Urban Data. Tools and Methods towards the Algorithmic City



The spread of digital tools and methods is radically changing the design approach and its implications at different scales. Urban Data focuses on innovative operative modalities able in foreseeing city futures facing new energetic, social and environmental challenges. The traditional boundaries between different fields of knowledge are leaving the place to shared visions based on a huge amount of data and information. The parametric and algorithmic practice allows to challenge the complexity by using articulated and flexible models. This book is organized as a platform where different approaches and disciplinary practices related to urban design merge each other into an integrate dimension. This new dimension allows to develop methodological actions and managing urban transformations able to adapt in real time to different urban needs. The proposed contributions create a theoretical and operative framework for new digital technologies and analyse the implication on urban design and modelling at different scales of the datization. Urban Data is characterized by a huge variety of approaches and examples supported by the peculiar experiences both theoretical and practical of the chosen panel of authors. Contributors: Lorenzo Matteoli, Roberto Pagani, Giacomo Chiesa, Orio De Paoli, Maria Rosa Candura, Matthew Claudel, Marco Maria Pedrazzo, Niccolò Suraci, Aurelio David, Alessandra Oppio, Luigi La Riccia, Rocco Curto, Elena Fregonara, Anna Osello, Andrea Acquaviva, Matteo Del Giudice, Edoardo Patti, Niccolò Rapetti.
... Therefore, BIM and EPA go hand in hand where EPA plays an essential act to enhance environmental performance of buildings particularly its capability to optimize energy consumption in conceptual design stage (Schlueter, A. and Geyer, P., 2018), Energy Plus simulation engine could be taken as an example, Furthermore, (Pagani & Chiesa, 2017) illustrates, as shown in Figure 1. the link between Energy Plus engine, and BIM such as the most used tools Revit. Figure 1. ...
... n in conceptual design stage (Schlueter, A. and Geyer, P., 2018), Energy Plus simulation engine could be taken as an example, Furthermore, (Pagani & Chiesa, 2017) illustrates, as shown in Figure 1. the link between Energy Plus engine, and BIM such as the most used tools Revit. Figure 1. The link between BIM and Energy Plus engine (Pagani & Chiesa. 2017) Previous studies investigated the implications of the use of performance simulation tools in early design stage in practice (Attia, Gratia, De Herde, & Hensen, 2012) and (Castro & Alvarado, 2017) and others. It is rather important that in architectural education, the most rudimental step which prepares architects for the near future, th ...
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Contemporary architects rely on various digital and information technology tools starting from early design stages to construction and manufacturing stages. All these tools are reshaping our approach to architectural design, and consequently, to architectural education. As the environmental issues raise in our current approach to architectural design, available technologies are employed to solve these issues in every possible way. Departing from this point of view, energy performance assessment (EPA) tools seem to be useful in the architectural design pedagogy as it affects major design decisions and may completely alter the design process itself. The aim of this paper is to investigate empirically the potential of employing EPA tools in architectural design studio education with the focus on its impact on the design process. A workshop study was held in the design studios of the second year of the department of Architecture at the faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt. A number of thirty six students were selected from the three studios of the department out of the total of hundred ninety eight students to participate in the study as an experimental group. Evaluation of the validity of this study was based on the students' feedback on the experiment through short structured questionnaire, and semi-structured interviews either individually, or in groups. The students of the experimental group could make better judgements on the environmental aspects in their design process. This confirms the applicability of the integration of EPA tools in architectural design studio education to enhance the understanding of the knowledge gained in environmental design projects. Furthermore, this study can help mapping out strategic recommendations for further studies for a model of implementing such tools in the design studio pedagogy.
... A growing interest in smart and intelligent building solutions is evident, and the impact that IT (Information Technologies) and ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) have on both society [1] and the built environment is well-recognised and studied at building [2] and urban [3,4] scales. The last 2018 EPBD EU Directive clearly underlines the importance of smart solutions, mentioning the need to establish a smart readiness indicator (SRI) supporting the calculation of building capability in adapting during operational phases to user needs [5]. ...
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Smart building issues are critical for current energy and comfort managing aspects in built environments. Nevertheless, the diffusion of smart monitoring solutions via user-friendly graphical interfaces is still an ongoing issue subject to the need to diffuse a smart building culture and a low-cost series of solutions. This paper proposes a new low-cost IoT sensor network, exploiting Raspberry Pi and Arduino platforms, for collecting real-time data and evaluating specific thermal comfort indicators (PMV and PPD). The overall architecture was accordingly designed, including the hardware setup, the back-end and the Android user interface. Eventually, three distinct prototyping platforms were deployed for initial testing of the general system, and we analysed the obtained results for different building typologies and seasonal periods, based on collected data and users’ preferences. This work is part of a large educational and citizen science activity.
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