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Die Wildbienen und Wespen in Rheinland-Pfalz (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Verbreitung, Ökologie und Gefährdungssituation

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  • Ludwig Albert University of Freiburg
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... Reported hosts: Dryudella pinguis (Dahlbom) (Else, 1973;Schmid-Egger et al., 1995; and Dryudella stigma (Panzer) (Morgan, 1984) (Astatidae). Also reported is Harpactus tumidus (Panzer) (Bembicidae) (Lefeber, 1986;Banaszak, 1980). ...
... Reported hosts: Cerceris arenaria (Linnaeus) (Philanthidae) (Alfken, 1915;Lomholdt, 1975Lomholdt, -1976Schmid-Egger et al., 1995;Saure, 1998;Paukkunen et al., 2015). Also reported are Cerceris quadrifasciata (Panzer), Cerceris rybyensis (Linnaeus) (Aerts, 1950), and Cerceris ruficornis (Kunz, 1994) (Philanthinae). ...
... , Anthidium oblongatum Illiger (Megachilidae: Megachilinae) (O. Niehuis, personal observations), Megachile leachella Curtis (Megachilidae: Megachilinae)(Sörensson et al., 2012; A. Berg, personal observations).Schmid-Egger et al. (1995) speculated that Anthidium scapulare Latreille could serve as host, which appears unlikely to us due to different habitat preferences of Anthidium scapulare and Chrysis scutellaris (S. Tischendorf, personal observations). Comment: We repeatedly collected Chrysis scutellaris together with Anthidium oblongatum. The use of Halictus maculatu ...
... ^eit Erscheinen der Aculeaten-Fauna •3 von Rheinland-Pfalz (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995) konnten einige Arten neu für die Fauna dieses Bundeslandes nachgewiesen werden. Außerdem gelang es, verschiedene zweifelhafte Literaturangaben zu überprüfen. ...
... Soweit nicht anders vermerkt, wurden alle Tiere von den Autoren überprüft. Die Einstufung in die Rote Liste-Kategorien (RL) erfolgt nach den Angaben bei Schmid-Egger et al. (1995). Im vorliegenden Artikel wurden auch drei Arten aufgenommen, die von Colin et al. (1996) • Megachile pyrenaica (Perez, 1890) Nachweis: Moseltal, westl. ...
... Die Art ist in Deutschland bisher nur aus der Vorderen Pfalz und aus Karlsruhe nachgewiesen. In der Pfalz ist sie stellenweise häufig (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995), so daß eine Besiedlung der Lößgebiete des Rheingaus von Rheinland-Pfalz aus möglich erscheint. Die Weinlagen im Rheingau werden sehr intensiv bewirtschaftet und die für die Nistanlage notwendigen Lößwände, bzw. ...
... Flight period: June to August. Host: Cerceris arenaria (Linnaeus) (Crabronidae) (Alfken 1915, Lomholdt 1975, Petit 1975, Schmid-Egger et al. 1995, Saure 1998, possibly also C. quadrifasciata (Panzer) and C. rybyensis (Linnaeus) (Alfken 1915, Lomholdt 1975. Linsenmaier, 1959 Figs 53, 58, 60, 63, 65 Hedychrum aureicolle ssp. ...
... Flight period: from early June to late August. Host: primarily Dryudella pinguis (Dahlbom) (Else 1973, Schmid-Egger et al. 1995), but possibly also D. stigma (Panzer), Harpactus lunatus (Dahlbom) and H. tumidus (Panzer) (Crabronidae) (Trautmann and Trautmann 1919, Lefeber 1976, Jacobs and Kornmilch 2007. ...
... Host: probably Megachile leachella Curtis (Megachilidae) (Sörensson et al. 2012). In central Europe, also Pseudanthidium lituratum (Panzer) (Megachilidae) (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995). ...
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The Chrysididae are a group of cleptoparasitic and parasitoid aculeate wasps with a large number of rare and endangered species. The taxonomy of this group has long been confusing due to the similarity of species and extensive intraspecific variation. We present for the first time a comprehensive dichotomous key for all 74 species found in the Nordic and Baltic countries. In addition to diagnostic characters, information on the distribution and biology of each species is also presented. A new species, Chrysis borealis Paukkunen, Ødegaard & Soon, sp. n. is described on the basis of specimens collected from Fennoscandia. Chrysis gracillima Förster, 1853 is recorded as new to the Nordic and Baltic countries.
... L i t e r a t u r : Hypergäisch nistende Faltenwespen der Gattung Gymnomerus (Kunz 1994;Schmid-Egger et al. 1995). Als ungesichert werden die Angaben zu den Faltenwespengattungen Discoelius, Euodynerus und Symmorphus angesehen (Kunz 1994 ...
... L i t e r a t u r : Hypergäisch und endogäisch nistende Faltenwespen der Gattung Symmorphus (Kunz 1994;Schmid-Egger et al. 1995), Symmorphus und Odynerus (Linsenmaier 1997 L i t e r a t u r : Hypergäisch und endogäisch nistende Faltenwespen der Gattung Ancistrocerus (Kunz 1994;Witt 1998), Symmorphus (Kunz 1994) und Odynerus (Linsenmaier 1997). Nach Witt (1998) ...
... L i t e r a t u r : Hypergäisch nistende Faltenwespen der Gattung Eumenes (Kunz 1994;Schmid-Egger et al. 1995;Saure et al. 1998) und ebenso nistende Mauerbienen der Gattung Osmia (Linsenmaier 1997). ...
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Zusammenfassung. In 15 Erfassungsjahren (1992–2006) wurden während 136 Exkursionen an einer Fachwerkscheune im Nordosten Sachsens fast 900 Goldwespen in 40 Arten nachgewiesen. Die Populationsdynamik variierte deutlich von Jahr zu Jahr, mit Nachweisen von lediglich 6–27 Arten pro Jahr. Über den gesamten Zeitraum wurden 31 Goldwespenarten an hypergäisch nistenden Wirtsarten sowie neun an in der Umgebung endogäisch nistenden Arten nachgewiesen. Durch Zuchtversuche wurden Parasitoid-Wirt-Beziehungen für Euodynerus notatus-Chrysis graelsii, Symmorphus murarius-Chrysis iris und Euodynerus notatus-Chrysis pseudobrevitarsis festgestellt. Die Ergebnisse an der Scheune werden mit Literaturangaben sowie eigenen Beobachtungen an anderen Lokalitäten in östlichen Teilen Deutschlands verglichen. Abstract. Dynamics and parasitoid-host-relations of cuckoo wasp populations (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) of a half-timbered barn in the Oberlausitz (Germany, Saxony). – During 15 years (1992–2006) and 136 field trips, 900 cuckoo wasps in 40 species were recorded on a half-timbered barn in northeastern Saxony. Population dynamics varied greatly from year to year, with records of 6–27 species per year only. During the entire period were recorded 31 cuckoo wasps on hypergeic breeding host species and nine in the vicinity of the barn on endogeic host species. Breeding experiments supported parasitoid-host relations for Euodynerus notatus-Chrysis graelsii, Symmorphus murarius-Chrysis iris and Euodynerus notatus-Chrysis pseudobrevitarsis. The results obtained at the barn are compared with data obtained from publications and those from own observations done at different localities in eastern Germany. Sächsische Entomologische Zeitschrift 2 (2007)
... L' espèce est nouvelle pour la faune du Luxembourg. Parasitoïde du crabronide Miscophus bicolor Jurine, 1807 (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995), cette minuscule guêpe dorée est inconnue de Belgique (Pauly 1999 ;IRSNB 2010), de Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie (Esser et al. 2010) et des Pays-Bas (Peeters et al. 2004). Elle est rare en Allemagne en général et en Rhénanie-Palatinat en particulier où elle se trouve sur les listes rouges des espèces menacées (Schmid-Egger 2010, Schmid-Egger et al. 1995. ...
... Parasitoïde du crabronide Miscophus bicolor Jurine, 1807 (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995), cette minuscule guêpe dorée est inconnue de Belgique (Pauly 1999 ;IRSNB 2010), de Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie (Esser et al. 2010) et des Pays-Bas (Peeters et al. 2004). Elle est rare en Allemagne en général et en Rhénanie-Palatinat en particulier où elle se trouve sur les listes rouges des espèces menacées (Schmid-Egger 2010, Schmid-Egger et al. 1995. (Smit & Megens 2001). ...
... Peu commun en Belgique (Leclercq 1985), (Esser et al. 2010). En Rhénanie-Palatinat, elle se trouve sur la liste rouge des espèces menacées (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995 ;Cölln et al. 2000). ...
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Chrysis cortii Linsenmaier, 1951 and Chrysis inaequalis Dahlbom, 1845 are reported for the first time from Luxembourg. Additional data are given for Chrysis solida Haupt, 1956, Holopyga ignicollis Dahlbom, 1854, Allodynerus delphinalis (Giraud, 1866), Ancistrocerus nigricornis (Curtis, 1826), Euodynerus quadrifasciatus (F., 1793), Microdynerus nugdunensis (Saussure, 1856), M. timidus (Saussure, 1856), Agenioideus apicalis (Vander Linden, 1837), Ammophila pubescens Curtis, 1836, Miscophus bicolor Jurine, 1807, Nitela fallax Kohl, 1883, Oxybelus mucronatus F., 1793 and O. trispinosus (F., 1787).
... In our studies, we assumed that the selected microhabitat types are preferred by different species because they offer different nesting conditions for Spheciformes. The ecological classification of the species was based on the works of Jacobs and Oehlke [39], Schmid-Egger et al. [40] and Blösch [23] (Fig 2). ...
... The list of Spheciformes species in the areas influenced by the soda ash industry. The ecological classification of the species was based on the works of Jacobs and Oehlke[39], Schmid-Egger et al.[40] and Blösch[23]: 1-18 (eurytopic open areas species), 19-47 (stenotopic open areas species), 48-64 (stenotopic forest species). Threat categories according to Fauna of Poland[46]: EX?-probably extinct; VU-vulnerable, NT-nearly threatened; DDdeficient data; vrm-very rare, rm-rare.Nesting preferences: en-endogeic species (nesting in the ground), (en)-cleptoparasite endogeic species, hy-hypergeic species (nesting above ground). ...
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Background Published sources document a loss of biodiversity at an extreme rate, mainly because natural and semi-natural ecosystems are becoming fragmented and isolated, thus losing their biological functions. These changes significantly influence biological diversity, which is a complex phenomenon that changes over time. Contemporary ecologists must therefore draw attention to anthropogenic replacement habitats and increase their conservation status. In our studies we show the positive role of soda ash dumping grounds as an alternative habitat for digger wasps, especially the thermophilic species. Methodology/Principal findings In the years 2007–2010 we carried out investigations in postindustrial soda ash dumping grounds located in Central Poland. We demonstrated that these areas serve as replacement habitats for thermophilic species of Spheciformes and, indirectly, for their potential prey. The studies were conducted in three microhabitat types, varying in soil moisture, salinity and alkalinity, that were changing in the course of ecological succession. We trapped 2571 specimens belonging to 64 species of digger wasps. Species typical of open sunny spaces comprised 73% of the whole inventory. The obtained results suggest that the stage of succession determines the richness, abundance and diversity of Spheciformes. The most favorable conditions for digger wasps were observed in habitats at late successional stages. Conclusions/Significance Our results clearly showed that these habitats were replacement habitats for thermophilous Spheciformes, including rare taxa that require genetic, species and ecosystem protection, according to the Biodiversity Convention. We showed that some types of industry might play a positive role in the preservation of taxa in the landscape, and that even degraded industrial wasteland can replace habitats under anthropopressure, serving as refugia of biological diversity, especially for disturbance-dependent species.
... Die Nomenklatur der Hautflügler richtet sich nach Pauly (1999), mit Ausnahme derjenigen der Apidae und der Arten, die auf Paulys Liste fehlen. Hier folgen wir Schmid-Egger et al. (1995), respektiv Bitsch & Leclercq (1993). Die Nomenklatur der Pflanzen richtet sich nach Lambinon et al. (1993). ...
... Halictus langobardicus und Lasioglossum puncticolle, die Maskenbiene Hylaeus punctatus und die drei Mauerbienen Hoplitis acuticornis, eine Charakterart aufgelassener Weinberge mit Gehölzsukzession(Schmid-Egger et al. 1995), Metallinella brevicornis und Osmia gallarum sowohl in Belgien(Pauly 1999) als auch in den Niederlanden(Peeters et al. 1999) unbekannt. In Belgien fehlen des weiteren die Maskenbiene Hylaeus gredleri und die Furchenbiene Lasioglossum intermedium(Pauly 1999), eine Charakterart für Sand-und Kiesgebiete. ...
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217 species of aculeate Hymenoptera (Insecta) were recorded from 1997 to 2004 in the “Baggerweieren” nature reserve in “Haff Réimech”, Luxembourg. Three species are new to the fauna of Luxembourg: Evagetes gibbulus (Lepeletier, 1845), Ectemnius confinis (Walker, 1871), and Oxybelus mucronatus (Fabricius, 1793). The results of investigations into the floral ecology, predation on other insects, nesting preferences and aggregations are presented. The importance of the preservation of diverse microhabitats for the conservation of the aculeate diversity in the area is stressed.
... Wie schon SCHMIDT (1970SCHMIDT ( , 1987 Worms (von 1893Worms (von -1910 durch HABERMEHL (s. SCHMID-EGGER, RISCH & NIEHUIS 1995). ...
... Neben den Altfunden von Argogorytes fargeii von Mainz durch KIRSCHBAUM (1853) und JAENNICKE (1867), von Worms (HABERMEHL), der Vorderpfalz (ZIRNGIEBL 1953) und dem Nahetal (1967, REBMANN) lag nach SCHMID-EGGER, RISCH & NIEHUIS (1995) nur ein aktueller Nachweis vom Mittelrhein vor (siehe SORG & WOLF 1991). Seither hat sich die Bestandssituation von A. fargeii deutlich verändert. ...
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Die Autoren beschreiben den Wiederfund der Grabwespe (Hym.: Crabronidae) Nys-son interruptus (FABRICIUS, 1798) in Rheinland-Pfalz. Bisher gab es nur wenige, inzwi-schen historische Nachweise. Als Wirtswespe wird die Grabwespe (Hym.: Crabronidae) Argogorytes fargeii (SHUCKARD, 1837) vermutet. Neufunde, Altnachweise und Phänolo-gie werden auf Karten dargestellt. Auf die Bestandssituation in Süddeutschland wird näher eingegangen. Abstract Comments on a new record of Nysson interruptus (F.) and on the distribution of its host wasp Argogorytes fargeii (SHUCK.) in Rhineland-Palatinate (Hymenoptera: Aculeata: Crabronidae) The authors describe a new record of Nysson interruptus in Rhineland-Palatinate. There were only few rather old findings known. Argogorytes fargeii is supposed the be the host of this Nysson species. Recent and ancient findings are described, the pheno-logy is shown on maps. The situation of the population in Southern Germany is dis-cussed.
... SCHEUCHL (1995) gibt einen reich bebilderten Schlüssel zu den mitteleuropäischen Bienengattungen. WESTRICH (1990) publizierte ein Verzeichnis der Bienen Deutschlands, WARNCKE (1992), DOCZKAL & SCHMID-EGGER (1992), NIEHUIS & FLUCK (1994) und RISCH (1995) liefern Ergänzungen hierzu. Für alle Aculeaten, zu denen keine aktuelle Bestimmungsliteratur in Tab. 1 angegeben ist, muß das teilweise veraltete Werk von SCHMIEDEKNECHT (1930) herangezogen werden. ...
... Es werden vorwiegend Insektenfraßgänge besiedelt(LOMHOLDT (1976, SCHMIDT 1980. NachSCHMID-EGGER et al. (1995) soll die Art auch in Pflanzenstengeln nisten. Die Biologie der Art erscheint nicht ausreichend bekannt zu sein. ...
... Je suppose que des sites propices à la nidification se trouvent près de l'endroit en question sans que je ne puisse le dire avec certitude car je n'ai pu trouver aucun nid de C. hederae jusqu'à présent. A noter néanmoins que ce Collétide n'hésite pas à voler assez loin pour arriver aux lieux où pousse le lierre, ceux-ci pouvant être distants de 400 m de la bourgade (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995). ...
... Considérée comme extrêmement rare au Bade-Wurtemberg (Westrich et al. 2000), l'abeille peut néanmoins être abondante par endroits, notamment en Rhénanie-Palatinat (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995). Comme l'espèce ne vient d'être décrite que récemment, les données sur sa distribution géographique doivent être considérées comme très lacunaires. ...
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Colletes hederae Schmidt & Westrich, 1993 is recorded for the first time in Luxembourg; it was found on Hedera helix L. and Reseda lutea L.
... Pour chaque espèce, nous précisons les lieux de nidification, les proies et les biotopes préférés. Les publications suivantes nous ont aidés à compléter nos propres observations : Bitsch & Leclercq (1993); Blösch (2000); Haeseler (1972); Schmid-Egger et al. (1995); Schmidt (1980Schmidt ( , 1984 et Schmidt & Schmid-Egger (1991). ...
... Cette espèce rare est nouvelle pour le Luxembourg. En Rhénanie-Palatinat, elle se trouve sur la liste rouge des espèces menacées (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995). ...
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malaise traps set at 11 appropriate sites in the « Gutland » (G.D. of Luxembourg) yielded 21 species of Crabronidae, 28 species of Sphecidae and 8 species of Eumenidae. Crossocerus congener, C. heydeni, Didineis lunicornis, Spilomena beata and Allodynerus rossii are new for the fauna of Luxembourg, and confirm the interest of using malaise traps. The absence in these traps of species, for which the parasitoid were caught indicates however the necessity of using other complementary trapping devices alongside the main trapping method to complete inventories.
... Cet Euménide est peu commun en Belgique (Leclercq 1985). En Rhénanie-Palatinat, il se trouve sur la liste rouge des espèces menacées (Schmid-Egger et al. 1995, Cölln et al. 2000. L'espèce thermophile nidifie dans des tiges de divers végétaux. ...
... -Microdynerus exilis, Odynerus melanocephalus Tanacetum vulgare L. -Ancistrocerus gazella, A. parietum, Eumenes coronatus Senecio jacobeae L. -Eumenes coronatus Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. -Allodynerus delphinalis, Ancistrocerus gazella Hieracium pilosella L. -Microdynerus nugdunensis 4. Discussion Avec Allodynerus delphinalis et Discoelius zonalis, le nombre d'espèces d'Euménides signalées du Luxembourg passe à 32, alors que la Belgique compte 41 espèces(Pauly 1999), les Pays-Bas 42 (Archer 2000), la Rhénanie-Palatinat 48(Schmid-Egger et al. 1995, Cölln et al. 2000 et la Westphalie 24(Kuhlmann 1999). La liste des fleurs visitées par les Euménides du Luxembourg donne quelques indications sur leur écologie florale complémentaires à celles publiées par Schmidt & Schmid-Egger pour leBade-Wurtemberg (1991). ...
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Zusammenfassung: Allodynerus delphinalis (Giraud) und Discoelius zonalis (Panzer) sind neu für Luxemburg. Für 23 Pillen-und Lehmwespenarten werden blütenökologische Daten veröffentlicht. Abstract: Allodynerus delphinalis (Giraud) and Discoelius zonalis (Panzer) are new for Luxembourg. Data on floral ecology are given for 23 species of potter and mason wasps.
... After an absence of approximately thirty years, Sphex funerarius was found again in southern Germany (Schmid-Egger, et al., 1995, Schmid-Egger, 1996. Since then, it has spread quickly along the Rhine valley, with records from Alsace (Treiber, 2010), Baden-Wuerttemberg (Weiser, 2020), Rhineland-Palatine (Burger, 2011), Hassia (Tischendorf, et al., 2011) andNorth Rhine-Westphalia (Freundt, 2002). ...
Article
The Golden Digger Wasp Sphex funerarius (Gussakovskij 1934) is the biggest native European sphecid wasp. While it is a species with mainly the Mediterranean distribution, it can be found sporadically in central Europe during warm and dry phases of climate. The exact reasons for its appearance and disappearance are not well understood, but are probably connected to the abundance of the prey of Sphex funerarius. The recent climate change, often referred to as global warming, has led to a sustainable spread of S. funerarius over central Europe, which makes it very likely to appear sooner or later also in northern Europe and Great Britain. This paper describes the breeding behaviour and general biology as well as the current range expansion of Sphex funerarius.
... 2016 wurde der Fundort noch durch eine kleine Kolonie der Heuschrecken-Sandwespe (Sphex funerarius) bereichert. Diese Art galt bis vor wenigen Jahren bei uns als sehr selten und trat nur vorübergehend auf, wenn mehrere warme Jahre aufeinander folgen (Blösch & Kraus 2009 Sphex funerarius wird seit den 1990er Jahren wieder häufiger in Süddeutschland gemeldet (Schmid- Egger 1996, Schmid-Egger et al. 1995. Inzwischen sind auch Nordrhein-Westfalen (Freundt 2002), Bayern (Blösch & Kraus 2009 & Westrich 1987). ...
Article
Since summer 2015, a number of interesting digger-wasps were documented on the border of a sun-exposed deforestation in Schwetzinger Hardt, Baden-Württemberg. The burrows of the digger-wasps were located on or near a trail with slightly condensed open sand soil. Apparently, the habitat was only generated by felling of the pine trees on the area. Next to the digger-wasps, various parasitoids, prey species and other hymenoptera were observed. The findings underline that even small open sand areas in the range of the former inland dunes at upper Rhine valley suffice to be rapidly populated by a diverse fauna.
... WESTRICH (2018) nimmt an, dass diese Art "in Deutschland in naher Zukunft eine der häufigsten Bienenarten der Ebene und des Hügellandes […] sein wird, wenn sie es nicht schon bereits heute ist". In Deutschland war die Art zunächst nur aus den südwestlichen Bundesländern Baden-Württemberg (Erstfund 1991) und Rheinland-Pfalz (Erstfund 1994) bekannt (SCHMIDT & WESTRICH 1993, WINDSCHNURER 1997, SCHMID-EGGER et al. 1995 ...
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First records of three highly expanding species of Hymenoptera Aculeata in Berlin and Bran-denburg The bee species Colletes hederae SCHMIDT & WESTRICH, 1993 is recorded for the first time from Brandenburg and Berlin. The wasps Pison atrum (SPINOLA, 1808) and Isodontia mexicana (SAUS-SURE, 1867) are new to Berlin, but so far not known from Brandenburg.
... , Italy [Mochi, Luchetti, 1994;Pagliano, 1994;Negrisolo, 1995;Pagliano, Scaramozzino, 1999;Pagliano, Negrisolo, 2005;Pagliano, 2009;Strumia et al., 2012], Switserland [Neumeyer, 2000], Germany [Schmid-Egger, 1994Schmid-Egger et al., 1995;Schmidt et al., 1995;Schmid-Egger et al., 1996;Schmid, Schmid-Egger, 1997;Mader, Chalwatzis, 2000;Schmid-Egger, 2000;Ohl et al., 2001;Mandery et al., 2003;Jacobs, 2007;Frommer, 2009a, b;Schmid-Egger, 2010;Tischendorf et al., 2011;Frommer, 2014], and Austria [Gusenleitner, 1995;Zettel et al., 2013;Zettel et al., 2014], and also was expanded to Spain [Tormos et al., 1996;Tormos et al., 2005], Andorra [González et al., 2000], Slovakia [Deván, 2004;Vepřek, Straka, 2007], Czech Republic [Vepřek, Straka, 2007;Dvořák et al., 2008], Hungary [Frommer, 2009b], Slovenia [Gogala, 2011], Greece [Standfuss, Standfuss, 2006, 2012, and Bulgaria [Ljubomirov, 1999;Guéorguiev, Ljubomirov, 2009]. ...
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New data on distribution of four species of digger wasps of the genus Trypoxylon (Crabronidae: Trypoxylini) in European Russia are provided. Trypoxylon beaumonti Antropov, 1991 is recordered for the first time for Russia, Trypoxylon koreanum Tsuneki, 1956 is recordered for the first time for European Russia, an areal of Trypoxylon rubiginosum Gussakovskij, 1936 is specified, and previously unknown female of Trypoxylon inopinatum Antropov, 1986 is described.
... In der aktuellen Roten Liste der gefährde- ten Bienen Deutschlands ist sie mit RL 2 als stark gefährdet eingestuft (WESTRICH et al. 1998). In Baden-Württemberg wird A. potentillae mit RL 1 als "vom Ausster- ben bedroht" geführt (WESTRICH et al. 2000), während sie in Brandenburg (DATHE & SAURE 2000) und Rheinland- Pfalz, wo neuere Funde vorliegen, mit RL 2 nur als "stark gefährdet" angesehen wird (SCHMID-EGGER et al. 1995). In Thürin- gen wiederum ist sie mit RL 1 als "vom Aussterben" eingestuft (BURGER & WINTER 2001), ebenso wie in Sachsen-Anhalt (DORN 1993). ...
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Durch Hessen verläuft die nordwestliche Verbreitungsgrenze von Andrena potentillae PANZER, 1809. Veröffentlichte Fundorte wurden überprüft und sind bis auf einen Standort erloschen. Dafür konnten zwei neue Fundorte in Nordhessen nachgewiesen werden, die sich gut in die von Südwest nach Nordost erstreckende Nordgrenze der Verbreitung dieser Sandbiene in Deutschland einpassen und die zugleich die nördlichsten bekannten Fundorte dieser Bienenart in Westdeutschland darstellen. Alle bekannten Funde der Roten Fingerkraut-Sandbiene in Deutschland werden aufgeführt und in einer Karte dargestellt. Für die Unterscheidung der Weibchen von A. potentillae und A. labiata wird ein gutes Merkmal gegeben. Abstract: The northwestern distribution border of Andrena potentillae PANZER, 1809 is crossing Hesse / Germany. Occurences which have been reported in literature have been controlled but this bee species is extinct with the exception of one site. Two new sites have been discovered in northern Hesse, which occurrence fit well to the northern border line of this bee species, crossing Germany from southwest to northeast. It is the most northern location currently known in Western Germany. All findings of A. potentillae in Germany are listed and recorded in a map. To distinguish the females of A. potentillae and A. labiata a clear distinctive character is presented.
... Auch in Teilen des Maghreb kommt sie vor (Ebmer 1988). In Deutschland ist sie bisher nur in Rheinland-Pfalz ( Schmid-Egger et al. 1995) und Baden-Württemberg (Westrich 2018; www. wildbienen-kataster.de) nachgewiesen. ...
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Die Wiederfunde von Lasioglossum subhirtum in Rheinland-Pfalz werden diskutiert. Ein Feldbestimmungsmerkmal zur Unterscheidung der häufigen Lasioglossum malachurum von den selteneren Arten L. subhirtum und L. lineare wird beschrieben. Summary Rediscovery of Lasioglossum subhirtum in Rhineland-Palatinate after 67 years with hints for determination (Hymenoptera: Anthophila). The rediscovery of Lasioglossum subhirtum in Rhineland-Palatinate is discussed. A characteristic trait for field determination of the common species Lasioglossum malachurum and the rare species L. subhirtum und L. lineare are described.
... (including B. terrestris Linnaeus 1758 and B. lucorum Linnaeus 1761) and B. lapidarius Linnaeus 1758 and 3) halictid bees (several species which could not be distinguished from the video data). Bee identification followed Schmid-Egger et al. 58 and Amiet 59 . ...
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Intensive agricultural landscapes can be hostile for bees due to a lack of floral and nesting resources, and due to management-related stress such as pesticide use and soil tillage. This threatens the pollination services that bees deliver to insect-pollinated crops. We studied the effects of farming intensity (organic vs. conventional, number of insecticide applications) and availability of semi-natural habitats at the field and landscape scale on pollinator visits and pollen delivery to pumpkin in Germany. We found that wild bumble bees were the key pollinators of pumpkin in terms of pollen delivery, despite fivefold higher visitation frequency of honey bees. Critically, we observed that the area of cropland had stronger effects on bees' pollen deposition than the area of seminatural habitats. Specifically, a 10% increase of the proportion of cropland reduced pollen delivery by 7%. Pumpkin provides a striking example for a key role of wild pollinators in crop pollination even at high numerical dominance of honey bees. In addition, our findings suggest that habitat conversion to agricultural land is a driver of deteriorating pollination. This underlines the importance to maintain sufficient areas of non-crop habitats in agricultural landscapes.
... , Italy [Mochi, Luchetti, 1994;Pagliano, 1994;Negrisolo, 1995;Pagliano, Scaramozzino, 1999;Pagliano, Negrisolo, 2005;Pagliano, 2009;Strumia et al., 2012], Switserland [Neumeyer, 2000], Germany [Schmid-Egger, 1994Schmid-Egger et al., 1995;Schmidt et al., 1995;Schmid-Egger et al., 1996;Schmid, Schmid-Egger, 1997;Mader, Chalwatzis, 2000;Schmid-Egger, 2000;Ohl et al., 2001;Mandery et al., 2003;Jacobs, 2007;Frommer, 2009a, b;Schmid-Egger, 2010;Tischendorf et al., 2011;Frommer, 2014], and Austria [Gusenleitner, 1995;Zettel et al., 2013;Zettel et al., 2014], and also was expanded to Spain [Tormos et al., 1996;Tormos et al., 2005], Andorra [González et al., 2000], Slovakia [Deván, 2004;Vepřek, Straka, 2007], Czech Republic [Vepřek, Straka, 2007;Dvořák et al., 2008], Hungary [Frommer, 2009b], Slovenia [Gogala, 2011], Greece [Standfuss, Standfuss, 2006, 2012, and Bulgaria [Ljubomirov, 1999;Guéorguiev, Ljubomirov, 2009]. ...
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New data on distribution of four species of digger wasps of the genus Trypoxylon (Crabronidae: Trypoxylini) in European Russia are provided. Trypoxylon beaumonti Antropov, 1991 is recordered for the first time for Russia, T. koreanum Tsuneki, 1956 is recordered for the first time for European Russia, an areal of T. rubiginosum Gussakovskij, 1936 is specified, and previously unknown female of T. inopinatum Antropov, 1986 is described.
... , Italy [Mochi, Luchetti, 1994;Pagliano, 1994;Negrisolo, 1995;Pagliano, Scaramozzino, 1999;Pagliano, Negrisolo, 2005;Pagliano, 2009;Strumia et al., 2012], Switserland [Neumeyer, 2000], Germany [Schmid-Egger, 1994Schmid-Egger et al., 1995;Schmidt et al., 1995;Schmid-Egger et al., 1996;Schmid, Schmid-Egger, 1997;Mader, Chalwatzis, 2000;Schmid-Egger, 2000;Ohl et al., 2001;Mandery et al., 2003;Jacobs, 2007;Frommer, 2009a, b;Schmid-Egger, 2010;Tischendorf et al., 2011;Frommer, 2014], and Austria [Gusenleitner, 1995;Zettel et al., 2013;Zettel et al., 2014], and also was expanded to Spain [Tormos et al., 1996;Tormos et al., 2005], Andorra [González et al., 2000], Slovakia [Deván, 2004;Vepřek, Straka, 2007], Czech Republic [Vepřek, Straka, 2007;Dvořák et al., 2008], Hungary [Frommer, 2009b], Slovenia [Gogala, 2011], Greece [Standfuss, Standfuss, 2006, 2012, and Bulgaria [Ljubomirov, 1999;Guéorguiev, Ljubomirov, 2009]. ...
Article
Full-text available
New data on distribution of four species of digger wasps of the genus Trypoxylon (Crabronidae: Trypoxylini) in European Russia are provided. Trypoxylon beaumonti Antropov, 1991 is recordered for the first time for Russia, T. koreanum Tsuneki, 1956 is recordered for the first time for European Russia, an areal of T. rubiginosum Gussakovskij, 1936 is specified, and previously unknown female of T. inopinatum Antropov, 1986 is described.
... Der Artenbestand an Hautflüglern in Rheinland-Pfalz ist bislang noch nie umfassend untersucht worden. Lediglich die Rote Liste aus dem Jahr 1995 gibt erstmals landesweit Vorkommen und Häufigkeit der Wildbienen, Grabwespen, Faltenwespen, Wegwespen, Goldwespen und einiger kleiner Familien an (schMiD-eggeR et al. 1995). Die Ameisen und Knopfhornwespen sind darin nicht aufgeführt. ...
... Bei der Bewertung der Funde stützen sich die Autoren auf SCHMID-EGGER (2010), SCHMID-EGGER et al. (1995), SCHMIDT & WESTRICH (1982) so-wie WESTRICH et al. (2007. In der "South Area" gelang ein Nachweis der seltenen Schmalbiene Lasioglossum blüthgeni (Rote Liste RLP: 2, BRD: 2). ...
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Results of the 14th „GEO day of biodiversity“ in the transboundary biosphere reserve Palatinate Forest - Northern Vosges As part of the GEO Biodiversity Day, on 16 June 2012 an assessment of the flora and fauna in the cross-border Palatinate Forest-North Vosges Biosphere Reserve was undertaken. The Rhineland-Palatinate Nature and Environment Foundation directed the event, together with GEO magazine and the two sponsoring associations of the cross-border UNESCO Palatinate Forest-North Vosges Biosphere Reserve and numerous other partners. Enjoying suitable weather for catching, the nearly 100 experts invited from Germany and France ranged, according to their individual specialties, through the selected survey areas around Fischbach/Dahn (D), Eppenbrunn (D), Hirschthal (D & F) and Wingen (F). In total, they succeeded in finding evidence of 2081 species from 147 orders and 470 families. The survey revealed many vulnerable or severely endangered species, some of which are extremely rare in Germany or are subject to protection under Annexes II and IV of the European Habitats Directive. The assessment provided the first recordings of some species in the area under investigation. A total of ten new species of cicada for the state of Rhineland-Palatinate; however, in view of the low level of research so far undertaken on this group here, this was not entirely unexpected. Particularly noteworthy was the first recording in Rhineland-Palatinate of the very rare European hoverfly Myolepta potens (RL D: 2). For the first time, clear evidence was found for the carabid beetle Amara infima in Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, the existence of the pygmy locust (tetrix bipunctata) was clearly proven for the first time in the Palatinate Forest. In the French section of the biosphere reserve, the soprano pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pygmaeus) had not previously been documented. However, this was achieved several times on the GEO biodiversity day.
... Dementsprechend heterogen sind auch die Informationen zur Verbreitung, Häufi gkeit und Bestandssituation. Bisher liegen nur für wenige Bundesländer Rote Listen vor, so für Baden-Württemberg (WESTRICH 1989), Bayern (WARNCKE 1992), Berlin (SAURE 1997), Brandenburg ( DATHE & DONATH 1992, DATHE et al. 1995), RheinlandPfalz (SCHMID EGGER et al. 1995), Sachsen-Anhalt ( DORN & BLEYL 1993) und Thüringen ( BREINL & KÖRNER 1994, WINTER 1994). Die Einstufungen der einzelnen Arten in diesen Landeslisten konnten bei der Bearbeitung der Bundesliste nur als Orientierungswerte dienen. ...
... Bei der Bewertung der Funde stützen sich die Autoren auf SCHMID-EGGER (2010), SCHMID-EGGER et al. (1995), SCHMIDT & WESTRICH (1982) so-wie WESTRICH et al. (2007. In der "South Area" gelang ein Nachweis der seltenen Schmalbiene Lasioglossum bluethgeni (Rote Liste RLP: 2, BRD: 2). ...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the GEO Biodiversity Day, on 16 June 2012 an assessment of the flora and fauna in the cross-border Palatinate Forest-Northern Vosges Biosphere Reserve was 31 conducted. The Rhineland-Palatinate Nature and Environment Foundation directed the event, together with GEO magazine and the two sponsoring associations of the cross-border UNESCO Palatinate Forest-Northern Vosges Biosphere Reserve and numerous other partners. Enjoying suitable weather for field work, the nearly 100 experts invited from Germany and France ranged, according to their individual specialities, through the selected survey areas around Fischbach/Dahn (D), Eppenbrunn (D), Hirschthal (D & F) and Wingen (F). In total, they succeeded in finding evidence of 2081 species from 147 orders and 470 families. The survey revealed many vulnerable or severely endangered species, some of which are extremely rare in Germany or are subject to protection under Annexes II and IV of the European Habitats Directive. The assessment provided the first recordings of some species in the area under investigation. In total of ten new species of cicada were recorded for the state of Rhineland-Palatinate; however, in view of the low level of research so far undertaken on this group here, this was not entirely unexpected. Particularly noteworthy was the first recording in Rhineland-Palatinate of the very rare European hoverfly Myolepta potens (RL D: 2). For the first time, clear evidence was found for the carabid beetle Amara infima in Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, the existence of the pygmy locust (Tetrix bipunctata) was clearly proven for the first time in the Palatinate Forest. In the French section of the biosphere reserve, the soprano pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pygmaeus) had not previously been documented. However, this was achieved several times on the GEO biodiversity day.
... Bei der Bewertung der Funde stützen sich die Autoren auf SCHMID-EGGER (2010), SCHMID-EGGER et al. (1995), SCHMIDT & WESTRICH (1982) so-wie WESTRICH et al. (2007. In der "South Area" gelang ein Nachweis der seltenen Schmalbiene Lasioglossum bluethgeni (Rote Liste RLP: 2, BRD: 2). ...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the GEO Biodiversity Day, on 16 June 2012 an assessment of the flora and fauna in the cross-border Palatinate Forest-Northern Vosges Biosphere Reserve was conducted. The Rhineland-Palatinate Nature and Environment Foundation directed the event, together with GEO magazine and the two sponsoring associations of the cross-border UNESCO Palatinate Forest-Northern Vosges Biosphere Reserve and numerous other partners. Enjoying suitable weather for field work, the nearly 100 experts invited from Germany and France ranged, according to their individual specialities, through the selected survey areas around Fischbach/Dahn (D), Eppenbrunn (D), Hirschthal (D & F) and Wingen (F). In total, they succeeded in finding evidence of 2081 species from 147 orders and 470 families. The survey revealed many vulnerable or severely endangered species, some of which are extremely rare in Germany or are subject to protection under Annexes II and IV of the European Habitats Directive. The assessment provided the first recordings of some species in the area under investigation. Rare and/or Red Data Book spider species: Aphileta misera, Dolomedes fimbriatus, Frontinellina frutetorum, Glyphesis servulus, Hygrolycosa rubrofasciata, Hypsosinga albovittata, Micrargus apertus, Oxyopes ramosus, Pardosa bifasciata, Pirata tenuitarsis, Rugathodes instabilis, Theridiosoma gemmosum.
... Diesbezüglich ergaben sich Fragen zu dem plötzlichen Auftreten der großen und dadurch besonders auffallenden Wespenart.Verborgene VorkommenBei mittlerweile Jahrzehnte zurückliegenden, teilweise sehr umfangreichen Untersuchungen im Gebiet, die vorzugsweise der Hymenopterenfauna galten(vgl. ZIRNGIEBL 1957, 1961, SCHMID-EGGER et al. 1995 hat man E. fossorius nicht nachgewiesen. BRECHTEL(1986, in lit. ...
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Die Autoren beschreiben den Wiederfund von Ectemnius fossorius in Rheinland-Pfalz. Die Crabroniden-Art ist 2011 in der Vorderpfalz Nähe Speyer gefunden worden. Der letzte Nachweis liegt bereits über 120 Jahre zurück. In Süddeutschland sind rezente Vorkommen nur von Baden-Württemberg – v. a. entlang der badischen Rheinschiene – bekannt. Auch im benachbarten Elsass/Frankreich gibt es aktuelle Fundmeldungen. Bei gezielter Suche im Sommer 2012 wurde E. fossorius in der pfälzischen Rheinebene geradezu flächendeckend festgestellt. Parallel zu diesen Funden gelangen auch Nachweise in Südhessen. Die Wespenart ist gegenwärtig äußerst expansiv. Alle Fundstellen sind auf einer länderbezogenen Verbreitungskarte dargestellt. Mögliche Ursachen für die erhebliche Präsenz werden erwogen und ausführlich diskutiert. Summary The authors describe the rediscovery of Ectemnius fossorius from the Palatine Upper Rhine Plateau. The species was found in 2011 near Speyer (Spire) in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, Southwest Germany, but the last records before are older than 120 years. For Southern Germany, recent populations are only known from the eastern part of the Upper Rhine Plateau (Baden-Wuerttemberg). E. fossorius has been also found recently in the nearby Alsace.
... The species were also classified into the following two groups to characterise the nesting habits of their hosts: (i) in the ground; (ii) above the ground. Information on the preferred habitats and nesting behaviour of the species was based on Noskiewicz and Puławski (1958), Banaszak (1980), Morgan (1984), Kunz (1994), Schmid-Egger et al. (1995), Linsenmaier (1997), Windschnurer (1997), Saure (1998), Smissen (2001, Rosa (2002Rosa ( , 2006, Esser et al. (2004), and Schmid-Egger (2010). IUCN categories of threat were adopted according to Głowacin´ski (2002). ...
Article
1. In the Kampinos National Park (Poland), which is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, 47 caught per unit effort samples of Chrysididae were collected in 2000–2006. The aim of the study was to identify the factors promoting the diversity of this rarely studied group of parasitic wasps. 2. A total of 722 specimens belonging to 37 species were recorded, including 18 threatened species and six others recently described as new to the Polish fauna. 3. No chrysidids were recorded in forests, instead they were most abundant on fallow land (i.e. in open habitats), of which those located on dry soils were preferred over humid ones, just as by their endogeic (nesting in the ground) hosts. Many chrysidids that are parasites of hypergeic (nesting above the ground) species were significantly associated with old abandoned wooden buildings, where their hosts use holes in wood for nesting. 4. In addition to the characteristics of the habitat sampled, its position in the land mosaic also determined the diversity of chrysidids. Their lowest abundance and species diversity were recorded in samples from different types of habitat, all located in a uniform environment (i.e. with few other habitats nearby), which limited the diversity of resources available within the flight ranges of chrysidids and their hosts. 5. Our study, thus consistent with the concept that habitat heterogeneity enhances faunal diversity, brings important conclusions for the management of park landscapes: afforestation of open areas (both intentional and resulting from natural succession of plant communities) and removal of old abandoned wooden buildings may limit the land mosaicity and thus faunal diversity.
... Westrich (1989) vermoedt dat er nog een andere gastheer is, daar Nomada roberjeotiana in Baden meest gevangen is op plaatsen waar de beide bovengenoemde Andrena-soorten niet voorkomen. Brechtel (1986), Schmid-Egger et al. (1995) en Scheuchl (1995) noemen Andrena fuscipes als mogelijke gastheer. Venne & Bleidorn (2003) vonden A. denticulata als waarschijnlijke gastheer, Bloembezoek Geen informatie. ...
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The wasp bees (Nomada) of the Netherlands (Hymenoptera: Apidae) In the Netherlands 44 species of Nomada are known to occur. The name wasp bee is derived from the often yellow and black colour, which give the insects a wasplike appearance. Nomada bees are cleptoparasites mostly with Andrena species. The eggs are laid in the nest of the host and the Nomada larvae destroys the egg of the host and feeds on the pollen supply. In this paper a key to the males and females of the Netherlands and surrounding area is given. In the species descriptions information is given on the morphology, distribution, hosts, flower visits, fenology and red list status.
... 1980 l 1980-2006 ® < 1980 l 1980-2006 regio Baden het meest gevangen is op plaatsen waar de beide bovengenoemde Andrena-soorten niet voorkomen. Brechtel (1986), Schmid-Egger et al. (1995) en Scheuchl (2000) noemen A. fuscipes (Kirby, 1802), Venne & Bleidorn (2003) noemen A. denticulata (Kirby, 1802) als mogelijke of waarschijnlijke gastheer. ...
Article
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Disappeared and reappeared: Nomada roberjeotiana (Hymenoptera: Apidae s.l.) In 2006 the waspbee Nomada roberjeotiana was found near Gees in the province of Drenthe. These were the first records since 1963. Possibly this species has really disappeared and recolonized the Netherlands. Its probable host Andrena denticulata has expanded in recent years.
... Regarding studies on this group of hymenopterans in Europe, the degree of taxonomic knowledge is extraordinary and has allowed the compilation of Red Lists that relate certain species with different categories, ranging from rare to those considered to be extinct (Day 1991;Schmid-Egger et al. 1995Archer 1998). This would to a certain extent make it equal to the taxonomic information available concerning some groups of vertebrates, at least in northern countries. ...
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The aim of this work is to propose the use of the Spheciformes wasps (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae and Crabronidae) as indicators of European biodiversity. One advantage of studying this group of insects lies in the regulating effects that such wasps have on other insect populations. We discuss the applicability of seven criteria, taken from the literature, to use the Spheciformes wasps as an indicator group, with respect to which parameters this group offers guarantees of being good indicators of biodiversity, both for predicting the diversity of other groups of animals and for all the species of a given area.
... n.a. Schmid Egger et al. (1995) Andrena cineraria 10-14 300 Foraging distance Observation on host plants n.a. Gebhardt and Röhr (1987) Andrena clarkella 11-13 300 Foraging distance Observation on host plants n.a. ...
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To preserve populations of endangered bee species, sound knowledge of their maximum foraging distance between nest and host plants is crucial. Previous investigations predicted maximum foraging distances of 100–200m for small bee species and up to 1100m for very large species based on mainly indirect methods. The present study applied a new and direct approach to experimentally investigate maximum foraging distances in solitary bees. One endangered and two common species of different body sizes, all of which restrict pollen foraging to a single plant genus, were established in a landscape lacking their specific host plants. Females were forced to collect pollen on potted host plants that were successively placed in increasing distance from fixed nesting stands. The maximum foraging distance recorded for the small Hylaeus punctulatissimus was 1100m, for the medium sized Chelostoma rapunculi 1275m and for the large Hoplitis adunca 1400m, indicating that maximum foraging distances at species level have been underestimated. However, the capability to use resources on such a large spatial scale applied only to a small percentage of individuals as 50% of the females of H. punctulatissimus and H. adunca did not forage at distances longer than 100–225m and 300m, respectively. This finding suggests that a close neighbourhood of nesting and foraging habitat within few hundred meters is crucial to maintain populations of these species, and that threshold distances at which half of the population discontinues foraging are a more meaningful parameter for conservation practice than the species specific maximum foraging distances.
... En Allemagne, l'espèce figure sur la liste des espèces menacées (Haeseler & Schmidt, 1984;Jacobs, 2000); elle est considérée comme "menacée de disparition" en Mecklembourg-Poméranie occidentale et "en danger" dans le Brandebourg (Jacobs, 2000); "très en danger" en Rhénanie-Palatinat (Schmid-Egger et al., 1995) ainsi qu'en Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie (Cölln et al., 2004) et en Bavière (Wickl et al., 2004). ...
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Bembix rostrata (L.) (Hymenoptera, Crabronidae) back in Wallonia (Belgium).
... The following data were recorded for all collected and observed bee individuals: species, date, flower resource, grid point. Characteristic beespecies of sand habitats (target species, sensu Bakker and Berendse, 1999) were defined according to various sources (Westrich, 1990;Saure, 1992;Krüss, 1994;Schmid-Egger et al., 1995). Nomenclature follows Westrich (1990), whereas for identification we used different keys (Scheuchl, 1995(Scheuchl, , 1996Mauss, 1996;Scheuchl and Schmid-Egger, 1997;Amiet et al., 1999Amiet et al., , 2001). ...
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Resource utilisation and foraging ranges of Apidae (excluding Apis and Bombus) were studied in sandy grasslands of the temperate zone by pollen analysis combined with direct observation of bees. Plant-taxa composition of 558 pollen loads collected from 56 bee species was determined. We recorded flower-visits using plot-based observations and resource utilisation using pollen analysis. For the most important entomophilous plant species flower-visitation and pollen-analytical data correspond (e.g. Berteroa incana, Centaurea stoebe, Potentilla argentea). Whenever pollen of plant species that are limited in their occurrence could be detected, we were able to use pollen analysis to determine foraging distances, but not maximum foraging distances. Using tree pollen, minimum flight ranges up to 1250 m were documented even for bees with 7 mm body size. Thus pollen analysis not only provides valuable information about foraging on different spatial scales, but also enables foraging ranges to be calculated without experimental manipulation.
Article
Notices on Occurence and Biology of the Golden Digger Wasp Sphex funerarius (GUSSAKOVSKIJ 1934) on Inland Dunes Near Sandhausen and Walldorf in Baden- Wuerttemberg, Germany (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). – Mitt. POLLICHIA, 100: 157–169, Bad Dürkheim. The Golden Digger Wasp (Sphex funerarius) is the biggest native digger wasp in Germany. As a Mediterranean species it is considered rare in our territory. The wasp requires warmth and prefers dry habitats (xerothermophilic). For these reasons it only appears locally and temporarily. In the monograph about the Sandhausen dunes, 1965 is mentioned as the year of the last observation (Krüss 1994). Since 2016, the Golden Digger Wasp is among the most frequent digger wasps in the area of Sandhausen. This work includes observations in Sandhausen and the surrounding area on nectar sources, prey, and other digger wasps in the same habitat and discusses the influence of climate on the cyclic occurrence of this digger wasp.
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The community structure of pollinators in subsidized flowering fields was examined over a period of three years (2011–2013) within the district of Marburg-Biedenkopf (Central Hesse, Germany). During the study a total of 176 females of the furrow-bee species Lasioglossum pauperatum (Brullé, 1832) were recorded at 24 of the 33 study sites. The species was assumed lost in the district of Marburg-Biedenkopf, because it has not been recorded in the prior 60 years. In the federal state of Hesse the species was listed with 1 (at risk of extinction) in the Red Data Book based on only one recent record. In the light of the high abundance and frequency of the latest records the authors review the status and trend of L. pauperatum for Hesse.
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Gerd Reder, Oliver Niehuis: First report of Chrysura rufiventris (Dahlbom, 1854) in Germany and further remarkable species of wasps in Baden-Württemberg, Hessen and Rhineland-Palatinate (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). Faunistical studies and the reviewing of Hymenoptera collected by other entomologists by the authors revealed a number of noteworthy records of aculeate wasps from Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate that we here report. These include the first two records of the cuckoo wasp Chrysura rufiventris from Germany as well as recent records of the cuckoo wasps Chrysis equestris and Hedychridium cupreum, of the digger was- ps Alysson tricolor, Crossocerus barbipes, Nysson quadriguttatus, Oxybelus mucronatus, Pison atrum, Psen exaratus, Psenulus brevitarsis, Psenulus fulvicornis and of the spider wasp Anoplius alpinobalticus from Rhineland-Palatinate. We also report an old record of Nysson quadriguttatus from Baden-Württemberg and the first record of the cuckoo wasp Chrysis equestris in Hessen.
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The cuckoo-wasp C. striatipleuris Rosa et al. 2015, the spider wasp Priocnemis minuta (Vander Linden, 1827), the paper wasp Polistes albellus Giordani Soika, 1976 and the solitary wasp Ancistrocerus auctus (Fabricius, 1793) are new to Luxembourg. Polistes albellus Giordani Soika, 1976 is recorded from the French department of Moselle. Cleptes semiauratus (Linnaeus, 1761) is confirmed for Luxembourg.
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Bernhard Jacobi, Eberhard Holtappels, Hans-Jürgen Martin, Markus Menke: New records of the Ivy Bee Colletes hedera Schmidt & Westrich, 1993 (Apoidea, Colletidae) in North Rhine-Westphalia with an overview of the total distribution of the species. The number of ordnance survey map (1:25,000) quarters with published records of the Ivy Bee Colletes hederae for the state of North Rhine-Westphalia is raised from 2 to now 15. Recent records of the species for two further German states (Saarland, Lower Saxony) are cited or communicated, respectively. The number of German states with records of the Ivy Bee has risen by 2 to 7 since 2009. The northernmost German records for the time being are Göttingen (Lower Saxony) at 51°32’ N and Paderborn at 51°43’ (this paper). The northernmost locality of the Ivy Bee in Europe lies in Norfolk, England at close to 53°N. Since the publication of the review article by Vereecken & al. (2009) the number of European countries with records of the Ivy Bee has increased by 2 (Austria, Serbia) to now 14. The Austrian records couldn’t be included in the above review paper, because they were published later.
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This paper revises the taxonomy of the European species of the Chrysis angustula aggregate and discusses it in a historical review. An illustrated key to the species is presented. For all species and their synonyms I provide the complete reference, type locality, state of type, type depository, and the derivation of the name. The records of the species are depicted on maps and discussed zoogeographically. The phenology of the females is presented. I designate lectotypes of Chrysis brevidens Tournier, 1879, Chrysis ignita ssp. excavata Haupt, 1956, Chrysis ignita ssp. solida Haupt, 1956, and Chrysis ignita ssp. sparsepunctata Zimmermann, 1944. Chrysis (mediata) fenniensis Linsenmaier, 1959, is a junior subjective synonym of Chrysis (ignita) solida Haupt, 1956, and Chrysis (ignita) excavata is a junior subjective synonym of C. longula Abeille, 1879. I regard the syntypes of Chrysis gracilis Schenck, 1856, as lost and classify Chrysis brevidentata Schenck, 1856, and Chrysis gracilis as nomina dubia. Chrysis angustula alpina ssp. n. (France) and Chrysis leptomandibularis sp. n. (Germany) are described new to science.
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Cuckoo wasps (Chrysididae) are a medium-sized and widespread family of Hymenoptera whose species are generally parasitoids or cleptoparasites of solitary wasps and bees. The identities of the hosts are known from various studies and occasional records; however the utility of such data is often low due to unstable taxonomy of the species and the inappropriate methods used to determine the host species. Therefore, despite numerous publications on the subject, the host-parasite relationships of cuckoo wasps are poorly understood. Moreover, a revision of existing literature reveals that cuckoo wasps are often unreasonably considered to be unspecialized (i.e., sharing host species). In this study we use an accurate method (trap-nests) to determine the host relationships of Estonian cuckoo wasps of the genera Chrysis and Trichrysis and determine their level of specialization. 568 trap nest bundles (each containing 15–20 single reed stems) were established at 361 locations across Estonia during the vegetation periods of 2009–2011. Nests built in traps were opened and the order of cells documented in order to determine the host-parasite relationships of mason wasps and cuckoo wasps. Altogether, 5386 insects were recorded, including 12 species of Chrysidini. Hosts of all 12 cuckoo wasp species were determined and included some not previously recorded. Analysis of host-parasite relationships revealed that Estonian species of Chrysidini exhibit a greater degree of host specialization than previously thought, with only a minimal overlap in hosts between species. Such a high degree of specialization accounts for the high species diversity of cuckoo wasps, as the diversity of parasitic insects is often associated with narrow host specialization.
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The potter wasp Eumenes coronatus on the move (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) The first record of Eumenus coronatus in the Netherlands dates back from 1954. After that the species was not recorded until 1988. Since then many specimens were collected in the southern part of the country. In 2004 a female was caught near Arnhem in the central part of the Netherlands. Based on the observed northward expansion in Germany it is expected that Eumenes coronatus will push further northward in the future.
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Megachile pilidens new for the Netherlands (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae) Megachile pilidens Alfken 1924 is reported for the first time from the Netherlands. We also mention some new records in adjacent parts in Germany and Belgium. In Europe M. pilidens has a south-eastern distribution but recently expands to the north. Its occurrence seems to be associated with rocky or stony habitats. The Dutch records in 2005 and 2006 are four females and one male from different sites, all collected in the vicinity of (limestone) quarries in the southernmost part of the province of Limburg. The recent expansion is discussed and some data are presented on host plants and differences with the sibling species M. leachella.
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Résumé: 21 espèces d'aculeates sont nouvelles pour le grand-duché de Luxembourg: Cerceris quadricincta et Ceratina cucurbitina. Pour 11 espèces rares, dont un térébrant et 10 aculéates, de nouvelles données chorologiques sont présentées: Leucospis dorsigera, Dolichovespula omissa, Polistes bischoffi, Mimesa lutaria, Passaloecus pictus, Tachysphex tarsinus, Hylaeus punctatus, Andrena curvungula, Megachile ligniseca, Anthophora aestivalis et A. retusa. Zusammenfassung: 21 Akuleaten-Arten sind neu für das Großherzogtum Luxemburg (siehe erste Liste oben). Für 10 seltene Akuleaten und einen seltenen Terebranten werden neue Daten mitgeteilt (siehe zweite Liste oben). Abstract: 21 species of aculeates are new for the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (see first list above). For 10 rare aculeates and 1 rare non-aculeate apocrite new records are given (see second list above).
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Land-use intensification is a major cause for the decline in species diversity in human-modified landscapes. The loss of functionally important species can reduce a variety of ecosystem functions, such as pollination and seed dispersal, but the intricate relationships between land-use intensity, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning are still contentious. Along a gradient from forest to intensively used farmland, we quantified bee species richness, visitation rates of bees and pollination success of wild cherry trees (Prunus avium). We analysed the effects of structural habitat diversity at a local scale and of the proportion of suitable habitat around each tree at a landscape scale. We compared these findings with those from previous studies of seed-dispersing birds and mammals in the same model system and along the same land-use gradient. Bee species richness and visitation rates were found to be highest in structurally simple habitats, whereas bird species richness--but not their visitation rates--were highest in structurally complex habitats. Mammal visitation rates were only influenced at the landscape scale. These results show that different functional groups of animals respond idiosyncratically to gradients in habitat and landscape structure. Despite strong effects on bees and birds, pollination success and bird seed removal did not differ along the land-use gradient at both spatial scales. These results suggest that mobile organisms, such as bees and birds, move over long distances in intensively used landscapes and thereby buffer pollination and seed-dispersal interactions. We conclude that measures of species richness and interaction frequencies are not sufficient on their own to understand the ultimate consequences of land-use intensification on ecosystem functioning.
Die Sozialen Faltenwespen futtern ihre Larven kontinuierlich mit Insekten und anderen eiweißhaltigen Substanzen (Fleisch von Wirbeltieren etc
Nahrung: Die Sozialen Faltenwespen futtern ihre Larven kontinuierlich mit Insekten und anderen eiweißhaltigen Substanzen (Fleisch von Wirbeltieren etc.). Daneben wird auch stärke-und zuckerhaltige Nahrung eingetragen (Obst, Lebensmittel aus dem Haushaltsbereich u.a.). Ausführliche Hinweise zur Lebensweise dieser Insektengruppe finden sich bei MAUSS & TREIBER (1994).
  • Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz
Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz, Beiheß 16, 1995
Vespidae: Eumeninae)
  • Soiitäre Faltenwespen
Soiitäre Faltenwespen (Vespidae: Eumeninae)
Bestandessitiiatlon: Eumenes sareptanus insolatus konnte in Rheinland-Pfalz seit 1938 nicht mehr nachgewiesen werden. Auch aus Baden-Württemberg sind nur wenige aktuelle Funde gemeldet
  • Zirngdebl Schmid-Egger
  • Vid
Nachwelse: Oberrhein: Landau (1938, ZIRNGDEBL, SCHMID-EGGER vid. in ZSM) Ökologie: Nistweise: baut Mörtelnester. Bestandessitiiatlon: Eumenes sareptanus insolatus konnte in Rheinland-Pfalz seit 1938 nicht mehr nachgewiesen werden. Auch aus Baden-Württemberg sind nur wenige aktuelle Funde gemeldet. Die Art ist ausgestorben oder verschollen.
  • Euodynerus Dantici
Euodynerus dantici (ROSSL 1790) Nachweise: Oberrhein: Landau, Leistadt (leg. ZIRNGDEBL, BLÜTHGEN 1961), Birkenheide 1984, Schauemheim 1980, Worms 1984 (PREUB 1984), Worms (1995, REDER), Kleinfischlingen (1995, NIEHUIS).
Speyer (BETTAG 1989)
Gymnomerus laevipes (SHUCKARD, 1837) Nachweise: Oberrhein: Bienwald (BRECHTEL 1986), Büchelberg (1993, DOCZKAL), Speyer (BETTAG 1989), Umg. Flörsheim-Dalsheim (1994, REDER) -Nahe: Schloßböckelheim (1994, SCHMD>EGGER) -Mittelrhein: Koppelstein (SORG& WOLF 1991) -Saar-Nahe: Schrollbach bei Glan-Münchweiler (1992, ScHMrrz) -Eifel: Gönnersdorf (CÖLLN 1990). Ökologie: Nistweise: in Stengeln. Bestandessituation: Die weit verbreitete Art ist nicht gefährdet. Leptochilus alpestris (SAUSSURE, 1856) Nachweise:Oberrhein: Quimheim, Leistadt (1994, NIEHUIS), Leistadt (1992, HAUSER), Monsheim(1995, REDER) -Nahe: Odemheim (1993, RISCH).
Aktuelle Verbreitungs-' schwerpmikte der Art liegen im Bodenseeraum
  • Mandery Nach
  • Vorm Weber
  • Unpubi
  • Blöthgbn
>. 20: Verbreitung mm Leptochilus alpestris in Deutschland, Funde ¥or 1960 (offene Kreise), nach 1960 (gefüllte Kreise). Nach MANDERY, WEBER, Vorm unpubi, BLÖTHGBN (1961), SCHMIDT & SCHMID-EGGER (1991). Aktuelle Verbreitungs-' schwerpmikte der Art liegen im Bodenseeraum, in der vorderen Pfalz und im Mittlere» Maintal.
Daher werden die Gattungen unter ihren Familien aufgeführt. Allen Arten ist die ausschließlich parasitische Lebensweise gemeinsam. Neben den Larven anderer Stechimmenarten werden jedoch auch verschiedene Käferlarven zur Ernährung der Wespenlarven genutzt
  • Parasitische Familien
Parasitische Familien "Dolchwespenartige" Die ehemalige Überfamilie der "Scolioidea" (Dolchwespenartige) läßt sich aufgrund neuerer Erkenntnisse über die Verwandschaftsbeziehungen bei den Stechimmen nicht mehr aufrechterhalten (BROTHERS 1975, OSTEN, mündl). Daher werden die Gattungen unter ihren Familien aufgeführt. Allen Arten ist die ausschließlich parasitische Lebensweise gemeinsam. Neben den Larven anderer Stechimmenarten werden jedoch auch verschiedene Käferlarven zur Ernährung der Wespenlarven genutzt.
Bestandessituation: Die häufige und weit verbreitete Art ist nicht gefährdet. Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz
Bestandessituation: Die häufige und weit verbreitete Art ist nicht gefährdet. Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz, Beiheß 16,1995
Asselheim (SCHMID-EGGER 1994)
  • Zirngiebl Schmid-Egger
  • Vid
Bestandessituation: Die häufige und weit verbreitete Art ist nicht gefährdet Sapygina decemguttata (FABRICTUS, 1793) Nachwelse: Oberrheln: Bienwald (BRECHTEL 1986), Asselheim (SCHMID-EGGER 1994), Dürkheimer Bruch, Leistadt, (1952, ZIRNGIEBL, SCHMID-EGGER vid. in ZSM), Umg. Ftörsheim-Dalsheira (1994, REDER), Wachenheim (1995, SCHMID-EGGER) -Rhein-Main: Mainzer Sand (1993, SCHMID-EGGER), Ingelheim (1994, SCHMID-EGGER), Mombach, Lennebergwald (ROHE 1990) -Nahe: Odernheim (MOHR, RISCH & SORG 1992) -Mittelrhein: Koppelstein (SORG & WOLF 1991), Ahrtal, Marienthal (WOLLMANN 1986).
Gründe für ihren Rückgang sind nicht bekannt, könnten aber auch auf klimatische Ursachen zurückgeführt werden. Derzeit muß die Art in Rheinland-Pfalz als ausgestorben oder verschollen gelten
  • Schmid-Egger
  • Brechtel
  • Vid
Bestandessltaation: S. sexmaculata wurde in den nordbadischen Sandgebieten und in Südbaden bis 1964 relativ zahlreich festgestellt und konnte in Südbaden während der extrem warmen Jahre 1993 und 1994 wieder nachgewiesen werden (SCHMID-EGGER, BRECHTEL, NEUMANN vid.). Hier ist eine aktuelle Einwanderung von Südfrankreich her nicht auszuschließen. In Rheinland-Pfalz und Nordbaden fehlen neue Nachweise. Gründe für ihren Rückgang sind nicht bekannt, könnten aber auch auf klimatische Ursachen zurückgeführt werden. Derzeit muß die Art in Rheinland-Pfalz als ausgestorben oder verschollen gelten. Weitere aktuelle Vorkommen bestehen in Ostbrandenburg (SAURE & DÜRRENFELDT 1995).
SCHMID-EGGER) -Rhein-Main
Nachweise: Oberrhein: Bienwald (BRECHTEL 1986), Büchelberg (1993, DOCZKAL), Asselheim (SCHMID-EGGER 1994), Grünstadt (1994, SCHMID-EGGER), Eisenberg (1993, SCHMID-EGGER) -Rhein-Main: Mainzer Sand (SCHMIDT & WESTRICH 1987; 1993, SCHMID-EGGER), Ingelheim (1994, SCHMID-EGGER), Mombach, Lennebergwald (ROHE 1990) -Nahe: Rotemfels (SCHMIDT & WESTRICH 1982) -Pfalzerwald: Waldrohrbach (1994, SCHMID-EGGER) -Mittelrhein: Koppelstein (SORG & WOLF 1991), Ahrtal, Marientha! (WOLLMANN 1986) -Eifel: Gömersdorf(HEMBACH& CÖLLN 1991).
Dürkheimer Bruch, Maxdoif
  • Schmid-Egger Zirngiebl
  • Vid
Nachweise: Oberrhein: Büchelberg (1993, DOCZKAL), Dürkheimer Bruch, Maxdoif (1957, ZIRNGIEBL, SCHMID-EGGER vid. in ZSM), Flörsheim-Dalsheim (1995, REDER) Osthofen (1995, NIEHUIS) -Rhein-Main: Mainzer Sand (SCHMIDT & WESTRICH 1987), Ingelheim (1994, SCHMID-EGGER) -Saar-Nahe: Dannenfels (MOHR, RISCH & SORG 1992).
Ökologie: Parasitoid, Wirt unbekannt 254 Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz
Ökologie: Parasitoid, Wirt unbekannt 254 Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz, Beiheß 16,1995
Eine unmittelbare Gefährdung der eventuell endogäisch nistenden Art besteht nicht
  • Wirt
Wirt: endogäisch nistenc'e Grab wespen (Diodontus tristis)? Bestandessituation: Die Goldwespe wird in Mitteleuropa nur selten aufgefunden. Eine unmittelbare Gefährdung der eventuell endogäisch nistenden Art besteht nicht. Rote Liste: R Pseudomalus auratus (LINNAEUS, 1758) Nachwelse: Lit: BRECHTEL (1986), MOHR, RISCH & SORG (1992), ROHE (1990), SCHENCK (1856), SCHMID-EGGER (1994), SCHOOP (1960) (u.a. als Omalus violaceus (SCOPOLI, 1763)), SORG & CÖLLN (1994), SORG & WOLF (1991), WOLLMANN (1986), ZIRNGIEBL (1953).
Wirt: unbekannt. Bestandessituation: Durch ihre Bindung an strukturreiche Trockenbiotope ist diese Goldwespe gefährdet. Zur Verbreitung in der Deutschland siehe Abb
  • Wesmael Chrysis Germari
Chrysis germari WESMAEL, 1839 Nachwelse: lit: KUNZ(1994), ScHMiD-EGGER(i994). Wirt: unbekannt. Bestandessituation: Durch ihre Bindung an strukturreiche Trockenbiotope ist diese Goldwespe gefährdet. Zur Verbreitung in der Deutschland siehe Abb. 22. Rote Liste: 3
Funde nach i960 (gefüllte Kreise). Nach NIEHUIS (in lit), Vorra (unpubl
  • Abb
Abb. 22: Verbreitung von Chrysis germari in Deutschland, Funde vor i960 (offene Kreise), Funde nach i960 (gefüllte Kreise). Nach NIEHUIS (in lit), Vorra (unpubl.), KUNZ (1994), SCHENCK (1856), TRAUTMANN (1919), Vorra (1995).
Die Belege konnten noch nicht eingehend untersucht werden
Nachweise: Lit.(?): SCHOOP (1960). Die Belege konnten noch nicht eingehend untersucht werden.
Die von ZIRNGDEBL als Chrysis succincta LINNAEUS, 1767 gemeldeten Tiere erwiesen sich als fehldeterminiert
Nachweise: Iit.(?): ZIRNGIEBL (1953). Die von ZIRNGDEBL als Chrysis succincta LINNAEUS, 1767 gemeldeten Tiere erwiesen sich als fehldeterminiert.
Bestandessituation: Bislang wurde Chrysura cuprea nur in einem sehr begrenzten Gebiet bei Grünstadt nachgewiesen. Die in der Habitatwahl (Kalkmagerrasen mit einem ausreichendem Angebot an Schneckenhäusern) sehr anspruchsvolle
  • Wirt
Wirt: in Schneckenhäusern nistende Bienen {Osmia rufohirta, O. spinulosa). Bestandessituation: Bislang wurde Chrysura cuprea nur in einem sehr begrenzten Gebiet bei Grünstadt nachgewiesen. Die in der Habitatwahl (Kalkmagerrasen mit einem ausreichendem Angebot an Schneckenhäusern) sehr anspruchsvolle Art ist in Rheinland-Pfalz vom Aussterben bedroht.
  • Fauna Hora Rheinland-Pfalz
Fauna Hora Rheinland-Pfalz, Beiheß 16, 1995
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AERTS, W. (1941): Hymenopteren von Gerolstein in der Eifel.-Decheniana 100: 41-46.
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  • Q Argaman
ARGAMAN, Q. (1994): Generic Synopsis of Myzinidae (Hymenoptera: Scolioidea).-Arm. Hist.-Nat. Musei Nat. Hung. H6: 85-104.
Hymenopterorum Catalogus Pars 17
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On the nomenclature of two sibling species of the Andrem tihialis (KIRBY, 1802) group (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).-Entomologist's
  • D B Baker
BAKER, D.B. (1994): On the nomenclature of two sibling species of the Andrem tihialis (KIRBY, 1802) group (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).-Entomologist's Gazette 45: 281-290.
Wildbienenvorkommen an der Landesanstalt riir Bienenzucht in Mayen
  • S Berg
BERG, S. (1993): Wildbienenvorkommen an der Landesanstalt riir Bienenzucht in Mayen.-Pflanzen u. Tiere in Rheinland-Pfalz 3: 105-109.
Jetzt in der Pfalz nachgewiesen: Eine in ganz
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Zur Biologie und Artunterscheidung westeuropäischer Eumenes F. (Hymenoptera, Eumenidae). 1. Beitrag.-Mainzer naturw
  • E Bettag
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Rote Listen der gefährdeten Tiere und Pflanzen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
  • J Blab
BLAB, J. et al. (Hrsg) (1994): Rote Listen der gefährdeten Tiere und Pflanzen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.-Greven, Kilda, 270 Seiten.
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BLÜTHGEN, P. (1942): Über paläarktische Faltenwespen. (Hym., Vespidae, Eumenidinae).-Mitt. Dt. ent. Ges. 11:.41-42.
Neue oder für Deutschland neue Bienen und Wespen und neue deutsche Fundorte einiger Arten (Hym
  • P Blüthgen
BLÜTHGEN, P. (1944): Neue oder für Deutschland neue Bienen und Wespen und neue deutsche Fundorte einiger Arten (Hym. Apid. Sphecid. Vespid.).-Mitt. EH. ent. Ges. 12: 24-31.
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BLÜTHGEN, P. (1961): Die Faltenwespen Mitteleuropas (Hymenoptera, Diploptera).-Abh. Dt. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. Klasse für Chemie, Geol. u. Biol.: 1-251.
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CÖLLN, K. (1990a): Ein Beitrag zu den sozialparasitischen Vespidae von Rheinland-Pfalz. -Verh. Westdt. Entom. Tag 1990: 99-110.
Die sozialen Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) von Gönnersdorf (Kr. Daun)
  • K Cölln
CÖLLN, K. (1990b):-Die sozialen Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) von Gönnersdorf (Kr. Daun). Beiträge zur Fauna der Eifeldörfer L-Dendrocopos 17: 101-108.
Die Pillen-und Lehrnwespen (Hymenoptera, Eumenidae) von Gönnersdorf (Kr. Daun)
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CÖLLN, K. (1991a): Die Pillen-und Lehrnwespen (Hymenoptera, Eumenidae) von Gönnersdorf (Kr. Daun). Beiträge zur Insektenfauna der Eifeldörfer HI.-Dendrocopos 18: 110-119
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CÖLLN, K. (1992): Hornissen im Regierungsbezirk Trier.-Dendrocopos 19: 73-80.
Soziale Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) des Naturschutzgebietes
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CÖLLN, K. (1993): 4.6. Soziale Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) des Naturschutzgebietes "Ahrschleife bei Altenahr" und angrenzender Bereiche.-Beitr. Landespfl. Rheinland-Pfalz 16: 399-404.
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DALY, H.V. (1981): Taxonomy and ecology of Ceratini of North Africa and the Iberian Penksula (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).-Syst. Ent. 8: 29-62.
1<991): Faunistische Untersuchungen über die Brauchbarkeit von Grabwespen (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) als Umweltindikatoren durch Vergleich neuer und älterer
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DQLLFUSS, H. (1<991): Faunistische Untersuchungen über die Brauchbarkeit von Grabwespen (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) als Umweltindikatoren durch Vergleich neuer und älterer
Bestimmungsschlüssel der Grabwespen Nord-und Zentraleuropas (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) mit speziellen
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Ein aktueller Nachweis der Kreiselwespe (Bembix rostrata (L.)) in der nordwestlichen Lausitz
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Die Schmetterlinge Baden-Württembergs
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EBERT, G. (Hrsg.) (1991): Die Schmetterlinge Baden-Württembergs. Band 1/2.-552 Seiten (Bd. 1), 535 Seiten (Bd. 2), Stuttgart.
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EBMER, A.W. (1988): Kritische Liste der nicht-parasitischen Halictidae Österreichs mit Berücksichtigung aller mitteleuropäischen Äxten. (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae).-Linzer biol. Beitr. 20: 527-711.
Interspezifische Konkurrenz zwischen Honigbienen {Apis mellifera L.) und solitären Wildbienen (Hymenoptera, Apoidea)
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EVERTZ, S. (1994): Interspezifische Konkurrenz zwischen Honigbienen {Apis mellifera L.) und solitären Wildbienen (Hymenoptera, Apoidea).-Natur Landschaft 70: 165-172.