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Invenções, Mutações: Habermas, Offe, Arrow e As Consequências Contemporâneas do Progresso Científico-Tecnológico.

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Abstract

The nature of labor has been changing by two movements. First, as science becomes more important, the number of people directly involved in intellectual labor rises: universities, research institutes and firms' R&D departments are populated by those people dedicated to intellectual labor. Second, as the products of the labor dedicated to science and to technology reach production, they impact the nature of labor. In this case, with new tools, new techniques, new instruments, there may be a combined process of reduction of the weight and importance of manual labor and the increase of the weight of intellectual labor. Marx, in the XIXth century, already discussed a collective worker that would have side by side intellectual and manual labor. Labor, as a collective endeavor, may be understood as having two poles: a pole of manual labor and a pole of intellectual labor. Labor repositioning is a process that is pushed by science and technology and that transforms the relative weights of both poles. In the last two centuries, there has been a permanent growth of the pole of intellectual labor with the correspondent reduction of the pole of manual labor. Metamorphoses of capitalism are related to labor repositioning. Instead of the end of labor, there is a process of labor repositioning.
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... O conceito de mundo-da-vida em Habermas, assim como em Husserl, é levantado como um est ofo primário do qual partem também os impulsos da própria ciência. Assim, o sistema parte do mundo-da-vida, depende dest e, e não o contrário (Albuquerque, 1996). Para Habermas, o problemático nas sociedades modernas é a redução da práxis à techne, do agir comunicativo ao agir estratégico e instrumental que coordena as ações no interior de tais sociedades. ...
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