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THE CHALLENGES FACED BY INDIAN WORKING WOMEN TO BALANCE PROFESSIONAL AND SOCIAL LIFE IN 21 ST CENTURY

Authors:

Abstract

The present study undertakes to investigate the so far unexplored problem of Indian working women to balance their personal & professional life now a days. Studies have identified several variables like the size of family, the age of children, the work hours and the level of social support, etc., that influence to balance the personal & professional life. Who is a 21st century Indian working woman?? Answer to this question is that Working Indian women are facing lot more challenges than men and women of the other parts in the world. These days in India the role of women in our society has been tremendously changed. Women can be seen as higher post in education field, CEO, fighter-jet pilots, customer services head, banking, admin heads, HR, company executives and telecom sector, etc. Women are making a tremendous contribution in each sector. Then also, the women are the center and foundation of the social and cultural life of the family. In family not only men are considered as bread earner. In today's scenario economical support is given by Indian women to their family member. Although the quantity of waged women is increasing by the time but still there are some barriers that they have to suffer at some point to prove themselves valuable for her profession as well as family. She is solely responsible to balance her responsibilities in her various roles in domestic as well as professional life. This makes the life of working women extremely stressful. Here we have conveyed information on women centered approaches in personal and professional life.
Indian Journal of Technical Education (IJTE) | Special Issue for ICWSTCSC‐2016 60 | Page
THE CHALLENGES FACED BY INDIAN WORKING WOMEN TO
BALANCE PROFESSIONAL AND SOCIAL LIFE IN 21STCENTURY
Prof. Priyanka Panchal*, Prof. Sonal Belani†, Prof. Mittal Darji+
*MBICT Engineering College, New V.V. Nagar, Gujarat, India,
† MBICT Engineering College, New V.V. Nagar, Gujarat, India,
+ MBICT Engineering College, New V.V. Nagar, Gujarat, India
Abstract:
The present study undertakes to investigate the so far unexplored problem
of Indian working women to balance their personal & professional life now a days.
Studies have identified several variables like the size of family, the age of children,
the work hours and the level of social support, etc., that influence to balance the
personal & professional life. Who is a 21st century Indian working woman?? Answer
to this question is that Working Indian women are facing lot more challenges than
men and women of the other parts in the world. These days in India the role of
women in our society has been tremendously changed. Women can be seen as
higher post in education field, CEO, fighter-jet pilots, customer services head,
banking, admin heads, HR, company executives and telecom sector, etc. Women are
making a tremendous contribution in each sector. Then also, the women are the
center and foundation of the social and cultural life of the family. In family not only
men are considered as bread earner. In today’s scenario economical support is given
by Indian women to their family member. Although the quantity of waged women is
increasing by the time but still there are some barriers that they have to suffer at
some point to prove themselves valuable for her profession as well as family. She is
solely responsible to balance her responsibilities in her various roles in domestic as
well as professional life. This makes the life of working women extremely stressful.
Here we have conveyed information on women centered approaches in personal
and professional life.
Keywords
Women Empowerment, Working women, Work-Personal Life Balance
Introduction
Women are the forerunner of society and play an important role in society, in
all fields of life, without their contribution no society can nurture properly. As stated
by Muhammad Ali Jinnah in 1944 that “No nation can rise to the height of glory
unless your women are side by side with you”. The changing roles of women in India
have led to their greater contribution in the employment sector and changes in
many aspects of Indian life. The typical Indian family today is the dual-earner family.
Women are now employed in previously male-dominated fields such as
professional, law, sports, the military, law enforcement, firefighting and top-level
Indian Journal of Technical Education (IJTE) | Special Issue for ICWSTCSC‐2016 61 | Page
corporate positions. Indian Working women spend less time maintaining the home
then they did in last decade. To balancing work-family of working women is very
important. To balances work and family the women have to plan their career
effectively. The good work plus family balance includes the priorities fixing by
working women, awareness of current working position and environment, bring up-
to-date latest technology, fix plan such a manner that enough time with family,
improve the area when and where required and observing self-performance.
Women aren’t just spending money; they are earning it.Currently in a large number
of households, the woman is the primary breadwinner.
LITERATURE REVIEW
Nature has given women too much power, the law gives them too little.
G.Delina and Dr. R. Prabhakara Raya [11] had analyzed that the problems faced by
the working women of Pondicherry in terms of work-life balance are quite high
their results also indicate that the work-life balance of individuals affect their
quality of life. Their study was able to measure the worklife balance of working
women finding that married working women find it very hard to balance their work
and personal life irrespective of the sector they are into, the age group they belong
to, the number of children they have and their spouse’s profession. They also
analyzed that the IT sector working professionals were found to have more
difficulties in balancing work and family. Conflicts in work-life balance of working
women affects their health reporting more stress, headaches, muscle tension,
weight gain and depressed than their male counterparts.
Zameer Ahmad Bhat [9] analyzed Women have proved, time and again, that they are
in no way inferior to men in all walks of life. The male dominated society is not yet
ready to accept it. Women just need the necessary support and encouragement of
the family and the society. Women have been playing a paramount role in the socio-
economic development of any country across the world. it remains true that Indian
women still constitute a large body of under-privileged citizens. Even the global
picture about the status of women seems no different from that of India.
Whether the issue is improving education in developing world, or fighting global
climate, or addressing nearly any other challenge we face, empowering women is a
critical part of the equation. And we require serious, positive, down to earth policy
on empowerment of women.
Dr. Rinku Rani [6] analyzed that working married women have to face more
difficulties in their lives as compared to non-working married women It concludes
that on some aspects working married women cannot contribute significantly for
the well-being of their family. Their attention is diverted because of working in two
situations. They cannot give proper attention to their marital lives and this cause
marital mal adjustment. Working women because of the added responsibilities of
job may suffer from more severe causes of maladjustment at home or in the office,
while on the other side they have to take care of the children, husband, and in-laws
and perform other domestic duties.
Indian Journal of Technical Education (IJTE) | Special Issue for ICWSTCSC‐2016 62 | Page
Statement of the Problem
Indian women are allowed to work in today’s life; but still they are facing lot
more problem in social as well professional life to balance both as priority need.
Indian Working are not supposed to do extra hours’ duty or night shift work as lack
of family support. In case of married working women are not allowed many times to
go business tour as not permitted by family member. Also women are not getting
enough maternity leave at workplace even if she wants paid leave then also it’s not
consider due to organizational constraint because of this she loses her job or do
compromise more. If women are in higher position at workplace the she has many
more responsibility then also they have to come at home right time, cook, clean, take
care of their family member. It creates more stress & its effect to some health
problem. Due to lack of leave, sometimes working women are not able to attend
family function. Working women do not properly take care of family member.
Working women having veryyoung child, they are forced to leave child for work
responsibility and she has to think about day care maid of her child who might not
be faithful enough. Although she has to hire maid for child care at home which
whom they have to pay more. This create more tension and stress to her & lack of
concentration in their work. Gender discrimination is another problem faced by
women in case of pay. In some companies women employees are paid less salary
than men [2]. This research is to find out more challenges faced by Indian working
women. Still in 21st century there is a belief that women are not capable enough to
work in some professional field like transportation, civil construction, electricity
department, etc.
Family-Work Conflicts
Family-Work Balance means the women has power to equilibrium the hours
of personal and professional life. But sometimes some circumstances occur in such a
way that conflict will be occur either socially or professional side to balance Family-
Work life. She is unable to set her priorities. As a result she withdraws from her
work due to simple reasons like taking care of her children, aged in laws/parents,
and other family pressures. If the man is able to share some of her responsibilities,
she would be successful women [5]. They bring up children; look after partners,
relatives and friends; maintain households; take part in voluntary organizations;
and undertake civic duties. It is widely accepted that the lack of women in senior,
corporate positions is due to conflict between family and career; and that women
feel the need to choose between their career and family. Some women avoid
promotion in order to avoid the extra stress from balancing family and work. Some
employers were resistant to promoting women, assuming that women would put
their families first therefore slacking in their work duties.
However, as it can be seen, these studies are fairly outdated. Women who are
successful in balancing their work and family life tend to redefine the structural and
personal roles that have been assigned to them by the workplace and society.
Indian Journal of Technical Education (IJTE) | Special Issue for ICWSTCSC‐2016 63 | Page
Examples of this would be where women learn to combine both roles by taking their
children on business trips or occasionally taking their children to the office which
allows the child to understand what their mother is doing while she is away from
them. Also these women seem to understand that they do not have to do it all (e.g.
housework, childcare and a career) and therefore outsource some of the work, for
example they may hire a cleaning company or a nanny. Women in India experience
considerable pressure, in the morning before going out to work and after work, to
do all that is necessary for the family. Even if a woman has a high designation in her
office, she is expected take care of all the family affairs almost single handedly. She is
solely responsible in balancing her responsibilities in her multiple roles in domestic
as well as professional life. The women should also educate her children to share
responsibilities to make life better and fruitful [5].
Figure 1 Challenges faced by Working Women
Discrimination at Workplace
Today there is no field where the women have not shown their worth. From
holding highest public office in bureaucracy to holding highest political position, the
women have shouldered all kinds of responsibilities with grand success. However,
Indian working women still face barefaced discernment at their workplaces. A
major problem faced by the working women are Gender Bias, mental or physical
harassment, Unequal Pay, Leadership, etc. at the work place. Even if to choose in
study women facing problems, other are suggested that some particular line is
better for women and they are forced to do that. Some of the fields like
civil,mechanical,electrical, transportation are restricted for women and even if she
chooses that field, mostly they feel strange or get some unexpected experience.
Because of this it may be possible that some particular area has more competition in
getting job for women. A majority of working women continue to be denied their
right to equal pay, under the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 and are underpaid in
comparison to their male colleagues [1]. The situation demands effective measures
to protect the working women in her official environment from the lust and greed of
male bosses and colleagues. For challenging between work demands, personal and
family needs seem to be the most probable reason for creating problems in work-
life conflicts.
Indian Journal of Technical Education (IJTE) | Special Issue for ICWSTCSC‐2016 64 | Page
Analysis & Interpretation
The problems faced by women in balancing professional and personal life are
examined by doing survey. Some of the problems are listed and base on that survey
chart has being presented.
1. Do you feel that you are not getting enough time for yourself as compared to
male member in your family?
2. Do you feel that your Job priority is less than a working male member in your
family?
3. Do you get equal family support as compared to a male member in your family?
4. If you have to go for business tour/training for your career development will you
easily get permission from your family compared to male member?
5. Do you often work late or at weekends to deal with paperwork without
interruptions at home?
6. Are responsibilities at work place and social life affecting your health and
increase stress?
7. At work place are you getting any extra benefit as a woman?
Figure 2Analysis & Interpretation
After analyzing this survey, we reach at this point where in 21st century women
have to fight for their rights with compare to men counterpart.
Conclusion
Pro-women are not means anti-men but still today’s scenario all people
mind-set is like men are the bread-winners and women are the house-keepers of the
family. But it’s time to change the attitude or thinking point of view of World Wide
Web. Her tasks and challenges have enlarged and toughened multifold now when
she is super multi-tasking; juggling between career, work-family life, travelling,
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO
Question-1 Question-2 Question-3 Question-4 Question-5 Question-6 Question-7
Indian Journal of Technical Education (IJTE) | Special Issue for ICWSTCSC‐2016 65 | Page
kitchen, personal health, husband, society, passion, kids, desires, house, relationship,
personal and social life. Balancing between so many duties and obligations Indian
working woman faces various challenges and problems every day, every time, and
may be every second minute or second. The problems and challenges faced by
working women in their workplaces should be put to a side and it can be say that
men and women have equal rights and status. Also there are various low in India for
protecting women but due to lack of implementation and interpretation of low, she
has to suffer from various crime and inequality in work-family. Upbringing of a
person plays a very important role to shape his attitude towards woman. Every
male child should be taught to respect females and treat them as equal. Indian men
need to understand that women have dreams and aspirations just like them. To
make their dreams come true, women should be treated equally with men.
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Article
India is a country with diverse traditions and customs. In all the religions, women hold a venerable position. Unfortunately, since ages, the role of women was confined to household chores and limited to domestic issues. In the male-dominated Indian society, women suffered to extreme levels of exploitation. Some factors – like death of bread winner, sudden fall in family income or inadequate family income – forced women to seek employment in informal sector (small trader, artisan or field laborer on a family farm) but yet, that did not result in women empowerment. The participation of women as workers and women"s education was negligible. Indian women is distinct from their western counter parts in that they do not shed their conventional roles as mothers and house wives inspire of their professional responsibilities. They are skilled at blending professional excellence and traditional love for home harmoniously. The study is purely exploratory in nature and seeks to identify the factors preventing women employees from aspiring for higher post and problems faced by women executives in public sector banks related to work performance. Further this aims also at finding out the organizational support for women employees to achieve higher post. Conclusion has been given.
  • K Balabhargavi
  • Problems
  • Challenges
  • Women
  • Bus
  • In
  • Pradesh
  • Roadtransport
K. BalaBhargavi, " PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES OF WOMEN BUS CONDUCTORS IN ANDHRA PRADESH STATE ROADTRANSPORT CORPORATION (APSRTC) ", Indian Streams Research Journal, ISSN No.2230 7850, Volume 4, Issue 12, Jan 2015
  • Zameer Ahmad Bhat
  • Bias
  • Socio-Economic
  • Problems
  • Women
  • India
Zameer Ahmad Bhat, " GENDER BIAS AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF WOMEN IN INDIA ", Abhinav National Monthly Refereed Journal of Research in Arts &Education, Online ISSN-2277-1182, Volume 3, Issue 4 (April, 2014)
Problems Faced By Working Women In India
  • Kamini B Dr
  • Dashora
Dr. Kamini B. Dashora, "Problems Faced By Working Women In India" International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Socia Sciences, ISSN: 2278-6236
Marital Adjustment Problems of Working and Non-Working Women in Contrast of Their Husband
  • Rinku Dr
  • Rani
Dr. Rinku Rani, "Marital Adjustment Problems of Working and Non-Working Women in Contrast of Their Husband", International Journal for Research in Education, (IJRE) ISSN: 2320-091, Vol. 2, Issue:7, July 2013.
  • Ashok Kumar
  • Dr K Sundar
  • Problems
  • By
  • Executives
  • In
  • Sector
  • Banks
  • Puducherry
P. ASHOK KUMAR and DR. K. SUNDAR, " PROBLEMS FACED BY WOMEN EXECUTIVES WORKING IN PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS IN PUDUCHERRY " International Journal of Marketing, Financial Services & Managemen Research, ISSN 2277 3622, Vol.1 Issue 7, July 2012
A study on Work-Life Balance inWorking Women
  • G Delina
  • Dr R Prabhakara Raya
G.Delina and Dr. R. Prabhakara Raya, "A study on Work-Life Balance inWorking Women", IRACST -International Journal of Commerce, Business and Management (IJCBM), ISSN: 2319-2828,Vol. 2, No.5, October 2013
A Study on Work Family Balance and Challenges Faced By Working Women
  • G Mr
  • Shiva
Mr G.Shiva, "A Study on Work Family Balance and Challenges Faced By Working Women", IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) e ISSN: 2278-487X, p-ISSN: 2319-7668. Volume 14, Issue 5 (Nov. -Dec. 2013) PP 01-04