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Benefits and uses of pineapple

Joy PP. 2010. Benefits and uses of pineapple. Pineapple Research Station (Kerala Agricultural University),
Vazhakulam-686 670, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India.
Benefits and Uses of Pineapple
Dr. P. P. Joy, Associate Professor & Head, Pineapple Research Station (Kerala Agricultural University), Vazhakulam-686 670,
Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam, Kerala, India. Tel. & Fax: +914852260832, Email:, Web:
Functional benefits
Pineapple (Ananus comosus, Bromeliaceae) is a wonderful tropical fruit having exceptional
juiciness, vibrant tropical flavour and immense health benefits. Pineapple contains considerable
calcium, potassium, fibre, and vitamin C. It is low in fat and cholesterol. Vitamin C is the body's
primary water soluble antioxidant, against free radicals that attack and damage normal cells. It is
also a good source of vitamin B1, vitamin B6, copper and dietary fibre. Pineapple is a digestive aid
and a natural Anti-Inflammatory fruit. A group of sulfur-containing proteolytic (protein digesting)
enzymes (bromelain) in pineapple aid digestion. Fresh pineapples are rich in bromelain used for
tenderizing meat. Bromelain has demonstrated significant anti-inflammatory effects, reducing
swelling in inflammatory conditions such as acute sinusitis, sore throat, arthritis and gout and
speeding recovery from injuries and surgery. Pineapple enzymes have been used with success to
treat rheumatoid arthritis and to speed tissue repair as a result of injuries, diabetic ulcers and general
surgery. Pineapple reduces blood clotting and helps remove plaque from arterial walls. Studies
suggest that pineapple enzymes may improve circulation in those with narrowed arteries, such as
angina sufferers. Pineapples are used to help cure bronquitis and throat infections. It is efficient in
the treatment of arterioscleroses and anaemia. Pineapple is an excellent cerebral toner; it combats
loss of memory, sadness and melancholy. Pineapple fruits are primarily used in three segments,
namely, fresh fruit, canning and juice concentrate with characteristic requirements of size, shape,
colour, aroma and flavour.
Potential Anti-Inflammatory and Digestive Benefits
Bromelain is a complex mixture of substances that can be extracted from the stem and core fruit of
the pineapple. Among dozens of components known to exist in this crude extract, the best studied
components are a group of protein-digesting enzymes (called cysteine proteinases). Originally,
researchers believed that these enzymes provided the key health benefits found in bromelain, a
popular dietary supplement containing these pineapple extracts. In addition, researchers believed
that these benefits were primarily limited to help with digestion in the intestinal tract. However,
further studies have shown that bromelain has a wide variety of health benefits, and that many of
these benefits may not be related to the different enzymes found in this extract. Excessive
inflammation, excessive coagulation of the blood, and certain types of tumor growth may all be
reduced by therapeutic doses of bromelain when taken as a dietary supplement. Studies are not
available, however, to show these same potential benefits in relationship to normal intake of
pineapple within a normal meal plan.
Bromelain extracts can be obtained from both the fruit core and stems of pineapple. Potentially
important chemical differences appear to exist between extracts obtained from the stem versus the
fruit core. However, the practical relevance of these differences is not presently understood. Most of
the laboratory research on bromelain has been conducted using stem-based extracts, however.
Joy PP. 2010. Benefits and uses of pineapple. Pineapple Research Station (Kerala Agricultural University),
Vazhakulam-686 670, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India.
Although healthcare practitioners have reported improved digestion in their patients with an
increase in pineapple as their "fruit of choice" within a meal plan, there are no published studies that
document specific changes in digestion following consumption of the fruit (versus supplementation
with the purified extract. However, it is suspected that the fruit core will eventually turn out to show
some unique health-supportive properties, including possible digestion-related and anti-
inflammatory benefits.
Antioxidant Protection and Immune Support
Vitamin C is the body's primary water-soluble antioxidant, defending all aqueous areas of the body
against free radicals that attack and damage normal cells. Free radicals have been shown to promote
the artery plaque build-up of atherosclerosis and diabetic heart disease, cause the airway spasm that
leads to asthma attacks, damage the cells of the colon so they become colon cancer cells, and
contribute to the joint pain and disability seen in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. This would
explain why diets rich in vitamin C have been shown to be useful for preventing or reducing the
severity of all of these conditions. In addition, vitamin C is vital for the proper function of the
immune system, making it a nutrient to turn to for the prevention of recurrent ear infections, colds,
and flu.
Manganese and Thiamin for Energy Production and Antioxidant Defenses
Pineapple is an excellent source of the trace mineral manganese, which is an essential cofactor in a
number of enzymes important in energy production and antioxidant defenses. For example, the key
oxidative enzyme superoxide dismutase, which disarms free radicals produced within the
mitochondria (the energy production factories within our cells), requires manganese. Just one cup of
fresh pineapple supplies 128.0% of the DV for this very important trace mineral. In addition to
manganese, pineapple is a good source of thiamin (Vitamin B1) that acts as a cofactor in enzymatic
reactions central to energy production.
Protection against Macular Degeneration
Fruits are more important than carrots for eye sight. Data reported in a study published in
the Archives of Ophthalmology indicates that eating 3 or more servings of fruit per day may lower
the risk of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), the primary cause of vision loss in older
adults, by 36%, compared to persons who consume less than 1.5 servings of fruit daily.
In this study, which involved over 110,000 women and men, researchers evaluated the effect of
study participants' consumption of fruits; vegetables; the antioxidant vitamins A, C, and E; and
carotenoids on the development of early ARMD or neovascular ARMD, a more severe form of the
illness associated with vision loss. While, surprisingly, intakes of vegetables, antioxidant vitamins
and carotenoids were not strongly related to incidence of either form of ARMD, fruit intake was
definitely protective against the severe form of this vision-destroying disease. Three servings of
fruit may sound like a lot to eat each day, but pineapple can help you reach this goal. Add fresh
pineapple to your morning smoothie, lunch time yogurt, any fruit and most vegetable salads. For
example, try adding chunks of pineapple to your next coleslaw or carrot salad.
Joy PP. 2010. Benefits and uses of pineapple. Pineapple Research Station (Kerala Agricultural University),
Vazhakulam-686 670, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India.
Nutritional Value
Given here is the value of different nutrients in 100 grams of pineapple.
Calcium - 16 mg
Energy- 52 Calories
Carbohydrates - 13.7 gm
Dietary Fibre - 1.4 gm
Iron - 0.28 mg
Magnesium - 12 mg
Protein - 0.54 g
Phosphorus - 11 mg
Potassium - 150 mg
Vitamin A - 130 I.U
Vitamin B1 - 0.079 mg
Vitamin B2 - 0.031 mg
Vitamin B3 - 0.489 mg
Vitamin B6 - 0.110 mg
Vitamin C - 24 mg
Zinc - 0.10 mg
Nutritional and Health Benefits
One of the juiciest fruits that is absolutely a delight to eat is the pineapple. It can be taken with
whipped cream, custard or just like that. Pineapple juice is equally yummy and refreshing and is one
of the favorite drinks of many people during hot weather. The best part about pineapples is that it is
loaded with nutrients and beneficial enzymes, which ensures that you not only have a healthy body
but also a glowing complexion.
Pineapple is known to be very effective in curing constipation and irregular bowel movement. This
is because it is rich in fibre, which makes bowel movements regular and easy.
For any kind of morning sickness, motion sickness or nausea, drink pineapple juice. It works
effectively in getting rid of nausea and vomiting sensation.
It has virtually no fat and cholesterol and is loaded with essential nutrients and vitamins that are
needed by the body for overall growth and development.
Juice from fresh pineapple can be used to relieve bronchitis, diphtheria and chest congestion. Not
only does it have enough amounts of Vitamin C, but it also contains an enzyme called Bromelain,
which is known to dissolve and loosen up mucus.
Pineapple is effective in getting rid of intestinal worms and also keeps the intestines and kidneys
clean. It is effective in flushing out the toxins from the body, thus making the metabolism healthy.
Pineapples are very rich in manganese and even a single cup of pineapple is supposed to contain a
good amount of it. This mineral is required for the growth of healthy bones and tissues.
Joy PP. 2010. Benefits and uses of pineapple. Pineapple Research Station (Kerala Agricultural University),
Vazhakulam-686 670, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India.
High content in Vitamin C ensures that oral health remains in top condition always. It helps prevent
gum disease and also prevents the formation of plaque, thus keeping the teeth healthy.
Food Uses
In Puerto Rico and elsewhere in the Caribbean, Spaniards found the people soaking pineapple slices
in salted water before eating, a practice seldom heard of today.
Field ripe fruits are best for eating fresh, and it is only necessary to remove the crown, rind, eyes
and core. In Panama, very small pineapples are cut from the plant with a few inches of stem to serve
as a handle, the rind is removed except at the base, and the flesh is eaten out-of-hand like corn on
the cob. The flesh of larger fruits is cut up in various ways and eaten fresh, as dessert, in salads,
compotes and otherwise, or cooked in pies, cakes, puddings, or as a garnish on ham, or made into
sauces or preserves. Malayans utilize the pineapple in curries and various meat dishes. In the
Philippines, the fermented pulp is made into a popular sweetmeat called nata de pina. The
pineapple does not lend itself well to freezing, as it tends to develop off flavours.
Canned pineapple is consumed throughout the world. The highest grade is the skinned, cored fruit
sliced crosswise and packed in syrup. Undersize or overripe fruits are cut into "spears", chunks or
cubes. Surplus pineapple juice used to be discarded after extraction of bromelain (q.v.). Today there
is a growing demand for it as a beverage. Crushed pineapple, juice, nectar, concentrate, marmalade
and other preserves are commercially prepared from the flesh remaining attached to the skin after
the cutting and trimming of the central cylinder. All residual parts cores, skin and fruit ends are
crushed and given a first pressing for juice to be canned as such or prepared as syrup used to fill the
cans of fruit, or is utilized in confectionery and beverages, or converted into powdered pineapple
extract which has various roles in the food industry. Chlorophyll from the skin and ends imparts a
greenish hue that must be eliminated and the juice must be used within 20 hours as it deteriorates
quickly. A second pressing yields "skin juice" which can be made into vinegar or mixed with
molasses for fermentation and distillation of alcohol.
In Africa, young, tender shoots are eaten in salads. The terminal bud or "cabbage" and the
inflorescences are eaten raw or cooked. Young shoots, called "hijos de pina" are sold on vegetable
markets in Guatemala.
Food Value Per l00 g of Edible Portion*
Moisture 81.3-91.2 g
Ether Extract 0.03 0.29 g
Crude Fibre 0.3-0.6 g
0.098 g
6.2 3
7.2 mg
Phosphorus 6.6-11.9 mg
Iron 0.27-1.05 mg
Joy PP. 2010. Benefits and uses of pineapple. Pineapple Research Station (Kerala Agricultural University),
Vazhakulam-686 670, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India.
Carotene 0.003 0.055 mg
0.048 0.138 mg
0.04 mg
Niacin 0.13-0.267 mg
Ascorbic Acid
27.0-165.2 mg
*Analyses of ripe pineapple made in Central America.
Sugar/acid ratio and ascorbic acid content vary considerably with the cultivar. The sugar content
may change from 4% to 15% during the final 2 weeks before full ripening.
When unripe, the pineapple is not only inedible but poisonous, irritating the throat and acting as a
drastic purgative.
Excessive consumption of pineapple cores has caused the formation of fibre balls (bezoars) in the
digestive tract.
Other Uses
The proteolytic enzyme, bromelain, or bromelin, was formerly derived from pineapple juice; now it
is gained from the mature plant stems salvaged when fields are being cleared. The yield of
bromelain from stem juice is 2.15%. The enzyme is used like papain from papaya for tenderizing
meat and chill proofing beer; is added to gelatin to increase its solubility for drinking; has been used
for stabilizing latex paints and in the leather-tanning process. In modern therapy, it is employed as a
digestive and for its anti-inflammatory action after surgery, and to reduce swellings in cases of
physical injuries; also in the treatment of various other complaints.
Pineapple leaves yield a strong, white, silky fibre which was extracted by Filipinos before 1591.
Certain cultivars are grown especially for fibre production and their young fruits are removed to
give the plant maximum vitality. The 'Perolera' is an ideal cultivar for fibre extraction because its
leaves are long, wide and rigid. Chinese people in Kwantgung Province and on the island of Hainan
weave the fibre into coarse textiles resembling grass cloth. It was long ago used for thread in
Malacca and Borneo. In India, the thread is prized by shoemakers and it was formerly used in the
Celebes. In West Africa, it has been used for stringing jewels and also made into capes and caps
worn by tribal chiefs. The people of Guam hand-twist the fibre for making fine casting nets. They
also employ the fibre for wrapping or sewing cigars. Pina cloth made on the island of Panay in the
Philippines and in Taiwan is highly esteemed. In Taiwan, they also make a coarse cloth for farmers'
Joy PP. 2010. Benefits and uses of pineapple. Pineapple Research Station (Kerala Agricultural University),
Vazhakulam-686 670, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India.
The outer, long leaves are preferred for fibre. In the manual process, they are first decorticated by
beating and rasping and stripping, and then left to ret in water to which chemicals may be added to
accelerate the activity of the microorganisms which digest the unwanted tissue and separate the
fibres. Retting time has been reduced from 5 days to 26 hours. The retted material is washed clean,
dried in the sun and combed. In mechanical processing, the same machine can be used that extracts
the fibre from sisal. Estimating 22 leaves/kg, 22,000 leaves would constitute one tonne and would
yield 22-27 kg of fibre.
Pineapple juice has been employed for cleaning machete and knife blades and, with sand, for
scrubbing boat decks.
Animal Feed
Pineapple crowns are sometimes fed to horses if not needed for planting. Final pineapple waste
from the processing factories may be dehydrated as "bran" and fed to cattle, pigs and chickens.
"Bran'' is also made from the stumps after bromelain extraction. Expendable plants from old fields
can be processed as silage for maintaining cattle when other feed is scarce. The silage is low in
protein and high in fibre and is best mixed with urea, molasses and water to improve its nutritional
In 1982, public concern in Hawaii was aroused by the detection of heptachlor (a carcinogen) in the
milk from cows fed "green chop" leaves from pineapple plants that had been sprayed with the
chemical to control the ants that distribute mealy bugs. There is supposed to be a one year lapse to
allow the heptachlor to become more dilute before sprayed plants are utilized for feed.
Folk Medicine
Pineapple juice is taken as a diuretic and to expedite labour, also as a gargle in cases of sore throat
and as an antidote for sea sickness. The flesh of very young (toxic) fruits is deliberately ingested to
achieve abortion (a little with honey on 3 successive mornings); also to expel intestinal worms; and
as a drastic treatment for venereal diseases. In Africa the dried, powdered root is a remedy for
edema. The crushed rind is applied on fractures and the rind decoction with rosemary is applied on
hemorrhoids. Indians in Panama use the leaf juice as a purgative, emmenagogue and vermifuge.
Ornamental Value
The pineapple fruit with crown intact is often used as a decoration and there are variegated forms of
the plant universally grown for their showiness indoors or out. Since 1963, thousands of potted,
ethylene treated pineapple plants with fruits have been shipped annually from southern Florida to
northern cities as indoor ornamentals.
... 27 Enzim bromelain pada nanas juga mengurangi pembengkakan pada kondisi radang sendi serta mempercepat perbaikan jaringan otot akibat cedera yang diakibatkan penumpukan kadar asam laktat. 28 Buah nanas adalah sumber vitamin dan mineral. Satu buah nanas matang yang sehat dapat memasok sekitar 16,2% dari kebutuhan harian untuk vitamin C. Vitamin C adalah antioksidan utama yang larut dalam air, melawan radikal bebas yang menyerang dan merusak sel normal. ...
ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Olahraga dengan instensitas yang tinggi dapat mengakibatkan peningkatan kadar asam laktat. Konsumsi jus bit-nanas pada atlet dapat meningkatkan kadar oksida nitrat (NO) yang memiliki berbagai fungsi berkaitan dengan aliran darah, pertukaran gas, biogenesis, efisiensi mitokondria,dan penguatan kontraksi otot sehingga mencegah peningkatan kadar asam laktat.Tujuan: Menganalisis pengaruh pemberian jus bit nanas terhadap kadar asam laktat pada atlet sepakbola Kota Semarang.Metode: Penelitian true experimental dengan desain pre-post test with controlled group design. Subjek penelitian adalah 32 orang atlet laki-laki sekolah sepak bola PERSISAC dan Akademi New Tugu Muda berusia 15-16 tahun. Pemberian jus bit-nanas pada kelompok perlakuan 200 ml, sedangkan kontrol diberikan air mineral 200 ml. Pemberian intervensi dilakukan satu kali pada pagi hari sebelum latihan. Pengukuran kadar asam laktat diambil dua kali, sebelum intervensi dan setelah melakukan test RSAT (Running Sprint Test Anaerobic). Data dianalisis menggunakan uji paired-t-test, independent-t-test, one way anova dan mann-whitney.Hasil: Sebagian besar subjek memiliki asupan (energi, karbohidrat, lemak, protein, vitamin C) yang kurang. Tidak terdapat perbedaan (p>0,05) rerata kadar asam laktat antara subjek dengan status gizi underweight, normal dan overweight. Terdapat perbedaan signifikan (p<0,05) antara kadar asam laktat sebelum dan setelah pemberian jus bit-nanas pada kelompok perlakuan, namun tidak ada beda pada kontrol. Kadar asam laktat pada kelompok perlakuan lebih rendah dibandingkan kelompok kontrol.Simpulan: Pemberian jus bit-nanas sebelum latihan berpengaruh secara bermakna terhadap kadar asam laktat atlet sepak bola Kota Semarang.Kata kunci: atlet sepak bola; jus bit-nanas; kadar asam laktat ABSTRACTBackground: Exercise with high intensity result an increase in lactic acid. The consumption of beet-pineapple juice in athletes can increase nitric oxide (NO) levels that serve a variety of functions related to blood flow, gas exchange, biogenesis, mitochondrial efficiency, as well as strengthening muscle contractions and preventing the increase in lactic acid levels.Objective: This study aimed to analyze the effect of pineapple-beet juice (Beta vulgaris L, Ananas comosus) on lactate acid among football athlete.Methods : Design of true experimental research with pretest-post test control group design. Subject were thirty-two male athletes of PERSISAC and New Tugu Muda Academy football school aged 15-16 years. The treatment of pineapple-beet juice give consist of treatment group consumed 200 ml, while control consumed 200 ml of water. Intervention was given once in the morning before training. Lactic acid measurements was taken twice, before intervention and after RSAT test (Running Sprint Test Anaerobic). All data were analyzed using paired-t-test, independent-t-test, one way anova and mann-whitney.Results: Most subjects had intake (energy, carbohydrate, fat, protein, and vitamin C) inadequate categories. No differences (>0,05) of lactic acid levels average between subjects with BMI in the underweight, normal and overweight categories. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between lactic acid levels average before and after the consumption of beet-pineapple juice in the treatment group, but there was no difference in the control group. The treatment group were lower in lactic levels than the control group.Conclusion: Consumption of beet-pineapple juice before exercise shows significant impact on the lactic acid levels of Semarang football athletesKeywords: beet-pineapple juice, football athletes, lactic acid levels
... Mixture of young fruit and leaves juice with honey prevent worm infection. In terms of nutritional value, pineapples are rich in vitamins A, B and C (Joy, 2010 andKader et al., 2010). Moreover, there are significant amounts of manganese, calcium, iron and phosphorus. ...
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The main focus of this research was to explore the present status of pineapple cultivation in Madhupur tract of Bangladesh. Primary data were collected using a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire by face-to-face interviews from a sample of 300 pineapple growers and two focus group discussions were also carried out from M arch to May 2022. According to the study findings majority (51%) of the respondents cultivate pineapple in their own land having medium experience (53.3%), followed mixed cropping pattern (89%) where 25.33 percent respondent cultivate banana as companion crop. 'Calendar' is the top most cultivated variety of pineapple in M adhupur tract. M ajority of the respondent use balanced pesticide and ripening agent due to increasing demand of chemical free farm fresh pineapple among consumers. Higher profit compared to other crops (82.00 %) was the main reason for producing pineapple in the study area. M ajority (26.67%) of the respondent followed (Grower-Faria-Bepari-Aratdar-Wholesaler-Retailer-Consumers) channel among the six dominant marketing channels to market their produced pineapple. The results of SWOT analysis revealed that weakness of pineapple cultivation in M adhupur tract have the potential to improve. If the government and other policy making organizations come forward to solve the problems arising in pineapple cultivation, then the position of pineapple as fruit will be consolidated soon in home and abroad.
... Pineapple production therefore can be used as a panacea for food security and job creation, help in rural development, launch the country on the path of self-sufficiency, increase food production and help in improving lives and health care delivery services. Pineapple is a wonderful tropical fruit having exceptional juiciness, vibrant flavour and immense health benefits (Joy, 2010). It is grown both for the fresh and processed market, which makes it an important food which can be eaten fresh or eaten in a processed form (FAO, 2009). ...
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The study analysed the marketing efficiency of pineapple in selected markets in Kano metropolis. Data was collected with the used of questionnaire and were analysed using descriptive statistics, market margin analysis and market efficiency. Results shows that the majority (33.3%) of the respondents were within the ages of 47-55 years, followed by 23.8% within the age range of 29-37 years and 9.5% of age range of 56-64 years were the minimum. Household size, in the wholesaler's side category 5-8 size had the highest members with 42.80%, followed by 1-4 and 17-20 with 19.10% each, while 14.30% had 9-12 and the least was households within the range of 13-16 with only 4.8%, while in the retailer's side category 1-5 size had the highest members with 40.90%, followed by 11-15 with 24.90%, then 22.60% had 6-10 while 9.10% had 16-20 size and the least was household within the range of 21-25 with only 2.30%. However, 31-37years category ranked the least with 4.80%. On the retailers side the result reveals that 13-20 years category ranked the highest with 41.00% and 37-44years category were the least with 6.80% each. The marketing margin analysis indicated that for every 14.4kg pineapple, gross marketing margin of wholesalers N 158.85 was higher than that of retailers N 129.66 whereas net marketing margin of retailers with N 91.24 was higher than that of wholesalers with N 59.09, return on investment of retailers with 1.11 was also higher than that of wholesalers with 1.08, and however, marketing margin of wholesalers with 20.03 is higher than that of retailers with 14. This means that pineapple marketing in the study area was profitable. The marketing efficiency for 14.4kg pineapple was highest with 337.48% for retailers while that of wholesalers was lower with 159.23%. Generally, it can be deduced that among all the market participants, the overall marketing efficiency indicates that the markets were efficient. It can be concluded that pineapple marketing was profitable and efficient in the study area despite the constraints faced by the marketers. And therefore can be recommended that Construction of good road network to reduce damage of pineapple during transportation and plastics trays should be provided.
... Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L) Merr.) is an important tropical fruit in the world. Mature fruit contains sugar, a protein digesting enzyme bromelin, citric acid, vitamin A and Vitamin B (Joy, 2010) [20] . It can be used as supplementary nutritional fruit for good health with an excellent source of vitamins and minerals and considerable calcium, potassium, fiber and vitamin C. Pineapple is the third most important tropical fruit in the world after banana and citrus (Hemalatha and Anbuselvi, 2013;Rohrbach et al., 2003) [35,11] . ...
... But the sell value of pineapples has been declined since 2008 that 43% to 32% in 2017, this seemed to be the challenge. Reference [5] indicates that in India pineapple smallholders face the problem of biowaste management, post-harvest management and value addition however, their pineapple specific training support to stakeholders and the opportunity of industry support, research, and development support, and a well-established and organized farmers association [6]. ...
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The paper examined the benefits resulting from the production of pineapple among smallholder farmers in Donge village in Zanzibar. A case study research design was important in generating data out of 40 smallholder farmers using a mixed approach. Questionnaire survey, focus group discussion facilitated the gaining of the data on the problem. It was found that there are opportunities resulting from the growing of pineapple mostly enjoyed by youths in the study area that call for the attention to deal with the parallel challenges influencing an effective production among smallholders. It was found that smallholder farmers benefit in the form of livelihood improvement in the day to day lives depending on the pineapples. The evidence was seen in enabling members of the community to have the capacity to own modern houses, means of transport, and cellular phones among other essentials of needs. There was evidence of the high level of influence of the challenges on pineapple farming involving pineapple production that include access to markets, cost of inputs and transportation and cost of labour. It was concluded that there are opportunities in the production of pineapple that require the attention to handle the resulting challenges of markets, transport, and cost of inputs. It was recommended that attention should be called upon dealing with the systematic challenges that influence the ability of smallholder farmers to maximise the potential opportunities and enjoyable socioeconomic benefits of pineapple farming in the area.
... Измельчённая кожура используется при заживлении ран, а её отвар с добавлением розмарина считается эффективным при геморрое. Индейцы в Панаме пьют сок из листьев растения в качестве слабительного и глистогонного средства [13] . В Бангладеш ананасовым соком лечат лихорадку, а соком из листьев растения -желтуху [14] . ...
В статье рассмотрены основные свойства ананаса и его воздействие на организм человека. Проведен систематический обзор современной специализированной литературы и актуальных научных данных. Указан химический состав и пищевая ценность фрукта, рассмотрено использование ананаса в различных видах медицины и эффективность его применения при различных заболеваниях. Отдельно проанализированы потенциально неблагоприятные эффекты ананаса на организм человека при определенных медицинских состояниях и заболеваниях. Рассмотрены научные основы диет с его применением. Расширенная HTML версия статьи приведена на сайте
... Pineapple could be eaten as a fresh fruit or selected as a basic raw ingredient used in the confectionery industry [4][5][6]. The fruit contains immense nutrients and is abundant in vitamins A, C, B1, and B6 [7][8][9]. It also has proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, copper, manganese, and several minerals [5,10]. ...
Full-text available
Pineapple is one of the most economically important fruits in tropical countries, particularly in Thailand. Canned pineapple is currently Thailand's main exported commodity to many countries, including the United States, Russia, Germany, Poland, and Japan. Fungal diseases are considered a permanent threat to fruits in the pre-and post-harvest stages, leading to considerable economic losses. Fungal disease is one of the primary causes of massive yield losses in pineapples around the world. Colletotrichum species are the most common fungal pathogens affecting different tropical fruits. Although there are many reports regarding Colletotrichum species associated with pineapple, they do not have molecular data to confirm species identification. However, the occurrence of Colletotrichum species on pineapple has not been reported in Thailand so far. In this study, we isolated and identified Colletotrichum fructicola on pineapple in northern Thailand and have proven its pathogenicity to the host. This is the first report of the occurrence of Colletotrichum in pineapple, based on morpho-molecular approaches.
... The pineapple or Ananas comosus L. is a member of the Bromeliaceae family [16] that grows in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Kenya, India, China, South America, and several other tropical and subtropical countries [10]. Several plants in this family are used in traditional medicine to treat various pathologies, with pharmacological action such as diuretic, antibacterial, anthelmintic, antidiabetic, antitussive, anticancer, antiproliferative, and pro-apoptotic [17,18]. ...
Pineapple cultivation in the central zone of Uttar Pradesh represents a dynamic agricultural endeavor, characterized by both challenges and opportunities. This abstract explores the unique factors that farmers face in this region, shedding light on the potential for this tropical fruit's growth and economic contribution. The central zone of Uttar Pradesh experiences a diverse climate, ranging from hot summers to cold winters. Pineapple, originally a tropical fruit, demands consistent warmth [1]. This climatic variability presents a significant challenge for pineapple growers, who must adapt their cultivation practices to ensure optimal growth and yields. Moreover, the soil quality in this region often falls short of the sandy loam and fertility requirements that pineapple plants thrive in [2]. Soil testing and enhancement become critical tasks for farmers looking to establish a suitable environment for pineapple cultivation. Pests and diseases further compound the challenges. Pineapple plants are susceptible to a range of issues, including mealybugs, aphids, and the dreaded fusarium wilt. Effective pest and disease management strategies are vital to maintaining healthy crop yields while minimizing the use of chemical pesticides [3]. Additionally, many farmers in the central zone may lack the requisite technical knowledge and skills needed for successful pineapple cultivation. Access to training and extension services, as well as modern farming practices, becomes essential to enhance agricultural techniques and overcome these challenges. On the flip side, there are significant opportunities awaiting pineapple growers in this region [4]. Pineapples are increasingly sought after for their unique flavor and nutritional value, creating a robust market demand in both local and national markets. Farmers have the potential to tap into this growing demand and enhance their income through pineapple cultivation. Furthermore, integrating pineapple cultivation into existing cropping systems offers an avenue for crop diversification, reducing dependency on a single crop and enhancing overall farm sustainability. Value addition through processing, such as converting pineapples into juice, jam, or canned fruit, allows farmers to expand their product range, increase shelf life, and reduce post-harvest losses [5]. Government support in the form of initiatives and subsidies designed to promote horticulture and agricultural diversification provides a crucial opportunity for pineapple growers to access financial and technical assistance.
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