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The Application of Biomimicry in Kinetic Facades

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Abstract

Biomimicry, as a way of thinking to go back to nature for inspiration, has its impact on many contemporary technological achievements. Some of them are used to design and construct kinetic facades in architecture, because of the importance role of facades in reducing sun radiation, that enter the building through using shading systems and components. In light of this, research problem is determined: "Do technologies which are inspired by biomimicry effect shading in kinetic facades through its characteristics in materials and the mechanics. So the research identifies its goal as: "To identify the types of kinetic facades in buildings and their characteristics as materials and shading mechanism associated with the biomimicry. The research explains the basic types of kinetic facades depending on the technology and materials used to provide the possibility of reducing solar radiation that enters the building. It also compares the
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10




-

             
 









The Application of Biomimicry in Kinetic Facades
Wijdan Deyaa Abdul Jalil Lecturer
Department of Architectural Engineering - University of Technology E-mail:Wijdan_wijdann@yahoo.com
ABSTRACT
Biomimicry, as a way of thinking to go back to nature for inspiration, has its impact on many
contemporary technological achievements. Some of them are used to design and construct kinetic
facades in architecture, because of the importance role of facades in reducing sun radiation, that
enter the building through using shading systems and components. In light of this, research
problem is determined: "Do technologies which are inspired by biomimicry effect shading in
kinetic facades through its characteristics in materials and the mechanics. So the research
identifies its goal as: "To identify the types of kinetic facades in buildings and their
characteristics as materials and shading mechanism associated with the biomimicry. The research
explains the basic types of kinetic facades depending on the technology and materials used to
provide the possibility of reducing solar radiation that enters the building. It also compares the
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

case studies which have been chosen in their inspiration concept from biological world, which
reflect on the system used of protecting against sun and reducing energy consumption as the
designer teams suggest. The research concluded that kinetic façade which is depending on smart
materials is self-responding and don't need energy to operate, so it is better in reducing
consumption of energy.
Keywords: Kinetic Façade, Biomimicry, Smart Materials.
 
             

 
      



     







  

Biomimicry

Palmer,2009,p.28


Zari,2007,P.6
Alawad,2014,p141
 Bioneers
(Pourjafar et al.,2011,p.75
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10


Antonescu,2010,p.3
  



Ibid,p.53
Mazzoleni,2013,p.48
               

             
Mazzoleni,2013,p.48

(Ibid,p.53)
       FacadeAdaptable

Knaak et al.2008,P.109 



Erickson,2013,p.9
Ibid,p25

  


      

   
        
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

            
(Palmer,2009,p.99


 

 (Ibid,p.100)       



   
Ayre,2004,P.72) 


 Benyus,2004    

                
         Seoul      
http://www.yeadonspaceagency.com


 Immediacy 
TransiencySelf-actuationSelectivity 
           (Addington&
Schodek,2005,p.10)
 
       
   

Doris Sung
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

Thermo Bimetal    
(Dewidar et al.,2013,p.2&3)

Adaptive Buildings
Initiative (ABI)
Ibid,p.5)
 









Al Ahmar & Fioravanti,2014,p.352

Ibid,p.351




Ayre,2004,P.12&15)


    

:Kinetic Façade
     
           
Tzempelikos
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

Tzempelikos et al.,2007,p.1088
              
(Sharaidin & Salim,2012,p.624)   GhaffarianHoseini    

         (GhaffarianHoseini et
al.,2012,P.443)            
   Micheal Fox 
Michael,2009)



GhaffarianHoseini et al.,2012,p.443) Kolarevic BrankoParlac
VeraBuilding Dynamics Exploring Architecture of Change
























Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

Moloney


 
             
 (Moloney,2007,p.2)
            
 (Kolarevic
& Parlac,2015.p,71) 

        

         (Ibid,P.71)    

      


(Decker & Zarzycki ,2014,p.182)
  The Arab World Institute  
Nouvel Jean, 


(Zvironaite
et al.,2015,p.24)
wikispaces.com   
(Kolarevic & Parlac,2015,P.71)
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10


 



Zvironaite
et al.,2015,p.23

    
    

 

   

 


 Folding Façade   
 
    The London-Based Firm Aedas
   
                





             
(Zvironaite et al.,2015,p.5&7)          
       http://en.wikipedia.org  

 (Sharaidin & Salim,2012,p.619
 
     

Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10






(Zvironaite et
al,2015,p.5)

  
    



   
      




  Layered Façade    
 
Jean Nouvel




(Zvironaite et al.,2015,p.13





 (Zvironaite et
al,2015,p.14)


    



    
    



   

Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

:Turning Facades

 
The Q1 HeadquartersChaix & Morel
           
(http://www4.gira.com) DGNB 
  



              
            
(Zvironaite et al.,2015,p.18&19)
 

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

 Q1  (Zvironaite et
al.,2015,p.18)

    

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
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    


(Kolarevic & Parlac,2015,P.79
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

Council House Design Inc.
 

       

          (Ibid,P.79)     

         
(Drake,2007,p.8
wikispaces.com

          

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     
     

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  
    


(Decker& Zarzycki,2014,p.182)
    
Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

     Smart
Responsive Adaptive (Dewidar et al.,2013 p.2)




  

ETFE(Kolarevic & Parlac,2015,p.71)
Media TIC Cloud 9 Architects
   ETFE 

   
Ibid,p.78





 Media TIC (Kolarevic &
Parlac ,2015,p.71)





ETFE



     

Homeostatic

http://conservationmagazine.org

Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10

              SMA
EAPAyre,2004,p.15)
 LLC Decker Yeadon


 (Decker & Zarzycki ,2014,p.182)
   Elastomer


Actuators


    
http://conservationmagazine.org

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http://conservationmagazine.org
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     

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    
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     

Flare 



Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10
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 Flare Staab Architects


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
             

    
              


     
   


Journal of Engineering
Volume 22 October 2016
Number 10
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


       

o 

o 
o 

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Historically, the availability of new materials inspires designers and architects with new potential solutions. Recently, architectural applications have more concerns about sustainable requirements, which are combined with the development of nanotechnology. The availability of nanomaterials and nano-devices offer the possibility to produce smart textiles. However, smart textiles witness a commercial production and increasing application for the contemporary architectural façades. The availability of nanomaterials adds smartness to the textiles by the use of a coating, like self-healing, antimicrobial, anti-fouling, self-thermos regulating, etc. Other nanomaterials are used like conductive ink, thermos-chromic inks, conductive polymers, conductive threads, shape memory materials, piezoelectric materials, and ceramic materials to produce nano-devices that add smartness to the textiles. The paper aims to detect the inquiry about the multi-functional properties of smart textiles for the architectural façade. The methodology follows a descriptive method to study the use of smart textiles, relying on the data collected from previous theoretical literature. A chosen case study has been described briefly and analysed to indicate the multi-functional properties of smart textile used. As a conclusion, smart textiles are used according to the purpose that is proposed by the designer. They are used to fulfil aesthetic, structural and environmental functions. The most effective property is the potentiality that has been available to create interactive and creative shapes and patterns for the architectural façade with additional sustainable multi-functions. (PDF) Smart textiles for the architectural façade. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339749028_Smart_textiles_for_the_architectural_facade [accessed Apr 18 2020].
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Building Envelopes plays a key role in improving building energy efficiency and indoor comfort for the occupants. The future lies in the use of innovative strategies based on kinetic, responsive and adaptive solutions for optimizing energy performance while exploiting energy from renewable resources. Today, the construction industry represents the single largest contributor to carbon output, with higher energy demands and costs, along with the lack of design solutions that respond sufficiently to the changes in our environment, adaptive design is required to overcome this daunting perspective to our future and allow us to enter a new era of innovation. Adaptive buildings are becoming more feasible due to advancements in technology along with significant reductions in productions costs. Factors such as improved reliability of automated systems and more efficient versatile micro processing power, allow for greater distribution of embedded network. Adaptive systems use less energy, offer more occupant control in addition to improved overall space efficiency. The aim of this paper is to address the role of interpreting adaptation strategies in building skins systems that would serve to control temperature transmission into the building. The adaptive design approach analyses and evaluates if the application of a design system can result in the improvement of energy efficiency with the implementation of smart responsive materials that can respond efficiently different climatic demands. In other words, the future is moving towards “smart matter”, matter that has the ability to adapt, regulate and control. KEYWORDS: Smart Materials, Sustainability, Adaptive Skins, System integration
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This paper looks at two distinct approaches to kinetic façades and smart building assemblies reminiscent of designs for the Institut du Monde Arabe and for Hoberman's Simon Center. The first approach uses Arduino microcontroller-guided kinetic components with a distinct assemblage of elements, each performing a dedicated function such as sensor, actuator, or logical processing unit. The second approach incorporates custom-designed smart materials-shape memory alloys (SMAs)-that not only complement or replace the need for electrically operated sensors or actuators, but also eliminate a microcontroller, since in this arrangement the material itself performs computational functions. The paper will discuss case studies that use physical computing and smart-material models as vehicles to discuss the value of each approach to adaptive design in architecture. Building on these observations, the paper looks into conceptual aspects of an integrated hybrid system that combines both computation approaches and unique opportunities inherent to these hybrid designs.
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Visual inspiration is a relatively well-understood and effective approach to sharing and developing creativity. This research project is concerned with how designers can draw inspiration from nature and how nature can affect and help develop creativity and make conceptual design decisions. In particular, the premise of this research project developed from experience and understanding of teaching undergraduate interior design students. The researcher wanted to explore new and innovative approaches to develop and share creativity.
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Biomimicry, where flora, fauna or entire ecosystems are emulated as a basis for design, is a growing area of research in the fields of architecture and engineering. This is due to both the fact that it is an inspirational source of possible new innovation and because of the potential it offers as a way to create a more sustainable and even regenerative built environment. The widespread and practical application of biomimicry as a design method remains however largely unrealised. A growing body of international research identifies various obstacles to the employment of biomimicry as an architectural design method. One barrier of particular note is the lack of a clear definition of the various approaches to biomimicry that designers can initially employ. Through a comparative literature review, and an examination of existing biomimetic technologies, this paper elaborates on distinct approaches to biomimetic design that have evolved. A framework for understanding the various forms of biomimicry has been developed, and is used to discuss the distinct advantages and disadvantages inherent in each as a design methodology. It is shown that these varied approaches may lead to different outcomes in terms of overall sustainability or regenerative potential. It is posited that a biomimetic approach to architectural design that incorporates an understanding of ecosystems could become a vehicle for creating a built environment that goes beyond simply sustaining current conditions to a restorative practice where the built environment becomes a vital component in the integration with and regeneration of natural ecosystems.
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The intention of this project is to research the potential of emergent technologies for developing sustainable composites for the building industry. It is divided into three parts: Part 1 Identifies emergent practices which are being applied to the development of new sustainable building prototypes such as developments using nanotechnologies, the influence of biomimetics, the development of intelligent interactive systems and the use of digital technologies to generate complex cellular structural systems. Part 2 Outlines existing processes involved in selecting and manufacturing prototypes, as many existing processes have been opportunistically applied to emergent practices to generate innovative sustainable prototypes. Part 3 By synthesising the research gathered in the previous parts of this thesis, this section documents the design process for developing a sustainable building system. The design is based on a minimal surface structure to reduce materiality and to optimise strength and its manufacturing process exploits emergent and existing technologies for its generation.
Design with Nature in Bio Architecture Whit emphasis on the Hidden Rules of
  • M R Pourjafar
  • H Mahmoudinejad
  • Ahadian
 Pourjafar, M. R.; Mahmoudinejad, H.& Ahadian, 2011,"Design with Nature in Bio Architecture Whit emphasis on the Hidden Rules of", International Journal of Applied Science and Technology,(Vol. 1 No.4).
Interactive Architecture
  • F Michael
  • K Miles
 Michael, F.& Miles K., 2009, "Interactive Architecture", Princeton Architectural Press, New York USA.