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Abstract

Purpose: Prayer and Yoga benefits study aimed to explore the mutual on the human organism. Methods: A literature search was conducted. Results: Muslim prayers and yoga are as through them the same benefits, In terms of shape and utility of the movement. Even each prayer (namaz) positions-corresponding yoga position and the positions together “activate” all seven “chakras” (energy fields) in the body-as per yoga practices. Prayer is in the standing room section (Takbir and qiyam) qiyam and expected cut in standing yoga namaste (Mount position) called. Bowing is to the provision in yoga ardha Uttanasana. Prayer is like yoga varjasana until the last sitting. Balasana in Yoga are with Prostrate in Prayer until the movement very similar. It leaves the heart in a higher position than the brain, which increases flow of blood into upper regions of the body, especially the head and lungs. This allows mental toxins to be cleansed. This position allows stomach muscles to develop and prevents growth of flabbiness in the midsection. It maintains proper position of fetus in pregnant women, reduces high blood pressure, increases elasticity of joints and alleviates stress, anxiety, dizziness and fatigue. Consultation: Islam as the Yoga and Salah have many similar movement of stretching and flexibility which may illuminate the lives of both the communities in positive manner.
International Journal of Science Culture and Sport
September 2016 : 4 (Special Issue 2)
ISSN : 2148-1148
Doi : 10.14486/IntJSCS587
Copyright©IntJSCS (www.iscsjournal.com) - 639
Field : Sport Psychology
Type : Review Article
Recieved: 10.04.2016 - Accepted: 14.06.2016
Common Benefits of Prayer and Yoga on Human Organism
Osman İMAMOĞLU1, Ahmet Naci DİLEK2
1OMU Yaşar Doğu Faculty of Sports Science, Samsun, TURKEY
2OMU Health Sciences Institute, Samsun, TURKEY
E-Posta: osmani@omu.edu.tr
Abstract
Purpose: Prayer and Yoga benefits study aimed to explore the mutual on the human organism.
Methods: A literature search was conducted. Results: Muslim prayers and yoga are as through
them the same benefits, In terms of shape and utility of the movement. Even each prayer
(namaz) positions-corresponding yoga position and the positions together “activate” all seven
“chakras” (energy fields) in the body-as per yoga practices. Prayer is in the standing room
section (Takbir and qiyam) qiyam and expected cut in standing yoga namaste (Mount
position) called. Bowing is to the provision in yoga ardha Uttanasana. Prayer is like yoga
varjasana until the last sitting. Balasana in Yoga are with Prostrate in Prayer until the
movement very similar. It leaves the heart in a higher position than the brain, which increases
flow of blood into upper regions of the body, especially the head and lungs. This allows
mental toxins to be cleansed. This position allows stomach muscles to develop and prevents
growth of flabbiness in the midsection. It maintains proper position of fetus in pregnant
women, reduces high blood pressure, increases elasticity of joints and alleviates stress,
anxiety, dizziness and fatigue.
Consultation: Islam as the Yoga and Salah have many similar movement of stretching and
flexibility which may illuminate the lives of both the communities in positive manner.
Keywords: Prayer, human organism, yoga
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Namaz ve Yoganın İnsan Organizmasındaki Ortak Faydaları
Osman İMAMOĞLU1, Ahmet Naci DİLEK2
1OMU Yaşar Doğu Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi, Samsun, TÜRKİYE
2OMU Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü BES Anabilim Dalı, Samsun, TÜRKİYE
E-Posta: osmani@omu.edu.tr
Öz
Amaç: Çalışmada Namaz kılma ve yoga yapmanın insan organizması üzerindeki ortak
faydalarının araştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Literatür taraması yapılmıştır. Bulgular:
Namaz ile yoga arasında yapılan hareketlerin şekli ve faydası açısından büyük benzerlikler
vardır. Namazdaki pozisyonların her biri benzer yoga pozisyonuna sahiptir ve pozisyonlar hep
birlikte bedendeki yedi “Çakranın (Enerji alanlarının)’’ hepsini ‘’aktif hale’’ getirirler.
Namazda ayakta durulan bölüme (Tekbir ve kıyam) kıyam yoga da ise ayakta beklenen
kısma namaste (Dağ pozisyonu) denir. Ruku’nun yogadaki karşılığı ise ardha uttanasanadır.
Bu duruşlar kan pompalanmasını artırarak bel, gövde ve baldır kaslarını gerdirirler. Namazda
son oturuş ile yogada varjasana benzerdir. Namazdaki secde ile Yogada ki balasana çok
benzer hareketlerdir. Kanın baş ve akciğerlere doğru akışını arttırırlar, zihinsel toksinlerin de
temizlenmesine imkan sağlar. Bu pozisyon, mide kaslarının gelişmesine imkan tanır ve orta
bölümdeki sarkıklığı önler. Hamile kadınlarda ceninin düzgün pozisyonda kalmasını sağlar,
kan basıncını düşürür, eklemlerin esnekliğini arttırır ve stresi, endişeyi, baş dönmesini,
yorgunluğu ortadan kaldırır.
Sonuç: Namaz ve yoganın benzer hareketlerinin çoğunlukla gerdirme- esneklik üzerine kurulu
olarak insan organizmasına ortak faydaları belirlenmiştir.
Anahtar Kelimler: Namaz, insan organizması, yoga
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Introduction
Muslim s (Namaz) can be called Islamic yoga as through them the same benefits can be
availed that the yoga practitioners recommend through regular practice of yoga. Yoga consists
of a number of ‘asana` or body positions, which one retains for a desired length of time while
either reciting ‘mantras` or breathing in a rhythmic manner. It`s benefits have been researched
by many doctors who how recommend it to their patients. Namaz (Islamic yoga) helps such as
stress reduction, emotional wellness, flexibility and coordination, enhancement of the immune
system & improved balance & postural alignment. Islamic yoga releases them from this
tension & enhances their memory. Even each (namaz) positions-corresponding yoga position
and the positions together “activate” all seven “chakras” (energy fields) in the body-as per
yoga practices. Each of the chakras correlates to major nerve ganglia that branch forth from
the spinal column. Important to perfectly & precisely perform all the movements, rather
haphazardly rushing through them which makes a sound mind and sound body (Roaf et
al.,2014) . A number of attempts have been made to relate prayer to a popular ancient Hindu
form of physical acts and meditation. Yoga has been known for its scientific basis as a healthy
lifestyle practice for thousands of years (Prakash,2012). For example, yoga has become
popular nowadays that could give both physiological and psychological benefits
(Eliade,2009). Comparison study on the benefits of yoga and exercise has been conducted that
show yoga provides same benefits (Fatimah and Siti,2012). The Islamic definition of Prayer
is the name given to the formal of Islam. Prayer is a fundamental principle of religion Islam
and is an important practice which must be performed at set times and conditions', following a
sequence. Islam is the religion where physical movements of (Prayer) are combined with
spiritual exercise. The analysis has been made in the light of present day medical knowledge
that how Prayer can have positive effects on health. Prayer is not just a religious obligation
but a sure path towards better health and fitness as proven by contemporary science. The sole
aim of the Ashtanga-Yoga is to concentrate & connect with The God as prescribed in Dhyana
& Samadhi. Traditionally Yoga is thought of as the inseparable part of Hinduism whereas the
authors believe that the yogic teaching is the culminating enlightenment of every religion.
Hence to think Yoga belongs to Hinduism only is a gross misconception. The only viable
justification put forward by the scholars in recognizing Yoga as the inseparable part of
Hinduism is the language of its scriptures and chanting i.e. Sanskrit, whereas authors found in
the Qur'anic teachings where The Al-Mighty God has mentioned that “for every community,
We have sent the Messengers and every Messenger had delivered our Message using the
community's idioms, phrases and languages” (Al-Qur'an, Surah Ibraheem 14:4). Hence this
Qur'anic injunction has ruled out every is conception related to the affiliation of Yoga with
Hinduism. It might be possible that the Yogic teachings (as prescribed by the Ashtanga-Yoga)
had been descended by The God Himself to the community whose mother-tongue was.
Moreover, it is interesting to note that in-between Yoga & Islam, we find every religion with
more or less the same teachings as have been propounded by the Ashtanga-Yoga (Roaf et
al.,2014) .
Muslim s (Prayer) can be called Islamic Yoga as through them the same benefits can be
availed that the Yoga practitioners recommend through regular practice of Yoga, thus called
Yoga as 'one of the oldest systems of personal development encompassing body, mind and
spirit'.. Yoga nowadays has become one of the fastest growing health trend, renowned for
centuries for its curative powers of movement. Yogic Asanas comprises of a number of body
postures, which one retains for a length of time while reciting 'Mantras' or breathing in a
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rhythmic manner. Medical schools like Harvard and by many foundations such as Menninger
Foundation have researched the benefits of Yoga and now recommend it to their patients. In
fact, Yoga has become so popular that it has got many versions, like secretaries have
developed a simplified sitting version that they can do at their desks. Interestingly Prayer, the
Islamic has provided Muslims for fourteen centuries with some of the Yoga's same benefits.
This simple form of Yoga provides an individual physical, mental and spiritual benefits five
times a day as Muslims assume certain positions while reciting Quran. Of course, not all the
Yoga positions are found in the Islamic , however, hospital researchers have concluded that
patients benefit from even a simplified version of Yoga i.e. Islamic (Karima Burns, 2012;
Roaf et al.,2014). The Prayer (Namaz) positions have a corresponding Yoga position, and
the positions together 'activate' all seven 'chakras' (energy fields) in the human body. The idea
of activating a chakra may sound linguistically strange, but in layman's terms the idea of
chakras can be understood by thinking about how the 'feeling' sense functions (Roaf et
al.,2014). There're some fanatic people who oppose Yoga saying that it's against Islamic
teachings. Most of them are opposed to Surya Namaskaram by which one means
Worshipping Sun. Surya Namaskaram is not worshipping sun, it means "welcoming the sun"
but Yoga is not haram or I've never heard about it. There're even some references about Yoga
similar to Muslim s. Yoga is a spiritual dimension (https://www.quora.com). Yoga may be
corrupted form of religion.
Today, Yoga, regardless of its religious affiliation, has become one of the most popular
fitness practices all over the world. In India, it has been consistently applied for centuries for
its curative powers of movement. Albeit, several 'asanas' (physical postures) of Yoga may not
be possible to follow in healthcare practices in the absence of the professional supervision for
desirable advantage, Muslims have had the blessing of Prayer that has since fourteen hundred
years become an integral part of their daily activities with physical, psychological, social and
spiritual benefits. Here, the authors would suggest that yoga be treated as a lifestyle, rather
than just a group of 'asanas', which is completely related with health, happiness and longevity
of individual. A careful and judicious combination of these two (i.e., prayer and yoga)
therefore, could possibly double the advantages in enhancing mental health (Prakash,2012).
Prayer has various main positions which are quite similar to certain Asanas in yoga. Both
practices involve stretching the body and activating certain spots in the body (known as
chakras in yoga). Surya Namaskar asana - is a physical-breathing exercise to align a human
body with solar cycle. human beings are a part of this solar system and we are influenced by
Sun and Moon. If our body's cycles are aligned with the moon and Sun's cycle we can reap a
lot of spiritual, mental and Physical benefits. Instead of looking at 'suraya namaskar' asana as
a 'salutation to sun’: Look at is as an exercise. When you practice 'suraya namaskar' - Thank
Almighty Allah for creating the sun which is the source of energy for all the living creatures.
Then, Surya Namaskar: Again, because in Hindu religion Sun is worshipped as God and in
Islam religion Moon is considered more auspicious. The arguments presented are 2: Yog and
Surya Namaskar are un-islamic because; 1.were created by "Polytheists" and hence should not
be followed. 2.Surya Namaskar means bowing to the sun, and in Quran, bowing to anyone
accept Allah is not allowed. Namaskar means a greeting, something like Salam Alekum. In
terms of Quran, it can be understood as one creation of God (Human) greeting another
creation of God ( Surya or Sun) (https://www.quora.com). Yoga consists of a number of
“asnas,” or body positions, which one retains for a desired length of time while either reciting
“mantras” or breathing in a rhythmic manner. Its benefits have been researched by many
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doctors who now recommend it to their patients, by many medical schools such as Harvard,
and by many foundations such as the Menninger Foundation (http://www.fuccha.in).
Discussion
Prayer has special characteristics in that it is a short duration mild-to-moderate psychological,
physical and brain activity. Scientific evidence also supports the notion that even moderate
intensity activities, when performed daily, can have some long-term health benefits. Whereas
Ashtanga-Yoga is a powerful stream of knowledge which enables the practitioners to achieve
radiant physical health, serene mind, and spiritual upliftment and creates the ability for
harmonious social living (Roaf et al.,2014).
Similarities between Namaz and Yoga: Both involve some sort of physical activity, Asanas
in Yoga and Arkan in Namaz. However, Muslims hardly have a thought, while performing it,
that Namaz is an exercise in itself. At the best Namaz can be taken as an active where words
and actions of a performer come in sync on a focused point, God. The root meaning of ‘Yoga’
in Sanskrit and ‘Prayer’ in Arabic is the same, i.e. “to connect”. The word ‘Namaskar’ used in
Yoga and the word used for Islamic s, i.e. ‘Namaz’, have the same meaning, i.e. “to bow
down”. In fact, their root word is also the same, Namas. In Malayalam the word used for
Namaz is just, Namaskaram! (http://www.okhlaheadlines.com). Both Yoga and Namaz
require basic physical and moral cleanliness and purity (http://yogaturkiye.org).
Dissimilarities between Namaz and Yoga: Their objects are different. Namaz is useful for
connectivity with God whereas Yoga is recommended for self-realization, i.e. connectivity
with the self. Namaz prepares a performer for an outwardly engagement whereas Yoga makes
a man more and more inwardly engaged. Ablution, purity of place, sound intention, sober
clothing and direction towards Ka‘abah are prerequisites of Namaz whereas there are no such
terms for Yoga. There is no limit to the number of Asanas in Yoga and more can be added or
subtracted anytime and by anyone without authority. Consider this statement, “There are
thousands of asanas. So it doesn't matter if we drop one (Surya Namaskar). We told those
(Muslims) they could take the name of Allah in place of Surya. There is no difference.” This
is not the case with Namaz. It is a standard practice throughout the Muslim world with only a
few superficial variations due to interpretative understanding and no one as the authority to
alter it. Namaz is a coordinated and focused act to achieve one goal, to seek pleasure of the
Almighty God, while implicitly availing physical and social benefits. People may perform
Yoga with different motives, generally for material gains such as for good health, weight loss,
controlling back pain, etc. Thus, the intended outcomes are different. Namaz is a core integer
of Islam, whereas Yoga is one of the many doctrines in Hinduism. A Muslim is not allowed to
give up Namaz whereas Yoga can be practiced at sweet will and according to motivational
level of an aspirant. Thus, Namaz is obligatory on Muslims and can be forced upon them by a
government but Yoga cannot be thrust upon them or on any other sections against their
unwillingness. There are many complicated Asanas in Yoga that can harm anyone on not
doing them well but Namaz has a simple system which can be followed easily, even by
children of 5 years of age (http://www.okhlaheadlines.com). Attempts to draw from diverse
sources such as alternative and complementary treatment modalities, use of spiritual healing
processes, yoga, Reiki, etc., have yielded mixed results. Religion at large has always been at
hand to lend useful guidance to approach both the physiological illnesses and psychological
maladjustments (Al-Ghazal,2006). One of the most basic and mandatory acts in Islamic tenets
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is the 5 times daily obligatory. Perhaps this act of worship alone can provide solutions to most
psychological and somatic problems in humans. Several reports on the application of in
psychotherapy illustrate the positive outcome in the individuals exhibiting pathological
symptoms such as tension, anxiety, depression and anti-social tendencies. The physical and
physiological benefits of prayer are multiple to say the least. Most of the body muscles and
joints are exercised during Prayer. In the most noteworthy movement of prostration besides
the limb muscles, the back and perineum muscles as well are exercised repeatedly (Sayeed
and Prakash,2013). Namaz postures are similar to yogic postures and therefore namaz, while
being performed as a religious obligation, can simultaneously give the namaz all the benefits
of yoga (http://www.yogamag.net). Namaz consists of rakaats, each rakaat being a series of
7 postures. For example, before sunrise, 2 rakaats or 14 postures must be performed. Thus
each Muslim is under obligation to perform 119 postures per day that is 3750 postures per
month and 42,840 postures per year. Suppose, if we live up to an average of 50 years, namaz
being obligatory from the age of 10 years, we would have performed 1,713,600 postures
compulsorily in this lifetime(https://www.quora.com). Yoga is the product of sadhana of
learned men and women, which are beyond religion and pertain to one's physical and mental
well-being. It is wrong to say that it is un-Islamic. Why, look at the postures of namaaz, there
are eight yoga postures in it including vajrasana. Yoga is part of Islamic practice.
Standing (Qiyam) / Namaste and Mountain Position= Tadasana (Sanskrit Name):
Prayer usually starts in a standing position. The hands are raised to the shoulder level or to
the level of top of the ears. Both arms are then placed over chest, with the right arm over the
left. The feet of the worshippers should be straight and towards Quibble i.e. the direction
towards Kaaba in Mecca city in Saudi Arabia. This posture is somewhat like Tadasana in
Yoga, with the only difference that the saadhak (worshipper) doesn't raise hands straight over
the head (Roaf et al.,2014). One stands erect after declaring his intension of namaz and raise
the hands with open palms up to the ears saying "Allah -o-Akbar". This is the first posture
called "Quayam".This position resembles "Tadasana" a yoga asan/posture. As verticality is
the essence of religion and energy, this pose is essential for both practices
(http://yogaturkiye.org). This pose is essential for both practices. The Mountain Pose is the
foundation for all standing asanas. One always begins from this and returns to it at the
completion of the standing sequence. In this it very closely resembles not only the standing
posture of qiyam in prayer, but also the "Return to Mountain" of T'ai Chi Ch'uan. Standing in
Mountain Pose or qiyam is a quiescent exercise for the whole body: feet, legs, and spine
working together. During Qiyam and Namaste, there is an even distribution to both feet. This
will ease the nervous system and balance the body. The body is charged with positive energy.
This position straightens the back and improves posture. In this position, a verse of the Quran
is recited: ‘And guide us to the straight path.’ Some have interpreted this to mean the
alignment of our Chakras. While reciting more verses from the Quran, the sound vibrations
of the long vowels ā, ī, and ū stimulate the heart, thyroid, pineal gland, pituitary, adrenal
glands, and lungs, purifying and uplifting them all (http://www.onislam.net). Another part of
the body that was not touched, but is along the same nerve pathway, may also respond The
'Takbir' and 'Qiyam' together are very similar to the mountain pose in Yoga, which has been
found to improve posture, balance and self-awareness. Blood pressure and breathing remain
normal in this position, thus providing many benefits to asthma and heart patients. The hands
which are placed on the chest during the Qiyam position are said to activate the solar plexus
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'chakra' or pathway. Which directs the awareness of self in the world and controls the health
of the muscular system, skin, intestines, liver, gall bladder and eyes? When hands are held
open for dua (supplication), they activate the heart 'chakra' said to be the centre of the feelings
of love, harmony and peace and to control love and compassion. It also governs the health of
the heart, lungs, thymus, immune system and circulatory system (Roaf et al.,2014,
http://www.fuccha.in).
Samasthiti
Tadasana
Mountain Pose
Qiyam Namaste
Quanta/Qauma (Straight standing)/ Stand up form the bowing position saying: Samasthiti:
Tadasana (samasthiti-asana )/ Mountain Pose/Standing Upright Posture/ Samasthiti: In this
posture you stand erect and steady, feet together, arms by sides, head, neck, spine, pelvis,
legs, and feet forming a straight, but poised rather than rigid, vertical. Poised posture is the
only posture that imparts a psycho-physical feeling tone that is in accord with Yoga: one of
alertness, balance, integrated energies, and wholeness “Pose of Balance" (Samasthiti).
Mountain Pose: Focus: Mobility, Balance. Body Parts Involved: Core, Legs. Benefits:
Strengthens the thighs and core. Improves posture (http://www.msn.com/en-
us/health/yoga/exercis).
Connecting Hands / Dhyana mudra- Kundalini yoga.
Kundalini yoga is the yoga that focuses upon activating energy that resides in the base of the
spine. The kundalini yoga lifts that energy by various techniques from the lowest chakra
(energy) center up to the highest chakra. There are many chakras in the body, but most
kundalini teachers focus on 7 of them which are along the spinal column
(https://tr.scribd.com, http://the-kundalini.com).
Dhyana Mudra
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Ruk’u/ Bowing /Trikonasana/ Ardha Uttanasana(Sanskrit Name)/ Standing Forward
Bend, Halfway Up Pose: While uttering some verses from the Quran in the standing
position, Rukoo (Bowing) is done by leaning forward, espically at lumber joint supported by
the palms placed on the knees,with fingers spaced out. After reciting some verses in this
position, the worshipper returns to his previous state i.e. standing position. This position is
like Trikonasana in Yoga. After a few seconds, the worshipper gradually reverts to the
previous state until vertebral column is vertical. This position is like the modified Paschim-
Uttanasana (Standing Paschim-Uttanasana) & Trikonasana in Yoga (Roaf et al.,2014). Ruk’u
and Ardha Uttanasana fully stretch the muscles of the lower back, front torso, thighs, and
calves. Blood is pumped into the upper torso. This position tones muscles of the stomach,
abdomen, and kidneys (6). The position of 'Rukoo' is very similar to the forward bend
position in Yoga. Rukoo stretches the muscles of thighs, lower back and allows blood to be
pumped down into the upper torso, which tones the muscles of stomach, abdomen and
kidneys. The Sujud is said to activate the 'crown chakra' which is related to a person's spiritual
connection with the universe around them and their enthusiasm for spiritual pursuits. This
nerve pathway is also correlated to the health of the brain and pineal gland. Its healthy
function balances ones interior and exterior energies (Roaf et al.,2014, http://www.fuccha.in).
Standing Forward Bend: Difficulty Level: Beginner, Focus: Flexibility, Mobility, Balance.
Body Parts Involved: Core, Legs, and Back. Begin in a standing forward bend. Use a deep
inhale to engage your navel to your spine and come to a flat back. Outwardly rotate your
thighs. Your neck stays long and in line with the rest of your spine. Breathe here for at least
three deep breaths. Outwardly rotate your thighs. Neck stays long, in-line with the rest of your
spine. Breathe here for at least three deep breaths. Benefits: Strengthens the back. Lengthens
the hamstrings. Helps alleviate stomach pains. Spinal stretching: Since all the nerves of the
body are channeled from the spinal cord out between the vertebrae, a healthy spine is of
central importance for the well-being of the whole human body and mind. It takes much
patient, persistent practice to make and keep the spine ideally flexible, and only the most
dedicated yogis succeed in this. Since Islam is a path for everyone, the Islamic spinal stretch
is kept easy and within everyone's reach: the bowing position called ruku only requires that
you bend forward enough to place your hands on your knees. Nonetheless, even this minimal
stretch helps keep the spine in good condition (http://www.msn.com/en-
us/health/yoga/exercis, http://www.fuccha.in).
Modified Uttanasana
Ruk’u Ardha Uttanasana
Go into the prostration position/ Sanskritçe Adı: Utkatasana/ Chair Pose: Go into the
prostration position by bending your knees and going down slowly. Chair pose: Difficulty
Level: Beginner. Focus: Strength, Power, Muscle Endurance, Balance. Body Parts Involved:
Chest, Butt. Benefits: Builds strength, stability and stamina. Is alleged to be a fat-burning
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pose. Helpful in alleviating symptoms of arthritis and joint pain http://www.msn.com/en-
us/health/yoga/exercis)
Prostration (Sujood= Sujud)/ Balasana/ Shashtaangasana ( Shashankasana): The act of
prostration is done from the standing position to kneeling, the position involves having the
forehead, nose, both hands, knees and all toes touching the ground together. This position is
like Shashtaangasana in Yoga. The position of al-Qaaidah,(or Julus) is similar to the
Vajrasana (thunderbolt) pose in Yoga, which firms the toes, knees, thighs and legs. It is said
to be good for those prone to excessive sleep, and those who like to keep long hours. The
'throat chakra' is activated by turning the head towards first the right and then the left shoulder
in the closing of the . This nerve path is linked to the throat, neck, arms, hands and hearing-
effecting individual's creativity and communication (Roaf et al.,2014). Sujud is the most
important position in . This position stimulates the brain’s frontal cortex. It leaves the heart in
a higher position than the brain, which increases flow of blood into upper regions of the body,
especially the head and lungs. This allows mental toxins to be cleansed. This position allows
stomach muscles to develop and prevents growth of flabbiness in the midsection. It maintains
proper position of fetus in pregnant women, reduces high blood pressure, increases elasticity
of joints and alleviates stress, anxiety, dizziness and fatigue. Easy Yoga for Elimination: The
stimulate Abdominal and pelvic zone (Intestinal region), the eliminative energy of the body.
Try this exercise: Sit on the heels. Bring your forehead to the ground in front of your knees.
Place your hands in fists by your ears. Raise your buttocks as high as possible, keeping your
forehead on the ground. Breathe long and deep through the nose. Continue for 1-3 minutes
and then relax http://www.msn.com/en-us/health/yoga/exercis). The neck muscles, in
particular, are strengthened such that it is uncommon to find a person offering regular prayer
prostrating at least 40 times a day to suffer from cervical spondylosis or myalgias. Sajdah is
the only position in which the head is in a position lower than the heart and therefore, receives
increased blood supply. This surge in blood supply has a positive effect on memory,
concentration, psyche and other cognitive abilities. During Sajdah dissipation of the
electromagnetic energy accumulated from the atmosphere takes place by the grounding effect
at regular intervals resulting in a calming feeling. A recent study investigating the alpha brain
activity during Muslim s has reported increased amplitude in the parietal and occipital regions
suggestive of parasympathetic elevation, thus indicating a state of relaxation(Sayeed and
Prakash,2013).
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Child’s Pose (Balasana):
Shankasana
Sujud Balasana
Come up the prostration position / Sitting in Kneeling Pose/Vajrasana/ Simhasana
(Sanskrit Name)/Lion Pose: Sitting in Kneeling Pose: Kneeling, Toes Tucked Pose:
Difficulty Level: Beginner. Focus: Balance. Body Parts Involved: Legs, Joints. Benefits: This
pose opens the arches of your feet, which helps for balance. It is said to help with symptoms
of plantar fasciitis. Lion Pose: Difficulty Level: Beginner. Focus: Breathing. Body Parts
Involved: Total Body, Chest. Begin by kneeling with your knees slightly separated and your
palms face down on your thighs. Your toes can be tucked or untucked. Benefits: This is great
for relieving stress, as well as tension in your chest and face http://www.msn.com/en-
us/health/yoga/exercis).
Vajrasana / Kneeling Pose
Lion pose
Sitting (Tahayat) and finishing Prayer/Julus / Thunderbolt Pose /Vajrasana: Sitting is an
important step in Prayer. After standing, bowing and prostration, sitting is done on the left
foot along the ground with the right foot upright. After reciting some verses from Quran in
this position, the Prayer is concluded by reciting greetings of salaam by looking over one's
right and then left side. This posture is more like virasana in Yoga (Roaf et al.,2014). This
Asana resembles more or less the Namaz pose in which the Muslims sit for . Furthermore,
both vajrâsana and jalsah are the same as the ‘zazen’ posture of Japan (http://yogaturkiye.org).
Julus and Vajrasana aid the detoxification of the liver and stimulate peristaltic action of the
large intestine. This position assists digestion by forcing the contents of the stomach
downward. It helps in curing varicose veins and joint pains, increases flexibility, and
strengthens the pelvic muscles (http://www.fuccha.in). Benefits of Vajrasana (syatik): Those
having gas problems should perform this asana, immediately after a meal. It provides relief
from sciatic pain. The benefit of Vajrasana done for 5-7 minutes is equivalent to a long
walking exercise. Also, the Vajrasana is very beneficial in curing the problem of varicose
veins. This pose give longevity and strengthens the spine. Thunderbolt Pose: Islamic religion
suggests this pose for offerings (namaz). Begin by kneeling on your shins, with your hands
pressed down on your thighs. Lengthen from your tailbone all the way through the crown of
your head, then slightly tuck your chin. Difficulty Level: Beginner. Focus: Breathing. Body
Parts Involved: Legs, Joints. Vajrasana (Thunderbolt pose) Benefits: In this posture, all seven
International Journal of Science Culture and Sport (IntJSCS), 2016; 4:(SI 2): 639-651
Copyright©IntJSCS (www.iscsjournal.com) - 649
chakras of body are aligned in straight line which makes it easy for the practitioner to raise
his/her kundalini (serpent) sakthi and experience its movement along their spinal cord. If you
breathe only into your stomach (not lungs) and allow that hot air from stomach to circulate
throughout your body for a minute, it helps in reducing fat and removes all toxics from body.
If somebody takes a close look to this asana, can see that it is closely related to the’ posture’
of Muslims. It is also very efficient in curing leg pain due to arthritis, sexual disorders,
urinary problems, etc. if you feel leg pain of any kind, practice vajrasana for at least 15
minutes, a great relief will be occurred, since it blocks blood to legs for some time, it enlarges
and refreshes the blood vessels in legs and thus a great relief from leg pain is experienced.
Good for grounding and posture. Is thought to improve digestion (http://www.msn.com/en-
us/health/yoga/exercis).
Thunderbold Yoga Pose
Julus Varjasana
Peace to the right and left (sitting) / ardha matsyendrasana/ Spinal twists /Seated Easy
Twist Pose: Finally, as we say the final salutation (tasleem) at the end of the, turning the
head to the right and left massages the neck muscles and increases their flexibility (http://the-
kundalini.com). A session of yoga practice normally concludes, just before final relaxation,
with a thorough twist of the whole spine (ardha matsyendrasana) to the right and to the left. It
helps to even out the spine from the other poses it has done and keep everything balanced. In
much the same way, prayer concludes with the of peace (salam) said while turning the head to
the right and then to the left. This works only the cervical and may be a few of the thoracic
vertebrae, but it is useful for keeping the neck flexible and is consistent with the pattern in
prayer of presenting reduced versions of the yoga asanas. Seated Easy Twist Pose: Difficulty
Level: Beginner. Focus: Flexibility, Mobility. Body Parts Involved: Pelvis, Core, Joints.
Benefits: Is believed to stimulate digestion. Improves hip and spine flexibility. Opens the
shoulders (http://www.msn.com/en-us/health/yoga/exercis).
Seated Easy Twist Pose
Ardha matsyendrasana
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Copyright©IntJSCS (www.iscsjournal.com) - 650
Easy Seat Pose (Sanskrit Name: Sukhasana)/ Throat Lock/ Jalandhara Bandha
(Sanskrit Name): Difficulty Level: Beginner. Focus: Flexibility, Breathing. Body Parts
Involved: Pelvis, Core, and Back. Benefits: Improves posture and improves hip flexibility.
Promotes roundedness and calmness. Cross one shin in front of the other, knees wide, and
heels underneath opposite knees. Allow your hands to relax on your thighs: palms face up for
energy or facedown for grounding. Draw your shoulder blades down and together on your
back (http://www.yogicwayoflife.com). Throat Lock: Protects the neck. This pose is thought to
protect the inner ear, brain, and eyes from the pressure created by breath retention
(http://www.msn.com/en-us/health/yoga/exercis).
Gyan Mudra: Begin in Easy Seat. Allow your hands to relax onto your thighs face up or
down. Place the pads of your pointer fingers and thumbs together, keeping your middle, ring,
and pinky fingers long. Breathe here for at least five deep breaths (http://www.msn.com/en-
us/health/yoga/exercis).
Kolay Oturuş
Throat Lock
Jalandhara Bandha
Gyan Mudra
Easy Yoga Pose
(Sukhasana)
Conclusion
Many researches have so far concentrated on the application of religious practices and their
physical benefits. Within this frame, Turkmen (2004) underlined that western countries
supported the applications of martial arts sports in formal education in order to contribute to
spiritual, moral and physical development of the children.
Namaz, as a daily physical practice performed 5 times a day by the Muslims, has also various
physical benefits. Namaz postures are similar to yogic postures and therefore namaz, while
being performed as a religious obligation, can simultaneously give the namaz all the benefits
of yoga. Prayer and Yoga can be regarded often as a type of stretching and flexibility
exercise. Namaz and yoga both generates inner energy, vitality and flexibility.
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Al-Ghazal SK Medical Miracles of the Qur′an. Leicestersire: The Islamic Foundation; 2006.
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Eliade M, Yoga: Immortality and Freedom. Princeton University Press, 2009, USA.
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Prayer and Stretching Exercise,International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and
Sciences, Langkawi, 17th-19th December 2012
International Journal of Science Culture and Sport (IntJSCS), 2016; 4:(SI 2): 639-651
Copyright©IntJSCS (www.iscsjournal.com) - 651
KhawatirTV, Episode 10; The Book of Sufi Healing by Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti;
Living Presence: A Sufi Way to Mindfulness & the Essential Self by Kabir Edmund
Helminski
Raof Ahmad Bhat , Syed Tariq Murtaza , Mohd. Sharique and Farkhunda Jabin, “Unity
Of Health Through Yoga and Islamic 'Prayer’” : Academic Sports Scholar, Vol. 3 | Issue. 10 |
ISSN : 2277-3665,Oct 2014,pp.1-6
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health. Indian J Psychiatry ;55, Suppl S2:224-30
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... If a person lives up to an average of 50 years, Salah being obligatory from the age of 10 years, he would have performed approx. 1,713,600 compulsorily postures in his lifetime [2]. It is documented that a person may be expected to pray from the age of seven, ive times a day; resulting in a signi icant number of knee and hip lexion over a lifetime an estimate of 70 times a day. ...
... The toes, entire vertebral column and upper and lower spinal muscle experiences a stretch. The knees forming a right angle allow abdominal muscles contraction to be activated and prevents labbiness [2]. ...
... Al-Gazal (2006) and Ayad (2008) stated that prostration is the only position in which the head is in a position lower than the heart and therefore, receives increased blood supply to the brain, stimulates the brain's frontal cortex. This reduces the chances of brain hemorrhage and headache, helps to reduces high blood pressure [2], This surge in blood supply also has a positive effect on memory, concentration, psyche and other cognitive abilities. A study investigating the alpha brain activity during prostration has reported increased amplitude in the parietal and occipital regions suggestive of parasympathetic elevation, thus indicating a state of relaxation (Doufesh,2012) [18]. ...
... Overall, a Sunni Muslim should repeat the prayer movements at least 17 times every day [18]. Therefore, the overall number of postures taken when performing Salah cannot be less than 119 per day [19]. Each of the nine postures has a specific duration, which varies from 3-4 to 40-60 s. ...
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... In addition, prayer and dhikr meditation are found to greatly affect spiritual well-being, when performed appropriately with 2 khushu (Imamoglu and Dilek 2016;Rosmani et al. 2015). This is referred to as the state of mind of an individual during prayers, characterized by the complete direction of minds and hearts to God (Sayeed and Prakash 2013). ...
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... Several studies (Aqlan et al., 2017;Kamran, 2018;Imamoglu and Dilek, 2016;Fatimah et al., 2013) have been reported that the complex physical movements of the ritual (Islamic prayer) can reduce lower back pain if prayer performed regularly and properly. Aqlan et al., (2017) reported the percent reduction of lower back pain for different prayer postures by performing prayer. ...
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Immortality and Freedom
  • M Eliade
Eliade M, Yoga: Immortality and Freedom. Princeton University Press, 2009, USA.
Investigation of Electromyographic Activity during Prayer and Stretching Exercise
  • I Fatimah
  • A Siti
Fatimah I, Siti A, Ahmad, Investigation of Electromyographic Activity during Prayer and Stretching Exercise,International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Langkawi, 17th-19th December 2012
The Book of Sufi Healing by Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti; Living Presence: A Sufi Way to Mindfulness & the Essential Self by Unity Of Health Through Yoga and Islamic 'Prayer
  • Khawatirtv
KhawatirTV, Episode 10; The Book of Sufi Healing by Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti; Living Presence: A Sufi Way to Mindfulness & the Essential Self by Kabir Edmund Helminski Raof Ahmad Bhat, Syed Tariq Murtaza, Mohd. Sharique and Farkhunda Jabin, " Unity Of Health Through Yoga and Islamic 'Prayer' " : Academic Sports Scholar, Vol. 3 | Issue. 10 | ISSN : 2277-3665,Oct 2014,pp.1-6
Cognitive behaviour therapy in India: Practice, problems and innovations Advances in Psychology ResearchUzakdoğu sporlarının (UDS) çocuk gelişimine etkisi
  • A Prakash
Prakash A (2012). Cognitive behaviour therapy in India: Practice, problems and innovations. Advances in Psychology Research. Vol. 94. New York: Nova Science Publishers Türkmen M (2004).Uzakdoğu sporlarının (UDS) çocuk gelişimine etkisi", Sakarya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 8: pp. 562-582.
Leicestersire: The Islamic Foundation
  • Al-Ghazal
Al-Ghazal SK Medical Miracles of the Qur′an. Leicestersire: The Islamic Foundation; 2006. p. 94-9.
Episode 10; The Book of Sufi Healing by Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti
  • Khawatirtv
KhawatirTV, Episode 10; The Book of Sufi Healing by Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti;
Unity Of Health Through Yoga and Islamic 'Prayer
Living Presence: A Sufi Way to Mindfulness & the Essential Self by Kabir Edmund Helminski Raof Ahmad Bhat, Syed Tariq Murtaza, Mohd. Sharique and Farkhunda Jabin, "Unity Of Health Through Yoga and Islamic 'Prayer'" : Academic Sports Scholar, Vol. 3 | Issue. 10 | ISSN : 2277-3665,Oct 2014,pp.1-6