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Effects of "Throwers Ten" Exercise Program for Injury Prevention in Adolescent Overhead Athletes: A Randomized Controlled Trial: 1632 Board #285 June 2, 8: 00 AM - 9: 30 AM
Throwers Ten (T10) exercise program was designed for overhead athletes and commonly used in clinic or eld settings. However, it is unknown whether T10 exercise program can also be suggested as an effective injury prevention program. PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of T10 exercise program on injury occurrence in adolescent overhead athletes. The authors hypothesized that T10 exercise program is effective in reducing the rates of injury in adolescent overhead athletes. METHODS: The authors randomized 8 teams of the same club. Four teams were allocated to the intervention group (49 athletes), and 4 teams were allocated to the control group (31 athletes). T10 exercise program was performed two sets in a week additional to the routine training program during the season in the intervention group. Athletes performed their routine training program during the season in the control group. The authors conducted an injury surveillance program during a 9-months season. The primary outcome was any injury to the athletes. The secondary outcome was any injury to the upper extremity. Injury occurrence and location in the body, type of injury on upper extremities were recorded. Statistical analyses were done with chi-square test. RESULTS: During the 9-months season, upper extremity injury rates were 14.3% (n=7) and 25.8 % (n=8) in the intervention group and control group, respectively. 70% (n=5) interphalangeal sprain and 30% (n=2) rotator cuff tendinitis were observed in the intervention group. 12 % (n=1) shoulder dislocation, 12 % (n=1) rotator cuff tendinitis and 75% (n=6) interphalangeal sprain were diagnosed in the control group. However, there was no statistically signi cant difference between groups (p=0.19). CONCLUSION: The ndings of this study revealed that the T10 exercise program has no effect in reducing the rates of injuries in adolescent overhead athletes. Further studies with more focus on exercise compatibility and larger sample size are warranted.