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Robert K. Yin. (2014). Case Study Research Design and Methods (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 282 pages.

Journal: CJPE; Volume 30; Issue: 1
DOI: 10.3138/CJPE.BR-240
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Robert K. Yin. (2014). Case study research
design and methods (5th ed.). Thousand
Oaks, CA: Sage. 282 pages.
ISBN 978-1-4522-4256-9
Reviewed by Trista Hollweck, University of Ottawa.
Corresponding author: Trista Hollweck;
Robert K. Yin’s Case Study Research Design and Methods (2014) is currently in
its fifth edition and continues to be a seminal text for researchers and students engaged in
case study research. Since the book’s first release 30 years ago (1984), case study
research has gained considerable acceptance as a research method, likely a result of Yin’s
unyielding position that case study be considered a separate and all-encompassing
method with its own research design. This current edition of the book is heavily
influenced by the advances in case study research and remains a definitive guide on how
to design more rigorous and methodologically sound case studies that will stand up to
questions of validity and reliability. Importantly, Yin manages to link theory and practice
by presenting the breadth of case study research and its historical significance at a
practical level. It is Yin’s view that, when “the process has been given careful attention,
the potential result is the production of a high-quality case study” (p. 199). Thus, a
comprehensive and systematic outline for undertaking the design and conduct of a case
study is presented in a very straightforward and readable manner throughout the book’s
282 pages. Ultimately, Yin argues that case study research is a challenging endeavour
that hinges upon the researcher’s skills and expertise. As such, this edition includes more
difficult concepts to guide researchers and students in the work of carrying out more
Journal: CJPE; Volume 30; Issue: 1
DOI: 10.3138/CJPE.BR-240
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rigorous case study research, thereby retaining Yin’s ultimate goal “to improve our social
science methods and practices over those of previous generations of scholars” (p. xxvi).
Building on the key strengths of earlier editions, the book’s crisp structure has
benefited from numerous editions with reviewer feedback, and it continues to serve as an
exemplar for other methodological guides. The book shows the case study research
process as a “linear but iterative process” (p. xxii) and provides practical and technical
discussions on each of the six elements of case study research: the plan, design,
preparation, data collection, analysis and reporting. Each of these features forms the topic
of the book’s six chapters and together are represented by an overarching six-circled
visual display. For those researchers interested in going a little deeper into some
elements, Yin also provides practical exercises with challenging methodological
questions or situations that can be addressed. Through these structural features, as well as
the book’s enhanced headings and subheadings, numerous supporting resources, and the
excellent cross-referenced index in Appendix C, Yin makes a complex methodology
much more approachable.
Essentially, Yin is a methodologist who states: “Readability, credibility, and
concern with confirmability all matter” (p. 192). The essence of this book can be found in
the first chapter, which not only establishes the basis for case studies as a research
method but also provides a twofold operational definition, covering both its scope and its
features, that clearly distinguishes it from other methods. Most simply, case study is
defined as “an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon (the
‘case’) in depth and within its real-world context” (p. 16). From here, Yin shows how
case study research constitutes an all-encompassing method that covers the logic of
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DOI: 10.3138/CJPE.BR-240
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design, data collection techniques, and specific approaches to data analysis, which
ultimately informs the structure of the book. Because this definition has been reworked
over the four previous editions, it is a useful reference for the novice researcher and an
important contribution to the field of research methodology. Throughout the text, Yin
emphasizes the power of high-quality case study research that focuses on rigour, validity,
and reliability. Clearly a proponent for case study research, Yin openly addresses its
enduring criticisms as a methodology and urges the researcher to carefully consider
whether a case study is the most appropriate method for their inquiry project.
As a student of program evaluation, I was extremely pleased to see the addition of
the role of case study in the field of evaluation in this fifth edition. In an attempt to retain
the compactness of the original text, Yin makes scattered reference to evaluation
throughout the book, such as in his discussion of Patton’s (2002) four types of data
triangulation (Chapter 4) and the logic model (illustrated as three types) as an analytic
tool that can use both qualitative and quantitative case study data (Chapter 5). I found
Yin’s definition of the logic model as a tool that “stipulates and operationalizes a
complex chain of occurrences or events over an extended period of time” (p. 155)
particularly useful. Yin posits that the use of logic models in case study research can help
explain the ultimate outcomes because the analysis technique consists of matching
empirically observed events to theoretically predicted events. However, beyond these two
references to evaluation within the framework of case study research, the bulk of Yin’s
focus on the role of case study in evaluation is found in Appendix B. There he states that,
as evaluation textbooks have given case study spotty recognition to date, it is his position
that “case study research has a functional and legitimate role in doing evaluations” (p.
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219). In evaluation, case studies can be used to capture the complexity of a case,
including temporal changes, as well as explore the contextual conditions of a case. In
addition, Yin presents three major applications for case studies and describes them in
detail, showing how they can apply to a variety of situations. These applications are (a) as
part of a larger evaluation with the case study portion viewed as complementary and
providing explanatory information, (b) as the primary evaluation method where the
initiative being evaluated becomes the main case, or (c) as part of a dual-level evaluation
arrangement in which a single evaluation consists of one or more subevaluations with the
potential of case study playing various roles to inform the program evaluation as a whole.
Most usefully, Yin provides key examples of each application in the boxes at the end of
each description. Ultimately, Yin presents case study research as an integral method for
program evaluators to consider, but its usefulness, relevance, and quality depend on the
evaluation situation and their skills and expertise. Like social science researchers, Yin
urges evaluators to become familiar with case study design as outlined in this book and
carefully consider whether it is an appropriate method before using it in their evaluations.
In reviewing each chapter in depth, I gained the knowledge needed to not only
understand the complex methodological process of case study research, but also to feel
comfortable using it for my own inquiry projects. Throughout this latest edition, Yin
continues to defend case study research as an integral and rigorous methodology, and he
presents this argument through a very practical and readable structure. While retaining
the strength of earlier editions, this book is an excellent update that adds further depth to
the methodology, a refined definition, and more detailed coverage of certain topics. With
Yin’s unequivocal emphasis on the quality of the case study research method being
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DOI: 10.3138/CJPE.BR-240
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directly linked to the researcher’s ability, I would highly recommend this text to anyone
engaged in social science methodologies, especially the novice researcher and student of
program evaluation. By carefully adopting this book’s techniques and guidance, it is my
view that not only will Yin’s ultimate goal “that case study research will be better than in
the past” come to fruition, but new exemplary case studies characterized by “engagement,
enticement, and seduction” (p. 206) may be “enthusiastically” produced. Perhaps, some
of these case studies may even find their way into future editions.
Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
... The results are discussed based on case study group. The case study research captures as part of a dual-level evaluation arrangement in which a single evaluation consists of one or more sub evaluations with the potential of case study playing various roles to inform the program evaluation as a whole [31], [32]. From the observation, the web chart grew from year 1st to year 4th based on the corresponding WK throughout the program. ...
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This study investigated the performance of individual students toward the knowledge profile and cumulative grade point average or known as CGPA. The proposal of this paper involves two major components. The first component is investigating the individual student performance based on the knowledge profile and CGPA. The performance of students from cohort 2017 for the program Bachelor of Electrical Engineering (BEKG) courses in the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) was used as the dataset. The case study separates into various groups (excellent, honors and pass). Secondly, the study proposed a responsive web application leveraging a Google Visualization Feature to self-check individual academic performance. The goal of this app is to assist users in evaluating individual student performance and assist management in planning for continual quality improvement using the web and mobile apps. The marketing segments include students, academics, university, and school administration for analysis and evaluate the individual student’s performance.
... This study used a case study research design because to identify the actors, their roles and determine the most powerful and influential actors in informal land transactions are complex and dynamic, which requires a detailed understanding of the local context and an in-depth explanation and interpretation of a phenomenon understudy [69].Therefore, it should be analyzed in its real context. With the help of a case-study method, researchers used mixed methods that enabled us to collect multiple data sources such as documents, interviews and focus group discussion [70,71]. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected concurrently because the data were cross-sectional and both types of data were required at the same time to answer the research questions [72]. ...
... Secondly, we do not compare learning effects in MCM across different factories or projects. As argued by Yin [42] and Eisenhardt and Graebner [43], using a single case study may not necessarily create a generalization issue. However, the opportunity is missed to examine learning effects in other factory settings and in different MC designs. ...
The effects of learning in real-life modular construction (MC) factories and their application for productivity improvement are not well understood, despite the shift from on-site construction to factory-based MC facilitated by automation and robotics. Informed by learning curve theory, this paper describes the learning effects of modular construction manufacturing (MCM) and their implications for MCM management. The Stanford-B model was identified as the best fit when comparing four learning curves in relation to a Hong Kong case study, revealing that the learning rate in modular construction manufacturing (MCM) fluctuates rather than following a linear pattern. These learning effects in MCM bridge the gap between the disorder of on-site construction and the structured production of manufactured goods. This research unveils the previously unexplored "black box" of learning effects in MCM, unlocking the potential offered by MC.
... As with other case studies, this one draws on multiple data sources, including secondary sources/documents, fieldwork and observations, and semi-structured interviews with five experts and fifteen students. Case studies are critical because they provide crucial, representative, revolutionary, unique, or longitudinal examples of specific patterns and issues [44]. Students (of the male gender) and experts from organisations dedicated to improving commercial video games to aid history learning were interviewed. ...
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Virtual environments have numerous potentials for assisting the general public in experiencing cultural heritage, complementing current tools and practices centered on tangible goods such as museums, exhibitions, books, and visual content. Video games designed for educational purposes, which are becoming increasingly popular, have emerged as a new method of learning cultural content engagingly. The learning experience's specific goal distinguishes the educational use of video games. There is little doubt that we can learn from video games, but the more difficult questions about who, what, where, why, and how quickly we learn are not easily answered. This study examines the role of commercial video games in history learning and aims to enhance their effectiveness by analyzing their potential and limitations, using strategic planning and network analysis models. Through a case study on the Lotf Ali Khan game, it identifies strategies for improving history education through commercial video games. In this case study, it can be utilized to establish a conceptual framework for current trends in deployments of the past in historically focused video games, as well as a SWOT-ANP analysis to determine the major ways in which historical video games can aid in learning the subject matter under assessment. The data for this case study includes secondary sources and documents, fieldwork, observations, and semi-structured interviews with fifteen participants, as with other case studies (experts and children). Following the results, successful implementation occurs when a video game fully utilizes the following opportunities: antiquarian, monumental, and critical elements; wish story; composite imagination; borrowed authenticity; historical provenance; and legitimacy
... Strategi studi kasus bertumpu pada dua pertanyaan dalam menggali suatu kasus, yaitu bagaimana dan mengapa. Adapun fokus studi kasus adalah mengkaji peristiwa-peristiwa yang bersifat kontemporer (Yin, 2016). Metode penelitian merupakan jenis penelitian, subjek dan objek penelitian, waktu dan lokasi penelitian, instrumen penelitian, cara pengambilan sampel, pengumpulan data, dan analisis data (Putri, Suharya, Munawar, & Komalasari, 2022). ...
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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk upaya mendefinisikan desa cerdas dalam kondisi desa umumnya yang ada di Indonesia. Secara prinsip desa cerdas sangat mirip dengan konsep keberlanjutan. Metodologi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif melalui pendekatan studi kasus. Meningkatnya penyerapan teknologi baru dan khususnya, penggunaan internet, dipandang sebagai bagian penting dari strategi untuk meningkatkan literasi pedesaan. Analisis berkaitan dengan pencegahan eksklusi pedesaan, mempromosikan teknologi digital untuk pengelolaan infrastruktur pedesaan, bekerja jarak jauh di daerah pedesaan dan menggunakan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi untuk partisipasi dan tata kelola desa. Pendekatan ini didokumentasikan dalam kasus desa di Subang dan desa di Pangandaran di Jawa Barat. Hasil kesimpulan diperoleh bahwa bukan cakupan atau aksesibilitas teknologi digital yang menjadi penghalang utama penggunaan konsep desa cerdas secara lebih intensif, melainkan tingkat kualifikasi dan konservatisme penduduk pedesaan yang lebih rendah. Disarankan agar lebih banyak perhatian diberikan untuk meningkatkan literasi digital masyarakat pedesaan. Berdasarkan hal tersebut diperlukan penyebaran teknologi informasi dan komunikasi yang terus berlanjut di daerah pedesaan
... By reviewing a series of previous case studies of debt-for-nature swaps, we determined patterns and standards which we then used as a baseline against which to compare the highlighted case study: the Seychelles. This method has been established in social science literature and is often referred to as "pattern testing" or "congruence testing" (George and Bennett, 2005;Yin, 2014). The official method for congruence testing involves measuring the defining features of a case to determine the extent to which they are congruent to a hypothesis or a theory. ...
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In the face of the threats posed to the oceans by a changing climate, the need for marine conservation programs grows rapidly. Scaling with this need demands sufficient funding to support ambitious conservation projects. This funding must be obtained from increasingly varied and innovative sources since private grants and government allocated funds has proved insufficient. Debt-for-nature swaps are a financial mechanism seeking to improve debt burden while setting up environmental programs. This method of debt restructuring has existed for decades, but is seeing a resurgence of use and interest in recent years. Here we present an exploratory case study of a Seychelles debt-for-nature swap which examines this financial mechanism’s ability to fund impactful conservation projects, particularly in marine Economic Exclusion Zones (EEZ) of Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The Seychelles finalized a conversion of their sovereign debt with Paris Club creditors and The Nature Conservancy as a broker in 2015 with the goal of creating a robust marine spatial plan (MSP). They received notable recognition for multiple novel aspects of this deal as well as the sheer scale of the marine space protected (400,000 sq. km), and thus serves as a robust case study to analyze if debt-for-nature swaps have evolved since its theoretical conception in 1984. Our research favors qualitative data by employing a case study approach which draws on semi-structured interviews with key informants, content analysis of online resources, and a literature review. This research suggests that while the model has yet to be cemented, the Seychelles case study is representative of a coming evolution in debt-for-nature swap practices. By examining the critical governance factors that were employed in the Seychelles, this research reveals key takeaways for future implementation and establishing national candidacy. The findings highlight debt status relative to the economy, political willpower, funding streams utilized, and the use of co-production practices. We show how the Seychelles case study demonstrates marked progress from the historical standard regarding sovereignty concerns and governance, but not concerning timescales and low converted sum. However, we note that this innovative debt-for-nature swap suggests that a new standard is possible and provides a new framework and set of best practices. In doing so, the Seychelles MSP can potentially lead the way for additional marine debt-for-nature swaps.
Smart Manufacturing aims to digitize and automate manufacturing and decision-making processes by implementing technological systems ranging from assistance systems to complete enterprise resource planning solutions. The next step, Industry 5.0, emphasizes the importance of including employees and their knowledge in decision-making and problem-solving processes. This paper contributes to increase employees’ acceptance of and trust in technological systems and investigates correlations between the characteristics of the task to be solved, the environmental situation, the human and the technological support system. Thereby, the focus is set on production planning as a complex task with various influencing factors, which relies on human expert knowledge and can be supported using technological systems. A model is developed and validated using a case study. The proposed approach enables companies to maximize the usefulness and positive effects of technological systems while ensuring that employees voluntarily participate.
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Honey products are one type of product that provides many economic and health benefits, so they are in great demand by all world citizens. There is a global gap between production and consumption, so each country competes to increase its production for domestic needs and to meet world demand for honey products. Muslims in Indonesia believe that honey is a Halal product, but the level of consumption is still low. Individuals or families manage many honey producers, so the volume produced is minimal for self-consumption and sale directly to consumers. To meet the global demand for honey, the interests of medium-large companies are vital but still empower honey producers or individual honey farmers. Following a new institutional economics approach, this study aims to maintain its commitment to quality, halal obligations, and corporate analysis strategy. This study uses descriptive qualitative research using literature studies with the locus of honey production and its potential in Indonesia on the new institutional economics approach, as well as secondary data. The results of the study found that the company is very committed to quality assurance and product halalness by conducting halal tests through food, drug, and cosmetic product review agencies, the Indonesian Ulema Council and implementing corporate strategy at the fourth level as new institutional economics, namely an economic order with resource efficiency, formation of marginal prices and structures, and business continuity with sustainable halal commitments.
The HEIs face challenges that require new teaching practices adjusted to the new realities and demands of the market. Companies and organizations seek transversal competences to solve immediate problems and project future scenarios. Co-creation between higher education institutions (HEIs) and companies make it possible to prepare students for the increasingly demanding and innovative labor market, particularly in the tourism and accommodation industry. This chapter presents contributions to applying innovative and interdisciplinary methodologies in the pedagogical practices of tourism and accommodation teaching. A teaching-learning model based on co-creation methods is proposed and illustrated with a case study developed in partnership with a regional tourist enterprise in Portugal. The chapter concludes with an analysis of the co-creation model's impact and an analysis of pedagogical tools for developing new and innovative accommodation products and services that are essential for differentiation and positioning in marketing strategies.
This M.A. thesis explores Kurdish parents’ family language policies concerning their children’s heritage language development and maintenance using Spolsky’s Tripartite Family Language Policy (FLP) framework. Following the three components of the FLP model, Kurdish parents’ language ideologies-practices and management in relation to their children’s Kurdish-Kurmanji language acquisition and maintenance are investigated. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews, observations, and field notes with 7 Kurdish families in the Republic of Türkiye. The findings revealed that the Kurdish parents considered Kurdish an essential part of their life and accordingly made significant efforts to transmit the language. Preserving the heritage language, perceiving Kurdish as a marker for ethnic identity, communication with the extended family, especially with the monolingual Kurdish grandparents, and past language experiences emerged as the driving forces behind the parents’ FLP. The parental declared language ideologies were congruent with the reported language practices. The Kurdish parents employed various internal and external language management control to maintain Kurdish in family conversations. The Kurdish parents’ language management strategies revealed that the parents who implemented consistent pro-Kurdish language strategies, such as using the heritage language-only strategy in the family, managed to keep Kurdish as the medium of communication in spite of external factors.