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Kunst in Organisationen. Analyse und Kritik des aktuellen Wissenschaftsdiskurses zu Wirkung künstlerischer Interventionen im organisationalen Kontext.
"Art and management" is an expanding theoretical and practical field today. For being successful in business there is a growing demand of being creative, releasing innovative products and coping with changing environments. The management is forced to come up with new ideas and methods to fulfill these requirements. One of those methods is to learn from the arts. In consequence, managers start projects in which they integrate art, artists and artistic processes in their organizations. The scientific discussion about what management can learn from the arts and what effects particular art projects in organizations can have, but there is still a lack of mapping the field to show which possibilities of bringing art into organizations exist and which effects these projects can provide. So the research question of this study is, "What are the effects of working with art, artists and artistic processes in organizations?" The first part of the study contains a collection of phenomena introducing art, artists and artistic processes into organizations to show which possibilities exist and learn about the different effects. Looking at the phenomenology there are characteristics the effects of art projects have in common like establishing identity, inventing and implementin innovation, improved communication, increased attention and ability to change the point of view and increased aesthetic sensibility. The second part of the study is based on exploring theories of art, their predicted effects of the arts and what those theories say about artistic processes. Therefore theories of authors important for their theories of art and most cited in current literature about the arts in organizations are chosen. These authors are: Boris Groys, Immanuel Kant and Joseph Beuys. The last step is to compare the results gained by the inductive analysis (phenomenology) and the deductive analysis (theory). Discrepancies can bring up issues interesting for further investigation or show problems as well as new fields of practical applications.