The construction of attachment relationship in child care center: adaptation and validity of “Parent Attachment Diary” for professional caregivers

  • Politecnico e Università degli Studi di Torino
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... In other words, we want to verify the adaptation of the PCAD to childcare centre situations, assessing its ability to catch child's good adaptation over time, and how children's behaviours change within the new context. After a pilot study, in which the original version of the PAD was utilized to be able to understand how to adapt it to childcare centre context (Macagno 2016), in this research we applied the revised versions of PCAD, that we further adjusted and revised to better adapt it (the adaptation of the tool is reported in Appendix). ...
From their origins, Italian early childhood services paid attention to the transition from family to childcare centre, explicitly referring to attachment theory. In the present study, the Parent Attachment Diary was adapted and applied within a childcare centre context to examine the development of infants’ relationship with their professional caregivers during the earliest months of attendance. The research focuses on two studies, using the adapted version of PAD, the Professional Caregiver Attachment Diary (PCAD). The two studies involved a total of 87 professional caregivers and 222 infants aged between 4 and 35 months (M = 16 months). After both 2 and 4 months after starting the childcare centre, children show a significant decrease of Avoidant and Resistant attachment behaviours, but Secure behaviours do not increase over time. However, behaviours coded as Non Distressed significantly increase, which could indicate children feel more secure in the new setting of care over time. These results demonstrate the utility of the PCAD to describe the process of adaptation in the new context.
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