Altogether four moth species, namely Agonopterix paraselini Buchner, 2017, A. medelichensis Buchner, 2015, Brachodes pumila (Ochsenheimer, 1808), and Callopistria latreillei (Duponchel, 1827) are reported from the Czech Republic for the first time. Coleophora aleramica Baldizzone & Stübner, 2007 is reported as a new species for Moravia, and Coleophora bilineatella Zeller, 1849, C. oriolella ... [Show full abstract] Zeller , 1849 and Syncopacma albifrontella (Heinemann, 1870) are new species for Bohemia. Historical record of Ischnoscia borreonella (Millière, 1874), unaccepted in previous checklists, is considered possible and included into the species list. Historical records of Plusidia cheiranthi (Tauscher, 1809) which were omitted in recent checklists are now considered reliable. The origin of Dorycnium herbaceum Vill. in Bohemia is commented on the basis of Lepidoptera trophically associated with this plant species.