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ENHANCEMENT OF THE DESIGNER PERFORMANCE IN BATHROOM INTERIOR
DESIGN
*Dr. Deniz Ayşe Yazıcıoğlu
Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Interior Architecture Department, Taşkışla Campus,
34437 Taksim, Turkey
*Corresponding Author
Received 20th June 2015; Published 31st July 2015
Abstract
The success of a good interior design is basically measured in line with its meeting the user requirements base defined at the
preliminary stage. This is because the priority of users in interior design is "designing of the functional spaces that meet the needs
thereof". As such, the aim of this study has been identified as examining the documents the interior designers utilize with an eye
to determine the user requirements at the preliminary stage of interior architecture design and implementation and suggestion of
necessary revisions for obtaining complete and accurate data with these documents. The scope of this study is limited only to
bathroom interior design in order that detailed results can be achieved. The documents utilized to determine user requirements in
bathroom interior design have been investigated as the methodology in line with the defined scope and purpose at the first stage.
At the next stage, all data obtained from these documents have been examined by comparing systematically and the shortcomings
have been revealed. At the last stage of the study suggestions to eliminate these shortcomings in question have been made.
Keywords: Bathroom interior design, user requirements, client questionnaire, interior design performance,
Copyright © Dr. Deniz Ayşe Yazıcıoğlu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
To cite this paper: Dr. Deniz Ayşe Yazıcıoğlu 2015 Enhancement of the designer performance in bathroom interior design, International
Journal of Information Research and Review. Vol. 2, Issue, 07, pp. 962-970, July, 2015.
INTRODUCTION
Interior design is the total creative solution for a programmed
interior. It encompasses the conceptual planning, aesthetic and
technical solutions applied to achieve the desired result. A
“programmed interior” means a specific intended purpose or
use of the built environment. Interior design concerns itself
with more than just the visual or ambient enhancement of an
interior space, it seeks to optimize and harmonize the uses to
which the built environment will be put (ASID, 2015). Interior
design and implementation process basically consists of five
stages disregarding the size and scope of the project. These
stages include the preliminary preparation, schematic design,
design development, receipt of official approval subsequent to
preparation of documents and implementing the application
(Yazıcıoğlu,2012). The main objective(s) of the project is
determined at the preliminary preparation which is the first and
most important stage of the interior space design and
implementation process; functional, dimensional and
contextual requirements listings are created for each space.
Works to be performed are defined and planned before, after
or in parallel with the works to be performed. A good interior
design is possible only upon completion of the preliminary
preparation stage in a healthy way.
Obtaining precise and accurate data at this stage minimizes the
errors that may occur in the later stages and prevents loss of
money and workforce (Temple, 2011; Yazıcıoğlu, 2012).
Anthropometric sensory and cognitive dimensions of the users
have to be defined at the preliminary stage in order that the
works to be carried out as a priority (Arcan and Evci, 1992).
This is because the humans provide size, scale and proportion
to the environment with all the dimensions thereof. Knowing a
human's physical and psychosocial dimensions ensures the
identification of the user's expectations or in other words
requirements as to the environment thereof. Comfortable
spaces which are aesthetically designed with high value and
according to the requirements of the users help to increase the
life quality (Sally, 2005; Sensoy, 1984; Yazıcıoğlu, 2012). The
success of interior design is basically measured in line with its
meeting the user requirements base defined at the preliminary
stage. Addi and Lytle (2000), express that the first priority of
users in internal space design is designing of the functional
spaces that meet the needs thereof. Therefore, they emphasize
the need to be in cooperation with users to understand them in
the design process (Addi and Lytle, 2000), Ching (2004)
underlines in particular the need to take into consideration the
users and their action needs to be able to understand the
function of the interior space and meet the requirements
related thereto in the best and most accurate way.
ISSN: 2349-9141
Available online at http://www.ijirr.com
International Journal of Information Research and Review
Vol. 2, Issue, 07, pp. 962-970, July, 2015
OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL
Arcan and Evci (1992) state that user is the measure of
everything in the design process and combination of single
actions arising from the user's needs which is the most
important item to be taken into consideration constitute action
areas and action areas come together and constitute usage
areas. In this regard, they emphasize that interior design is
realized by adjustment of action areas and the necessary
equipments and fixtures with appropriate circulation areas.
Stephenson and Stephenson (1960) also support this idea and
state that the designer may have valuable ideas at the starting
point but they have no importance if these ideas are not in
agreement with user needs (Yazıcıoğlu and Kanoğlu, 2015).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The aim of this study has been identified as examining the
documents the interior designers utilize with an eye to
determine the user requirements at the preliminary stage of
interior architecture design and implementation and suggestion
of necessary revisions for obtaining complete and accurate
data with these documents. The scope of this study is limited
only to bathroom interior design in order that detailed results
can be achieved. The documents utilized to determine user
requirements in bathroom interior design have been
investigated as the methodology in line with the defined scope
and purpose at the first stage. At the next stage, all data
obtained from these documents have been examined by
comparing systematically and the shortcomings have been
revealed. At the last stage of the study suggestions to eliminate
these shortcomings in question have been made.
Documents Used in Order to Determine user Requirements
In Bathroom Interior Design
As a result of research conducted in order to identify
documents used in order to determine user requirements in
bathroom interior design, it was found that these documents
are questionnaire documents containing closed and open-ended
questions (Client Questionnaire). CTA (2014) states that
personal meetings made using the Client Questionnaire are
very important to design process. Because client questionnaire
translates the research objectives into specific questions that
are asked of the respondents.
It standardizes those questions and the response categories so
every participant responds to identical stimuli. By its wording,
question flow, and appearance, it fosters cooperation and
keeps respondents motivated throughout the interview.
Questionnaires serve as permanent records of the research.
They speed up the process of data analysis (e-bookspdf, 2014).
Ayrıca (e-bookspdf, 2014; Burns and Bush, 2013) It is
mentioned that use of "Client Questionnaire" furnishes the
following additional benefits which help the progress the
design process in a correct manner (Karaaslan and Yazicioglu,
2015):
It translates the research objectives into specific questions
that are asked of the respondents.
It standardizes those questions and the response categories
so every participant responds to identical stimuli.
By its wording, question flow, and appearance, it fosters
cooperation and keeps respondents motivated throughout
the interview.
Questionnaires serve as permanent records of the research.
They speed up the process of data analysis.
They contain the information upon which reliability
assessments such as test-retest or equivalent-form
questions may be made, and they are used in follow-up
validation of respondents' participation in the survey.
27 different Client Questionnaires were obtained as a result of
the researches carried out within the work to determine the
user needs in the bathroom interior design (AK Complate
Home Renovations, 2015; Bilathikulam, 2015; Churchville
Kitchen and Home Design, 2015 Cowdin, 2015; Dutton, 2015;
Design Salon Online, 2015; Elliott Oaks, 2015; EUTR, 2015;
HGTV, 2015a; HGTV, 2015b; Heitzman Architects, 2015;
Imagine That, 2015; MKC Kitchen and Bath Center, 2015; Mr.
Paul’s Custom Cabinets, 2015; Murray Arnott, 2015; HGTV,
2015a; Kitchen and Design, 2015; Kitchen by Julie, 2015;
Kitchens Etc., 2015; Kitchens of Diablo, 2015; Preferred,
2015; So Cal Kitchen Visions-Kitchen and Bath Designer,
2015; Star Craft Custom Builders, 2015; Techline, 2015;
Terrio, 2015; RIG, 201TMCC, 2015; HTRR, 2015). When
the questions in these resources are evaluated quantitatively it
was observed that they did not have a homogeneous
distribution as seen in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Numerical distribution of questions in sources
963 Dr. Deniz Ayşe Yazıcıoğlu.
Enhancement of the designer performance in bathroom interior design
and Star Craft Custom
Builders (2015) respectively.
Figure 2. The frequency
Table 1. Questions to determine user requirements in the bathroom interior design
No Questions
001 What type of project is this?
002
What are the primary reasons you want to remodel your bath?
003
What are the top three gripes about existing bathroom?
004
Have you ever renovated a bathroom before?
005
When would you like to start the project?
006
When would you like to complete the project?
007
Will you be living in the residence during
008
Has anyone else assisted you in preparing a design for the bath?
009
Do you have a specific builder/contractor or other subcontractor with whom you would like to work?
010
What portion of the project, if any, will be your
011
What budget range have you established for your bath project?
012
How long do you plan to live in the house?
013
What family members will share in the final decision
014
How many family members use this bathroom as their primary bathroom?
015
Who will be the primary user(s) of the bathroom
016
What are the heights of the primary users?
017
Is this bathroom for a house, condo or other?
018 Are sustainable design ideas
important to your family?
019
Is this a master, children, main, guest bathroom or powder room?
020
How many bathrooms are currently in the home? How are they used and how often?
021
How many bathrooms do you need?
022
How many powder rooms do you have?
023
Do you have a master bathroom? How many people use it?
024
Should the master bedroom include a bathroom?
025
Is master suite bathroom located in master suite?
026
Is hall bathroom located on main bedroom level of
027
Powder room / hall bathroom located on what level of home?
028
Do any of the bedrooms need their own bathrooms? If so list those which do and type of fixtures desired in each?
029
How many family members may be in the bathroom at the same
030 Are you alone in the bathroom-
is someone else in the household getting ready at the same time? If so, how do you interact in
the space? Do you have enough privacy?
031 Who is the user of the bathroom?
964
International Journal of Information Research and Review
construction?
responsibility?
-making process?
home?
time?
Vol. 2, Issue, 07, pp. 962-970, July
A total of 487 questions were obtained in 27 different polls as
can be seen in Figure 1 is as reaching. These 487 questions
were examined in a comparative manner and the ones showing
similarities were elected as shown in Table
1and the number of
questions was reduced to a total of 166.
of use of first 10 most commonly used questions
Table 1. Questions to determine user requirements in the bathroom interior design
Do any of the bedrooms need their own bathrooms? If so list those which do and type of fixtures desired in each?
is someone else in the household getting ready at the same time? If so, how do you interact in
Continue…….
,
2015
032
How tall is the tallest/the shortest user of the bath?
033
Are you willing or looking to make structural changes?
034
When was the house built?
035
How long have you lived in this house?
036
How old is the present bath?
037
Are you considering relocating windows, doors or walls in your new plan?
038
Is there a view from the bathroom to be considered?
039
What is the characteristics of family members who will be using the new bathroom?
040
Do you anticipate: New children arriving? Children leaving the home? Parents coming to live with you?
041
Is children's bathroom located in children's bedroom?
042
Will more than one person be using the bathroom at the same time?
043
What types of bathroom activities can be done in a shared bathroom space?
044
What activities will be taking place in this bathroom?
045
What types of bathroom activities need to be done in private?
046
How important is auditory privacy?
047
How private should the bathroom be from the rest of the house and from the outof-doors?
048
Have you considered privacy zoning to allow several users to occupy the space at one time?
049
What do you dislike about your present bath?
050
What do you like about your present bath?
051
What features are you missing in your bathroom?
052
How long have the problems with the space existed and what have you done to try to remedy the issues? What worked and what
didn’t?
053
Will this bathroom be used by visitors to the home?
054
Is guest bathroom located in guest bedroom?
055
Do any regular or frequent visitors have any physical limitation?
056
Does anyone have a physical limitation that may require structural accommodation? If so, please describe the limitation.
057
Will the visitors be children or adults?
058
Do you prefer separate showering and bathing areas?
059
Do you want a shower or bath or combination?
060
What kind of tub do you like?
061
What kind of shower do you like?
062
Would you like a tub that will accommodate more than one person?
063
Would you like a shower that will accommodate more than one person?
064
Will the there be a Jacuzzi or Spa? If so do you enjoy reading in the spa?
065
Does the shower need to be curbless for wheelchair access?
066
What water usage concerns do you have? For instance, do you often run out of hot water when filling the tub?
067
Is the water pressure adequate in current showers and tubs?
068
Is there enough hot water to meet our family’s needs?
069
Will you have a heating zone in the baths or will you use toe kick heaters, heated floors, or heat/fan/light combo?
070
Will the shower also be used as a steam shower?
071
Do you want a bench in the shower?
072
Do you want a tiled shower or bath surround?
073
What material are you considering on shower walls?
074
Do you prefer the water closet and / or bidet to be separate from the other fixtures and placed in its own compartment?
075
What appliances do you plan on using in the bathroom?
076
Do you want an "appliance garage" for commonly used items such as hairdryers and curling irons?
077
What colors do you like?
078
What colors do you dislike?
079
What colors are you considering for you new bathroom?
080
What are the color preferences of other family members?
081
What will be the color of your fixtures (toilet, tub, sink)?
082
Are there specific materials, fixtures, cabinetry or other features that you have pre-selected and want included in the project?
083
What faucet finish do you have in mind?
084
What is the size of the bathroom?
085
Do you want a larger or smaller bathroom?
086
What type of vanity do you like?
087
Will there be a make up area or simply a vanity?
088
What should be the vanity size?
089
Do you want single or double bowl vanity?
090
Would you like a custom made vanity?
091
What style do you like?
092
Do you need extra countertop space?
093
Does the current bathroom have enough countertop area?
094
What kind of countertop materials are you interested in?
095
Do you have a preference for the height of your countertops?
096
Is your current bathroom storage adequate?
097
What are your storadge needs?
098
What features would help you keep your cabinet storage system well-organized?
099
Do you need linen storage, or storage for multiple people?
100
Outside a linen closet, do you want a lot of storage area for personal items?
101
Do you want centered sink or off to one side?
102
Are you looking for an undermount sink, drop in or vessel style sink?
103
How many sinks do you need?
104
What is your preferred sink style?
105
Do you want a backsplash?
106
Are there enough electrical outlets?
107
Are you looking for vanity mirrors or mirrored medicine cabinets?
108
Will this vanity area have a plate mirror, decorative or an articulated mirror?
Continue…….
965 Dr. Deniz Ayşe Yazıcıoğlu.
Enhancement of the designer performance in bathroom interior design
When the distribution of questions utilized for determining
user requirements in bathroom interior design listed in Table 1
were analyzed according to resources it was seen that they
were like in Table 2. When the Table 2 was created some
questions are split into multiple questions in order that they
could be matched correctly and some of them were combined
and converted to one question.
Proposal for the Creatıon of Documents to Ensure
Adequate and Correct Identıfıcatıon of User Requırements
ın Bathroom Interıor Desıgn
It is recommended to use all of the 166 different questions
listed in Table 1 in bathroom interior design when creating
new documents to ensure identification of user needs at an
adequate level and accurately (Yazıcıoğlu, 2015). However, if
negotiations to be carried out with users will be performed in a
limited period of time and if there is not enough time to ask all
of the 166 different questions, priority should be given to 10
questions which are the most common ly met in terms of
frequency of use according to resources (Figure 2). In this
way questions in new documents should be divided into
groups according to their importance level and a progressive
structure should be established.
Anthropometric measurements and physical limits of the users
are very important in interior design. In other words, a more
functional interior design is possible only if it is ergonomic for
the user thereof.
109 What type of flooring material are you interested in?
110 What type of floor do you have now?
111 Are you going to keep your existing flooring?
112 Do you want to tile the walls of the bathroom? If so, how high?
113 What are your wood preferences?
114 List any wood species or finishes you imagine in your bathroom?
115 Do you prefer laminates?
116 Do you prefer fiberglass tub/shower units or cast iron?
117 Are you interested in a toilet topper for extra storage?
118 Does your bathroom require ventilation or an updated unit?
119 Does the bathroom currently have an exhaust fan?
120 What type of lighting do you want?
121 Do you need any additional electrical outlets?
122 Are the current electrical outlets protected with ground fault?
123 Would you like to have the flexibility of a hand held shower or any other particular fixtures?
124 What will the relation between cabinet and ceilling?
125 What type of cabinet do you like?
126 What cabinet door and drawer material do you prefer?
127 Is your bathroom’s cabinet storage sufficient for your needs?
128 What kind of cabinet accessories do you like?
129 What special qualities (bright, roomy, double sinks) do you like in a bathroom?
130 Do you need a separate makeup area?
131 Should the toilet be in a separate space?
132 How many people live the home? What are their ages?
133 Do you have separate half-bathrooms for guests (a powder room) and family (perhaps off a mudroom)?
134 Is there a powder room for guests only or does the family use it as an additional bathroom?
135 Do you plan to grow old in the space? If so, incorporating Aging-In Place design will be a consideration.
136 Do you want a common toilet on the first floor of the house?
137 Do you want an exterior toilet?
138 Do you plan on having a servant? If so, does this person require a separate portion of the house for living?
139 What are your “must haves” for your new bathroom?
140 What safety features are you interested in?
141 What spot would be convenient for soaps and shampoos in your shower and/or tub area?
142 Would you like your towels stored in your bathroom?
143 Which items are necessary in your bathroom?
144 Is bathroom door accessible?
145 Is toilet accessible?
146 What is the type of toilet?
147 Can client transfer on/off of toilet independently?
148 Can client safely move in the bathroom independently?
149 Can client safely retrieve items from drawers independently?
150 Is the sink accessible?
151 What does the client use-stall shower tub and shower tub?
152 Can client safely step over ledge independently?
153 Are there grab bars present?
154 Can client safely manage the faucet independently?
155 Do you have any pets?
156 Have you consider your need for skylights, windows, fans, and how they need to be controlled?
157 Will audio- video or telecom be part of this master bath design? If so, let’s consider speakers, video feeds, system controls,
etc.
158 What is the primary time of day that the bathroom is used?
159 What existing fixtures will you be keeping?
160 Are you considering additional plumbing fixtures?
161 Would you be interested in a focal point in shower or a deco border?
162 Are there mold or mildew problems with your existing bath?
163 How would you rate the overall condition of the bath to be remodeled?
164 If this is your only bathroom, what do you plan on doing while your current one is unusable?
165 Is this the only bathroom in your home?
166 Do you want his and her facilities?
966 International Journal of Information Research and Review Vol. 2, Issue, 07, pp. 962-970, July,
2015
Therefore, questions should towards understanding the
features of users when new physical documents are created.
When the questions in Table 1derived from 27 different
sources examined, it was observed that there were 7 questions
related to this topic in Table 3.
When the distribution according to the source of the questions
in Table 3 are examined it was seen that questions for
understanding the physical properties of users were in 7
sources in total and some of these sources included a single
question like “What are the heights of the primary users?”
Table 2. Distribution of the questions used to determine the user requirements by the sources
Question No
Imagine That, 2015
MKC Kitchen and Bath Center, 2015
Design Salon Online, 2015
Murray Arnott, 2015
HGTV, 2015a
HGTV, 2015b
So Cal Kitchen Visions-Kitchen and Bath Designer, 2015
Cowdin, 2015
Dutton, 2015
Heitzman Architects, 2015
Bilathikulam, 2015
AK Complate Home Renovations, 2015
Kitchen by Julie, 2015
Terrio, 2015
RIG, 2015
Techline, 2015
Kitchens of Diablo, 2015
Star Craft Custom Builders, 2015
TMCC, 2015
HTRR, 2015
Elliott Oaks, 2015
Preferred, 2015
Kitchens Etc., 2015
EUTR, 2015
Mr. Paul’s Custom Cabinets, 2015
Kitchen and Design, 2015
Churchville Kitchen and Home Design, 2015
Question No
Imagine That, 2015
MKC Kitchen and Bath Center, 2015
Design Salon Online, 2015
Murray Arnott, 2015
HGTV, 2015a
HGTV, 2015b
So Cal Kitchen Visions-Kitchen and Bath Designer, 2015
Cowdin, 2015
Dutton, 2015
Heitzman Architects, 2015
Bilathikulam, 2015
AK Complate Home Renovations, 2015
Kitchen by Julie, 2015
Terrio, 2015
RIG, 2015
Techline, 2015
Kitchens of Diablo, 2015
Star Craft Custom Builders, 2015
TMCC, 2015
HTRR, 2015
Elliott Oaks, 2015
Preferred, 2015
Kitchens Etc., 2015
EUTR, 2015
Mr. Paul’s Custom Cabinets, 2015
Kitchen and Design, 2015
Churchville Kitchen and Home Design, 2015
001 X X X X X X 084 X X X
002 X X X 085 X X
003 X086 X
004 X X 087 X
005 X X X X X X X X X 088 X
006 X X X X X X X X X X 089 X X X
007 X X 090 X
008 X091 X X X X X X X X X X
009 X X X X 092 X
010 X X X 093 X X X
011 X X X X X X X X X X X X X 094 X X X X X X
012 X X X X X 095 X
013 X X X 096 X
014 XX XXXXXX 097 X X X X X X X X X X
015 X XXXXXX 098 X X
016 X099 X X X X X X X X X X
017 X X X X X X 100 X X X X X X
018 X X X X 101 X
019 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 102 X
020 X X X X X X X X X 103 X X X
021 X X X 104 X
022 X105 X X
023 X106 X
024 X107 X
025 X108 X
026 X109 X X X X X X X
027 X110 X
028 X X 111 X X
029 X X X 112 X X
030 X113 X
031 X X 114 X
032 X115 X
033 X X X X X 116 X
034 X X X X X X 117 X
035 X118 X X
036 X X X X 119 X
037 X X 120 X X X X X X X X
038 X X X 121 X
039 X X X X X X X X X 122 X
040 X123 X
041 X124 X
042 X X X 125 X
043 X126 X X
044 X X X X X 127 X X
045 X128 X
046 X X 129 X
047 X130 X
048 X131 X X X
049 X X X X X X X X X X 132 X X X X X X
050 X X X X X X X X X X X 133 X
051 X X X X 134 X
052 X135 X
053 X X 136 X
054 X137 X
055 X X 138 X
056 X X 139 X
057 X140 X X X
058 X X X X X 141 X
059 X X X X X X X X X X 142 X
060 X X X X 143 X
061 X144 X
062 X X X X X X 145 X
063 X X X 146 X
064 X147 X
065 X148 X
066 X149 X
067 X150 X
068 X151 X
069 X X 152 X
070 X153 X
071 X154 X
072 X155 X X
073 X X 156 X
074 X X X X 157 X
075 X X X X X X X 158 X
076 X159 X X
077 X X X X X 160 X
078 X X X X X 161 X
079 X X X X X 162 X
080 X X 163 X
081 X164 X
082 X X X X X X X X X X 165 X
083 X166 X X X X X
967 Dr. Deniz Ayşe Yazıcıoğlu.
Enhancement of the designer performance in bathroom interior design
or “How tall is the tallest/the shortest user of the bath?”
(Churchville Kitchen and Home Design, 2015; Kitchen by
Julie, 2015). Questions to understand the physical properties of
the users should be included in the new documents to be
created and should be identified in a way to be answered by
taking into consideration the activities to be carried out in the
bathroom and areas of activity (Yazıcıoğlu, 2012). In other
words, which of the physical limits and anthropometric
measurements of the users should be taken for which area of
activity should be included in the documents.
Table 3. Questions to understand the physical features of the users
References
Questions
Imagine That, 2015
MKC Kitchen and Bath Center, 2015
Design
Salon Online, 2015
HGTV, 2015a
So Cal Kitchen Visions
-
Kitchen and Bath Designer,
2015
Cowdin, 2015
AK Complate Home Renovations, 2015
Kitchen by Julie, 2015
RIG, 2015
Kitchens of Diablo, 2015
Star Craft Custom Builders, 2015
Churchville Kitchen and Home De
sign, 2015
What are the heights of the primary users? X
How tall is the tallest/the shortest user of the bath? X
What is the characteristics of family members who will
be using the new bathroom?
X X X X X X X X X
Do any regular or frequent visitors have any physical
limitation?
X X
Does anyone have a physical limitation that may require
structural accommodation? If so, please describe the
limitation.
X X
Will the visitors be children or adults? X
How many people live the home? What are their ages? X X X X X X
Table 4. Questions for defining user requirements in terms of color
References
Questions
Imagine That, 2015
Design Salon Online, 2015
HGTV, 2015b
So Cal Kitchen Visions
-
Kitchen and Bath Designer,
2015
Kitchen by Julie, 2015
RIG, 2015
Kitchens of Diablo, 2015
Star Craft Custom Builders, 2015
EUTR, 2015
What colors do you like? X X X X X
What colors do you dislike? X X X X X
What colors are you considering for you new
bathroom?
X X X X X
What are the color preferences of other family
members?
X X
What will be the color of your fixtures (toilet, tub,
sink)?
X
968 International Journal of Information Research and Review Vol. 2, Issue, 07, pp. 962-970, July,
2015
Main activity areas:
Discharge,
Cleaning,
Washing,
Secondary activity areas:
Washing and drying clothes
Color is a significant design element that has the power to
change the perception of space completely. The psychological
effect of color changes the mental activities, physical
performance, psychosocial situation of humans and plays
important roles in the human-fixture-environment system.
Very different effects can be created on users by changing the
colors or even tones of a color in a space where everything is
completely the same (Sağocak, 2005).
Therefore, questions to identify user requests and their needs
as to the color information , to receive clear and accurate
answers must be able to receive clear and accurate answers.
When the questions in Table 1 were examined it was seen that
it included five questions from Table 4.
The answers of these five questions to be given by the users
will be will be in the nature of the name and tone of the color
such as light green or dark blue and etc. However,
identifications intended by the users such as light green or dark
blue has very low probability of being the same color tones
corresponding to these names in the mind of the designer. An
error to be made at this point can cause very undesired and
adverse consequences in terms of user satisfaction (Karaaslan
and Yazicioglu, 2015).
Therefore, the users must be provided with a color chart for
making selection instead of saying the name of the color and
tone in the new forms to be created. Similarly, when questions
regarding the determination of the style are evaluated it was
observed that the two questions in Table 5 were asked to
understand this. The users have to have high command of
design styles in interior design in order that they can give
healthy answers to these questions.
However, it is not right to have such an expectation for users.
Therefore, the users should be required to make their style
preferences through various visuals in the new documents to
be created (Yazıcıoğlu, 2015).
RESULTS
It will be possible to create the documents to be used for
determining the user requirements in bathroom interior design
accurately and completely in line with all recommendations
made within the scope of work.
Usage of these documents to be generated anew will
improve designer performance in bathroom interior design
significantly.
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Table 5. Questions for defining user requirements in terms of style
References
Questions
Imagine That, 2015
MKC Kitchen and Bath Center, 2015
HGTV, 2015b
So Cal Kitchen
Visions-
Kitchen and Bath Designer,
2015
Kitchen by Julie, 2015
Kitchens of Diablo, 2015
Star Craft Custom Builders, 2015
HTRR, 2015
Preferred, 2015
EUTR, 2015
What style do you like? X X X X X X X X X X
What is your preferred sink style? X
969 Dr. Deniz Ayşe Yazıcıoğlu.
Enhancement of the designer performance in bathroom interior design
Churchville Kitchen and Home Design. 2015. Bath
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Cowdin 2015. Bathrooms,<http://www.cow dinremodeling.
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bG9hZHMvRGVzaWduaW5nJTIwRGF0YSUyMENvbGx
lY3Rpb24lMjBGb3Jtcy1RdWVzdGlvbm5haXJlcy5wZGY
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02 June 2015.
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*******
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2015
Thesis
Full-text available
A PERFORMANCE-BASED INTEGRATED SYSTEM FOR BATHROOM DESIGN AT BUILDING PREMISES LEVEL SUMMARY In 21th century, differentiation and dynamism concepts, influence the design world in general and show some traces in architectural forms and interior design naturally. As a result of these concepts; the demand for renewal of interior spaces and the creation of new designs have become a trend. With the concepts of renewal and replacement, in order to increase the efficiency (optimization) of designs, different searches have been undertaken. One of them is design management, these are the activities that should be activated in the early stages of the design, which ensure the completion of the design at the targeted time, quality and cost. Furthermore; design management concept includes integration, planning, coordination, risk mitigation and more innovative approaches. In more depth lookage, management activities should be carried out simultaneously in order to proceed efficiently in interior design. Baths that must meet both physiological and psychological needs of users; are the most renewed domestic spaces which contain the must be controlled various factors such as the heat, temperature, noise, odor, humidity, steam, water, electricity and natural gas. Bathrooms are important units that have a high impact on housing cost owing to their design, health equipments and the spaces of actions. The bathrooms are a necessity for designing a house which is defined as the places where a significant part of the basic needs are met. In a nutshell, the aim is for a better optimization of interior spaces which can be also regarded as suitable interior comfort conditions. For all these reasons, these are places that need to be meticulously studied to increase performance. As a result of researches and literature surveys related to bathroom spaces within the scope of the study, the problem is found to be the lack of integrated models for evaluating performance in bathroom system design processes. In general, it is determined that the various studies related to design performance take place in the literature, but no studies have been found covering the whole design process for evaluating the performance in bathroom design. Models based on the possibilities and bathroom design combinations, which are created by taking into account a limited number of bathroom equipment, mostly selected as scope. In the light of these impressions, the study is of great importance both in sectoral activities and in the literature in order to make a healthy performance evaluation in bathroom designs. After the deficiencies are identified, the main objective of this thesis is to develop an integrated process management model to increase the design performance of the bathroom systems based on all design parameters and performance-based construction determined in light of the bathroom interior requirements, user needs and demands; aiming to measure performance based on the concept of sustainability, xxvi Kanoğlu et al. (2008) is a subproject of the master project titled “SIMURG: A Performance-Based and Sustainability-Oriented Integration Model Using Relational Database Architecture to Increase Global Competitiveness of Turkish Construction Industry in Industry 4.0 Era”. This study is “SIMURG_COMMON_BLUE: A Performance-Based Integrated System for Bathroom Design at Building Premises Level” which is a sub-project of master project entitled as “SIMURG: A Performance-Based and SustainabilityOriented Integration Model Using Relational Database Architecture to Increase Global Competitiveness of Turkish Construction Industry in Industry 4.0 Era” by Kanoğlu and others (2008). SIMURG_COMMON_BLUE is based on three dimentional surfaces, building environment and product related database in the context of creating artifical environment, building premises. The latter dimension of the database which is focusing on key words can be listed as SIMURG, Sustainability, Integration, Interoperability, Innovativeness, Competitiveness and Competition by Design, Transparency, Consistency, Accountability, Legitimacy, Bathroom, Bathroom Design, Performance-Based Design, Performance-Based Building, PerformanceBased Building Process, Performance-Based Assesment and Building. There is another dimension which can be called as standard layers‟ set is reforming process management model in the context of key performance indicator. It is a process management model developed in the context of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) in the “Standard” layer set among layers which can be considered as the fourth dimension of the current three-dimensional structure for Performance Based Evaluation. In order to make a performance evaluation of the bathroom design, the minimum technical dimensions of the bathrooms, form information that can adapt to the space requirements, ergonomic vitrification dimensions and many other sub-components are needed; KPI (Key Performance Indicator) sets have been determined for the design to be aesthetical, user-friendly and functional. Performance assessment is a very important issue since the companies that design bathroom equipment systems in the construction sector are in competition. With the help of the developed model, companies working on bathroom design in the sector will be able to determine their competencies, deficiencies, problems occurring in the design process and the stages during which the problems emerge while the design of each bathroom design or bathroom equipment they are performing through performance-based evaluation system; will be able to provide efficiency (optimization) by taking necessary measures related to the identified problems. The thesis includes of 5 main chapters. In the first part of thesis, the importance of the research and the background of the subject are examined, the problem within the framework is indicated, the existing examples related to performance-based construction and performance-based evaluation in bathroom design in the literature are mentioned, aims of study and its research methodology are given. Additionally, it is explained why this study is needed and where the existing models are insufficient. In the second part; the historical development about concept of bathrooms, technical information about the bathroom systems, such as main areas of action for bathroom, xxvii bathroom equipment and measurement information, placement of bathroom equipment in space and performance indicators in bathroom design are given. In the third chapter; bathroom design parameters and factors affecting bathroom design, such as user, bathroom, action-related and bathroom equipment properties are examined. In the fourth part, from the general information of the SIMURG Master Project, the database model taken from the master project is explained with a visual expression, although it is not covered by the conceptual and thesis in the case of SIMURG_COMMON_BLUE. The concept of performance based production and assessment and the studies carried out within the scope of this concept are examined. In the last section, which is the fifth part, the results obtained from the study are presented. As a conclusion, it should be evaluated as a meaningful and important improvement initiative thanks to measuring performance in bathroom spaces in terms of time, cost and quality, eliminating problems in the design process, creating controlled designs and all other advantages mentioned; because of the fact that this study will be developed with some researches in many aspects in the future.
Article
Full-text available
Considering the developing conditions in interior architecture undergraduate education and inevitability of performing restructuring works to this end is a reality expressed also in the literature. Performance-based design is one of the key concepts in this approach. When the works as to interior design project performance are examined it can be observed that conducting assessments of user recognition correctly and fully at the preliminary stage of project is an important component affecting the design performance. This is because the success of interior space design is measured by considering to what extent the requirements of the users are met. In this context, the purpose of this study has been designated as the creation of documents the students will benefit from while determining user requirements at the preliminary stage of the project within the purview of Interior Architecture Design Studio courses within the interior design undergraduate education. The scope of the study is limited to only residential interior design projects with an eye to reach a more elaborate result. Literature and practical application resources were researched to determine the documents utilized for recognizing the users in residential interior design as methodology at the first stage in line with the scope and purpose defined. Subsequently, all the documents obtained were examined by making comparisons in a systematic manner and the shortcomings of the cited documents were revealed. And in the final stage, suggestions were made with a view to overcome these shortcomings. It will be possible to determine user requirements more accurately through utilization of documents created in line with suggestions to be made within the purview of the study at the preliminary stage of residential interior design projects by interior architecture undergraduate students and this will increase the students' success as to designing significantly.
Article
Full-text available
The success of the interior designer is measured to the extent the interior designer meets user requirements. As such, the most important factor affecting the performance of the designer, is making evaluations for identifying users correctly and completely at the preliminary preparation stage. Interviews are made with the user at the beginning of the design process with an eye to learn the preferences, lifestyle and expectations thereof. There are several documents which will help the designer to make correct determinations at this stage. The more complete data is obtained by virtue of these documents, which in general have the nature of questionnaire, the higher performance will be achieved by the designer. The objective of the study, in this context, was determined as examination of the documents which were benefited for identifying the features of the user at the preliminary preparation stage by the designer and proposals of the designer made for necessary revisions to obtain complete and accurate data by these documents. The scope of the study is limited only to kitchen design in order to obtain detailed results. Documents related to the identification of the user as to kitchen design was researched in line with the specified scope and objective at the first stage as methodology. At the next stage, all data obtained were examined in a systematic way by comparing and the deficiencies of documents were shown. At the final stage the proposals were made to eliminate the said deficiencies. It will be possible to have the projecting process proceed more accurately and increase the designer performance by using a questionnaire to be created in line with the recommendations made within the context of the study.
Article
Full-text available
It is also a reality in the literature that the developing and changing conditions have become inevitable for being considered in the area of interior space design and application and being directed towards restructuring works in this regard. In this approach, one of the key concepts is “performance-based design”. It is also being tried to develop models intended for determination of factors affecting the performance of a specific actor, within a certain period, among the works related to the performance. One of the most important actors for interior space design is the designer. In Kleeman’s opinion, designer’s success primarily depends on his/her capability to fulfill accurately and completely the evaluations intended for recognizing the user at the preliminary stage. Because, the success of interior space design, is measured through to what extent it meets the user’s desires and needs. In this context, the purpose of the study has been decided as reviewing the documents used during determination of the user’s desires and needs at the preliminary stage and recommending necessary revisions in order to acquire complete, accurate data. The scope of the study has been limited to only office interior space design projects for the purpose of reaching detailed results. In line with this scope and objective defined, literature and practical application resources have been investigated as the methodology at the first stage in order to determine the documents utilized towards recognition of the user at office design. Afterwards, the entire documents obtained have been examined by comparing in a systematic manner and deficiencies of these documents have been set forth. And at the last stage, some suggestions have been made for elimination of these deficiencies.
Book
Hafele sponsorluğunda yayınlanmıştır.
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FRONT TO BACK sees urban housing as places to live rather than individual buildings. Using a unique design agenda it provides a step by step approach to achieving quality urban living.
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Marketing Research: Online Research Applications
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