CATnews 64 Autumn 2016
vey findings, captures of the rusty-spotted cat
were made during the night (20:29 h-04:54 h)
across TAL. However, the direct sighting re-
cords were made during the evening 18:00 h,
19:35 h and 20:05 h (Anwar et al. 2012 and
This study presents the conclusive record
for the presence of the rusty-spotted cat in
Nepal and brings the total number of cats
in the country to 12 (SOM T1). According to
the National Red List of Nepal (Jnawali et
al. 2011), two felid species i.e. marbled cat
(whose photographic evidence has not been
found in recent years) and Asiatic golden cat
are listed in Data Deficit DD category. Two
new species (Pallas’s cat and rusty-spotted
cat) discovered after 2013 have not been
assessed in the National Red List. The dis-
covery of two new cat species in Nepal also
highlights the importance of research on sta-
tus, distribution and ecology for their conser-
vation in the country.
We are thankful to Department of National Parks
& Wildlife Conservation and Shuklaphanta Wildlife
Reserve Office for the support to conduct camera
trap surveys in SWR. We highly acknowledge
technical and financial support from National Trust
for Nature Conservation (NTNC) and WWF Nepal.
Special thanks to Mr. Ramjan Chaudhary (nature
guide from Bardiya) and Anne Clifford (park visitor)
for providing photographs. We thank Shomita Muk-
herjee, Prof. Hans de Iong and Prof. C. J. M. Mu-
sters for their support with species identification.
Many thanks to Mr. Anil Prasai, Mr. Hemanta Ku-
mar Yadav and Mr. Gopal Ghimre for their support
with this study. We thank Mr. Suman Malla, Mr.
Nithesh Singh and all the field staff of NTNC, SWR
and Nepal Army for their tireless effort to complete
the camera trap surveys and data management.
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Location ID SWR 42
GPS 28.82346° N /
Elevation 192 m
No. of independent
No. of photos 22
Duration of Camera
Trap Jan 28 to Feb 12, 2016
dates Time (in 24 hrs)
28 Jan 2016 22:42 h
31 Jan 2016 20:31 h
02 Feb 2016 19:54 h
03 Feb 2016 04:54 h
03 Feb 2016 20:29 h
08 Feb 2016 22:31 h
Camera location forest road
Habitat type sal forest
Nearest distance to
village (km) 4.6
in the same camera
palm civet, small
Indian civet, honey
badger, bengal fox,
muntjac, Indian hare
Table 1. Details of camera trap location
where rusty-spotted cat was captured in
Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Nepal.