Article

Discovery of a New Type of Megalith in Sredna Gora Mountain, Bulgaria

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Abstract

This publication aims to present a newly discovered megalithic structure near the village of Rozovets, Brezovo municipality in Southern Bulgaria possessing a set of characteristics not described previously in the scientific literature. To account for them, a new classification type of megalithic constructions is proposed – 'a pair of balanced monoliths' with a subtype of 'a pair of balanced parallel orthostats'. The paper also offers arguments in favour of classing the 'Sredna Gora proto-dolmen' as a separate group of megalithic monuments on the grounds of differing typology and chronology. DESCRIPTION OF THE STRUCTURE The megalith is located in the vicinity of the village of Rozovets in the Brezovo municipality, Sarnena Sredna Gora Mountain (Sredna Gora Mountain is divided into three distinct geographic areas – Sarnena, Sashtinska and Ihtimanska from East to West). It was photographed and published in the Internet for the first time by a group of researchers from the city of Plovdiv on 01.11.2015. Аn artificially levelled rock platform measuring approximately 5x4 meters is situated among a rock cluster, consisting of several dozens of stone blocks. On top of the platform, a pair of parallel vertical stone slabs (orthostats) rise at a distance of 80-90 cm apart. The site is known as "Bratiata" (The Brothers), "Popova turla" (Priest's pit) or "Izpravenite kamani" (Standing stones) among the few locals who are familiar with it. Neither of the two monoliths is connected to the base. They appear to be of the same type of rock as the base; however a geological study would be needed to confirm this. The passage formed between the two orthostats is oriented to the east-southeast and is about four metres long. One orthostat is located north of the passage (hence we denote it as the North Brother) while the other one is to the south (South Brother). The North Brother is about six meters tall, 4.20 m wide and 0.9 m thick at the base. The base has a very small area and the stone is wider mid-height in a distinctive spindle shape. The stone is visibly 'placed' on the leveled rock platform. It does not rest on its entire basis but instead rests on just three

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