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Early Neolithic pottery complex of the Upper Volga culture from site Zamostje 2: typological composition and chronological frames / Комплекс верхневолжской керамики ранненеолитического слоя стоянки Замостье 2: типологический состав и хронологические рамки

Authors:
  • Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Science, St.Petersbourg, Russia
  • Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Institute for the History of marial cultyure, Russian academy of Sciences, St.-petersburg
... -Hundreds of potsherds with food-crusts, from Early Neolithic (Upper Volga culture, or UV) and Middle Neolithic (Lyalovskaya culture) pottery, of which 30 have been dated directly [4,5]. ...
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Zamostje 2, on the Dubna River, c.100km north of Moscow, appears to offer an ideal opportunity to understand the relative and absolute chronology of Upper Volga Early Neolithic pottery. More than 100 radiocarbon (14C) dates are available from a stratigraphic sequence which spans from the Late Mesolithic to the Middle Neolithic. All typological stages are represented among over 18,000 sherds of Early Neolithic pottery, and many of these sherds bear deposits of carbonised food remains (food-crusts), which can be dated directly by 14C; more than 30 food-crusts have been dated directly. Nevertheless, there remains considerable uncertainty about the date range of Upper Volga pottery at Zamostje 2, and many of the issues raised are relevant to dating early pottery at other sites. Moreover, the absolute chronology of Upper Volga pottery must have some bearing on the interpretation of 14C dates for pottery from adjoining regions. In this paper, we discuss alternative interpretations of the Zamostje 2 evidence.
... Упсала, Швеция (Ua) и 7 в Лейбниц лаборатории университета г. Киль, Германия (KIA) (Lozovski et al. 2014b), с поправкой между ±30 и ±63 лет. Кильские образцы были также проанализированы с помощью изотопного и биомолекулярного методов в попытке выделить составляющую водного происхождения, которая, по всей видимости, оказалась не столь значительной в образцах нагара верхневолжской посуды по сравнению с 7 образцами нагара льяловской керамики. ...
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CONCLUSION Given the new AMS results from Zamostje 2, we cannot date the first Upper Volga pottery at this site to before c. 5700 cal BC. While we would not assume that Zamostje 2 was the first site with pottery in central Russia, it is difficult to accept that pottery was produced in this region for c. 300 years before it appeared at Zamostje 2, if the site was occupied in the first third of the 6th millennium, as dates for the Late and Final Mesolithic layers imply. However, the apparent lack of pottery dating to the late 6th and early 5th millennium, a period represented at Zamostje by vertical timbers, argues for caution in proposing the idea that Upper Volga pottery was not produced elsewhere until 5700 cal BC. Nevertheless, it is now essential to carefully investigate the early 6th millennium dates from sites with Upper Volga pottery, or pottery derived from it.
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