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Webraries and Web Archives – The Web Between Public and Private

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Abstract

Since the mid 1990s the World Wide Web - or simply: the Web - has become a cornerstone in our communicative infrastructure, and large portions of our individual and societal lives cannot be fully understood without adding the Web to the equation. However, the Web disappears at an unprecedented pace compared to other media types which is why national Web archives have been established to collect and preserve this part of the cultural heritage. But the term 'Web archive' obscures that, by and large, Web archives are not strictly speaking archives, but rather libraries, since they preserve what has been made publicly available, and not the private Web (personal email correspondence, personal social media profiles, companies' intranets). Therefore a national Web archive with a remit to preserve the national Web should rather be called a 'Webrary', that is 'a collection of Web publications'. This chapter argues that what is at stake here is not only a terminological issue. Rather the advent of the Web is challenging and blurring the fundamental distinction between archives and libraries that has prevailed for centuries. © 2017 N. Brügger Published by Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

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... 42 For these, and for ethical and legal reasons, web archives really only reflect the publicly accessible, or 'open', web. 43 Whilst those doing the web archiving have come up with an array of creative workarounds to potential problems, 44 there are limits. The migration of content from sites and blogs to platform environments is a key challenge. ...
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Учебное пособие является первым в России, призванным представить основы работы с веб-архивами при проведении исторических исследований. Предназначено для углубленного изучения веб-архивов как исторических источников и возможностей их использования в исследованиях. В главах книги показана специфика веб-истории как междисциплинарного исследовательского поля, описан процесс веб-архивирования, продемонстрировано влияние веб-архивов на складывание исторических источников нового типа, представлен краткий обзор исторических исследований, проведенных на основе использования ресурсов веб-архивов, рассмотрен инструментарий и методы проведения исследования в области веб-истории. Учебное пособие предназначено студентам исторических специальностей, исследователям, изучающим социальную, культурную, экономическую и политическую историю современности, а также историю информационных технологий, сети Интернет и Всемирной паутины. Также пособие будет полезно студентам и специалистам в области социальных и гуманитарных наук, использующим ресурсы Интернета и веб-архивов в профессиональной деятельности.
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Chapter
Web Archiving and Archiving StrategiesA Brief History of Web ArchivingThe Archived Web DocumentWeb Philology and the Use of Archived Web MaterialThe Future of Web ArchivingReferences
Chapter
Since its beginnings in 1995, the Internet Archive has pursued the longterm goal of providing universal access to all knowledge, within our lifetime.
Web History and the Web as a Historical Source
  • N Brügger
Brügger, N. (2012). Web History and the Web as a Historical Source. Zeithistorische Forschungen, 9(2), 316-325.