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From intentions to actions: a theory of planned behavior: in action control: From cognition to behavior

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... In consequence, the current study intends to follow up on the gap by applying the theory of planned behavior (TPB) (Ajzen 1985) to probe consumer participation intentions in the "buy-local" campaign. The TPB is beneficial for explaining consumer behavior, regarding environmental and social supportive behavior (Kim and Han 2020;Ahmad et al. 2020). ...
... The theory of planned behavior (TPB) is a social-psychological model initiated by Ajzen (1985Ajzen ( , 1991 to predict and explain human behavior in making a decision. The TPB is applied in this study to investigate consumer participation intention in the "buy-local" campaign. ...
... By integrating the TPB by Ajzen (1985) and national identity expressions by Carvalho, Luna, and Goldsmith (2019), this study provides a conceptual framework that makes it possible to investigate consumer participation intentions in the "buy-local" campaign. Specifically, this study firstly explores the consequence of national identity expressions (nationalism, patriotism, ethnocentrism) on attitude toward the "buy-local" campaign. ...
Article
The spread of COVID-19 has caused various problems worldwide. The “buy-local” campaign is one of the strategies carried out by both the government and civilians to deal with these problems by campaigning for the importance of supporting and buying local products. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the mechanisms underlying participation intention in the “buy-local” campaign by applying the theory of planned behavior and national identity expressions. Empirical data were collected through self-administered online questionnaires and managed to collect 414 responses. The results indicated that five of the six hypotheses are supported. Patriotism and ethnocentrism positively influence attitudes toward the “buy-local” campaign. Meanwhile, nationalism was found to have no effect on attitudes toward the “buy-local” campaign. Also, factors such as attitude toward the “buy-local” campaign, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control positively affect participation intentions in the “buy-local” campaign. The findings provide fresh theoretical and practical implications.
... In this context, the well-known guides of Ajzek (2006) and Francis et al. (2004) for operational models of the Theory of Planned Behavior (Icek Ajzen, 1985) have been adapted for this study regarding the energy conservation behavior in the light of previous studies in the pro-environmental behavior literature [47,48]. According to the Theory of Planned Behavior, although there is not always a positive correlation between behavioral intention and actual behavior, an individual's intentions are the first precursor to performing a behavior. ...
... Additionally, it can be directly measured by evaluating the individual's self-efficacy and beliefs regarding the behavior's controllability. It has two indirect measures, which are control beliefs (individual's beliefs about the presence or absence of facilitators or barriers to performing the behavior), e.g., 'the decision to reduce my energy consumption is beyond my control', and influence behavior (perceived power of control beliefs to perform a behavior), e.g., 'I am confident that I could reduce my energy consumption if I wanted to' [47][48][49][50][51]. In addition, as can be seen in Figure 1, socio-cultural, demographic, environmental, and personal factors might be influential on behavioral, normative, and control beliefs of individuals about to perform a target behavior. ...
... The Theory of Planned Behavior (Icek Ajzen, 1985) has been used by psychologists and non-psychologists to explain and predict various human behaviors in different disciplines of science. Moreover, there is a high volume of studies using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in the behavioral change literature, which demonstrates the theory's success in predicting and understanding individuals' behavioral intentions and actual behavior over time. ...
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Article
The energy crisis is the foremost concern for the developing world, predominantly in European countries. The global energy demand will increase significantly by 2050, while natural resources dramatically decrease every day. However, net-zero emissions targets, climate emergency calls (1.5 °C global warming limit), smart environmental transformations, and energy transition efforts bring hope for fundamental changes in climate action globally. One of the best and most cost-effective strategies to achieve reduced energy consumption is encouraging energy conservation actions, which should begin at the household level and further spread to the community level. Therefore, this study aims to point out the critical role and growing importance of the ‘human’ dimension of smart cities via a behavior-based approach. The main purpose of the study is to measure the effect of feedback and intervention mechanisms on the energy conservation behavior of 100 volunteers who live in Kadikoy, Istanbul, over eight months through a behavioral questionnaire. The findings indicate that the feedback and intervention mechanisms affect volunteers’ energy conservation behaviors in the following behavioral groups: intention (t(99) = −2.75, p = 0.00), attitude (behavioral beliefs and outcome evaluations) (t(99) = 2.29, p = 0.02), subjective norms (t(99) = −4.07, p = 0.00), and perceived behavioral control (control beliefs and influence behavior) (t(99) = 3.60, p = 0.00). Moreover, among the four variable groups, participants’ intention, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control scores are relatively high in favor of actual energy conservation behavior. Hence, the findings of the study will provide valuable insights for the local government in terms of empowering citizen participation and data-driven feedback loops, from the bottom-up energy transition perspective, via smart technologies in smart cities
... The theoretical model in TPB reflects the prediction of volitional behaviors as it adds a factor called the Perceived Behavioral Control, which can be defined as how a person perceives their ability to perform a particular behavior [25]. Moreover, the availability of resources aids in people's control over their behavior. ...
... Ref. [5] suggested that greater knowledge of e-services, their benefits, and how transparently they are implemented may help in increasing their acceptance rate. In theory, greater knowledge may improve a user's ability to judge how much action is required to use new systems [25]. In the context of this research, academics are likely to swiftly adopt e-tax declaration systems, and their continued use is expected due to their realistic expectations being met after using these systems. ...
... The theoretical model of the study was developed based on TPB's assumptions [25]. Four hypotheses were developed and tested as follows; subjective norm was hypothesized to have a positive and direct effect on e-tax declaration using; attitude and knowledge were hypothesized to have a positive and direct effect on e-tax declaration usage; moreover, awareness was introduced as a moderator between subjective norms and e-tax declaration usage. ...
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Article
Purpose: This research attempts to profoundly understand the factors influencing the usage of e-tax declarations. Design/methodology/approach: In a cross-sectional survey, partial least square-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) is used to examine the hypotheses on 182 academic taxpayers working in Public Universities in Jordan. Findings: The findings indicate that knowledge, subjective norms, and attitude play a vital role in taxpayers’ usage of e-tax declarations. Moreover, knowledge confirms the power of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), which helps predict people’s behavior. However, the results reveal that awareness does not moderate the previously mentioned relationship. Research limitations/implications: The sample size is limited, and the participants were academics who work at public universities. Therefore, it is advisable to study larger sample size to confirm the study’s results. Moreover, further research could diversify the sample in terms of occupation, digital divide, and e-literacy, as these factors may significantly impact e-tax declaration usage. A comparison across various groups would be beneficial in gaining a better understanding of the demographics and variables that impact the use of e-tax declarations. The second limitation is the collection of mainly quantitative data; collecting qualitative data to further understand the main factors that could affect the usage of e-services would play a role in supporting the study’s findings. Practical implications: This study provides strategic guidance for Jordanian policymakers in improving citizens’ acceptance of mandatory e-services usage by affecting their knowledge, attitude, and subjective norms. As a result, these practical suggestions positively influence taxpayers’ usage of e-services, which contributes to their usage of optional ones. E-service adoption rates may rise by emphasizing their benefits, such as improving equity, efficiency, life quality, and limiting adverse environmental effects. Originality/value: This study expands the scope of mandatory public e-services research.
... Based on the definition by Mair and Martí, the two most important aspects of social entrepreneurship (sociopreneurship) are, first, the formation process of sociopreneurial behaviour and, secondly, its impact on the community (Mair & Martí, 2006). A number of theories and models have been proposed to expound on the formation process of sociopreneurial behaviour, such as the theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1985), entrepreneurial event model (Shapero, 1982;Krueger & Carsrud, 1993) and social entrepreneurial intention model (Mair & Noboa, 2006). ...
... The researchers are seemingly unaware that the theory of planned behaviour is only applicable if the probability of success and control over external factors is less than perfect. Ajzen (1985), in his theory of planned behaviour, noted the importance of several factors that may prevent the conversion of intention to behaviour, such as limitation of skill, information, time and others. Therefore, scholars should look into further investigation of these external factors as well as explore the outcome of the sociopreneurial behaviour. ...
... Although Ajzen has stated that the intention to perform a behaviour may be changed before the actual action takes place due to many external factors such as change of information or lack of skill, knowledge, time opportunity, etc. The existence of external factors that influence the stability of behavioural intention, and therefore the conversion of intention to behaviour is not an automatic process (Ajzen, 1985). ...
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Article
Social entrepreneurs focus on gaining social benefits rather than maximization of business profit. A number of theories and models have been proposed by prior researchers to expound on sociopreneurial behaviour. This article aims to integrate the existing theories and those models into an Integrated Theory of Sociopreneurial Behaviour, which combines both formation and impact of sociopreneurial behaviour. The theory states that, firstly, external support(s) and/or hindrance(s) are significant moderator(s) to strengthen or weaken the prediction of sociopreneurial intention conversion into successful sociopreneurial behaviour. Secondly, the sociopreneurial behaviour should foster direct and/or indirect improvement to both the community and the sociopreneur without conflict of interest. This article discusses the literature support and proposes future research approaches.
... The research framework applied in this study is based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) (Ajzen 1985) decomposed using factors given in the diffusion of innovations theory (Rogers 1983). This Decomposed Theory of Planned Behaviour has been adapted from Taylor & Todd (1995). ...
... The objective of this study is to identify and analyse the role of attitudinal factors, social norms and behavioural control factors in influencing intentions to adopt mobile banking services in India. A framework based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (Ajzen 1985) and Diffusion of Innovations Theory (Rogers 1983) is used to derive the factors. The study contributes to theory and practices both by helping in understanding the theoretical constructs influencing the adoption of mobile banking and practically assisting the banks in understanding major factors that influence the customer intentions of adopting mobile banking services. ...
... The research framework applied in this study is based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) (Ajzen 1985) decomposed using factors given in the Diffusion of Innovations Theory (Rogers 1983) adapted from Taylor & Todd (1995). The decomposed TPB model further breaks the attitudinal factors using constructs from the innovations theory and also offers a deeper insight into subjective norms and perceived behavioural control by decomposing them further into more specific parameters. ...
... Lack of ideas, language proficiency limitations, health problems, pressure, the volume of work, and the lack of interest in the required task are among the reasons for committing academic plagiarism. Consistent with the Theory of Planned Behaviour (Ajzen, 1985), this study suggests that attitudes and knowledge are the predictors that influence students to commit plagiarism. This study allows HEIs management as well as policy-makers to formulate strategies in eliminating plagiarism among undergraduate students because academic plagiarism threatens the reputation of nations, universities, teachers, and students. ...
... Figure 1 shows the research framework for this study. Consistent with the Theory of Planned Behaviour developed by Ajzen (1985), this study conjectures that the involvement in plagiarism is stimulated by knowledge and attitude concerning behaviour. ...
... This signifies that when respondents perceived that they have low knowledge about plagiarism, then they will be more likely to involve in academic plagiarism. The influence of attitudes and knowledge towards plagiarism behaviour is consistent with the Theory of Planned Behaviour (Ajzen, 1985) that argued that our actual behaviour is preceded by our behaviour intentions and these are equally influenced by attitudes and perceived behavioural control (knowledge). ...
... Fishbein and Ajzen [41] introduced the Theory of Reasoned Actions (TRA), in which intentions are deemed to be determined by attitudes (Att) and subjective norms (SN). Later, Ajzen [42,43] established the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), which is an extension of TRA, as the non-volitional determinant of Perceived behavioural control (PBC) was added to the model. Although TPB has been extensively employed during the last decades in the examination of behavioural intentions, it is still considered to be of profound value [44]. ...
... A structured questionnaire included the TPB variables originally developed for the requirements of this study, and a measure of scepticism towards environmental claims adopted from Mohr et al. [38]. The development of the TPB variables was based on the procedure suggested by the founder and the TACT (Target, Action, Context, Time) methodology, which guided the development of the behavioural intentions [42]. According to the principle of compatibility, all other measures of the theoretical model should be developed following the intentions conceptualisation. ...
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This paper aims to examine Greek consumers’ intentions to purchase innovative green cosmetics and detergents. The new products, not yet delivered to the market, will contain green chemicals produced by recycled CO2, sun, and water. A model of the Theory of Planned Behaviour extended by scepticism was conceptualised, and the relevant measures were originally developed for this study. A survey was conducted through electronic interviews with 306 respondents. Stratified sampling was implemented according to the population distributions of gender and age in Greece. The results revealed that perceived behavioural control was the stronger influencer of intentions, followed by subjective norms, while the impact of attitudes was found to be surprisingly weak. Scepticism was found able to moderate the relationship between subjective norms and consumption intentions, indicating that the influence of important persons on intentions towards green buying is stronger in those consumers who obtained a higher level of scepticism.
... [7][8][9][10][11][12][13] TPB was proposed by Ajzen, who believed that "Behavioral Intention (BI)" is one of the best variables for predicting the rational behavior of individuals. 14 TPB was developed from the theory of multi-attribute attitude (TMA) and the theory of reasoned action (TRA). TPB can be traced back to TMA, proposed by Fishbein, positing that behavioral attitudes could determine behavioral intentions. ...
... When individuals perceive themselves as having more resources and opportunities; and fewer common barriers, the greater the perceived behavioral control of behavior and the extension of TRA into a new TPB model. 14 Given the different opinions on the number of vaccines and the safety of various vaccines during the COVID-19 epidemic, asymmetric information regarding vaccines may be a possibility, resulting in uncertainty and increased risk perception regarding vaccination and affecting the willingness of college students to be vaccinated. Therefore, in addition to the TPB model, this study combined the information asymmetry theory proposed by Akerlof. ...
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Article
Taiwan’s coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccine procurement was delayed until October 2021. With the vaccine’s introduction in Taiwan, the public will have an opportunity to choose vaccination. Choosing to vaccinate involves considerations regarding the trade-off between the protective power of the vaccine and its side effects, which is a planned behavior. College students have considered high-risk objects for COVID-19 outbreaks given their lifestyle, and their efficient vaccination may help reduce mutual infection between college students and the general public. This study obtained 707 valid questionnaires from Taiwan college students (20 years old and above). We investigated several factors during our college students’ survey regarding vaccination. Among this integrated TPB model, “Attitude,” “Subjective Norm,” “Perceived Behavioral Control,” and “COVID-19 Information Asymmetry” had a positive impact on vaccination “Behavioral Intention.” COVID-19 information asymmetry positively and significantly affected behavioral intention through perceived behavioral control, while perceived behavioral control had a mediating effect. To promote the behavioral intention of college students to choose COVID-19 vaccination, public and private departments for epidemic prevention must aim to overcome the self-efficacy barriers of perceived behavioral control and promote the primary group influence effect of subjective norm and the self-interest factor of attitude. Governments and NGOs should also ensure prompt and accurate transmission of epidemic and vaccine information and actively investigate and prohibit misleading details from unknown sources and no scientific basis. Such a policy will generate trust, effectively increasing the vaccination rate and reducing cluster infection.
... Several competing theoretical models demonstrate human behaviour for the user acceptance of technologies. Previous studies such as the theory of reasoned action (TRA) [32], theory of planned behaviour (TPB) [33], technology acceptance model (TAM) [34], extended technology acceptance models TAM2 [35], TAM3 [36], and unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) [37] [38] demonstrate theories in the relevant domain. ...
... However, a person may not perform an activity even if motivated by positive attitudes because of a lack of control over the person's actions. Therefore, TRA is extended to TPB [33], including perceived behavioural control as an additional variable. The TPB model's problem is that a person's attitude toward using the computer system becomes irrelevant if the computer system is not accessible to that person. ...
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Article
Information and communications technology (ICT) represents an enormous opportunity to introduce significant and lasting positive changes across the developing world. Several attributes determine behavioural intention to adopt the technology. Some elements will stimulate end users' intention to use the technology, while others are detrimental. This study is designed to measure the relationship between various factors on individuals' perceptions of adopting an ICT-based instrument to stimulate ICT innovations. A model was developed by combining the technology acceptance model and the diffusion of innovation theory. A survey questionnaire was distributed among students and teachers in higher education and industry professionals working with university collaborations. A sample of 202 responses was analysed using structural equation modelling. A good insight into user acceptance and the adoption of a systematic model to reinforce ICT innovations are provided in this study with the derived results. Theoretical and practical implications for the factors influencing the acceptance of the system are discussed.
... Behavioral intention can be analyzed as an individual's planned future behavior [52], determined by satisfaction [13]. The intention is mainly measured by repurchasing or revisiting, mouth-to-mouth, and recommended intentions [50]. ...
... Figure 2 indicated the research model. [52], determined by satisfaction [13]. The intention is mainly measured by repurchasing or revisiting, mouth-to-mouth, and recommended intentions [50]. ...
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This study examined the effect of four dimensions (i.e., the experience of education, entertainment, aesthetics, and escape) of the experience economy on participants’ attachment values toward tourism places in the context of the virtual Korean Wave experience during the COVID-19 pandemic. It also tested the relationship between attachment values and continuous immersion intention in virtual reality. An online survey was conducted on Asian people who experienced the Korean Wave culture, and 387 questionnaires were completed. Statistical analyses were used to establish the relationship between experiences, satisfaction, and continuous immersion intention comprising descriptive analysis, explanatory factor analyses, and multiple regression analysis. The result showed that the virtual Korean Wave (entertainment, educational, aesthetic, and escapism experience) significantly impacted participants’ attachment values. The meaningful virtual experiences would provide new insights into enhancing participants’ attachment to tourist places. There is little research examining the cultural experience and the attachment values of online users within the experience economy, despite the emergence and continuation of the novel coronavirus, which has led to many challenges in social, economic, technological, and medical systems’ lifestyles
... Attitude predicts innovation adoption intentions and decisions, especially when decision makers must make rational decisions involving an important topic [35]. In the engineering-construction industry, key stakeholders tend to exhibit positive attitudes once they perceive the benefits of blockchain adoption. ...
... Finally, adoption intention reflects the extent to which a decision maker wishes to engage in a behavior, or how much effort the decision maker is willing to commit toward achieving that behavior. Based on the TPB context, adoption intention can predict technology adoption and mediate the relationships among attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and technology adoption [35]. Many organizational studies have validated the role of blockchain adoption intention. ...
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Article
Blockchain technology is promising toward transforming conventional construction practices to improve collaboration and integration management in engineering-construction projects. The factors affecting the adoption of blockchain technology from the different stakeholder perspectives, however, have not been thoroughly investigated. Following the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and regulatory focus theory (RFT), this study explores the formation mechanisms underlying blockchain adoption from a multi-stakeholder perspective. The model was tested through partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) and the fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) method using data collected from Chinese construction practitioners. PLS-SEM results indicate that institutional pressures, perceived functional benefits, and behavioral control can directly drive blockchain adoption. Although perceived symbolic benefits do not directly affect blockchain adoption, their indirect effects on adoption are fully mediated by adoption intention. The PLS multi-group analysis found multiple path differences among stakeholders. The fsQCA results show that no single factor or its negation is the necessary condition to trigger blockchain adoption. The configuration analysis results show four new configurations that trigger the adoption of blockchain technology by owners, contractors, and consultants. This first multi-stakeholders research in the field of technology adoption contributes to the explanatory context of TPB and provides new insights into the effective blockchain technology adoption via the identified configurations that suit the project stakeholders.
... The process is affected by many internal factors, such as knowledge, attitudes, intention, and stress and external factors such as social support and environment [16][17][18]. Many behavioral and social science theories and models have been used when trying to understand and enhance health behaviors [19][20][21][22]. Most of these theories exclude the influence of the environment on health behavior [23]. ...
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Article
Objective: This study aims to validate previous structural models of factors influencing dietary behavior changes and construct the knowledge, attitude, and behavioral models of youth school football players. Methods: 279 school football players aged 12–17 years in Grades 7–12 in Hunan Province, China, completed a questionnaire to collect data on sports nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. A structural equation model (SEM) was built based on the knowledge-attitude-behavior (KAB) model and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) model to introduce nutritional knowledge directly or by altering attitudes into the dietary behavior path of players. Four factors affecting dietary behaviors were involved in the hypothetical structure, which consists of the following hypotheses: (1) nutrition knowledge affects the attitude towards sports nutrition (H1); (2) nutrition knowledge affects dietary behaviors (H2); (3) nutrition knowledge affects subjective norms (H3); (4) nutrition knowledge affects perceived behavioral control (H4); (5) subjective norms affect dietary behaviors (H5); and 6) perceived behavioral control affects dietary behaviors (H6). Results: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity of the built SEM conformed to the measured relationships in each dimension. In the final structural model, it was found that nutrition knowledge had a direct impact on the attitudes of players and affected their dietary behaviors in a direct manner or through their subjective norms and perceived behavioral control. Conclusions: The results are in agreement with the TPB-based KAB chain and support the KAB theory for youth school football players in Hunan Province, China.
... TPB is a theory in social psychology and one of the best supported theories among social psychological theories. TPB offers an all-inclusive yet parsimonious psychological theory that identifies a creative form for explaining a broad range of human behavior [13]. Behavior can be interpreted widely or narrowly and is a function of the researcher's theoretical or applied objectives [14]. ...
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Article
This study examined green packaging, environmental awareness, and willingness to pay for green products in consumers’ purchase decisions. A cross-sectional survey was employed in collecting data from 218 respondents in Ghana. Purposive sampling was used to select respondents for the study. The data were analyzed using SPSS software for descriptive statistics and partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) to test our hypotheses. The study found that consumers’ environmental awareness had a positive and significant impact on green purchasing decisions. However, the impact of green packaging was not found to be significant on consumers’ purchase decisions in Ghana. The study further revealed that consumers’ willingness to pay for green products positively and significantly predicted consumer purchase decisions. Some recommendations are suggested for theoretical and managerial considerations.
... The theory of planned behavior shapes our understanding on how people's behavior changes overtime. This [21] was propounded by Icek Adjen. The theory was an improvement on [22]. ...
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Article
Child marriage is a bane to sustainable development, as it has been associated with the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases, intimate partner violence, and maternal mortality. This study examines the association between education and child marriage is sub-Saharan Africa. A subsample of one thousand, four hundred and sixty-one females, aged 12 years to 18 years was extracted from the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey dataset. The independent variables were intra-regional groups and education. The dependent variable was child marriage (<18 years). The associations between intra-regional groups and education on child marriage were examined from the ever-given birth subsample to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs, using binary logistic regression models. There was a positive significant relationship between maternal education (χ2 = 65.5, p < 0.05) and intra-regional ethnic groups (χ2 = 106.58, p < 0.05) on child marriage. The odds were higher among the Hausa/Fulani groups that do not have a formal education (OR = 1.34; p < 0.05), have a poor financial status (OR = 1.67; p < 0.05), and those who had previously terminated a pregnancy (OR = 1.24; p < 0.05). The findings indicate that the intra-regional ethnic group affiliation and the lack of a formal education influences the incidence of child marriage, especially among socio-economically disadvantage females. Interventions aimed at curtailing child marriage should utilize community-based education to engage relevant stakeholders within the grassroots.
... For some researchers [38,39,40,41,42], creative rationality refers to the one triggered by problems and is driven by reflective cognition. This cognition is supported by a critical attitude towards oneself to build intentions toward actions beyond the ordinary, uncover hidden things, and convince themselves to determine actions in the new situations encountered. ...
... Davranışsal kontrolün gerçekleşmesi durumu ise bireylerin gerçek davranışı planlayarak hareket etmelerini açıklamaktadır (Ajzen, Driver 1992: 208). Sonuç olarak Şekil 6'da modeli gösterilen planlı davranış teorisini gerekçeli eylem teorisinden ayıran tek önemli değişken olan davranışsal kontrol net olarak tanımlanması gerekirse, insanların (çevresel faktörlerin aksine) yaşamlarındaki olayları ne ölçüde kontrol ettikleri algısı olarak özetlenebilir (Ajzen 1985). ...
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Thesis
Yaklaşık bir asır önce psikiyatri açısından rahatsızlık olarak nitelendirilen alışveriş hastalığı, günümüzde genel popülasyonda gözlemlenebilen kompulsif satın alma davranışı şeklinde tanımlanmaktadır. Konuyla ilgili boylamsal araştırmalar kompulsif satın alma davranışının gün geçtikçe arttığını belirtmektedir. Bu açıdan konuyu farklı bilim dalları farklı perspektiflerden incelemektedir. Psikiyatri perspektifinde obsesif-kompulsif bozukluğa bağlı spektrumun uç noktaları incelenirken, psikolojide ise davranışın başka rahatsızlıklar ile ortaya çıkma durumları incelenmektedir. Öte yandan pazarlama perspektifinden bakıldığında kompulsif satın alma davranışı genel olarak durumsal faktörlere bağlı ve her bireyde gözlemlenebilecek tekrarlı, aşırı ve gereksiz satın alma durumlarını incelemektedir. Kompulsif satın alma davranışını tetiklemesi beklenen stres, obsesyon ve sosyal kaygılar gibi değişkenlere maruz kalan bireylerdeki durumlar pazarlama bilimi açısından incelenmektedir. Çalışma kapsamında belirtilen değişkenlere ek olarak davranışın doğasını açıklayabilmek için çeşitli araştırma modelleri geliştirilmiştir. Geliştirilen modeller kompulsif satın alma davranışına etki eden ve davranışın etkilediği faktörleri incelerken, aynı zamanda davranışın tekrarlı doğasını açıklayabilmek için etki ve tepkinin aynı anda incelendiği döngüsel bir sentez sunmaktadır. Gerçekleştirilen çalışmada kompulsif satın alma davranışına yönelik teorik bilgiler ile geliştirilen modellerin test edilmesi için uygulama bölümü sunulmaktadır. Örneklemin homojenliğinin sağlanması ve değişkenlere maruz kalma ihtimalinin yüksek olması ihtimaliyle İstanbul ilindeki tüketiciler seçilmiştir. Araştırma sorusu kapsamında incelenen değişkenlerden sırasıyla davranış üzerinde en güçlü etkiyi stres, sosyal anksiyete ve obsesyonun oluşturduğu gözlemlenmiştir. Kompulsif satın alma davranışının tekrarlı doğası incelendiğinde en güçlü etkinin satın alma sonrası duygu durumlarına bağlı gerçekleştiği görülmektedir. Kompulsif satın alma davranışının tüketici davranışları perspektifinden incelenmesi, döngülerin nicel olarak test edilmesi ve literatür ile ayrışma noktaları araştırmanın orjinalliğini ortaya koymaktadır.
... Many theories have been developed on the adoption of new technologies from theory of reasonable action (TRA) (Fishbein and Ajzen, 1975), theory of planned behaviour (TPB) (Ajzen, 1985(Ajzen, , 1991, technology acceptance model (TAM) (Davis, 1989), diffusion of innovation theory (DIT) (Rogers, 1995), to recent UTAUT models. These models indicate that the user's cognition influences technology usage. ...
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Indian economy is aiming to achieve $1 trillion of economic value from the digital economy by 2025 with the help of increased infrastructure and digital adoptions. Inspired by TAM and UTAUT2 models, our study aimed at testing the moderating effect of self-efficacy (SE) and social influence (SI) on e-payments adoption among Indian millennials using primary data. It was found that PEU and security are positive and significant, both SE and SI have a moderating effect with security and PEU respectively and multi-group analysis gave more interesting insights on this. The findings are highly useful for managers, app designers and policymakers to increase the e-payments adoption, and thereby it helps India to become a cashless economy.
... Perceived behavioral control reflects the beliefs about the acquisition of required abilities, resources, and opportunities, or the perception of possible internal and external factors that may hinder behavior execution [15,45]. In this research, perceived behavioral control includes the perception of the internal and external constraints of individual teachers when implementing STEM education. ...
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Teachers are the key factors in ensuring the effectiveness of STEM education, and their intentions deeply influence their teaching practices. The existing research about the influencing factors of teachers’ intentions to implement STEM education has some problems, such as small sample sizes, being limited to teachers of a single subject, and the need for optimization of the theoretical model relied on. This research, based on the decomposed theory of planned behavior combined with the readiness of teachers, formed an assumption model of the factors influencing teachers’ STEM education intentions from the aspects of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. Questionnaires were sent to 532 K12 general teachers in China. A structural equation model (SEM) was used to analyze recycled data and verify the assumption model. The results show the following: (1) The educational readiness of K12 teachers in China was at an upper–middle level. Among them, the level of emotional readiness was the highest, while the level of behavioral readiness was the lowest. (2) The STEM behavioral intention of teachers was at an upper–middle level, and attitudes and perceived behavioral control had direct significant impacts on teachers’ intentions to engage in STEM education. Perceived usefulness, self-efficacy, and behavioral readiness were the three strongest indirect impact factors. (3) The emotional readiness of the teachers directly affected their intentions to implement STEM education. Behavioral readiness and cognitive readiness indirectly had an impact on teachers’ intentions to implement STEM education by influencing self-efficacy.
... One important line of research has employed intention-based models which use behavioural intention to predict usage and, in turn, concentrate on the identification of the antecedents of intention, such as attitudes, social influences, and facilitating conditions. Three of the most well-known models within this stream are the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) (Fishbein and Ajzen, 1975), the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) (Ajzen, 1985), and the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) (Davis, 1989). When comparing these three models, the first aspect to look at is the degree of generality. ...
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Conference Paper
Despite the rapid proliferation of Internet-enabled mobile technology, empirical research has been undertaken only in a limited number of research areas. Other important topics, such as changing from e-payment to m-payment, have been almost absent. Thus, this study empirically investigated how switching barriers created from e-payment make customers reluctant to accept m-payment in Vietnam. The concepts of switching barriers were added to the Technology Acceptance Model due to its robust and consistent explanatory power within the context. The measurement model showed an acceptable explanatory power as 66.4% of the variance in behavioural intention was explained. However, the insignificant relationship between "perceived ease of use" and "attitude toward m-payment" raised questions regarding its role in the TAM. In terms of switching barriers, while "continuity cost" was found to be negatively related to intention, "attractiveness of e-payment", "sunk cost", and "move-in cost" were found to have no significant influence on intention.
... The theory of planned behavior TPB, as proposed by Ajzen (1985Ajzen ( , 1991, is an extension of the theory of reasoned action, which explains a person's reasons for choosing indicating a certain behavior mainly in terms of costs and benefits (Montano and Kasprzyk, 2015;Conner, 2020). This theory suggests that behavioral intentions are determined by three main factors: attitudes (ATT), perceived behavioral control (PBC), and subjective norms (SN). ...
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Ecological breeding (eco-breeding) is a systematic ecological farming method for the benefit of the environment and human health, but farmers have adopted this method only to a lesser extent. The main objective of this study was to examine the factors that influence farmers' intentions to use eco-breeding methods. The study model was a combined application of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and the normative activation model (NAM) to investigate the intentions of 527 Chinese farmers to engage in eco-breeding practices. Structural equation modeling analysis revealed that although the farmers' intention to adopt eco-breeding practices was influenced by both self-interested and altruistic motives, self-interested motives had a greater impact on the farmers' choices. Furthermore, favorable attitudes had the greatest effect on the farmers' intentions to implement eco-breeding, while past habits had no statistically significant effect on the intentions. Nonetheless, past habits significantly influenced attitudes and perceived behavior control in the combined model. In addition, the findings indicated that awareness of consequences had a significant effect on personal norms and the attribution of responsibility. Overall, the findings demonstrate the good efficiency as well as comprehensiveness of the integrated TPB-NAM in explaining the farmers' intentions to engage in eco-breeding practices. This study increases our understanding of the factors influencing the farmers' adoption of eco-breeding practices and helps to promote the adoption of eco-breeding in rural areas while providing a basis for the development of eco-breeding policy interventions.
... objectives linked to this performance objective are "parents list the reasons for creating a relaxing bedtime routine" (knowledge) and "parents express positive feelings toward a relaxing bedtime routine" (attitude). Supplementary Table S1 presents an explanation for the selection of personal determinants of parents, which was based on our previous studies (20-23), other relevant literature (25-33), and theoretical models for health behavior (34)(35)(36)(37). To select the personal determinants of children, the research team used the list of parental personal determinants and checked these on their relevance for children. ...
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Background To design a comprehensive approach to promote children's sleep health in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, we combined Intervention Mapping (IM) with the Health in All Policies (HiAP) perspective. We aimed to create an approach that fits local infrastructures and policy domains across sectors. Methods First, a needs assessment was conducted, including a systematic review, two concept mapping studies, and one cross-sectional sleep diary study (IM step 1). Subsequently, semi-structured interviews with stakeholders from policy, practice and science provided information on potential assets from all relevant social policy sectors to take into account in the program design (HiAP and IM step 1). Next, program outcomes and objectives were specified (IM step 2), with specific objectives for policy stakeholders (HiAP). This was followed by the program design (IM step 3), where potential program actions were adapted to local policy sectors and stakeholders (HiAP). Lastly, program production (IM step 4) focused on creating a multi-sector program (HiAP). An advisory panel guided the research team by providing tailored advice during all steps throughout the project. Results A blueprint was created for program development to promote children's sleep health, including a logic model of the problem, a logic model of change, an overview of the existing organizational structure of local policy and practice assets, and an overview of policy sectors, and related objectives and opportunities for promoting children's sleep health across these policy sectors. Furthermore, the program production resulted in a policy brief for the local government. Conclusions Combining IM and HiAP proved valuable for designing a blueprint for the development of an integrated multi-sector program to promote children's sleep health. Health promotion professionals focusing on other (health) behaviors can use the blueprint to develop health promotion programs that fit the local public service infrastructures, culture, and incorporate relevant policy sectors outside the public health domain.
... Social institutions are based on the same principles of exchange, and the behavior of two individuals and their relations are that these institutions form a complex network of relationships that are related to the activities and indirect relations of exchange. Therefore, the real flow of behavior in the context of social relations makes sense, and the concept of behavioral intention within the context of the theory of planned behavior can be used as an assessor of the actors of this network from these exchanges (Ajzen, 1985). Our findings suggest that obtaining an accurate assessment of the performance of responsible organizations can significantly contribute to the seriousness of individuals acting in the network. ...
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Invasive species possess wide-ranging social and ecological impacts globally. Although the ecological impacts are well studied, social aspects especially in developing countries are often poorly understood. Free-ranging dogs (FRDs) (Canis familiaris) are the most abundant carnivore on earth with a high level of invasion. Recently, the presence of FRDs in the Jiroft city in southern Iran has increased, and local managers have not yet developed a coherent management plan. Given the high rate of human bites by FRDs in this region, a principled management plan with integrated collaboration between the relevant organizations is necessary. To better understand collaboration networks, we interviewed employees of three relevant governmental organizations about their collaboration with other organizations toward FRD management. Our objective in this study was to (1) assess the collaboration between the municipality, provincial offices of veterinary medicine, and health network and (2) predict the behavioral tendencies of network actors based on their current position in the FRD management network. Although most employees have never worked together to manage FRDs, our results showed that most of the interviewees did not evaluate the role of other organizations in FRD management as beneficial. Moreover, the current assessment of the employees of the two municipal and health organizations affects their current collaboration in the management of FRDs. Also, the current collaboration has a significant impact on their intention to collaborate in the future. We make suggestions for improving collaboration in managing FRDs in this region.
... In recent decades, one of the most frequently analysed behavioural consequences is the intention to be physically active. Intent is conceptualised as the immediate precursor to behaviour [21,22] and is related to an increase in the amount of exercise taken by students [23]. In fact, this variable has been considered one of the most relevant predictors of physically active behaviour [24]. ...
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The aim was to review the effects of interventions based on self-determination theory and achievement goals theory on intention to be physically active in the future in physical education students, as well as to conduct a meta-analysis to determine the overall effect size of these interventions. PRISMA guidelines were followed to conduct this systematic review and meta-analysis. Three scientific electronic databases were used: Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, and SportDiscus. A total of eleven studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. Effect size for intention to be physically active of each study was calculated using the means and standard deviations before and after the intervention. The overall effect size for intention was moderate (standardized mean difference = 0.47 with 95% CI from 0.28 to 0.67), while the heterogeneity was large. Seven of the eleven studies reported significant within-group improvements in intention after the intervention. Eight studies showed significant between-group differences in favor of the experimental group. The findings showed that teaching strategies, family involvement, and the use of videos related to physical activity participation may be relevant factors that must be considered by educators and researchers to conduct future effective interventions. Interventions based on self-determination theory and achievement goals theory could be useful in the process of the promotion of physical activity. However, given the large heterogeneity, these findings must be taken with caution.
... PEB and SRC are voluntary behaviours that can be informed by factors recognized by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) as determinants of human actions. The TPB was proposed by Ajzen (1985) to explain the motivators of behaviour. It explains that behavioural control and subjective norms are two important factors that determine whether an individual can or will perform a behaviour such as PEB or SRC. ...
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Background – several studies have confirmed the potential influence of walkability on social activity, but whether this relationship can be modified by pro-environment behaviours has not been evaluated. This study aimed to assess the association between perceived (self-reported) walkability and social activity and to ascertain whether this potential relationship is moderated by pro-environment behaviour (PEB) and socially responsible consumption (SRC). Methods – This study adopted a cross-sectional design with a sensitivity analysis and techniques against common methods bias. The study population was residents in Ablekuma North Municipality, Ghana. Participants were 792 residents who met some inclusion criteria. The G*Power 3.1.9.4 software was employed to determine a minimum sample for the study. Hierarchical linear regression (HLR) analysis was used to present the findings. Results – The study found a positive association between neighborhood walkability and social activity, which suggests that residents who lived in more walkable neigbourhoods reported higher social activity. SRC and PEB positively moderated the foregoing relationship between neighborhood walkability and social activity. Conclusions – Residents who lived in more walkable neighbourhoods reported higher social activity, and the positive relationship between walkability and social activity is strengthened by SRC and PEB. It can be concluded that walkability better supports social activity among residents with higher pro-environment behaviours.
... Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) is the behavior that generates purchase intention through a consumer's belief or speculation (Fishbein and Ajzen, 1977). As for the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), this concept was used to exhibit the existence of a close relationship between intention and behavior, representing the probability that consumers will purchase a particular product (Ajzen, 1985). In short, purchase intention is an individual's conscious plan to choose a brand (Spears and Singh, 2004). ...
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Wine tourism is an increasingly prevalent form of tourism, but is still an emerging market in China. Wine tourism is highly experiential, yet only a few research works have focused on the antecedents and consequences of co-creation experience in the context of wine tourism. In this study, Chateau Changyu Rena Shaanxi, China, was selected as the site of research to explore the impacts of wine tourism experience on co-creation experience, perceived value, and consumer behavior. The Structure Equation Modeling (SEM) method has been used to analyze a sample of 536 respondents who have participated in wine tourism. The results show that most Chinese tourists participated in wine tourism for the first time and spent around 800 Renminbi for wine in average at the winery. In addition, this study is the first to confirm that autonomous of co-creation experience, entertainment, education, escapism, and novelty experience have positive effects on co-creation experience. Education experience, esthetic experience, escapism experience, and hedonism experience are positively correlated with perceived value. Co-creation experience and perceived value are positively correlated with word-of-mouth intention, revisit intention and purchase intention. The results of this study also provide implications for winery operators, guiding them to improve their business strategies, enrich wine tourism experience, encourage tourists to participate in co-creation activities, reward visitors for positive word-of-mouth promotion and offer cost-effective products.
... The theory was extended by Ajzen (1985) and since then is known as Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) which has been widely used in social science, especially in migration studies. According to TBT, intentions are accepted as a predictor of actual behaviour in the future as they reflect perceptions and beliefs that include personal and societal characteristics (Ajzen and Fishbein,1980;Ajzen et al., 1985). ...
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This thesis investigates the determinants of migration intention in South Caucasus countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. Analyzing migration intention may allow predicting actual migration flows in future. Therefore, intention for future migration may influence current behaviour, such as less interest in investing in local livelihoods, skills, or relationships. These factors have significant value for policymakers. I used household-level survey data – Caucasus Barometer 2010 provided by Caucasus Research Resource Center. A binary logistic regression model has been applied. Estimation results indicate that migration aspirations are significantly impacted by individual demographics, socio-economic background, and political environment. In general, males express a higher intention to migrate than females. In addition, the results indicate that social networks play a facilitator role in migration aspiration. People who have confidence in public institutions have less likelihood of migration aspiration. Life satisfaction has a positive and statistically significant impact on permanent migration aspiration for Azerbaijan only, whereas life satisfaction is an irrelevant factor for the rest of the cases. The relative economic condition has a negative and statistically significant impact on the intention for permanent migration in Azerbaijan and Georgia. It means that people who believe they live in poor economic conditions are less likely to migrate permanently
... The proposed integrative theoretical framework is expected to improve our understanding of behaviour. TPB proposes that behaviour is formed after a series of phases "belief-attitude-intention" (Ajzen, 1985). TPB is one of the most frequently used theories to investigate the intentions of customers to use technology in the field of hospitality (Law et al., 2018). ...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to suggest a reward-based crowdfunding approach and test customers’ financial contribution behaviour (FCB) as a fundraising strategy for hospitality enterprises. Design/methodology/approach To investigate this initiative, a conceptual model motivated by the theory of planned behaviour, integrating economic, emotional, social and altruistic values, perceived risk and electronic word of mouth has been considered. Partial least square structural equation modelling is applied to test the model. Data was collected from 263 respondents across three regions – Europe, Asia and Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Findings Findings revealed that attitude, self-efficacy and subjective norm of the customers positively influence their financial contribution intention. Further, Asian customers demonstrate significantly higher FCB in comparison to MENA. Research limitations/implications This study will be helpful for the hospitality players to raise the funds during the crisis and survive to pay the reward back to the customers. This study will be helpful to the crowdfunding platforms to understand the factors which influence the contribution behaviour. Practical implications The results of this study can encourage hoteliers and other hospitality players looking to approach their funding needs through crowdfunding by providing them a guide to maximise their possibility and level of success. Originality/value Hospitality businesses demand new approaches and strategies to keep operating during COVID-19 and post-COVID-19 time. This research is original to provide insights into customer contribution intentions during COVID-19.
... Several behavioural concepts such as attitude, intention and actual behaviour can be linked to knowledge-sharing among individuals. These concepts originate from Fishbein and Ajzen's (1975) theory of reasoned action and Ajzen's (1985) theory of planned behaviour. These theories imply that an individual's actual knowledge-sharing behaviour is based on their intention to share knowledge, whereas their intention to share knowledge is a function of their attitude towards sharing knowledge. ...
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Background: Although knowledge sharing among members of knowledge-intensive teams can enhance an organisation’s competitive advantage, individuals are often reluctant to share their knowledge. Inadequate cultural intelligence could explain this reluctance in knowledge sharing. Empirical research on cultural intelligence and knowledge sharing in a culturally diverse team context is scant, and existing research is rather outdated. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of cultural intelligence on the intra-team knowledge-sharing behaviour of individual members of knowledge-intensive teams in South African organisations.Objective: This study aimed to address the gap in the knowledge-sharing literature concerning the relationship between cultural intelligence and intra-team knowledge-sharing behaviour, especially in a culturally diverse context such as South Africa. Understanding and successfully managing cultural intelligence in diverse knowledge-intensive teams can increase intra-team knowledge-sharing behaviour and, subsequently, an organisation’s overall competitive advantage.Method: Positivism, which is associated with quantitative research, and a deductive approach were adopted to empirically test the relationship between intra-team knowledge-sharing behaviour and cultural intelligence. The data were collected through an online survey from 384 respondents who participated in knowledge-intensive teams in South African organisations. Structural equation modelling was conducted to assess the relationship between the variables.Results: The results of the study revealed that cultural intelligence is significantly and positively related to intra-team knowledge-sharing behaviour.Conclusion: Team leaders can enhance cultural intelligence and, subsequently, intra-team knowledge-sharing behaviour and an organisation’s competitive advantage through practical recommendations proposed by this study.
... Theoretical assumptions and models previously used to explain online privacy-related decision making Different literature reviews (see Barth and de Jong, 2017;Kokolakis, 2017;Gerber et al., 2018) have been published outlining that many investigations on information disclosures in different online contexts including social networks focus on the idea of rather rational or reflective calculations, which is grounded in different theories (often addressing offline contexts) such as the Expectancy Theory (Vroom, 1964), the Protection Motivation Theory (Rogers, 1975), the Theory of Reasoned Action (Ajzen and Fishbein, 1980), the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1985), or the Privacy Calculus Theory (Culnan and Armstrong, 1999). For instance, according to the latter, individuals are expected to perform a kind of risk-benefit calculation on a rational level as a basis for their behaviors. ...
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Self-disclosures on online social networks have received increased attention in the last two decades. Researchers from different disciplines investigated manifold influencing variables, and studies applied different theories to explain why many users share very sensitive and personal information despite potential risks and negative consequences, whereas others do not. Oftentimes, it is argued that self-disclosure decisions result from a kind of rational “calculus” of risks and benefits. However, such an assumption of rationality can and has been criticized. Nevertheless, fundamental cognitive and affective mechanisms that underlie self-disclosure decision making on social networks are still under-explored. By building upon previous self-disclosure theories and models, dual-and tripartite-system perspectives of decision making, and former empirical findings, we propose a Tripartite Self-Disclosure Decision (TSDD) model that conceptualizes inner processes of online self-disclosure decision making. Central to this model is the proposed interaction of three neural and cognitive/affective systems: a reflective, an impulsive, and an interoceptive system. We further highlight individual and environmental features, which can impact individuals’ online self-disclosure decisions by (interactively) influencing the proposed inner decision-making processes targeting the aforementioned three systems. Possible short- and long-term consequences are also discussed, which in turn can affect certain model components in subsequent self-disclosure decision situations. By taking such a neurocognitive perspective, we expand current research and models, which helps to better understand potentially risky information sharing on online social networks and can support attempts to prevent users from incautious self-disclosures.
... In the study of individual behavioral decision-making, factors such as individual psychology and social relationships should be considered [48]. The theory of planned behavior [49] is derived from the theory of reasoned behavior (TRA) [50], which is widely used to predict or explain behavioral intentions or actual behaviors [51,52]. The theory of planned behavior suggests that an individual's intention to adopt behavior is influenced by three main factors: attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. ...
Public participation in community-organized disaster mitigation activities is important for improving disaster mitigation capacity. With data from 260 questionnaires, this study compared the current status of public participation in model disaster mitigation communities and nonmodel communities in a geological-disaster-prone area. Three community-organized disaster mitigation education activities were compared cross-sectionally. A binary logistic regression was used to analyze the effects of attitude, perceived behavioral control, disaster experience, and other key factors on the public's choice to participate in community disaster mitigation activities. The analysis results indicated that model communities had higher public participation in two efforts, evacuation drills and self-help skills training, and lower participation in activities that invited them to express their feedback than nonmodel communities. The influence of attitudinal factors on the decision to participate in disaster mitigation activities had a high similarity across community types. The public participation in model disaster mitigation communities is influenced by factors such as subjective norms and participation cognition; the behavior of people in nonmodel communities is influenced by factors such as previous experience with disasters, perceived behavioral control, risk perception, and participation cognition and has a greater potential for disaster mitigation community construction. This study provides practical evidence and theoretical support for strengthening the sustainable development of disaster mitigation community building.
... In this case, the perceived relative advantage of the innovation is subject to risk if potential adopters do not trust that the government unit will keep the contracted level of FITs. theories, namely, the DIT, the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985), and the valuebelief-norm theory (Stern 2000). The researchers introduce the compatibility construct defined as homeowners' riskiness regarding possible household damages resulting from SPV installation. ...
... News consumption is information consumption, and information affects individuals' attitudes (Chen and Tao, 2018). The theory of planned behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1985) indicates that the performance of attitude can predict one's likely behavior. When an individual's attitude toward a behavior is more positive, the behavioral intention will be higher; conversely, if the attitude is more negative, the behavioral intention will be lower accordingly. ...
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The COVID-19 pandemic is far from over as outbreaks continue to spread around the world. The demand for packaging bags and cartons has also risen sharply in e-commerce shopping and takeaways because consumers have changed their shopping habits during the pandemic. The primary purpose of this study was to explore the factors prompting consumers to accept and use circular packaging when they shop online. From January to February 2022, a total of 373 online questionnaires were completed. The results showed that news consumption positively affected environmental attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and circular packaging behavior intentions. Environmental attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control also affected the intention of circular packaging. Furthermore, news consumption influenced circular packaging behavioral intentions through environmental attitudes and green habits. Developing green habits in people’s daily lives will be of great help in guiding consumers to engage in other sustainable behaviors that are beneficial to life.
... However, due to its lack of consideration of human intention, this theory has been highly controversial [26]. The TPB model was formally proposed by Ajzen [27], and a key variable (perceptual behavior control) was added to the TRA model [28]. According to the theory, three important determinants-cognitive attitude, perceived behavioral control and subjective norm-perform the analysis function of behavioral intention. ...
Article
With the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), the generation of a large amount of medical waste brought a rude shock to the existing solid waste management system. Since masks constitute the most common household medical waste under the COVID-19 pandemic, their effective collection and treatment can significantly reduce the potential risks for secondary transmission, and this concern has attracted worldwide attention. Taking Macau City as a case study, this research tried to identify factors that can influence residents' behavioral intentions toward the source separation of COVID-19 waste masks. The extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) model is used to examine the influence factors of the source separation behaviors of 510 respondents. The results show that the main factors that positively affected respondents' behavioral intentions toward waste-mask source separation are: cognitive attitude, convenience, and perceived behavioral control, and among these, cognitive attitude has the highest influence. Subjective norm is also proved to be the weak factor to improving behavioral intention. Policy advocacy, and demographic variables have no significant effect on behavioral intention. The results of this study can help decision makers and managers formulate effective strategies to increase residents' participation in the source separation of waste masks. Supplementary information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10163-022-01513-7.
... Attitude refers to favourable or unfavourable opinions about a certain behaviour (Ajzen, 1985). According to previous studies (Fishbein, 1963), attitude echoes positive or negative feelings towards a particular behaviour, implying that users' attitude develops over time as they gain more experience. ...
Article
The improvement of near field communication (NFC) technology has increased the number of its applications, although it is still incipient in the field of mobile payments. So far, studies that have analysed the adoption of NFC mobile payment systems have used classic models. To improve this proposal, this study incorporated a set of drivers proposed in research related to mobile payments: perceived compatibility, individual mobility, subjective norms, personal innovation and perceived security. The resulting model was analysed after implementing an online questionnaire with 499 users in Europe. The results confirm all the hypotheses raised with the exception of one related to ease of use. Finally, we highlight the main implications for management and cite some strategies to reinforce this new business in the context of new technical developments.
... The findings reveal that (when looking the total effect) warm-glow plays a prominent role in user decisions, with the perception of EWG having the second greatest effect. Intrinsic warm-glow is described as "some people social approval may be a reason for charity donations whereas for others it is an intrinsic warm glow feeling" [5]. Both appear in the following passage "intrinsic warm glows are personal feelings of being a good person, like the ones expressed in the dictator game. ...
Preprint
In this work we investigate the effect that warm-glow has on user's perception of the usability of a technology as well as their intention to adopt within the context of the second version of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTUAT2). The UTAUT2 model was extended for this purpose, incorporating two existing constructs designed to capture the two aspects of warm-low (extrinsic and intrinsic), forming the UTAUT2 + WG model. An experimental approach was then taken to evaluate this proposed model, where participants were exposed to a vignette describing a hypothetical technology which was designed to evoke a feeling of warm-glow. The collected data was analyzed using the partial least squares approach in order to evaluate our ex-tended model/ The results revealed that warm-glow does indeed influence user behavior and plays a prominent role. Warm-glow was found to influence user perception of the usability of a technology, where effectiveness is reflected through the factor of performance expectancy (PE), efficiency through the factor of effort expectancy (EE), and satisfaction through hedonic motivation (HM). Furthermore, warm-glow was found to influence user behavioral intention to adopt technology. The paper concludes by discussing the implications of these findings.
... However, to achieve this goal, it is necessary to identify the factors that make people want to start a business. The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model (Ajzen, 1985), which explains entrepreneurial intention using three variables, was developed to answer this question. This model uses psychological factors as explanatory variables and has been used intensively in previous research with university students as the research subject. ...
Article
Although entrepreneurial activity is an engine for stimulating innovation and economic growth, its growth rate in Japan has been declining since 1980 and is at an internationally low level. While policies to increase the growth rate must be strengthened, as the first step, increasing the number of entrepreneurs will require increasing the number of people interested in starting a business. Thus, it is necessary to identify the factors that promote entrepreneurial intention to increase the number of entrepreneurs. The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) is well-known for identifying factors that determine entrepreneurial intention regarding human psychology and attitude. However, it is also considered that there are other factors (experience and knowledge) from the aspect of work and practice. We focus on employees in their 20s and 30s working in small and medium-sized companies that have produced many entrepreneurs, and measure the degree of knowledge influence about entrepreneurship and practical experiences such as new product planning, job change, side job, and sales on entrepreneurial intention. Multiple regression analysis using a questionnaire (self-administered), which is based on hypotheses drawn from previous research, reveals that, among the six factors, entrepreneurial education and experience in new product planning, experience in selling products, and side job experience were the most important factors in influencing entrepreneurial intentions.
... The individual behavioral intention is jointly influenced by attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control, and there may be a related influence among these three factors. The individual's behavior is jointly determined by behavioral intention and perceived behavioral control (Ajzen, 1985;Zhong et al., 2013;Huang et al., 2014;Zhao et al., 2016). ...
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An investigation of the changing production function of rural housing land can help to guide appropriate land use adjustment and rural land planning. Taking into account the layout characteristics from 2005 to 2018, we employed the structural equation model and the theory of planned behavior to analyze the differentiation mechanism of rural housing land production function based on survey data of 613 typical farmers in Pinggu District of Beijing. Our results show that, first, the production function intensity of rural housing land in Pinggu District fell from 0.327 to 0.126, and the coefficient of variation increased from 0.15 to 0.54. This indicates that the overall production function decreased but the spatial heterogeneity increased. Second, the production function of rural housing land gradually withdrew and socialized in villages, following the socialization evolution process of agricultural production function, industrial and commercial service function, and public service function. Third, the internal land use pattern of rural housing land is significantly influenced by the subjective norms and perceptual behavior control of farmers. The demonstrative norms of family and the prescriptive norms of village collective have significant effects on subjective norms, and the perceived behavioral control is significantly affected by income scale and structure, family size, and employment type. Finally, to further promote rural housing land management, it is necessary to optimize its prescriptive norms of the village collective, improve the farmers’ income level and employment structure, and weaken the farmers’ perceived difficulties. According to the different function socialization stages of rural housing land, rural land planning should coordinate the relationship between the production function socialization of rural housing land and the commercialization of rural space, and boost the revitalization of rural industry.
... Gerekçeli Eylem Teoreminde belirli bir davranışa yönelik bireyin tutumunu ve bireyin belli bir davranışı gerçekleştirip gerçekleştirmemesi gerektiği yönündeki algısını, gerçekleştirme niyeti üzerindeki iki ana faktör olarak ifade etmektedir (Ajzen ve Fishbein, 1980). 1988'de Ajzen, Gerekçeli Eylem Teorisine "'bireyin bir davranışı gerçekleştirmenin kolaylığı ya da zorluğuna dair inancı" olarak addettiği "algılanan davranışsal kontrol" değişkenini dâhil ederek Planlı Davranış Teoremini geliştirmiştir (Ajzen, 1988). Schwartz tarafından geliştirilen Norm Aktivasyon Modeli, kişisel normlar, sonuçların farkındalığı ve sorumluluk yüklemesi gibi üç temel değişken üzerine tesis edilen ahlaki bir normun çevresel eylemlere aktarımını öneren bir mekanizma önermektedir (Schwartz, 1977). ...
Article
Sürdürülemez tüketim kalıplarından artan bilincin doğrudan davranışa yansıdığı sürdürülebilir tüketim şekillerine giden süreçte değer, tutum, davranış arasındaki ilişkilerin derinleştirilmesi daha da kritik bir hal almaktadır. Bu araştırmanın amacı, tüketicilerin özgeci değer düzeylerinin, sürdürülebilir tüketici tutumuna ve sürdürülebilir tüketici davranışına etkisini incelemektir. Bu bağlamda kolayda yöntemi ile örnekleme yöntemi ile çevrimiçi anket aracılığı ile 520 katılımcıdan veri toplanılmıştır. Araştırmada kapsamında toplanan bu veriler, istatistiksel programlar aracılığıyla öncelikle normallik testine daha sonra da korelasyon, faktör ve regresyon analizine tabi tutulmuştur. Analiz bulgularına göre özgeci değer ile sürdürülebilir tüketici tutumu arasında yüksek düzeyde ve pozitif yönlü bir ilişki olduğu ve özgeci değer ile sürdürülebilir tüketici davranışı arasında orta düzeyde ve pozitif yönlü bir ilişkili olduğu bulgusuna ulaşılmıştır. Bunun yanında özgeci değer sürdürülebilir tüketici tutumunu ve sürdürülebilir tüketici davranışını pozitif olarak etkilediği ve bunun yanında özgeci değerin sürdürülebilir tüketici tutumunu ve sürdürülebilir tüketici davranışını arttırdığı sonucu da elde edilmiştir. Ayrıca analiz bulguları ışığında, tüketicilerin özgecil değer ile tutum arasındaki ilişki düzeyi yüksekken, özgecil değer ile sürdürülebilir davranış arasındaki ilişki düzeyinin orta düzeyde olduğu gözlemlenmiştir. Sonuçlarımız alan yazında addedilen “yeşil boşluğun” kapatılması adına değer, tutum, davranış şeklindeki üçlü yapı ve bağıntıları temelinde sürdürülebilir tüketici davranışları anlamak, engelleri öngörmek ve yorumlamak için kritik bir anlayış sunmaktadır.
... When looking into the theories about users' behavior regarding technology use, there are many different theories or models in the previous literature: Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) [37], Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) [12], TAM 2 [38], TAM 3 [39], Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) [40], UTAUT2 [41], etc. Given the fact that TAM 3 and UTAUT 2 are mainly developed for commerce contexts and the criticism about UTAUT being less parsimonious compared to TAM [42], TAM, the foundation theory of TAM and UTAUT families, is adopted as the theory for this study. ...
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Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) has emerged as an important domain since mobile devices are widely used by the current generation of learners. This study emphasizes that the successful implementation of MALL for language education relies heavily on its acceptance by teachers. This study intends to investigate the acceptance of using MALL for teaching English among college EFL teachers in China. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), a frequently used model in technology acceptance studies for m-learning settings, was adopted in this study. A questionnaire survey was administered to collect data on teachers’ demographic information and acceptance of MALL. The respondents were 30 in-service college-level EFL teachers from universities in Yunnan, China, and the data are analyzed using SPSS. Respondents’ MALL acceptance level, their demographic variables associated with intentions to use MALL, and the relationship of Perceived Usefulness (PU), Perceived Ease of Use (PEU) with Behavioral Intention (BI) were investigated. The results suggested that Chinese EFL teachers have a rather high level of MALL acceptance. Their BI to use MALL differs according to the teaching experience. Both PU and PEU significantly influenced BI which further predicted the Actual Use (AU) of MALL. The findings of the study provide insights into the usefulness of TAM in predicting the acceptance of MALL among college EFL instructors and may assist in explaining the factors influencing their intentions to utilize mobile technology for language teaching.
... According to Ajzen (1985), the intention to use is a factor in determining actions to prevent unforeseen events that people are doing. As such, intent changes over time and context, and it is easier for intent to change. ...
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Conference Paper
Abstract The objective of the study was to determine which factors affect the intention to use Omega 3-6-9 dietary supplements in Ho Chi Minh City. According to many related empirical studies, the author has proposed a research model including five independent variables and one dependent variable. A 5-point Likert scale is used to measure the variable’s items. Data was collected in Ho Chi Minh City from January 2021 to May 2021. After conducting the survey, 207 valid answers were obtained. The results show that the influence of factors on the intention to use Omega 3-6-9 dietary supplements are price perception, product safety, attitudes toward Omega 3-6-9 supplements, and behavioural control. Based on the findings, the authors have proposed some management implications to help businesses and distributors have more policies to improve consumers' intention to use products in Ho Chi Minh City. Keywords: Intention to use, influencing factors, Omega 3-6-9, Functional foods, Ho Chi Minh City.
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Günümüz bütünleşik kanallı perakende ortamında tüketicilerin satın alma yolu bir dizi kanal kombinasyonu içermektedir. Tüketiciler ürünleri çevrimiçi kanalda araştırıp, fiziksel mağazada satın alarak webrooming ve fiziksel mağazada araştırıp, çevrimiçi kanalda satın alarak showrooming davranışı göstermektedir. Bu iki alışveriş biçimi bütünleşik kanallı tüketiciler arasında yaygın olmakla birlikte anlaşılması perakendeciler için oldukça önemlidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı showrooming ve webroominge yönelik tutum ve niyetlerin öncüllerinin etkisinin olup olmadığınıtespit etmek, showrooming ve webroominge yönelik niyetin bütünleşik kanal tatmini üzerinde bir etkiye sahip olup olmadığını giyim sektöründe yapılacak bir araştırmayla ölçümlemektir. Çalışmada anket yöntemiyle veri toplanmıştır. Araştırma hipotezlerinin test edilmesinde PLS-SEM’den yararlanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda fiyat avantajı ve tasarruf, satış personeli yardımı ve sosyalleşmenin showroominge yönelik tutumu; sosyalleşme, düşük çevrimiçi arama maliyeti ve çevrimiçi incelemelere erişmenin webroominge yönelik tutumu olumlu yönde etkilediği bulunmuştur. Ayrıca çalışmada showroominge ve webroominge yönelik tutumların showroominge ve webroominge yönelik niyetleri ve webroominge yönelik niyetin bütünleşik kanal tatminini olumlu yönde etkilediği tespit edilmiştir. In today's omni-channel retail environment, the way consumers buy involves a number of channel combinations. Consumers show webrooming behaviour by searching products in the online channel and purchasing them in the physical store, and showrooming by searching in the physical store and purchasing in the online channel. These two forms of shopping are common among consumers with omni-channel and understanding them is very important for retailers. The aim of this study is to determine whether the antecedents of attitudes and intentions towards showrooming and webrooming have an effect, and to measure whether the intention towards showrooming and webrooming has an effect on omni-channel satisfaction with a research to be conducted in the apparel industry. In the study, data were collected by survey method. PLS-SEM was used to test the research hypotheses. As a result of the research, price advantage and savings, sales personnel assistance and the attitude of socialization towards showrooming; socialization, low online search costs, and accessing online reviews have been found to positively affect attitude towards webrooming. In addition, it has been determined in the study that attitudes towards showrooming and webrooming affect intentions towards showrooming and webrooming, and intention towards webrooming positively affects omni-channel satisfaction.
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Technical Report
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Chapter
This chapter conducts an analysis of psychological mechanisms explaining why individuals and societies often are resistant to change and how these mechanisms might respond when confronted with disruptive communication. We will explore concepts like habits and routines, stabilizing social norms and values, lock-in situations, mechanisms behind status quo biases, and social identity. Then, we apply the concept of disruptive communication developed in Chap. 1 through each concept where potential levers for breaking up locked-in lifestyles can be found. We conclude with a discussion, under which circumstances disruptive communication might have negative effects on sustainable change making and refer these back to some of the identified mechanisms and concepts.
Article
Many countries have clearly proposed a timetable for banning gasoline vehicles to achieve sustainable development of transportation industry. China, the largest emerging economy, is used as an example to explore the public's behavior intention to the policy of banning gasoline vehicles. According to the reference to the relevant literatures, this paper designs a questionnaire with TPB and ABC as a theoretical framework, which mainly includes four kind of primary variables: psychological factors, environmental concerns and experiences, social factors and product factors. Principal component analysis, Bayes regularization BP neural network, sensitivity analysis and multilayer linear regression are used to analyze data from 476 valid questionnaires, the results show that psychological factors and social norms have the greatest impact on residents' policy support intentions, what's more, strengthening promotion of the policy and improving subsidies of new energy vehicles could also improve policy acceptance. However, the price of related products such as public transportation and automobile fuel has very little impact on residents' voluntary rejection of fuel vehicles. The results provide a theoretical reference for other countries to promote the policy of banning gasoline vehicles.
Article
Background : Vietnam's total fertility rate has been relatively stable around the replacement level since 2005. Meanwhile, fertility in the Southeast of Vietnam has always been far below the replacement level. As reproductive desires and intentions are important determinants of fertility, the article estimates family size desires and intentions in the Southeast and analyse related sociodemographic factors, contributing insights to the low fertility in this region. Methods : Based on data from a survey of people aged 18-45 in the Southeast in 2020, bivariate analysis and multinomial logistic regressions were applied to examine family size desires and intentions in this region. Results : Most respondents want two (57.3%) or more (33.1%) children, and only 8.4% of them want to have fewer than two children. There are wide gaps within reproductive desires and intentions and the actual fertility. The mean intended family size is nearly 2.1, lower than the mean desired family size but much higher than the total fertility rate in 2020. Young people and unmarried females are more likely to have desires and intentions of fewer than two children. The most frequent reason for no intention of attaining desired family sizes is the fear of not having enough financial resources to raise their children as their expectations. Discussion and Conclusion : The low fertility in the Southeast of Vietnam is not due to a substantial decline in the value of children, but mainly because socioeconomic conditions are not favourable for having two or more children. In the current context in the Southeast, when most people of reproductive age still want and intend to have at least two children, support policies to reduce difficulties and obstacles to having would be much more effective in increasing the fertility rate than later when the desire of fewer than two children become more popular.
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Thesis
In this thesis I focus on the lived experience of young people with severe dyslexic difficulties in state, mainstream education in England. In considering school as a space where difference is constructed and stigma can be experienced, I draw on sociological theory to explore the kinds of emotional labour (Hochschild, 1979) that school demands from young people, when they have to explain their needs, as well as hide, downplay and negotiate their difficulties. Working with conceptual resources drawn from symbolic interactionism and the work of Foucault and Bourdieu, I explore how discursive and cultural practices form part of the institutional and relational contexts created by policy-makers, parents, teachers and peers and the implications of these for young people's emotional wellbeing and identity. The study contributes to a very small body of existing literature about those whose dyslexic difficulties are most severe and broadens the conversation about young people's experiences at school to consider the wider influences that shape their identities. The empirical basis of the research includes a mixed methods online survey with 474 parents and qualitative research with 15 young people aged 10-19 and their mothers. The findings of the study echo those within the existing literature, suggesting that access to early, evidence-based intervention in primary school makes it possible for young people to move on from a dyslexic identity and progress alongside their peers. However, my research presents a landscape of inconsistency in terms of the distribution and quality of provision, with parents holding government accountable for a lack of investment and varying levels of awareness and understanding of dyslexia among educators. Parents' ability to negotiate access to support was also uneven, reflecting an unequal distribution of economic, cultural and social capital. Mothers emerge as central actors in the management of their children's emotional states, playing a key role in scaffolding them away from notions of deficit towards ideas of difference. Drawing on Reay's interpretation of emotional capital, I also consider classed cultures of parenting as having relevance to an understanding of young people's emotional wellbeing. The role of teachers and trusted adults within the school is also examined, including the vital part they play in mediating institutional discourses through micro interactions with learners. On the basis of these findings, I argue that educators would benefit from opportunities to learn about the emotional impacts of living with severe dyslexic/literacy difficulties, challenging them about normative assumptions regarding difference and deficit. By amplifying positive stories about school, it becomes possible to understand the importance to young people of having their challenges recognised and their abilities and achievements acknowledged, as well as the importance of being able to express their agency, feeling cared for by staff, and a whole-school ethos supporting inclusivity and neurodiversity.
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