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EKOROTA BARTIN: DOĞAL VE KÜLTÜREL KORİDORLARIN HARİTALANMASI EcoRoute Bartin: Mapping of Natural and Cultural Corridors
Bartın, after 1980s, was negatively influenced by the economic change in Turkey and since then it had been among the emigrant cities until recently. In the last years, the immigration has decelerated and the city population, to a little extent, has increased thanks to the developments in industry and tourism and especially as a result of the foundation of Bartın University, which has proliferated since 2008. The fact that Bartın has not benefited from heavy industrialisation yet enables it to be less influenced by the environmental destructions; thus, this has helped its natural beauties to remain intact or unharmed up to date. In Bartın, where tourism is regarded as a significant source of income, it is well-known that there is a negative correlation between the daily visitors of Bartın and those who put up in Bartın as tourists. Unfortunately, most of the visits paid are daily. Based on sun, beach and sea of İnkumu, Güzelcehisar and Çakraz as well as historic and natural beauties of Amasra, tourism activities that are frequent in summer months limit the number of tourists. City tourism should immediately and actively extend to other seasons. In spite of the fact that Bartın’s Küre Mountain National Park is known to have natural forests, unique rural landscapes, historic settlements, civil architecture and an abundant wildlife, the efforts to let tourism gain these values remain insufficient. For that reason, it should be added “local meanings” to these values. This study is significant because it aims at manifesting these meanings and building a unity and it also adopts the need for route planning in order to reach the destination. A route is a network system that assembles a variety of natural and cultural values with an integrating approach and enables these values to have new meanings or let us discover their hidden meanings. A route planning is one of the significant means to diversify and develop tourism both in Turkey and across the world recently. The routes such as Viking Routes, Destination Napoleon, the Route of Don Quixote, the German Seramics Route in Europe; Lycian Way, Hittite Trail and Evliya Çelebi Way in Turkey not only feature the historical and cultural values of settlements outside the tourism regions but also support rural development by enabling them to be tourist attractions. Route planning is a requirement for revealing the natural and cultural values in and around Bartın and develop the tourism. By means of this project aiming to meet this requirement, it will be possible to establish a unity of natural and cultural heritage values within the boundaries of the province of Bartın. Edited on the existent planning works and intending to create a perception of sustainable tourism based on natural and cultural values, this study is a guide for local institutions to follow in the course of their works. I would like to thank the project team and the West Black Sea Development Agency (BAKKA) that created this book and the Foundation for the Protection and Promotion of the Environment and Cultural Heritage (ÇEKÜL) that helped them to write this book. I wish that this study will be for the benefit of the related institutions, tourism sector, the community of Bartın, our students and academicians.