In our body, head is an important organ. Ear, nose and throat are part of five senses. In Siddha system, Ear, Nose and Throat diseases comes under head diseases (Thalai noikal). Patients of almost age group and both genders may have diseases of ENT in any time of their life. Ear infections are generally seen in children under the age of six. Throat diseases are more prone to the age group of ... [Show full abstract] sixty years. The incidence ratio will be more susceptible for Men than women. The main purpose of the review is to document the uniqueness and up to date review of ear, nose and throat in accordance with Siddha Medicine. The WHO identifies that ENT problem as a massive public health problem. This review also deals with the emerging branch ear, nose and throat diseases & its types, causes, symptoms, treatments which are represented in Siddha.