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Abstract and Figures

Primarily, this presentation is a compilation related to the Mercury transit on May 9, 2016. Such a transit means that the planet Mercury passes in front of the solar disk as seen from the Earth. This happens about 13 to 14 times per century. However, these transits cannot always be observed, because daytime is needed and the sky should not be covered with clouds. In addition to the presentation of technical data and pictures of the transit, it is shown that astrophotography is possible with relatively simple camera equipment. Finally, some data of the Mercury transit in the year 3088 AD are provided, which probably play a role with respect to the Giza pyramids. (Third and slightly revised edition, Oct. 2018)
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Technical Report
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For more than 4500 years people have been fascinated by the pyramids of Giza. Now, there are very strong hints for a correlation between the three great pyramids in Giza and the three inner planets of our solar system: Mercury, Venus, and Earth. This assumption originally was based on three equations, connecting the sizes of the pyramids and planets. Later on, the spatial arrangement of the pyramids and planets could precisely be correlated on the basis of the French planetary theory VSOP87 and by coordinate transformations in three-dimensional space. Because of planetary motion, the positions match only at one or a few points in time. The final outcome includes the fact that in the year 3088 the four inner planets, Mercury to Mars, will stand in a fourfold conjunction within a minimum angular range (ecliptic longitudes) of 3.4°, combined with a simultaneous Mercury transit in front of the solar disk. Furthermore during the last decades, scientists have been searching with high-tech methods for undetected chambers in the Cheops Pyramid. An interesting aspect of the planetary correlation is that it precisely defines a “Sun position” and a “Mars position” inside the Cheops Pyramid. Are these two locations candidates for a new (secret) chamber? The probability that all these findings are based on combined accident is close to zero. The question, whether the Ancient Egyptians could have had this knowledge, is not discussed. Beside the description of the planetary correlation, this report is a user manual for the P4 computer program, enabling the corresponding astronomical calculations. For a better verifiability, it contains a listing of the entire Fortran source code.
Up to this time, the VSOP (Variations Séculaires des Orbites Planètaires) analytical solutions of the motion of the planets were only represented in elliptic variables, but the cartesian or spherical variables are much more convenient in many problems: determination of the planetary perturbations of the Moon, analytical expressions for the computation of the apparent places, analytical expressions of nutation, of the difference TDB-TDT. From an analytical solution of the motion expressed with elliptic elements, the authors hence build different representations. The solutions are expressed with rectangular variables X, Y, Z or with spherical variables, longitude, latitude and radius vector. The different reference frames used are the dynamical ecliptic and equinox J2000.0, the ecliptic and equinox of date. The origin is the Sun or the barycenter of the solar system.
Every three years the IAU/IAG Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements revises tables giving the directions of the north poles of rotation and the prime meridians of the planets, satellites, and asteroids. This report introduces a system of cartographic coordinates for asteroids and comets. A topographic reference surface for Mars is recommended. Tables for the rotational elements of the planets and satellites and size and shape of the planets and satellites are not included, since there were no changes to the values. They are available in the previous report (Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron., 82, 83–110, 2002), a version of which is also available on a web site.
1 High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, (The National Center for Atmospheric Research is Sponsored by the National Science Foundation.) 3450 Mitchell Lane, Boulder, CO 80301 2 Teoretisk Astrofysik Center, Danmarks Grundforskningsfond 3 Institut for Fysik og Astronomi, Aarhus Universitet, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Planetary Theories in Rectangular and Spherical Variables – VSOP87 Solutions Accurate Determination of the Solar Photospheric Radius
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Bretagnon, P., Francou, G.: Planetary Theories in Rectangular and Spherical Variables – VSOP87 Solutions. Astronomy and Astrophysics 202 (1988) 309–315 ADS [5] Brown, T. M., Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.: Accurate Determination of the Solar Photospheric Radius. The Astrophysical Journal 500: L195–L198 (1998) arXiv [6]
P4 Program Package; (includes the calendar program DATUM-2) See Internet (2016) home [3] Bretagnon, P.: Théorie du Mouvement de l'Ensemble des Planétes – Solutions VSOP82
  • H Jelitto
Jelitto, H.: P4 Program Package; (includes the calendar program DATUM-2). See Internet (2016) home [3] Bretagnon, P.: Théorie du Mouvement de l'Ensemble des Planétes – Solutions VSOP82. Astronomy and Astrophysics 114 (1982) 278–288 ADS [4]
Forschungsgesellschaft für Archäologie, Astronautik und SETI (AAS), Sagenhafte Zeiten 5
  • H Jelitto
Jelitto, H.: Pyramiden, Planeten und Geheimkammern – Die Planetenkorrelation von Gizeh. Hrsg. Forschungsgesellschaft für Archäologie, Astronautik und SETI (AAS), Sagenhafte Zeiten 5/15 (2015) 14–21 RG [13] Fischer, H.-P.: Kosmische Pyramiden. Gemälde, Spritztechnik (2007), © 2016 Hans-Peter Fischer References [1]