy and Social Work, Abingdon, RoutledgeFalmer.
The Handbook of Globalisation
  • J Mitchie
Mitchie, J. (ed.) (2003) The Handbook of Globalisation, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar.