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Изплъзващата се цел на щастието (The Elusive Quest for Happiness)

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Abstract

This article summarizes key findings in the contemporary research field of happiness economics. Elaborated is the influence of macroeconomic factors like inflation, unemployment, and GDP, as well as the quality of governance on the overall reported life satisfaction. The concepts of conspicuous consumption and the relative income hypothesis are brought in connection with the notion of the 'hedonic treadmill' for the purpose of explaining the invariant happiness levels in the last decades despite of the remarkable increase in standard of living. The methodological framework is used to find an answer to the puzzling question of declining women's reported happiness levels in developed economies.
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ГОДИШНИК НА СОФИЙСКИЯ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ “СВ. КЛИМЕНТ ОХРИДСКИ”
СТОПАНСКИ ФАКУЛТЕТ
Том 13, 2016
ANNUAL OF SOFIA UNIVERSITY “ST. KLIMENT OHRIDSKI”
FACULTY OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Volume 13, 2016


Софийски университет „Св. Климент Охридски”, Стопански факултет
Катедра Икономика
e-mail:
Teodor Sedlarski, Zhelyu Panayotov




   


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Key words 

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
  
Smith

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





 



  
       



   
          

      
McLaren
Седларски












  


 




   
Frey, Stutzer,

 
   



   

      Ариели Седларски 
СедларскиДимитрова
парадокс на щастието



Scitovsky



McLaren






Kahneman, Kruger



      
   


Kahneman, Kruger

         







  

Канеман






Keynes

      




   
       
         
  McLaren    
          
  







Lowenstein, O`Donoghue, Rabin







Keynes









   
      
   
          
  
критерий Калдор-Хикс








 
Helliwell






Thaler



LowensteinFrank
         





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високите доходи    
  

         

Frey, Stutzer
     
     

        
    
    

Sirgy
    




Easterlin



        






Kenny
            

             
    Gardner, Oswald   





SirgyFrey, Stutzer,
Ариели



Frey,
Stutzer








     Easterlin
Frey, Stutzer

безработицата




       
            
        
 


        

Frey, Stutzer





       

    Alesina, Di Tella,
MacCullochFrey, Stutzer


Di Tella, MacCulloch, Oswald



    

    
Frey, Stutzer

 
 

 



0 „Психологическа“ цена:        
        
 
     

    


Clark,
Georgellis, Sanfrey
0 „Социална“ цена: 

    
           
 

    

Di TellaMacCulloch, Oswald
             
    




           






Frey, Stutzer

инфлация


             




      
Fischer
  

 Fischer Schiller  


   

  

Schiller

Frey, StutzerDiTella,
MacCulloch, Oswald

Blanchower, Oswald, 2000; DiTella, MacCulloch,
Oswald
      

           
   

        

    


DiTella, MacCulloch, Oswald

     политическото управление 




Седларски


           


    
  

       

        

Graham, Pettinato

     


Frey, Stutzer
пряката демокрация

  

     
          
     



       

    

Децентрализацията




Frey, Stutzer



    
   




  адаптация 
Frey, Stutzer
КанеманСедларски

 
      
       

         
Brickman, Coates, Janoff, Bulman    



    Clark, Diener, Georgellis, Lucas 
   


Канеман

хедонична бягаща пътекахедонична мелница
hedonic treadmillEgbert, Mengov
Еasterlin

Burkholder

         
    




       

    

           
Easterlin


Frey, Stutzer

Kahneman, Kruger

  



      
   
       
   желанията aspiration
treadmill



Kahneman, Krueger


    



          





Канеман


се сравняват 



FrankСедларски

  Easterlin
    


  


Frey, Stutzer
      
          
       
 показно потреблениеconspicuous
consumption
      Veblen    Сед-
ларски   
Duesenberry   
хипотеза за относителния доход relative income hypothesis  
   външните ефектиexternalities 
     



Frey,
Stutzer
     
Van Praag, Kapteyn
 Van Praag, Frijters       



      
      
    


Frey, Stutzer
 



     
   


   
позиционни благаpositional goods

HirschFrank
   



Сед-
ларски

 

  


 
 
Frey, Stutzer
       








        
 (Di Tella, MacCulloch, Oswald     


      


   

   

 
     

     
  
  
Frey, Stutzer
aspiration
level
щастието зависи от раз-
ликата между желаното и текущото състояниеDuesenberry
Pollack
 
        
     




 


  
Frey, Stutzer

Stevenson, Wolfers


  
 
    
Blau

      обективното 






Blau, Kahn

Пеовски
 

 
субективното

  




Stevenson, Wolfers
     



     










            


KruegerStevenson,
Wolfers





 


         


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
    
       

       
   

      

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
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
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
    
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        
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      



Stevenson, Wolfers




       

 



     









  

      









     



     




  
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




     
   



  

    






   Stevenson, Wolfers  






 

     




       
    Bjоrnskov,
Dreher, Fischer



  


Putnam
Twenge


     

   

  
      











Kahneman








      


        




Diener
  





Stevenson, Wolfers


    

Sachs, Helliwell, Layard

        
      
      




     









 
      



Sachs, Helliwell, Layard




   


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Литература
  Предвидимо ирационални. Кои са силите, формиращи нашите решения.
 Predictably Irrational. The Hidden Forces
That Shape Our Decisions
МисленетоThinking,
Fast and Slow
Икономическа мисъл
   Икономически теории (История на икономическата мисъл) 


Икономическа мисъл

Икономическа мисъл

  Икономически и социални алтернативи

Нова институционална икономика

Институционални аспекти на пазара


Икономическа мисъл

Икономически алтернативи
Ико-
номически алтернативи
Социо-
логическипроблеми
   
8
 
,12
 
Quarterly Journal of Economics
         



  Journal of Eco-
nomic Literature,

Journal of Labor Economics

    

    


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
DELTA Working Papers
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 
Economica
ZEI Work-
ing Papers

American Economic Review
   


American Psychologist



J. Econ.
Behav. Or.,.
     Econ. J.
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
Psychological Research

Journal of
Economic Literature
     
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

Econ. J
,  A. .    

 
Journal of Economic Perspectives

J. Happiness Stud. 

      




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            

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    
The Journal of Economic Perspectives
         
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
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

     
      
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
  
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     J. Polit. Econ 
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   

   

       
       
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Social Indicators Research


    American Eco-
nomic Journal: Economic Policy
     
   Brookings Papers on Economic Activity    
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              
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


              
  Europ. Econ. Rev
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

  Journal of Happiness Studies
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Постъпила на 13.05.2013 г.
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Article
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the association of income and happiness. The basic data consist of statements by individuals on their subjective happiness, as reported in thirty surveys from 1946 through 1970, covering nineteen countries, including eleven in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Within countries, there is a noticeable positive association between income and happiness—in every single survey, those in the highest status group were happier, on the average, than those in the lowest status group. However, whether any such positive association exists among countries at a given time is uncertain. Certainly, the happiness differences between rich and poor countries that one might expect on the basis of the within-country differences by economic status are not borne out by the international data. Similarly, in the one national time series studied, for the United States since 1946, higher income was not systematically accompanied by greater happiness. As for why national comparisons among countries and over time show an association between income and happiness that is so much weaker than, if not inconsistent with, that shown by within-country comparisons, a Duesenberry-type model, involving relative status considerations as an important determinant of happiness, is suggested.
Book
This reissue of the authoritative Royal Economic Society edition of Essays in Persuasion features a new introduction by Donald Moggridge, which discusses the significance of this definitive work. The essays in this volume show Keynes’ attempts to influence the course of events by public persuasion over the period of 1919-40.