Automated exercise progression in simulation-based training

ArticleinIEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics 24(6):863 - 874 · July 1994with4 Reads
DOI: 10.1109/21.293505 · Source: IEEE Xplore


    As simulator-based training systems become more complex, the
    amount of effort required to generate, monitor, and maintain training
    exercises multiplies greatly. This has significantly increased the
    burden on the instructors, potentially making the training experience
    less efficient as well as less effective. Research on intelligent
    tutoring systems (ITS) has largely addressed this issue by replacing the
    instructor with a computer model of the appropriate pedagogical concepts
    and the domain expertise. While this approach is highly desirable, the
    effort required to develop and maintain an ITS can be quite significant.
    A more modest as well as practical alternative to an ITS is the
    development of intelligent computer-based tools that can support the
    instructors in their tasks. The advantage of this approach is that
    various tools can be developed to address the different aspects of the
    instructor's duties. Moreover, without the burden of having to replace
    the instructor, these tools are more easily developed and fielded in
    existing trainers. One aspect of an instructor's task is to assess the
    students' performance after each training exercise and select the next
    exercise based on their previous performances. It would clearly be
    advantageous if this exercise selection process were to be automated,
    thus relieving the instructor of a significant burden and allowing him
    to concentrate on other tasks. Therefore, the focus of this paper is the
    development of a stand-alone system capable of determining exercise
    progression and remediation automatically during a training session in a
    simulator-based trainer, on the basis of the students's past
    performance. Instructional heuristics were developed to carry out the
    exercise progression process. A prototype was developed and applied to
    gunnery training on the Army M1 main battle tank