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Bartın, after 1980s, was negatively influenced by the economic change in Turkey and since then it had been among the emigrant cities until recently. In the last years, the immigration has decelerated and the city population, to a little extent, has increased thanks to the developments in industry and tourism and especially as a result of the foundation of Bartın University, which has proliferated since 2008. The fact that Bartın has not benefited from heavy industrialisation yet enables it to be less influenced by the environmental destructions; thus, this has helped its natural beauties to remain intact or unharmed up to date. In Bartın, where tourism is regarded as a significant source of income, it is well-known that there is a negative correlation between the daily visitors of Bartın and those who put up in Bartın as tourists. Unfortunately, most of the visits paid are daily. Based on sun, beach and sea of İnkumu, Güzelcehisar and Çakraz as well as historic and natural beauties of Amasra, tourism activities that are frequent in summer months limit the number of tourists. City tourism should immediately and actively extend to other seasons. In spite of the fact that Bartın’s Küre Mountain National Park is known to have natural forests, unique rural landscapes, historic settlements, civil architecture and an abundant wildlife, the efforts to let tourism gain these values remain insufficient. For that reason, it should be added “local meanings” to these values. This study is significant because it aims at manifesting these meanings and building a unity and it also adopts the need for route planning in order to reach the destination. A route is a network system that assembles a variety of natural and cultural values with an integrating approach and enables these values to have new meanings or let us discover their hidden meanings. A route planning is one of the significant means to diversify and develop tourism both in Turkey and across the world recently. The routes such as Viking Routes, Destination Napoleon, the Route of Don Quixote, the German Seramics Route in Europe; Lycian Way, Hittite Trail and Evliya Çelebi Way in Turkey not only feature the historical and cultural values of settlements outside the tourism regions but also support rural development by enabling them to be tourist attractions. Route planning is a requirement for revealing the natural and cultural values in and around Bartın and develop the tourism. By means of this project aiming to meet this requirement, it will be possible to establish a unity of natural and cultural heritage values within the boundaries of the province of Bartın. Edited on the existent planning works and intending to create a perception of sustainable tourism based on natural and cultural values, this study is a guide for local institutions to follow in the course of their works. I would like to thank the project team and the West Black Sea Development Agency (BAKKA) that created this book and the Foundation for the Protection and Promotion of the Environment and Cultural Heritage (ÇEKÜL) that helped them to write this book. I wish that this study will be for the benefit of the related institutions, tourism sector, the community of Bartın, our students and academicians.
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ÖZET Hantavirüs rodentler ile yayılan zoonoz bir hastalıktır. Bu hastalık Batı Karadeniz bölgesinde Bartın ve Zonguldak illerinde tespit edilmiştir. Hastalığı yayan rodent türlerinin yaşam alanları ormanları kapsamaktadır. Bu sebepten alandaki orman ekosistemleri hantavirüsün dağılımı üzerinde önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Hantavirüs dağılımı gösteren ormanlar genellikle yapraklı ve iğne yapraklı karışık orman tiplerini kapsamaktadır. Alanda görülen yaygın orman tipleri şunlardır: kayın saf, göknar saf, kayın göknar karışık, göknar karaçam karışık, kayın karaçam karışık, kayın güren karışık. Bu ormanlar çoğunlukla orta sıklık ve kapalılıktadır ve alt florasını genellikle orman gülleri oluşturmaktadır. Bu orman ekosistemlerinin florası kadar faunası da oldukça zengin bir yapıya sahiptir. Alanda görülen en önemli hayvan türleri: Karaca, yaban domuzu, geyik, ayı, kurt, çakal ve çok sayıda rodent türü ve 200’den fazla kuş türüdür. Anahtar Sözcükler: Hantavirüs, orman, ekosistem, dağılım ABSTRACT Hantavirüs is a zoonotic disease, spread by rodent. This disease have been found the provinces of Bartın and Zonguldak in Western Black Sea Region. Rodent species habitats spreading disease cover forests. Therefor, the forest ecosystems are very important for hantavirus distribution in this region. The forests showing hantavirus distribution are generally mixed forests by leaf and coniferus. Common forest types showing in the area: Beech pure, fir pure, beech and fir mixed, fir and black pine mixed, beech and black pine mixed, beech and hornbeam mixed. These forests are generally medium frequency and closeness and rododendrons are created subflora. The fauna as rich as the flora in these forest ecosystems. Most important wild animals showing in the area: Roe, wild boar, deer, bear, wolf, jackal, many rodent species ve more than 200 bird species. Key Words: Hantavirus, forest, ecosystem, distribution
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This study was conducted by battue and track counting method in the research area. 4825 ha. of about 17.000 ha. land was investigated. 8 mamal animal species form 3 different orders were indentificated. This species are Lagomorpha (1 species) (Lepus europaeus L. 1758 (European hare)), Carnivora (4 species) (Vulpes vulpes (L. 1758) (Red fox), Martes foina (L. 1758) (Beech marten), Canis lupus L. 1758 (Grey wolf), Ursus arctos L. 1758 (Brown bear)), Artiodactyla (3 species) (Sus scrofa L. 1758 (wild board), Capreolus capreolus (L. 1758) (Roe deer), Cervus elaphus L. (Red deer)),. According to results of study wild boar (Sus scrofa ) has highest population in this area. Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) has tehe second level population level. Among the predator species red fox (Vulpes vulpes) has highest population level. The second is beech marten (Martes foina) and the thirth is grey wolf (Canis lupus). While the popuklation of brown bear (Ursus arctos) is in medium level, red deer (Cervus elaphus) and European hare (Lepus europaeus) populations are extremelly low.
A new and promising field has appeared as a result of the increased tourist industry based on natural resources, though too often such expansion has been achieved without due planning and has taken many people by surprise. Conservationists and their organizations have often reacted adversely to this ‘invasion’, but this need not be so. There are many reasons and examples which prove that a change of attitude, leading to a symbiotic relationship between tourism and conservation in the wide sense, can offer a very large variety of advantages and benefits—physical, cultural, ethical, and economic—to a country. A tourist industry can expect a brilliant future, based on natural assets of the environment, provided due consideration is given to the ecological principles which must guide resource-use. The alliance of those responsible for tourism with ecologists and conservationists is a natural one, that should contribute greatly to development—the right kind of development involving the right kind of change—leading to a better quality of life for all concerned.
The Living Landscape is a manifesto, resource, and textbook for architects, landscape architects, environmental planners, students, and others involved in creating human communities. Since its first edition, published in 1990, it has taught its readers how to develop new built environments while conserving natural resources. No other book presents such a comprehensive approach to planning that is rooted in ecology and design. And no other book offers a similar step-by-step method for planning with an emphasis on sustainable development. This second edition of The Living Landscape offers Frederick Steiner’s design-oriented ecological methods to a new generation of students and professionals. The Living Landscape offers • a systematic, highly practical approach to landscape planning that maximizes ecological objectives, community service, and citizen participation • more than 20 challenging case studies that demonstrate how problems were met and overcome, from rural America to large cities • scores of checklists and step-by-step guides • hands-on help with practical zoning, land use, and regulatory issues • coverage of major advances in GIS technology and global sustainability standards • more than 150 illustrations. As Steiner emphasizes throughout this book, all of us have a responsibility to the Earth and to our fellow residents on this planet to plan with vision. We are merely visiting this planet, he notes; we should leave good impressions.
Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi Makrofungusları Üzerine Araştırmalar. TUBİTAK araştırma Projesi
  • A Afyon
  • M Konuk
  • D Yağız
Afyon A., Konuk M., Yağız, D., 2001. Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi Makrofungusları Üzerine Araştırmalar. TUBİTAK araştırma Projesi, TBAG-1659 (197TO97).