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Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Abstract

Constitutional politics in Bosnia and Herzegovina are dominated by ethno-politics and the results of the 1992–1995 war. The constitution contained in the Dayton peace agreement of 1995 established a stable but inefficient consociational arrangement based on an ethno-territorial division of the country with particular rights for the three constituent peoples: Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs. In 2009, the European Court of Human Rights found that the constitution discriminates citizens who do not claim to belong to any of these constituent peoples. Furthermore, the European Union established constitutional reform as a precondition for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s further EU integration. However, the political representatives of the constituent peoples have resisted any calls for change so far.

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