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Abstract

The People, Place, and Space Reader brings together the excerpted writings of scholars, designers, and activists from a variety of fields upon which we draw in our teaching and research to make sense of the makings and meanings of the world we inhabit. They help us to understand the relationships between people and the environment at all scales, and to consider the active roles individuals, groups, and social structures play in creating the environments in which people live, work, and play. These readings highlight the ways in which space and place are produced through large- and small-scale social, political, and economic practices, and offer new ways to think about how people engage the environment in multiple and diverse ways. The People, Place, and Space Reader provides a road-map for thinking about these concerns, offering guides for some familiar paths while charting new routes to recognizing and heralding differences in perception, experience, and practice that traverse disciplinary boundaries, period, and location. Emphasizing interdisciplinarity, this reader provides multiple entry points to join these conversations about what may seem to be quite disparate works and conceptual worlds.
The People, Place,
and Space Reader
Edited by Jen Jack Giesking and William Mangold
with Cindi Katz, Setha Low, and Susan Saegert
... Space is always related to time, so Lefebvre's analysis of the social space production includes a historical reading of how spatial experiences have changed over time depending on social circumstances (Gieseking et al., 2014). That is why the space-time concept cannot be separated but revolves around each other (Dodgshon, 2008;Warf, 2011). ...
... Space and time may seem to exist everywhere (Gieseking et al., 2014), as a 'natural' thing for people living in a particular society, located 'outside' of community and, therefore, beyond human control. Indeed, space and time seem so 'natural' that they usually require no explanation: they simply 'exist', or more bluntly, are seen as something given, not created (Warf, 2011). ...
... However, in the post-structuralist geographical view, space and time result from social construction (Warf & Arias, 2009). Lefebvre's (1991) argument of social space production analysis includes a historical reading of how spatial experiences have changed over time depending on social circumstances (Gieseking et al., 2014). ...
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This article explored actor-networks and space–time production that affected the complexity of the social-ecological resilience of coastal communities through mangrove conservation efforts using a combination of the Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and Production of Space Theory perspectives. The case study area in Jenu coastal focused on Jenu Village because of the existence of Mangrove Center Tuban (MCT) conservation area. The study applied the regressive-progressive method qualitatively through descriptive, analytic-regressive, and historical-genetic stages. Data collected technique involved observation, semi-structured and in-depth interviews, and documentation, which were subsequently analyzed using Milles and Hubberman's interactive model analysis technique. Based on the analysis results, the adaptive cycle phases of social-ecological resilience of the community in the Jenu coastal area at a range of 1958–2020 began from the creative destruction phase and ended with the conservation phase (but none repeated phases had shown). Additionally, the phases were influenced by the agency of human actors (including the founder and managers of MCT, Jenu coastal communities, Tuban District government, etc.) and non-human actors (including coastal erosion, mangroves, trucukisasi system, sea fir, etc.). Those whole actors formed the network at each translation moment in determining the process of space transformation through space–time production, resulting in three different spatial production modes (exploitative, conservation, and economic). Theoretically, each phase of the adaptive cycle, actor-network translation moment, and spatial production mode could be interrelated as an interdisciplinary perspective to explore the process of social-ecological resilience of coastal communities when facing natural hazards.
... Situating nature in urban space: configuring and contesting notions of public/private Within different academic disciplines and in Western thought and practice there is a long, rich and contested history of boundaries e.g. the distinction and division between public and private urban space used in multiple and contradictory ways (Sibley, 1995). As many scholars have argued, public/private binaries are overly simple and do not capture the complexities of gendered social relations or indeed, how the character of public/private spaces are constantly being contested socially, politically, economically, psychologically and spatially and rarely (if ever) exist as wholly private or public when subject to scrutiny (Beebeejaun, 2017;Bodnar, 2015;Bondi, 1998;Davis, 1990;Gieseking et al., 2014;Mandanipour, 2010;Mitchell, 1995Mitchell, , 2017Sorkin, 1992). Other scholars have argued that the very idea of public or private space is an attempt to apprehend through static categories what is better understood as the dynamic movement of the struggle for power (Fraser, 1990). ...
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Traditional interventions to "bring nature into the city" were often motivated by a concern to create forms of public space which would provide a public good. Despite such well-intentioned motivations, these public forms of urban nature have always been to some extent bounded, serving some in favor of others, authorizing particular uses and forms of behavior as more or less legitimate, and policing the boundaries of who is/not included in such space. In this paper, we argue that new interventions seeking to bring nature-based solutions (NBS) into the city serve to further trouble these boundaries. NBS seek to use nature to address urban sustainability challenges and they navigate and serve to reconfigure what is (and is not) public in the city. We draw on research undertaken in three cities-Newcastle (United Kingdom), Cape Town (South Africa) and Athens (Greece) to explore the ways in which notions of the private and the public are being remade with and through nature, and its implications for how we might understand urban politics. Our conclusions point to the need for governance arrangements that can support the long-term stewardship of nature in the public interest and with due accountability and we suggest three arrangements. ARTICLE HISTORY
... By measuring the centrality above, the effective gatekeepers in a social network can be identified (34). American Psychologist Levin initially proposed the gatekeeper theory (35). ...
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IntroductionSocial media, an essential source of public access to information regarding the COVID-19 vaccines, has a significant effect on the transmission of information regarding the COVID-19 vaccines and helps the public gain correct insights into the effectiveness and safety of the COVID-19 vaccines. The forwarding behavior of social media users on posts concerned with COVID-19 vaccine topics can rapidly disseminate vaccine information in a short period, which has a significant effect on transmission and helps the public access relevant information. However, the factors of social media users' forwarding posts are still uncertain thus far. In this paper, we investigated the factors of the forwarding COVID-19 vaccines Weibo posts on Chinese social media and verified the correlation between social network characteristics, Weibo textual sentiment characteristics, and post forwarding.Methods This paper used data mining, machine learning, sentiment analysis, social network analysis, and regression analysis. Using “新冠疫苗 (COVID-19 vaccine)” as the keyword, we used data mining to crawl 121,834 Weibo posts on Sina Weibo from 1 January 2021 to 31 May 2021. Weibo posts not closely correlated with the topic of the COVID-19 vaccines were filtered out using machine learning. In the end, 3,158 posts were used for data analysis. The proportions of positive sentiment and negative sentiment in the textual of Weibo posts were calculated through sentiment analysis. On that basis, the sentiment characteristics of Weibo posts were determined. The social network characteristics of information transmission on the COVID-19 vaccine topic were determined through social network analysis. The correlation between social network characteristics, sentiment characteristics of the text, and the forwarding volume of posts was verified through regression analysis.ResultsThe results suggest that there was a significant positive correlation between the degree of posting users in the social network structure and the amount of forwarding. The relationship between the closeness centrality and the forwarding volume was significantly positive. The betweenness centrality was significantly positively correlated with the forwarding volume. There was no significant relationship between the number of posts containing more positive sentiments and the forwarding volume of posts. There was a significant positive correlation between the number of Weibo posts containing more negative sentiments and the forwarding volume.Conclusion According to the characteristics of users, COVID-19 vaccine posts from opinion leaders, “gatekeepers,” and users with high-closeness centrality are more likely to be reposted. Users with these characteristics should be valued for their important role in disseminating information about COVID-19 vaccines. In addition, the sentiment contained in the Weibo post is an important factor influencing the public to forward vaccine posts. Special attention should be paid to the negative sentimental tendency contained in this post on Weibo to mitigate the negative impact of the information epidemic and improve the transmission effect of COVID-19 vaccine information.
... Las diversas aproximaciones que han existido en psicología ambiental constituyen una reflexión de la complejidad de las interrelaciones persona-ambiente (Gieseking & Mangold, 2014;Manzo, 2017). En el presente escrito, algunas temáticas representativas de los estudios urbanos en el área psicoambiental serán abordadas a través del modelo de las tipologías transaccionales ambiente-persona propuesto por Stokols (1978). ...
Article
This paper discusses a method to study the psychological environment of cities. The first section analyzes the historical origin of environmental psychology and its participation in urban theme. Then, it reviews some theoretical concepts of environmental psychology and city. On the third level, the model of Stokols[1] on the transactional environment-person typologies is used to illustrate the urban problems interested in the field of psychological environment. Finally, it expounds some quantitative and qualitative methods of environmental psychology to study urban problems.
... Por su parte, las visiones más arcaicas que consideran que el patrimonio en sí mismo, por su mera existencia, posee un carácter educacional o pedagógico también se van diluyendo hacia posturas que promueven la construcción de significados múltiples, en las que las acciones de difusión se enraízan en procesos participativos o de consulta (Pastor Pérez y Díaz-Andreu 2021). Desde nuestro punto de vista, lo que predomina en la academia es generar discursos patrimoniales que se basen en construcciones espaciales y temporales horizontales e incluyentes, donde no haya unas historias o discursos que tengan más peso sobre otros (Gieseking et al. 2014;Harrison 2013). ...
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Los valores del patrimonio forman parte de los discursos asociados a la gestión del patrimonio cultural en diversas disciplinas, como la antropología, el urbanismo, la geografía y la sociología. Este artículo plantea una propuesta sobre el modo en que se han configurado y transformado estos valores a lo largo del tiempo. Discutiremos cómo se ha pasado de posiciones epistémicas más estáticas a otras más dinámicas, haciendo hincapié en una reflexión sobre la tendencia participativa actual, en la que la sociedad es protagonista. Los principales valores que consideraremos en este trabajo serán los históricos, estéticos, naturales, inmateriales, sociales y económicos. Situaremos al lector en posiciones críticas para invitarlo a reflexionar sobre la manera en que los expertos académicos debemos acompañar este dinamismo de valorización patrimonial a través de la democratización de nuestros discursos.
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This issue focuses on Family Language Policies (FLP) in different European settings, particularly in Spain, and examines how the management of intimate communication practices and ideologies intersects with the sociopolitical, economic, educational, cultural , transnational imperatives that shape the contemporary neoliberal social order. The five empirical studies build on the fast growing and developing literature published under the FLP label, but, at the same time, the articles attempt to move current work forward by incorporating less explored issues in FLP research or by taking up some of the method-ological and conceptual challenges for the field that have been recently pointed out (see below). This introductory essay presents these issues and, from our perspective, connects a comprehensive review of FLP research with other conceptual threads that could be incorporated into this tradition. The essay closes with presenting each of the research articles that are part of this issue.
Book
The series Diaspore. Quaderni di ricerca originates from the desire to investigate the human being’s diasporic dimension, in its various forms. In the mechanisms implemented by the globalisation’s processes, which tend to assimilate the diversity and to blend the inevitable conflicts arising from the difference, the diasporic and migratory phenomenon can paradoxically be the original element to safeguard an individual and a culture in a new territory, providing a peculiar reflection area in which the conservation of that starting culture, but also the interstitial territories and the hybridism phenomena between this and the target culture can be preserved. Research laboratories of these realities will be mainly the cultural, literary, and artistic productions, generated in particular historical contexts, in territories including Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean, the Balkans and the Americas, regions where the culturally-composite identities, on heterogeneous bases, reveal the vitality of moving cultures.
Article
Nwadjahane, a small village in southern Mozambique, is set apart from other settlements as the birthplace of Eduardo Mondlane, one of the nation's founding fathers. Declared a national heritage site and made into an open‐air museum, Nwadjahane has become a landscape where national and local memories are negotiated. Mondlane is at once a national hero celebrated with statues, exhibitions, and commemorations, as well as locally linked to ancestors and memorialized through ritual sites and sacred trees. I examine how diverse audiences engage, appropriate, and contest the different spaces of Nwadjahane: the village, the museum, the space of ancestors. Highlighting the fractured nature and the politics of this landscape, the tensions, contradictions, claims, and counterclaims made upon a single locale, I use Foucault's concept of heterotopia as an analytical tool to interrogate the juxtaposition of distinct spaces and temporalities, focusing particularly on local interpretations and the historical conditions that made Nwadjahane a national heritage site.
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O presente artigo trata das disciplinas e conceitos que abordam a relação entre música e espaço durante as últimas décadas no continente americano. Chamo esse campo de "urbanismo musical" entendendo-o como uma subdisciplina não unitária resultante dos processos de pluri e interdisciplinaridade das áreas que estudam o som na cidade e seu impacto nas pessoas e grupos sociais. Meu objetivo é demonstrar a existência de uma área cinzenta e interdisciplinar que vem crescendo nas últimas décadas, apesar de ter mais de meio século de desenvolvimento nas margens disciplinares. O texto está organizado em tres partes. Na primeira faço um itinerário intelectual da relação entre os estudos musicais e urbanos, dando particular ênfase à geografia da música e à etnomusicologia urbana nos Estados Unidos e na América Latina. Na segunda, sintetizo os principais conceitos em torno dos quais esta área se desenvolveu, como espaço, cena, cluster e festivalização, incluindo as ideias secundárias em que se baseiam, como consumo, redes ou economias criativas. Por fim, nas conclusões, destaco a importância da música como forma de criação de valor no espaço devido à sua capacidade de gerar bens, formas de consumo e emoções de natureza diversa, destacando que tal valor foi ampliado com o desenvolvimento do espaço nas ciências sociais e no feminismo global e regional.
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