Biostratigraphical study around the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary in Central Tunisia zonal schemes and correlation

ArticleinJournal of African Earth Sciences 125 · November 2016with409 Reads
Kamel Maalaoui at National Office of Mines
  • 10.08
  • National Office of Mines
Fouad Zargouni at University of Tunis El Manar
  • 32.74
  • University of Tunis El Manar
The fossil data from Central Tunisia has led to the recognition of ten calpionellid and ammonite zones and subzones in the Upper Tithonian-Middle Berriasian interval. The results of this revision are congruent with local interval zones and they were tested with the Mediterranean zonal schemes. Six subzones of calpionellids constitute the basis of our investigations in this study. We recognized the A2+A3, B1, B2, B3, C1 and C2 Subzones. These subzones are calibrated with the ammonite biozones: Berriasella jacobi and Subthurmannia occitanica Zones. Integration of the biostratigraphy of ammonites and calpionellids has allowed us to define the J/K boundary interval and the Middle/Upper Berriasian boundary. Biostratigraphic data provided by the two sections in Central Tunisia allowed the revision of the biostratigraphic attribution of Sidi Kralif Formation. These faunas suggest a late Tithonian to mid Berriasian age for the Jebel Rheouis section, and early Berriasian to mid Berriasian age for Jebel Meloussi section; correlating with their equivalents in other regions of the Tethyan Realm.

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    The lower and middle Berriasian sedimentary succession of the Sidi Kralif Formation has been a subject of biostratigraphic study in two key sections in Central Tunisia. Our contribution is an attempt to better define the basal Berriasian interval, between the Berriasella jacobi Zone and the Subthurmannia occitanica Zone. Zonal schemes are established using ammonites and calpionellids, and... [Show full abstract]
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