Simulation Analysis of Brain Drain in Iran using System Dynamics Approach
Today, manpower is one of the prerequisite for a comprehensive development and skilled and educated manpower is considered the society's driving force, losing which is deemed to be like losing the country's main assets. In this study, by examining five scenarios based on the improvement of various factors and their analysis, it became clear that the improvement of social and cultural factors was effective in reducing the brain drain phenomenon. However, it did not have a significant impact on the reduction of the rate of elite emigration. Moreover, it was revealed that focusing on educational factors, in particular in the long run, in addition to the significant reduction of the rate of brain drain, could widely lead to the reduction of the rate of elite emigration. Finally, by using a scenario in form of the improvement of a combination of cultural, social and educational factors at the same time, both in the short-and long-term, the highest efficiency can be obtained, providing us with a significant reduction in both the rate of elite emigration and the rate of brain drain.