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Becoming a nation of readers: The report of the Commission on Reading

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  • The Ohio State University / University of Auckland
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... For example, attempts to integrate the many prevailing theories of learning (e.g., Alexander et al., 2009) have been met with significant skepticism (e.g., Graesser, 2009;Säljö, 2009) and sadly little traction. There have been similar attempts to achieve parsimony among theories of motivation (Murphy & Alexander, 2000;Pintrich, 2003), selfregulated learning (Winne, 1995), and literacy (Anderson et al., 1985). Each attempt has been earnest, yet each has been followed by the publication of yet another attempt at synthesis years later (Frankel et al., 2017;Hattie et al., 2020;Linnenbrink-Garcia et al., 2016;Panadero, 2017), suggesting little progress toward integration or parsimony. ...
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One of the field of psychology’s stated goals is to produce scholarship with findings that benefit the world. Over the last 10 years, psychology scholarship and its presumed societal benefits have been called into question due to the field’s history of questionable research practices, racism, and epistemic oppression. Calls for methodological, ethical, and practical reforms are essential to building a psychological science that is just, effective, reliable, and beneficial. Recently, these calls have been complemented by a push to reform how theory is developed and used in psychology. There is great need for better understanding and implementation of theory development, both in the field of psychology broadly as well as in its subdisciplines, including educational psychology. At the same time, educational psychologists have much to contribute to the tripartite calls for methodological, ethical, and theory reforms. In this paper, I explore theory development in psychology by discussing the importance of developing both the descriptive and explanatory aspects of theory as well as the need to refine how theory is evaluated and integrated. Then, I review how innovations and practices in educational psychology can inform the broader theory reform movement in psychology writ large. Finally, I identify important future directions for further advancing theory reform in psychology, including addressing ableism in the field, increasing the field’s hospitability for theory revision, furthering theory development transparency, and more deeply integrating theory development into preparation programs.
... Research on the Complexity of Beginning Reading Texts q3 Over the decades when American beginning reading texts were organized by grade levels, readability formulas were the basis for text assignments (Dale & Chall, 1948;Spache, 1953). When Becoming a Nation of Readers (Anderson et al., 1985) called for a cessation in the use of readability formulas as the basis for text creation or selection, two ways of measuring the complexity of early texts replaced readability formulas: (a) computerized quantitative systems and (b) qualitative measures. ...
... Un rapporto commissionato dal Dipartimento dell'Istruzione degli Stati Uniti (Anderson et al., 1985) intitolato Becoming a Nation of Readers, ha rilevato come l'attività più importante per costruire le conoscenze necessarie per un eventuale successo nella lettura sia leggere ad alta voce ai bambini. Più di recente, uno studio longitudinale australiano ha scoperto che i bambini ai quali era stato letto ottenevano risultati di gran lunga migliori nei test di alfabetizzazione nazionali, rispetto agli altri (Mullan, Daraganova, 2012). ...
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Il libro, che nasce dall’esigenza di fare il punto sui risultati e sui metodi della ricerca empirica relativa alla lettura ad alta voce, riproduce cinque studi condotti in diverse parti del mondo, scelti in modo da essere rappresentativi di differenti orientamenti e metodi di indagine, oltre che di prestigiose riviste internazionali ad accesso libero (open access) e peer reviewed. La diffusione in lingua italiana di questi contributi, introdotta da un sag- gio di Federico Batini su La lettura, i metodi di ricerca, l’importanza della condivisione (open access), la collaborazione internazionale, intende sol- lecitare anche nel nostro Paese insegnanti, studiosi e decisori ad attribuire un ruolo fondamentale alla didattica della lettura ad alta voce durante l’intero percorso di istruzione ed educazione, e non solo nella fascia infantile, su cui tendono a concentrarsi già da alcuni decenni le azioni educative e le attività di ricerca. Il futuro della lettura ad alta voce, se osservato dal particolare punto di vista della ricerca internazionale, sembra promettere, in risposta a una maggiore consapevolezza degli effetti dell’esposizione alla lettura, un’intensificazione delle indagini e un ampliamento del campo di applicazione didattica alle età scolari. Testi di Susan Ledger, Margaret K. Merga, Jennifer Kohart Marchessault, Karen H. Larwin, Oladotun Opeoluwa Olagbaju, Olubunmi Racheal Babalola, Emanuele Castano, Alison Jane Martingano, Pietro Perconti, Marloes Schrijvers, Tanja Janssen, Olivia Fialho, Gert Rijlaarsdam. Il volume è curato da: Federico Batini, professore associato di Pedagogia sperimentale all’Università degli Studi di Perugia. (Federico Batini è autore di oltre 350 pubblicazioni scientifiche; tra le ultime sui temi di questo volume si segnalano: Ad alta voce. La lettura che fa bene a tutti (Giunti, 2021) e, con S. Giusti (a cura di), Tecniche per la lettura ad alta voce (2021, FrancoAngeli); Lettura ad alta voce (Carocci, 2022). Dirige il Master in Orientamento Narrativo e Prevenzione della Dispersione scolastica (Dipartimento FISSUF, Università degli Studi di Perugia) e le riviste LLL (Lifelong Lifewide Learning) ed Effetti di Lettura (Cepell). Responsabile scientifico del progetto Leggere: Forte! Ad alta voce fa crescere l’intelligenza della Regione Toscana, del progetto nazionale Leggimi ancora (Giunti Scuola), del progetto Lettrici e Lettori Forti (Fondazione Cariparma) e di Ad Alta Voce Porta Palazzo (Riconnessioni-Fondazione Scuola) e del progetto Educare alla lettura Ad Alta Voce (Salone del Libro - Cepell).
... People who read a lot can gain considerable useful information and knowledge in their lives. Anderson, Hiebert, Scott, and Wilkinson (1985) explain that reading is an activity needed by a person to gain useful knowledge in their life, both in school and outside school. In reality, we can see that people who read more are able to solve problems more easily than those who do not. ...
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IAFOR Journal of Education: Volume 5 – Issue 3 – Winter 2017 Editor: Bernard Montoneri, National Chengchi University, Taiwan Published: December 4, 2017 ISSN: 2187-0594 https://doi.org/10.22492/ije.5.3 https://iafor.org/journal/iafor-journal-of-education/volume-5-issue-3/
... Classroom reading activities such as oral reading, reading aloud, silent reading, listening, writing, and discussion are considered as helpful activities in developing reading achievement. Reading aloud should be considered the most important activity in reading class (Anderson et al, 1985). It is the most fundamental practice for literacy development over the century (Snow et al, 1998). ...
Conference Paper
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Exploration Of Fish Market Potential: Determinants Of Fish Demand In Northern Ethiopia Abebe Ejigu Alemu, University of South Africa, South Africa Jimi Adesina, University of South Africa, South Africa ABSTRACT A rising demand for food is one of the global challenges for which aquatic food bases play a role in filling the prevailing nutritional requirements of human beings. However, the level of fish consumption in northern Ethiopia is limited. This study investigates the reasons why fish fail to become a staple food and assesses the demand determinants among selected households in northern Ethiopia, Tigray. A sample of 420 households was interviewed using a structured questionnaire that was administered using trained enumerators. Heckman’s two-stage model was employed to identify determinants affecting willingness to consume and the intensity of fish consumption. According to the descriptive statistical results, 6% of the respondents had previous fish consumption experience (within the past 6 months). The rest 94% did not consume fish due to several reasons such as a shortage of supply, lack of habit and cooking experience, fear of spoilage, religious belief and lack of interest. Interestingly, 72% of the households have shown willingness to consume fish if improvements are made in terms of supply, awareness creation to bring attitudinal change, capacity building, quality, and standardized transportation. A crucial factor in the fish value chain in Tigray is the road from Tekeze to Mekelle and the quality of processing in Tekeze Lake. If a convenient and reliable cold chain were developed between Tekeze and Mekelle, price and availability would also improve. The relevant stakeholders who work on food security in Tigray should promote fish as an important food item. Improving the supply standards of fish and training will improve the demand for fish. Encouraging the fishery cooperatives and the private sector in processing, transporting and packaging of fish products may also improve the situation. Keywords: Fish Market, Food Security, Tekeze
... It is a consensus in reading research that reading has a social and economic impact. People with better reading skills are more likely to be successful at school (Duff, Tomblin, & Catts, 2015;Locher & Pfost, 2020;McKeown & Curtis, 2014;Nyarko, Kugbey, Kofi, Cole, & Adentwi, 2018) and at work (Anderson et al., 1988;Diehl & Mikulecky, 1980;Watson, 2016). ...
Article
Although the government has made an effort to encourage reading, a Vietnamese person only reads four books per year on average. As low reading culture might hinder Vietnam's pursuit of a knowledge-driven economy, this paper examines the relationship of students' reading attitudes with gender, reading promotion activities, par-ents' involvement. A dataset of 4966 secondary students in Northern Vietnam was used. The Bayesian method was employed to analyze the relationship between students' reading attitudes and the following factors: their gender, reading promotion activities, parents' involvement. The findings suggest that female students show more interest in reading than male students. Shared reading between parents and children positively correlates with students' reading attitudes while buying books for children does not. All types of activities and services promoting reading habits positively correlate with students' attitudes towards reading activities. Among the four examined services (storytelling contests, story-writing contest, book exhibition, and drawing book illustration), story-telling contest shows a strong association with reading attitudes while drawing book illustration has the weakest impact on reading attitudes.
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This quantitative research was conducted to perceive the perceptions of L2 non-native students in Punjab, Pakistan. Data was collected to answer the questions of problems encountered by the L2 students on listening comprehension in non-elite private secondary schools. Questionnaire was segregated into four categories. A high mean score of all categories justified the actual problems faced by the students in L2 classrooms. The sample for this study consisted of 40 students who answered the questionnaire on the Likert scale. The investigation results showed that students frequently faced difficulties in listening comprehension due to insufficient vocabulary, speed of speech delivery, form of language, lack of interest, complex grammatical sentences, and physical setting of the classrooms that have a problem with volume or the quality of sound. The use of digital learning strategies can remediate the difficulties of more or less skilled learners' during listening activities in the classroom. The recommendations for further research are also suggested in this article.
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Today, more than ever, the uninformed person misses out on the opportunity to be a part of history as it is being made and broaden their perspective of the world and its’ people. Even as far back as 1963, Criscuolo says that planned current-events pro- grams are an essential part of elementary education. Criscuolo’s words from 1963 ring true today when he says, “Probably never before in the history of our country, or of the world for that mat- ter, has the need for a thorough familiarity with the news been more urgent” (p. 427). Civic-mindedness is a habit that must be cultivated. Elementary school teachers can do this is by develop- ing regular, ongoing program instruction involving daily news and issues.
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