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Нобелевская премия в русском зарубежье (1933). Opus 4–5 Nobelio premija. Skaitymas. Vilniaus universiteto leidykla, 2009. С. 15–26

Abstract

The Nobel Prize in Russian Emigration (1933). The author examines the awarding the Nobel Prize for Literature to Ivan Bunin (1870–1953) in 1933, based mainly on the materials of the Russian periodical press in interwar Poland. The Nobel Prize for Literature is crucial intervention of the field of power into the field of literature, inasmuch as it represents the highest legitimation of a writer and his national literature, type of literature and literary party. Bunin’s award was taken as a sign of international recognition of Russian literature, of the fact of the Russian emigration and the superiority of émigré literature over Soviet, and as a proof of the fact that Russian literature abroad was the true successor of classic Russian literature. Russian emigrants saw the award as their own success. However, the reactions inside the literary environment turned out to be rather conflicting because the award itself gave a special value to a certain type of creativity. The competition for the award and the two groups that gathered around Ivan Bunin and Dmitry Merezhkovsky brought a new principle of fighting for the definition of true writer and true creativity. Eventually, Bunin’s success made Merezhkovsky’s party wish for symbolic power and gave the their opponents extra arguments in the pole.
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