This paper introduces a conception of collective trust applied to organizational settings. In contrast with widely studied interpersonal forms of trust, collective trust is conceptualized as a kind of generalized trust conferred on other organizational members. The paper elaborates on the psychological, relational, and structural underpinnings of collective trust. It then explicates individual ... [Show full abstract] and organizational consequences. The paper also discusses methodological approaches to studying collective trust, ranging from laboratory simulations to field-based, qualitative studies. Representative findings from such studies are summarized.