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The types of Phasmida in the Natural History Museum, London, UK

Authors:
  • The Alfred Russel Wallace Correspondence Project

Abstract and Figures

Type specimens of 437 Phasmida taxa have been located in the Natural History Museum, London (NHMUK, formerly BMNH), including 480 primary types of 372 taxa. Taxa with types are listed alphabetically by their specific or subspecific name, and the number of specimens, sex and locality data are given.
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Accepted by B. Mantovani: 30 Aug. 2016; published: 31 Oct. 2016
ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)
ISSN
1175-5334
(online edition)
Copyright © 2016 Magnolia Press
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Article
151
http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4179.2.1
http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:454198A0-FDF5-4CF9-BC1F-6E2EA2BAD100
The types of Phasmida in the Natural History Museum, London, UK
PAUL D. BROCK
1
, JUDITH A. MARSHALL
1
, GEORGE W. BECCALONI
1
& ALLAN J. E. HARMAN
2
1
Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, U.K.
E-mail of 1
st
author: pauldbrock@btinternet.com;
2
allan.harman@btinternet.com
Abstract
Type specimens of 437 Phasmida taxa have been located in the Natural History Museum, London (NHMUK, formerly
BMNH), including 480 primary types of 372 taxa. Taxa with types are listed alphabetically by their specific or subspecific
name, and the number of specimens, sex and locality data are given.
Key words:
Phasmida, Phasmatodea, type, Natural History Museum, London
Introduction
Kirby (1904c) indicated in his Synonymic Catalogue that there were at that time 223 nominal species of Phasmida
represented by holotypes or syntypes in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London. Brock (1993) gave
details of type material added to this collection since Kirby’s publication, but many more types have been added
since then. In order to correct some inaccuracies in the literature and provide a readily available list for the
increasing number of phasmid researchers, this is considered an appropriate time to publish a new list. Images of
type specimens and their individual labels are accessible on-line via the Phasmida Species File http://
phasmida.speciesfile.org and are not included here.
Primary types (holotypes, lectotypes, neotypes and syntypes) and secondary type material (paratypes and
paralectotypes) are listed alphabetically by their original specific or subspecific name. The information for each
type is given in the following standard sequence:
1) Specific or subspecific name/author/date/page reference of original publication/original genus in
parentheses.
2) Type status and sex, collecting locality and any bionomic information, date of collection, collector (in
parentheses and italicized), [BMNH(E) #] = the unique NHMUK specimen number on the label pinned under the
specimen when photographs were taken. Lectotype designation reference. Notes on the location of other type
material (if applicable).
3) Current name and the current higher classification following the Phasmida Species File.
In listing the locality for each specimen, the current name of the country (corrected if necessary) is given first,
in capitals. If omitted or not obvious from the label or published information it is added in square brackets. The
remaining locality data follows in order of magnitude, irrespective of the order in which it may appear on the
label(s). Earlier versions of names are given in inverted commas following the correct name e.g. SRI LANKA:
‘Ceylon’.
Where known, height above sea level is given as feet (ft.) or metres (m.), as originally cited.
The date of collection is given in standard form, Arabic numerals for day and year and Roman numerals for
the month. If the collection date is unknown the NHMUK Accession number is given (e.g. as [18]42-22) - note that
the date of collection may have been some time earlier.
The collector is given where known, or if not, then the named collection from which the specimen came is
given if known (as Coll.) If it is known who presented a specimen to the NHMUK, or from whom it was purchased,
then this is also stated (as Pres. or Purch.), following the collector’s name if known e.g. (Mr. A. R. Wallace, Purch.
Stevens).
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FIGURE 1. Acanthoderus wallacei [now in Neopromachus] a) female syntype, b. typical data labels, c. reverse of round label.
The data listed for each specimen are taken from the label(s) pinned underneath the specimen, supplemented
by additional information from the original description and from the NHMUK’s Accessions Registers, in order to
attempt to improve the accuracy of these data. Any significant damage is also noted.
Note that many of the early species described in major publications on phasmids by Gray (1835) and
Westwood (1859) only list country of origin.
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All the specimens, except eggs, bear a circular colour-coded type label as used by the Natural History Museum
(red—holotype or neotype, purple—lectotype, blue—syntype or paralectotype, yellow—paratype) plus an
Accession number as recorded in the Museum’s Accession Registers, which includes the year in which the
specimen was received by the Museum. In some cases the number is shared with many other specimens, resulting
in a block entry in the register. For example, ‘80.83’ which relates to insects with data labels that read ‘Thursday
I[sland]’ (in Queensland, Australia), shows that the specimens were received in 1880 and were the 83rd accession
of that year. The Register entry states ‘Thursday Island, S. New Guinea’ (casting doubt that the insects were
collected in Australia!), a lot which consisted of 13 Orthoptera [phasmids then being regarded as part of the
Orthoptera], 3 Hemiptera, 2 Blattaria and 6 Lepidoptera, presented by E. Gerrard Jun[ior]. Checking the register
entry is a useful exercise as it often contains information absent from the original description of the taxon and from
the data labels on the specimens, as in the above case. Eggs of phasmids have only been listed with paratypes by
authors since the late 1990s; they are mentioned, but not allocated individual NHMUK reference numbers. Such
eggs are often pinned beneath or to the side of the relevant female.
The name Phasmida is used for the order of stick and leaf insects, or walking sticks, rather than Phasmatodea,
Phasmatoptera, Cheleutoptera etc. The Code of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature has no
rules for the construction of names of orders, only for the names of family-group, and genus-, species- and
subspecies-level names. This may result in several names being in use for the same order; the name used by an
author being largely a matter of personal preference and therefore subject to some debate or even to prolonged
argument. Phasmida is, however, the oldest and simplest name, first used by Leach in 1815 in ‘Brewster’s
Edinburgh Encyclopaedia’ volume 9, p. 119, and widely used in major entomological textbooks, dictionaries and
many scientific papers and books on phasmids. As there is no compulsion to select the ‘grammatically correct’
name [which some argue is Phasmatodea Jacobson & Bianchi, 1902], selection of a long established (and simple)
name is reasonable, although the probability of persuading all colleagues to agree on the use of Phasmida is
unlikely (Brock & Marshall, 2011). Similarly, opinions on higher classification are periodically changing following
different methodology by different authors.
Abbreviations for Depositories given in the listings are as follows:
AMS Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia
ANIC Australian National Insect Collection, Canberra, Australia
ANSP Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, USA
BMKB Brunei Museum, Kota Batu, Brunei
BMNH British Museum (Natural History), London, UK. Now NHMUK
BPBM Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
CEBUC Colección Entomológica del Programma de Biologia, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales,
Colombia
CUMZ University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge, UK
DCMD Derby City Museum, Derby, UK
DEIC Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Eberswalde, Germany
FRCS Forest Research Centre, Sandakan, Sabah, Malaysia
FRIM Forest Research Institute, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
FSCA Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, Florida, USA
ICN Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Bogotá, Colombia
ISNB Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium
KNP Kinabalu National Park Collection, Sabah, Malaysia
MCSN Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria”, Genova, Italy
MHNG Muséum d’histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland
MHNL Musée d’Histoire naturelle, Lille, France
MHNUC Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales, Colombia
MNHN Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, France
MNHU Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany
MNMS Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain
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MONZ Museum of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand
MSIRI Mauritius Sugar Reseach Institute, Le Réduit, Mauritius
MVMA Museum of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
NHMB Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel, Switzerland
NHMUK Natural History Museum, London, UK. Formerly BMNH
NHMW Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria
NHST Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Saint-Denis, Réunion
NLHD Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum, Hannover, Germany
NUS Zoological Reference Collection, National University of Singapore, Singapore
OXUM Hope Entomological Collections, University Museum, Oxford, UK
PBZT Parc botanique et zoologique de Tsimbazaza, Antananarivo, Madagascar
QM Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Australia
RMNH Naturalis Biodiversity Centre, Leiden, Netherlands
SAMC South African Museum, Iziko Museums of Cape Town, South Africa
SANC National Collection of Insects, Pretoria, South Africa
SBRC Skukuza Biological Reference Collection, Kruger National Park, Skukuza, South Africa
SMFD Forschungsinstitut und Naturkmuseum, Senckenberg, Frankfurt, Germany
SMNS Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany
SMSM Sarawak Museum, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
SMTD Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden, Germany
TMSA Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, South Africa
ULPB University of the Philippines, Los Baños, Philippines
UMBB Übersee-Museum, Bremen, Germany
UPPC Museum of Natural History, University of the Philippines, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines
ZMUC Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
ZMUH Universität von Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
ZRC Zoological Reference Collection, Singapore
ZSMC Zoologische Staatssammlung, Munich, Germany
ZUMS Zoological Collection, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Menggatal, Sabah, Malaysia
Additionally material is held in the following private collections:
ASPER, France
P. E. Bragg, UK
P. D. Brock, UK
P. Jennings, UK
M. Gottardo, Italy
F. H. Hennemann, Germany
O. V. Conle, Germany
F. Seow-Choen, Singapore
O. Zompro, Germany
A short history of the Nhmuk Phasmid collection
The vast majority of pre-1905 descriptions of phasmid taxa in the NHMUK collection were made by Gray,
Westwood and Kirby.
George Robert Gray (1808–1872) entered the service of the Natural History Museum in 1831 and later
became Assistant Keeper. He is best known to phasmid researchers for his 1833 and 1835 books on phasmids, his
Synopsis of Phasmidae (1835) which lists 134 recognised species and several doubtful ones.
The Museum published John Obadiah Westwoods (1805-1893) mammoth book Catalogue of Orthopterous
Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part 1, Phasmidae, in 1859, the first major illustrated work on
phasmids in English, with 471 species included. Westwood, a prolific author, was curator of the Hope
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Entomological Collections at Oxford and nearly all his numerous phasmid type material is in either London or
Oxford.
FIGURE 2. Westwood at his desk, a stick insect in his hand (by courtesy of Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford).
In London, the Museum’s collections grew rapidly and William Forsell Kirby (1844-1912) was appointed as
2
nd
Class Assistant in 1879, retiring in 1909. The Orthoptera were his responsibility and he worked actively on the
collection, publishing several important entomological works. Volume I of his three-volume Synonymic Catalogue
of Orthoptera was published in 1904 and included the Phasmidae—current orders then only being regarded as
families. The genera and species in the collection were at that time denoted within the drawers with hand written
labels, a practice which continued for many years before replacement with type-written, and now printed, labels.
However Kirby’s distinctive scrawling handwriting is still to be seen on his type specimens.
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The majority of specimens are pinned, although there is a small amount of material in spirit. Specimens in the
collection were obtained by many well known collectors, some of whom are as follows:
John G. Children (1777–1852)—phasmids described by Gray in 1833 & 1835, including Australian species.
Henry Walter Bates (1825–1892)—travelled to the Amazon in 1848 with A.R. Wallace and spent 11 years
collecting there; he described many new species of Phasmida (Bates, 1865) though much of his material was
purchased by W.W. Saunders and is now in OXUM.
Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913)—after collecting in the Amazon region he continued his explorations in South-
East Asia (Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and East Timor) whilst developing his theory of natural selection.
Frederick D. Godman (1834–1919) & Osbert Salvin (1835–1898) collection (specimens presented to the Museum
1908–168)—many Central and South American phasmids described by Brunner & Redtenbacher (1906–08)
and further commented on in Biologia Centrali-Americana (Shelford, 1908).
Samuel Stevens (1817–1899)—joined the family-owned London auction house in 1840, selling books and natural
history specimens. He then set up his own Natural History Agency in 1848 and acted as agent for many
collectors, supporting their travels and selling their resultant collections, notably those of Alfred Russel
Wallace and Henry Walter Bates. He was the agent for many other collectors as well, although their names are
often unrecorded in the Museum’s Registers and elsewhere. He returned to running the family company after
his brother’s death, retiring in 1867.
Hugh Cuming (1791–1865)—collected in Chile and the Philippines and in 1840 became a dealer in natural history
specimens.
Sir Joseph Banks (1743–1820) collection—presented to the Museum by the Linnean Society in 1863. It is rich in
type material of species described by Johann C. Fabricius (1745–1808), although it only includes one phasmid
described by Fabricius in 1775 [as Mantis lateralis]. The Banks Collection also includes a phasmid described
even earlier by Drury, 1773 [as Mantis linearis]; these are two of the earliest known phasmid specimens in any
collection.
Material was also received by the Museum from a number of specialist collecting trips, often Royal Naval
Ships on which the Surgeon was the appointed Naturalist. Many trips were sponsored by the Royal Society, as was
the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger (1872–76), a mainly marine expedition.
The East India Company was originally chartered to pursue trade with the East Indies, and extended to the
Indian subcontinent and China. It received the Royal Charter in 1600, was very active in India during the 1757–
1858, maintaining a museum (East India Museum) and library in London, and was dissolved in 1874.
For many years after Kirby’s retirement the orthopteroid insect collections, including Phasmida, were in the
nominal charge of various members of staff, none specifically interested in orthopteroids, although C. J. Gahan,
Keeper of Entomology from 1913–1927 described a phasmid (in 1912). From 1920 the collection benefitted
greatly by the activities of B.P.Uvarov, based in the Museum but employed by the (then) Imperial Institute of
Entomology. Although he was interested in all orthopteroids his principal study was locust research. In 1945 he
became director of the Anti-Locust Research Centre and in 1961 was knighted for his services to Acridology.
The orthopteroid types were housed in special type cabinets during WWII and together with the main
collection, were removed from South Kensington for safety. Sadly this resulted in the destruction of numbers of
type specimens by Anthrenus (Riley, 1964). (This and other beetle pest species were a continuing problem for
orthopteroid insects until the transfer of the collections into Darwin Centre Phase 2 (DC2) in 2009.)
David R. Ragge was appointed as the Museum’s Orthopterist in 1952, and commenced the reorganisation of
the collections with the assistance of Pat Stock, later Newman, who identified and added handwritten labels to
many of the type specimens. Other staff were employed during the 1960s and 1970s; Judith Meadows, later
Marshall, joined the staff in 1964 and succeeded David Ragge as the orthopteroid curator on his retirement in 1990.
The current curator, George Beccaloni, replaced Judith Marshall when she retired in 2003.
All the collections were indexed to genus, and type-written labels in drawers gradually replaced the former
(frequently almost undecipherable) hand-written labels. The main collection at that time was housed in Hill
cabinets with cork slats, though many (about one-third) were still in solid-bottomed drawers, and the unidentified
accessions were originally in boxes but transferred to accessions ‘moth-box’ type solid-bottomed drawers. By the
early 1970s the main collection had been transferred to new wooden cabinets with some expansion space, and all
solid bottomed drawers had been replaced.
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Replacement of wooden by metal collection cabinets commenced in 1996, when further expansion space
became a possibility, particularly with the reorganisation in preparation for the transfer out of the old Entomology
block ahead of the building of Darwin Centre Phase 2 (DC2).
Until 2004 the Phasmida collection had been maintained more or less in the arrangement established by Kirby,
and although new material was incorporated where possible there was no room for further expansion. There were
240 main collection drawers with material on slats, 95 accession drawers, and 50 tightly-filled drawers of identified
and indexed material, including many types, received from the 1970s. This material was largely due to the
collecting activities of:
Bragg, Phil E.—mainly Sabah and Sarawak.
Brock, Paul D.—Australian, Malaysian and part of a general collection.
Harman, Allan J. E.—worldwide.
Other donations were received from the many individuals who became interested in collecting, rearing and
identifying phasmids from the 1970s. The increased interest led to the formation of the Phasmid Study Group in the
UK in 1980, by A.R. (Tony) James, and with other associations in Europe.
Following his publication of the list of additional phasmid type material in the collection in 1993, Paul Brock
went on to work with Dan Otte on the Phasmida Species File (http://phasmida.speciesfile.org/HomePage/
Phasmida/HomePage.aspx) and in 2005 Otte & Brock published a world catalogue of Phasmida. With this
publication a complete rearrangement and recuration of the collection was essential, in order to conform with the
catalogue, and this was undertaken by Judith Marshall (by this time retired and a Scientific Associate) from 2004 to
2008, with the support of the current curator, George Beccaloni. All specimens were transferred into unit trays;
other parts of the departmental insect collections had previously begun the transfer of specimens from slats to unit
trays with plastazote pad inserts, using the small NHMUK sizes A, B and C. However by 2004 NHMUK sizes D (2
x C) and E (3 x C) were developed, with the further potential of a single sheet of plastazote within a drawer for
extra large specimens, so it became possible to transfer all of the Phasmida into new drawers with unit trays. Most
of the accessions were identified and integrated during this process.
Since this recuration George Beccaloni arranged the purchase of C. L. Chan’s large collection of Malaysian
phasmids and this was received by the Museum in 2009. Many small donations of recently collected species
continue to be received from members of the Phasmid Study Group, so that the collection is continually expanding.
J.T. Clark Sellicks egg collection was donated in January 2015. Both Paul Brock and Allan Harman have
bequeathed their collections to the Museum in their wills, and have completed the ‘Confirmation of Gift to the
Natural History Museum - Intention to donate or put in Will’ forms as verification.
FIGURE 3. Phobaeticus chani female holotype, body length 357 mm.
Type material has been deposited recently mainly by current workers, the most prolific being Paul D. Brock
(46), Phil E. Bragg (29), Oskar Conle & Frank Hennemann (26 described jointly and 1 described only by
Hennemann) (some taxa were jointly described with other authors). These authors have also described many other
taxa deposited in other museum collections.
It is expected that specialists will continue to describe material in the Natural History Museum from Chan’s
collection and also from other purchased and donated material of worldwide origin. Overall, this collection is
considered to be the second most important in the world for the phasmid taxonomist, after Vienna, which houses
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the Brunner & Redtenbacher collection of species, mostly described in their 1906–08 monograph (Brock, 1999b).
The Natural History History Museum notably has the holotype of the world’s longest stick insect, Phobaeticus
chani.
Phasmida taxa with type material in NHMUK
abercrombiei Bragg, 1995a: 28 (Hoploclonia)
♀ HT & 1 ♂ PT: [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Niah National Park, outside Great Cave, 27.x.1994 (I. Abercrombie)
[BMNH(E) #845213-845214]. There are 3 additional paratypes (2 ♂ & 1 ♀) in OXUM (1 ♂) and P. E. Bragg Coll.
(1 ♂ & 1 ♀).
= Junior subjective synonym of Hoploclonia cuspidata cuspidata Redtenbacher, 1906 (Heteropterygidae:
Obriminae: Tisamenini)
aculiferum Kirby, 1902a: 47 (Bactrododema)
2 ST: 1 ♂ [SOUTH AFRICA:] Barberton (Rendall) [BMNH(E) #844929]; 1 ♀ [SOUTH AFRICA:] Crocodile
River (Distant) [BMNH(E) #844930].
= Junior subjective synonym of Bactrododema tiaratum Stål, 1858 (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
acuticorne Gray, 1835: 26 (Phasma)
♀ HT: ‘South America’ [18]44-22 (Purch. Mr. Birch) [BMNH(E) #845332].
= Prexaspes (Prexaspes) acuticornis (Gray, 1835) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
adefa Cliquennois, 2005: 114 (Spathomorpha)
2 PT: 1 ♂ MADAGASCAR: forêt d’Ambodiriana, Manompana, Tamatave, 19.iii.2003 (N. Cliquennois)
[BMNH(E) #845101]; 1 ♀ N.E. MADAGASCAR: Forest Belt, 1946-140 (S. Hutchins) [BMNH(E) #845100]. The
♂ holotype is in MNHN. There are 46 additional paratypes spread between MHNL, MNHN, MHNG, MHNR,
PBZT, also P. D. Brock, F. Hennemann and N. Cliquennois Colls.
= Spathomorpha adefa Cliquennois, 2005 (Anareolatae (taxonomic position uncertain))
aegyptiaca Gray, 1835: 18 (Bacteria)
♂ HT [Specimen very damaged]: EGYPT: [BMNH(E) #844866].
= Clonaria aegyptiaca (Gray, 1835) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
aesalus Westwood, 1859: 133 (Necroscia)
♀ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #844854].
= Neoclides aesalus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
aestuans Westwood, 1859: 109 (Cyphocrania)
1 ST: 1 ♀ CONGO: [18]43-56 (Andrew Curror Esq., Surgeon RN, H.M.S. Waterwitch, Pres. James Curror Esq.,
RN) [BMNH(E) #844932]. There is another syntype (1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Bactrododema aestuans (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
affinis Gray, 1835: 37 (Platycrana)
♂ HT: INDIA: [18]40-4.2.1301 (Purch. Mr. Children) [BMNH(E) #844789].
= Necroscia affinis (Gray, 1835) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
agathyrsus Gray, 1843: 122 (Phyllium)
♀ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]92-128 (Lt.Col. Yerbury) [BMNH(E) #845234].
= Junior subjective synonym of Phyllium (Pulchriphyllium) bioculatum Gray, 1832 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae:
Phylliini)
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agrion Westwood, 1859: 164 (Dinelytron)
♂ HT: BRAZIL: Amazon, Villa Nova (Mr. Bates) [BMNH(E) #845171].
= Dinelytron agrion Westwood, 1859 (Prisopodidae: Prisopodinae: Prisopodini)
alauna Westwood, 1859: 10 (Bacillus)
♀ HT: INDIA: N. India (Pres. East India Company) [BMNH(E) #845005].
= Ramulus alauna (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
albopunctatum Kirby, 1896a: 472 (Ctenomorpha)
2 ST: 2 ♂ [AUSTRALIA:] Queensland, Rockhampton, [18]72-18 (G. L. Pilcher, Purch. E. W. Janson) [BMNH(E)
#845023-845024].
= Junior subjective synonym of Anchiale briareus (Gray, 1834) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
alexis Westwood, 1859: 94 (Aschipasma)
3 PLT: 2 ♂ & 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, Sarawak, [18]56-44 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E)
#845144-845146]. The lectotype ♂, designated by Bragg, 2006: 14, and 2 additional paralectotypes (2 ♀) are in
OXUM.
= Parorthomeria alexis (Westwood, 1859) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
alldridgei Kirby, 1905: 279 (Palophus)
2 ST: 1 ♂ [SIERRA LEONE:] West Central Africa, Sherbro, Bonthe, 1904-295 (Mr. T. J. Alldridge) [BMNH(E)
#844923]; 1 ♀ ‘W. Africa’: [18]98-114 [error—Register entry 1898-115] (Swanzy) [BMNH(E) #844924].
= Bactrododema alldridgei (Kirby, 1905) (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
alpheus Westwood, 1859: 112 (Platycrania)
♀ LT & 2 PLT: LT SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]50-9 [error; locality probably Phillipines, Hsiung, 1991: 171]
[BMNH(E) #845068]; 2 PLT: 1♀ & 1♀ nymph PHILIPPINES:[18]42-22 (Mr. Cumming) [BMNH(E) #845069-
845070]. Lectotype designated by Kevan in Hsiung, 1991: 172.
= Megacrania alpheus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
amathia Westwood, 1859: 11 (Bacillus)
♀ HT: INDIA: N. India, [18]60-15 (Pres. East India Company) [BMNH(E) #845006].
= Ramulus amathia (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
amaurops Westwood, 1859: 43 (Stheneboea)
1 PLT: 1 ♀ nymph [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, Sarawak, [18]56-44 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E)
#844594]. The lectotype ♀ designated by Bragg, 1992: 299, is in OXUM.
= Staelonchodes amaurops (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
amoena Redtenbacher, 1906: 110 (Agrostia)
3 ST: 2 ♂ PANAMA: Bugaba, 800-1,500 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845293, 845295]; 1
♂ PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, 2-3,000 ft (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845294]. There is an
additional syntype (1 ♂) in NHMW.
= Agrostia amoena Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
amplectens Redtenbacher, 1908: 409 (Bostra)
♂ HT: COSTA RICA: Caché (H. Rogers, Godman Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844501].
= Alienobostra amplectens (Redtenbacher, 1908) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
amplior Brock, 1999a: 56 (Asceles tanarata)
♂ HT & 7 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Pahang, Fraser’s Hill, 4,000 ft., 6.vi.1941 (H. M. Pendlebury) [BMNH(E)
#844740]; 7 PT: 5 ♂ same data as holotype; 1 ♀ same data as holotype, except 7.vi.1941; 1 ♀ same data as
holotype, except 4,200 ft., 12.vii.1936 [BMNH(E) #844741-844747].
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= Asceles tanarata amplior Brock, 1999 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
annulatus Westwood, 1859: 14 (Bacillus)
♂ HT: Locality not known [probably SOUTH AFRICA] (Pres. Imp[erial] Inst[itute] [of] Ent[omology])
[BMNH(E) #844867].
= Clonaria annulata (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
apiensis Bragg, 1995a: 35 (Hoploclonia)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Gunung Mulu National Park, Gunung Api Summit, 1,710 m., 26.iv.1978 (J. D.
Holloway et al., R.G.S. Expedition 1977-8) [BMNH(E) #845215].
= Junior subjective synonym of Hoploclonia cuspidata cuspidata Redtenbacher, 1906 (Heteropterygidae:
Obriminae: Tisamenini)
apollonius Westwood, 1859: 181 (Phibalosoma)
2 ST: 1 ♀ FIJI: Vanua Levu, [18]58-172 [BMNH(E) #845032], selected as lectotype by Hennemann & Conle but
not yet published; 1 ♀ FIJI: Vanua Levu, ix.1857, [18]58-172 (F. M. Rayner Esq., RN, Surgeon, H.M.S. Herald)
[BMNH(E) #845033], selected as paralectotype.
= Hermarchus apollonius (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Stephanacridini)
appendiculata Kirby, 1904b: 446 (Ignacia)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [PERU:] Amazon, Nanta, [18]58-77 (Degand) [BMNH(E) #845289-845290].
= Ignacia appendiculata Kirby, 1904 (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Pseudophasmatini)
appendiculatus Bragg, 2001: 326 (Presbistus)
11 PT: 2 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kallang Waterfall, 12.ix.1986 (C. L. Chan & Poon); 4 ♀ same data except
25.vi.1986 (C. L. Chan & Huisman); 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Ulu Dusun, 01.vi.1984 (Simon Wilkie); 1 ♂
[MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Sepilok Forest Reserve, 20.ix.1982 (Shinji Nagai); 1 ♂ same data except 17.vi.1994 (C. L.
Chan, F. Seow, K. M. Wong & A. Chung); 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Crocker Range, Mile 7, Kimanis Logging
Road, 1,500-2,000 m., 26.v.1988 (Eric Khoo); 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA: Sabah,] Lahad Datu, Ladang Tanming, attracted
to house lights, 09.v.1988 (J. T. S. Pan) [BMNH(E) #845372, 878171-878179, 878219]. The ♂ holotype is in
RMNH. There are 11 additional paratypes (3 ♂ & 8 ♀) in FRCS (1 ♀), OXUM (2 ♀), RMNH (1 ♂ & 4 ♀) and
YUMS (2 ♂ & 1 ♀).
= Presbistus appendiculatus Bragg, 2001 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
armata Brunner, 1907: 317 (Paradiapheromera)
♂ HT: [PANAMA:] V. de Chiriqui, 4,000-5,000 ft. (Champion, Godman Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844535].
= Oncotophasma armatum (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
armatum Gray, 1835: 26 (Phasma)
♀ HT: [GUYANA:] Demerara, Georgetown, [18]44-22 (Purch. Mr. Birch) [BMNH(E) #845285].
= Pseudophasma armatum (Gray, 1835) (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Pseudophasmatini)
athanysus Westwood, 1859: 174 (Phyllium)
♀ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #845230].
= Phyllium (Phyllium) athanysus Westwood, 1859 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Phylliini)
atricoxis Westwood, 1859: 146 (Necroscia)
♀ HT: INDIA: ‘East Ind.’, Mysore, [1849-37] (Mrs. Hamilton) [BMNH(E) #844827] incorrectly labelled as
[18]44-84/89 or [18]63-46.
= Sipyloidea atricoxis (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
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australis Kirby, 1896a: 472 (Heteropteryx)
♂ LT & 1 ♀ PLT: AUSTRALIA: [18]73-12 (Purch. Mr. Janson). Lectotype designated by Bragg, locality probably
in error, 1998: 21 [BMNH(E) #844211-844212].
= Junior subjective synonym of Haaniella grayii (Westwood, 1859) (Heteropterygidae: Heteropteryginae:
Heteropterygini)
batesii Kirby, 1896a: 452 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT: [INDONESIA:] Buru ‘Boroo/Borou’, [18]63-8 (Mr. A. R. Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844660].
= Menexenus batesii (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
batesii Kirby, 1896a: 471 (Megacrania)
♀ LT & 4 PLT: LT SOLOMON ISLANDS: [18]87-3 (C. M. Woodford) [BMNH(E) #845071]; 4 PLT: 1 ♀
[INDONESIA:] Aru [Island], Wokan Dobbo, ix.1874 (Challenger Coll.); 1 ♀ nymph [INDONESIA:] Kei Dulan,
25.ix.1874 (Challenger Coll.); 2 ♀ [INDONESIA:] Kei I[sland], [18]88-100 (Pres. Capt. Langen) [BMNH(E)
#845072-845075]. Lectotype designated by Hsiung & Yang, 2000: 71, prior to Bragg, 2001: 402.
= Megacrania batesii Kirby, 1896 (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
baucis Westwood, 1859: 21 (Bacteria)
2 ST: 2 ♀ NEPAL: ‘Nepaul’, [18]40-7.23.4 (Swainson Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844671-844672].
= Myronides baucis (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
beecheyi Gray, 1835: 21 (Bacillus)
♀ HT: VANUATU: Éfaté ‘Sandwich Islands’ [BMNH(E) #844595].
= Lonchodes beecheyi (Gray, 1835) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
berosus Westwood, 1859: 168 (Prisopus)
2 ST: 2 ♂ PANAMA: [18]56-28 (Purch. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #845172-845173].
= Prisopus berosus Westwood, 1859 (Prisopodidae: Prisopodinae: Prisopodini)
bicolor Kirby, 1904a: 376 (Promachus (?))
♂ LT & 1 ♀ PLT: [VIETNAM:] Tonkin, Than-Moi, vi-vii.- 1902-292 (Herr Frühstorfer) [BMNH(E) #844800-
844801]. Lectotype designated by Hennemann, 2007: 17.
= Andropromachus bicolor (Kirby, 1904) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
bilobatum Gray, 1843: 120 (Phyllium)
♀ HT: PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]42-72 [probably error for 1842-22] (Purch. H. Cuming) [BMNH(E)
#845231].
= Phyllium (Phyllium) bilobatum Gray, 1843 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Phylliini)
bipunctata Cliquennois & Brock, 2004: 6 (Monoiognosis)
3 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ MAURITIUS: Brise Fer-Mare Longue, 500 m., 10-15.iii.2001 (N. Cliquennois); 1 ♀
MAURITIUS: Les Mares, Pigeon Wood, 11.v.2002 (N. Cliquennois) [BMNH(E) #845343-845345]. The ♂
holotype is in MNHN. There are 25 additional paratypes (8 ♂ & 17 ♀) in MHNG (1 ♂ & 2 ♀), MHNR (1 ♂ & 2
♀), MNHN (1 ♂ & 5 ♀), MSIRI (1 ♂ & 3 ♀), P. D. Brock (3 ♂ & 3 ♀) and S. Hugel (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) Colls. Eggs
deposited in all collections.
= Monoiognosis bipunctata Cliquennois & Brock, 2004 (Anareolatae, incertae sedis)
bogotensis Kirby, 1896a: 474 (Stratocles)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ COLOMBIA: Bogota, [18]89-157 (Pres. Senor Vergara, Bogota) [BMNH(E) #845313-845314].
= Parastratocles bogotensis (Kirby, 1896) (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
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bootanicus Westwood, 1859: 43 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT: BHUTAN: ‘Bootan’, [18]60-15 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Company) [BMNH(E) #844764].
= Lopaphus bootanicus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
borneensis Bragg, 1995c: 106 (Lopaphus)
1 PT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mount Kinabalu National Park, 5,200 ft., 1.v.1986 (C. L. Chan & M. Y. Chan)
[BMNH(E) #845358]. The ♀ holotype is in RMNH. There are 13 additional paratypes (9 ♂ & 4 ♀) in RMNH (8 ♂
& 4 ♀) and P. E. Bragg Coll. (1 ♂).
= Lopaphus borneensis Bragg, 1995 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
borneensis Bragg, 1998: 70 (Datames borneensis)
♀ HT & 11 PT & egg: HT [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Mt Serapi, 120 m., 26.vii.1991 (P. E. Bragg) [BMNH(E)
#845190]. 11 PT & egg: 1 ♂ same data as holotype, except 100 m., 5.viii.1992; 1 ♂ 240 m., 26.vii.1991; 1 ♂
nymph 26.vii.1991; 1 ♀ nymph [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Mt Santubong, 100 m., 31.vii.1992; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:]
Sarawak, Kampung Bengoh, 31.vii.1989; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Kampung Bengoh, Gunung Sunana,
30.vii.1989; 1 ♂ nymph [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, 20 km. upstream of Kampung Bengoh, 31.vii.1989; 1 ♂, 1 ♂
nymph [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Bau, near Wind Cave, 8.viii.1992; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Niah N.P.,
17.iii.1992; 1 ♂ same data as holotype, except 28.x.1994; 1 egg [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Gunung Sebakam, nr.
Kampung. Bengoh, 29.vii.1989 (all P. E. Bragg) [BMNH(E) #845191-845202]. 1 ♂ nymph [MALAYSIA:]
Sarawak, 1910-116 (J. E. A. Lewis) was labelled as paratype by Bragg but not listed as such. There are 20
additional paratypes & eggs (number unspecified) (12 ♂ & 6 ♀, 1 ♀ nymph, 1
st
instar nymph), as follows: BPBM
(1 ♂), DCMD (1 ♂), MCSN (1 ♂), NHMN (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), NHMW (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), NHRS (1 ♂), OXUM (1 ♂ & 1 ♀),
RMNH (1 ♂, 1 ♀ & egg), SMSM (1 ♂ & 2 ♀), SMTD (1 ♂), ZMHB (1 ♂), and P. E. Bragg Coll. (1 ♂ & 1 ♀
nymph, 1
st
instar nymph & eggs).
= Pylaemenes borneensis (Bragg, 1998) (Heteropterygidae: Dataminae)
borneensis Hennemann & Conle, 2008: 99 (Pharnacia borneensis)
♂ HT & 3 PT: HT [MALAYSIA:] Sabah ‘N. Borneo’, Mt. Kinabalu, Mesilau Camp, 1–5.iv.1964, 5000 ft (S. Kueh,
Royal Soc. Exped.) [BMNH(E) #845012]; 3 PT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kinabalu N.P., 5,000ft., 26.ix-
15.x.1983 (A. Harman) [BMNH(E) #845011]; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah ‘N. Borneo’, Kudasang, 24.v.1984, (C. L.
Chan & J. Cocking) [BMNH(E) #845368]; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA: Sabah], Kinabalu N.P., v.1986 (C. L. Chan)
[BMNH(E) #845367]. There are 7 additional paratypes & eggs (5 ♂ & 2 ♀) in KNP (3 ♂), RMNH (1 ♀), also P. E.
Bragg (2 ♂ & 2 eggs), F. Hennemann (10 eggs) and M. Herbert (1 ♀) Colls.
= Pharnacia borneensis Hennemann & Conle, 2008 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
brachyxipha Uvarov, 1939b: 556 (Burria)
♀ HT & 2 PT: HT [YEMEN:] ‘Aden’, (Major Yerbury) [BMNH(E) #844863]; 2 PT: 1 ♀ [SAUDI ARABIA:]
Talha, 2.xii.1936 (H. St J. Philby) [BMNH(E) #844864]; 1 ♀ nymph [SAUDI] ARABIA: Ktubu (G. W. Bury)
[BMNH(E) #844865].
= Burria brachyxipha Uvarov, 1939 (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
brasiliensis Kirby, 1904b: 432 (Tersomia)
♀ HT: [BRAZIL:] Iguarassu, [1888-82 (Mr. G. Ramage, Pres. Rev. T. C. Ramage)] [BMNH(E) #844942].
= Tersomia brasiliensis Kirby, 1904 (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Paraleptyniini)
brevicerci Hasenpusch & Brock, 2007: 23 (Sipyloidea)
1 PT: 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: north Queensland, Polly Creek, Garradunga, nr. Innisfail, 13-19.ii.2006 (J. Hasenpusch
& P. D. Brock) [BMNH(E) #844828]. The ♀ holotype is in QM. There are 12 additional paratypes (4 ♂ & 8 ♀) in
QM (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), ANIC (1 ♀), P. D. Brock (4 ♀) and J. Hasenpusch (3 ♂ & 2 ♀) Colls.
= Sipyloidea brevicerci Hasenpusch & Brock, 2007 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
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brevicornis Kirby, 1889b: 504 (Abrachia)
2 ST: 2 ♀ [BRAZIL:] Theresopolis, [18]88-137 (Purch. Herr Frühstorfer) [BMNH(E) #844934-844935].
= Cladoxerus brevicornis (Kirby, 1889) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Cladoxerini)
brevipes Gray, 1835: 19 (Lonchodes)
♂ HT: [INDIA:] Malabar, [18]40-3.30.712 (Purch. Mr. Children) [BMNH(E) #844596]. Locality probably
MALAYSIA, not India (Brock, 1995: 84).
= Lonchodes brevipes Gray, 1835 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
brueckneri Hennemann & Conle, 2006: 219 (Trachyaretaon)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ PHILIPPINES: ‘Philippinen’, Babuyan Islands, Calayan Id., 2004-2005, (from culture ‘ex.
Zucht.’, F. Hennemann / O. Conle, ‘F1-Generation, 2004’) [BMNH(E) #845226-845227]. The ♂ holotype is in
ZSMC. There are 95 additional paratypes (53 ♂ & 42 ♀, also eggs), as follows: in ZSMC (1 ♀), UPLB (1 ♂ & 1
♀), NHMW (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), ZMHB (2 ♂ & 2 ♀), O. Conle (26 ♂ & 25 ♀) and F. Hennemann (23 ♂ & 12 ♀) Colls.
= Trachyaretaon brueckneri Hennemann & Conle, 2006 (Heteropterygidae: Obriminae: Obrimini)
brunneus Gray, 1833: 22 (Bacillus)
♀ HT: AUSTRALIA: [Western Australia], Swan River, [18]44-22 (Alexander Collie, Children Coll., Purch. Mr.
Birch) [BMNH(E) #844980].
= Arphax brunneus (Gray, 1833) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthomimini)
bubastes Westwood, 1859: 159 (Metriotes)
♀ HT: BRAZIL: Amazon, Tapajós River ‘Banks of the Rio Tapayos’, [18]53-27 (Bates, Purch. Stevens)
[BMNH(E) #845328].
= Olinta bubastes (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
bufo Westwood, 1848: 77 (Phasma (Acanthoderus))
3 ST: 1 ♂ & 2 ♀ PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]44-22 (Purch. Mr. Birch) [BMNH(E) #845222-845224].
There is an additional syntype (1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Obrimus bufo (Westwood, 1848) (Heteropterygidae: Obriminae: Obrimini)
bushelli Bragg, 2005: 19 (Lonchodes bushelli)
♀ HT & 3 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Sabah, Kinabalu N.P., Liwagi Trail (Power station end), 26.viii.2001 (P. E. Bragg,
Ref. PEB-3283) [BMNH(E) #844598]; 3 PT: 1 ♂, 1 ♂ nymph, 1 ♀ nymph, same data as holotype (Refs. PEB-
3210, 3233 & 3234) [BMNH(E) #844599-844601]. There are 6 additional paratypes (4 ♂ & 2 ♀) in P. E. Bragg
Coll.
= Mnesilochus bushelli (Bragg, 2005) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
caii Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000a: 139 (Baculum)
♂ HT: CHINA: Hong Kong, Victoria Peak ‘The Peak’, Peel Rise, reared, killed ix.[19]95 (F. Seow-Choen)
[BMNH(E) #845007]. There are 2 paratypes (1 ♂ & 1♀) in F. Seow-Choen Coll.
= Ramulus caii (Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
cambridgei Kirby, 1904b: 448 (Pseudophasma)
♀ HT: [BRAZIL:] Lower Amazon, Forest Santarem, iii.1896 (Mr. F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, during the voyage of
S.S. Faraday) [BMNH(E) #845286].
= Pseudophasma cambridgei Kirby, 1904 (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Pseudophasmatini)
capensis Brock, 2005: 31 (Gratidiinilobus)
2 PT: 1 ♂ [SOUTH AFRICA:] Cape Province, between Aberdeen and Somerset East, 18.x.1955 (B. P. Uvarov)
[BMNH(E) #844916]; 1 ♀ SOUTH AFRICA: Cape Province, Longhope, xii.1926 (Mrs. Ethel Gough) [BMNH(E)
#844917]. The ♀ holotype and 2 additional paratypes (2 ♀) are in SANC.
= Gratidiinilobus capensis Brock, 2004 (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
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carinatus Kirby, 1902a: 46 (Hyrtacus)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [SOUTH AFRICA:] Barberton, 1911-383 (Rendall, W. L. Distant Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844580-
844581].
= Junior subjective synonym of Bactricia bituberculata (Schaum, 1857) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae,
Diapheromerini)
carinulatus Brunner, 1907: 334 (Bacunculus)
2 ST: 1 ♂ [MEXICO:] Guerrero, Sierra de las Aguas Escondidas, 7,000 ft., vii.- (H. H. Smith, Godman & Salvin
Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844551]; 1 ♂ MEXICO: Ciudad, 8,100 ft. (Forrer, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E)
#844550].
= Pseudosermyle carinulata (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
carlbergi Beccaloni, 1993: 115 (Extatosoma)
♀ HT & 1 PT: HT PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Morobe Province, Wau, golf course, c. 1,150 m., 14.viii.1990 (G. W.
Beccaloni) [BMNH(E) #845084]; 1 PT : 1 ♀ PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Morobe Province, Wantoat, 1.xii.1957 (R.
W. Paine) [BMNH(E) #845085]. There are 3 additional paratypes (3 ♀) in BPBM.
= Junior subjective synonym of Extatosoma popa Stål, 1875 (Phasmatidae: Extatosomatinae)
carterus Westwood, 1859: 138 (Necroscia)
2 ST: 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: ‘New Holland’, N. & N.W. Coast & Houtman’s Abrolhos, [18]44-4 (B. Bynoe, Pres.
Haslar Hospital) [BMNH(E) #844750]; 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: ‘North Austr.’, [18]57-134 (J.R. Elsey Esq., Surgeon
to the late Exploring expedition under Mr. Gregory) [BMNH(E) #844751].
= Austrosipyloidea carterus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
carunculifer Bragg, 2001: 328 (Presbistus)
1 PT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Sepilok, 30.ix.2000 (Tham Nyip Shen, C. L. Chan, A. Chung & Au Kam Wah)
[BMNH(E) #878170]. The ♂ holotype is in RMNH. There are 4 additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 3 ♀) in CUMZ (1 ♂)
and RMNH (3 ♀).
= Presbistus carunculifer Bragg, 2001 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
catadromus Westwood, 1859: 94 (Aschipasma)
♀ LT & 1 ♀ PLT: [INDONESIA:] Sumatra, ‘Belonged to Sir Stamford Raffles & are chiefly from Sumatra’,
[18]54-76 (Mr. Raffles, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845139-845140]. Lectotype designated by Vallotto et al,
2016: 52. There is an additional paralectotype (1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Junior subjective synonym of Orthomeria pandora (Westwood, 1859) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae:
Aschiphasmatini)
catori Kirby, 1896a: 454 (Lonchodes)
♂ LT: [MALAYSIA: Sabah,] Sandakan, 28.ii.[18]93 [BMNH(E) #844613]. Lectotype designated by Bragg, 1996:
32. ♀ nymph paralectotype not traced.
= Junior subjective synonym of Lonchodes everetti (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
ceramia Westwood, 1859: 141 (Necroscia)
♂ HT: [INDONESIA:] Seram ‘Ceram’, [18]55-8 (Madame Ida Pfeiffer, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844829].
= Sipyloidea ceramia (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
cerberus Westwood, 1859: 19 (Anisomorpha)
♂ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]53-88 (Mr. Thwaites, Purch. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844582].
= Charmides cerberus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Tribe uncertain)
championi Redtenbacher, 1908: 410 (Bostra)
♂ HT: GUATEMALA: Vera Paz, Cahabon (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844513].
= Bostra championi Redtenbacher, 1908 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
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chani Bragg, 2001: 552 (Diesbachia)
6 PT: 1 ♂ nymph [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kinabalu Park, near HQ, 1,580 m., 1.vi.1986 (C. L. Chan & M. Y. Chan);
1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kinabalu Park, Silau Silau Trail, 21.ix.1991, (C. L. Chan); 1 ♂ nymph, same data
except 19.iv.1993 (C.L. Chan & Seow); 2 ♂ nymphs, same data except 27.vii.1990, (P. E. Bragg, C. L. Chan & P.
Jennings); 1 ♀ nymph, [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mount Silam, Lahad [as Lahat] Datu, 2,000 ft., (W. Mrazek) [All
labelled as ‘microptera’] [BMNH(E) #845360-845365]. The ♂ holotype and 1 paratype (1 ♂ nymph) are in the P.
E. Bragg Coll.
= Diesbachia chani Bragg, 2001 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
chani Bragg, 2008: 138 (Phobaeticus)
♀ HT & 1 PT: HT [MALAYSIA:] Borneo, Sabah, Penampang District, Ulu Moyog, c. 650 m., 25.ii.1989 (Native
coll[ector]) [also 3 eggs removed from body] [BMNH(E) #845013]; 1 PT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Borneo, Sabah,
Sipitang, 15.iv.1983 (Yong Ah Lok) [BMNH(E) #845366]. There is an additional paratype (1 ♀) in FRCS.
= Phobaeticus chani Bragg, 2008 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
chani Seow-Choen, 1998: 44 (Dajaca)
♀ HT & 2 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Borneo, Sabah, Mt Kinabalu, Silau Silau Trail, 5,200 ft., 19.vi.1993 (C. L. Chan
& F. Seow-Choen); 1 ♂ same data as holotype; 1♀ MALAYSIA: Borneo, Sabah, Mt Kinabalu, c. 5,200 ft.,
24.iv.1982 (C. L. Chan & V. K. Low) [BMNH(E) #878223-878225]. There is an additional PT (1 ♂) in NUS.
= Dajaca chani Seow-Choen, 1998 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Dajacini)
childrenii Gray, 1833: 18 (Trigonoderus)
1 ST: 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: ‘S. Australia’, between Sydney & Moreton Bay, [18]56-94 (Mr. Stutchbury, Purch.
Cuming) [BMNH(E) #845096]. There is an additional syntype (1 ♀) in MVMA.
= Tropidoderus childrenii (Gray, 1833) (Phasmatidae: Tropidoderinae: Tropidoderini)
chocoense Hennemann & Conle, 2012b: 83 (Rhynchacris)
♀ HT: COLOMBIA: Andagoya, River Condoto, Choco, 1916-273 (Dr. H. G. F. Spurrell) [BMNH(E) #845203].
= Rhynchacris chocoense Hennemann & Conle, 2012b (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Hesperophasmatini)
ciliata Brunner, 1907: 313 (Ocnophila)
♀ HT: [MEXICO:] Guerrero, Amula, 6,000 ft., viii.- (H. H. Smith, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844572].
There are also 2 nymphs from MEXICO: Vera Paz, Panzos (Godman & Salvin Coll.) not mentioned by Brunner,
but referred to by Shelford (1909).
= Ocnophila ciliata Brunner, 1907 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Ocnophilini)
cneius Westwood, 1859: 124 (Phasma)
3 ST: 2 ♂ & 1 ♀ BRAZIL: Villa Nova, (Mr. Bates) [BMNH(E) #845333-845335]. There is an additional syntype (1
♂) in OXUM.
= Prexaspes (Prexaspes) cneius (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
coccophages Newport, 1844: 288 (Alopus)
2 ST: 1♀ SAMOA: ‘Nav[igator] Is[lands]’, [BMNH(E) #845063]; 1♀ SAMOA: ‘Nav[igator] Is[lands]’, (Banks
Coll., NHMUK) [BMNH(E) #669495].
= Junior subjective synonym of Graeffea crouanii (Le Guillou, 1841) (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
coccyx Westwood, 1859: 6 (Bacillus)
2 ST: 1 ♀ SOUTH AFRICA: S. Africa [BMNH(E) #845178]; 1 ♀ SOUTH AFRICA: S. Africa, [18]40-4.26.584
[BMNH(E) #845179].
= Junior subjective synonym of Phalces brevis (Burmeister, 1838) (Bacillidae: Bacillinae: Phalcini)
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confucius Westwood, 1859: 46 (Lonchodes)
2 ST: 1 ♂ CHINA: N. China [BMNH(E) #844611]; 1 ♀ CHINA: N. China, [18]54-8 (Mr. Fortune’s Coll.)
[BMNH(E) #844612].
= Phraortes confucius (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
corniceps Gray, 1835: 25 (Phasma)
♂ HT: [GUYANA:] Demerara, [18]44-22 (Purch. Mr. Birch) [BMNH(E) #845342].
= Junior subjective synonym of Creoxylus spinosus (Fabricius, 1775) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae:
Xerosomatini)
cornutus Kirby, 1896a: 459 (Dixippus)
♀ HT: CHINA: Hong Kong [18]61-49 (J.C. Bowring Esq.) [BMNH(E) #844712].
= Junior subjective synonym of Phraortes stomphax (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
costaricensis Hennemann, 2002a: 8 (Phanocles)
♂ HT & 4 PT: HT From culture stock, COSTA RICA: Puntarenas Province, Monteverde, viii.1989 (A. J. E.
Harman), bred England, Essex, Hockley, 18.vi.1992 [BMNH(E) #844542]; 4 PT: 1 ♂ & 3 ♀: same data as
holotype, except 1 ♀ 11.xii.1992, 1 ♀ 11.xi.1992, 1 ♂ 14.xi.1990, 1 ♀ COSTA RICA: Puntarenas Province,
Monteverde, 16.viii.1989 (A. J. E. Harman) [BMNH(E) #844543-844544 & BMNH(E) #844591-844592]. There
are 10 additional paratypes (2 ♂, 8 ♀ & 6 eggs) in ANSP (1 ♀), INBC (1 ♀), NHMW (1 ♀), OXUM (1 ♀), also P.
E. Bragg (1 ♂, 1 ♀ & 2 eggs), P. D. Brock (1 ♀), F. Hennemann (1 ♂, 1 ♀ & 4 eggs) & O. Zompro (1 ♀) Colls.
= Phanocles costaricensis Hennemann, 2002 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
crassus Kirby, 1889b: 502 (Pterinoxylus)
♀ HT: DOMINICA: La Plume, iii.1889 [18]89-23 (Mr. Ramage, Pres. West Indian Commission) [BMNH(E)
#844938].
= Pterinoxylus crassus Kirby, 1889 (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Pterinoxylini)
cresphontes Westwood, 1859: 68 (Anophelepis)
♀ HT: INDIA: N. India, Sikkim Himalayas [18]54-16 (Dr. Hooker) [BMNH(E) #845379]. Described by
Westwood, 1859 as a small female of Anophelepis despecta, listed by Redtenbacher, 1908: 475 as a valid species.
= Oxyartes cresphontes (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
crishna Westwood, 1859: 44 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT: [INDONESIA:] Java, [18]79-64 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Museum) [BMNH(E) #844765].
= Lopaphus crishna (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
cristatus Kirby, 1896a: 457 (Hermagoras)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA: Sarawak] ‘North Borneo’ Baram District, [18]94-138 (Mr. C. Hose) [BMNH(E) #844622].
= Junior subjective synonym of Lonchodes hosei Kirby, 1896 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
crudelis Westwood, 1859: 24 (Bacteria)
♂ HT: W[est] Indies: ‘India Occidentali’, (Forstrom) [BMNH(E) #844510].
= Junior subjective synonym of Bacteria ferula (Fabricius, 1793) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae:
Diapheromerini)
crudele Westwood, 1859: 96 (Aschipasma)
♀ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #845151].
= Presbistus crudelis (Westwood, 1859) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
cryphaleus Westwood, 1859: 78 (Phibalosoma)
♂ HT: BRAZIL: [18]52-114 (Pres. Dr. Busk, Dreadnought) [BMNH(E) #844940].
= Cladoxerus cryphaleus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Cladoxerini)
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cuniculus Westwood, 1859: 9 (Bacillus)
1 ST: 1 ♀ SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #844988]. Other specimens mentioned by
Westwood from Java and Silhet have not been traced.
= Cuniculina cunicula (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
cuprinus Bragg, 2001: 312 (Orthomeria)
♀ HT & 2 PT: HT [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Tarum (near Debak), with eggs (number not specified), collected
mating with PEB-2198, 25.x.1994 (P. E. Bragg, ref. PEB-2197) [BMNH(E) #845147]; 2 PT: 1 ♂, same data as
holotype, ref. PEB-2198 [BMNH(E) #845148] (another 1 ♂ marked PEB-2209 as PT is not mentioned in the
original description); 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mile 25, Ranau Road, 10.v.1983 (Fujimura) [BMNH(E)
#878216]. There are 25 additional paratypes (10 ♂ & 15 ♀, also an unspecified number of eggs) as follows: CUMZ
(2 ♂), OXUM (1 ♂), RMNH (9 ♀), P. E. Bragg (7 ♂ & 5 ♀) and M. Herbert (1 ♀) Colls.
= Orthomeria cuprinus Bragg, 2001 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
curvipes Redtenbacher, 1892: 207 (Phanocles)
3 ST: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 1 ♀ nymph ST VINCENT & THE GRENADINES: West Indies, St Vincent, windward side, [&]
leeward side near Cumberland, 152m ‘500 ft.’ (H. H. Smith); additional data 1 ♂ Lot 14 Estate, ix.- [18]95-206
[BMNH(E) #844539]; 1 ♀ [BMNH(E) #844541]; 1 ♀ nymph [18]94-135 [BMNH(E) #844540].
= Junior subjective synonym of Paraphanocles keratosqueleton (Olivier, 1792) (Diapheromeridae:
Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
cyllabacus Westwood, 1859: 45 (Lonchodes)
3 ST: 1 ♀ SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]53-23 (Thwaites, Purch. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844713]; 1 ♀ SRI LANKA:
‘Ceylon’ [BMNH(E) #844714]; 1 ♀ SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #844715].
= Prisomera cyllabacum (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
cyllarus Westwood, 1859: 155 (Necroscia)
♂ LT & PLT: LT JAMAICA: 397♂ [BMNH(E) #845251], 1 ♀ PLT: JAMAICA: 397♀ [18]47-62 (Purch. Mr.
Gosse) [BMNH(E) #845252]. Lectotype designated by Conle & Hennemann, 2002: 49.
= Malacomorpha cyllarus (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini)
cyphus Westwood, 1859: 24 (Bacteria)
♂ HT: Locality not known [18]40-4.2.1297 (Purch. Mr. Children) [BMNH(E) #844538].
= Junior subjective synonym of Paraphanocles keratosqueleton (Olivier, 1792) (Diapheromeridae:
Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
cyprius Uvarov, 1936: 505 (Bacillus)
♀ HT: CYPRUS: Halefga, 31.v.1931 (H. M. Morris) [BMNH(E) #845177].
= Bacillus atticus cyprius Uvarov, 1936 (Bacillidae: Bacillinae: Bacillini)
darnis Westwood, 1859: 97 (Aschipasma)
♂ HT: [INDONESIA:] Java, [18]79-64 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Museum) [BMNH(E) #845152].
= Presbistus darnis (Westwood, 1859) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
darnis Westwood, 1859: 8 (Bacillus)
1 ST: 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Borneo, Sarawak, [18]56-44 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844922].
There are 3 additional syntypes (2 ♂ & 1 ♀) in OXUM. Note: clearly does not belong in the Australian genus
Pachymorpha Gray, 1835.
= Pachymorpha darnis (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Pachymorphini)
daunus Westwood, 1859: 98 (Aschipasma)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [INDONESIA:] Java, [18]79-64 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Museum) [BMNH(E) #845124-
845125].
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= Kerabistus (Kerabistus) daunus (Westwood, 1859) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
dehaanii Westwood, 1859: 83 (Heteropteryx)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, [18]48-40 (Low) [BMNH(E) #845208].
=Haaniella dehaanii (Westwood, 1859) (Heteropterygidae: Heteropteryginae: Heteropterygini)
dentipes Redtenbacher, 1906: 134 (Isagoras)
2 ST: 1 ♂ PANAMA: Bugaba, 800-1,500 ft.; 1 ♂ PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, 2-3,000 ft. (Champion, Godman &
Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845323-845324].
= Isagoras dentipes Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
deplanatum Westwood, 1848: 78 (Phasma (Pachymorpha))
♀ HT: PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #845220].
= Tisamenus deplanata (Westwood, 1848) (Heteropterygidae: Obriminae: Tisamenini)
depressa Brunner, 1907: 327 (Dyme)
3 ST : 1 ♀ nymph GUATEMALA: Las Mercedes, 3000ft.; 1 ♀ nymph GUATEMALA: Vera Paz, Purula; 1 ♀
nymph GUATEMALA: Cerro Zunil, 4,000 ft.; (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844506-844508];
Brunner cited only ‘Les Mercedes (in Mexico ?)’ as the type locality. There is a further ♀ syntype in NHMW.
= Junior subjective synonym of Pseudosermyle phalangiphora (Rehn, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae:
Diapheromerini)
dicranura Uvarov, 1939b: 558 (Gratidia)
♂ HT & 33 PT: HT, 21 ♂ & 12 ♀ PT: SAUDI ARABIA: Desert East of Sheikh Othman, 10 m[iles] N. of Aden, iv-
x.1932 (Mrs. M. C. Rant) [BMNH(E) #844868-844901]; Uvarov refers to 19 ♂ & 9 ♀ paratypes and may have
excluded nymphs; all material mentioned is labelled as part of the type series. Various dates, holotype 24.x.1932.
= Clonaria dicranura (Uvarov, 1939) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
dilatipes Gray, 1835: 15 (Cladomorphus)
♀ HT nymph: BRAZIL: [18]44-22 (Purch. Mr. Birch) [BMNH(E) #844936].
= Junior subjective synonym of Cladomorphus phyllinus (Gray, 1835) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae:
Cladomorphini)
dipneusticum Wood-Mason, 1878: 102 (Cotylosoma)
♀ HT: FIJI: Taviuni [BMNH(E) #845099].
= Cotylosoma dipneusticum Wood-Mason, 1878 (Phasmatidae: Xeroderinae)
discors Brunner, 1907: 324 (Dyme)
4 PLT: 4 ♂ [PANAMA:] V. de Chiriqui, below 4,000 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844516-
844519]. The lectotype ♂ designated by Zompro, 2001b: 205 is in NHMW.
= Calynda discors (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
ditomus Westwood, 1859: 78 (Phibalosoma)
♂ HT: BRAZIL: ‘Brazil (chiefly)’, [18]43-42 (Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844941].
= Cladoxerus ditomus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Cladoxerini)
doddi Hasenpusch & Brock, 2007: 43 (Spinosipyloidea)
1 PT: 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: Queensland, 1907-129 (F. P. D o d d ) [BMNH(E) #844834]. The ♀ holotype is in QM.
There are 10 additional paratypes (5 ♂ & 5 ♀) in QM (3 ♂ & 1 ♀), P. D. Brock (1 ♀) and J. Hasenpusch (2 ♂ & 3
♀) Colls. Eggs (not regarded as paratypes) deposited in all collections referred to above.
= Spinosipyloidea doddi Hasenpusch & Brock, 2007 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
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dolomedes Westwood, 1859: 13 (Bacillus)
♀ HT: AUSTRALIA: ‘New Holland’ [BMNH(E) #844983].
= Arphax dolomedes (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthomimini)
ega Westwood, 1859: 120 (Phasma)
♀ HT: [BRAZIL:] Amazon, Tefé ‘Ega’, [18]57-20 (Mr. Bates, Purch. Stevens)
[BMNH(E) #845296].
= Agrostia ega (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
elegantior Brunner, 1907: 308 (Libethra)
♀ HT [abdomen broken off] : [MEXICO:] Guerrero, Omilteme, 800 ft., vii.- (H. H. Smith, Godman & Salvin Coll.)
[BMNH(E) #844531].
= Sermyle elegantior (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
elongatus Brunner, 1907: 335 (Bacunculus)
♂ HT: [MEXICO:] Guerrero, Dos Arroyos, 1,000 ft., ix.- (H. H. Smith, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E)
#844556].
= Pseudosermyle elongata (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
emesa Westwood, 1859: 30 (Bacteria)
♂ HT: Locality not known: ‘˗ ?’, [18]42-4.2.1335 [BMNH(E) #845236].
= Heteronemia emesa (Westwood, 1859) (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Heteronemiini)
episcopalis Kirby, 1896a: 466 (Ischnopoda)
1 ST: 1 ♀ TANZANIA: ‘Tanganyika’, [18]93-155 [BMNH(E) #844925]; Second ♀ syntype not traced.
= Bactrododema episcopalis (Kirby, 1896) (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
erechtheus Westwood, 1859: 142 (Necroscia)
♂ LT & 3 PLT: LT SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]50-56 (Dr. Hooker’s Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844830]; 3 PLT: 1 ♂ SRI
LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]53-58 (Mr. Thwaite, Purch. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844832]; 1 ♀ SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’,
[18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #844831]; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’ Sarawak, [18]58-66 (Pres. Stevens)
[BMNH(E) #844833]. Lectotype designated by Seow-Choen, 2016: 247. There are 2 additional paralectotypes (1
♂ & 1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Varieganecroscia erechtheus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
ericoriai Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel, 2009: 21 (Phyllium (Phyllium))
3 PT: 1 ♂ PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]42-72 [probably error for 1842-22] (Purch. Mr. Cuming)
[BMNH(E) #878180]; 1 ♀ PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, ‘Celebes, Manilla’, [18]42-72 [probably error for
1842-22] (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #878181]; 1 ♀ PHILIPPINES, Marinduque Island, vii.1993 [BMNH(E)
#878182]. The ♂ holotype is in OXUM. There are 11 additional paratypes (4 ♂ & 7 ♀ + eggs) in OXUM (1 ♀),
MNHU (1 ♂), ANSP (2 ♀), also in F. Hennemann Coll. (3 ♂ & 4 ♀ + 10 eggs) with 25 eggs in other private
collections.
= Phyllium (Phyllium) ericoriai Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel, 2009 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Phylliini)
euryalus Westwood, 1859: 144 (Necroscia)
♂ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]45-79 (Purch. Rev. J. Wenham) [BMNH(E) #844855].
= Sosibia euryalus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
euterpinus Westwood, 1859: 56 (Acanthoderus)
♂ HT: BRAZIL: [18]40-3.30.710 (Purch. Mr. Children) [BMNH(E) #845243].
= Canuleius euterpinus (Westwood, 1859) (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Pygirhynchini)
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evadne Westwood, 1859: 85 (Haplopus)
♂ HT: [HAITI:] St Domingo, [18]55-1 (Mr. Tweedie, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844943].
= Parhaplopus evadne (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Haplopodini)
everetti Kirby, 1896a: 461 (Phasgania)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] ‘N.W. Borneo’, [18]88-124 [error—Register entry 1888-122] (R. Everett, Purch. Gerrard)
[BMNH(E) #844614].
= Lonchodes everetti (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
exsectum Zompro, 2001a: 73 (Phyllium (Pulchriphyllium))
♀ HT: [PAPUA NEW GUINEA:] Inland of Huon Gulf, Rawlinson Mts, 1939-1 (Keysser, Rothschild Bequest)
[BMNH(E) #845235].
= Phyllium (Pulchriphyllium) exsectum Zompro, 2001 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Phylliini)
fallax Bragg, 2001: 261 (Eurybistus)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ BRUNEI: Teraja, waterfall trail, 3.xi.1994 (P. E. Bragg, ref. PEB-2179 & 2180) [BMNH(E)
#845119-845120]. The ♂ holotype is in RMNH. There are 10 additional paratypes (5 ♂ & 5 ♀) in OXUM (2 ♂ &
3 ♀) and P. E. Bragg Coll. (3 ♂ & 2 ♀)
= Eurybistus fallax Bragg, 2001 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
feruloides Westwood, 1859: 45 (Lonchodes)
2 ST: 1 ♀ PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands [BMNH(E) #845050], selected as lectotype by Hennemann & Conle
but not yet published; 1 ♀ [INDONESIA:] Java, [18]79-64 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Museum) [BMNH(E)
#845051], selected as paralectotype.
= Eucarcharus feruloides (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Stephanacridini)
filiformis Bragg, 1992: 304 (Dajaca)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Bako N.P., 50 m., 20.viii.1989 (P. E. Bragg) [BMNH(E) #845161].
= Dajaca filiformis Bragg, 1992 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Dajacini)
fisheri Gahan, 1912: 54 (Prisopus)
♀ HT: [BRAZIL:] Amazon Valley, River Acre, Xapury, 1912-24 (F. G. Fisher) [BMNH(E) #845174].
= Junior subjective synonym of Prisopus horstokkii (de Haan, 1842) (Prisopodidae: Prisopodinae: Prisopodini)
flavomaculatum Gray, 1835: 25 (Phasma)
♂ HT: BRAZIL: [18]40-4.2.1303 (Children Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845297].
= Anisa flavomaculatus (Gray, 1835) (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
fritzschei Zompro, 2000: 53 (Gratidia)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ THAILAND: Nakhon Ratchasima, Amphoe Pak Chong, Thanon Thannarat km. 7, 101º24´50´E,
14º36´50´N. 300 m., 6.i.1998 (I. Fritzsche) [Ex. Zompro collection, not listed in NHMUK in original publication]
[BMNH(E) #844902-844903]. The ♂ holotype is in O. Zompro Coll. (affiliated with ZMUK). There are an
additional 132 adult paratypes, nymphs and eggs spread between CUMZ, DEIC, MCSN, MHNG, MNHN, NHMW,
OXUM, SMFD, SMTD, UMBB, ZMHB, ZMUH, also I. Fritzsche, F. Hennemann and O. Zompro Colls.
= Clonaria fritzschei (Zompro, 2000) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
furcata Brunner, 1907: 338 (Diapheromera)
3 PLT: 1 ♂(a) & 1 ♀(b) [MEXICO:] Guerrero,Venta de Zopilote, 2,800 ft., a in cop. with b, x.- (H. H. Smith,
Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844533-844534]; 1 ♂ [different species] [MEXICO:] Guerrero, Amula,
6,000 ft. viii.- (H. H. Smith, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844532]. The lectotype ♂ designated by
Zompro, 2001: 212 is in NHMW, presumably a specimen retained by Brunner, who only referred to material in
Godman [& Salvin] Coll., now in NHMUK.
= Megaphasma furcatum (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
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fuscipes Redtenbacher, 1906: 147 (Damasippus)
1 ST: 1 ♂ PANAMA: Bugaba, 800–1,500 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845170]. There are
2 additional syntypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in NHMW.
= Damasippus fuscipes Redtenbacher, 1906 (Prisopodidae: Prisopodinae: Prisopodini)
gadarama Westwood, 1859: 130 (Necroscia)
♀ HT: INDONESIA: Java, [18]79-64 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Museum) [BMNH(E) #844727].
= Asceles gadarama (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
gambrisius Westwood, 1859: 118 (Phasma)
♂ HT [specimen glued onto card, badly damaged]: VENEZUELA: [18]47-24 (Purch. Dyson, Bill 193) [BMNH(E)
#845298].
= Brizoides gambrisius (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
gardineri Bolívar, 1912: 296 (Carausius)
3 ST: 1 ♂ & 2 ♀ SEYCHELLES: Mahé, v-xii.1905 (J. S. Gardiner, Percy Sladen Expedition) [BMNH(E)
#844585-844587]. There are 28 additional syntypes of both sexes in CUMZ and MNMS, exact split not recorded.
= Carausius gardineri (Bolívar, 1912) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
gargantua Hasenpusch & Brock, 2006: 9 (Ctenomorpha)
1 PT: 1 ♂ AUSTRALIA: Queensland, Kuranda, 335 m. elev., (Top of the Range), 19 Butler Dr., 1-15.xi.2005 (D.
C. F. Rentz) [BMNH(E) #878204] The ♂ holotype is in QM; 7 additional paratypes (7 ♂) in QM (1 ♂), ANIC (3
♂), P. D. Brock (1 ♂) and J. Hasenpusch (2 ♂) Colls.
= Ctenomorpha gargantua Hasenpusch & Brock, 2006 (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
garradungensis Hasenpusch & Brock, 2007: 25 (Sipyloidea)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: north Queensland, Polly Creek, Garradunga, nr. Innisfail, 26.x.1997 (P. D. Brock
& J. Hasenpusch) [BMNH(E) #844835-844836]. The ♀ holotype is in QM; 23 additional paratypes (18 ♂ & 5 ♀)
in ANIC (12 ♂ & 5 ♀), QM (1 ♂), P. D. Brock (3 ♂) and J. Hasenpusch (2 ♂) Colls. Eggs (not regarded as
paratypes) deposited in all collections referred to above.
= Sipyloidea garradungensis Hasenpusch & Brock, 2007 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
gecko Westwood, 1859: 52 (Acanthoderus)
♀ LT & 2 ♂ PLT: [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, Sarawak, [18]56-44 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E)
#845216-845218]. Lectotype designated by Bragg, 1995a: 27. There are 6 additional paralectotypes (3 ♂ & 3 ♀) in
OXUM.
= Hoploclonia gecko (Westwood, 1859) (Heteropterygidae: Obriminae: Tisamenini)
gelonus Gray, 1843: 121 (Phyllium)
♂ HT: SEYCHELLES: ‘Sechelles Islands’ not traced.
= Junior subjective synonym of Phyllium (Pulchriphyllium) bioculatum Gray, 1832 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae:
Phylliini)
geryon Gray, 1843: 118 (Phyllium)
♀ HT: PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]42-72 [probably error for 1842-22] (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E)
#845232].
= Phyllium (Phyllium) geryon Gray, 1843 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Phylliini)
gibberum Brock & Seow-Choen, 1995: 25 (Abrosoma)
♂ HT & 2 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Pahang, Cameron Highlands, Tanah Rata, Parit Waterfalls, Track 4, 4,500 ft.,
18.vii.1993 (F. Seow-Choen) [BMNH(E) #845102]; 2 PT: 1 ♀ same data as holotype; 1 ♀ MALAYSIA, Pahang,
Tanah Rata, 4,800 ft., 16.vii.1938 (Selangor Museum collectors) [BMNH(E) #845103-845104].
= Abrosoma gibberum Brock & Seow-Choen, 1999 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
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gigantea Gmélin, 1789: 2055 (Mantis) Replacement name for Mantis gigas Drury, 1773: 89, junior secondary
homonym of Phasma gigas (Linnaeus, 1758: 425).
= Diapherodes gigantea gigantea (Gmelin, 1789) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Haplopodini)
gigas Drury, 1773: 89 ( Mantis) junior secondary homonym of Phasma gigas (Linnaeus, 1758: 425), see gigantea
Gmélin, 1789: 2055 (Mantis)
♀ HT: [WEST INDIES:] St. Vincent [BMNH(E) #878212].
= Diapherodes gigantea gigantea (Gmelin, 1789) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Haplopodini)
glabricollis Gray, 1835: 33 (Diapherodes)
♀ HT: Locality not known [BMNH(E) #844944].
= Junior subjective synonym of Diapherodes jamaicensis (Drury, 1773) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae:
Haplopodini)
godmani Brunner, 1907: 334 (Bacunculus)
2 ST: 2 ♂ [MEXICO:] Guerrero, Amula, 6,000 ft., viii. (H. H. Smith, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E)
#844552-844553]. There is an additional syntype (1 ♂) in NHMW.
= Pseudosermyle godmani (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
godmani Brunner, 1907: 314 (Ocnophila)
2 ST: 1 ♂ [GUATEMALA] Vera Paz, Senahu (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845238]; 1 ♀
[GUATEMALA:] Vera Paz, Purula (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845237].
= Heteronemia godmani (Brunner, 1907) (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Heteronemiini)
godmani Redtenbacher, 1908: 411 (Bostra)
1 ST: 1 ♀ GUATEMALA: Zapote (G. C. Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844502]. There are 2
additional syntypes (2 ♀) in MHNG & NHMW.
= Alienobostra godmani (Redtenbacher, 1908) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
gohi Brock, 1999a: 122 (Trachythorax)
♀ HT: MALAYSIA: Kedah, Mount Jerai, 1987 (D. Goh) [BMNH(E) #844860].
= Trachythorax gohi Brock, 1999 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
gorgus Westwood, 1859: 102 (Lopaphus)
2 ST: 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: Richmond River, [18]53-24 (Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845029]; 1 ♀ ‘- ?’ [18]54-76
(Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845030].
= Onchestus gorgus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
gracilipes Westwood, 1859: 5 (Bacillus)
♂ HT: SIERRA LEONE: [18]38-11.8.157 [BMNH(E) #844904].
= Clonaria gracilipes (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
gracillimus Kirby, 1904a: 373 (Staelonchodes)
4 ST: 4 ♂ [VIETNAM:] Tonkin, Than Moi, vi-vii.- [1902-292] (Herr Frühstorfer) [BMNH(E) #844623-844626].
= Lonchodes gracillimus (Kirby, 1904) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
graminea Redtenbacher, 1906: 113 (Brizoides)
♀ HT: [PANAMA:] Bugaba, 800-1,500 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845299].
= Brizoides graminea Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
grandis Hennemann & Conle, 2007: 41 (Lonchodiodes)
3 PT: 1 ♂ & 2 ♀ PHILIPPINES: ‘Philippinen’, Panay Isl[and], Mt. Nangtud, vii.1997 (Mohagan) [BMNH(E)
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#844655-844657]. The ♂ holotype is in ZSMC. There are 97 additional paratypes (49 ♂, 48 ♀ & 10 eggs) in
NHMW (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), UPPC (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), ZSMC (1 ♂ & 2 ♀) also in P. E. Bragg (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), O. Conle (25 ♂, 25
♀ & 4 eggs) and F. Hennemann (20 ♂, 18 ♀ & 6 eggs) Colls.
= Lonchodiodes grandis Hennemann & Conle, 2006 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
graniferum Westwood, 1859: 35 (Phasma)
♀ HT: PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844708].
= Periphetes graniferum (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
granulatus Kirby, 1896b: 259 (Bathycharax)
♀ HT: [GABON:] Ogooué/Ogowe River ‘River Ogové’ (Miss Kingsley) [BMNH(E) #845176].
= Bathycharax granulatus Kirby, 1896 (Bacillidae: Antongiliinae: Xylicini)
grayii Westwood, 1859: 82 (Heteropteryx)
1 PLT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’ Sarawak, [18]58-66 (Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845210]. The lectotype ♀
designated by Bragg, 1998: 21 and 3 additional paralectotypes (2 ♂ & 1 ♀) are in OXUM. According to Bragg
(2001: 85) all paralectotypes are of H. saussurei.
= Haaniella grayii (Westwood, 1859) (Heteropterygidae: Heteropteryginae, Heteropterygini)
guentheri Hennemann & Conle, 2009: 18 (Phasmotaenia)
5 PT & 1 egg: 2 ♀ & 1 egg SOLOMON ISLANDS: San Cristoval, Huni R[iver] mouth, Camp 4, 15.viii.[19]65
(Roy[al] Soc[iety] Exped[ition]); 1 ♀ nymph SOLOMON ISLANDS: San Cristoval, Narahito R[iver], ‘on felled
tree’, 275 ft., 28.vii.1965 (P. J. D. Greenslade, Roy[al] Soc[iety] Exped[ition]); 1 ♀ SOLOMON ISLANDS,
Yarikora, vii.1963 (T. C. Whitemore); 1 ♀ ‘South-Sea Islands’ [BMNH(E) #845038-845043]. The ♀ holotype is in
MNHU. There are 2 additional paratypes (2 ♀) in NHMB.
= Phasmotaenia guentheri Hennemann & Conle, 2009 (Phasmatidae: Stephanacridini)
haanii Kirby, 1904c: 376 (Necroscia)
1 ST: 1♀ [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, Sarawak, [18]56-44 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E)
#844790]. There is an additional syntype (1 ♀) in RMNH, Phasma (Necroscia) punctatum var. a. de Haan, 1842:
121.
= Necroscia haanii Kirby, 1904 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
haita Westwood, 1859: 25 (Bacteria)
4 ST: 2 ♂ [HAITI:] St Domingo, [18]55-1 (Mr. Tweedie, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844523, 844525]; 1 ♀ same
data, except ‘Bacteria Haita Westw ♀ var without luteus spots on thorax + with anal styles broken off’ [BMNH(E)
#844524]; 1 ♀ [HAITI:] ‘W. Indies’, St Domingo [BMNH(E) #844526]. There are possibly additional syntypes in
OXUM.
= Clonistria haita (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
harmani Bragg & Chan, 1993: 176 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT & 10 PT: HT [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kinabalu Park, 1,600 m., 10-19.i.1981 (A. J. E. Harman) [BMNH(E)
#844615]; 10 PT: 3 ♂ & 2 ♀, same data as holotype [BMNH(E) #844616-844620]; 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 1 ♀ nymph
[MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kinabalu Park, Silau Silau trail, various dates from 1.v.1986-30.viii.1992 (C. L. Chan); 1 ♂
[MALAYSIA:] Borneo, Sabah, Crocker Range, c. 4000ft., 4.xi.1991 (Anthony Lamb) [BMNH(E) #878128-
878132]. There are 26 additional paratypes (8 ♂, 15 ♀ & 3 ♀ nymphs) in BMKB (3 ♂, 1 ♀ nymph), FRCS (1 ♂, 1
♀), KNP (1 ♀), RMNH (1 ♀), ZRC (1 ♂, 1 ♀), also P. E. Bragg (2 ♂, 8 ♀ & 2 ♀ nymphs) & A. J. E. Harman (1 ♂,
2 ♀) Colls.
= Staelonchodes harmani (Bragg & Chan, 1993) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini) [considered likely to be
a synonym of Staelonchodes sodalis (Kirby, 1896), including comments by Bragg, 2001: 494]
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harmani Brock, 1995: 32 (Pinnispinus)
♂ HT & 10 PT: HT: MALAYSIA: Pahang, Gunung Jasar, Cameron Highlands, 4,700 ft., xi.1981 (A. Harman)
[BMNH(E) #845128]. 10 PT: 1 ♂ & 4 ♀, same data as holotype; 4 ♂ & 1 ♀: MALAYSIA: Pahang, Gunung Jasar,
Cameron Highlands, 5,000 ft., 11.vi.1935 (H. M. Pendlebury) [BMNH(E) #845129-845138]. There are 3
additional paratypes (2 ♂ & 1 ♀) in P. D. Brock Coll.
= Ommatopseudes harmani (Brock, 1995) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
harmani Hennemann & Conle, 1998: 300 (Thaumatobactron)
♂ HT: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Morobe Province, Mt. Kaindi, 2,360 m., 4.v.1981 (A. Harman) [BMNH(E)
#844970].
= Thaumatobactron harmani Hennemann & Conle, 1998 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodini: Eurycanthini)
hasenpuschi Brock & Grösser, 2008: 81 (Nanophyllium)
♂ HT: INDONESIA: Irian Jaya: Pantai District, Nabire, 1996 [BMNH(E) #845228].
= Nanophyllium hasenpuschi Brock & Grösser, 2008 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Nanophylliini)
hausleithneri Brock, 1999a: 164 (Phyllium)
♀ HT: MALAYSIA: Perak, Tapah Hills, Cameron Highlands, iv.1991 (T. F. Wong) [BMNH(E) #845233]. There
are 4 paratypes (4 ♀) in P. D. Brock Coll.
= Phyllium (Phyllium) hausleithneri Brock, 1999 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae, Phylliini)
hebraica Uvarov, 1939a: 226 (Gratidia)
♀ HT: [ISRAEL:] ‘Palestine’, Mt Carmel, 1938 (J. Palmoni) [BMNH(E) #844909].
= Junior subjective synonym of Clonaria libanica (Uvarov, 1939) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
herberti Bragg, 2001: 462 (Lonchodes hosei)
♀ HT & 47 PT: HT [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Sepilok Forest Reserve, culture stock, 1993 [BMNH(E) #844602]; 8
PT: 1 ♂ same data as holotype; 1 ♂ & 3 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Ulu Moyog, 8.iv.1999; 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ BRUNEI:
[Badas, Swamp forest], captive bred by P. E. Bragg, 1992; 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kina Balu, 31.iii.1999 (P. E .
Bragg) [BMNH(E) #844603-844610]; 39 PT: 3 ♀ & 1 ♀ nymph BRUNEI: Beliat district, Sungai Liang Forest
Reserve, 07.i.1994 (C. L. Chan & Seow-Choen); 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Sepilok Forest Reserve, 01.vi.1984
(C. L. Chan); 1 ♀ same data except 05.vi.1984; 2 ♀ same data except 17.vi.1994 (C. L. Chan et al); 1 ♂ & 1 ♀
[MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Sepilok, Orang-utan Centre, 23.viii.1992 (C. L. Chan); 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah,
Penampang, 04.ii.1982 (C. L. Chan & L. Chin); 1 ♀ nymph [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Penampang, Mile 9, 11.x.1981
(C. L. Chan); 2 ♂ & 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Ulu Dusun, 02.vi.1984 (C. L. Chan); 1 ♀ same data except
18.v.1984, (C. L. Chan & W. Wong); 1 ♂ same data except 19.v.1984 (C. L. Chan & W. Wong); 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ same
data except 14.v.1986 (C. L. Chan & W. Wong); 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] same data except 19.v.1984 (C. L. Chan); 1 ♀
[MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Tenom, Kallang Waterfall, 12.ix.1992 (C. L. Chan & Poon); 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ same data except
25.vi.1986, (C. L. Chan & Huisman); 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Tenom, 29.v.1984 (C. L. Chan); 1 ♀ nymph
[MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kinabatangan district, Sukau, 8-10.iv.1994 (C. L. Chan & Poon); 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:]
Sabah, Kampung Madziang, Penampang-Tambuan Road, 18.vi.1994 (C. L. Chan, Seow-Choen & W. M. Poon); 1
♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Bukit Kulung, 10.x.1983 (Zazuli); 2 ♀ nymphs [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Babaggon,
05.x.1981 (C. L. Chan & K. F. Ki); 1 ♀ same data except 05.ix.1981 (C. L. Chan & L. Chin); 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ nymph
same data except 15.viii.1981 (C. L. Chan & L. Chin); 1 ♂ & 2 ♀ same data except 05.x.1982, (C. L. Chan & L.
Chin); 1 ♂ same data except 05.x.1982
(C. L. Chan); 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Maliau Basin, East Rim, Lower montane forest, 3,250 ft., 6-20.iv.1996
(Postar Miun, K. Wong, Baraham Buhari & C. Puff); 1 ♀ nymph [MALAYSIA:] Lok Kawi, 4.ii.1982 (C.L. Chan
& L. Chin) [BMNH(E) #878133-878169, #878217-8]. There are additional paratypes in DCMD, FRCS, NHMN,
OXUM, RMNH, ZMHB, ZUMS, also P. E. Bragg Coll., also eggs (number not specified).
= Junior subjective synonym of Hermagoras cultratolobatus (Brunner, 1907) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae:
Lonchodini)
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herberti Hennemann & Conle, 2008: 233 (Tirachoidea)
♀ HT: BRUNEI: Badas, swamp forest, i.1993 (M. Herbert) [BMNH(E) #878213] There are 3 paratypes & eggs (3
♂) in FRCS (1 ♂), P. E. Bragg (1 ♂) and M. Herbert (1 ♂ & 2 eggs) Colls.
= Tirachoidea herberti Hennemann & Conle, 2008 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
herculeana Conle & Hennemann, 2002: 37 (Autolyca)
♂ HT: EL SALVADOR: San Salvador, 1974-478 (Mrs. P. R. Pendleton) [BMNH(E) #845250].
= Autolyca herculeana Conle & Hennemann, 2002 (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini)
herwaardeni Hennemann, Conle & Bruckner, 1996: 154 (Phaenopharos)
4 PT: 2 ♂ & 2 ♀ THAILAND: culture stock, viii.1995 [BMNH(E) #844819-844822]. The ♂ holotype is in ZMHB.
There are 85 additional paratypes (42 ♂ & 43 ♀) in NLHD (2 ♂ & 2 ♀), SMNS (2 ♂ & 2 ♀), ZHMB (2 ♂ & 3 ♀),
ZHUH (2 ♂ & 2 ♀), ZSMC (2 ♂ & 2 ♀) also in F. H. Hennemann (10 ♂ & 10 ♀), O. Conle (10 ♂ & 10 ♀) and O.
Zompro (10 ♂ & 10 ♀) Colls.
= Phaenopharos herwaardeni Hennemann et al., 1996 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
hieroglyphicus Gray, 1835: 21 (Perlamorphus)
♀ ST ?: [INDONESIA:] Java, [18]39-7.20.3 (Pres. James Wilson Esq.) [BMNH(E) #845112]. Although labelled as
ST this specimen is longer than the description and has the left antenna present; there is an additional specimen
marked type in MVMA (1 ♂) but also unlikely as it has both antennae present [both absent in description].
= Junior subjective synonym of Aschiphasma annulipes Westwood, 1834 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae:
Aschiphasmatini)
hipponoe Westwood, 1859: 140 (Necroscia)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, Sarawak, [18]56-44 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844804].
= Neoasceles hipponoe (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
hispanicus Bolívar, 1878: 423 (Bacillus)
♀ ST [left antenna and all legs missing]: SPAIN: Madrid ‘Ex coll. de Bormans’ [BMNH(E) #878215]; specimen
listed by Uvarov (1935: 89) as ex Burr Coll. There are 10 additional syntypes (5 ♂ & 5 ♀) in MNMS (3 ♂ & 1 ♀),
NHMW (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) and OXUM (1 ♂ & 3 ♀).
= Pijnackeria hispanica (Bolívar, 1878) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
histrinus Westwood, 1859: 60 (Acanthoclonia)
♀ HT: VENEZUELA: [18]47-26 (Purch. Dyson, Bill 193) [BMNH(E) #845336].
Acanthoclonia histrinus Westwood, 1859 (Bacillidae: Xerosomatinae: Xerosomatini)
hollowayi Bragg, 2001: 285 Kerabistus (Rhadinobistus))
♀ HT & 1 ♂ PT: [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, Sarawak, Mount Api, 3,000 ft., limestone forest, iv.1978 (J. D.
Holloway) [BMNH(E) #845126-845127].
= Kerabistus (Rhadinobistus) hollowayi Bragg, 2001 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
hongkongensis Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000a: 123 (Neohirasea)
♂ HT & 10 PT: HT CHINA: Hong Kong, Victoria Peak, Peel Rise, 10.vii.1996 (F. Seow-Choen) [BMNH(E)
#844674]; 10 PT: 5 ♂ & 4 ♀ same data as holotype; 1 ♂ [CHINA:] Hong Kong, 1911 (F. W. Terry) [BMNH(E)
#844675-844684]. There are 28 additional paratypes (15 ♂, 11 ♀ & 2 ♀ nymphs) in UKM (5 ♂, 3♀ & 2 ♀
nymphs), ZRC (6 ♂ & 6 ♀) also in P. D. Brock (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) and F. Seow-Choen (3 ♂ & 1 ♀) Colls.
= Neohirasea hongkongensis Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000 (Phasmatidae: Necrosciinae)
hongkongensis Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000a: 143 (Pylaemenes)
♀ HT: CHINA: Hong Kong, Victoria Peak, Peel Rise, v.1995 (F. Seow-Choen) [BMNH(E) #845204]. There are 2
paratypes (1 ♀ & 1 ♀ nymph) in F. Seow-Choen Coll.
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= Junior subjective synonym of Pylaemenes guangxiensis (Bi & Li, 1994) (Heteropterygidae: Dataminae)
hookeri White, 1846: 24 (Phasma)
♀ HT: NEW ZEALAND: Bay of Islands, [18]43-70 (Pres. Lt Smith, RN) [BMNH(E) #844984].
= Clitarchus hookeri (White, 1846) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthoxylini)
hopii Gray, 1835: 25 (Phasma)
2 ST: 2 ♀ BRAZIL: [18]40-4-2-1304 & 1356 (Purch. Mr. Children) [BMNH(E) #845309-845310]. There is an
additional syntype (1 ♂) in OXUM.
= Olcyphides hopii (Gray, 1835) (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Stratocleinae)
horridus White, 1846: 24 (Phasma (Acanthoderus))
♀ HT: NEW ZEALAND: [18]43-8 (Purch. Mr. Edgerley, Bill 43.) [BMNH(E) #844981].
= Argosarchus horridus (White, 1846) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthoxylini)
horsfieldii Kirby, 1904c: 376 (Necroscia)
1 ST: 1♂ [INDONESIA:] Java, [18]79-64 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Museum) [BMNH(E) #844791]. There is
an additional syntype (1 ♂) in RMNH, Phasma (Necroscia) punctatum var. c. de Haan, 1842: 121
= Necroscia horsfieldii Kirby, 1904 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
hosei Kirby, 1896a: 457 (Hermogenes)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA: Sarawak], ‘North Borneo’, Baram District, [18]89-84 (Mr. C. Hose, Purch. Gerrard)
[BMNH(E) #844621].
= Hermagoras hosei (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
humilis Westwood, 1859: 7 (Bacillus)
♀ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-16 (Mr. Thwaites, Purch. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844919].
= Sceptrophasma humilis (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
hyalina Redtenbacher, 1906: 114 (Chlorophasma)
♀ HT: PANAMA: Bugaba, 800-1,500 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845305].
= Chlorophasma hyalinum Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
hypharpax Westwood, 1859: 75 (Phibalosoma)
♂ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’ [BMNH(E) #845014].
= Phobaeticus hypharpax (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
hyphereon Westwood, 1859: 9 (Bacillus)
♀ LT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’ [BMNH(E) #844989]. Lectotype designated by Hennemann, 2002b: 65. There is a
paralectotype (1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Junior subjective synonym of Cuniculina cunicula (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumninini)
hystriculea Westwood, 1859: 16 (Pachymorpha)
♀ HT: NEW ZEALAND: [18]48-80 (Pres. Dr. J. Hooker, from Rev. W. Colenso) [BMNH(E) #844921].
= Micrarchus hystriculeus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Pachymorphini)
ignavus Westwood, 1859: 61 (Ceroys)
♀ HT: BRAZIL: Amazon, Tapajós River ‘Banks of the Rio Tapayos’, [18]53-27 (Bates, Purch. Stevens)
[BMNH(E) #845244].
= Lobolibethra ignava Westwood, 1859 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
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inca Kirby, 1904b: 447 (Pseudophasma)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ PERU: Palcazu, 1904-65 (Purch. Dr. W. F. H. Rosenberg) [BMNH(E) #845287-845288].
= Pseudophasma inca Kirby, 1904 (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Pseudophasmatini)
incolumis Brunner, 1907: 326 (Dyme)
♂ HT: [GUATEMALA:] Vera Paz, Parzos 28.vi.- (Conradt, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844503].
= Bacteria incolumis (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
incommodus Butler, 1876: 410 (Bacillus)
2 ST: 2 ♀ [MAURITIUS:] Rodriguez Island, [18]76-13 (W. Gulliver, Pres. Royal Society) [BMNH(E) #845081-
845082]. There is an additional syntype (1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Xenomaches incommodus Butler, 1876 (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
incongruens Brunner, 1907: 336 (Bacunculus)
8 PLT: 5 ♂ [GUATEMALA:] Vera Paz, Senahu (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.); 2 ♂ [GUATEMALA:] Vera
Paz, Purula (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.); 1 ♂ [GUATEMALA:] Tabasco, Teapa (H. H. Smith, Godman &
Salvin Coll.); [BMNH(E) #844557-844564]. The ♂ lectotype, designated by Conle, Hennemann & Fontana 2007:
36 and 3 additional paralectotypes (3 ♂) are in NHMW [These authors stated that all paralectotypes belong to
Pseudosermyle phalangiphora (Rehn 1907)].
= Pseudosermyle incongruens (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
indica Gray, 1835: 17 (Bacteria)
♀ HT: E. INDIES ‘Indiâ orientali’ [BMNH(E) #844905].
= Clonaria indica (Gray, 1835) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
insignis Redtenbacher, 1906: 90 (Paranisomorpha)
♀ PLT: COSTA RICA: R. Susio (H. Rogers, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845284]. The lectotype ♀
designated by Conle & Hennemann, 2002: 90 is in NHMW. One additional paralectotype (1 ♀) is in MHNG.
= Paranisomorpha insignis Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Pseudophasmatini)
insularis Kirby, 1889a: 231 (Promachus)
6 ST: 3 ♂ & 3 ♀ [PAPUA NEW GUINEA:] Louisiade Islands, Sudest Island, 10.x.1888 [18]89-89 (Basil
Thomson) [BMNH(E) #844959-844964].
= Neopromachus insularis (Kirby, 1889) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
insularis Kirby, 1896a: 460 (Dixippus)
♀ HT: [AUSTRALIA:] S. New Guinea, Thursday Island, [18]80-83; Locality queried, see Monteith & Dewhurst,
2011, however, Brock & Hasenpusch (2009) report another Australian locality for this species [BMNH(E)
#844761].
= Leprocaulinus insularis insularis (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
inuncans Serville, 1838: 244 (Monandroptera)
♀ LT: MAURITIUS: ‘Ile de France’, [18]57-69 (Marchal, ex. Serville collection, Purch. Mr. Westwood)
[BMNH(E) #845086]. Lectotype designated by Cliquennois & Brock, 2004: 48. There are 2 paralectotypes (1 ♂ &
1 ♀) in OXUM; other specimens not traced.
= Junior subjective synonym of Monandroptera acanthomera (Burmeister, 1838) (Phasmatidae: Tropidoderinae:
Monandropterini)
iphicles Redtenbacher, 1906: 140 (Metriotes)
1 PLT: 1 ♂ PANAMA: Bugaba, 800-1,500 ft (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845327]. The
lectotype ♀ designated by Shelford, 1908: 375 is in NHMW.
= Metriophasma (Metriophasma) iphicles (Redtenbacher, 1906) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
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iphiclus Westwood, 1859: 58 (Pygirhynchus)
4 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ VENEZUELA: [18]47-24 (Purch. Dyson, Bill 193) [BMNH(E) #844573-844574]; 1 ♀
VENEZUELA: [18]47-26 (Purch. Dyson, Bill 193) [BMNH(E) #844576]; 1 ♀ COLOMBIA: ‘Columbia’, [18]47-
71 (M. Sallé, Purch. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844575].
= Ocnophila iphicla (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Ocnophilini)
iridescens Kirby, 1904b: 445 (Olcyphides)
♀ HT: TRINIDAD: [18]92-24 [number incorrect, no Register entry located] [BMNH(E) #845311].
= Olcyphides iridescens Kirby, 1904 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
irregulariterspinosa Brunner, 1907: 328 (Dyme)
♀ HT: [GUATEMALA:] Vera Paz, Purula (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844504].
= Bacteria irregulariterspinosa (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
jenningsi Bragg, 1998: 86 (Spinodares)
♀ HT & 1 PT + eggs: HT MALAYSIA: Sarawak, Pelagus logging camp, 8.viii.1990; 1 PT: 1 ♀ nymph captive-
reared, 1990; 3 eggs in capsule pinned beneath holotype [BMNH(E) #845207-845208]. There are 9 additional
paratypes (2 ♀, 7 ♀ nymphs) in OXUM (1 ♀ nymph), RMNH (1 ♀ nymph), also P. Jennings Coll. (2 ♀, 5 ♀
nymphs & eggs).
= Spinodares jenningsi Bragg, 1998 (Heteropterygidae: Dataminae)
jobrensis Brock & Cliquennois, 2001: 19 (Medaura)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ BANGLADESH: Chittagong, Jobra, University of Chittagong, iii- iv.1997 [BMNH(E) #844994-
844995]. The ♂ holotype and 1 additional paratype (1♀) are in NHMW. There are 4 further paratypes in P. D.
Brock Coll. (1 ♂ & 3 ♀).
= Medaura jobrensis Brock & Cliquennois, 2001 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Medaurini)
johorensis Seow-Choen & Goh, 1999: 265 (Abrosoma)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ MALAYSIA: Johore State, Gunung Pulai, 2.iii.1996 (F. Seow-Choen) [BMNH(E) #845107-
845108]. The ♂ holotype is in F. Seow-Choen Coll. There are 9 additional paratypes (5 ♂, 1 ♂ nymph & 3 ♀) in
ZRC (1 ♂, 1 ♂ nymph & 1 ♀) and FRIM (4 ♂ & 2 ♀).
= Abrosoma johorense Seow-Choen & Goh, 1999 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)]
kalag Zompro, 2005: 73 (Pharnacia)
1 PT: 1 ♀: PHILIPPINES: Mindanao I[slan]d, Bukidnon Prov., Katanglad Mts, Lantapan, 1,000-1,300 m., iv.1991
(A. Buenafe) [BMNH(E) #878220]. The ♀ holotype is in O. Zompro Coll. There are 19 additional paratypes, also 2
eggs (19 ♀), as follows: 1 ♀ (ANIC), 1 ♀ (MCSN), 1 ♀ (MHNG), 1 ♀ (MNHN), 1 ♀ (NHMW), 1 ♀ (ZMUH), 5
♀ & 1 egg (UPPC), 8 ♀ & 1 egg (O. Zompro Coll.) [possibly not all deposited; not traced in ANIC].
= Pharnacia kalag Zompro, 2005 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
keyi Brock & Hasenpusch, 2007: 64 (Podacanthus)
1 PT: 1 ♂ [AUSTRALIA: Western Australia], Swan River, [18]53-50 (Dr. Bacon, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E)
#845093]. The ♀ holotype is in ANIC. There are 64 additional paratypes (38 ♂ & 26 ♀) in ANIC (38 ♂ & 25 ♀)
and SAMA (1 ♂).
= Podacanthus keyi Brock & Hasenpusch, 2007 (Phasmatidae: Tropidoderinae)
kinabaluensis Bragg, 1998: 52 (Dares)
♀ HT: MALAYSIA: Sabah, M[oun]t Kinabalu, Marai-Parai, ii.1985 (C. L. Chan & W. Wong) [mounted with one
egg in a capsule beneath the specimen.] [BMNH(E) #845354].
= Dares kinabaluensis Bragg, 1998 (Heteropterygidae: Dataminae)
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TYPES OF PHASMIDA
kinabaluensis Bragg, 2001: 246 (Dinophasma)
♀ HT, 9 PT & eggs: HT [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mount Kinabalu Park, near HQ, 1,580 m., 30.viii.1992 (P. E .
Bragg, ref. PEB-1775), mounted with egg. ‘Fed on Fuchsia in captivity’ [BMNH(E) #845113]; 9 PT & egg: 1 ♂
[MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mt. Kinabalu, 11,000 ft., 20.i.1981 (A. Harman) [BMNH(E) #845163]; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:]
Sabah, Mt. Kinabalu, Mesilau Camp, 5,000 ft., 20-27.iii.1964 (S. Kueh, Royal Society Expedition) [BMNH(E)
#845162]; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 1 egg [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mount Kinabalu Park, near HQ, 1,580 m., 30.viii.1992 (P. E .
Bragg, refs. PEB-47, 46, 1714 [BMNH(E) #845114-845116]; 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mount Kinabalu
Park, near HQ, 1,580 m., 27.vii.1990, mating pair (C. L. Chan, Bragg & Jennings); 1 ♀ nymph, same data except
1.v.1986 (C. L. Chan & M. Y. Chan); 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mount Kinabalu, Silau Silau Trail, vi.1994
(C. L. Chan, K. M. Wong & J. Hassim) [BMNH(E) #845374-845378]. There are 8 additional paratypes (3 ♂, 4 ♀, 1
♀ nymph & eggs (number not provided by author)) in ZMUS (2 ♂ & 2 ♀), also P. E. Bragg (1 ♀) and P. Jennings
(1 ♂, 1 ♀, 1 ♀ nymph) Colls.
= Dinophasma kinabaluense Bragg, 2001 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
kirbyi Brunner, 1907: 185 (Phobaeticus)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’ [BMNH(E) #845015].
= Phobaeticus kirbyi Brunner, 1907 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
kirbyi Zompro, 2001: 218 (Sermyle) Replacement name for Diapheromera saussurei Kirby, 1889b: 501, junior
secondary homonym of Sermyle saussurei Stål, 1875.
♂ HT: DOMINICA: Pointe Michel ‘Pt Michael’, iii.- [18]89 [BMNH(E) #844565].
= Sermyle kirbyi Zompro, 2001 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
kotatinggia Brock, 1999: 101 (Necroscia)
♂ HT: MALAYSIA: Johor, Kota Tinggi Waterfalls, i.vi.1994 (P. D. Brock) [BMNH(E) #844792]. There is a
paratype (1 ♂) in P. D. Brock Coll.
= Necroscia kotatinggia Brock, 1999 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
krugeri Brock, 2004: 69 (Bactrododema)
1 PT: 1 ♀ [SOUTH AFRICA:] N. Transvaal, Waterpoort, 1925-199 (E. R. S. Cheales) [BMNH(E) #844926]. The
♂ holotype is in TMSA. There are 32 additional paratypes (13 ♂ & 19 ♀) in SANC, SBRC & TMSA.
= Bactrododema krugeri Brock, 2004 (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
kurda Uvarov, 1944: 64 (Ramulus)
♂ HT & 1♀ PT: IRAQ: Lower end of Zakho Gorgo, N. of Mosul, 7.x.1942 (F. Bodenheimer) [in spirit collection]
[BMNH(E) #844906-844907].
= Clonaria kurda (Uvarov, 1944) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
lacteipennis Redtenbacher, 1906: 113 (Brizoides)
2 PLT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [PANAMA:] Bugaba, 800-1,500 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845300-
845301]. The lectotype ♂ designated by Shelford, 1908: 372 and an additional paralectotype (1 ♂) are in NHMW.
= Brizoides lacteipennis Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
laetus Kirby, 1904a: 375 (Promachus (?))
3 ST: 2 ♂ & 1 ♀ [VIETNAM:] Tonkin, Matton Mountains, 2,000-3,000 m., iv-v.- [1902-292] (Purch. Herr
Frühstorfer) [BMNH(E) #844813-844815].
= Paramenexenus laetus (Kirby, 1904) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
lamellatus Kirby, 1904a: 374 (Oxyartes)
♀ LT [[BMNH(E) #844812] & 2 PLT (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) [VIETNAM:] Tonkin, Than-Moi, vi-vii.- [1902-292] (Purch.
Herr Frühstorfer) [BMNH(E) #844810-844811]. Lectotype designated by Hennemann, Conle & Zhang, 2008: 18.
= Oxyartes lamellatus Kirby, 1904 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
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langkawicus Brock, 1999a: 84 (Lopaphus)
♂ HT, 3 ♂ & 1 ♀ PT: MALAYSIA: Kedah, Langkawi Island, 15.i.1995, ex. Culture stock P. D. Brock [BMNH(E)
#844766-844770]. There are 2 additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in P. D. Brock Coll.
= Junior subjective synonym of Lopaphus iolas (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
lanyuhensis Huang & Brock, 2001: 10 (Phasmotaenia)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ TAIWAN: Lanyuh Island, Hungtou, Taitung Hsien, 23.vi.2000 (Y. S. Huang) [BMNH(E)
#845044-845045]. The ♀ holotype and 4 additional paratypes (2 ♂ & 2 ♀) are in NTUC.
= Phasmotaenia lanyuhensis Huang & Brock, 2001 (Phasmatidae: Stephanacridini)
larryi Hasenpusch & Brock, 2007: 28 (Sipyloidea)
3 PT: 2 ♂ AUSTRALIA: north Queensland, Polly Creek, Garradunga, nr. Innisfail, 13.ii.2006 (J. Hasenpusch & P.
D. Brock); 1 ♀, AUSTRALIA: north Queensland, Ella Bay, 25.ii.2006 (J. Hasenpusch & P. D. Brock) [BMNH(E)
#844837-844839]. The ♀ holotype is in QM. There are 34 additional paratypes (20 ♂ & 14 ♀) in ANIC (4 ♂ & 2
♀), QM (1 ♂), P. D. Brock (4 ♂ & 5 ♀) and J. Hasenpusch (11 ♂ & 7 ♀) Colls. Eggs (not regarded as paratypes)
deposited in all collections referred to above.
= Sipyloidea larryi Hasenpusch & Brock, 2007 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
lateralis Fabricius, 1775: 275 (Mantis)
♂ HT [in the Sir Joseph Banks collection; specimen badly damaged—abdomen broken off and all legs missing]:
BRAZIL: [18]63-47 [BMNH(E) #669494].
= Prexaspes (Prexaspes) lateralis (Fabricius, 1775) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
ligia Westwood, 1859: 89 (Haplopus)
♂ LT & 1 ♂, 2 ♀ PLT: [HAITI:] ‘St Domingo’, [18]55-1 (Mr. Tweedie, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844945-
844948].
= Junior subjective synonym of Haplopus micropterus (Saint-Fargeau & Serville, 1828) (Phasmatidae:
Cladomorphinae: Haplopodini)
linearis Drury, 1773: 130 (Mantis)
♂ HT: [WEST INDIES: Antigua] ‘India’, [In the Sir Joseph Banks collection.] [BMNH(E) #669493].
= Clonistria linearis (Drury, 1773) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
lobata Redtenbacher, 1908: 355 (Phantasis)
♀ HT: PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, below 4,000 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845317].
= Hesperophasma lobatum (Redtenbacher, 1908) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Hesperophasmatini)
lobata Redtenbacher, 1908: 408 (Bostra)
♀ HT: PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, below 4,000 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844511].
= Bostra lobata Redtenbacher, 1908 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
longefurcata Chopard, 1954: 113 (Gratidia)
♂ HT: KENYA: N.F.D. [=Northern Frontier District], Isiolo, iii.1944 (Mrs. J. Adamson) [BMNH(E) #844910].
There are 2 paratypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in ZMUC.
= Clonaria longefurcata (Chopard, 1954) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
longiceps Kirby, 1889b: 503 (Pseudobacteria)
♀ HT: ST LUCIA: ‘Santa Lucia’ [18]89-23 (Mr. Ramage, Pres. West Indian Commission) [BMNH(E) #844527].
= Junior subjective synonym of Clonistria linearis (Drury, 1773) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae:
Diapheromerini)
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longipennis Günther, 1944: 78 (Centema)
♂ HT: MALAYSIA: Sarawak, R. Kapah, trib. of R. Tinjar, 24.ix.1932, primitive forest, beating of undergrowth (B.
M. Hobby & A. W. Moore, Oxford University Expedition) [BMNH(E) #844760].
= Centrophasma longipennis (Günther, 1944) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
lugardi Kirby, 1902b: 448 (Bactrododema)
♂ HT: [BOTSWANA:] ‘N’Gami Country’, [18]98-209 (F. D. Lugard) [BMNH(E) #844931].
= Junior subjective synonym of Bactrododema tiaratum Stål, 1858 (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
lumawigi Brock, 1998b: 43 (Phobaeticus)
♀ HT: PHILIPPINES: North Luzon, Mountain Province, vii.1996 (I. Lumawig) [BMNH(E) #845016].
= Phobaeticus lumawigi Brock, 1998 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
maculata Kirby, 1904b: 435 (Calvisia)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] Penang, [18]96-126 (S. S. Flower) [BMNH(E) #844752].
= Junior subjective synonym of Calvisia conicipennis (Bates, 1865) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
maculatum Gray, 1835: 26 (Phasma)
♂ HT: [BRAZIL:] Amazon, [18]40-4.2.1310 (Children Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845312].
= Paraphasma maculatum (Gray, 1835) (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
maculicollis Westwood, 1848: 77 (Phasma (Necroscia))
1 ST: 1 ♀ [BANGLADESH:] Sylhet, [18]45-107 (Purch. Rev. Stainsforth, Bill 539) [BMNH(E) #845348]. There
are 2 additional syntypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Trachythorax maculicollis (Westwood, 1848) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
magistralis Redtenbacher, 1908: 410 (Bostra)
♀ HT: GUATEMALA: Vera Paz, Panzos, (Conradt, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844512].
= Bostra magistralis Redtenbacher, 1908 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
magnifica Kirby, 1904b: 439 (Eurycnema)
♀ HT: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: ‘probably New Guinea’ [more likely Australia (Brock, 1998c)] 1901-78 (Crowley
Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845026].
= Junior subjective synonym of Eurycnema goliath (Gray, 1834) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
magnificus Brock, 1999a: 48 (Anarchodes)
♂ HT & 1 ♀ PT: MALAYSIA: Perak, Tapah Hills, 1989 (M. K. P. Yeh) [BMNH(E) #844802-844803]. There are 3
additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 2 ♀) in P. D. Brock Coll.
= Anarchodes magnificus Brock, 1999 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
magnus Hennemann & Conle, 2008: 162 (Phobaeticus) Replacement name for the junior secondary homonym
Nearchus maximus Redtenbacher, 1908: 448 (not Phibalosoma maximum Bates, 1865); holotype from ‘Laos,
Siam’ is missing from MNHN.
♀ NT: THAILAND: Phetchabun ‘Petchabun’, Lom Kao ‘Lomgao’, 21.x.1985 (Phimpisarn) [BMNH(E) #878184],
designated by Hennemann & Conle, 2008: 162.
= Phobaeticus magnus Hennemann & Conle, 2008 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
malleti Bragg, 2001: 480 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT & 3 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Sabah, Mostyn, reared by P. E. Bragg, 1998, ex. 20.vi.1995 (S. Mallet)
[BMNH(E) #844640]; 3 PT: 2 ♂ & 1 ♀, same data as holotype [BMNH(E) #844641, #845380-845381]. There are
16 additional paratypes (8 ♂ & 8 ♀) in DCMD (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), NHMN (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), NHMW (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), OXUM (1
♂ & 1 ♀), RMNH (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), ZMHB (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), also P. E. Bragg Coll. (2 ♂ & 2 ♀).
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= Staelonchodes malleti (Bragg, 2001) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
mancinus Westwood, 1859: 144 (Necroscia)
♂ HT: PHILIPPINES: ‘Philippine Islands’, [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844728].
= Asceles mancinus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
manderensis Chopard, 1954: 114 (Ramulus)
♂ HT: KENYA: Mandera District, Damassa, 03º09´N., 41º20´E., desert grass and thornbush, 9.xii.1944 (D. K.
Kevan) [BMNH(E) #844911].
= Clonaria manderensis (Chopard, 1954) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
marginatum Gray, 1835: 23 (Phasma)
♀ HT: [INDIA:] Malabar, [18]40-4-2-1295 (Purch. Mr. Children) Locality probably MALAYSIA, not India
(Brock, 1999a: 93) [BMNH(E) #844793].
= Paranecroscia marginata (Gray, 1835) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
marginipennis Gray, 1833: 16 (Ctenomorpha)
2 PLT: 2 (or more) ♂ PLT: AUSTRALIA: ‘specimens which were brought by Mr. Hunter, (the surgeon who
accompanied Captain King’s voyages,) probably from the north-west coast’ have not been traced. The lectotype ♂
designated by Hasenpusch & Brock, 2006: 4, is in OXUM.
= Ctenomorpha marginipennis Gray, 1833 (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae)
marmessus Westwood, 1859: 149 (Necroscia)
4 PLT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [INDONESIA:] Sumatra, [18]79-64 (Raffles, Pres. East India Museum); 2 ♂ SINGAPORE:
jungle 8 miles from the town, [18]55-26 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) Whilst Singapore is not specifically
mentioned by Westwood, it is evident from his comments that there were a number of specimens in the type series.
[BMNH(E) #844779-844782]. The lectotype ♂ designated by Brock, 1995: 90 and an additional paralectotype
(1♀) are in OXUM; also two additional specimens (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), Westwood’s ‘variety’ from Sarawak which he
stated would be known as Ph[asma] eurybates if found to be a distinct species, a synonym of Marmessoidea
quadriguttatum (Burmeister, 1838)].
= Junior subjective synonym of Marmessoidea rosea (Fabricius, 1838) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
marshallae Bragg, 2001: 332 (Presbistus)
♂ HT & 2 PT: HT [INDONESIA:] Kalimantan, Sungai Ratu Miri Logging Camp, 20.viii.1993 (P. E. Bragg, ref.
PEB-1992) [BMNH(E) #845153]; 2 PT: 1 ♀ same data as holotype [BMNH(E) #845154]; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:
Sabah] Sandakan, [18]95-170 (D. Cantor) [BMNH(E) #845155]. There are 4 additional paratypes (4 ♂ & eggs,
number not specified by author), in P. E. Bragg Coll. (3 ♂); not traced (1 ♂) in C. L. Chan Coll. (now in NHMUK).
= Presbistus marshallae Bragg, 2001 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
marshallae Cliquennois & Brock, 2002: 390 (Apterograeffea)
♂ HT & 2 PT: HT MAURITIUS: Round Island, 2.v.2002 (D. Birch) [BMNH(E) #845054]; 2 PT: 1 ♀
MAURITIUS: Round Isl[and] (Col. Pike); 1 ♀ MAURITIUS: Round Isl[and], viii.1982 [BMNH(E) #845055-
845056].
= Apterograeffea marshallae Cliquennois & Brock, 2002 (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
marshallae Conle & Hennemann, 2002: 60 (Monticomorpha)
♂ HT & 29 PT: HT ECUADOR: El Cajas National Park, Cuenca, Ansus, 3,713 m., 10-15.viii.1983 (R. H.
Hadfield) [BMNH(E) #845253]; 29 PT: 3 ♂, 4 ♀ & 8 nymphs, same data as holotype; 1 ♂, 1 ♀ & 12 nymphs
ECUADOR: El Cajas National Park, Cuenca, Lake Llavico, 2,989 m., 2-6.viii.1983 (R. H. Hadfield) [BMNH(E)
#845254-845282].
= Monticomorpha marshallae Conle & Hennemann, 2002 (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae:
Anisomorphini)
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marshallae Zompro, 2001c: 29 (Caledoniophasma)
♂ HT: NEW CALEDONIA: Hovailou R., 3.x.[19]11 (P. D. Montague, New Caledonia Exped.) [BMNH(E)
#845098].
= Caledoniophasma marshallae Zompro, 2001 (Phasmatidae, Xeroderinae)
maximus Redtenbacher, 1908: 448 (Nearchus) see magnus Hennemann & Conle, 2008: 162 (Phobaeticus)
mcgregororum Brock, 2006: 40 (Macynia)
8 PT: 3 ♂ & 3 ♀ SOUTH AFRICA: Western Cape, The Baths, Warmbadberg, Nr. Citrusdal, 32º45S 19º03E,
24.x.2005 (P. D. Brock); 1 ♂ same data as holotype, except 25.x.2005; 1 ♂ SOUTH AFRICA: Western Cape,
Valhalla Farm, Nr. The Baths, Warmbadberg (P. D. Brock & A. Hall) [BMNH(E) #845181-845188]. The ♂
holotype and 4 additional paratypes (2 ♂ & 2 ♀) are in SAMC.
= Macynia mcgregororum Brock, 2006 (Bacillidae: Macyniinae)
meditans Brunner, 1907: 313 (Ocnophila)
♀ HT: [GUATEMALA:] Vera Paz, Purula, (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844578].
= Ocnophila meditans Brunner, 1907 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Ocnophilini)
megabeast Bragg, 2001: 483 (Lonchodes)
12 PT & eggs: 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Mount Serapi, 670 m., 20.viii.1991 (I. Abercrombie) (also 9 eggs,
number not specified by author); 1 ♂, 2 ♂ nymphs, 1 ♀, 2 ♀ nymphs & 5 unsexed nymphs, reared from holotype
[BMNH(E) #844627-844639]. The ♀ holotype is in P. E. Bragg Coll. with 13 paratypes (5 ♂, 2 ♀ & 6 unsexed
nymphs). There are 39 additional paratypes (12 ♂, 3 ♂ nymphs, 5 ♀, 4 ♀ nymphs, 15 unsexed nymphs and eggs) in
CUMZ (1 ♂, 1 ♀ nymph & 4 unsexed nymphs), DCMD (3 ♂, 1 ♀, 1 ♀ nymph & 5 unsexed nymphs), NHMN (2
♂, 1 ♂ nymph, 1 ♀, 1 ♀ nymph & 3 unsexed nymphs), NHMW (1 ♂, 1 ♂ nymph, 1 ♀ & 2 unsexed nymphs),
OXUM (1 ♂, 1 ♂ nymph, 1 ♀, 1 ♀ nymph & 1 unsexed nymph), RMNH (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) and SMSM (3 ♂).
= Junior subjective synonym of Hermagoras sigillatus (Brunner, 1907 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
merismus Westwood, 1859: 164 (Dinelytron)
♂ HT: VENEZUELA: [18]47-52 (Purch. Dyson, Bill 193) [BMNH(E) #845169].
= Paraprisopus merismus (Westwood, 1859) (Prisopodidae: Prisopodinae: Paraprisopodini)
mesoplatum Westwood, 1848: 77 (Phasma (Acanthoderus))
♂ HT: PHILIPPINES: ‘Philippine Islands’, [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #845225].
= Obrimus mesoplatus (Westwood, 1848) (Heteropterygidae: Obriminae: Obrimini)
mexicana Gray, 1835: 19 (Heteronemia)
♂ HT: MEXICO: [18]40-3.30.707 (Purch. Mr. Children) [BMNH(E) #845239].
= Heteronemia mexicana Gray, 1835 (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Heteronemiini)
mimas Westwood, 1859: 55 (Acanthoderus)
♂ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]50-56 (Dr. Hooker’s Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844716].
= Prisomera mimas Westwood, 1859 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
mindorensis Hennemann & Conle, 2007: 10 (Mithrenes)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ + 4 eggs PHILIPPINES: ‘Philippinen’, Mindoro Island, Mt. Halcon, 6.iv-27.v.[19]96 (Mohagan)
[BMNH(E) #844661-844662]. The ♂ holotype is in ZSMC. There are an additional 29 paratypes (14 ♂, 14 ♀, 1 ♀
nymph) also 1 egg, in NHMW (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), UPPC (1 ♂), ZSMC (1 ♀), also in F. Hennemann (10 ♂, 6 ♀, 1 ♀
nymph & 1 egg) and O. Conle (2 ♂ & 6 ♀) Colls.
= Mithrenes mindorensis Hennemann & Conle, 2007 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
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moderata Kirby, 1884: 477 (Necroscia)
♂ HT: [INDONESIA:] Ambon Island ‘Amboyna’, x.- [18]84-10 (Challenger Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845083].
= Xenomaches moderata (Kirby, 1884) (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
modesta Brunner, 1907: 324 (Dyme)
♂ HT: PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, below 4,000 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844505].
= Oncotophasma modestum (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
moirae Kirby, 1896a: 463 (Palophus)
♀ HT: MALAWI: ‘British Central Africa’, Lauderdale, coffee plantation, [18]99-224 [error, Register entry 1896-
224] (Mrs. Moir) [BMNH(E) #844927].
= Bactrododema moirae (Kirby, 1896) (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
monstrosus Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011: 295 (Parobrimus)
♂ HT: ECUADOR: [BMNH(E) #845340]. There are 4 paratypes in CEBUC (1 ♂ & 1 ♀ nymph), ICN (1 ♀) and
MHNUC (1 ♂).
= Parobrimus monstrosus Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011 (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae:
Xerosomatini)
monticola Günther, 1944: 78 (Apora laetior)
1 ST: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Mt. Kalulong (smaller peak), moss forest, 3.xi.1932 (B. M. Hobby & A. W.
Moore, Oxford University Expedition) [BMNH(E) #844817]. There are 2 additional syntypes (2 ♂), only one
traced in NHRS.
= Parastheneboea monticola (Günther, 1944) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
motalai Cliquennois & Brock, 2004: 3 (Mauritiophasma)
3 PT: 1 ♂ MAURITIUS: Henrietta, Le Mondrain, 530 m., 16.v.2002 (N. Cliquennois); 2 ♀ MAURITIUS: Brise
Fer-Mare Longue, 500 m., 10-16.iii.2001 (N. Cliquennois) [BMNH(E) #844976-844978]. The ♀ holotype is in
MNHN. There are 11 additional paratypes (3 ♂ & 8 ♀) in MNHN (2 ♀), MHNR (1 ♂ & 2 ♀), also P. D. Brock (1
♂ & 3 ♀) and S. Motala (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) Colls. Eggs deposited in all collections.
= Mauritiophasma motalai Cliquennois & Brock, 2004 (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthomimini)
multilobatus Redtenbacher, 1908: 352 (Pericentrus)
2 PLT: 1 ♂ COSTA RICA: R. Susio (H. Rogers, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844570], 1 ♂ PANAMA: V.
de Chiriqui, below 4,000 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844571]. The lectotype ♀ nymph
designated by Zompro, 2001: 230 is in NHMW.
= Junior subjective synonym of Trychopeplus laciniatus (Westwood, 1874) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae:
Diapheromerini)
multispinosum Cliquennois & Brock, 2004: 44 (Heterophasma)
4 PT: 1 ♂ RÉUNION: Saint-Joseph, Bel-Air, 1,100 m., 17.i.2001 (N. Cliquennois); 1 ♀ same data except
12.i.2002; 1 ♂ RÉUNION: Le Tampon, tamarinaie de Nore-dame de la Paix, 1,600 m., 19.v.2001 (N. Cliquennois);
1 ♀ RÉUNION: fôret du Tévelave, 1,050 m., 08.ii.2003 (N. Cliquennois) [BMNH(E) #845087-845090]. The ♀
holotype is in MNHN. There are 22 additional paratypes (8 ♂, 2 ♂ nymphs, 11 ♀ & 1 ♀ nymph) in the following:
MNHG (1 ♂ & 2 ♀), MNHN (3 ♂, 1 ♂ nymph & 3 ♀), MHNR (3 ♂, 4 ♀ & 1 ♀ nymph), NHST (1 ♂ nymph) and
P. D. Brock Coll. (1 ♂ & 2 ♀).
= Heterophasma multispinosum Cliquennois & Brock, 2004 (Phasmatidae: Tropidoderinae: Monandropterini)
muluensis Bragg, 1998: 74 (Datames)
1 PT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Gunung Mulu National Park, 21-23.xi.1996 (F. Seow-Choen, I. Abercrombie,
W. Fleming & Y. T. Lee) [BMNH(E) #845205]. The ♀ holotype and 7 additional paratypes (7 ♂) are in F. Seow-
Choen Coll.
= Pylaemenes muluensis (Bragg, 1998) (Heteropterygidae: Dataminae)
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myrina Westwood, 1859: 38 (Lonchodes)
♂ HT: INDIA: N. India, [18]56-8 (Pres. Mrs. Hawes) [BMNH(E) #844642].
= Lonchodes myrina Westwood, 1859 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
nanoalatus Brock, 1999a: 85 (Lopaphus)
♂ HT & 2 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Pahang, Tanah Rata, Cameron Highlands, 31.vi.1990 (P. D. Brock); 2 PT: 2 ♀
MALAYSIA: Pahang, Gunung Jasar, Cameron Highlands, 4,700 ft., xi.1980 (A. Harman) [BMNH(E) #844771-
844773].
= Lopaphus nanoalatus Brock, 1999 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
napolovi Brock, 2000: 2 (Dajaca)
♂ HT, 1 ♂ & 2 ♀ PT: VIETNAM: 55km NNW Hanoi, Tam Dao, 800 , 26.vii.-10.viii.1998 (A. Napolov)
[BMNH(E) #845164-845167].
= Dajaca napolovi Brock, 2000 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Dajacini)
natalis Westwood, 1859: 6 (Bacillus)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [SOUTH AFRICA:] Durban ‘Port Natal’, [18]55-96 (Gueinzius, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E)
#844912-844913].
= Clonaria natalis (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
nebulosum Westwood, 1859: 93 (Aschipasma)
♂ LT & 1 ♂ PLT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #845105-845106]. Lectotype
designated by Zompro, 2002: 6. There is a possible additional paralectotype (1 ♂) in OXUM, although Westwood
did not mention a specimen in ‘Mus. Saunders’.
= Abrosoma nebulosum (Westwood, 1859) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
nelida Rentz & John, 1987: 620 (Sipyloidea)
2 PT: 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: ‘W. A.’, Spargoville, 13.ii.1981 (M. J. D. White); 1 ♂ AUSTRALIA: ‘W. A.’, 9 km
WNW. of Balladonia Hotel, 6.ii.1981 (M. J. D. White) [BMNH(E) #844840-844841]. [1987-267: In exchange, D.
C. F. Rentz CSIRO 21.ix.1987] The ♂ holotype and 119 additional paratypes are in ANIC.
= Sipyloidea nelida Rentz & John, 1987 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
nigricornis Redtenbacher, 1906: 112 (Brizoides)
3 PLT: 2 ♀ PANAMA: Bugaba, 800-1,500 ft.; 1 ♀ PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, below 4,000 ft. (Champion, Godman
& Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845302-845304]. The lectotype ♂ from Chiriqui designated by Shelford, 1908: 45
and 3 additional paralectotypes (1 ♂ & 2 ♀) are in NHMW.
= Brizoides nigricornis Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
nigropunctatus Kirby, 1896a: 453 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT: AUSTRALIA: N. E. coast of Australia, Lizard Island, [18]62-41 (Mr. McGillivray, Purch. Cuming)
[BMNH(E) #844584].
= Austrocarausius nigropunctatus (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
oileus Westwood, 1859: 53 (Acanthoderus)
♀ HT nymph: [INDONESIA:] Java, [18]79-64 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Museum) [BMNH(E) #845026].
= Pylaemenes oileus (Westwood, 1859) (Heteropterygidae: Dataminae)
olivacea Westwood, 1859: 65 (Eurycantha)
♂ HT: PHILIPPINES: probable locality, see PSF: incorrect data label SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’ and on reverse
[18]50-7. Register information AUSTRALIA: R. Goulbowin (Capt. Parry) [BMNH(E) #845219].
= Theramenes olivaceus (Westwood, 1859) (Heteropterygidae: Obriminae: Eubulidini)
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omphale Westwood, 1859: 16 (Pachymorpha ?)
♀ HT: SOUTH AFRICA: ‘S. Africa’, [18]44-6 (Pres. Dr. Andrew Smith, Fort Pitt) [BMNH(E) #844920].
= Hemipachymorpha omphale (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Hemipachymorphini)
ornata Redtenbacher, 1908: 354 (Rhynchacris)
♀ HT: COSTA RICA: R. Susio (H. Rogers, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845322].
= Rhynchacris ornata Redtenbacher, 1908 (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Hesperophasmatini)
ornatissima Brunner, 1907: 312 (Ocnophila)
1 PLT: 1 ♀ nymph [GUATEMALA:] Vera Paz, San Juan, (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E)
#844577]. The lectotype ♀ designated by Hennemann & Conle, 2003: 4 is in SMNS.
= Hypocyrtus ornatissimus (Brunner, 1907) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Hesperophasmatini)
palawanica Hennemann & Conle, 2008: 110 (Pharnacia)
♀ HT & 1 ♀ PT nymph: PHILIPPINES: Palawan, Brooks Point, 7.x.1974 (R. Rodriguez) [BMNH(E) #845009-
845010]. There are 4 additional paratypes (4 ♀), also 1 egg, in O. Conle (1 ♀), M. Gottardo (1 ♀) and F.
Hennemann (2 ♀ & 1 egg) Colls.
= Pharnacia palawanica Hennemann & Conle, 2008 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
palinurus Westwood, 1859: 135 (Necroscia)
♀ HT: PHILIPPINES: ‘Philippine Islands’, [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #845077].
= Ophicrania palinurus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
panaetius Westwood, 1859: 144 (Necroscia)
♂ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #844842].
= Sipyloidea panaetius (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
panayensis Hennemann & Conle, 2007: 135 (Mithrenes)
6 PT: 3 ♂ & 3 ♀ PHILIPPINES: ‘Philippinen’, Panay Island, iv.2002 (from culture, ‘ex. Zucht.’ F. Hennemann,
2001-2003) [BMNH(E) #844664-844669], also 4 eggs [BMNH(E) #844663]. The ♂ holotype is in ZSMC. There
are an additional 93 paratypes (48 ♂ & 45 ♀) in NHMW (1 ♂, 1 ♀ & 4 eggs), UPPC (1 ♂, 1 ♀ & 4 eggs), ZSMC
(1 ♂, 1 ♀ & 4 eggs), also in P. E. Bragg (4 ♂, 3 ♀ & an unspecified number of eggs); O. Conle (25 ♂ & 25 ♀) and
F. Hennemann (16 ♂, 14 ♀ & an unspecified number of eggs) Colls.
= Mithrenes panayensis Hennemann & Conle, 2007 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
pandora Westwood, 1859: 93 (Aschipasma)
♂ LT & 2 PLT: LT PHILIPPINES: ‘Philippine Islands’, [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #845142]; 2
PLT: 1 ♂, same data as lectotype [BMNH(E) #845141]); 1 ♂ INDONESIA: Seram ‘Ceram’, [18]55-8 (Madame
Ida Pfeiffer, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845143]. Lectotype designated by Vallotto et al., 2016: 52.
= Orthomeria pandora (Westwood, 1859) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
panguana Hennemann & Conle, 2007: 98 (Lobolibethra)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀, also 2 eggs: PERU: Huanuco, Panguana [Private Conservation Area] captive bred 2007 (P. E .
Bragg) [BMNH(E) #878185-878187]. The ♀ holotype is in MUSM. There are an additional 214 paratypes (112 ♂,
81 ♀, 21 nymphs and eggs) in MNHU, ZSMC, O. Conle & F. Hennemann Colls.
= Lobolibethra panguana Hennemann & Conle, 2007 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
papuanus Hennemann & Conle, 2006: 35 (Papuacocelus)
♂ HT: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Morobe Province, Wau, Kaiserik Road, 1,950 m., 4.v.1981 (A. Harman)
[BMNH(E) #844952]. There is 1 paratype (1 ♀) in F. Hennemann Coll.
= Papuacocelus papuanus Hennemann & Conle, 2006 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae)
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paradoxa Kirby, 1904b: 444 (Acanthoclonia (?))
♀ HT: BRAZIL: Lower Amazon, Forest Santarem, iii.1896 (Mr. F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, during the voyage of
S.S. Faraday) [BMNH(E) #845341].
= Creoxylus paradoxa (Kirby, 1904) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Xerosomatini)
pardalina Westwood, 1859: 18 (Anisomorpha)
3 ST: 1 ♂ CHILE: ‘Chili’, [18]44-101 (Purch. Cuming, Bill 454) selected as lectotype by Hennemann & Conle but
not yet published; 1 ♂ ST same data as selected lectotype, 1 ♀ ST CHILE: ‘Chili’, [18]44-138 (Mr. Bell); both
selected as paralectotypes [BMNH(E) #878232-878234].
= Junior subjective synonym of Agathemera crassa (Blanchard, 1851) (Agathemeridae: Agathemerinae)
paromalus Westwood, 1859: 17 (Anisomorpha)
♂ LT & 1 ♀ PLT: VENEZUELA: (Dyson) [BMNH(E) #845248-845249].
Lectotype designated by Conle & Hennemann, 2002: 28, who remarked that the locality is believed to be in error.
= Anisomorpha paromalus Westwood, 1859 (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini)
pasimachus Westwood, 1859: 109 (Cyphocrania)
♀ HT: AUSTRALIA: ‘New Holland’, N. & N.W. Coast & Houtman’s Abrolhos, [18]44-4 (B. Bynoe, Pres. Haslar
Hospital) [BMNH(E) #845031].
= Paronchestus pasimachus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
passalus Westwood, 1859: 132 (Necroscia)
♂ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #844856].
= Sosibia passalus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
paxillus Westwood, 1859: 127 (Phasma)
♂ HT: BRAZIL: ‘Para, Pernambuco & Rio’, [18]45-56 (Pres. Mr. & Mrs. J. P. G. Smith) [BMNH(E) #845329].
= Planudes paxillus (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
peelensis Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000a: 128 (Sipyloidea)
♂ HT & 2 PT: HT [CHINA:] Hong Kong, Victoria Peak, Peel Rise, v.1995 (F. Seow-Choen) [BMNH(E) #844843];
2 PT: 1 ♀ same data as holotype; 1 ♀ same data as holotype, except 10.vii.1996 [BMNH(E) #844844-844845].
There are 2 additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in F. Seow-Choen Coll.
= Junior subjective synonym of Huananphasma amica (Bey-Bienko, 1959) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
peleus Gray, 1835: 22 (Perlamorphus)
♀ HT: [INDIA:] Malabar, [18]40-4-2-1305 (Purch. Mr. Children) Locality probably MALAYSIA, not India
(Brock, 1999a: 185) [BMNH(E) #845156].
= Presbistus peleus (Gray, 1835) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
pendleburyi Brock, 1999a: 128 (Parabaculum)
♂ HT & 7 PT: HT MALAYSIA: ‘Malay Penin.’, [Kedah], [Gunung Jerai], Kedah Peak, 3,300 ft., 27.iii.1928 (H.
M. Pendlebury) [BMNH(E) #844996]; 5 PT: 1 ♂ & 4 ♀ same data as holotype, except other dates from 14-
26.iii.1928; 2 PT:1 ♂ & 1 ♀, same data as holotype, except 3,978 ft., 9.iii.1928 [BMNH(E) #844997-845003].
= Parabaculum pendleburyi Brock, 1999 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
peninsularis Kirby, 1904b: 434 (Sosibia)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] Penang, [18]96-126 (Pres. S. S. Flower) [BMNH(E) #844857].
= Junior subjective synonym of Sosibia nigrispina Stål, 1875 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
perfoliatus Gray, 1835: 15 (Cladomorphus)
2 ST: 1 ♀ & 1 ♀ nymph, BRAZIL: [BMNH(E) #845245-845246]. The ♂ syntype not traced.
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= Ceroys (Ceroys) perfoliatus (Gray, 1835) (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Pygirhynchini)
peridromes Westwood, 1859: 13 (Bacillus)
♀ HT: AUSTRALIA: [18]50-117 (Purch. Argent) [BMNH(E) #844753].
= Candovia peridromes (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Necrosciinae)
periphanes Westwood, 1859: 70 (Anophelepis)
♀ HT: AUSTRALIA: [Western Australia], Swan River, [18]43-14 (Pres. Dr. Richardson) [BMNH(E) #845092].
= Lysicles periphanes (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Tropidoderinae: Tropidoderini)
peristhenes Westwood, 1859: 13 [Bacillus)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: ‘New Holland’, N. & N.W. Coast & Houtman’s Abrolhos, [18]44-4 (B. Bynoe,
Pres. Haslar Hospital) [BMNH(E) #845061-845062].
= Echetlus peristhenes (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
pfeifferae Westwood, 1859: 44 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT: [INDONESIA:] Seram ‘Ceram’, [18]55-8 (Madame Ida Pfeiffer, Purch. S. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844673].
= Myronides pfeifferae (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
phacellus Westwood, 1859: 169 (Prisopus)
♂ HT: [BRAZIL:] Amazon, Tefé ‘Ega on the River’, [18]57-20 (Mr. Bates, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845175].
= Prisopus phacellus Westwood, 1859 (Prisopodidae: Prisopodinae: Prisopodini)
phantasma Westwood, 1859: 126 (Phasma)
♂ HT: BRAZIL: Amazon, Tapajós River ‘Banks of the Rio Tapayos’, [18]53-27 (Bates, Purch. Stevens)
[BMNH(E) #844547].
= Phantasca phantasma (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
phelaus Westwood, 1859: 113 (Platycrania)
♀ HT: FIJI: ‘Feejee Islands’ (Macgillivray) [BMNH(E) #845076].
= Megacrania phelaus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
philippinensis Bragg, 1998: 58 (Dares)
♀ HT & 4 PT: HT PHILIPPINES: Palawan Island, Brookes Point, Mainit Mountains, Mainit, ii.1983 (C. L. Chan)
[BMNH(E) #845352]; 3 PT: 1 ♂, 1 ♂ nymph & 1 ♀ same data as holotype [BMNH(E) #845353, 845369-845370];
1 PT: 1 ♀ nymph PHILIPPINES, Palawan Island, Brookes Point, 1974 (R. Rodriguez) [BMNH(E) #845189].
= Dares philippinensis Bragg, 1998 (Heteropterygidae: Dataminae)
philippinicum Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel, 2009: 30 (Phyllium (Phyllium))
12 PT: 5 ♂, 5 ♀, 2 nymphs + 2 eggs PHILIPPINES: Luzon I., Mountain Province, bred specimens 2007-2009 (A. J.
E. Harman) [BMNH(E) #878188-878199]. The ♀ holotype is in ZSMC. There are 112 additional paratypes (63 ♂,
48 ♀, 1 nymph + eggs in all depositories listed) in ISNB (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), MNHU (2 ♂ & 10 ♀), MSNG (1 ♂ & 1 ♀)
and ZSMC (1 ♂), also in J. Bresseel (5 ♂, 5 ♀), O.Conle (26 ♂, 15 ♀), M. Gottardo (2 ♂ & 1 ♀) and F.
Hennemann (25 ♂, 15 ♀ & 1 ♀ nymph) Colls.
= Phyllium (Phyllium) philippinicum Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel, 2009 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae:
Phylliini)
phillipsi Kirby, 1896a: 467 (Ischnopoda)
♀ HT: SOMALIA: 'Somali-land’ [BMNH(E) #844928].
= Bactrododema phillipsi (Kirby, 1896) (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
phluctainoides Rehn, 1904: 73 (Marmessoidea)
3 ST: 3 ♀ JAPAN: [BMNH(E) #844786-844788]. There are 9 additional syntypes in ANSP (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), USNM (1
♂ & 5 ♀), ZMPA (1 ♀), although Rehn referred to 16 specimens (1 ♂ & 15 ♀).
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= Micadina phluctainoides (Rehn, 1904) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
pholcus Westwood, 1859: 122 (Phasma)
2 ST: 2 ♂ BRAZIL: Amazon, Santarem, Tefé ‘Ega on the River’, vii-ix.1855, [18]56-69 (H.W. Bates, Purch.
Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845330-845331].
= Prexaspes (Elasia) pholcus (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
pholidotus Westwood, 1859: 143 (Necroscia)
2 ST: 1 ♂ [BANGLADESH:] Sylhet ‘Silhet’ [18]47-2 (Stainforth, Purch. W.C. Hewitson Esq.); 1 ♀
[MYANMAR:] ‘E. Indies’, Moulmein, [18]43-43 (Purch. Archdeacon Clark) [BMNH(E) #844858-844859]. There
are 2 additional syntypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Sosibia pholidotus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
pictus Brunner, 1907: 333 (Bacunculus)
2 PLT: 1 ♂ [GUATEMALA:] Vera Paz, Senahu (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.); 1 ♂ [MEXICO:] Vera Paz,
Atoyac (Schumann, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844536-844537]. The lectotype ♂ designated by Conle
& Hennemann, 2012a: 62 and 1 ♂ paralectotype are in NHMW. Not traced in SMNS.
= Paracalynda picta (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
pirithous Westwood, 1859: 134 (Necroscia)
♀ HT: [INDONESIA:] Java (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Company) [BMNH(E) #844794].
= Necroscia pirithous Westwood, 1859 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
plagiatus Redtenbacher, 1906: 135 (Isagoras)
1 ST: 1 ♂ PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, 2,500-4,000 ft., (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845325].
There are additional syntypes in NHMW (5 ♂ & 1 ♀), also in MNHN, MNMS, ZMAS, ZMHB, and ZMUH.
= Isagoras plagiatus Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
planulum Westwood, 1859: 34 (Phasma)
♀ HT: [HAITI:] St Domingo, [18]55-1 (Mr. Tweedie, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845318].
= Hesperophasma planulum (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Hesperophasmatini)
ploiaria Westwood, 1859: 79 (Phibalosoma)
♂ HT: South America? ‘N. & N.W. Coast of America’, [18]50-12 (Capt. Kellett C. B. & Lieut. Woods) [BMNH(E)
#844545].
= Bacteria ploiaria (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
portentosa Kirby, 1904b: 442 (Eurycantha)
2 ST: 2 ♀ [PAPUA NEW GUINEA:] Louisiade Islands, Rossel Island, [18]89-89 (Pres. Basil Thompson Esq.)
[BMNH(E) #844597-844598].
= Eurycantha portentosa Kirby, 1904 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
porus Westwood, 1859: 42 (Lonchodes)
♂ HT: [MYANMAR:] ‘E. Indies’, Moulmein, [18]43-43 (Purch. Archdeacon Clark) [BMNH(E) #844774].
= Lopaphus porus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
praetermissus Brunner, 1907 (Bacunculus)
2 PLT: 1 ♂ [GUATEMALA:] S. Geronimo (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) 1 ♂ COSTA RICA: (Van Patten,
Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844554-844555]. The lectotype ♂ designated by Zompro 2001b: 216 is in
NHMW.
= Pseudosermyle praetermissa (Brunner, 1907) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
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praon Westwood, 1859: 41 (Lonchodes)
♂ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #844643].
= Lonchodes praon Westwood, 1859 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
prasinus Westwood, 1859: 49 (Acanthoderus)
♀ HT: NEW ZEALAND: [18]52-14 [number incorrect, no Register entry located] (Captain Grey) [BMNH(E)
#844979].
= Acanthoxyla prasina (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthoxylini)
proxima Redtenbacher, 1906: 114 (Holca)
♀ HT: COSTA RICA: R. Susio (H. Rogers, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845308].
= Holca proxima Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
pseudoporus Westwood, 1859: 42 (Lonchodes)
♂ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-16 (Mr. Thwaites, Purch. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #845008].
= Ramulus pseudoporus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
pterodactylus Gray, 1835: 19 (Lonchodes)
1 ST: 1 ♀ [INDIA], Malabar, [18]40-3.30.709 (Purch. Mr. Children) Locality probably MALAYSIA, not India
(Brock, 1995: 84) [BMNH(E) #844597]. The ♂ syntype not traced.
= Junior subjective synonym of Lonchodes brevipes Gray, 1835 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
pulcherrima Kirby, 1904b: 436 (Orthonecroscia)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, [18]79-39 (Purch. E. Gerrard Jnr) [BMNH(E) #844805].
= Orthonecroscia pulcherrima Kirby, 1904 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
pulverulentus Gray, 1835: 34 (Diapherodes)
♀ HT: Locality not known [BAHAMAS, Kirby, 1904c: 364] [BMNH(E) #844949].
= Junior subjective synonym of Diapherodes jamaicensis (Drury, 1773) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae:
Haplopodini)
punctata Gray, 1835: 37 (Platycrana)
♂ HT: INDIA: Malabar, [18]40-4.2.1302 (Purch. Mr. Children) Locality probably MALAYSIA, not India (Brock,
1995: 84) [BMNH(E) #844795].
= Necroscia punctata (Gray, 1835) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
puppeius Westwood, 1859: 125 (Phasma)
♂ HT: BRAZIL: Amazon, Tapajós River ‘Banks of the Rio Tapayos’, [18]53-27 (Bates, Purch. Stevens)
[BMNH(E) #844549].
= Phantasca puppeia (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
pythonius Westwood, 1859: 73 (Phibalosoma)
4 ST: 1 ♀ FIJI: ‘Feejee Islands’, [18]55-46 (Purch. Stevens, Voyage of H.M.S. Herald) selected as lectotype by
Hennemann & Conle but not yet published; 1 ♀ FIJI: ‘Feejee Islands’, [18]55-46 (Purch. Stevens, Voyage of
H.M.S. Herald); 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ FIJI: Fiji Islands, Ngau, [18]56-99 (D. Macgillivray, From Voyage of H.M.S. Herald)
[BMNH(E) #845034-845037] and an additional specimen (1 ♂) in OXUM, all selected as paralectotypes.
= Hermarchus pythonius (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Stephanacridini)
quadrilobulata Brunner, 1907: 329 (Calynda)
♀ HT: COSTA RICA: (Van P att e n, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844522].
= Calynda quadrilobulata Brunner, 1907 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
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rabaeyae Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011: 266 (Olcyphides)
♀ HT, 1 ♂ PT: COLOMBIA: State of Darien, 1909-30 (Harold Hodge) [BMNH(E) #845385-845386].
= Olcyphides rabaeyae Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
rafflesii Gray, 1835: 37 (Platycrana)
♂ HT: [INDONESIA:] Sumatra ‘Belonged to Sir Stamford Raffles & are chiefly from Sumatra’, [18]54-76 (Purch.
Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844778].
= Junior subjective synonym of Marmessoidea rosea (Fabricius, 1793) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
ranarius Westwood, 1859: 53 (Acanthoderus)
♀ HT: PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]54-76 (Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845221]. There is a specimen (1
♀) in OXUM, marked ‘type’ although Westwood did not refer to material other than in NHMUK.
= Tisamenus ranarius (Westwood, 1859) (Heteropterygidae: Obriminae: Tisamenini)
rentzi Brock & Hasenpusch, 2006: 19 (Onchestus)
6 PT: 3 ♂ & 3 ♀, AUSTRALIA: north Queensland, Polly Creek, Garradunga, 18.i.2002 (except 2 ♂ 9.xi.2001 and
1 ♀ 2.x.2001) (J. Hasenpusch) [BMNH(E) #878205-878210]. The ♂ holotype is in QM. There are 11 additional
paratypes (6 ♂ & 5 ♀) in QM (4 ♂ & 4 ♀) and P. D. Brock Coll. (2 ♂ & 1 ♀).
= Onchestus rentzi Brock & Hasenpusch, 2006 (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
rentzi Brock & Grösser, 2008: 83 (Nanophyllium)
♂ HT: IRIAN JAYA: Fak Fak, i.2003 [BMNH(E) #845229].
= Nanophyllium rentzi Brock & Grösser, 2008 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Nanophylliini)
reunionensis Cliquennois & Brock, 2002: 388 (Apterograeffea)
4 PT: 2 ♂ & 2 ♀ RÉUNION: Saint-Philippe, Bassé Valleé, Heureuse, 600-700 m. (one pair 850-900 m.,
18.xi.2000), 8.ix.2001 (N. Cliquennois) [BMNH(E) #845057-845060]. The ♂ holotype is in MNHN. There are 22
additional paratypes (12 ♂ & 10 ♀) in MNHN, MSIRI, NHMW, NHST and P. D. Brock Coll.
= Apterograeffea reunionensis Cliquennois & Brock, 2002 (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
rhipheus Westwood, 1859: 70 (Anophelepis)
2 ST: 2 ♀ AUSTRALIA: ‘New Holland’, N. & N.W. Coast & Houtman’s Abrolhos, [18]44-4 (B. Bynoe,
Pres.Haslar Hospital) ‘Swan River’ in Westwood, 1859 [BMNH(E) #844974-844975].
= Acanthomima rhipheus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthomimini)
ridleyi Kirby, 1904c: 419 (Presbistus)
4 PLT: 4 ♂ SINGAPORE: [18]97-109 (H. N. Ridley) [BMNH(E) #845157-845160]. The lectotype ♂ designated by
Bragg, 2001: 337 and 5 paralectotypes (4 ♂ & 1 ♀) are in RMNH.
= Junior subjective synonym of Presbistus peleus (Gray, 1835) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae:
Aschiphasmatini)
ridleyi Kirby, 1904b: 429 (Bactricia)
♂ HT: SINGAPORE: [18]97-109 (H. N. Ridley) [BMNH(E) #844583].
= Pseudobactricia ridleyi (Kirby, 1904) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
robinsoni Brock & Hasenpusch, 2007: 8 (Candovia)
6 PT: 4 ♂ AUSTRALIA: New South Wales, Springcroft, Mt Murray, nr. Robertson, 15.ii.2007 (P. D. Bro ck ); 1 ♂ &
1 ♀, AUSTRALIA: New South Wales, Rose Ella, Mt Murray, nr. Robertson, 15.ii.2007 (P. D. Brock) [BMNH(E)
#844754-844759]. The ♀ holotype is in ANIC [having been transferred from AMS]. There are 7 additional
paratypes (5 ♂ & 2 ♀) in AMS (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), ANIC (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) and P. D. Brock Coll. (3 ♂). Eggs (not regarded as
paratypes) are deposited in all collections referred to above.
= Candovia robinsoni Brock & Hasenpusch, 2007 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
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roseipennis Gray, 1833: 27 (Phasma (Diura))
♀ HT: AUSTRALIA: [BMNH(E) #845091].
= Junior subjective synonym of Didymuria violescens (Leach, 1814) (Phasmatidae: Tropidoderinae)
ruficeps Kirby, 1904b: 437 (Orthonecroscia)
3 ST: 2 ♂ [1 ♂ damaged, most of abdomen broken off] & 1 ♀ SOLOMON ISLANDS: Guadalcanal ‘Guadalcanar’,
[18]88-64 (Mr. C. M. Woodford, Pres. H. Druce Esq.) [BMNH(E) #844406-844408].
= Orthonecroscia ruficeps Kirby, 1904 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
rufolineata Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011: 120 (Atratomorpha)
♂ HT: COLOMBIA: Garzon, 20.vii.1975 [BMNH(E) #878201]. There are 3 paratypes in ICN (1 ♂ & 2 ♀).
= Atratomorpha rufolineata Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011 (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae:
Anisomorphini)
saevissimus Westwood, 1859: 60 (Acanthoclonia)
2 ST: 2 ♀ BRAZIL: 1 ♀ (Fry Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845247]; BRAZIL: 1 ♀ (Fry Coll.) ‘Ceroys saevissimus var.
Westw.’ [BMNH(E) #878200].
= Ceroys (Miroceroys) saevissimus (Westwood, 1859) (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Pygirhynchini)
sagittarius Bresseel & Bushell, 2009: 60 (Ophicrania)
1 PT: 1 ♂ PHILIPPINES: Mindanao, Mount Apo, Lake Agko, 16.iii.2008 (M. & M. Bushell) [BMNH(E)
#878211]. The ♂ holotype is in IRSBN. There are 2 additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀, also 1 egg) in IRSBN (1 ♀, 1
egg) and M. Gottardo Coll. (1 ♂).
= Ophicrania sagittarius Bresseel & Bushell, 2009 (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
saintluciae Hennemann, Conle & Perez-Gelabert, 2016 (Diapherodes gigantea)
♀ HT & 5 PT: HT SAINT LUCIA: Mount Rochar, Nr. Dennery, 1,100ft., on guava on side of track, 22.30 local
time, 1994 (A. R. & D. P. James) [BMNH(E) #878226]; 2 PT: 2 ♀♀ SAINT LUCIA: [18]89-99 (Mr. Ramage, West
Indian Exploration Organisation) [BMNH(E) #878227-878228]; 3 PT: 1 ♂ SAINT LUCIA: Castries, 9.xi.1934
(H.E. Box); 1 ♂ SAINT LUCIA: Prospect, 9.vi.1936 (H.E. Box); 1 ♂ SAINT LUCIA: ‘W. Indies’, Saint Lucia, La
Perle Estate, ‘Diapherodes sp. not in B.M. det. B. Uvarov 1935’ 1935-320 (J. Frew) [BMNH(E) #878229-878231].
There are 10 additional paratypes (5 ♂ & 5 ♀) in FSCA (1 ♂), MNHN (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) and ASPER Coll. (3 ♂ & 4 ♀).
= Diapherodes gigantea saintluciae Hennemann, Conle & Perez-Gelabert, 2016 (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae:
Haplopodini)
salmacis Westwood, 1859: 116 (Acrophylla)
♂ HT: AUSTRALIA: North Australia, [18]57-134 (J.R. Elsey Esq., Surgeon to the late exploring expedition under
Mr. Gregory) [BMNH(E) #845025].
= Junior subjective synonym of Eurycnema osiris (Gray, 1834) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
salmanazar Westwood, 1859: 133 (Necroscia)
♀ HT: PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844826].
= Scionecra salmanazar (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
salpingus Westwood, 1859: 119 (Phasma)
♀ HT: [COLOMBIA:] Bogota [BMNH(E) #845307].
= Euphasma salpingum (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
samarensis Hennemann & Conle, 2007: 44 (Lonchodiodes)
4 PT: 2 ♂ & 2 ♀ PHILIPPINES: Samar Island, Bobon (sea level), (from culture ‘ex. Zucht’ F. Hennemann, 2003)
and 4 eggs [BMNH(E) #844650-844654]. The ♂ holotype is in ZSMC. There are 104 additional paratypes (53 ♂,
51 ♀ (not 50 as in description) & eggs) in NHMW (2 ♂, 2 ♀ & 4 eggs), UPPC (2 ♂, 2 ♀ & 4 eggs), ZSMC (1 ♂, 2
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♀ & 4 eggs) also in P. E. Bragg (2 ♂, 2 ♀ & 2 eggs), O. Conle (25 ♂, 25 ♀) and F. Hennemann (21 ♂, 18 ♀ &
unspecified number of eggs) Colls.
= Lonchodiodes samarensis Hennemann & Conle, 2007 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
samouellei Gray, 1835: 43 (Bacteria)
♀ HT: Locality unknown [BMNH(E) #845240].
= Heteronemia samouellei (Gray, 1835) (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Heteronemiini)
samsoo Westwood, 1859: 132 (Necroscia)
♀ HT: CHINA: Fuzhou/Foochow ‘Fowchowfoo’, [18]46-24 (Pres. G.T. Laye, Esq.) [BMNH(E) #844846].
= Sipyloidea samsoo (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
santara Westwood, 1859: 159 (Metriotes)
♀ HT: BRAZIL: Amazon, Santarem, [18]53-92 (Mr. Bates, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845326].
= Isagoras santara (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Prexaspini)
sarawaca Westwood, 1859: 31 (Bacteria)
1 PLT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, Sarawak, [18]56-44 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E)
#844719]. The lectotype ♀ designated by Brock, 1995: 87 and 2 additional paralectotypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) are in
OXUM.
= Acacus sarawacus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
sarpedon Westwood, 1859: 139 (Necroscia)
3 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: North Australia, [18]57-134 (J.R. Elsey Esq., Surgeon to the late Exploring
expedition under Mr. Gregory); 1 ♀ [AUSTRALIA:] [18]44-12 (Pres. Entomological Club) [BMNH(E) #844783-
844785].
= Mesaner sarpedon (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
saussurei Kirby, 1889b: 501 (Diapheromera) see kirbyi Zompro, 2001: 218 (Sermyle)
sayi Gray, 1835: 18 (Diapheromera)
1 ST: 1 ♂ U.S.A.: Illinois, ‘Set in manner in which it rests’ Mr. Doubleday, [18]41-5.17.9 (E. Doubleday)
[BMNH(E) #844530]; 1 ♀ U.S.A.: Illinois, [18]41-5.17.8 (E. Doubleday) not traced.
= Junior subjective synonym of Diapheromera femorata (Say, 1824) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae:
Diapheromerini)
schizura Uvarov, 1939c: 559 (Ramulus)
♂ HT: SAUDI ARABIA: Hadramaut, [18]94-235 (Mr. Bent’s Expedition, Pres. Dr. J. Anderson) [BMNH(E)
#844914].
= Clonaria schizura (Uvarov, 1939) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
scotti Ferrière, 1912: 297 (Carausius)
♂ HT: SEYCHELLES: Silhouette, nr. Mont Pot-à-eau, viii.1908 (Percy Sladen Expedition) [BMNH(E) #844588].
= Carausius scotti Ferrière, 1912 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
scythrus Westwood, 1859: 68 (Anophelepis)
♂ LT & 1 ♂ PLT: LT MEXICO: [18]48-11 (Purch. Argent, Bill 198) [BMNH(E) #845320 & #878222]. Lectotype
designated by Hennemann & Conle, 2012b: 77.
= Hypocyrtus scythrus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Hesperophasmatini)
semele Westwood, 1859: 19 (Anisomorpha)
♀ HT: PERU: Andes, [18]46-25 (Pres. Prof. Jameson) [BMNH(E) #845283].
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= Monticomorpha semele (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini)
seowi Brock, 1999a: 87 (Loxopsis)
♀ HT & 2 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Perak, Tapah Hills, iii.1985 (M. K. P. Yeh) [BMNH(E) #844775]; 2 PT: 1 ♀ same
data as holotype; 1 ♂ MALAYSIA: Perak, Tronoh, 30.v.1990 (P. D. Brock) [BMNH(E) #844776-844777]. There
are 2 additional paratypes (2 ♀) in P. D. Brock Coll.
= Loxopsis seowi Brock, 1999 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
sepilokensis Bragg, 1994: 235 (Phenacephorus)
♀ HT & 1 PT: HT [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Sepilok Forest Reserve, 22.viii.1992 (P. E. Bragg) [BMNH(E) #844709];
1 PT: 1 ♀ nymph, captive reared from holotype [BMNH(E) #844710], also 1 paratype egg, mounted with holotype.
There are 4 additional paratypes (2 ♀, 2 ♀ nymphs) in RMNH (1 ♀, 2 ♀ nymphs) and P. E. Bragg Coll. (1 ♀), also
eggs in various collections.
= Phenacephorus sepilokensis Bragg, 1994 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
sepilokensis Bragg, 1998: 73 (Datames borneensis)
1 PT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA: Sabah], Sepilok F[orest] R[eserve] Arboretum, 23.viii.1992 (C. L. Chan) [BMNH(E)
#845371]. The ♀ holotype is in RMNH. There are 2 additional paratypes in F. Seow-Choen Coll. (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) but
4 paratypes (1 ♂ & 3 ♀) in Chan Coll. were not traced in the material delivered to NHMUK.
= Pylaemenes borneensis sepilokensis (Bragg, 1998) (Heteropterygidae: Dataminae)
serratipes Gray, 1835: 42 (Cladoxerus)
♂ HT: [INDIA:] Malabar, [18]40-4.2.1318 (Purch. Mr. Children) Locality probably MALAYSIA, not India
(Brock, 1995: 84) [BMNH(E) #845017].
= Pharnacia serratipes (Gray, 1835) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
servilleanum Westwood, 1859: 98 (Aschipasma)
3 ST [rather damaged]: 1 ♂ & 2 ♀ [INDONESIA:] Java [BMNH(E) #845121-845123]. Also in Serville Coll., but
not traced.
= Junior subjective synonym of Kerabistus (Kerabistus) affinis (de Haan, 1842) (Aschiphasmatidae:
Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
seychellensis Ferrière, 1912: 299 (Graeffea)
♀ HT & 3 PT: HT SEYCHELLE ISLANDS: Mahé, Morne Blanc, high forest (Scott, Percy Sladen Trust
Expedition); 3 ♀ PT nymphs: SEYCHELLE ISLANDS, Mahé, 1908-9 Seychelles Exp. (Percy Sladen Trust
Expedition) [BMNH(E) #845064-845067]. There is an additional paratype (1 ♀) in CUMZ. Other specimens
mentioned, but not traced.
= Graeffea seychellensis Ferriere, 1912 (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
shiva Westwood, 1859: 32 (Bacteria)
♀ HT: INDIA: N. India, Sikkim Him[alaya], [possibly] Khasyah Hills, [18]54-16 (Dr. Hooker, Pres. R. Hislop
Esq.) [BMNH(E) #844816].
= Parasipyloidea shiva (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
siamensis Hennemann & Conle, 2008: 244 (Tirachoidea)
♀ HT & 4 PT: HT THAILAND: N. Thailand, Maetha, Lamphun, x.1998, (Phimpisarn) [BMNH(E) #845018]; 4
PT: 2 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype [BMNH(E) #845019-845021]; 1 ♂, THAILAND, Lomgao, Petchabun,
21.x.1985, (Phimpisarn) [BMNH(E) #487183]. There are 28 additional paratypes & eggs (5 ♂ & 23 ♀) in SMFM
(1 ♀), P. D. Brock (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), O. Conle (12 ♀) and F. Hennemann (4 ♂, 9 ♀ & 60 eggs) Colls.
= Tirachoidea siamensis Hennemann & Conle, 2008 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Pharnaciini)
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siebersi Bragg, 2001: 213 (Anoplobistus)
3 PT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Tawau district, Brumas Camp, 500-700 ft., primary forest, 17-31.x.1973 (C. J. M.
Pruett) [BMNH(E) #845111]; 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Ulu Dusun, 1985 (W. W. W. Wong) [BMNH(E) #845373];
1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Crocker Range, Kimanis logging road, mile 7, v.1986 (Eric Khoo) [BMNH(E)
#845355]. The ♂ holotype and 2 additional paratypes (2 ♂) are in RMNH.
= Anoplobistus siebersi Bragg, 2001 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
sifia Kirby, 1904b: 443 (Eurycantha)
4 ST: 2 ♂ & 2 ♀ [AUSTRALIA:] S. New Guinea, Thursday Island, [18]80-83; locality queried, see Monteith &
Dewhurst, 2011 [BMNH(E) #844953-844956].
= Junior subjective synonym of Eurycantha calcarata Lucas, 1869 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
similis Redtenbacher, 1908: 412 (Bostra)
♀ HT: MEXICO, Jalisco, vii.- (Schumann, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844520].
= Bostra similis Redtenbacher, 1908 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
similis Rentz & John, 1987: 621 (Sipyloidea)
1 PT: 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: 59km ENE of Meekatharra, 14.i.1972 (M. J. D. White) [BMNH(E) #844847]. [1987-267;
In exchange, D. C. F. Rentz, CSIRO 21.ix.1987.] The ♂ holotype and 20 additional paratypes (10 ♂ & 10 ♀) are in
ANIC.
= Sipyloidea similis Rentz & John, 1987 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
simplicitarsis Gray, 1835: 43 (Bacteria)
♀ HT: Locality unknown [BMNH(E) #844529].
= Clonistria simplicitarsis (Gray, 1835) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
singapura Seow-Choen & Brock, 1999: 57 (Asceles)
♂ HT & 1 ♀ PT: SINGAPORE: Upper Pierce Reservoir, vii.1993 (F. Seow-Choen) [BMNH(E) #844748-844749].
There are 20 additional paratypes (9 ♂ & 11 ♀) in ZRC (2 ♂ & 2 ♀) and F. Seow-Choen Coll. (7 ♂ & 9 ♀).
= Asceles tanarata singapura Seow-Choen & Brock, 1999 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
sipylus Westwood, 1859: 138 (Necroscia)
♀ LT & 5 PLT: LT [INDONESIA:] Java, [18]79-64 (Dr. Horsfield, Pres. East India Museum) [BMNH(E)
#844848]; 5 PLT: 1 ♂ & 4 ♀ [BANGLADESH:] Sylhet ‘Silhet’ [BMNH(E) #844849-844853]. Lectotype
designated by Brock, 1995: 92. There is at least one additional paralectotype (1 ♀) in OXUM. The paralectotypes
from Bangladesh belong to an undescribed Sipyloidea species.
= Sipyloidea sipylus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
sodalis Kirby, 1896a: 459 (Dixippus)
♂ HT: [MALAYSIA: Sarawak] ‘North Borneo’, Baram District, [18]94-138 (Mr. C. Hose) [BMNH(E) #844644].
= Staelonchodes sodalis (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
sordidus Kirby, 1896a: 463 (Promachus)
♀ HT & 1 ♀ PT [AUSTRALIA:] S. New Guinea, Thursday Island, [18]80-83; not collected by Rev. R. Toy as in
original description, misquoted from entry for [18]80-82 [BMNH(E) #844965-844966]. Locality queried, see
Monteith & Dewhurst, 2011: 179.
= Neopromachus sordidus (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
soror Redtenbacher, 1906: 106 (Stratocles)
♂ HT: NICARAGUA: Chontales (Janson, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845315].
= Stratocles soror Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
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souchongia Westwood, 1859: 11 (Bacillus)
♂ HT [abdomen broken off and missing]: CHINA: (nr. Macao), [18]44-26 (Pres. John C. Bowring Esq.)
[BMNH(E) #844918].
= Macellina souchongia (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
sparaxes Westwood, 1859: 153 (Necroscia)
2 ST: 1 ♂ SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’, [18]52-62 (R. Templeton) [BMNH(E) #844861]; 1 ♀ SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’,
‘var. of Templeton’s Ceylon species’ [18]63-46 [number incorrect, no Register entry located] (R. Templeton)
[BMNH(E) #844862]. There are 2 additional syntypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Trachythorax sparaxes (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
spinicollis Gray, 1835: 16 (Prisomera)
♀ HT: SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’ [BMNH(E) #844717].
= Prisomera spinicollis Gray, 1835 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
spiniger White, 1846: 24 (Phasma (Acanthoderus))
♂ HT: NEW ZEALAND: [18]45-61 (Dr. A. Sinclair RN) [BMNH(E) #844892].
= Junior subjective synonym of Argosarchus horridus (White, 1846) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthoxylini)
spinosa Cliquennois & Brock, 2004: 8 (Monoiognosis)
2 PT: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ MAURITIUS: Plateau de Mare Longue, 500 m., 15.iii.2001 (N. Cliquennois) [BMNH(E)
#845346-845347]. The ♂ holotype is in MNHN. There are 3 additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 2 ♀) in MHNR (1 ♂ & 1
♀) and MNHN (1 ♀). Eggs deposited in all collections.
= Monoiognosis spinosa Cliquennois & Brock, 2004 (Anareolatae, incertae sedis)
spinosa Hennemann & Conle, 2009: 29 (Phasmotaenia)
♀ HT & 3 PT: ♀ HT SOLOMON ISLANDS: Malaita I., Fulisago-Maelegwasu, 26.v.1955, (E.S. Brown)
[BMNH(E) #845046]; 3 PT: 1 ♀, same data as holotype; 1 ♀ & 1 ♀ nymph SOLOMON ISLANDS: Malaita,
iii.1961, via B. Reid [BMNH(E) #845047-845049]. There are 36 additional PT (8 ♂ & 28 ♀) in O. Conle & F.
Hennemann Colls.
= Phasmotaenia spinosa Hennemann & Conle, 2009 (Phasmatidae: Stephanacridini)
spinosissima Hennemann & Conle, 1998: 304 (Thaumatobactron)
♂ HT & 1 ♂ PT: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Morobe Province, Mt. Kaindi, 8,000 ft., 12.xii.1979 (PT 2,360 m.,
4.v.1981) (A. J. E. Harman) [BMNH(E) #844971-844972].
= Thaumatobactron spinosissima Hennemann & Conle, 1998 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
spinosissima Kirby, 1891: 151 (Enetia)
♀ HT: MADAGASCAR: S.W. Madagascar, Mourondava [18]91-78 (T. Last , Purch. Mr. Grose Smith) [BMNH(E)
#844972].
= Achrioptera spinosissima (Kirby, 1891) (Phasmatidae: Achriopterini)
spinosissima Kirby, 1896a: 464 (Caulonia)
♀ HT: ECUADOR: Archidona (eastern slopes Andes), Banks of River Napo a tributary of the Amazon, iii-iv.1857
[18]58-12 (Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844567].
= Spinopeplus spinosissimus (Kirby, 1896) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
spinosus Kirby, 1889a: 230 (Promachus)
♀ HT: [PAPUA NEW GUINEA:] Louisiade Islands, Rossel Island, 18.x.1888 [18]89-89 (Basil Thomson)
[BMNH(E) #844967].
= Neopromachus spinosus (Kirby, 1889) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
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spinulosus Redtenbacher, 1908: 428 (Pterinoxylus)
1 PLT: 1 ♂ nymph PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, below 4,000 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E)
#844939]. The lectotype ♂ designated by Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011: 64 is in NHMW.
= Pterinoxylus spinulosus Redtenbacher, 1908 (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae: Pterinoxylini)
spuria Kirby, 1904b: 441 (Eubulides)
♀ HT nymph: AUSTRALIA: (Mr. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844951].
= Junior subjective synonym of Dryococelus australis (Montrouzier, 1855) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae:
Eurycanthini)
stali Kirby, 1896a: 471 (Arrhidaeus)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ [PHILIPPINES:] S.E. Luzon, Albay, [18]95-22 (Whitehead Expedition) [BMNH(E) #845079-
845080].
= Junior subjective synonym of Ophicrania stygius (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
stellenboschus Westwood, 1859: 5 (Bacillus)
♂ HT: [SOUTH AFRICA:] Cape of Good Hope [18]42-70 (Pres. R.W. Townsend Esq.) [BMNH(E) #845180].
= Junior subjective synonym of Macynia labiata (Thunberg, 1784) (Bacillidae: Macyniinae)
stilpnoides Kirby, 1888: 547 (Clitumnus)
♂ HT: [INDIAN OCEAN:] Christmas Island, 6.x.1887 [18]88-179 (J. J. Lister Esq.) [BMNH(E) #845004].
= Ramulus stilpnoides (Kirby, 1888) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
stilpnus Westwood, 1859: 39 (Lonchodes)
2 ST: 1 ♂ [INDONESIA:] Java (Dr. Horsfield); 1 ♂ [BANGLADESH:] Sylhet ‘Silhet’, [18]45-107 (Purch. Rev.
Stainsforth, Bill 539) [BMNH(E) #844990-844991]. There are 2 additional syntypes (2 ♂) in OXUM.
= Cuniculina stilpna (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
stomphax Westwood, 1859: 38 (Lonchodes)
♂ HT: [CHINA], Hong Kong, [18]44-121 (John C. Bowring Esq.) [BMNH(E) #844711].
= Phraortes stomphax (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
struthioneus Westwood, 1859: 101 (Lopaphus)
♀ LT & 1 PLT: LT SINGAPORE: [BMNH(E) #844823]; 1 PLT: 1 ♀ SINGAPORE: [18]44-12 (Pres.
Entomological Club) [BMNH(E) #844824]. Lectotype designated by Brock, 1995: 92.
= Phaenopharos struthioneus (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
stygius Westwood, 1859: 136 (Necroscia)
♂ HT: PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands, [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #845078].
= Ophicrania stygius (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Platycraninae)
subflava Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000b: 24 (Lobonecroscia)
♂ HT & 1 ♂ PT: MALAYSIA: Perak, Ulu Piah, ii.1985 (M. K. P. Yeh) [BMNH(E) #844762-844763]. There are 3
additional paratypes (2 ♂ & 1 ♀) in P. D. Brock (1 ♂) and F. Seow-Choen (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) Colls.
= Lobonecroscia subflava Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
substrumosus Redtenbacher, 1908: 357 (Hypocyrtus)
1 PLT: 1 ♀ MEXICO: Rinconada (Shaus, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845319]; ♀ nymph MEXICO:
Cordova (Hoege, Godman & Salvin Coll.) was not listed by Redtenbacher so may not be considered a PLT. The
lectotype ♀ designated by Hennemann & Conle, 2012b: 72 is in NHMW; there are 5 additional paralectotypes (2
♂, 2 ♀ and 1 ♀ nymph) in MNHN (1 ♂ & 1 ♀), NHMW (1 ♀ & 1 ♀ nymph) & ZMUH (1 ♂).
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= Junior subjective synonym of Hypocyrtus postpositus Redtenbacher, 1908 (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae:
Hesperophasmatini)
subvolans Redtenbacher, 1908: 416 (Bacteria)
♂ HT: PANAMA: V. de Chiriqui, below 4,000 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844546].
= Junior subjective synonym of Bacteria ploiaria (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae:
Diapheromerini)
systropedon Westwood, 1859: 44 (Lonchodes)
♀ LT & 1 PLT: LT PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844658].
Lectotype designated by Stål, 1877: 40; 1 PLT: 1 ♀ PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr.
Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844659], labelled ‘var.’, now identified as Mithrenes whiteheadi (Kirby, 1896) [= bilobatus
(Brunner, 1907)], see Hennemann & Conle, 2007: 81.
= Manduria systropedon (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
tanarata Brock, 1999: 54 (Asceles tanarata)
♂ HT & 10 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Pahang, Gunong Jasar, Tanah Rata, 4,700 ft., xi.1980 (A. Harman) [BMNH(E)
#844729]; 10 PT: 5 ♂ & 5 ♀ same data as holotype except, 1 ♀ Tanah Rata, 4,780 ft., 10.v.1939 (H. M.
Pendlebury) and 1 ♀ Cameron Highlands, 4,500-5,000 ft., 19.vii.1935 [BMNH(E) #844730-844739]. There are 2
additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in P. D. Brock Coll.
= Asceles tanarata tanarata Brock, 1999 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
taprobanae Westwood, 1859: 41 (Lonchodes)
1 PLT: 1 ♀ SRI LANKA: ‘Ceylon’ [BMNH(E) #844707]. The lectotype ♀ designated by Hennemann, 2002b: 50
and 2 additional paralectotypes (2 ♂) are in OXUM.
= Paraprisomera taprobanae (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
tegminatus Cliquennois, 2008: 74 (Archantherix)
♂ HT: MADAGASCAR: N.E. Madagascar, Forest Belt, 1946-140 (S. Hutchins) [BMNH(E) #878202].
= Archantherix tegminatus Cliquennois, 2008 (Anisacanthidae: Xerantherinae)
telesphorus Westwood, 1859: 69 (Anophelepis)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: Western Australia, Swan River, [18]43-14 (Pres. Dr. Richardson) [BMNH(E)
#845052-845053].
= Anophelepis telesphorus Westwood, 1859 (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthomimini)
telnovi Brock, 2014: 146 (Phyllium (Phyllium))
♂ HT: INDONESIA E., West Papua, Tamarau Mts, Fef vill[age], ~ 11 km W, 00°46´12"S, 132°19´56"E, ~ 800 m,
13.ii.2012, primeval lowland rainforest, MV light (D. Telnov) [BMNH(E) #845382].
= Phyllium (Phyllium) telnovi Brock, 2014 (Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Phylliini)
tenerrima Redtenbacher, 1906: 109 (Ten e r e lla)
1 ST: 1 ♀ PANAMA: Bugaba, 800-1,500 ft. (Champion, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [845316]. There is an additional
syntype (1 ♂ [but listed as ♀]) in NHMW.
= Tenerella tenerrima Redtenbacher, 1906 (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
tenuis Westwood, 1859: 31 (Bacteria)
♂ HT: Locality unknown [BMNH(E) #844528].
= Clonistria tenuis (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
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FIGURE 4. Phyllium telnovi male holotype.
tessulata Gray, 1835: 44 (Ctenomorpha)
1 ST (?): 1 ♂ AUSTRALIA: (Curtis Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845022]. There are 2 additional syntypes (2 ♂) in OXUM
and MVMA. Westwood is known to have examined Curtis’s material, hence this specimen may be a syntype as
indicated by Kirby, 1904c. For discussion on the correct spelling of the species name, see Key, 1960: 237.
= Anchiale austrotessulata Brock & Hasenpusch, 2007 (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
thami Bragg, 2001: 495 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT & 5 PT: HT + 2 eggs [MALAYSIA:] N. Borneo, Sabah, Ulu Dusun, 14.v.1986 (C. L. Chan & W. W. Wo n g )
[BMNH(E) #845356]; 5 PT: 1 ♂, 1 ♀ nymph same data as holotype [BMNH(E) #845359, 878203]; 1 ♂ & 1 ♀
same data as holotype except 2.vi.1984 (C. L. Chan) [BMNH(E) #844645, 845357]; 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] N.
Borneo, Sabah, Sepilok, 5.vi.1984 (C. L. Chan) [BMNH(E) #844646]. 8 additional paratypes (3 ♂, 4 ♀ & 1 ♀
nymph) in C. L. Chan Coll. (now in NHMUK), have not been traced.
= Staelonchodes thami (Bragg, 2001) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
tithonus Gray, 1835: 23 (Phasma)
3 ST: 1 ♀ BRAZIL: [18]40-4-2-1297 (Mr. Children); 1 ♀ [BRAZIL:] [18]40-4-2-1311 (Mr. Children) [BMNH(E)
#845291-845292]; 1 ST (?) 1 ♂ no data [BMNH(E) #878221].
= Tithonophasma tithonus (Gray, 1835) (Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Pseudophasmatini)
tonquinensis Kirby, 1904b: 437 (Necroscia)
3 ST: 1 ♂ & 2 ♀ [VIETNAM:] Tonkin, Than-Moi, vi-vii. [1902-292] (Herr Frühstorfer) [BMNH(E) #844796-
844798].
= Necroscia tonquinensis Kirby, 1904 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
tridenticulata Redtenbacher, 1908: 411 (Bostra)
♀ HT: MEXICO: Guerrero, Acaguizotla, 3,500 ft. (H. H. Smith, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844521].
= Bostra tridenticulata Redtenbacher, 1908 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
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trollius Westwood, 1859: 40 (Lonchodes)
♂ HT: PHILIPPINES: Philippine Islands [18]42-22 (Purch. Mr. Cuming) [BMNH(E) #844647].
= Lonchodiodes trollius (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
trophinus Westwood, 1859: 30 (Bacteria)
♂ HT [abdomen broken off]: [SOUTH AFRICA:] Durban ‘Port Natal’, [18]54-22 (M. Gueinzius, Purch. S.
Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844579].
= Junior subjective synonym of Bactricia bituberculata (Schaum, 1857) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae:
Diapheromerini)
tuberculata Kirby, 1896a: 462 (Stheneboea)
♀ HT: [MALAYSIA:] Sarawak, Rejang River, [18]87-14 (Pres. H. Brooke Low Esq.) [BMNH(E) #844718].
= Stheneboea tuberculata Kirby, 1896 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
turca Karabag, 1955: 98 (Gratidia)
♀ HT: TURKEY: Hatay, 25.vii.1952 (O. K. Gülen) [BMNH(E) #844908].
= Junior subjective synonym of Clonaria libanica (Uvarov, 1924) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
turgida Westwood, 1859: 28 (Bacteria)
♂ LT & 1 ♀ PLT: VENEZUELA: [18]47-24 (Purch. Dyson, Bill 193) [BMNH(E) #844514-844515]. Lectotype
designated by Zompro, 2001: 200.
= Bostra turgida (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
turneri Bragg, 2006: 15 (Orthomeria (Parorthomeria))
1 PT: 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA: Sarawak] N.W. Borneo, Baram, x.[18]91 (A. Everett) [BMNH(E) #845150]. The ♀
holotype and 3 additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 2 ♀) are in CUMZ (♀ HT, 1 ♂), and P. E. Bragg (1 ♀) and M. Herbert
(1 ♀) Colls.
= Parorthomeria turneri (Bragg, 2006) (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
typhaeus Gray, 1833: 21 (Diura)
♂ HT: AUSTRALIA: [BMNH(E) #845097].
= Junior subjective synonym of Tropidoderus childrenii (Gray, 1833) (Phasmatidae: Tropidoderinae:
Tropidoderini)
typhon Gray, 1833: 17 (Podacanthus)
♀ LT & 1 PLT (?): LT AUSTRALIA: New South Wales, Sydney, [18]40-4-2-1304 (Mr. Children) [BMNH(E)
#845094]; 1 PLT (?): 1 ♂ no data [BMNH(E) #845095]. Lectotype designated by Key, 1960: 235, who considered
this was probably Gray’s intended type from Port Jackson i.e. Sydney.
= Podacanthus typhon Gray, 1833 (Phasmatidae: Tropidoderinae: Tropidoderini)
tyrrhaeus Westwood, 1859: 64 (Eurycantha)
2 ST: 1 ♂ [in spirit collection] [BMNH(E) #878214] & 1 ♀ NEW HEBRIDES: ‘Mare’[?] [18]54-47 (Mr.
Macgillivray, Naturalist to the Herald, pres.by the Admiralty from the voyage of H.M.S. Herald) [BMNH(E)
#844950]. [18]54-47 refers to Lord Howe Island, the next entry [18]54-48 New Hebrides and other islands; Mare,
one of the Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia, is not mentioned in the Register.
= Canachus tyrrhaeus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
undulatus Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011: 309 (Phanocles)
♂ HT: COLOMBIA: Putumayo, Mocoa, 14.ix.1978 (M. Cooper) [BMNH(E) #845387]
= Phanocles undulatus Conle, Hennemann & Gutiérrez, 2011 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae:
Diapheromerini)
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unicolor Hennemann & Conle, 1998: 303 (Thaumatobactron)
♂ HT: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Morobe Province, Shore of L. Trist, 6,000 ft., 2.xi.1979 (I. Redmond) [BMNH(E)
#844973].
= Thaumatobactron unicolor Hennemann & Conle, 1998 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
unidentatus Brunner, 1907: 334 (Bacunculus)
2 ST: 1 ♀ nymph MEXICO: Vera Cruz Atoyac, (Schumann, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845241]; 1 ♀
nymph MEXICO, Jalisco, vii. (Schumann, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #845242]. Brunner described a ♂
adult and ♀ nymph(s) from Vera Cruz; ♂ not traced.
= Heteronemia unidentatus (Brunner, 1907) (Heteronemiidae: Heteronemiinae: Heteronemiini)
unnoi Brock, 1999a: 38 (Neohirasea)
♂ HT & 21 PT: HT MALAYSIA: Pahang, Tanah Rata, 31.v.1990 (P. D. Brock). [BMNH(E) #844685]; 21 PT: 8 ♂
MALAYSIA: Pahang, Gunung Jasar, Tanah Rata, 4,700 ft., 6.x.1980 (x4), xi.1980 (x3), 5.xi.1980 (x1) (A.
Harman); 8 ♀ same data, xi.1980 (x7), 6.x.1980 (x1); 5 ♀ MALAYSIA: Pahang, Fraser’s Hill, 20.vii.1936 (H. M.
Pendlebury) (x1), 12.ix.1936 (x1), 14.ix.1936 (x1), 18.ix.1936 (x1) & 19.ix.1936 (x1) [BMNH(E) #844686-
844706]. There are 10 additional paratypes (4 ♂ & 6 ♀) in P. D. Brock Coll.
= Neohirasea unnoi (Brock, 1999) (Phasmatidae: Necrosciinae)
valgius Westwood, 1859: 126 (Phasma)
♂ HT: Locality unknown [BMNH(E) #844548].
= Phantasca valgius (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
venilia Westwood, 1859: 118 (Phasma)
♀ HT: [COLOMBIA:] New Granada, Bogota [18]56-142 (Purch. Stevens, from the collection of the late Mr.
Stevens of Santa Fe da Bogota) [BMNH(E) #845306].
= Cesaphasma venilia (Westwood, 1859) (Pseudophasmatidae: Stratocleinae)
victoria Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000a: 134 (Entoria)
♂ HT & 1 PT: HT [CHINA], H[ong] K[ong], [Victoria Peak], Peel Rise, 10.vii.1996 (F. Seow-Choen) [BMNH(E)
#844992]; 1 PT: 1 ♀ [CHINA], Hong Kong, Victoria Peak, v.1995 (F. Seow-Choen) [BMNH(E) #844993]. There
are 2 additional paratypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in F. Seow-Choen Coll.
= Entoria victoria Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000 (Phasmatidae: Clitumninae: Clitumnini)
virgatus Kirby, 1896a: 452 (Lonchodes)
♂ HT: [INDONESIA:] Buru ‘Boroo/Borou’ [18]63-8 (Mr. A. R. Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844593].
= Junior subjective synonym of Hermagoras foliopeda (Olivier, 1792) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
virgea Hennemann & Conle, 2009: 33 (Phasmotaenia)
♀ HT & 2 PT: HT SOLOMON ISLANDS: New Georgia, 20.v.1963, (R. W. Paine) [BMNH(E) #845349]; 2 PT: 1
♂ SOLOMON ISLANDS: Munda, 20.v.1963, (R. W. Paine); 1 ♀ same data except xii.[19]60 [BMNH(E)
#845350-845351].
= Phasmotaenia virgea Hennemann & Conle, 2009 (Phasmatidae: Stephanacridini)
viridis Gray, 1835: 17 (Bacteria)
♀ HT: VANUATU: Éfaté ‘Sandwich Isles’ [BMNH(E) #844915].
= Clonaria viridis (Gray, 1835) (Diapheromeridae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini)
viridis Bragg, 2005: (Dinophasma)
♀ HT & 1 PT: HT [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kinabalu N.P., Silau Silau trail, 3.viii.2001 (P. E. Bragg, ref. PEB-3155)
[BMNH(E) #845117]; 1 PT: 1 ♂ [MALAYSIA:] Sabah, Kinabalu N.P. Silau Silau trail, 3.viii.2001 (P. E. Bragg,
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ref. PEB-3156) [BMNH(E) #845118]. There are 2 additional paratypes in P. E. Bragg (1 ♂) and F. Hennemann (1
♀) Colls.
= Dinophasma viridis Bragg, 2005 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
viridis Kirby, 1904a: 373 (Lonchodes)
2 ST: 2 ♀ VIETNAM: Tonkin, Than-Moi, vi-vii.- [1902-292] (Purch. Herr Frühstorfer) [BMNH(E) #844648-
844649].
= Lonchodes viridis Kirby, 1904 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
viridissima Kirby, 1904b: 440 (Eurycnema)
♀ LT & 1 PLT: LT AUSTRALIA: Moreton Bay, [18]57-1 (Mr. Diggles, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #845027]; 1
PLT: 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: North Australia [BMNH(E) #845028]. Lectotype designated by Brock, 1998c: 62.
= Junior subjective synonym of Eurycnema goliath (Gray, 1834) (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Phasmatini)
vittata Westwood, 1859: 69 (Anophelepis)
1 ST: 1 ♀ MEXICO: [18]48-11 (Purch. Argent, Bill 198) [BMNH(E) #845321]. There is an additional syntype (1
♀) in OXUM.
= Junior subjective synonym of Hypocyrtus scythrus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae:
Hesperophasmatini)
walkeri Kirby, 1896a: 469 (Vasilissa)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ AUSTRALIA: N W Australia, Queen’s Islet [18]90-126 (Mr. J. J. Walker, RN, Voyage of H.M.S.
Penguin) [BMNH(E) #844985-844986].
= Vasilissa walkeri Kirby, 1896 (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Acanthomimini)
wallacei Westwood, 1859: 181 (Acanthoderus)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ NEW GUINEA: Aru Island, [18]58-48 (Mr. A. R. Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844968-
844969]. There are 5 additional syntypes (3 ♂ & 2 ♀) in OXUM.
= Neopromachus wallacei (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini)
wayi Kirby, 1902b: 449 (Bactrododema)
♂ HT: MALAWI: ‘British Central Africa’, Fort Johnson, ‘Flew into Billiard room of club house’ 1902-84 (Lewis
A. Way) [BMNH(E) #844933].
= Bactrododema wayi Kirby, 1902 (Diapheromeridae: Palophinae)
wegneri Bragg, 1995b: 47 (Kalocorinnis)
1 ♀ PT: MALAYSIA: Sepilok, Sandakan, Sabah, 23.ii.1983 (Shinji Nagai) [BMNH(E) #845388]. The ♀ holotype
is in RMNH.
= Kalocorinnis wegneri Bragg, 1995 (Prisopodidae: Korininae)
westwoodi Kirby, 1904c: 376 (Necroscia)
♀ HT SINGAPORE: [18]97-203 (H. N. Ridley) [BMNH(E) #844799].
= Necroscia westwoodi Kirby, 1904 (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
whiteheadi Kirby, 1896a: 451 (Lonchodes)
♀ HT: [PHILIPPINES:] S.E. Luzon, Albay, [18]85-22 (Whitehead Expedition) [BMNH(E) #844670].
= Mithrenes whiteheadi (Kirby, 1896) (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
woodfordi Kirby, 1896a: 455 (Chondrostethus)
2 ST: 1 ♂ & 1 ♀ SOLOMON ISLANDS: [18]87-3 (C. M. Woodford) [BMNH(E) #844589-844590].
= Chondrostethus woodfordi Kirby, 1896 (Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini)
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xiphias Westwood, 1859: 71 (Anophelepis)
1 ST: 1 ♀ [INDONESIA:] Seram ‘Ceram’, [18]55-8 (Madame Ida Pfeiffer, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E) #844809].
There are 2 additional syntypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Orxines xiphias (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
xiuyuae Brock & Seow-Choen, 1999: 150 (Abrosoma)
♀ HT [BMNH(E) #845109] & 1 ♂ PT: SINGAPORE: Island Club Road, v.1994 (♂, xi.1993) (F. Seow-Choen & I.
Seow-En) [BMNH(E) #845110]. There are 7 additional paratypes (2 ♂ & 5 ♀) in BPBM (1 ♂), ZRC (1 ♀), and P.
D. Brock (1 ♀) and F. Seow-Choen (1 ♂ & 3 ♀) Colls.
= Abrosoma xiuyuae Brock & Seow-Choen, 1999 (Aschiphasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini)
yehi Brock, 1999a: 104 (Parastheneboea)
♀ HT: MALAYSIA: Perak, Tapah Hills, iv.1989 (M. K. P. Yeh) [BMNH(E) #844818].
= Orthostheneboea yehi (Brock, 1999) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
zehntneri Redtenbacher, 1908: 421 (Bacteria)
1 ST: 1 ♀ [MEXICO:] Vera Cruz, Atoyac, iv.- (H. H. Smith, Godman & Salvin Coll.) [BMNH(E) #844509]. An
additional syntype (1 ♀) has not been traced in MHNG.
= Phanocles zehntneri (Redtenbacher, 1908) (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini)
zeuxis Westwood, 1859: 151 (Necroscia)
1 ST: 1 ♀ [MALAYSIA:] ‘Borneo’, Sarawak, [18]56-44 (Mr. Alfred Wallace, Purch. Stevens) [BMNH(E)
#844825]. There are 2 additional syntypes (1 ♂ & 1 ♀) in OXUM.
= Laevediacantha zeuxis (Westwood, 1859) (Diapheromeridae: Necrosciinae)
Acknowledgements
Our thanks are due to Oskar Conle and Frank Hennemann for information on certain type specimens, to David
Ragge for his helpful comments on the style and content of this work, and to Theresa Howard for identifying the
various errors which had evaded our attention.
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... However, the larger individualsare currently very rare. Mature individuals show distal branching and well-defined trunk, apical part of the branches dropping, leaves 3–4 ð 1 mm linear with revolute margins (McClintock, 1994;Jardim et al., 2007). The first-line tree heath (32 ° 45 0 23 00 N; 17 ° 03 0 25 00 W) was 7-m high and had a diameter of 30 cm at 40-cm height. ...
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Paraphasma Redtenbacher, 1906 is a genus of fully-winged stick insects occurring in central and northern South America. We carried out a morphology-based taxonomic revision of this genus with emphasis on the phallic organ, a structure that has been poorly explored for taxonomic purposes in Phasmatodea. Additionally, pairwise genetic distances between mitochondrial COI gene sequences were calculated for ten Paraphasma specimens representing six species. We recognize nine valid species in the genus plus one nomen dubium, Paraphasma fasciatum Gray, 1835. We redescribe Paraphasma and the species previously assigned to it, describe Paraphasma indistinctum Chiquetto-Machado sp. nov., Paraphasma sooretama Chiquetto-Machado sp. nov. and Paraphasma spinicauda Chiquetto-Machado sp. nov., and provide a key to the species in the genus. The male of Paraphasma minus Redtenbacher, 1906 is described for the first time, as well as the eggs of six species. We transfer Paraphasma amabile Redtenbacher, 1906 to Pseudophasma Kirby, 1896 (comb. nov.) and synonymize Pseudophasma xanthotaenidium Günther, 1930 under this species (syn. nov.). In addition, Phasma perspicillaris Stoll, 1813 is removed from the synonymy of Paraphasma laterale (Fabricius, 1775) and synonymized under Parastratocles xanthomela (Olivier, 1792) (syn. nov.). The examination of the phallic organ was essential for species delimitation, as most species of Paraphasma are very similar in the external morphology of both sexes. The analysis of the COI sequences supported the species delimitation, resulting in remarkably lower pairwise distances between conspecific individuals (p-distance ≤ 2.0%) than between different species (p-distance 6.9–17.5%). We hope that this paper will stimulate further studies exploring the taxonomic and phylogenetic potential of the internal male genitalia of stick insects.
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The subfamily Korinninae is reviewed. A key to genera and species is provided. Kalocorinnis pulchella (de Haan), was previously placed in a different suborder, was found to be the senior synonym of Kalocorinnis calopteryx Günther. Variation in the males of K. pulchella is discussed and illustrated. A new species, Kalocorinnis wegneri, from Borneo, is described and illustrated. The female of Korinnis errans Günther is illustrated. The egg of K. wegneri is the first egg to be described and illustrated from this subfamily.
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